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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

Section 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION


PRODUCT NAME: HEEF 25-C
SYNONYMS
"Atotech SEA SHI Heef-25 C 25C Japan 11037"
PROPER SHIPPING NAME
CHROMIC ACID SOLUTION
PRODUCT USE
Used in electroplating processes.
SUPPLIER
Company: Atotech Australia Pty Ltd
Address:
21 Tattersall Road
Kings Park
NSW, 2148
AUS
Telephone: +61 2 9644 5366
Emergency Tel: +1 800 039 008
Fax: +61 2 9644 5545
Company: Atotech Australia Pty Ltd
Address:
264-266 Hammond Road
Dandenong South
VIC, 3175
AUS
Telephone: +61 3 9706 7300
Emergency Tel: +1 800 039 008
Fax: +61 3 9706 7744
HAZARD RATINGS
Min
Flammability:

Company: Atotech Australia Pty Ltd


Address:
PO Box 4196
Dandenong South
VIC, 3164
AUS
Emergency Tel: +1 800 039 008

Company: Atotech Australia Pty Ltd


Address:
93 Sir Donald Bradman Drive
Hilton
SA, 5033
AUS
Telephone: +61 8 843 9177
Emergency Tel: +1 800 039 008
Fax: +61 8 8234 0532
Max

Toxicity:

Body Contact:

Reactivity:

Chronic:

Min/Nil=0
Low=1
Moderate=2
High=3
Extreme=4

Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE


HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. DANGEROUS GOODS. According to the Criteria of NOHSC, and the ADG Code.

POISONS SCHEDULE
S6
RISK
Contact with combustible material may cause fire.
Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
Very toxic by inhalation.
Causes severe burns.
Risk of serious damage to eyes.
May cause SENSITISATION by inhalation and skin contact.
May cause CANCER.
Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation.
Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
Possible risk of impaired fertility.
Cumulative effects may result following exposure*.
* (limited evidence).
SAFETY
Keep away from combustible material.
Keep container in a well ventilated place.
Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
Do not empty into drains.
Keep container tightly closed.
Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
In case of accident or if you feel unwell IMMEDIATELY contact Doctor or Poisons Information Centre (show label if possible).
Use appropriate container to avoid environment contamination.
Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.
In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest.
Section 3 - COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
NAME

CAS RN

chromium trioxide

1333-82-0

1-15

water

7732-18-5

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES


SWALLOWED
For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor at once.
Urgent hospital treatment is likely to be needed.
If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
Observe the patient carefully.

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness; i.e. becoming unconscious.
Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can comfortably drink.
Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
If poisoning occurs, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre.
EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor, or for at least 15 minutes.
Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled personnel.
SKIN
If skin or hair contact occurs:
Immediately flush body and clothes with large amounts of water, using safety shower if available.
Quickly remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
Wash skin and hair with running water. Continue flushing with water until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre.
Transport to hospital, or doctor.
INHALED
If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
Transport to hospital, or doctor, without delay.
NOTES TO PHYSICIAN
Acute chromic acid ingestion causes acute gastroenteritis, hepatic necrosis, bleeding and acute tubular necrosis with renal failure. The efficacy of British Anti-Lewisite haemodialysis and exchange
transfusion has not been established.
Primary irritation, including chrome ulceration, may be treated with ointments comprising calcium-sodium-EDTA. This, together with the use of frequently renewed dressings, will ensure rapid healing of any
ulcer which may develop. The mechanism of action involves the reduction of Cr (VI) or Cr (III) and subsequent chelation; the irritant effect of Cr (III) / protein complexes is thus avoided.
[ILO Encyclopedia]
BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDEX - BEI
These represent the determinants observed in specimens collected from a healthy worker exposed at the Exposure Standard (ES or TLV):
Determinant
Sampling time
Index
Comments
Total chromium in urine

Increase during shift

"
End of shift at end of workweek
B: Background levels occur in specimens collected from subjects NOT exposed.
for corrosives:
----------------------------------------------------------BASIC TREATMENT
----------------------------------------------------------Establish a patent airway with suction where necessary.
Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilation as necessary.
Administer oxygen by non-rebreather mask at 10 to 15 l/min.
Monitor and treat, where necessary, for pulmonary oedema .
Monitor and treat, where necessary, for shock.

(10ug/g creatinine)

(B)

(30ug/g creatinine)

(B)

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

Anticipate seizures.
Where eyes have been exposed, flush immediately with water and continue to irrigate with normal saline during transport to hospital.
DO NOT use emetics. Where ingestion is suspected rinse mouth and give up to 200 ml water (5 ml/kg recommended) for dilution where patient is able to swallow, has a strong gag reflex and does not drool.
Skin burns should be covered with dry, sterile bandages, following decontamination.
DO NOT attempt neutralisation as exothermic reaction may occur.
----------------------------------------------------------ADVANCED TREATMENT
----------------------------------------------------------Consider orotracheal or nasotracheal intubation for airway control in unconscious patient or where respiratory arrest has occurred.
Positive-pressure ventilation using a bag-valve mask might be of use.
Monitor and treat, where necessary, for arrhythmias.
Start an IV D5W TKO. If signs of hypovolaemia are present use lactated Ringers solution. Fluid overload might create complications.
Drug therapy should be considered for pulmonary oedema.
Hypotension with signs of hypovolaemia requires the cautious administration of fluids. Fluid overload might create complications.
Treat seizures with diazepam.
Proparacaine hydrochloride should be used to assist eye irrigation.
----------------------------------------------------------EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT
----------------------------------------------------------Laboratory analysis of complete blood count, serum electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, glucose, urinalysis, baseline for serum aminotransferases (ALT and AST), calcium, phosphorus and magnesium, may
assist in establishing a treatment regime.
Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-assisted ventilation may be required for acute parenchymal injury or adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Consider endoscopy to evaluate oral injury.
Consult a toxicologist as necessary.
BRONSTEIN, A.C. and CURRANCE, P.L. EMERGENCY CARE FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EXPOSURE: 2nd Ed. 1994.
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
Water spray or fog.
Foam.
Dry chemical powder.
BCF (where regulations permit).
Carbon dioxide.
FIRE FIGHTING
Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.
Do not approach containers suspected to be hot.
Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
Non combustible.
Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers may burn.
May emit corrosive fumes.
HAZCHEM
2X
Personal Protective Equipment
Breathing apparatus.
Gas tight chemical resistant suit.
Limit exposure duration to 1 BA set30 mins.
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
MINOR SPILLS
Clean up all spills immediately.
Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes.
Control personal contact by using protective equipment.
Contain and absorb spill with sand, earth, inert material or vermiculite.
Wipe up.
Place in a suitable labelled container for waste disposal.
MAJOR SPILLS
Clear area of personnel and move upwind.
Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
Consider evacuation (or protect in place).
Stop leak if safe to do so.
Contain spill with sand, earth or vermiculite.
Collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling.
Neutralise/decontaminate residue.
Collect solid residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.
Wash area and prevent runoff into drains.
After clean up operations, decontaminate and launder all protective clothing and equipment before storing and re-using.
If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.
PROTECTIVE ACTIONS FOR SPILL

From IERG (Canada/Australia)

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4
Isolation Distance

25 metres

Downwind Protection Distance 250 metres


IERG Number

37

FOOTNOTES

1 PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE is defined as the area in which people are at risk of harmful exposure. This zone assumes that random changes in wind direction confines the vapour plume to an area within 30 degrees on either side of the predominant wind
direction, resulting in a crosswind protective action distance equal to the downwind protective action distance.
2 PROTECTIVE ACTIONS should be initiated to the extent possible, beginning with those closest to the spill and working away from the site in the downwind direction. Within the protective action zone a level of vapour concentration may exist resulting in nearly
all unprotected persons becoming incapacitated and unable to take protective action and/or incurring serious or irreversible health effects.
3 INITIAL ISOLATION ZONE is determined as an area, including upwind of the incident, within which a high probability of localised wind reversal may expose nearly all persons without appropriate protection to life-threatening concentrations of the material.
4 SMALL SPILLS involve a leaking package of 200 litres (55 US gallons) or less, such as a drum (jerrican or box with inner containers). Larger packages leaking less than 200 litres and compressed gas leaking from a small cylinder are also considered "small
spills". LARGE SPILLS involve many small leaking packages or a leaking package of greater than 200 litres, such as a cargo tank, portable tank or a "one-tonne" compressed gas cylinder.
5 Guide 154 is taken from the US DOT emergency response guide book.
6 IERG information is derived from CANUTEC - Transport Canada.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING GUIDELINES (ERPG)


The maximum airborne concentration below which it is believed that nearly all individuals could be exposed for up to one hour WITHOUT experiencing or developing
life-threatening health effects is:
chromium trioxide

30 mg/m

irreversible or other serious effects or symptoms which could impair an individual's ability to take protective action is:
chromium trioxide
0.2 mg/m
other than mild, transient adverse effects without perceiving a clearly defined odour is:
chromium trioxide
0.2 mg/m
The threshold concentration below which most people. will experience no appreciable risk of health effects:
chromium trioxide
0.1 mg/m
American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)
Ingredients considered according exceed the following cutoffs
Very Toxic (T+)
>= 0.1%
Toxic (T)
>= 3.0%

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

R50
>= 0.25%
Toxic (T)
>= 3.0%
R51
>= 2.5%
Corrosive (C)
>= 5.0%
else
>= 10%
where percentage is percentage of ingredient found in the mixture
Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.
Section 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE
PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING
Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
Use in a well-ventilated area.
WARNING: To avoid violent reaction, ALWAYS add material to water and NEVER water to material.
Avoid smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
Keep containers securely sealed when not in use.
Avoid physical damage to containers.
Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
Work clothes should be laundered separately. Launder contaminated clothing before re-use.
Use good occupational work practice.
Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure safe working conditions are maintained.
DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin.
SUITABLE CONTAINER
Lined metal can, Lined metal pail/ can
Plastic pail
Polyliner drum
Packing as recommended by manufacturer.
Check all containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks.
For low viscosity materials
Drums and jerricans must be of the non-removable head type.
Where a can is to be used as an inner package, the can must have a screwed enclosure.
For materials with a viscosity of at least 2680 cSt. (23 deg. C) and solids (between 15 C deg. and 40 deg C.):
Removable head packaging;
Cans with friction closures and
low pressure tubes and cartridges
may be used.
Where combination packages are used, and the inner packages are of glass, porcelain or stoneware, there must be sufficient inert cushioning material in contact with inner and outer packages unless the outer
packaging is a close fitting moulded plastic box and the substances are not incompatible with the plastic.
STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY
Dangerous goods of other classes.

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

Avoid strong acids.


STORAGE REQUIREMENTS
Store in original containers.
Keep containers securely sealed.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.
Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.
Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
EXPOSURE CONTROLS
Source
Material
TWA ppm
TWA mg/m
STEL ppm
STEL mg/m
Peak ppm
Peak mg/m
Australia Exposure Standards
Chromium (VI) compounds (as Cr), water soluble
0.05
No data available: chromium trioxide as (CAS: 1333-82-0)
No data available: water as (CAS: 7732-18-5)
EMERGENCY EXPOSURE LIMITS
No data for Heef 25-C.
EXPOSURE STANDARDS FOR MIXTURE
"Worst Case" computer-aided prediction of spray/ mist or fume/ dust components and concentration:
"Worst Case" computer-aided prediction of spray/ mist or fume/ dust components and concentration:
Composite Exposure Standard for Mixture (TWA) :0.0503 mg/m.
"Worst Case" computer-aided prediction of spray/ mist or fume/ dust components and concentration:
Composite Exposure Standard for Mixture (TWA) (mg/m):
Operations which produce a spray/mist or fume/dust, introduce particulates to the breathing zone.
If the breathing zone concentration of ANY of the components listed below is exceeded, "Worst Case" considerations deem the individual to be overexposed.
Component Breathing Zone ppm Breathing Zone mg/m Mixture Conc (%).
Component
Breathing Zone
Mixture Conc
(mg/m)
(%)
chromium trioxide
0.0500
15.0
INGREDIENT DATA
CHROMIUM TRIOXIDE:
Some jurisdictions require that health surveillance be carried on workers occupationally exposed to inorganic chromium. Such surveillance should emphasise
demography, occupational and medical history and health advice
physical examination with emphasis on the respiratory system and skin
weekly skin inspection of hands and forearms by a "responsible person"
WARNING: This substance is classified by the NOHSC as Category 1 ESTABLISHED HUMAN CARCINOGEN. NOTE: Detector tubes for chromic acid, measuring in excess of 0.1 mg/m (as CrO3), are
commercially available. WATER:
No exposure limits set by NOHSC or ACGIH.

PERSONAL PROTECTION

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

EYE
Chemical goggles.
Full face shield may be required for supplementary but never for primary protection of eyes
Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and concentrate irritants. A written policy document, describing the wearing of lens or restrictions on use, should be created for
each workplace or task. This should include a review of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account of injury experience. Medical and first-aid personnel should be
trained in their removal and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical exposure, begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens should
be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands thoroughly. [CDC NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59]
HANDS/FEET
Elbow length PVC gloves.
When handling corrosive liquids, wear trousers or overalls outside of boots, to avoid spills entering boots.
NOTE: The material may produce skin sensitisation in predisposed individuals. Care must be taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin contact.
OTHER
Prior to each exit from an area containing confirmed human carcinogens, employees should be required to remove and leave protective clothing and equipment at the point of exit and at the last exit of the
day, to place used clothing and equipment in impervious containers at the point of exit for purposes of decontamination or disposal. The contents of such impervious containers must be identified with
suitable labels. For maintenance and decontamination activities, authorized employees entering the area should be provided with and required to wear clean, impervious garments, including gloves, boots
and continuous-air supplied hood.
Prior to removing protective garments the employee should undergo decontamination and be required to shower upon removal of the garments and hood.
Overalls.
PVC Apron.
PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe.
Eyewash unit.
Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower.
Employees working with confirmed human carcinogens should be provided with, and be required to wear, clean, full body protective clothing (smocks, coveralls, or long-sleeved shirt and pants), shoe covers
and gloves prior to entering the regulated area.
Employees engaged in handling operations involving carcinogens should be provided with, and required to wear and use half-face filter-type respirators with filters for dusts, mists and fumes, or air purifying
canisters or cartridges. A respirator affording higher levels of protection may be substituted.
Emergency deluge showers and eyewash fountains, supplied with potable water, should be located near, within sight of, and on the same level with locations where direct exposure is likely.
GLOVE SELECTION INDEX
Glove selection is based on a modified presentation of the:
"Forsberg Clothing Performance Index".
The effect(s) of the following substance(s) are taken into account in the computer-generated selection: chromium trioxide
Protective Material CPI *.
BUTYL
A
NATURAL RUBBER
A
NITRILE+PVC
A

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

PVC
A
NITRILE
B
* CPI - Chemwatch Performance Index
A: Best Selection
B: Satisfactory; may degrade after 4 hours continuous immersion
C: Poor to Dangerous Choice for other than short term immersion
NOTE: As a series of factors will influence the actual performance of the glove, a final selection must be based on detailed observation. * Where the glove is to be used on a short term, casual or infrequent basis, factors such as "feel" or convenience (e.g. disposability), may dictate a choice of gloves which might otherwise be unsuitable
following long-term or frequent use. A qualified practitioner should be consulted.
RESPIRATOR
Selection of the Class and Type of respirator will depend upon the level of breathing zone contaminant and the chemical nature of the contaminant. Protection Factors (defined as the ratio of contaminant
outside and inside the mask) may also be important.
Breathing Zone Level ppm (volume)
Maximum Protection Factor
Half-face Respirator
Full-Face Respirator
1000

10

-AUS P

1000

50

-AUS P

5000

50

Airline *

5000

100

-2 P

10000

100

-3 P

100+
Airline**
* - Continuous Flow ** - Continuous-flow or positive pressure demand.
The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of personal protective equipment required.
For further information consult site specific CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.
ENGINEERING CONTROLS
Local exhaust ventilation usually required. If risk of overexposure exists, wear approved respirator. Correct fit is essential to obtain adequate protection. Supplied-air type respirator may be required in special
circumstances. Correct fit is essential to ensure adequate protection.
An approved self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) may be required in some situations.
Provide adequate ventilation in warehouse or closed storage area. Air contaminants generated in the workplace possess varying "escape" velocities which, in turn, determine the "capture velocities" of fresh
circulating air required to effectively remove the contaminant.
Type of Contaminant:
Air Speed:
solvent, vapours, degreasing etc., evaporating from tank (in still air).

0.25-0.5 m/s (50-100 f/min.)

aerosols, fumes from pouring operations, intermittent container filling, low speed conveyer transfers,
0.5-1 m/s (100-200 f/min.)
welding, spray drift, plating acid fumes, pickling (released at low velocity into zone of active generation)
direct spray, spray painting in shallow booths, drum filling, conveyer loading, crusher dusts, gas
discharge (active generation into zone of rapid air motion)

1-2.5 m/s (200-500 f/min.)

grinding, abrasive blasting, tumbling, high speed wheel generated dusts (released at high initial velocity
2.5-10 m/s (500-2000 f/min.)
into zone of very high rapid air motion).
Within each range the appropriate value depends on:
Lower end of the range
Upper end of the range
1: Room air currents minimal or favourable to capture

1: Disturbing room air currents

2: Contaminants of low toxicity or of nuisance value only.

2: Contaminants of high toxicity

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

3: Intermittent, low production.

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

3: High production, heavy use

4: Large hood or large air mass in motion


4: Small hood-local control only
Simple theory shows that air velocity falls rapidly with distance away from the opening of a simple extraction pipe. Velocity generally decreases with the square of distance from the extraction point (in simple
cases). Therefore the air speed at the extraction point should be adjusted, accordingly, after reference to distance from the contaminating source. The air velocity at the extraction fan, for example, should be a
minimum of 1-2 m/s (200-400 f/min) for extraction of solvents generated in a tank 2 meters distant from the extraction point. Other mechanical considerations, producing performance deficits within the
extraction apparatus, make it essential that theoretical air velocities are multiplied by factors of 10 or more when extraction systems are installed or used.
Employees exposed to confirmed human carcinogens should be authorized to do so by the employer, and work in a regulated area.
Work should be undertaken in an isolated system such as a "glove-box" . Employees should wash their hands and arms upon completion of the assigned task and before engaging in other activities not
associated with the isolated system.
Within regulated areas, the carcinogen should be stored in sealed containers, or enclosed in a closed system, including piping systems, with any sample ports or openings closed while the carcinogens are
contained within.
Open-vessel systems are prohibited.
Each operation should be provided with continuous local exhaust ventilation so that air movement is always from ordinary work areas to the operation.
Exhaust air should not be discharged to regulated areas, non-regulated areas or the external environment unless decontaminated. Clean make-up air should be introduced in sufficient volume to maintain
correct operation of the local exhaust system.
For maintenance and decontamination activities, authorized employees entering the area should be provided with and required to wear clean, impervious garments, including gloves, boots and continuousair supplied hood. Prior to removing protective garments the employee should undergo decontamination and be required to shower upon removal of the garments and hood.
Except for outdoor systems, regulated areas should be maintained under negative pressure (with respect to non-regulated areas).
Local exhaust ventilation requires make-up air be supplied in equal volumes to replaced air.
Laboratory hoods must be designed and maintained so as to draw air inward at an average linear face velocity of 150 feet/ min. with a minimum of 125 feet/ min. Design and construction of the fume hood
requires that insertion of any portion of the employees body, other than hands and arms, be disallowed.
Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
APPEARANCE
Dark reddish-orange to black highly acidic liquid with a mild odour; mixes with water
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Liquid.
Mixes with water.
Corrosive.
Acid.
Toxic or noxious vapours/gas.
Molecular Weight: Not Applicable
Melting Range (C): Not Available
Solubility in water (g/L): Miscible
pH (1% solution): Not Available
Volatile Component (%vol): Not Available
Relative Vapour Density (air=1): Not Available
Lower Explosive Limit (%): Not Applicable
Autoignition Temp (C): Not Applicable
State: Liquid

Boiling Range (C): Not Available


Specific Gravity (water=1): 1.15-1.25
pH (as supplied): <2
Vapour Pressure (kPa): Not Available
Evaporation Rate: Not Available
Flash Point (C): Not Applicable
Upper Explosive Limit (%): Not Applicable
Decomposition Temp (C): Not available

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

Chemwatch 85186
CD 2005/4

Section 10 - CHEMICAL STABILITY AND REACTIVITY INFORMATION


CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY
Presence of incompatible materials.
Product is considered stable.
Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS
ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS
SWALLOWED
Accidental ingestion of the material may be harmful; animal experiments indicate that ingestion of less than 150 gram may be fatal or may produce serious damage to the health of the individual.
The material can produce severe chemical burns within the oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract following ingestion.
EYE
The material can produce severe chemical burns to the eye following direct contact. Vapours or mists may be extremely irritating.
If applied to the eyes, this material causes severe eye damage.
The material may produce moderate eye irritation leading to inflammation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
SKIN
The material can produce severe chemical burns following direct contact
with the skin.
Skin contact is not thought to produce harmful health effects (as classified under EC Directives using animal models). Systemic harm, however, has been identified following exposure of animals by at least one
other route and the material may still produce health damage following entry through wounds, lesions or abrasions. Good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable gloves
be used in an occupational setting.
Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions, may produce systemic injury with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the use of the material and ensure that any external
damage is suitably protected.
The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may produce on contact skin redness, swelling, the production of vesicles, scaling and thickening of the skin.
INHALED
The material can cause respiratory irritation in some persons. The body's response to such irritation can cause further lung damage.
The material is not thought to produce adverse health effects following inhalation (as classified by EC Directives using animal models). Nevertheless, adverse systemic effects have been produced following
exposure of animals by at least one other route and good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable control measures be used in an occupational setting.
Chrome fume is irritating to the respiratory tract and lungs. Toxic effects result from over-exposure. Asthmatic conditions may result as a consequence of the sensitising action of chrome VI compounds.
The material may produce respiratory tract irritation, and result in damage to the lung including reduced lung function.
CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS
Repeated or prolonged exposure to corrosives may result in the erosion of teeth, inflammatory and ulcerative changes in the mouth and necrosis (rarely) of the jaw. Bronchial irritation, with cough, and frequent
attacks of bronchial pneumonia may ensue. Gastrointestinal disturbances may also occur. Chronic exposures may result in dermatitis and/or conjunctivitis.
Substance accumulation, in the human body, may occur and may cause some concern following repeated or long-term occupational exposure.
Asthma-like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material ceases. This may be due to a non-allergenic condition known as reactive airways dysfunction syndrome (RADS)
which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly irritating compound. Key criteria for the diagnosis of RADS include the absence of preceding respiratory disease, in a non-atopic individual, with
abrupt onset of persistent asthma-like symptoms within minutes to hours of a documented exposure to the irritant. A reversible airflow pattern, on spirometry, with the presence of moderate to severe bronchial
hyperreactivity on methacholine challenge testing and the lack of minimal lymphocytic inflammation, without eosinophilia, have also been included in the criteria for diagnosis of RADS. RADS (or asthma)
following an irritating inhalation is an infrequent disorder with rates related to the concentration of and duration of exposure to the irritating substance. Industrial bronchitis, on the other hand, is a disorder that
occurs as result of exposure due to high concentrations of irritating substance (often particulate in nature) and is completely reversible after exposure ceases. The disorder is characterised by dyspnea, cough
and mucous production.
There is some evidence that inhaling this product is more likely to cause a sensitisation reaction in some persons compared to the general population.
Skin contact with the material is more likely to cause a sensitisation reaction in some persons compared to the general population.
On the basis of limited epidemiological data, the material is regarded as carcinogenic to humans. At least one classification body considers that there is sufficient data to establish a causal association between

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

human exposure to the material and the development of cancer. Chronic inhalation exposure may result in nasal ulceration and/or perforation of nasal septum.
Sensitisation may give severe responses to very low levels of exposure, i.e. hypersensitivity. Sensitised persons should not be allowed to work in situations where exposure may occur.
TOXICITY AND IRRITATION
None assigned. Refer to individual constituents.
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances
TOXICITY
IRRITATION
CHROMIUM TRIOXIDE:
Oral (rat) LD50: 80 mg/kg
Skin (human): corrosive
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 0.11 mg/m
WARNING: This substance has been classified by the IARC as Group 1: CARCINOGENIC TO HUMANS.
WATER:
No significant acute toxicological data identified in literature search.
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water
courses.
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
Refer to data for ingredients, which follows:
CHROMIUM TRIOXIDE:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Log Pow: Not relevant
Chromium in the oxidation state +3 (the trivalent form) is poorly absorbed by cells found in microorganisms, plants and animals. Chromate anions (CrO4-, oxidation state +6, the hexavalent form) are readily
transported into cells and toxicity is closely linked to the higher oxidation state.
Chromium Ecotoxicology:
Toxicity in Aquatic Organisms:
Chromium is harmful to aquatic organisms in very low concentrations. Fish food organisms are very sensitive to low levels of chromium. Chromium is toxic to fish although less so in warm water. Marked
decreases in toxicity are found with increasing pH or water hardness; changes in salinity have little if any effect. Chromium appears to make fish more susceptible to infection. High concentrations can damage
and/or accumulate in various fish tissues and in invertebrates such as snails and worms.
Reproduction of Daphnia is affected by exposure to 0.01 mg/kg hexavalent chromium/litre
Toxicity of chromium in fresh-water organisms (50% mortality)*
Compound
Category
Exposure
Toxicity Range (mg/litre)
Most sensitive species
hexavalent chrome

trivalent chrome

invertebrate

acute

0.067-59.9

long-term

vertebrate

acute

17.6-249

fathead minnow

long-term

0.265-2.0

rainbow trout

invertebrate

acute

2.0-64.0

cladoceran

long-term

0.066

cladoceran

vertebrate

acute

33.0-71.9

guppy

long-term

1.0

fathead minnow

invertebrate
* from Environmental Health Criteria 61: WHO Publication.
Toxicity in Microorganisms:

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HEEF 25-C
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004

CD 2005/4

In general, toxicity for most microorganisms occurs in the range of 0.05-5 mg chromium/kg of medium. Trivalent chromium is less toxic than the hexavalent form. The main signs of toxicity are inhibition of
growth and the inhibition of various metabolic processes such as photosynthesis or protein synthesis. Gram-negative soil bacteria are generally more sensitive to hexavalent chromium (1-12 mg/kg) than the
gram-positive types. Toxicity to trivalent chromium is not observed at similar levels. The toxicity of low levels of hexavalent chromium (1 mg/kg) indicates that soil microbial transformation, such as nitrification,
may be affected. Chromium should not be introduced to municipal sewage treatment facilities.
Toxicity in Plants: Chromium in high concentrations can be toxic for plants. The main feature of chromium intoxication is chlorosis, which is similar to iron deficiency. Chromium affects carbohydrate metabolism
and leaf chlorophyll concentration decreases with hexavalent chromium concentration (0.01-1 mg/l). The hexavalent form appears to more toxic than the trivalent species.
Biological half-life: The elimination curve for chromium, as measured by whole-body counting, has an exponential form. In rats, three different components of the curve have been identified, with half-lives of 0.5,
5.9 and 83.4 days, respectively.
Water Standards: Chromium is identified as a hazardous substance in the Federal (U.S.) Water Pollution Control Act and further regulated by Clean Air Water Act Amendments (US). These regulations apply to
discharge. The US Primary drinking water Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), for chromium, is 0.05 mg/l (total chromium).
Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
Recycle wherever possible.
Consult manufacturer for recycling options or consult local or regional waste management authority for disposal if no suitable treatment or disposal facility can be identified.
Treat and neutralise at an approved treatment plant. Treatment should involve: Neutralisation followed by: Burial in a licenced land-fill or Incineration in a licenced apparatus (after admixture with suitable
combustible material)
Decontaminate empty containers. Observe all label safeguards until containers are cleaned and destroyed.
Puncture containers to prevent re-use and bury at an authorised landfill.
Section 14 - TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

Labels Required
corrosive
HAZCHEM
2X
Land Transport UNDG:
Dangerous Goods Class:
UN Number:
Shipping Name:CHROMIC ACID SOLUTION
Air Transport IATA:
ICAO/IATA Class:
UN/ID Number:
ERG Code:
Shipping Name: Chromic acid solution
Maritime Transport IMDG:

8
1755

8
1755
8L

Subrisk:
Packing Group:

ICAO/IATA Subrisk:
Packing Group:

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None
II

None
II

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Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet (REVIEW)

Revision No: 2

Chemwatch 85186

Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004


IMDG Class:
UN Number:
EMS Number:
Shipping Name: CHROMIC ACID SOLUTION

CD 2005/4
8
1755
F-A,S-B

IMDG Subrisk:
Packing Group:

None
II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION


POISONS SCHEDULE
S6
REGULATIONS
chromium trioxide (CAS: 1333-82-0) is found on the following regulatory lists;
Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)
Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)
Australia Poisons Schedule
water (CAS: 7732-18-5) is found on the following regulatory lists;
Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)
Section 16 - OTHER INFORMATION
This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review or criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without
written permission from CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.
Issue Date: 13-Feb-2004
Print Date: 7-Mar-2006

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