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Version 1.

2 , March 2000

Application Note
AN-SMPS-1683X-1

CoolSET
TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

Author:

Harald Zllinger

Published by Infineon Technologies AG


http://www.infineon.com

Power Conversion

N e v e r

s t o p

t h i n k in g

TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

Contents:

Circuit description ....................................................................................................... 2


Operating Principles.................................................................................................... 2
Circuit diagram:........................................................................................................ 4
Design procedure for fixed frequency Flyback Converter with TDA16831...-34
operating in discontinuous current mode. ................................................................... 5
Define input parameters:.......................................................................................... 5
Input Diode Bridge: .................................................................................................. 5
Determine Input capacitor:....................................................................................... 5
Transformer Design: ................................................................................................ 7
Winding design: ....................................................................................................... 8
Output Rectifier: ..................................................................................................... 10
Output Capacitor:................................................................................................... 10
Output Filter: .......................................................................................................... 11
VCC-Supply: .......................................................................................................... 11
Calculation of snubber network:............................................................................. 12
Calculation of losses: ............................................................................................. 13
Voltage regulation loop: ......................................................................................... 14
Regulation loop: ..................................................................................................... 15
Transfer characteristics of regulation loop elements:............................................. 15
Transformer Construction ...................................................................................... 20
Layout Recommendation: ...................................................................................... 21

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Circuit description
The TDA 1683X is a current mode pulse width modulator with an integrated CoolMOS Transistor. It
meets the need for minimum external control circuitry for a flyback application.
Current mode control means that the current through the MOS transistor and flyback transformer is
compared with a feedback signal derived from the output voltage of the flyback application. The result
of that comparision determines the on time of the MOS transistor.
To minimize external circuitry the current sense circuitry is integrated within the CoolSET controller.
The oscillator resistor and capacitor which determine the switching frequency are also integrated,
reducing the external connections. Special efforts have been made to compensate temperature
dependancy and to minimize tolerances of the passive components.

Operating Principles
The TDA1683X is designed for a current mode flyback configuration in discontinous current mode.
The control circuit has a fixed frequency, and the duty cycle of integrated Cool-Mos switch is
controlled to maintain a constant output voltage.
The diagram below (Fig. 1) shows the input voltage and the primary and secondary transformer
current.
When the Cool-Mos transistor is turned on, the start of all windings on the transformer will go positive.
The rectifier diode on the secondary side will be reverse-biased and will not conduct. Therefore no
current will flow in the secondary while the Mosfet is turned on. During this phase energy is being
stored in the primary winding inductance and the transformer may be treated as a simple series
inductor. The diagram shows that there will be a linear increase of primary current (Ipri) while the
primary Cool-MOS switch is on.
When the Cool-MOS transistor is turned off, the voltage will reverse on all windings (flyback action)
until clamped by the secondary side widing through the secondary rectifier diode. Now the secondary
rectifier diode will conduct, and the magnetizing energy in the core will now transfer to the output
during the reset interval.
This current will decrease from its peak value to zero, as shown in the diagram (Isec). In this period the
complete stored energy in the primary inductance will be transferred to the secondary (neglecting
losses), before the next store cycle starts. The secondary voltage is reflected back through the
transformer turns ratio to the primary winding and added to the input voltage (VIN+VR). Additional
transient voltage may appear on the primary winding due to energy stored in uncoupled leakage
inductance in the primary winding which isnt clamped by the secondary side winding.
If the flyback current does not reach zero before the next on -cycle the converter is operating in
continous current mode. When this system reverts to the continous operation, the transfer function is
changed to a two pole system with low output impedance and additional design rules become
important.

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Voltage and Current waveforms in discontinous mode operation:

VIN = VINMIN

VIN > VINMIN


VIN + VR

VINMIN + VR

VIN

VINMIN

IPRI

I PEAK

IPEAK

IPEAK

IPEAK

ISEC

tON

tOFF

Light load

IPRI

ISEC

tON

TOFF

full load

Fig. 1

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Circuit diagram:

Fig. 2

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Design procedure for fixed frequency Flyback Converter with


TDA16831...-34 operating in discontinuous current mode.
Procedure

Example

Define input parameters:


Minimal AC input voltage :
Maximal AC input voltage :
Line frequency
Max. Output power:
Min. Output power:
Output voltage:
Output ripple voltage:
Reflection voltage:
Estimated efficiency:
DC ripple voltage:
Auxiliary Voltage
Optocoupler Gain:
Used CoolSET

85V
270V
50Hz
40W
1W
12V
0,05V
100V
0,8
20V
12V
1
TDA16834 for 40W @ 25C

Vacmin
Vacmax
f ac
POmax
POmin
VOUT
VOripple
VR

Vripple
Vaux.
GC

There are no special requirements imposed on the


input rectifier and storage capacitor in the flyback
converter. The components will be selected to meet
the power rating and hold-up requirements.
Maximum input power:
PMAX =

POUT

(Eq 1)

PMAX =

40W
= 50W
0,8

(Eq 2)

I PRMS =

50W
= 0,98 A
85V 0,6

(Eq 3)

Vdcinpk = 270V 2 = 382V

Input Diode Bridge:


I PRMS =

PMAX
V ac min cos

Vdcinpk = Vac max 2

Determine Input capacitor:


Minimum peak input voltage at no load condition
V dc min pk = V ac min 2

(Eq 4)

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V dc min pk = 85V 2 = 120V

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we choose a ripple voltage of 20V
V dc min = V dc min pk V ripple

(Eq 5)

V dc min = 120V 20V = 100V

Calculating discharging time at each half line cycle:


V

arcsin dc min
V dc min pk

T D = 5ms 1 +
90

(Eq 6)

100V

arcsin
120V
T D = 5ms 1 +

90

(Eq 7)

W IN = 50W 8,1ms = 0,41Ws

(Eq 8)

CIN =

= 8,1ms

Required energy at discharging time:


WIN = PMAX TD

Calculating input capacitor value:


CIN =

2 W IN
V dc2 min pk

V dc2 min

2 0,41Ws
14400V 2 10000V 2

= 186 F

Alternative a rule of thumb on choosing CIN


Input voltage
115V
230V
85V ...270V

CIN
2F/W
1F/W
2 ...3F/W....................

50W 3F = 150 F

We choose 180F 400V

Vdc min = Vdc2 min pk

2 WIN
C IN

(Eq 9)

V dc min = 14400V 2

2 0,41Ws
= 99, 2V
180 F

Select a capacitor out of Siemens/Epcos Databook


of Aluminium Electrolytic Capacitors.
The following types are preferred:
For 85C Applications:
Series B43303-........
B43501-........

2000h lifetime
10000h lifetime

For 105C Applications:


Series B43504-........
B43505-........

3000h lifetime
5000h lifetime

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Transformer Design:

Note the internally limited Duty Cycle!!


Dmax = 0,5

(see datasheet TDA16834)

Calculation of peak current on primary inductance:


I LPK =

2 PMAX
V dc min D max

I LRMS = I LPK

D max
3

2 50W
= 2,14 A
99V 0,47

(Eq 10)

I LPK =

(Eq 11)

I LRMS = 2,14 A

0,5
= 0,85 A
3

Calculating of primary inductance within limit of


maximum Duty-Cycle :
LP =

Dmax V dc min
I LPK f

(Eq 12)

0,47 99V
= 217 H
2,14 A 100kHz

LP =

Select core type and inductance factor (AL) from


Siemens/Epcos ferrite Databook or CD-ROM
Passive Components.

Selected core: E 32/16/9


Material = N27
AL = 244 nH
s = 0,5 mm
Fix maximum flux density:
2
A
Bmax 0,2T ...0,3T for ferrite cores depending on core e = 83 mm
AN = 108,5 mm2
material.
lN = 64,4 mm
weight
30g
We choose 0,2T for material N27
PV = 190mW/g (200mT, 100kHz, 100C)
The primary turns can be calculated as:
NP =

LP
AL

(Eq 13)

NP =

217 H
= 29,85 turns
244nH

we choose Np = 30 turns

Number of secondary turns can be calculated as:


Ns =

N P (VOUT + V FDIODE )
VR

(Eq 14)

Ns =

30 (12V + 0,7V )
= 3,81
100V

we choose Ns = 4 turns

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Number of auxiliary turns can be calculated as:


N P (V aux + V FDIODE )
VR

N aux =

(Eq 15)

N aux =

30 (12V + 0,7V )
= 3,81
100V

we choose Naux = 4 turns


Postcalculation of primary inductance, primary peak
current, max. flux density and gap:

L P = N P2 Al
I Lpk =

V dc min D max
Lp f

B max =

L P I LPK
N P Ae

4 10 7 N P2 Ae
s=
LP

(Eq 16)

L P = 30 2 244nH = 220 H

(Eq 17)

I Lpk =

(Eq 18)

B max =

(Eq 19)

s=

99V 0,47
= 2,12 A
220 H 100kHz

220 H 2,12 A
30 83mm 2

= 187 mT

4 10 7 30 2 83mm 2
= 0,43mm
0,22mH

Winding design:
(see also page 20
Transformer Construction)

The primary winding of 30 turns has to be split into


15+15 turns in order to get best coupling between
primary and secondary winding.
The effective bobbin width and winding cross section
can be calculated:

From bobbin datasheet E32/16/9: BW = 20,1mm


Margin determined: M = 4mm

BWe = BW 2 M
ANe =

AN BWe
BW

(Eq 20)

BWe = 20,1mm 2 4mm = 12,1mm

(Eq 21)

Calculate copper section for primary and secondary


winding:
The winding cross section AN has to be splitted into
the number of windings.
Primary winding
0,5
Secondary winding
0,45
Auxiliary winding
0,05

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We calculate the available area for each winding:


Used for calculation: fCu =0,3

Copper space factor fCu :0,2 ....0,4

AP =

0,5 A N f Cu BWe
N P BW

AWG = 9,97 (1,8277 (2 log(d )))

As =

0,45 A N f Cu BWe
N s BW

Aaux =

0,05 AN f Cu BWe
N aux BW

(Eq 22)

AP =

(Eq 23)

(Eq 24)

As =

(Eq 25)

NP =

BWe
dP

(Eq 26)

diameter dp 0,64mm 22 AWG


0,45 108,5mm 2 0,3 12,1
= 2, 20mm 2
4 20,1

diameter ds 2 x 0,8mm 2 x 20 AWG

Aaux =

0,05 108,5mm 2 0,3 12,1


= 0,24mm 2
4 20,1

With the effective bobbin width we check the number


of turns per layer:

0,5 108,5mm 2 0,3 12,1


= 0,31mm 2
30 20,1

diameter da 0,64mm 22 AWG

Primary:
NP =

12,1mm
= 17 turns per layer
0,64 mm

2 layer needed
Secondary:
NS =

12,1mm
= 4 turns per layer
2 0,8mm

Aux.:
Can be neglected !

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Output Rectifier:
The output rectifier diodes in flyback converters are
subject to a large peak and rms current stress. The
values depend on the load, leakage inductance,
operating mode and output capacitor ESR.
Calculation of the maximum reverse voltage:

N
V RDIODE = VOUT + V dcinpk S
NP

(Eq 27)

V RDIODE = 12V + 382V = 62,9V


30

(Eq 28)

I SPK = 2,81A

(Eq 29)

I SRMS = 15,9 A 1 0,47 = 6,7 A


3

Calculation of the maximum current:


I SPK = I LPK

NP
NS

I SRMS = I SPK 1 Dmax


3

30
= 15,9 A
4

To calculate the output capacitor, it is necessary to fix


the maximum voltage overshoot in case of switching
off @ maximum load condition.
Output capacitors are highly stressed in flyback
converters. Normally the capacitor will be selected for After switching off the load, the regulation loop
3 major parameters: capacitance value, low ESR needs about 5...10 periods of internal clock to reduce
the duty cycle.
and ripple current rating.

Output Capacitor:

Max. voltage overshoot: VOUT

VOUT = 0,5V

Number of clock periods: ncp

ncp = 5

C OUT =

I OUTMAX n cp

C OUT =

(Eq 30)

VOUT f

3,33 A 5
= 333F
0,5V 100kHz

Select a capacitor out of SIEMENS/Epcos Databook


of Aluminium Electrolytic Capacitors.
The following types are preferred:

We select 470F 25V:

For 85C Applications:


Series B41826-........

B41826-A5477-M
4000h lifetime

For 105C Applications:


Series B41856-........

2000h lifetime

ESR Zmax = 0,06 @ 100kHz


IacR = 2,2A
ISRMS = 6,7A

10 of 24

3 capacitor in parallel needed!

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Output Filter:
The output filter consists of one capacitor and one
inductor in a L-C filter topology.

Zero frequency of output capacitor and associated


ESR:
f ZCOUT =

1
2 R ESR COUT

(Eq 31)

f ZCOUT =

1
= 5,6kHz
2 0,06 470F

Calculating the needed inductance for substitute the


zero of the output capacitor:
LOUT =

R ESR
2 f ZCOUT

(Eq 32)

LOUT =

0,06
= 0,56 H
2 5,6kHz 3

VCC-Supply:
Start-up Resistor:
ICCLmax = max. Quiescent Current

ICCLmax = 80A

Il = VCC-Capacitor Load-Current

Il = 40A

CVCC = Value of VCC-Capacitor

CVCC = 22F

R start =

V dc min
I CCL max + I l

R start =

(Eq 33)

99V
= 827 k
80 + 40 A

R6 = R7 =1/2 Rstart = 413,5k


Start-up Time:
t start =

CVCC VCCH
Il

Choose: 410k
(Eq 34)

t start =

22 F 12V
= 6,6s
40 A

Internal Zener Diode:


Depending on the transformer construction and load Before the IC can be plugged into the application
condition the auxiliary supply voltage varies within an board, the VCC capacitor has always to be
operating range. If VCC exceeds VZ (16V), the
discharged!
internal zener diode conducts. In this case we have
to observe the internal power dissipation limits or
use an external zener diode on VCC pin.

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Calculation of snubber network:


V snub = V BRDSS V dc max V R

(Eq 35)

V snub = 600V 382V 100V = 118V

For calculating the snubber network it is neccesary to


know the leakage inductance. Most common way is
to have the value of the leakage inductance in
percent of the primary inductance. If it is known that
the transformer construction is very consistent,
measuring the primary leakage inductance by
shorting the secondary windings will give an exact
number, assuming the availability of a good LCR
In our example we choose 5% of primary inductance
analyser.
for leakage inductance.
L LK = Lp x %

L LK = 220H 5% = 11H
2

C snub =

R snub =

I LPK L LK
(V R + Vsnub )V snub

(Vsnub + V R )2 V 2
R

0,5 L LK I LPK f

(Eq 36)

C snub =

(Eq 37)

R snub =

12 of 24

2,12 A 2 11H
= 1,9nF 2,2nF
(100V + 118V )118V

(118V + 100V )2 100V 2


0,5 11H 2,12 A 2 100kHz

= 15,1k 15k

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TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

Calculation of losses:
Input diode bridge:
PDIN = I PRMS V F 2

Calculation of copper resistance:

R PCu =

l N N P p100
AP

PDIN = 1,22 A 1V 2 = 1,96W

(Eq 38)

Copper resistivity p100 at 100C = 0,0172mm /m


(Eq 39)

R PCu =

RSCu =

0,0644m 30 17,2mmm 2 / m
0,33mm 2
0,0644m 4 17,2mmm 2 / m
1,04 mm 2

Calculating of copper loss:


2
PCu = I LPK
D MAX 1 RCu
3

(Eq 40)

= 116,3m

= 4,9m

PPCu = 4,49 A 2 0,47 1 116,3m = 82,2mW


3
PSCu = 252,8 A 2 0,47 1 4,9m = 194mW
3

Output rectifier diode:

PDDIODE = I SPK

1 D max
V FDIODE
3

Cu

(Eq 41)

= 82,2mW + 194mW = 280mW

PDDIODE = 15,9

1 0,47
0,7V = 5,36W
3

MOSFET :
TDA16834
COSS 40pF
RDSON = 1,6 (@ 150C)

Switching losses:
PSON = 1 C OSS V dc2 min f
2

(Eq 42)

PSON = 1 40 pF 99V 2 100kHz = 25mW


2

PSOFF = 1 (V dc min + V R ) I LPK f t r


6

(Eq 43)

PSOFF = 1 (99V + 100V ) 2,12 A 100kHz 30ns = 210mW


6

(Eq 44)

PD = 1 1,6 4,5 A 2 0,47 = 1,13W


3

Conduction losses:
2
PD = 1 R DSON I LPK
Dmax
3

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Voltage regulation loop:


5,5V

Reference: TL431
VREF =2,5V
IKAmin=1mA

3,7k

FB

VFB

Optocoupler: SFH617-3
Gc = 1 ...2 CTR 100% ...200%
VFD = 1,2V
IFmax =10mA (maximum current limit)

Fig. 3

Vout

Primary side:
R3

Feedback voltage:
Values from TDA16831...34 datasheet
Vrefint = 5.5V typ.
VFBmax = 4,8V
RFB = 3,7k typ.

R1

R4
R5

C1
C2

TL431

R2

Fig. 4

I FB max =

I FB min =

V ref int
R FB

V ref int V FB max


R FB

(Eq 45)

I FB max =

5,5V
= 1,5mA
3,7k

(Eq 46)

I FB min =

5,5V 4,8V
= 0,19mA
3,7k

(Eq 47)

12V

R1 = 4,7k
1 = 17,86k
2
,
5
V

(Eq 48)

R3

(Eq 49)

0,2mA
1, 2V + 910 R

1
R4
= 1,4k 1,2k
1mA

Secondary side:

V
R1 = R2 OUT 1

V REF
the value of R2 can be fixed at 4,7k

R3

(VOUT (V FD + V REF ) )
I F max

V FD + R3 FB min
Gc

R4
I KA min

14 of 24

(12V (1,2V + 2,5V )) = 0,83k 910R


10mA

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Regulation loop:

FPWR(p)

VIN

Vout

FLC(p)

KVD

KFB

_
Fr(p)
+
Vref
Fig. 5

Transfer characteristics of regulation loop elements:

K FB =

G C 3k 7
R3

Feedback
GC= Optocoupler gain

K VD =

R2
Vref
=
R1 + R 2 Vout

FPWR ( p ) =

1
Z PWM

Voltage Divider

L P f R L (1 + p R ESR C 5 )

2 RL

RL

1 + p 2 + R ESR C 5

Power stage

ZPWM = Transimpedance VFB/ID

FLC ( p) =

Fr ( p) =

1 + p R ESR C 9

Output filter

1 + p R ESR C 9 + p 2 L C 9

1 + p R 5 (C1 + C 2)
R1 R 2
p
C1 (1 + p R5 C 2)
R1 + R 2

Regulator

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Zeros and Poles of the transfer characteristics:

Poles of powerstage @ min. and max. load:


2

R LH =

VOUT
12V 2
=
= 3,6
PO max
40W

R LL =

V OUT
12V 2
=
= 144
PO min
1W

foh =

1
R LH C 5

foh =

1
= 62,7 Hz
3,6 1410F

fol =

fol =

1
= 1,57 Hz
144 1410 F

R LL C 5

The gain of the optocoupler stage KFB and the voltage divider KVD we use as a constant.

K FB =

G C 3k 7
R3

KFB = 6,6

GFB = 16,4db

K VD =

R2
Vref
=
R1 + R 2 Vout

KVD = 0,208

GVD = -13,6db

With adjustment of the transfer characteristics of the regulator we want to have equal gain within the
operating range and to compensate the pole fo of the powerstage FPWR().
Because of the compensation of the output capacitors zero (see page 10 Eq31, Eq32) we neglect this zero
and the LC-Filter pole.
So the transfer characteristics of the power stage is reduced to a single pole response.
In order to calculate the gain of the open loop we have to select the crossover frequency.
We calculate the gain of the Power-Stage with max. output power at the selected crossover frequency
fg = 3kHz:

ZPWM of TDA16834 =1,3 V/A

Z PWM (t ON ) = Z PWM

1
t ON

tON

t ON T1 + T 1 e T 1

tON

+ 0,6 1 e T 2

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(formula according data sheet page 12)

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with this formula we calculate ZPWM @ max. duty cycle:


Z PWM (t ON ) = 1,3

4,7 s
4,7 s

1
V
V

4,7 s 850ns + 850ns e 850ns + 0,6 1 e 200 ns = 1,8


A 4,7 s
A

Gain @ crossover frequency:

FPWR ( fg ) =

1
Z PWM

R L L p f
1

2
2
fg

1
+

fo

1
3,6 R 220uH 100kHz 0,8
1
FPWR (3kHz ) =

2
1,8
2
1 + 3000
62,7

= 0,065

GPWR(3kHz) = -23,7db

Transfer characteristics:

50 50

Gr()
G
Gain
PWR ( )

GFB

[db]

Gr( )
G FB

GVD

G MOD
0

GPWR()
50

50
1
1

10

3
1 10

100
(i)
2.

4
1 10

1 10
5
1. 10

Fig. 6

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At the crossover frequency we calculate for the open loop gain:


Gol() = Gs () + Gr () = 0.
With the equations of the transfer characteristics we calculate the gain of the regulation loop @ fg.

The gain of the regulation loop we calculate:


Gs = GFB + GPWR + GVD = 16,4db 23,7db 13,6db
Gs = -20,9db

We calculate the separate components of the regulator:

Gs () + Gr () = 0

Fr ( p) =

Gr = 0 (-20,9db) = 20,9db

1 + p R5 (C1 + C 2))
R1 R 2
p
C1 (1 + p R5 C 2)
R1 + R 2

Gr = 20 log

R5 (R1 + R 2)
R1 R 2

Gr

R5 = 10 20

R5 = 10

fp =

1
2 R5 C 2

C2 =

C2 =

20 ,9
20

R1 R 2
R1 + R 2

3,72k = 41,7k 43k

1
2 R5 2 fg

fp = 2*fg

1
= 617 pF 680pF
2 43k 6kHz

In order to have enough phase margin @ low load condition we select the zero frequency of compensation
network at the middle between min. and max. load pole of power stage.
f om = f oh 10
fz =

0,5log

f ol
f oh

1
2 R5 (C1 + C 2)

f om = 62,7 Hz 10

C1 =

C1 =

0,5log

1,57
62,7

= 9,92 Hz

1
C2
2 R5 fom

1
680 pF = 384nF 390nF
2 43k 9,92 Hz

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Open Loop Gain

70
50
Gr( )
Gs( )
G( )

50
60
1
1

10

100

3
1 10

4
1 10

3
1 10

4
1 10

( i)
2.

1 10
5
.
1 10

Fig. 7

Open Loop Phase

10

10

28
r( )
s( )

66

( )
104
0
142

180

180
1
1

10

100
( i)
2.

1 10
5
1. 10

Fig. 8

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TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

Transformer Construction
The winding topology has a considerable influence on the performance and relaibility of the
transformer.
To reduce leakage inductance and proximity to acceptable limits, the use of a sandwich construction is
recommended.
In order to meet international safety requirements a transformer for off-line power supply must have
adequate insulation between primary and secondary winding.
This can be achived by using a margin wound construction or using triple insulated wire for the
secondary winding.
The creepage distance for universal input voltage range is typically 8mm. This sets a minimum margin
width as a half of the creepage distance to 4mm. Additional the neccesary insulation between primary
and secondary winding is provided using three layers of basic insulation tape.

Example of winding topology for margin wound transformers:

BW*
BWe

Primary
second half

Creepage
distance

Secondary
Triple insulation

Auxiliary

Primary
first half

margin

margin

Fig. 9

Example of winding topology with triple insulated wire for secondary winding:

BW*

Primary
second half
Triple Insulated
Wire

Secondary
Auxiliary

Primary
first half

Fig. 10
BW* : value from bobbin datasheet

20 of 24

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TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

Layout Recommendation:

Fig. 11

In order to avoid crosstalk between Power- and Signal-Path on the board we have to use care
regarding the track layout when designing the PCB.
The Power-Path (see Fig. 11) has to be as short as possible and separated from the VCC-Path and
the Feedback-Path. All GND-Paths have to be connected together at pin 8 (star ground) (1 and 14 at
G-type) of TDA16831...34.

21 of 24

AN-SMPS-1683X-1
V1.2

TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

References
[1] Keith Billings, Switch Mode Power Supply Handbook
[2] Ralph E. Tarter, Solid-State Power Conversion Handbook
[3] R. D. Middlebrook and Slobodan Cuk, Advances in Switched-Mode Power
Conversion
[4] Herfurth Michael, Ansteuerschaltungen fr getaktete Stromversorgungen mit
Erstellung eines linearisierten Signalfluplans zur Dimensionierung der Regelung
[5] Herfurth Michael, Topologie, bertragungsverhalten und Dimensionierung hufig
eingesetzter Regelverstrker
[6] TDA16831 4
Off-line SMPS Controller with 600V CoolMOS on Board
Datasheet, Infineon Technologies

Revision History
Application Note AN-SMPS-1683X-1
Actual Release: V1.2 Date:13.03.2000

Previous Release: V1.1

Page of
actual
Rel.

Page of
Subjects changed since last release
prev. Rel.

24

21

Formatting

22 of 24

AN-SMPS-1683X-1
V1.2

TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies

For questions on technology, delivery and prices please contact the Infineon
Technologies Offices in Germany or the Infineon Technologies Companies and
Representatives worldwide: see the address list on the last page or our webpage at

http://www.infineon.com

CoolMOS and CoolSET are trademarks of Infineon Technologies AG.

Edition 2000-03--03
Published by Infineon Technologies AG,
St.-Martin-Strasse 53,
D-81541 Mnchen

Infineon Technologies AG 2000.


All Rights Reserved.
Attention please!
The information herein is given to describe certain components and shall not be considered as warranted characteristics.
Terms of delivery and rights to technical change reserved.
We hereby disclaim any and all warranties, including but not limited to warranties of non-infringement, regarding circuits, descriptions and charts
stated herein.
Infineon Technologies is an approved CECC manufacturer.
Information
For further information on technology, delivery terms and conditions and prices please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies Office in
Germany or our Infineon Technologies Representatives worldwide (see address list).
Warnings
Due to technical requirements components may contain dangerous substances. For information on the types in question please contact your
nearest Infineon Technologies Office.
Infineon Technologies Components may only be used in life-support devices or systems with the express written approval of Infineon
Technologies, if a failure of such components can reasonably be expected to cause the failure of that life-support device or system, or to affect the
safety or effectiveness of that device or system. Life support devices or systems are intended to be implanted in the human body, or to support
and/or maintain and sustain and/or protect human life. If they fail, it is reasonable to assume that the health of the user or other persons may be
endangered.

23 of 24

AN-SMPS-1683X-1
V1.2

TDA16831...-34 for OFF-Line Switch Mode Power Supplies


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AN-SMPS-1683X-1
V1.2