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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.

1.

Pressure, p = hg

2.

Pressure, P=

F
A

1. What is the pressure exerted by the sea on a submarine that has been submerged to a depth
of 50 m below sea level?
(Density of sea water = 1150 kg m-3, gravitational strength = 10 N kg-1.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

5.50 x 104 pa
5.75 x 104 pa
5.75 x 105 pa
5.65 x 105 pa

2. Which of the following statements is true about Pascals Principle?


A.
B.
C.
D.
3.

Force is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted equally in all
direction
Pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, the force will be transmitted equally in all
direction.
Pressure is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted directly
proportional to an area
Force is applied to an enclosed fluid, the pressure will be transmitted inversely
proportional to an area

Which of the following uses Archimedes principle to function?


A.
B.
C.
D.

Hot air balloon


Filter pump
Car brake system
Racing car

4. Diagram 1 shows two identical containers containing liquid R and liquid S.


The horizontal distance of the spurts for both liquids is the same.

Diagram 1
Which of the following is the correct comparison between the density of liquid R
and liquid S?
A.
B.

Density of liquid R = density of liquid S


Density of liquid R > density of liquid S
0

C.
Density of liquid R < density of liquid S
5. A balloon is situated at 15 m below sea level, what is the total pressure experience by the
balloon? [The density of sea water is 1100 kg m-3].
A.
B.
6.

165,000 pa
155,000 pa

C.
D.

245,000 pa
265,000 pa

The atmospheric pressure in Diagram 2 is 76 cm Hg. What is the pressure of the trapped air
P?

Diagram 2
A.
B.
7.

56 cmHg
35 cmHg

C.
D.

45 cmHg
66 cmHg

Which instrument is meant for measuring atmospheric pressure?


A. Carburetor
B.
Siphon Tube
C.
Fortins Barometer
D. Hydrometer

8. Diagram 1.1 shows a water supply system.

Diagram 1.1
Water held in a high reservoir is fed along pipes to houses at lower levels
(a)

Why it is necessary for a water pump to be fitted to the multi-storey building.


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(b) (i)

Calculate the pressure of the water at the point A if the height of the building is 100 m.

[2 marks]
(ii) The occupants at higher floors of a building always complain about low water
pressure.
Give a reason for the low water pressure.
____________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c)

Diagram 1.2 shows the pressure of water is transmitted equally in all direction.

Diagram 1.2
Name the physics principle in the above observation.
_________________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
9. Diagram 9 shows a model of a hydraulic device used for lifting heavy loads. The small piston,
X has a cross-sectional area of 0.028 m2 while the large piston, Y has a cross-sectional area of
0.185 m2. A force of 20 N is exerted on X.

Diagram 9

a) What is Pascals principle?

[2 marks]
b) What is the pressure exerted on the liquid by piston X?

[2 marks]
c)

What is the pressure acting on piston Y?


[1 mark]

d) Suggest ONE possible cause when a hydraulic device fails to work.


3

[1 mark]

KERTAS 3
1.

Diagram 2.1 shows the arrangement of apparatus for an experiment carried out by a student to
investigate the relationship between the depth of sinking, h, of a wooden block and the mass, m,
of slotted weights placed on the wooden block.

Diagram 2.1
The results of the experiment are shown in the graph of h against m in Diagram 2.2.
(a)

Based on the graph in Diagram 2.2,


(i)

(ii)

State the relationship between h and m.


_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Determine the value of h when m = 0.20 kg.
Show on the graph how you determine the value of h.
h = ___________________________ m
[2 marks]

(iii) Calculate the gradient, k of the graph.


Show on the graph how you calculate k.

k= ______________________________mkg-1
[3 marks]
4

(b)

The density of the liquid, is given by the formula,


k

1
A

Where k is the gradient of the graph and A is the cross sectional area of the wooden block.
Given that the cross sectional area of the wooden block, A = 4.0 10-3 m2, calculate the
value of .

= ___________________________
[3 marks]

(c)

The relationship between the buoyant force, F, and the density of the liquid, , is given by F
= gV
where V is the volume of liquid displaced.
Using the answer in 2(b), calculate the buoyant force, F, when the volume of liquid
displaced,
V = 5.0 10-4 m3.
[g = 10 Nkg-1]

F = _________________________ N
[2 marks]
(d)

State one precaution that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the results of the
experiment.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

Graph of h against m

Diagram 2.2

(a)

Pressure exerted on an enclosed liquid

is transmitted equally to every part of the liquid

(b)

F
20 N

A 0.025 m 2

1
1

P = 800 Nm-2
(c)

800 Nm-2

(d)

Presence of air bubles in the liquid


Or leakage of liquid out of the system

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