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Student ScoreCard
Quantitative Ability

Score:0

Percentile:10

Score:0

Percentile:16

Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Score:0

Percentile:13

Overall: Overall

Score:0

Percentile:4

Question: 1
Answer each question independently.
It can be shown using the principles of Physics that the total distance covered by an object thrown from a certain height towards the
ground is the sum of two components - the first component is directly proportional to the time elapsed since the object is thrown and the
second component is directly proportional to the square of the time elapsed since the object is thrown. If a stone thrown from Mt. Everest
covers 1.5 times as much distance in the 5thsecond as it did in the 3rd second after being thrown, what would be the ratio of the distance
covered by the stone in the 11th second to the distance covered in the 9 thsecond?
1)

11 : 9

2)

121 : 81

3)

4:3

4)

6:5

Explanation:

Question: 2
Answer each question independently.

1)

Between 0 and 1

2)

Between 1 and 2

3)

Between 2 and 3

4)

Between 3 and 4

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Explanation:

Question: 3
Answer each question independently.
What is the perpendicular distance between the parallel lines 3x + 4y = 12 and 3x + 4y = 24?
Enter your response using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below.Round off your answer to the nearest one decimal place
[quizky-text]
1)

2.4

2)

3.6

3)

1.8

4)

4.8

Explanation:

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Question: 4
Answer each question independently.
In a party, every person present told one unique joke to every other person present. If a total of 210 jokes were told, how many persons
were present in the party?
1)

14

2)

15

3)

20

4)

12

Explanation:

Question: 5
Answer each question independently.
An ant and a fly are standing at a point along the rim of the base of a hollow right circular cylinder. The height of the cylinder is twice its
radius. They want to reach the diametrically opposite point along the rim of the top of the cylinder. The ant walks along the inner surface of
the cylinder taking shortest possible route whereas the fly directly flies towards that point taking the shortest possible route. If the walking
speed of the ant is half the flying speed of the fly, what is the ratio of the time taken by the ant and the fly to reach the point?
1)

2)

3)

4)
Explanation:

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Question: 6
Answer the question independently.
Sanjay has a few notes of 10 rupees, 20 rupees and 50 rupees. Total number of notes he has is 100 and the total amount with him is Rs.
2310. If the number of 20 rupees notes and 10 rupees notes are interchanged, the total amount with him decreases by Rs. 80. How many
50 rupees notes does he have?
1)

35

2)

25

3)

22

4)

27

Explanation:

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Question: 7
Answer the question independently.
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm is inscribed in a circle. Another circle is in turn inscribed in the hexagon. What is the area of the region
between the two circles (in cm2)?
1)
2)
3)
4)
Explanation:

Question: 8
Answer the question independently.
The 3rd, 5th and 8th terms of an AP are in GP. What is the common ratio of this GP?
Enter your response using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below.Round off your answer to the nearest one decimal place
[quizky-text]
1)

0.5

2)

1.5

3)

4)

Explanation:

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Question: 9
Answer the question independently.
Amar is 80% efficient, Akbar is 50% efficient and Anthony is 40% efficient. If Amar works alone, he finishes a piece of work in 17 days.
How many days will Amar, Akbar and Anthony take to finish the same piece of work if they work together?
1)

9 days

2)

8 days

3)

5 days

4)

12 days

Explanation:

Question: 10
Answer the question independently.
If f(x) = sinx cosx (2 + sinx cosx), which of the following values cannot be taken by f(x)?
1)

2)

3)

4)
Explanation:

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Question: 11
Answer the question independently.
Komal will equally share the number of toffees she has with Dimple only if Dimple correctly answers Komal's riddle. Komal says, "The
number of toffees that I have is equal to the sum of twice the product of the digits of the number and the number obtained by raising one
digit to the power of the other digit." How many toffees can Dimple receive if she answers the riddle correctly?
1)

13

2)

26

3)

24

4)

31

Explanation:

Question: 12
Answer the question independently.

1)

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2)
3)

16

4)
Explanation:

Question: 13
Answer the question independently.
A milkman adds water equal to 10% of the volume of pure milk before he sells the mixture. He further marks the price of the adulterated
milk up by 10% of price of pure milk. What discount he should offer on the marked price so that he will have no-profit no-loss?
1)

17.4%

2)

21%

3)

18%

4)

20%

Explanation:

Question: 14
Answer the question independently.

1)

2)

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3)

4)

Explanation:

Question: 15
Answer the question independently.

Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
x = [quizky-text]o
1)

25

2)

20

3)

30

4)

35

Explanation:

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Question: 16
Answer the question independently.

1)

Arithmetic Progression

2)

Geometric Progression

3)

Harmonic Progression

4)

None of these

Explanation:

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Question: 17
Answer the question independently.
Hitler and Stalin have a few pencils. If Hitler gives 24 pencils to Stalin, the ratio of number of pencils with Hitler to number of pencils with
Stalin becomes reciprocal of its initial value. How many pencils should Hitler give Stalin so that they now have equal number of pencils?
1)

12

2)

3)

18

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:
Suppose the initial ratio is a : b. If Hitler gives 24 pencils to Stalin, the new ratio becomesb : a. That means the number of pencils with
Hitler and Stalin get interchanged. Thatmeans Hitler has 24 more pencils than Stalin has. Therefore Hitler should give 12 pencilsto Stalin
so that the number of pencils with them will be equal. Hence [1].
Question: 18
Answer the question independently.
What is the remainder when the sum of the squares of any 20 consecutive odd numbers is divided by 40?
Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
[quizky-text]
1)

2)

20

3)

30

4)

10

Explanation:

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Question: 19
Answer the question independently.
2log9x = log3(9x). How many real solutions exist for this equation?

1)

Zero

2)

One

3)

Two

4)

More than 2

Explanation:

Question: 20
Answer the question independently.
If the exterior angles of a quadrilateral are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 7 : 6 (in no particular order), then what can be said about the quadrilateral?
1)

2)

3)

4)

It is neither a trapezium nor a cyclic quadrilateral.

Explanation:
The sum of the exterior angles of a quadrilateral is 360 degrees. Therefore, the four exterior anglesare 40, 60, 140 and 120 degrees.
Therefore, the four interior angles are 140, 120, 40 and60 degrees.If angles having measures of 140 & 40 degrees and 120 & 60 degrees
are the two pairs ofopposite angles, the quadrilateral is a cyclic quadrilateral.
If angles having measures of 140 & 40 degrees and 120 & 60 degrees are the two pairs of angles having one side of quadrilateral in

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common, the quadrilateral is a trapezium. Hence, [3].

Question: 21
Answer the question independently.
The average of 8 natural numbers is 16. The smallest among these numbers is 10. At most how many numbers can be greater than the
average?
1)

2)

3)

4)

Explanation:

Question: 22
Answer the question independently.

Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
[quizky-text]
1)

12

2)

30

3)

24

4)

15

Explanation:

Question: 23
Answer the question independently.

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1)

4 cm

2)

2 cm

3)

8 cm

4)

6 cm

Explanation:

Question: 24
Answer the question independently.
There are 30 questions in a multiple choice test with 4 options, outof which only one option is correct. In how many ways can one answer
all the questions such thatalternate questions are correct?
1)
2)

316

3)
4)

315

Explanation:

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Question: 25
Answer the question independently.
Average speed of Mumbai-Amritsar Paschim Express is 60 km per hour. If the halting time of Paschim Express at different stations is
excluded, its average speed becomes 75 km per hour. On an average for how many minutes per hour does Paschim Express halt at
different stations?
Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
[quizky-text]minutes
1)

10

2)

12

3)

15

4)

20

Explanation:

Question: 26
Answer the question independently.
A box contains 6 books on Mathematics, 8 books on Economics, 5 books on History, 4 books on Philosophy and 7 books on Politics.
What is the minimum number of books one should take out of the box to ensure that at least one book on each of the five subjects has
been picked up?
1)

27

2)

3)

23

4)

29

Explanation:

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Total number of books is 30 and the least number of books are on Philosophy (4 books).
Therefore in the worst case scenario, one can take out 26 books without getting a single
book on Philosophy. However, if one more book is taken out, at least one book on each of
the subjects would have been obtained. Hence [1]
Question: 27
Answer the question independently.

1)

0 12

2)

3)

4)

14

Explanation:

Question: 28
Answer the question independently.

1)
2)

3)

4)
Explanation:

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Question: 29
Answer the question independently.
The average age of 150 employees in an organisation increases by 0.05 when a new employee joins. After this, an employee leaves the
organisation because of which the average age reduces by 0.03. What is the difference between the ages of the new employee and the
employee who left the organisation?
1)

1.5 years

2)

3 years

3)

2 years

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

Question: 30
Answer the question independently.
How many of the following three numbers are prime?
a. 2245+ 1 b. 2246+ 1 c. 2247+ 1
1)

2)

3)

4)

Explanation:

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Question: 31
Answer the question independently.

1)

2)

3)

4)
Explanation:

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Question: 32
Answer the question independently.
If the same number 'n' is subtracted from 60, 80 and 110, the resulting numbers are in GP. What is the sum of the three numbers in GP?
Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
[quizky-text]
1)

190

2)

200

3)

180

4)

220

Explanation:

Question: 33
Answer the question independently.
If 3 litres of a solution having water and honey in the ratio 4 : 5 are mixed with 2 litres of another solution having honey and water in the
ratio 4 : 3, what would be the ratio of water and honey in the resultant solution?
1)

59 : 46

2)

46 : 59

3)

52 : 53

4)

53 : 52

Explanation:

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Question: 34
Answer the question independently.
The number of ordered pairs of whole numbers (a,b) satisfying the equation 3a + 4b = 150 is
1)

12

2)

13

3)

50

4)

38

Explanation:

Question: 35
In the following question, there are sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of
sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Enter in thebox
provided below the letters corresponding only to the correct sentences.
Note: Your answer should be in letters and in alphabetical order.Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer in the box provided below

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[quizky-text]
1)

BCE

2)

A, C & D

3)

C, B & E

4)

A, B & D

Explanation:
In A, the preposition 'of' is used incorrectly instead of 'off' before 'the northern tip'. D suffers from a parallel construction error: the verb
'transport' is parallel to 'quarry', 'trim' and 'dress' in C, so they should all be in the same tense, viz. the simple past tense ('transported').
The rest of the statements - B, C and E - are fully correct. Hence, [BCE].
Question: 36
In the following question, there are sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of
sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Enter in thebox
provided below the letters corresponding only to the correct sentences.
Note: Your answer should be in letters and in alphabetical order.Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer in the box provided below

[quizky-text]
1)

2)

A&E

3)

A, B & C

4)

C, D & E

Explanation:
In B, the correct form of the verb 'emerge' in B should be 'emerging', not 'emerged'. 'Once-time' in C is incorrect - the correct phrase is
'one-time'. In D, the correct verb should be 'waited', not 'awaited' ('awaited' should not be followed by 'for', and should be followed by a
noun phrase). The article 'an' is missing before 'email' in E. Therefore, only A is fully correct. Hence, [A].
Question: 37
In the following question, there are sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of
sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Enter in thebox
provided below the letters corresponding only to the correct sentences.

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Note: Your answer should be in letters and in alphabetical order.Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer in the box provided below

[quizky-text]
1)

CE

2)

A, C & D

3)

B, D & E

4)

A&B

Explanation:
In A, 'disingenious' is an incorrect spelling - the correct one should be 'disingenuous', meaning 'dishonest'. In B, there is a preposition 'in'
missing before 'profusion' (alternately, the noun 'profusion' should be replaced with the adverb form 'profusely'). 'All manners of' in D is
incorrect - the correct idiomatic phrase is 'all manner of', meaning 'all types of'. Only C and E are fully correct. Hence, [CE].
Question: 38
Four alternative summaries are given below each text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.
Layers of redundancy are the central risk management property of natural systems. We humans have two kidneys, extra spare parts, and
extra capacity in many, many things (say, lungs, neural system, arterial apparatus). On the other hand, human behaviour tends to be
spare and inversely redundant, so to speak - we have a historical track record of engaging in debt, which is the opposite of redundancy
(fifty thousand in extra cash in the bank or, better, under the mattress, is redundancy; owing the bank an equivalent amount, that is, debt,
is the opposite of redundancy).
1)

Natural systems, such as human bodies, tend to have redundant parts, while human behaviour, such as getting into debt, is
the opposite of redundant.

2)

Human body parts are naturally redundant as a form of risk management, while humans have to save money in order to do
the same.

3)

The principles of redundancy can be applied to natural systems, such as human bodies, but not to human behaviour, which
tends to be non-redundant.

4)

Human bodies tend to have redundant parts as a form of risk management, but human behaviour can be both redundant
(saving money) and the opposite (going into debt).

Explanation:
In this passage, the word 'redundancy' pertains to a part in a machine, system, or the human body, that has the same function as another
part and exists so that the entire system will not fail if the identical part fails. The 'engaging in debt' example given in the passage shows
that human behaviour tends to be inversely redundant. So [2], which fails to mention this point, is not a full summary. [4], which gives
equal prominence to redundant and non-redundant behaviour, is also incorrect, as it wrongly suggests that humans indulge in both
equally. The paragraph mentions examples of redundancy, but not the 'principles of redundancy', so [3] reads more like an inference
rather than a summary. Only [1] is a fully correct and comprehensive summary. Hence, [1].
Question: 39
Four alternative summaries are given below each text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.
Scientists have known for decades that DNA, a long and active molecule, can tangle itself into some horrific snarls. What they didn't grasp
was why these snarls don't choke our cells. In recent years, scientists have turned to an obscure branch of mathematics called knot theory
for answers. They have effectively run simulations of DNA inside a busy nucleus by putting a long, thin rope in a box and jostling it. The
rope ends proved quite adept at snaking their way through the rope's coils, and surprisingly complicated knots, with up to eleven

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crossings, formed in just seconds. (You have probably experienced this if you've ever dropped earphones into a bag and tried to pull them
out later.)
1)

Scientists have turned to knot theory to understand more about why DNA gets tangled; this involved a rope jostling in a box,
just as earphones jostle in a bag.

2)

Scientists knew that DNA could get badly tangled without choking our cells; so in order to understand more, they have
turned to knot theory, which involved jostling a rope in a box.

3)

Though scientists have known for decades that DNA could get tangled up, they did not understand why until recently,
through experiments in knot theory.

4)

Experiments in knot theory, which involve simulations with a rope in a box, have helped scientists conclusively understand
more about how DNA gets tangled up.

Explanation:
The earphone example is merely a parenthetical aside, and does not need to be included in the summary, so [1] is incorrect. [3], which
does not mention what the experiment was, is incomplete. The paragraph merely states that scientists have turned to knot theory for
answers - it does not mention whether they got the necessary answers. So [4], which claims that they did, is incorrect. Only [2] suitably
summarizes the paragraph. Hence, [2].
Question: 40
Four alternative summaries are given below each text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text.
I don't know whether it is that I am built wrong, but I never did seem to hanker after tombstones myself. I know that the proper thing to do,
when you get to a village or town, is to rush off to the churchyard, and enjoy the graves; but it is a recreation that I always deny myself. I
take no interest in creeping round dim and chilly churches behind wheezy old men, and reading epitaphs. Not even the sight of a bit of
cracked brass let into a headstone affords me what I call real happiness.
1)

I don't know why, but I really don't like visiting churches to see tombstones whenever I go to a new village or town.

2)

Tombstones just don't interest me anymore, so I have stopped going to churches to see them, though it's something people
generally do when visiting a new place.

3)

I don't know what has caused my lack of interest in tombstones: though I like going to churches in new places, I don't want
to see the tombstones.

4)

I am just not interested in tombstones, though people generally go to churches to see tombs whenever visiting a village or
town.

Explanation:
Option [1] fails to mention an important point - that visiting churches to see tombstones is something that one is expected to do upon
reaching a new village or town. [3] wrongly states that the author likes going to churches. 'Anymore' in [2] suggests that the author was
once interested in tombstones, which contradicts the paragraph, where he says he was never interested. Only [4] is a correct summary.
Hence, [4].
Question: 41
The sentences given in the question below when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter.
Enter in the box provided below the most logical order of sentences to construct a coherent paragraph.
Note: Your answer should be a combination of letters indicating the order of the sentences .Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer

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[quizky-text]
1)

EBCDA

2)

EDACB

3)

BDAEC

4)

BCADE

Explanation:
E and B make a similar point about the creative power of sleep, so they are linked. A, C and D all provide examples of the same, so they
should follow E and B. D with "In the Arts" will follow C. A will conclude the paragraph. Hence, [EBCDA].
Question: 42
The sentences given in the question below when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter.
Enter in the box provided below the most logical order of sentences to construct a coherent paragraph.
Note: Your answer should be a combination of letters indicating the order of the sentences .Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer

[quizky-text]
1)

DACEB

2)

CEBDA

3)

DCEBA

4)

CEDBA

Explanation:
At first glance, either C or D could start the sequence; but a further reading shows that D doesn't really fit later in the paragraph. So we
start with D. 'Both theories' in A clearly links to D, so we get DA. C elaborates on the point made by A, so it follows A. B clears up a
difficulty mentioned in E, so we get the EB link. Thus the correct sequence is DACEB. Hence, [DACEB].
Question: 43

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The sentences given in the question below when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter.
Enter in the box provided below the most logical order of sentences to construct a coherent paragraph.
Note: Your answer should be a combination of letters indicating the order of the sentences .Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer

[quizky-text]
1)

CAEBD

2)

BEACD

3)
4)

CEDAB

Explanation:
C begins the paragraph by introducing the topic of anthropologists calling certain groups 'savages'. 'This' in A refers to this practice, so we
get a CA link. E explains what the anthropologists meant and why it wasn't meant as an insult. B mentions the next stage in the civilization
process, 'barbarism'. D ends the paragraph, with the culture in question reaching the final stage of civilization. Thus, the correct sequence
is CAEBD. Hence, [CAEBD].
Question: 44
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Most people have heard about the left-brain/right-brain idea. Maybe they have been told they're too 'left-brained' or want to be more 'rightbrained'. The idea has made it into everyday parlance, has infiltrated schools everywhere, sells a lot of self-help books, and has even
been used as the basis of scientific theories, for example with regards to gender differences in the brain. Yet it is an idea that makes no
physiological sense.
Scientific lingo about how the two sides of the brain - the hemispheres - function has permeated mainstream culture, but the research is
often wildly over-interpreted. The notion that the two hemispheres of the brain are involved in different 'modes of thinking' and that one
hemisphere dominates over the other has become widespread, in particular in schools and the workplace. There are numerous websites
where you can find out whether you are left-brained or right-brained and which offer to teach you how to change this.
This is pseudo-science and is not based on knowledge of how the brain works. While it is true that the brain is made up of two
hemispheres and one hemisphere is often initially active before the other during actions, speech and perception, both sides of the brain
work together in almost all situations, tasks and processes. The hemispheres are in constant communication with each other and it simply
is not possible for one hemisphere to function without the other hemisphere 'joining in', except in certain rare patient populations. In other
words, you are not right- or left-brained. You use both sides of the brain.
Some people have proposed that education currently favours left-brain modes of thinking, which are supposed to be logical, analytical and
accurate, while not putting enough emphasis on right-brain modes of thinking, which are supposed to be creative, intuitive, emotional and
subjective. Certainly education should involve a wide variety of tasks, skills, learning and modes of thinking. However, it is just a metaphor
to refer to these as right-brain or left-brain modes. Patients who have had a lesion in their right hemisphere are not devoid of creativity.
Patients with a damaged left hemisphere might be unable to produce language (which relies on the left hemisphere in over 90% of the
population) but can still be analytical.
Whether left-brain/right-brain notions should influence the way people are educated is highly questionable. There is no validity in
categorizing people in terms of their abilities as either a left-brain or a right-brain person. In terms of education, such categorization might
even act as an impediment to learning, not least because it might be interpreted as being innate or fixed to a large degree. Yes, there are

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large individual differences in cognitive strengths. But the idea that people are left-brained or right-brained needs to be retired.
Choose a suitable title for this passage.
1)

2)

3)

4)

Are you Left-brained or Right-brained?

Explanation:
Throughout this passage, the author argues that the two hemispheres of the brain work together, and one is not dominant over the other.
She criticizes the popular left-brain/right-brain idea, and states that it has no scientific basis. Thus, the most suitable title is [2], which
identifies the left-brain/right-brain distinction as a myth. 'Dilemma' in [1] falsely suggests a choice to be made. The second half of [3]
implies that it is not known whether the difference is true or not, while the author categorically asserts that it isn't true. Since the concept of
left-brained or right-brained is incorrect, [4] is not a valid title either. Hence, [2].
Question: 45
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
What is the style of this passage?
1)

Descriptive

2)

Narrative

3)

Argumentative

4)

Analytical

Explanation:
This passage is argumentative in style: the author debunks the left-brain/right-brain distinction as popularly understood and says it has no
scientific basis. Furthermore, he is of the opinion that 'the idea that people are left-brained or right-brained needs to be retired'. What
description and analysis there is serves only to support the author's argument. There is no narration whatsoever. Hence, [3].
Question: 46
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
There is no difference between the functions of the right and left hemispheres of the human brain.
Based on this passage, we can say that this statement is:
1)

Probably true.

2)

Definitely true.

3)

Probably false.

4)

Definitely false.

Explanation:
The main point of this passage is that there is, generally speaking, not much difference between the two hemispheres of the human brain,
and that the idea that people are predominantly 'left-brained' or 'right-brained' is a myth. However, the last sentence of paragraph 4 states
that language relies on the left hemisphere in over 90% of the population, and that patients with a damaged left hemisphere might be
unable to produce language. So there is at least one significant difference between the functions of the two hemispheres. Therefore, the
statement, which claims that there is no difference, is definitely false. Hence, [4].
Question: 47
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
According to the author, how should the concept of left-brain/right-brain thinking be used in education?
1)

Educational policies should not differentiate between left-brain and right-brain thinking, because people have trouble
switching from one kind to the other.

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2)

Educational policies should focus on left-brain/right-brain modes of thinking only in metaphorical terms, not as literal
descriptions of the working of the brain.

3)

Educators should not categorize people as being left-brained or right-brained, as it wrongly suggests that such differences
are innate and unchangeable.

4)

Educators should use the left-brain/right-brain categorization with caution, as it could be an impediment to learning because
some people can think only in one mode.

Explanation:
Refer to the last two paragraphs, where the author mentions the use of the concept of left-brain/right-brain thinking in education.
According to her, if the difference is emphasized, it may be counterproductive and prevent learning, as some people may think that the
categorization is innate or fixed. This is what is given in [3]. While [2] is true in itself, it fails to point out that the author is ultimately against
the concept of left-brain/right-brain thinking being used in education. The second halves of both [1] and [4] contradict the passage. Hence,
[3].
Question: 48
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
If you think that humans are destroying the planet in a way that's historically unprecedented, you're suffering from a species-level delusion
of grandeur. We're not even the first creatures to pollute the Earth so much that other creatures go extinct. Weirdly, it turns out that that's a
good thing. If it hadn't been for a number of upstart microbes causing an environmental apocalypse over 2 billion years ago, human beings
and our ancestors never would have evolved. Indeed, Earth's history is full of apocalyptic scenarios where mass death leads to new kinds
of life. To appreciate how these strange catastrophes work, we'll have to travel back in time to our planet's beginnings.
Earth is roughly 4.5 billion years old, and for most of its life the atmosphere would have been noxious for humans and all the creatures
that live here now. Vast acidic oceans roiled in what today's environmental scientists would call an extreme greenhouse climate: the air
was superheated and filled with methane and carbon. Our planet's surface, now covered in cool water and crusty soil, was bubbling with
magma. The solar system had formed relatively recently, and chunks of rock hurtled between the young planets - often landing on them
with fiery explosions. It was on this poisonous, inhospitable world that life began.
About 2.5 billion years ago, early in an eon that geologists call the Proterozoic, a few hardy microbes who could breathe in this
environment drifted to the surface of the oceans. These microbes, called cyanobacteria (or blue-green algae), knit themselves into
wrinkled mats of vegetation. They looked like black, frothy coats of slime on the water, trailing long, feathery tendrils beneath the waves.
All that remains of this primordial ooze are enigmatic fossils that hide inside a distinctive type of ancient, spherical rock called a
stromatolite. If you slice a stromatolite down the middle, you'll see thin, dark lines curving across its inner surface like the whorls in a
fingerprint - these are all that remain of those algal mats.
Knowing when the oldest stromatolites were created helps us date an event which changed Earth forever. The mats of algae that became
stromatolites weren't just methane-loving scum. They were also filling the atmosphere with a gas that was deadly to them: oxygen. This is
how the first environmental disaster on Earth began.
Just like plants today, ancient blue-green algae nourished themselves using photosynthesis, a molecular process that converts light and
water into chemical energy. Cyanobacteria were the first organisms to evolve photosynthesis, and they did it by absorbing photons from
sunlight and water molecules from the ocean. Water molecules are made up of three atoms: two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom
(hence the chemical formula H2O). To nourish themselves, the algae used photons to smash water molecules apart, taking the hydrogen
to use as an energy source and releasing the oxygen molecules. This proved to be such a winning adaptation to Earth's primordial
environment that cyanobacteria spread across the face of the planet, eventually exhaling enough oxygen to set off a cascade of chemical
processes that leached methane and other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. The dominant form of life on Earth ultimately
released so much oxygen that it changed the climate dramatically, soon extinguishing most of the life-forms that thrived in a carbon-rich
atmosphere.
In the first sentence of the passage, the author criticizes human beings':
1)

Hubris.

2)

Neurosis.

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3)

Genesis.

4)

Catharsis.

Explanation:
In the first sentence, the author criticizes human beings for being conceited enough to believe that they are the first ones to be destroying
the planet. She is criticizing human beings' 'delusion of grandeur' or 'hubris', which means 'excessive pride or arrogance'. 'Neurosis' (a
mental disorder involving anxiety, hysteria, etc.), 'genesis' (origin) and 'catharsis' (purging of emotions) do not fit into this context at all.
Hence, [1].
Question: 49
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
How did the cyanobacteria of the Proterozoic eon cause an environmental apocalypse?
1)

By releasing so much methane and carbon that an extreme greenhouse climate resulted

2)

By releasing so much methane and carbon and using up so much water that the oceans turned acidic

3)

By releasing so much oxygen that they poisoned themselves and all other life forms on Earth

4)

By releasing so much oxygen that it reduced the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, causing drastic climate change

Explanation:
Refer to the second and third paragraphs. The atmosphere of the Earth already consisted of carbon and methane prior to the Proterozoic
eon, the oceans were already acidic, and the climate was an 'extreme greenhouse' one. The cyanobacteria of the Proterozoic eon in fact
used up the carbon and methane and released oxygen (as per the last two paragraphs). Thus [1] and [2] are incorrect. Though the author
refers to oxygen as 'deadly' to the life forms of the time, there is no mention of it poisoning all the life forms of the Proterozoic eon. Thus
[3] is also wrong. Only [4] is correct, as is stated in the last two sentences of the passage. Hence, [4].
Question: 50
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
What are stromatolites?
1)

Mats of cyanobacteria that used to float on the surface of the primordial oceans

2)

Fossils of blue-green algae that used to be found in the primordial oceans

3)

Ancient rocks that contains fossils of the cyanobacteria that used to float in primordial oceans

4)

The thin, dark lines found on the inside of ancient rocks that are the remains of ancient blue-green algae from the primordial
oceans

Explanation:
Refer to paragraph 3. It is stated clearly that 'stromatolites' refers to the type of ancient rocks in which fossils of the cyanobacteria (aka
blue-green algae) are found, and not to the cyanobacteria themselves, or their fossils, or the patterns seen within these rocks. Hence, [3].
Question: 51
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Which of the following can be definitely inferred from this passage?
1)

Life began on Earth sometime between 2.5 and 4.5 billion years ago.

2)

Life could not have begun on Earth if it had initially had an oxygen-rich atmosphere as it does now.

3)

Cyanobacteria, who first evolved photosynthesis, were the ancestors of plants, who use the same mechanism today.

4)

It is acceptable for human beings to pollute the Earth so much that other creatures go extinct, because such events in the
past are what led to us evolving.

Explanation:
According to the second paragraph, life began on Earth when it was a 'poisonous, inhospitable world'; but we cannot infer that it could not
have begun if Earth had had an oxygen-rich atmosphere as it does now. So [2] is ruled out. While the last paragraph does state that

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cyanobacteria were the first organisms to evolve photosynthesis, the same mechanism used by plants today, it cannot be inferred that the
former are the ancestors of the latter. So [3] is only partially correct. Though the author argues that the human beings are not the first to
pollute the Earth on a large-scale, that does not mean that it's acceptable to do so. So [4] is incorrect as well. Only [1] can be inferred from
the dates given for the formation of the Earth in the second paragraph and appearance of the cyanobacteria in the third paragraph - life on
Earth must have evolved at some point between these two events. Hence, [1].
Question: 52
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does
not fit into the context?

1)

[1]

2)

[2]

3)

[3]

4)

[4]

Explanation:
Sentences [3] and [4] talk about how Mongol women ruled at home while the men were away. While [2] does not mention the Mongols
specifically, it makes a similar point. These three sentences can be logically connected in the sequence [3]-[4]-[2]. Only [1] does not fit into
this sequence, as it talks about Mongol women suffering 'horrendous fates', which is in contrast to the rest of the sentences. Hence, [1].
Question: 53
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does
not fit into the context?

1)

[1]

2)

[2]

3)

[3]

4)

[4]

Explanation:

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The first two sentences may suggest that the topic of the paragraph is on the practice of 'verbing' nouns. But the remaining two sentences
show that the topic is in fact the negative views regarding the American influence on the English language, with the verbing of nouns being
only an example of such influence. [2] makes no mention of the American influence on English. Thus, [2] does not fit into the context,
while the other three can be arranged in a logical sequence: [4]-[3]-[1]. Hence, [2].
Question: 54
Three out of four sentences in the options, when correctly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Which of the following sentences does
not fit into the context?

1)

[1]

2)

[2]

3)

[3]

4)

[4]

Explanation:
Sentences [1], [3] and [4] are about issues involving women's appearance. [1] introduces the topic by bringing in views held by Western
feminists on such issues. [4] and [3] mention some examples of the same. [2] focuses on a different issue - women's health care - and
thus does not fit into this sequence. Hence, [2].
Question: 55
Read the short passage given below and answer the question that follows.
Now that we know planets are common throughout our galaxy, we are obsessed with finding out if they are like the planets in our solar
system. We can hardly bring ourselves to think of other solar systems except in terms of how they compare to our own. Do they have
multiple planets, like ours does? Do they orbit in a plane? Are their Jupiter-size planets far away from the star, too? Reports of individual
planets mostly appear when those planets are tantalizingly close to Earth's size, Earth's mass, or Earth's 'Goldilocks' distance from the
sun, which allows the presence of liquid water. We want the universe to be a funhouse mirror, reflecting back a slightly warped - but
recognizable - version of ourselves.
Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the author's argument?
1)

Planets in other solar systems that do not have liquid water or are significantly bigger or smaller than Earth do not receive
adequate study.

2)

Though planets in other solar systems that are different from Earth might provide new insights into the workings of the
universe, they are mostly ignored.

3)

There is a huge variety of planets and planetoids within our own solar system, so this obsession with the planets in other
solar systems is pointless.

4)

We know of only one solar system where life has evolved - i.e. our own - so it makes sense to compare the planets of other
solar systems to those of our own.

Explanation:
In this paragraph, the author criticizes the fact that people are interested in planets outside our solar system only insofar as they resemble

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those of our solar system, particularly the Earth. So [2], which states that people ignore the planets that are not similar to those in our solar
system despite the possible insights that could be revealed by them, strengthens the author's argument. [1] merely repeats the author's
point, without adding anything new, so it cannot be said to strengthen the argument. The author does not suggest that planets in other
solar systems should not be studied - quite the opposite in fact - so [3] does not strengthen the argument at all. [4] weakens the argument,
as it explains why people are more interested in planets in other solar systems that resemble the ones in our own. Hence, [2].
Question: 56
Read the short passage given below and answer the question that follows.
All the 42,420 people who worked for Axis Bank, the third-largest private sector bank in India, in 2013-14 were designated as officers.
Kotak Mahindra Bank and Yes Bank are some of the other leading banks that had a similar employee profile. In private banks, only 21 per
cent of the nearly 300,000 employees fall in the category of clerks. This skew means that the entire banking system in India is now biased
towards officers. 'In 1975 when I joined the banking system, a branch with 20 employees used to have not more than three officers, the
rest being clerks,' says SS Shishodia, president of All India Bank Officers' Association. 'The entire banking system used to have the same
officer-clerk ratio. Now the ratio is close to 1 in PSU banks.'
Which of the following, if true, best explains this recent imbalance of officers and clerks in Indian banks?
1)

Recent changes in technology, such as computerization, have rendered clerical functions redundant.

2)

Nowadays, people who want to work in banks prefer to apply for officer positions rather than clerical ones.

3)

Clerks tend to belong to unions and so are more likely demand benefits such as overtime pay and conveyance, as
compared to officers.

4)

Some private banks increasingly prefer to consider sales executives and others doing similar tasks as officers, though
previously they came within the category of clerks.

Explanation:
Option [2] would be a suitable explanation only if we additionally assume that because of the higher number of applicants for officer
positions, banks have increased their number; since this is not necessarily the case, [2] can be ruled out. [3] is a perfectly reasonable
explanation as to why banks would prefer to hire more officers than clerks; however, it does not explain why this is a recent trend rather
than a general state of affairs. [4] simply mentions a change in the categorization of employees in recent years, but fails to explain why
this change occurred; also, it talks only about private banks, so it does not apply to all banks. Only [1] correctly explains why banks
nowadays have fewer people working in clerical positions than in officer ones. Hence, [1].
Question: 57
Read the short passage given below and answer the question that follows.
At the moment, linguistics is far from accessible. It's very rarely taught in schools. Even in higher education it's a minority subject. For
some reason, it's perceived, when it's perceived at all, as obscure. But language and communication touch every aspect of our lives. Do
people assume it's too difficult, too technical a subject to be introduced to children? No more difficult than mathematics and no more
technical than biology.
What is the author's assumption in this argument?
1)

2)

3)

Subjects that are relevant to our lives should be taught in schools.

4)

Even obscure subjects should be taught in schools if they are relevant to our lives.

Explanation:
Option [1] is what the author is arguing for, i.e. it is the conclusion, not the assumption in his argument. The author states that difficult and
technical subjects like mathematics and biology are already taught in schools, so [2] cannot be said to be an assumption. According to the
author, linguistics is not obscure, so [4] is irrelevant. He argues that since 'language and communication touch every aspect of our lives',
linguistics should be taught in schools, so his assumption must be that subjects that are relevant to our lives should be taught in schools.
Hence, [3].

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Question: 58
In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in
which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.
Keep
1)

She has to get a job to pay for her keep.

2)

If you want to learn to play the piano well, you must keep at it.

3)

The tourists followed the guide as he showed them around the castle keep.

4)

We don't know much about our neighbours - they keep with themselves.

Explanation:
'Keep' in [1] correctly means 'financial support' or 'upkeep'. 'Keep at' in [2] is also correct, as it means 'to persist in doing something'. In [3],
'keep' refers to the 'innermost and strongest structure or central tower of a medieval castle'. Only in [4] is the usage of 'keep' incorrect: the
correct phrase should be 'keep to themselves' (meaning 'to remain aloof'), and not 'keep with themselves'. Hence, [4].
Question: 59
In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in
which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.
Through
1)

Only those who see everything through rose-coloured glasses could see a positive side to this mess.

2)

The students partied all night to celebrate being through with their exams.

3)

4)

My report was not as through as my boss wanted.

Explanation:
'See something through rose-coloured glasses' is an idiomatic phrase meaning 'consider something as being more pleasant than it really
is'. So [1] is correct. 'To be through with something' is 'to be done with it', so [2] is correct as well. 'Through and through' in [3] correctly
means 'completely', 'entirely' or 'fundamentally'. Only in [4] is the word used wrongly - the correct word should be 'thorough', meaning
'attentive to detail'. Hence, [4].
Question: 60
In the following question, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in
which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.
Face
1)

The shopkeeper rudely shut the shop door on the beggar boy's face.

2)

The new guidelines fly in the face of all the instructions we have received previously.

3)

He won't apologize for his mistake, as he believes that that would mean losing face.

4)

One look at her long face was enough to tell me that she had failed.

Explanation:
To 'fly in the face of something' means to 'be the opposite of what is usual or accepted'. To 'lose face' is to 'be humiliated' or 'lose status'.
A 'long face' is a 'sad or gloomy expression'. So [2], [3] and [4] are correct. Only [1] is incorrect: the correct idiomatic phrase should be 'in
someone's face', meaning 'in a confrontational way that shows annoyance or contempt', not 'on someone's face'. Hence, [1].
Question: 61
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Why are science fiction and fantasy so often grouped together? Obviously, because they share readership and so are well placed together

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in book stores. And, of course, some of us write both! Still, there are very real differences.
Fantasy is the mother genre - e.g. Gilgamesh, the Iliad, Odyssey and most religions. Science fiction is the brash offshoot. All literature has
deep roots in fantasy, which in turn emerges from the font of our dreams.
Having said that, what is my definition of the separation? I think it is very basic, revolving around the notion of human improvability: Do you
believe it is possible for children to learn from the mistakes of their parents?
For all the courage and heroism shown by fantasy characters across 4000 years of great, compelling dramas - nothing ever changes! In
The Lord of the Rings, Aragorn may be a better king than Sauron would have been - but he's still a king. And the palantir on his desk that
lets him see faraway places and converse with viceroys across the realm is still reserved for the super elite. No way are we going to see
mass-produced palantirs appearing on every peasant's tabletop from Rohan to the Shire. (The way our civilization plopped such a miracle
on your tabletop.)
Fantasy has its attractions. Something about feudalism resonates, deep inside us. We fantasize about being the king or wizard. The core
thing about fantasy tales is that, after the adventure is done and the bad guys are defeated ... the social order stays the same. Science
fiction, in sharp contrast, considers the possibility of learning and change.
Not that children always choose to learn from their parent's mistakes! When they don't, when they are obstinately stupid and miss
opportunities, you can get a sci-fi tragedy - which is far more horrible than anything 'tragic' in Aristotle's Poetics. Aristotle says tragedy is
Oedipus writhing futilely against fate. A sci-fi tragedy portrays people suffering, same as in older tragedies ... but with this crucial
difference: things did not have to be this way. It wasn't 'fate'. We - or the characters - could have done better. There was, at some point, a
chance to change our own destiny.
Even if we make kids who are better than us (which is our goal, after all), their Startrekkian heirs will still have some problems. Why insist
that our descendants have to fret over the same ones? Can't they assume the solutions we find, take them for granted, and move on to
new, interesting issues of their own? Isn't that what we did?
The implicit assumption in most fantasy is that the form of governance that ruled most human societies since the discovery of grain must
always govern us. Oh, kingly rulers may topple and shift, but the abiding assumptions and social castes generally do not. And when an
author resists that assumption, he/she is writing science fiction, whether or not there are wizards or demons in it.
Anne McCaffrey says 'Never call me a fantasy author! I write science fiction!' Indeed. Despite the dragons and lords and medieval craft
and renaissance fair stuff in her books, her characters have heard of flush toilets and universities and democracy ... and they want those
things back! They want starships. And Anne is going to let them earn those things - she is a science fiction author.
What, according to the author, is the primary difference between fantasy and science fiction?
1)

Fantasy is an old genre rooted in mythology and ancient literature, while science fiction is its new, brash offshoot.

2)

Fantasy remains mired in the past, while science fiction looks to the future for its inspiration.

3)

Fantasy depicts an unchanging social order while science fiction suggests a possibility of progress and change.

4)

In fantasy, children face the same problems as their parents, while in science fiction, children are unable to learn from their
parent's mistakes.

Explanation:
While [1] is a general difference between fantasy and science fiction mentioned in paragraph 2, it is not the primary difference that the
author describes. Science fiction does not necessarily look to the future for its inspiration - the description of Anne McAffrey's books which
have 'medieval craft and renaissance fair stuff' suggests otherwise. So [2] is wrong as well. The latter half of [4] describes only one kind of
science fiction story - i.e. a sci-fi tragedy - not science fiction as a whole. Only [3] correctly sums up the main difference between fantasy
and science fiction, as per the author, as inferable from paragraph 5. Hence, [3].
Question: 62
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
The example from The Lord of the Rings is meant to show that in fantasy:
1)

2)

Power of any kind remains firmly in the hands of the elite.

3)

Only kings and the elite are allowed to own magical items.

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4)

The peasants have no chance of sharing the riches of the elite.

Explanation:
Refer to paragraph 3, where the Lord of the Rings example appears (note: you need not be familiar with that book in order to understand
what the author is trying to say through this example). According to the author, the king and other super elite retain control of the 'palantir',
which is a means of communication, and the peasants have no chance of getting one (unlike in the real world). While [1], [3] and [4] all
state aspects of this, they do not express the main point of the example in the context of the entire passage, which is that in fantasy,
power of any kind (be it political power or technological power) is reserved for the elite. Hence, [2].
Question: 63
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
According to the author, Anne McCaffrey:
1)

2)

Dislikes being pigeonholed as a fantasy or science fiction author.

3)

Is a science fiction author, despite the apparent fantasy aspects of her books.

4)

Intends to change her writing style so that it can be categorized as science fiction and not fantasy.

Explanation:
Refer to the last paragraph. According to the author, Anne McCaffrey already does allow her characters to improve their lives, so [1] is
incorrect. Anne McCaffrey herself says that she writes science fiction, so [2] is incorrect. There is no suggestion of [4] - rather, the author
implies that Anne McCaffrey's writing has always been science fiction. Only [3] is correct: the author points out that despite 'the dragons
and lords and medieval craft and renaissance fair stuff' in Anne McCaffrey's books (i.e. typical fantasy stuff) the mindset of the characters
is progressive, and the author allows progress to happen in the books - which is the characteristic of science fiction, not fantasy. Hence,
[3].
Question: 64
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
The author of this passage is most likely to be:
1)

A writer of fantasy.

2)

3)

4)

Not a writer at all.

Explanation:
In the first paragraph, the author states that 'some of us write both' (i.e. fantasy and science fiction). The use of the pronoun 'us' suggests
that he is among the group of authors who writes books of both these genres. Hence, [3].
Question: 65
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
In a number of pioneering texts written during the 1920s and 1930s, the German critic Walter Benjamin argued that photography should
be thought of as a technology of the 'optical unconscious'. Benjamin's analogy was with psychoanalysis, which allegedly brought the
murky realms of the unconscious into view: he believed photography did something similar for the aspects of our world that eluded
standard vision. He had in mind the ability of the camera to extend human observation beyond its normal parameters. All kinds of
instruments are regularly employed to enhance vision: eye-glasses, magnifying glasses, simple microscopes and telescopes, to name just
a few. Some of these instruments are straightforward to use and we are readily familiar with their results. These optical devices are,
however, designed to be used individually and communicating their findings can be difficult. What an observer sees in a simple
microscope or telescope can be recorded in a drawing, but doing so requires a great deal of skill and patience: the objects of study often
move or metamorphose, and the focus of attention has to be repeatedly shifted from the eyepiece to the paper. (There are plenty of
examples in which what the observer recorded did not exist.)

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The camera is particularly suited for combination with optical devices because the instrument can be substituted for the regular lens and
rapid modern shutters and films allow for an almost instantaneous arrest of motion. In this way, images otherwise invisible to the eye can
be revealed. Some complex instruments - scanning microscopes, ultrasound scanners and so forth - require a photographic image (or
video/computer screen) to manifest their results: there is nothing to see in the absence of photographic film or screen. Images from
inaccessible places are also made available by photographers (not many of us are likely to explore the depths of the ocean). Satellite
photographs of the Earth and its weather systems, or images of distant planets, are only possible from a point of view that is literally 'out of
this world'. The ability to make pictures at a fraction of a second (or in film to slow down motion and freeze frame) brings things that we
could otherwise never observe into focus: we are able to discern whether the ball crossed the line or to capture a humming bird in flight.
Infrared photography allows us to see in the dark, while telescopic photography enables observers to record dangerous events at a safe
distance (or to spy and pry). If we add the microcameras that enable medics to see inside the body without the need for invasive surgery
to this list, the stakes are raised once more. Much of our world would be invisible if photography did not exist.
Much of our familiarity with our world comes through photographic visualization as a surrogate for first-hand experience of places, objects,
creatures and events. Photographs have made many things seem ordinary, bringing distant places or unusual things closer to us, but, at
the same time, our reliance on them has been at the cost of making much of our experience seem secondhand. It is startling to think how
much of our knowledge comes through the medium of photography: how many of us have actually seen a polar ice floe or a refugee
camp? Yet we are able to describe the appearance of both. In this sense, we relate to our world through the 'second nature' of technology.
Photography occupies a central role in that process. Images associated with the optical unconscious have played a fundamental role in
demystifying our world; without them, enchantment would have a greater grip on our understanding.
What is this passage about?
1)

2)

3)

4)

The problems with photography

Explanation:
The uses of photography are mentioned in the second paragraph, but this is not what the entire passage is about. There is no discussion
about the history of photography. The last paragraph hints at a problem with photography, but there is nothing on this point before that.
The passage as a whole is about the importance of photography and how it informs our view of the world as a whole. Hence, [3].
Question: 66
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
According to Walter Benjamin, photography should be thought of as a technology of the 'optical unconscious' because:
1)

It supposedly brought the murky realms of the unconscious into view.

2)

It brought into view aspects of our world that were beyond standard vision.

3)

It was particularly suited for examining the world in combination with optical devices.

4)

Both [1] and [2].

Explanation:
Refer to the first paragraph. [1] is what psychoanalysis did, not photography. While [3] is true in itself, it is not the explanation for Walter
Benjamin's remark. It is clearly stated that, according to Benjamin, photography, like psychoanalysis, brought into view the unseen, which
in this case were 'the aspects of our world that eluded standard vision'. Hence, [2].
Question: 67
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
What is the author's attitude towards photography?
1)

He considers it a highly significant technology, which enables us to see things that we would otherwise have no way of

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experiencing.
2)

He is fascinated by it from a technological and philosophical point of view, and explores the ramifications of its ability to
show us what does not really exist.

3)

He admires its practical uses and its superiority to drawing, but is worried that the modern world is becoming overly
photographic in nature.

4)

He appreciates that it enables us to see things that would otherwise be difficult or impossible to see, but is concerned that it
makes our experience seem indirect.

Explanation:
There is no suggestion in the passage that photography can 'show us what does not really exist', so [2] is incorrect. The criticism that 'the
modern world is becoming overly photographic in nature' as stated in [3] is not mentioned in the passage either, so [3] is wrong. [1] is an
incomplete answer, as it fails to mention the author's slight unease with photography that he expresses in the last paragraph. [4], which
does express this concern, as well as the author's appreciation of photography, is therefore the correct and comprehensive answer.
Hence, [4].
Question: 68
The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.
Which of the following is true as per this passage?
1)

In a world without photography, a number of ways in which we see the world would not exist.

2)

Photography has made our world seem more familiar, yet more exotic at the same time.

3)

The function of optical instruments such as scanning microscopes and ultrasound scanners can be enhanced with the use
of photography.

4)

All of the above.

Explanation:
While the first half of [2] is stated in the last paragraph, the second half (that photography has made our world seem more exotic) is
neither stated nor implied in the passage, so [2] is not true. According to paragraph 2, instruments such as scanning microscopes and
ultrasound scanners require a photographic image (or a video/computer screen) in order to display their results - so photography does not
merely 'enhance' their function; rather, it is vital for them to have any function at all. So [3] is not quite correct. Only [1] is true - it is the
main point of the second paragraph, and is stated in its last sentence. Hence, [1].
Question: 69
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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Candidates of how many political parties definitely polled at least 3000 votes in each of the three elections?
Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below
[quizky-text]
1)

2)

85%

3)

90%

4)

100%

Explanation:

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Question: 70
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Which of the following can be the minimum sum of votes polled by political party A in the three elections combined?
1)

21,600

2)

17,400

3)

16,500

4)

15,000

Explanation:

Question: 71
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
What can be the maximum ratio of the votes polled by political party D in 2014 to the votes polled by the same political party in 2009?
1)

16 : 3

2)

3:1

3)

7:2

4)

4:1

Explanation:

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Question: 72

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Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Which of the following cannot be the percentage increase in number of votes polled by the six political parties together between 2004 and
2014?
1)

60%

2)

85%

3)

90%

4)

100%

Explanation:

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Question: 73

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Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

1)

2)

3)

4)

England vs. Pakistan; Australia vs. New Zealand

Explanation:

Question: 74
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
If Allen is not a commentator in the India vs. England match held at Melbourne, then which of the following cannot be the final match?
1)

England vs. New Zealand

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2)

3)

4)

New Zealand vs. Pakistan

Explanation:

Question: 75
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
If India defeated Pakistan in the Semi-Finals at Sydney while Australia defeated New Zealand in the Semi-Finals at Melbourne, which of
the following can be the venue of the Finals? (Use information from the previous question)
1)

Hobart

2)

Brisbane

3)

Adelaide

4)

Melbourne

Explanation:

Question: 76
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
The venues of how many matches played in the first round can be uniquely known? (Use information from the previous questions)
1)

All

2)

3)

4)

All but three

Explanation:

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Question: 77
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below.
[quizky-text]
1)

90

2)

93

3)

88

4)

95

Explanation:

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Question: 78
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
An umpire is said to be "Batsman Friendly" if he gives the benefit of the doubt to batsmen, i.e. if he is more likely to give an "out" batsman
"not out" than to give a "not out" batsman "out". Assuming that all the uncontested decisions were correct, how many umpires among the
five are "Batsman Friendly"?
1)

None

2)

3)

4)

None of these

Explanation:

We can see from the above table that P, Q and S gave more "not out" batsmen "out", while for R, the numbers are the same. Only T gave
more "out" batsmen "not out" (11) than he did for the reverse case (6). Hence, only T is "Batsman Friendly". Hence, [2].
Question: 79
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
The "Confidence Rating" of an umpire is the percentage of decisions adjudicated by him that are not challenged. The umpire with the
lowest Confidence Rating is
1)

2)

3)

4)

Explanation:

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Question: 80
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
The "Dismissal Factor" of an umpire is the percentage of decisions adjudicated by him that were eventually declared as out. What is the
Dismissal Factor of umpire T?
1)

49.16 %

2)

45 %

3)

54.16 %

4)

40.83 %

Explanation:

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Question: 81
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Who lives on the 6th floor?

1)

Elijah

2)

Austin

3)

Charles

4)

Darius

Explanation:

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Question: 82
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who pressed the button for the 1st floor?
1)

Bradley

2)

Austin

3)

Charles

4)

Darius

Explanation:

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Question: 83
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who lives on the 4th floor?
1)

Elijah

2)

Austin

3)

Charles

4)

None of these

Explanation:

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Question: 84
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who lives on a floor which is in between the floors whose buttons he pressed?
Note: Your answer should be in letters (specifying the person).Use the virtual keyboard to enter your answer in the box provided below
[quizky-text]
1)

ELIJAH

2)

Bradley

3)

Charles

4)

Austin

Explanation:

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Question: 85
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
In 2013, all the 180 students of a class played either chess, polo or tennis, or two out of these three games, or all the three games. 84 of
them played chess, 87 played polo, and 87 played tennis. 39 played only polo and 16 played both chess and tennis but not polo. In 2014,
a new football ground was opened and 20 new students were added to the class who played only football. All the previous students
continued to play the same game(s) that they were playing in 2013. Some old students also started playing football and there were a total
of 43 students who played football in 2014. None of the students played all the four games and none of the students played both chess
and football. Of the 11 students who played both polo and tennis but not chess in 2013, 3 played football in 2014. 37 students played only
tennis in 2014. 11 students played both polo and football and no other game in 2014. 37 students played both chess and polo in 2013.
In 2014, how many students played both tennis and football?
Enter your response (as an integer) using the virtual keyboard in the box provided below.
[quizky-text]
1)

12

2)

23

3)

4)

14

Explanation:

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Number of students who played both tennis and football in 2014 = 9 + 3 = 12.
Question: 86
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
In 2013, how many students played all the three games?
1)

12

2)

14

3)

16

4)

18

Explanation:

Number of students who played all the three games in 2013 = 14. Hence, [2].
Question: 87
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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In 2014, how many students played only chess?

1)

34

2)

37

3)

20

4)

31

Explanation:

Number of students who played only chess in 2014 = 31. Hence, [4].
Question: 88
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
In 2014, how many students played exactly 2 games?
1)

62

2)

66

3)

67

4)

84

Explanation:

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Number of students who played exactly 2 games in 2014 = 23 + 16 + 8 + 11 + 9 = 67. Hence, [3].
Question: 89
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

What is the colour of the top end of the candle opposite the candle with cyan colour?
[quizky-text]
1)

PINK

2)

Yellow

3)

Blue

4)

Orange

Explanation:

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Question: 90
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
What is the colour of the bottom end of the candle with the green top?
1)

Blue

2)

Orange

3)

Yellow

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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Question: 91
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
What is the colour of the bottom end of the candle with the brown top?
1)

Green

2)

White

3)

Black

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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Question: 92
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
If the candle with the yellow colour is opposite the candle with the pink colour, then which of the following colours are adjacent to bluecoloured candle?
1)

White

2)

Purple

3)

Orange

4)

Grey

Explanation:

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Question: 93
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

Who finished second?

1)

Ajinkya

2)

Chirag

3)

Eklavya

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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In all the cases, Eklavya finished second. Hence, [3].

Question: 94
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who definitely finished the race on the same lane on which he started?
1)

Ajinkya

2)

Chirag

3)

Dhruva

4)

None of the above

Explanation:

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In cases 1, 2 and 3, Ajinkya finished on the same lane that he started but in cases 4, 5 and 6, none of them finished on the same lane that
they started. Hence, [4].
Question: 95
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who finished fourth?
1)

Ajinkya

2)

Dhruva

3)

Chirag

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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In all cases, Dhruva finished fourth. Hence, [2].

Question: 96
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Who won the race if he had to switch his lanes thrice?
1)

Ajinkya

2)

Dhruva

3)

Ajinkya or Chirag

4)

Chirag or Dhruva

Explanation:

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From cases 1, 3, 5 and 6, we see that either Chirag or Ajinkya won the race after changing their lanes thrice. Hence, [3].
Question: 97
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.

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What is the total number of students in class VIII of school 2?

1)

61

2)

56

3)

51

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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Hence, [2].
Question: 98
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
What is the difference between the sum of the total number of students in class VIII and class X of school 1 andthesum of the total number
of students in class VIII and class X of school 5?
[quizky-text]
1)

2)

10

3)

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4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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Question: 99
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Which school had the highest number of students in Class VIII?
1)

School 1

2)

School 3

3)

School 4

4)

Cannot be determined

Explanation:

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Hence, [2].
Question: 100
Refer to the data below and answer the questions that follow.
Which of the following classes had the lowest number of students in school 4?
1)

Class VI

2)

Class VII

3)

Class VIII

4)

Class X

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Explanation:

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Hence, [1].

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