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EXAMINATION BYE-LAWS

1995
(UPDATED UPTO JANUARY 2013)

CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION


DELHI

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1995

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Examination Bye-Laws

Translation
Kendriya Anuwadh Bureau
Rajbhasha Vibhag, Grah Mantralaya
Paryavaran Bhawan
Eight Floor, B-Block, CGO Complex,
Lodhi Road,
New Delhi-110003

CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION


DELHI

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CBSE, DELHI-110092

March 1995, 5000 copies


Updated upto January 2001
March 2001, 2000 copies
Updated upto December, 2002
December, 2002 4000 copies
Updated upto December, 2004
April 2005, 20,000 copies
Updated upto November 2011
July 2013, 15000 copies

Price Rs.

Published by : Dr. Veera Gupta, Secretary, CBSE, Preet Vihar, Delhi - 110092
Laser typesetting and Printed by Akashdeep Printers, 20-Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi-110002

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THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA


PREAMBLE

WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a
1
[SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC] and to secure
to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the 2[unity and integrity of the
Nation];
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do
HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVETO OURSELVES THIS i CONSTITUTION.

1.

Subs. by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. 1976, sec.2, for "Sovereign
Democratic Republic (w.e.f. 3.1.1977)

2.

Subs. by the Constitution (Forty-Second Amendment) Act. 1976, sec.2, for 'unity of the
Nation (w.e.f. 3.1.1977)

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THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA


Chapter IV
A Fundamental Duties
ARTICLE 51 A
Fundamental Duties. It SHALL be the duty of every citizen of India
(a) to abide the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National
Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle
for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to
do so;
(e) To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all
the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or
sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of
women;
(f)

to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes,
rivers, wild life and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and
reform;
(i)

to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

(j)

to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective


activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour
and achievement.

*(k) a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child


or as the case may be ward between the age of six and fourteen years.
*Duty added in the Examination Committee meeting held on 25.1.2012 and approved by the Governing
Body at its meeting held on 02.2.2012

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