12 views

Uploaded by Aysun Güven

experiment

- DRP Writeup
- MoldFlow Key Results
- Bi Directional Meter
- Venturi
- ceg_smit_2007.pdf
- Pressure Driven Flow in a Two Dimensional Channel With Porous Walls
- 000-sdarticle_69
- K. Bajer and H.K. Moffatt- Chaos Associated with Fluid Inertia
- AY2014 CE2134 Hydraulics 1T Q&A Laminar Flows
- 120424 Wind Midterm
- EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND FLOW STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF DELTA WING
- Gas Flow Drop Factor
- Venturimeter LAB Report
- Flow in Pipes
- Image Based Meshing of Packed Beds of Cylinders at Low Aspect Ratios Using 3d Mri Coupled With Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Abobaker Mohammed Alakashi
- Telecom Shelter Fdn
- 29.IJMPERDOCT201729
- Akshay Chaudhary
- CW Pipe Thrust Block 1

You are on page 1of 6

Introduction

The name of this experiment is Herschel Venturi. The objective is to determine the coefficient of

discharge (C) as a function of Reynolds Number (Re) and overall head loss as a function of

maximum head differential, and to compare each with accepted empirical results. This

experiment is a requirement for the Fluids Laboratory (EM341) as part of the Engineering

Curriculum offered at San Diego State University (SDSU). The experiment was performed by a

group of Engineering students, majoring in Mechanical and Civil Engineering. It was conducted

on September 22, 2010 at 10:00AM in the Fluids Laboratory in the Fluids Laboratory at SDSU.

This lab report was written by Levi Lentz with the data obtained by Group E.

Theory

The Herschel Venturi pipe used in this experiment is a form of a Venturi meter that is used to

measure the flow of the water through the pipe by measuring the pressure difference between

two sections of the pipe. In this particular experiment, the cross-section of the pipe varies

linearly from a diameter of D = 26mm to a diameter of d = 16mm. Because of the continuity

condition, the velocity of the flow through the pipe will increase as the diameter decreases, offset

by a proportional pressure drop of the fluid. These pressure drops coupled with the continuity

condition can tell us both about the headloss of the pipe, as well as give us the coefficient of

discharge (C) and the Reynolds Number (Re). The accepted empirical values can be determined

from the following chart.

Re

2000

5000

10000

20000

50000

C

.910

.940

.955

.965

.970

Lentz 2

During the experiment, we had to use several equations to obtain the numerical answer. All of the

following equations can be derived from Bernoullis equation, assuming that the fluid is under

steady flow, it is incompressible, and it is only one dimensional. Bernoullis equation describes

energy conservation.

Bernoullis equation:

p

v2

p

v2

+ Z+

= + Z+

+h

2g 1

2g 2 L

) (

12

Coefficient of Discharge:

C=

Qexp

Qtheo

Where:

Qexp=

2 g h1t m3

V m3

( )Q theo=A T

( )

t s

d 4 s

1

D

( )

Reynolds Number:

Re =

vD vD

=

Kinematic Viscosity:

2

m

= ( )

s

The above equations can be evaluated with the following definitions:

g=gravity (

m

)

s2

d=throat diameter( m)

t=time( sec)

D=entrance diameter( m)

Lentz 3

=Density of fluid (

kg

s

V can

=Volume

(m 3) with the following definitions

)/ty

c

tions

be

evaluated

=Dynamic

: using the

viscfollowing

osity ( N constantsdefinitio

)

3

2

m

m

=SpecificGravity (

N

)

m3

T =Temp( C)

From the experimental procedure, we obtained the following constants from measurement:

T avg=21.5 C

( 21.5 C ) =9789

N

m3

d=16 mm

g=9.795

m

s

m

s2

D=26 mm

The procedure consists of using a Herschel Venturi meter using , shown in Figure 1 below, to

drive the flow through the Venturi Meter. Before the experiment can begin, all air needs to be

removed from the system. To do this, the operator turns on the hydraulic bench, opening the

Flow Control Valve slightly as shown in Figure 2 below. The user then tilts the entire Herschel

Venturi Meter until all of the air bubbles are out. Once this is done, the operator then opens the

Flow Valve completely open, manipulating the Air Purge Valve until the water level at the throat

reads zero. The experiment is then completed by manipulating the Flow Control Valve so that the

h1T

well as

changes by 35mm each datum point. At each datum, the volume flow is recorded as

h12

Lentz 4

Lentz 5

While examining our C vs Re graph, we can notice that our data is slightly biased above that of

the empirical data. The points themselves have a relatively high scatter, with the points not

conforming to a straight line as the empirical data shows. The error between the calculated C and

the empirical C can be determined from using the values from the line of the empirical data.

From this calculation, we get an average error of 1.69%. This error and relatively random scatter

would have come about from operator and procedural error. The main areas that we had errors

came from measuring the height of the fluid. Because the machine was constantly running, there

was a certain rhythm to the top point of the fluid; this causes problems when taking an accurate

measurement of the height. Another issue we had was in the time measurement, out data uses

exact seconds, which could have induced an error into the results. Other errors could have been

caused by improperly zeroing the testing equipment or allowing air bubbles to remain inside of

the Venturi tube, where we could not see them. The experiment as a whole, however, seems to

confirm the previously found empirical data.

The second set of data that we obtained was that of the relationship between of

h12 vs . h1T

h12=0

, making the slope of our graph be equal to zero with no bias. In our physical

world, energy is lost due to a variety of interactions such as friction and variances in physical

measurements, such as density or pressure. Empirical results show that the slope should be .1, or

10%, indicating an average loss of 10%. In our test, our least square fit line came very close to

meeting this requirement with a slope of .1264, or 12.64%. The additional 26.4% of error would

Lentz 6

come from the way the experiment was conducted. This could range from user error to problems

with the testing equipment. The user error that happened would have been due to measurement

issues with the heights. The measurement of the height caused an error as the height of the fluid

fluctuated due to the flow of the fluid, causing the group to have to make estimation as to where

the height was. The error could also have come from minor changes in the assumptions required

to use Bernoullis equation, such as the density or variance in the height of the tube from one

side to the other. These errors would have also affected the bias of the graph.

Tabulated Data

Percent Error in C at Measured Points (%)

1

C vs. Re

4.81

2

3

4

5

6

7

4.5

6 1.07 -2.40 1.21 -0.01 3.24

Tabulated Data Continued

8

3.66

10

Avg

Least Square

Fit Slope (exp)

h12 vs . h1T

0.1264

Least Square

Fit Bias (mm)

-2.8904

Average

Scatter (mm)

0.521

Max

Scatter

(mm)

1.09

Deviation

from

Empirical

(%)

26.4%

- DRP WriteupUploaded byPinjala Anoop
- MoldFlow Key ResultsUploaded byAnonymous fCp1HRwp
- Bi Directional MeterUploaded byWalid Fattah
- VenturiUploaded byjhonfqy24
- ceg_smit_2007.pdfUploaded byKarina Orellana Astucuri
- Pressure Driven Flow in a Two Dimensional Channel With Porous WallsUploaded byVyshnavi Karra
- 000-sdarticle_69Uploaded bymh_saddagh3317
- K. Bajer and H.K. Moffatt- Chaos Associated with Fluid InertiaUploaded byVortices3443
- AY2014 CE2134 Hydraulics 1T Q&A Laminar FlowsUploaded byLim Jia Hwee
- 120424 Wind MidtermUploaded bycamiayoung
- EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND FLOW STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF DELTA WINGUploaded byIJIERT-International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology
- Gas Flow Drop FactorUploaded bygdonina
- Venturimeter LAB ReportUploaded byJames Roy
- Flow in PipesUploaded byAnonymous gFAWtLLt
- Image Based Meshing of Packed Beds of Cylinders at Low Aspect Ratios Using 3d Mri Coupled With Computational Fluid DynamicsUploaded byOlggaa Olliveira
- Abobaker Mohammed AlakashiUploaded byAditia Riski
- Telecom Shelter FdnUploaded bySaqlain Awan
- 29.IJMPERDOCT201729Uploaded byTJPRC Publications
- Akshay ChaudharyUploaded byqgfreire
- CW Pipe Thrust Block 1Uploaded byMUTHUKKUMARAM
- design of abutment.pdfUploaded byChManikumar
- Staad Foundation Design(Rev.4)Uploaded byAnonymous YDwBCts
- Pipe Systems DesignUploaded byMohd Nawi Salleh
- LAB16FFFFFFINAL (1)[1]FffffffffffffffffffUploaded byM-poe Mampshika
- CFD Studies on Flow Through Compact HeatUploaded byRushikesh Kekare
- Introduction to Fluid Mechanics - Ch04Uploaded byNguyễn Hồng Quân
- Fluids ReportUploaded byMayisha Fabliha
- 2013-Pump Sizing With Exercises r1Uploaded byHafiz Asfahan
- Design Modification & Analysis for Venturi Section of INVELOX System To Maximize Power using Multiple Wind TurbineUploaded byIJIRST
- DA1Uploaded byjcquisbert

- ejcUploaded byAysun Güven
- Asee-midwest 0008 6430aaUploaded byAysun Güven
- Asee-midwest 0008 6430aaUploaded byAysun Güven
- FF-theory.pdfUploaded byAbdulrazzaqAL-Maliky
- Sample ReportUploaded byAysun Güven
- Thermal Fluid ManualUploaded byAysun Güven
- Lab 2-Venturi MeterUploaded byNorsilah CLah
- 7.bölüm.docxUploaded byAysun Güven
- Venturi Lab.pdfUploaded byAmirhosein605334
- lab3.docUploaded byAysun Güven
- Ift Kademeli Helisel Dili RedktrUploaded byİbrahim Bal
- NotesUploaded byAysun Güven
- 574358_634225477945037500Uploaded byAysun Güven
- Thermo2_ch10_pg164-169Uploaded bykocayusuf13
- Bel1Uploaded byAysun Güven
- Ashrae Handbook-hvac Systems and EquipmentUploaded byAzad Raza
- presentation.pptxUploaded byAysun Güven
- 04 FLOW METERS.docUploaded byAysun Güven
- Ee4366e391dabae EkUploaded byAysun Güven
- Venturimeter LAB ReportUploaded byJames Roy

- Orifice EquationUploaded byRoadmaster911
- hydrolicsUploaded byrrvishwakarmaa_96139
- Deluge ValveUploaded bySohJiaJie
- Velocity of Flow and Water HammerUploaded bykinkigalzsg
- Boundary LayersUploaded byjega
- The Conditions for Water Reticulation PlansUploaded byedwinhlc
- jkjhhUploaded bycodigocarnet
- HydraulicsUploaded byShaik Jhoir
- kupdf.com_list-shell-dep-amp-mesc-spe.pdfUploaded byAzhar Ahmad
- Low Reynolds FlowUploaded byReji Rejish
- Http Www.grainger.com Images Catalog 402 4351.PDF Concat=True&BaseURL=Http Www.graingerUploaded bySebastian Perez Viegener
- Valves Selection GuideUploaded bymasherif
- 88360504-Ejector.docxUploaded bydhavalesh1
- Mustang Series M115-58 or M6115-58 (Globe), M1115-58 or M61115-58 (Angle) Installation InstructionsUploaded byWatts
- Carbon Steel a694 High Yield Blind FlangesUploaded byspiping
- Surface Pressure Distribution Over a CylinderUploaded byHari Manoj Ram Gandrothu
- Fluid Mech. Chapter14Uploaded byEkala Xuhalx
- AB-036227-001 .pdfUploaded by8256
- Pipe FittingsUploaded byGiraldoCarpioRamos
- Fulid Lab VIVA (1)Uploaded byPiyush Agarawal
- Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes EquationsUploaded byMirko Granese
- 1WallTank_NFPA_UL[1] plano de tanque de combustibleUploaded byWilliams Naranjo
- 1.2 Hydraulic PrinciplesUploaded byAndika
- uk_datasheets_18032010vsmall fileUploaded byEka Jayalaksana
- 059_070Uploaded byChrist Yulius Beza
- Valve Section (Arm)_(S_N 232512782 & Below, 232711433 & Below, 232612157 & Below)_334.pdfUploaded byEUROPARTS
- Ring Joint Catalog 1Uploaded bySun Go Kong
- CFD Studies of Flow in Screw and Scroll CompressorsUploaded bysaek
- manualUploaded bySilvio Roman
- Class M1C3UUploaded bySalim