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Material properties

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NAME

Material Properties

Using ASTM A36 steel, Fy = 36 ksi and E = 29.6 x 103 ksi.

P

A

F=

L

L

DEAD LOAD = 30 psf

LIVE LOAD = 50 psf

PARTITION LOAD = 20 psf

Using ASTM A36 Steel.

30

30

much does the column shorten under load (in

inches)? Assume buckling is not a factor.

HINT: Find the cross sectional area for the section

in the AISC steel section properties table.

HINT: Its a small number.

Repeat the same for a W14x99.

P

is required so that the internal stresses present to

not exceed the yield stress given the following

conditions? How much does each bar elongate?

(a) P = 100,000 lb, L = 100 ft, A992 steel

(b) P = 240,000 lb, L = 85 ft, A36 steel

(c) P = 300,000 lb, L = 50 ft, A992 steel

(d) P = 150,000 lb, L = 120 ft, A36 steel

elongation of a 100 ft long steel cable made of

A992 steel to 1.5 if it is under 100 kips of load?

E=

SOLUTIONS

Dead + Live + Partition = 50 psf + 30 psf + 20 psf = 100 psf

Total axial load = 100 psf x 900 sf = 90,000 lb = 90 k. Call this value P.

From the AISC table, a W12x65 has a cross-sectional area of A = 19.1 in2

Calculate the stress inside the column.

STEP 1

F=

P

90 k

=

= 4.71 ksi

A

19.1 in2

modulus of elasticity.

STEP 2

E=

F

=

E

4.71 ksi

= 0.000159

29,600 ksi

Note that L = 20 ft = 240 inches

STEP 3

L

L

In order to repeat this for a W14x99, we simply need to look for the value of A (cross-sectional

area) in the AISC table, then repeat the steps above.

From the AISC table, a W12x65 has a cross-sectional area of A = 29.1 in2

After repeating the steps above with this new value, we get L = 0.0251 inches shorter.

For each scenario, the first step is to use the definition of stress to calculate A, given the yield

stress for the grade of steel.

For part (a), Fyield = 50ksi.

F=

P

A

A=

100 k

P

=

= 2 in2

50 ksi

F

Since we have the stress (50 ksi, given!), we can repeat Steps 2-3 in Problem #1 to calculate L.

With L = 100 ft = 1200 inches, we get L = 2.03 inches longer. Repeat the same for parts b, c, d,

being careful to keep track of the proper yield stress value.

Part (b), A = 6.7 in2, L = 1.24 in (longer)

Part (c), A = 6.0 in2, L = 1.01 in (longer)

Part (d), A = 4.2 in2, L = 1.75 in (longer)

SOLUTIONS

the length of the cable (100 ft = 1200 in) and the L = 1.5 in limitation, we can start

by solving for the strain in the cable under those conditions.

L

1.5 in

=

= 0.00125

L

1200 in

After calculating strain, we can use the definition of modulus of elasticity (assuming

the cable is in the elastic zone) to calculate the stress inside the cable.

E=

The stress is less than the yield stress for A992 steel (50 ksi), so we can continue with

our elastic calculations. The next step is to solve for the appropriate cross-sectional

area using the load given and this value of stress.

F=

P

A

A=

P

=

F

100 k

37 ksi

= 2.7 in2

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