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EDS 07-0105 Grid &

Primary Substation Design


Guide

Document Ref: EI 07-0105 Civil COP Rev D

Mark Dunk
Revision D

Engineering
Standards

Originated by:
Name
Role
Civil Design Manager
M R Balaie
Revised to Revision D
Name
Role
Civil Standards Manager
Mark Dunk

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Signature
M R Balaie

Signature

Date
20/11/2006

Date

Engineering
Standards

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

CONTENTS

Page No.
6

1.0

INTRODUCTION

2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
Functional Requirements
Life Span
Future Maintenance
Legislation
Environment
Operational
Health and Safety
Electrical Apparatus
Cable Entries
Security
Flooding
Fire Risk Assessment

7
7
7
7
7
8
9
9
9
9
9
10
11

3.0

STANDARDIZATION AND GENERIC CIVIL DESIGN

12

4.0

SITE LAYOUTS AND BUILDING CONFIGURATION

13

5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11

GENERAL LAYOUTS & REQUIREMENTS OF BUILDINGS, SWITCH


HOUSES, CONTROL ROOMS & RELAY ROOMS
General
Switch Houses General
Switchroom
Cable Trench & Switchgear Support
Cable Basement
Auxiliary Room
L.V.A.C. & Telecom Room
Battery Room
Washroom / Toilet
Store Room
Mess Room

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14
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15
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
20

6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3

SWITCH HOUSE ELEMENTS AND MATERIALS


General
Foundations
Walls

21
21
21
21

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6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9

Roofs
Finishes
Doors
Internal and External Stairs
Thermal Insulation
Building Services

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24
25
25
25

7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4

TRANSFORMER BAYS
General
Noise and Acoustic Housings
Segregation of Transformers
Oil Containment of Transformers

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26
27
29
29

8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4

ALUMINIUM AND STEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURES & FOUNDATIONS

Structure Design
Serviceability
Finishes
Foundation Design

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32

9.0
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8

EXTERNAL WORKS
Site
Roadways / Pedestrian Access
Fencing
Drainage
Transformer Delivery
Switchgear Delivery
Combined Services
Ground Finishes

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34
35
38
39
40
40
40

10.0

EXISTING SITES

41

11.0

EARTHING

41

12.0

FURNITURE

42

13.0

HEALTH AND SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT

42

14.0

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

45

APPENDIX A BUILDING SERVICES SPECIFICATION

48

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

Engineering
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Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Engineering
Standards

1.0

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

INTRODUCTION
This document outlines the principal requirements to be incorporated within a civil
design of a 33kV/11kV Primary Substation, a 132/33kV Grid Substation, a direct
transformation 132/11kV Grid site and a separate 33kV Switchouse where control
equipment can be or already is housed within other buildings on the site.
Whilst standardisation of civil design aspects is preferable, it is accepted that each
project is specific. It is essential therefore that the civil design, whilst incorporating
the requirements of this document, assesses each project design on its merits.
The designer must have due regard at all times to designing a substation that
complies with all current UK Power Networks legislation and legal requirements.
Third party considerations, developers, local authorities etc., may influence the
adopted design together with specific designers risk assessments, but it is essential
that the requirements of this document are embedded within the final design.

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DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
Whilst this document covers the key civil engineering design requirements of an
electrical substation, the designer must have due regard for basic design elements.

2.1

Functional Requirements
The principal function of the civil design is to provide buildings, structures
and infrastructure to house and support the electrical equipment and ensure
a safe environment for operational staff that work within the substation and
general public safety.

2.2

Life Span
Design principles adopted and materials specified shall ensure buildings
and structures have a life expectancy equal to or greater than the electrical
equipment housed.

2.3

Future Maintenance
The designer shall consider all future maintenance requirements to ensure
future maintenance will be minimal and access restrictions and future risk to
operational engineers is considered. In accordance with Construction
(Design and Management) Regulations 2007 (CDM 2007) the designer shall
consider the safe construction, maintenance, operation and demolition of
the structure in addition to the installation and removal/replacement of all
plant.

2.4

Legislation
The substation must be designed to the current UK Power Networks
standards and European and British legislation.
The design must also comply, where possible, with current British Standards,
Building Regulations and Town and Country Planning Act.
It may be possible to claim general permitted development rights for
substation development under the Class G, Section 17 of the Town & Country

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Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 where a similar site or


building already exists.
Exemption from Building Regulations may be claimed under Section 4 of
the Building Act 1984 and, where space permits, Schedule 2, Regulation
9 of The Building Regulations 2000 for Class II buildings except where
the building is to be used as an office or dwelling. It is understood that
Section 5 of the Sustainable & Secure Buildings Act 2004 removing this
exemption for works carried out by Statutory Undertakers has yet to be
implemented by the Secretary of State.
2.5

Environment

2.5.1

The designer must have due consideration for the local environment, both in
rural and urban environments. Consultations must be sought with the
Environment Agency, the Local Authority and, where appropriate, local
wildlife or environmental groups to ensure the design is compatible with
current legislation.

2.5.2

It is also advised that a noise survey and assessment of noise impact be


carried out as part of the planning of the substation. This will allow the
establishment of a baseline noise level from which to measure any future
noise increases and the assessment of noise impact from the installation
prior to construction will help establish whether noise suppression in the
form of transformer enclosures or screening is required.

2.5.3

In order to ensure that foundations suitable for the ground conditions are
designed fully a full and suitably extensive ground investigation of the site
shall be carried out; this will also identify any soil contaminants that will
need to be dealt with as part of the substation construction process.

2.5.4

As part of the process of assessing environmental issues the designer must


consider any potential impact historic structures or ecologically sensitive
areas. These include Scheduled Ancient Monuments, Sites of Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI), Areas of outstanding Natural Beauty (ANOB), nature
reserves and protected areas for birds. For a full list of environmentally
sensitive areas see UK Power Networks policy HSS 01 027 Protection of the
Natural and Built Environment, Including Wildlife, Water and Historic
Features.

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Operational
The civil designer must ensure the design is in accordance with all the UK
Power Networks operational requirements.

2.7

Health and Safety


The designer must comply with the Construction Design Management (CDM)
Regulations 2007 and all other relevant Health and Safety Legislation.

2.8

Electrical Apparatus
The design shall comply with all the technical and safety requirements of the
apparatus to be housed. All LV electrical installations shall comply with BS
7671 IEE Regulations and a compliance certificate must be obtained. The
compliance certificate shall be retained on file, recorded on the Ellipse
database and, where possible, a copy displayed on site.
The Civil designer must consider the installation of the electrical apparatus
within the layout and design of the buildings and structures.

2.9

Cable Entries and Routes


Due regard and co-ordination of cable entries must be considered within the
design, which can affect setting out and orientation of the proposed
substation.

2.10

Security
Prior to the commencement of any design work EDS 07-0101 Security
Specification for UK Power Networks Operational Sites and UK Power
Networks Company Security should consulted in order to assess the degree
and specification of security equipment required on site during both
construction and operational periods.

2.10.1 Site security is imperative to safeguard the building and its equipment from
damages, theft, vandalism and also to safeguard against unauthorised
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access to high voltage equipment. In order to ensure that adequate security


is planned for and designed in it is important to liaise with UK Power
Networks Company Security as early as possible during the project.
Where possible and safe to implement the substation shall be designed with
a single point of entry; all other doors and emergency exits shall be opened
from the inside only with panic bars and shall have no external locking
mechanism.
2.11

Flooding
When considering the location of a new substation site it is essential, as well
as considering the ecological impact and design suitability, that the risk from
future flooding is assessed. Flooding can be caused by the rise of
watercourses, breaches of Coastal defences and from surface water run-off
and these factors need to be investigated as part of the design process.
When assessing flood risk the all of following steps should be taken as a
minimum:

Consider local and historical information about the site. Is the site known to
be in a flood risk area, has the site been flooded before?
Investigate the surrounding area. Is the site close to a watercourse, however
small? Is the surrounding land higher than the site? This could cause flooding
from surface water run-off. Is the surrounding area likely to be developed /
redeveloped in the future? This again could impact on the degree of surface
water run-off that could affect the site; hardstanding / hard landscaping in
place of grassed/ soft landscaped areas will reduce the time and in which
surface water reaches the site and is also likely to increase the volume
affecting the site.
Establish whether the site is within a known flood risk area from major
watercourses. As part of the initial investigation the Environment Agency
website provides maps indicating areas and degree of flood risk. The flood
maps site can be accessed via www.environment-agency.gov.uk and typing
in the post code of the potential site (or a nearby road) into the search box
under the Flood Maps section.
If it found that the proposed site is affected by flooding from any of these
potential causes then ideally an alternative site should be sourced. In real
terms, however, this can not always be achieved and it therefore becomes

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essential that measures are put in place within the design in order to provide
mitigation against the effects of flooding.
Reference shall be made to EDS 07-0106 Substation Flood Protection for
additional information regarding flood assessment and protection. The
mitigation of the effects of flooding shall be included in the Substation
design process.
The local government policy PPS25 should be consulted for guidance on the
rules governing the construction of new substations within flood plain areas.
Information regarding flood risk and levels can be obtained from the local
Environment Agency office which can be contacted for all UK Power Networks
licensed areas as detailed in EDS 07-0106.

2.12

FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT


In compliance with the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, for all
Grid and Primary Substation buildings, a competent and responsible person
must make a suitable and sufficient Fire Risk Assessment of the risks to
which relevant persons are exposed for the purpose of identifying the general
fire precautions he needs to take to comply with the requirements and
prohibitions imposed on him by or under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety)
Order 2005. It is essential that the Fire Risk Assessment and the Fire Plan
mentioned below are developed in conjunction with the local Fire Brigade
representative.
Information concerning current legislation and minimising fire risk is
available in EDS 07-0116 Fire Protection Standard for Operational Sites, HSS
01 055 shall be consulted for guidance regarding the completion of Fire Risk
Assessments (FRA).

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STANDARDIZATION AND GENERIC CIVIL DESIGN


Where possible the UK Power Networks generic design must be adopted on all civil
design projects. Specific design considerations or risk assessments may determine
alternative designs or variations to the Standard layout. In order to comply with UK
Power Networks Design Assurance and Audit processes these alternative designs or
variations shall be documented and justified.
The drawings pertinent to the design and construction of 132/33kV Grid or 33/11kV
Primary Substations are listed in the relevant drawing lists issued in conjunction with
this document. Above ground 132/11kV Substations will require the use of a
combination of Grid and Primary Substation drawings.
Drawings referring to the Building Services layouts of Grid (33kV) and Primary (11kV)
Switchouses detailed in Appendix A are listed relevant drawing lists issued in
conjunction with this document.

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SITE LAYOUTS AND BUILDING CONFIGURATION


132/33kV, 132/11kV and 33/11kV substations comprise of the combination of a
Switch House with Transformer Bay(s), complete with, where required fire separation
wall(s) and security fencing. An access road, together with pedestrian circulation
areas and a general finish of chippings externally. The design shall provide for
small-bore foul and surface water drainage, electrical and plumbing services.
The combination of buildings and structures will be project specific and variable
depending on the electrical requirements of the site. In addition the land area and
land shape available may dictate the site layout and building configuration.
Switch Houses and Transformers can be separated by distance, mainly for fire
separation or be together divided by physical fire barriers.
The civil generic design drawings show examples of different site layouts and
building configurations to be considered at the option-engineering phase of the
project.
Future electrical requirements are to be considered and the civil designer may need
to allow for additional electrical equipment within the design, i.e. space for future
switchgear or transformers.

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GENERAL LAYOUTS AND REQUIREMENTS OF BUILDINGS, SWITCH HOUSES, CONTROL


ROOMS AND RELAY ROOMS
5.1

General
The primary function of any building within an electrical substation is to
house electrical equipment. It will be the specification of the electrical
apparatus that dictates the basic size and parameters of the building design.
UK Power Networks procures various manufacturers of switchgear and relay
panels etc. each with their own requirements that the civil designer shall
accommodate.
The following sections highlight the general design principles of the many
substation buildings.

5.2

Switch Houses General


A typical 11kV or Replacement 33kV Switch House shall house 2 principal
rooms:

Switchgear Room
Auxiliary Room (including room for batteries)

A stand alone 33kV Switch House (where there are no other buildings
on site within which the control equipment is / can be housed and there are
no existing welfare facilities), normally associated with 132kV/33kV or
132/11kV Grid sites, will require an L.V.A.C. and telecom room, mess room,
washroom, toilet and store room in addition to the rooms outlined above.
Where Plante cell batteries have been specified it will be necessary to specify
a separate battery room details of which are given in Section 5.8. Where
VRLA batteries have been specified a separate Battery Room is not required.
Certain 11kV and 33kV switchgear will dictate a cable basement requirement
under the switchgear room. Refer to Section 5.5.
All switch houses shall be designed to a minimum 1 hour fire rating but a fire
assessment shall be undertaken on each project.
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5.3

Switchroom

5.3.1

The switchgear type and number of panels will dictate the size of the
switchroom.

5.3.2

The minimum clearances for various switchgear types are highlighted in the
manufacturers literature and accommodated on the generic layout drawings.

5.3.3

Standard construction is either a screeded pre-cast concrete panel floor,


brick/block cavity wall portal frame and insulated steel cladded roof or
insulated steel cladding fixed to the portal frame with insulated steel clad
roof.

5.3.4

The entire switchgear room must be designed to support the weight of the
switchgear such that equipment can be manoeuvred into the final position.

5.4

Cable Trench and Switchgear Support

5.4.1

All switchgear is to be fully supported on an independent galvanised steel


frame separate from the concrete floor slab. Alternative system is to fix
switchgear onto unistrut system set in the floor slab.

5.4.2

Different cable entry techniques into the procured switchgear will have an
effect on the cable trench design. The cable trench shall be reinforced
concrete of sufficient density and water tightness to prevent dampness on
the internal surfaces. Using the Elevated and clad switchouse option the
basement can be above ground and open to the air; in using this option the
Designer must ensure that the underside of the switchgear is sealed against
ingress of moisture and dust.

5.4.3

Cable trench to be 1350mm minimum depth. It may be necessary to increase


this depth to suit the cable radius or cable connection to switchgear (see
Section 5.5 also).

5.4.4

Cable trench to house slab to be laid to falls and have an externally accessed
sump.

5.4.5

Cable entry points shall be plastic walled ducts to suit cable size and
number.

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5.4.6

Trench covers to be 25mm anti-slip GRP, flame retardant, on galvanised mild


steel frame. Covers shall be fitted such as they are easily lifted without
binding against adjacent covers and individually located.

5.4.7

Switchgear support framework must be constructed and installed to the


electrical equipment manufacturers recommended level line and flatness
tolerances. Cable cleating to be considered within frame design, together
with possible effects of eddy currents.

5.5

Cable Basement

5.5.1

Certain 11kV and 33kV switchgear dictate that a full cable basement shall
be provided over the full area of the switch room in lieu of a cable trench.

5.5.2

Basement headroom is dictated by cable entries, but a minimum of 2100mm


clear headroom shall be achieved.

5.5.3

Below ground cable basements to be designed as water excluding structures.

5.5.4

Entry to below cable basement to be a permanent staircase with additional


escape route to minimum escape distances, in accordance with the Building
Regulations. Where possible basement access/egress to be via external
doors. Ground level cable basements are to be enclosed with an open mesh
security fence with access gates diametrically opposite each other.

5.5.5

Floor to be finished to falls to perimeter drainage channels, to intercept


ground water infiltration. Drainage channels to discharge into externally
accessed sump.

5.5.6

Cable basements shall be assessed for compliance with Confined Space


Regulations. UK Power Networks Confined Space entry procedures shall be
adhered to when accessing a cable basement.

5.5.7

All cables and unused ducts passing through the external walls to be sealed
using a UK Power Networks Approved Sealing System.

5.5.8

Cable basements to have natural ventilation where possible otherwise forced


ventilation is to be considered.

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Auxiliary Room
A separate Auxiliary Room is preferred for three principal reasons.
a) Provides a safer working environment.
b) Permits access to control panels if the switchgear is in fault conditions.
c) Protects UK Power Networks Engineers in the event of switchgear failure.

5.6.1

A full height solid blockwork wall shall separate the Auxiliary Room from the
Switchgear Room with a single 1 hour fire-rated access door, with vision
panel, between the rooms.

5.6.2

External access to the Auxiliary Room shall be incorporated within the design
with a single access door.

5.6.3

The Auxiliary Room is to be provided with an anti-static raised computer floor


of 600mm x 600mm modular panels, supported 600-900mm above the
structural floor. Pedestals to be mechanically and resin fixed to sub floor
slab and inter-linked at top level.

5.7

L.V.A.C. and Telecom Room (Stand alone 33kV Switchouse Only)

5.7.1

Within a 33kV Switchouse a separate room shall be allocated for L.V.A.C.


and telecom.

5.7.2

External access to the room shall be incorporated into the design.

5.7.3

Floor to be provided with an anti-static raised computer floor of 600 x


600mm modular panels, supported up to 900mm above the structural floor.
Pedestals to be mechanically and resin fixed to sub floor slab and interlinked at top and bottom levels.

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Battery Room (*not generally required with VRLA sealed batteries)

Only where sealed VRLA batteries are not used a separate battery room shall be
required:
5.8.1

Batteries shall be segregated from other equipment in a separate room


of fire resisting construction with a full height wall to the underside of
the switch house roof.

5.8.2

If at all possible battery rooms shall be sited adjacent to an outside wall so


as to facilitate the provision of natural ventilation and the room to be bunded
to contain any spillage, including raised door threshold.

5.8.3

Ceilings shall not have unventilated recesses in which hydrogen may


accumulate, e.g. between ceiling beams. Ceilings shall therefore be flush
and preferably sloped upwards toward the point of ventilation outlets
especially if wall mounted.

5.8.4

The use of false ceilings is not permitted.

5.8.5

Ventilation to be in accordance with the battery manufacturers


recommendations. Forced ventilation is not recommended, due to possible
failure of system. Therefore, natural ventilation is preferred.

5.8.6

Ventilation outlets shall either be installed in the ceiling or where this is not
practicable, immediately below ceiling level and communicate as directly as
possible with the open air. Openings shall be large enough to ensure
adequate air movement and where practicable be terminated in an extractor
cowl. Louvre vents are preferred to air brick openings to provide an
unrestricted path for air or gases.

5.8.7

No holes shall be left in inside walls, particularly at ceiling level which would
allow hydrogen to escape into other rooms. Trunking shall not pass through
inner walls at a height greater than 1.25m from the ceiling and then only if
unavoidable.

5.8.8

Low level inlets shall be installed such as to aid a cross flow of air over the
batteries; thus dispersing any hydrogen evolved. It may be appropriate to
install low level louvres in internal walls or doors.

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Batteries shall be positioned either below high level outlets or in the air path
between air inlets and outlets.

5.8.10 Ventilation ducts, if required, shall be designed to prevent the accumulation


of hydrogen, e.g. avoid U bends in the vertical plane. Ducts shall be noncombustible and acid resistant. If metal ducts are used they shall be acid
resistant lined.
5.8.11 Natural ventilation shall be the first consideration but if mechanical
ventilation is necessary, intrinsically safe fan motors shall be situated in a
safe atmosphere with no risk of hydrogen infiltration.
5.8.12 All electrical installations and switches within the battery room are to be
intrinsically safe
5.8.13 Floors shall have an acid resistant floor finish.
5.8.14 A hand basin shall be provided within the battery room for emergency use.
Size to suit site requirement.
5.9
Washroom / Toilet
The requirement for a toilet and washbasin is to be carefully considered prior to
designing into the installation. Toilet and washing facilities have to be inspected
regularly and water tanks are a potential source of Legionella particularly if
infrequently used. If the site has an existing facility or another site within 20
minutes drive has toilet and hand washing facilities then the provision of a new toilet
and basin do not need to be considered in the design.
If it is found that the site does require toilet and handwashing facilities to make it
complaint with the Workplace (Health, Safety & Welfare) Regulations 1992 then the
following specification shall be complied with:
5.9.1

A single washroom is to be provided with either an external steel


security door or, if the washroom is to be accessed from the Auxiliary
Room, an internal minimum hour fire-rated timber or steel door.

5.9.2

The washroom to comprise of a stainless steel hand wash basin with cold
pillar tap and a low-level glazed pedestal w.c.

5.9.3

Install 110mm internal soil stack with air admittance valve.

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5.9.4

7.5 Litre, 3kW storage water heater plumbed to cold water service.

5.9.5

Provide white ceramic tiled splash back behind basin, min. 300mm high
above sink and extending min, 150mm either side of basin.

5.9.6

All cold water service pipes to be fitted with isolating valves and shall be
earthed.

5.9.7

Ventilation to washroom to be ventilated to comply with the current Building


Regulations.

5.10

Store Room (Stand alone 33kV Switchouse Only)

5.10.1 Store room is to be provided to house general equipment used by the


operational engineers, e.g. barriers, signs etc. Approximate area 10m2.
5.10.2 Access via external steel security door.

5.11

Mess Room (Stand alone 33kV Switchouse Only)

5.11.1 Mess Room to be provided for maintenance and commissioning teams.


5.11.2 Fitted with plumbing, sink unit and other services to enable preparation
of food and beverages.
5.11.3 Fitted with table and chairs for a minimum of four people.
5.11.4 Provide white ceramic tiled splash back behind basin, min. 300mm high
above sink and extending min, 150mm either side of basin.
5.11.5 All cold water service pipes to be earthed and fitted with isolating valves.
5.11.6 Ventilation to mess room to comply with current Building Regulations

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SWITCH HOUSE ELEMENTS AND MATERIALS


6.1

General
The design and specification of materials for the key building elements could
be dictated by third party influences, such as developers or the Local
Authority.
The generic design drawings depict the preferred construction techniques of
UK power Networks.
This section specifies the preferred construction materials to be used when
designing a switch house.

6.2

Foundations

6.2.1

Reinforced concrete raft foundations and walls below ground level shall be
designed to suit the formation level of the cable trench or basement.

6.2.2

The foundations to be designed to suit the local ground conditions and


building loads applied.

6.3

Walls

6.3.1

All external walls to be:


a) brick/block cavity walls with approved rigid cavity insulation built- in
during construction. 100mm facing brick to suit developer or L.A.
planning conditions or to match adjacent buildings and structures.
Internal walls to be 7 N/mm2 blocks with fair face finish. Thermal U
value to meet the current Building Regulation requirements.
Lightweight air-entrained concrete thermal blockwork is not
acceptable.
or
b) Cladding matching that of the roof and where thermal properties and
security equivalent to the brick / block construction can be
maintained. Rails or other fixings must be provided internally to
facilitate the installation of heating lighting and other wall mounted
units.

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6.3.3

No windows allowed.

6.3.4

No projecting corners of brickwork or climbing aids to be incorporated into


the design.

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6.4

Roofs

6.4.1

The roof construction shall be insulated profiled colour coated cladding,


composite or built up, supported on a portal frame, at a nominal pitch of 10
degrees, subject to design and cladding type. No roof lights allowed.

6.4.2

Flat roofs should only be used on brick/block acoustic housings to


transformers, when extending existing flat roof buildings or when Local
Authority planning requirements stipulate.

6.5

Finishes
Basic finishes are to be applied as follows6.5.1

Floors
Switchgear Room Floor

Concrete screeded, sealed and painted with


heavy duty floor paint.

Auxiliary Room

Anti-Static Raised Access Floor

LVAC & Telecom Room


(33kV Switchouse only)

Anti-Static Raised Access Floor

Battery Room
(see Section 5.8)

Acid resistant floor finish with 150mm


skirting and raised threshold.

Washroom / Toilet
(see section 5.9)

Sealed and painted with heavy duty floor


paint.

Mess Room

Vinyl floor or heavy duty floor paint

6.5.2

Walls Decoration internally, vinyl matt emulsion Magnolia (1 No.


thinned mist coat, 2 No. neat coats).

6.5.3

Ceilings vinyl matt emulsion White (1 No. thinned mist coat, 2 No.
neat coat).

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6.5.4

6.6

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Doors depending on any planning conditions or developer


requests, external door colour to be sympathetic to external
brickwork or cladding.

Doors
External doors all double and single leaf egress doors to be insulated steel
security, double skin doors. The preferred construction shall be assessed to
ensure that, as a minimum, all items within Clause 6.6.2 are considered.
6.6.1

External substation doors to switch houses shall be constructed to


provide a minimum 1 hour fire rating, with panic exit furniture.

6.6.2

Reference shall be made to the following criteria:(a) Escape from fire; provision of doors, maximum escape distances
(b) Planning or developers considerations (if applicable).
(c) Security of Buildings.
(d) Emergency Exit.

6.6.3

Double doors for switchgear. Doors are to be of sufficient width and


height to accommodate installation of switchgear panels. Hinged
transom over panels are permitted but must not be removable.

6.6.4

Security doors to be compliant with appropriate government SEAP or


Loss Prevention Certification Board LPS 1175 standards.

6.6.5

Internal doors are to be minimum 1 hour fire rated steel doors with a
viewing panel with the exception of the internal toilet door (where
required) where the viewing panel shall be omitted.

6.6.6

Where possible and safe to implement the Switchouse shall be


designed with a single point of entry; all other doors and emergency
exits shall be opened from the inside only with panic bars and shall
have no external locking mechanism (see also Sections 2.10.1 &
2.10.2).

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6.6.7

6.7

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

All steel doors are to be connected to the main substation Earth in


accordance with UK Power Networks Earthing Manual.

Internal and External Stairs


Internal and external stair rises, goings and pitches should be dimensioned
in accordance with BS 5395-1:2000, Table 1, Stair Category A.
All stairs and walkways to be designed in accordance with BS 5395-1:2000.

6.8

Thermal Insulation
Thermal insulation shall be incorporated to ensure minimum U values as
recommended within the current Building Regulations.

6.9

Building Services
6.9.1

For the required Building Services within the 33kV/11kV Primary and
132/33kV Grid substation refer to the UK power Networks Building
Services Specification in Appendix B of this Code of Practice. All LV
electrical installations shall comply with BS 7671 IEE Wiring
Regulations.
The Building Services Specification document in Appendix A includes
the following items:(a)

Distribution boards and associated equipment/cabling.

(b)

Internal lighting scheme together with all lamps to all areas.

(c)

Emergency lighting installation.

(d)

General power distribution.

(e)

Space and water heating installation including equipment.

(f)

Dehumidification installation.

(g)

External amenity lighting.

(h)

Floodlighting to transformer bays.

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(i)

Earthing, bonding, testing and commissioning.

(j)

Provision of installed drawings, manuals and test certificates.

TRANSFORMER BAYS
7.1

General
7.1.1

Reference shall be made to the UK Power Networks generic drawings


for the fundamental design philosophy of a transformer bay.

7.1.2

In principle, a transformer shall be sited on a concrete plinth within


an integral concrete bunded area designed to contain the oil within
the transformer in the event of a spillage or disruptive failure.

7.1.3

The area of a transformer bay will be dictated by the minimum


acceptable clearances around the transformer and coolers or to the
distances of possible future acoustic walls located to avoid standing
waves, whichever is the greater.

7.1.4

Bund walls to be a minimum 250mm thick although this may need to


be widened to allow a palisade fence to be surface fixed if required. It
may be necessary to widen the wall locally where removable palisade
fencing is to be used or where there is a possibility of a future
requirement for an acoustic housing (see 7.1.7).

7.1.5

Bunded area to be finished with 20-40mm graded, clean washed


rounded natural stone. For oil containment calculations it can be
assumed that 1m3 of this stone will contain 300 litres of oil (see also
Section 7.4 Oil Containment of Transformers).

7.1.6

Cables to enter into a cable pit via cable duct penetrations. Cable pit
to be designed to retain sand fill in the event of excavating for cables
and to receive lean mix concrete cover slab.

7.1.7

Where site conditions dictate Transformer bays may have to be


designed to accommodate future construction of an acoustic
enclosure (see section 7.2).

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7.1.8

Transformer bay sump to house discriminator pump to remove


surface water from bunded area and to detect presence of oil.

7.1.9

Transformer bay design to allow for forces exerted by temporary


pulling eyes to assist the delivery of the transformer. Fixed to either
the transformer plinth or the bund walls. Maximum pulling forces to
be within S.W.L. of the transformer turfer.

7.1.10 Fenced transformer bays shall have two pedestrian gates for
access/egress.
7.2 Noise and Acoustic Housings
7.2.1

All transformers generate noise, the principle component being a


continuous tone of 100Hz. After considering minimum safe
clearances for operation and maintenance of plant the transformer
bay should be designed to avoid constructive wavelengths () for
frequencies of 100, 200, 400 and 800Hz. Constructive wavelength
distances that can contribute to the noise level are considered to be
/2, and 2 or multiples thereafter.
Generally, in order to avoid constructive waves, the distance between
the transformer tank, walls and any roof soffit should fall between the
following figures:
0.915-1.040m, 1.345-1.600m, 1.750- 1.980m and multiples
thereafter.

7.2.2

The more irritating rattles due to loose nameplates, loose valve


locking pins, tap changes, etc., are be easily eliminated by
tightening.

7.2.3

Noise can only be airborne, but it must be remembered that groundborne vibrations may be re-radiated as noise by some other structure.

7.2.4

It is current practice to design transformer bays with the provision for


future noise reducing housings for electrical plant.

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7.2.5

Each site shall be assessed for noise pollution and agreed with the
Engineer and where applicable the Local Authority, if provision for a
transformer housing is required.

7.2.6

Pre and post construction noise surveys shall be considered for all
substation developments, particularly those being carried out
adjacent or within view of residential areas.

7.2.7

Noise reducing housings/enclosures if after a risk analysis a noise


reducing housing is required; consideration must be made to its
construction. Typical construction method being either traditional
built brickwork or a proprietary prefabricated acoustic enclosure.
Enclosures are generally required in residential areas and therefore
subject to planning constraints/conditions and required to be
sympathetic with surrounding structures. Walls shall be located to
avoid standing waves and minimum clearances constructed of dense
masonry. Roofs shall be constructed in a suitable dense material eg
proprietary PCC flooring / roofing system.
Consideration must be given to a removable panel within the housing
to remove the transformer and coolers without the need to demolish
the full housing.
All housings or enclosures are to be designed to a minimum 1 hour
fire rating. Where a transformer is to be located within another
building or where it is within close proximity to vulnerable buildings
and places of public assembly (not including footpaths) the
enclosure shall be designed to a 4hr fire resistance rating. Minimum
separation distances for specifying close proximity and the fire
resisting requirements of any roof to the enclosure shall be
determined using the guidance in EDS 07-0116.
Two sound attenuating doors are required per enclosure, opening
outwards with panic bars and to the appropriate fire rating (1 or 4
hours as applicable), diagonally opposed.
Acoustic weatherproof ventilators are required in the housings
located at high level and low level diagonally opposed.

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7.3 Segregation of Transformers


7.3.1

Where applicable a minimum clear distance of 8m between


transformers or a transformer and any other oil-containing equipment
and/or a control room shall be incorporated into the design.
The minimum separation between items of equipment and
equipment and building shall be determined using the information
contained in EDS 07-0116 Fire Protection Standard.

7.3.2

Where clear distance between transformer and other essential


equipment and/or buildings cannot be achieved, a firewall
separation barrier and/or fire quenching system shall be constructed.

7.3.3

Each site shall be assessed to determine the extent of works required


regarding fire separation.

7.3.4

The height of a fire separation wall shall be at least 1m higher than


any oil containing equipment, i.e. conservator tank or radiator and
extend 2m in length past the end of the transformer and cooler.

7.3.5

Firewall construction shall be a 4 hr barrier solid brick, concrete or


flameproof partition.

7.3.6

In order to minimise the possibility of the spread of fire there is to be


no opening or duct route between the transformer bays.

7.3.7

The routing of control cables and multicore services though one


transformer bund from another is not permitted.

7.4 Oil Containment of Transformers


7.4.1

Scope
The Water Resources Act 1991 states that it is an offence to cause or
knowingly permit the discharge of poisonous, noxious or polluting
matter into relevant waters or into any underground strata (clause
85(1)). This is applicable regardless of the size of the container or the
purpose of the polluting substance and the fines and possible

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custodial sentences set in this Act, The Environmental Protection Act


1990 and The Environment Act 1995 can be imposed for any
polluting incident.
Bearing in mind the statutory requirements, this document lays down
the practical steps which shall be taken to contain the accidental
leakage or spillage of significant quantities of oil in a substation.
7.4.2

Principles of Oil Containment


An assessment of oil containment shall be made of all oil filled
equipment, including the decommissioning of existing and delivery
of new, particularly if there is a risk of oil leakage into the ground or
added protection is needed for local water courses.
The principle is that all plant containing oil shall be contained within
a completely bunded area.

7.4.3

Measures for Containment of Oil


In accordance with Control of Pollution (Oil Storage) (England)
Regulations 2001 and the Environment Agency guideline PPG2 a
continuous bund wall shall surround the oil filled equipment and
shall be sealed by means of an impervious base set at such a depth
as to retain 110% of the total quantity of oil present in plant. For
calculation purposes one cubic metre of 20-40mm sized shingle
retains 300 litres of oil.

7.4.4

Discriminator Pump to Remove Accumulated Rainwater


An oil discriminating pump within a sump is to be supplied with 1.82.1 l/s capacity.
This shall discharge into an oil interceptor (see below) installed of
suitable size for the drained area and pump discharge rate before a
local soakaway or watercourse subject to approval of the Water
Authority/Environmental Agency.
Oil discriminator pump facility alarms are to be connected to UK
Power Networks remote monitored control SCADA systems.

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7.4.5

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Revision D

Oil Interceptor
The choice of Full Retention oil interceptor is to be in line with
Environment Agency policy document PPG 3. Of the two Classes of Oil
Interceptor, Class 1 Interceptors are required when discharging into
surface or controlled waters, Class 2 Interceptors are required when
discharging into foul sewers.

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8.0

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ALUMINIUM AND STEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURES AND FOUNDATION


8.1

Structure Design
The structures shall be delivered to site complete with all pre-drilled holes for
fixing of earth tapes, cables and all other relevant attachments. In addition,
where required, they shall be supplied with suitable drain holes. Site drilling
after erection shall not be permitted.
Structures shall be used for bonding of electrical equipment to an earth mat
and evidence shall be provided which demonstrates that the structure is
capable of withstanding the rated short time current.
The design of support structures shall comply also with the requirements of
all UK Power Networks relevant Codes of Practice and British and European
Standards.

8.2

Serviceability
When considering the serviceability of the supporting structures, the
contractor shall ensure that deflections are appropriate for the proper
function of the structure and for the plant and equipment supported by the
structure but in any case, shall not be greater than that recommended in the
appropriate British and European Standards.

8.3

Finishes
The finishes applied to structural steelwork elements shall have a uniform
appearance and shall be appropriate for the level of corrosion protection for
the required 40 year design life of the substation.
The holes drilled in the structure to accommodate the galvanising process
shall be fitted with suitable plugs.

8.4

Foundation Design
The foundations to support structures shall be designed to adequately
transfer the moments and horizontal and vertical forces generated by the
structures to the ground at formation level. Forces and moments generated

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at the base of the support structure shall be provided to the civil designer for
the purpose by the support structure manufacturer.
The foundations shall be sufficiently large in plan area and depth to
accommodate the structure holding down bolts, and shall be designed to
ensure that overall and differential settlement of the ground below the
structure foundation lies within the tolerances specified either by the
electrical designer, the support structure manufacturer and/or the electrical
equipment manufacturer.
The foundations shall be designed to provide adequate strength, stability
and durability for the anticipated service life of the substation and for the
site conditions in accordance with the appropriate design standards and
Codes of Practice.

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EXTERNAL WORKS
9.1 Site
A substation site must satisfy the following requirements:
(a)

Provide sufficient space for the ultimate envisaged number, size and
layout of plant and buildings.

(b)

Provide adequate access for the largest indivisible loads envisaged


and adequate and safe personnel access and exit. This includes
assessing service roads and highways not controlled by UK Power
Networks providing an access route to the site boundary gate.

(c)

Provide adequate space for the maximum envisaged number and size
of overhead line and/or underground cable entries.

(d)

Must be capable of complying with the detailed planning


requirements of the Local Authority, including amenity aspects. At
the same time it must not be so large, beyond the substation
requirements, as to require expensive treatment of the unused
portion of the land.

(e)

Consideration shall be given to the environmental impact of


developing each particular site.

9.2 Roadways/Pedestrian Access


9.2.1

A suitable access roadway for plant delivery and for general access
into the site will be required. This access will need to accommodate:
(a)

Delivery / removal of Transformers.

(b)

Delivery / removal of Switchgear.

(c)

The use of articulated vehicles must be allowed for within the


design. Co-ordination with haulage companies delivering
transformers is recommended.

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(d)

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Maintenance and operational use of substation.

9.2.2

Roadway is to be constructed from a material suitable for purpose


with a nominal width of 4500mm.

9.2.3

Road layout to include provision for turning area for maintenance


vehicle.

9.2.4

A 1200mm wide pedestrian paved footpath to be laid from roadway


to main doors of switchroom.

9.3 Fencing
It is essential, in order to be effective, that boundary and compound fencing or wall
is designed and constructed without any external climbing aids.
9.3.1

Application
9.3.1.1

Wherever possible the site shall be surrounded by


fencing which presents a clear view of the enclosed space
as a deterrent to unauthorised interference.

9.3.1.2

Where high voltage conductors are exposed in a


substation, a security fence of types as shown in Table 1,
constructed to UK Power Networks specification and in
accordance with the Electricity Safety, Quality and
Continuity (ESQC) Regulations 2002 shall be installed.

9.3.1.3

Consideration shall be given to the use of removable


posts and panels in place of gates where access is only
required for transit of fixed plant.

9.3.1.3

A 2m clear zone external to the site security fencing line


shall be maintained to minimise third party compromising
the statutory fence height. The site boundary, which shall
include the 2m clear zone, shall be permanently and
clearly defined.

9.3.1.4

All fencing and enclosure of substations shall be in


accordance with Part III Substations (Clause 11) of the

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Electricity Safety,
Regulations 2002.
9.3.1.5

9.3.2

Quality

and

Continuity

(ESQC)

External boundary and internal compound fencing shall


be constructed so as not to provide any climbing aids.

Amenity Fencing
9.3.2.1

9.3.2.2

9.3.3

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Fencing provided to meet covenants or planning


authorities requirements shall:
a)

Be the minimum standard to meet those


requirements, having due regard to maintenance
costs.

b)

Provide minimum screening effects to discourage


unauthorised interference, combined with
reasonable resistance to vandalism. Graffiti proof
surfaces are preferable.

In view of the varying requirements of planning


authorities and the desirability of avoiding a clash of
appearance with the surrounds no standard is set.

Security fencing
9.3.3.1

The minimum acceptable specification shall be based on


risk assessments of the proposed site using one of the
following fence types, with a minimum height of 2.4m in
accordance with Electricity Supply Quality and Continuity
(ESQC) Regulations 2002.
(a) Steel palisade security fence to UK Power Networks
standard.
(b) Weldmesh single skin 358 mesh.

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Drawings EDS 07-0105-3001 Sheets 1 to 5 and EDS 070105-3002 Sheets 1 to 5 provide details of the agreed
standards for fencing used by UK Power Networks.
(c) Fencing is to be designed and constructed such that
there are no external climbing aids that could assist
unauthorised entry into the site or compound areas.
9.3.3.2

Ref

There are three possible categories of site in relation to


fencing specifications (refer to Table 1), but the
transformer compound must always have palisade
fencing:
Risk

Low

Medium

High

Transformer
Bund Fencing

Open
Boundary
Terminal
Fencing*
Compound
Perimeter
Fencing*
2.4 high
2.4 high
Demarcation
palisade
palisade
fence
fencing
fencing /
358
Weldmesh
2.4 high
2.4 high
Weldmesh
palisade
palisade
fencing
fencing /
358
Weldmesh
2.4 high
2.4 high
Palisade
palisade
palisade
fencing
fencing /
358
Weldmesh
Table 1 : Fencing Specification

* For clarification the Site Perimeter is considered to be the outer


boundary of the site within which all equipment /plant to be
protected from Public interference is to be housed, the Boundary is

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the edge of the 2m clear strip of land (Clear Zone) beyond the
Compound Perimeter (see 9.3.1.3).
9.3.3.3

Each site shall receive its own Risk Assessment during


design to ascertain appropriate security fencing.

9.3.3.4

In addition to the risk assessment of the fence panel type,


the kerb construction can also vary to increase security,
as referenced within Table 2.

REF

RISK

KERB* CONSTRUCTION

Low

Concrete Kerb laid and haunched as per


Highway specification.

Medium

Kerb laid as above with additional 600mm


wide x 100mm deep R.C. anti intruder strip.

High

Kerb laid as above with additional 750mm


deep R.C. beam.
Table 2 : Fence Kerb Specification

*For clarification the term Kerb refers to an HB2; 125x255x914mm


PCC Straight Half Batter kerb.
9.4

Drainage
See also Section 7.4 regarding oil containment and HSS 01 007 for UK Power
Networks policy on Site Drainage Systems.
9.4.1

Each substation site shall be considered on its own merits regarding


drainage design.

9.4.2

The selected site shall be thoroughly investigated to prove the


presence of drains or otherwise.

9.4.3

Where drains exist every effort shall be made to utilise same. The
outfall from the Substation may be subject to permissions and

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discharge consent conditions; the Discharge Consent flowchart in


Section 11 of EDS 07-0110 can be consulted in determining which, if
any, consents are required.

9.5

9.4.4

A system of land drainage may be installed adjacent to the building


at an invert level below cable entry level and connected into the
existing surface water drainage system.

9.4.5

Surface water drainage shall include roof and road surface water plus
water pumped out of the bunded areas. A Class 1 interceptor must
be used on sump discharge and road gully drainage. The Oil
interceptor shall be provided with remote monitored oil alarm.

9.4.6

In the absence of any form of existing drainage the following courses


shall be adopted:
(a)

Surface water shall be collected into its own system and


directed into a soakaway as far removed from buildings and
structures, as the site will allow.

(b)

Foul drainage shall be direct into a septic tank.

(c)

Surface water from the switchouse roof may be directed into a


proprietary rainwater recycling system (eg Klargester Envireau
rainwater harvesting system) for use within washroom.

Transformer Delivery
9.5.1

Net transport weight of transformers can be up to 40 tonnes for


Primary 33/11kV transformers and 90 tonnes for 132/33kV or
132/11kV Grid transformers. To cater for this load haulage vehicles
of the articulated type up to 18m long are used, and access roads
must be constructed accordingly. Co-ordination with the haulage
company employed to deliver the transformers is recommended.

9.5.2

Care shall be taken to ensure that the position of any overhead


equipment near or over the access road does not impede the
passage of the loaded haulage vehicle.

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9.5.3

Consideration shall be made within the design to ensure plant and


equipment can be installed in a safe and satisfactory manner. The
designer is advised to seek advice from the plant manufacturer and
installation company.

9.5.4

Transformer plinths are preferably sited alongside a road or


temporary hardstanding. Where this is not possible the use of a
crane shall be considered. If this is not practical it may be necessary
to provide temporary skidways of sufficient bearing ability to carry
the transformer in transit from the road to its plinth.

9.6 Switchgear Delivery


Delivery of switchgear will require off-loading and landing platforms at the
building entrance. Co-ordination with the Electrical Engineer to ascertain
actual requirements is recommended.
9.7 Combined Services
Due to the extent of services located within a site, drainage, cables,
earthmat, building services, multicores etc., it is imperative that the setting
out of all underground services are co-ordinated and recorded as installed.
Where possible, services shall be routed away from areas that may be used
for heavy equipment during the construction phase. If this is not possible
suitable protection shall be provided. Cable routes shall be located to avoid
the undermining of the sub-base to the site roads when excavated.
9.8

Ground Finishes
9.8.1

All ground surfaces within the substation perimeter fence to be


covered with 100mm depth of 20mm down, clean washed natural,
(rounded where possible), shingle on porous geo-textile membrane.

9.8.2

Within the 2m clear zone external to the site security fencing light
weight clinker, pea shingle or similar to be used.

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EXISTING SITES
10.1

When carrying out alterations and modification works within existing


substation buildings where some or all existing plant and cables remain
LIVE, careful consideration must be given to:-

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Creating a safe working area (temporary partitions);


Protection of plant and cables against damage;
Preventing the existing environment in the Operational portion of sites from
deteriorating;
Vibration damage (mal-operation of Relays, etc); and
Continuous safe and easy Operational Access to UK Power Networks and
other authorised staff.

(iv)
(v)

10.2

Alterations to existing structures and buildings will be carried out to match


existing finishes and details, unless a significant improvement to the
performance of the structure can be achieved by utilising alternative or
improved construction techniques and materials.

10.3

When carrying out works at existing sites, an assessment of the


condition of the entire site and existing structures shall be made with
respect to continued site life span. Any works over and above the project
requirements identified shall be presented to the UK Power Networks Project
Manager or Senior Project Manager for consideration.

11 EARTHING
11.1

Reference shall be made to the Earthing Standard Manual and ENA


Engineering Recommendation C55/4. Design by a specialist consultant may
be required.

11.2

The Earthing system is to be installed at the same time as the foundation


construction works by the Civils contractor or by a specialist sub-contractor.
The Earth tape and rods are to be protected from damage at all times.

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11.3

In accordance with IEEE 80 and Section 3 of the Earthing Standard Manual


the steel reinforcement in the structure foundations is to the bonded to the
Substation Earthing system.

11.4

A Lightning Protection System (LPS) must be designed and installed in


accordance with BS EN 62305-1:2006 Protection against lightning. The
LPS must be linked to the main building Earth in order to prevent arcing
during lightning strike conditions but is to have its own dedicated Earth
rods.

11.5

40x4mm Copper tape or 70mm2 stranded copper to be utilised unless


otherwise stated. Tape to be fixed to structures with 8mm x 40mm
stainless steel fixing pins at 300mm centres.

11.6

In high risk areas or sites considered likely to be vulnerable to unauthorised


entry and theft shields to protect the Earth tape from theft or unauthorised
interference are to be considered subject to a security assessment.
Guardian shields and the fixings are available from Alcomet Ltd, Unit 5,
Gibbons Industrial Park, Dudley Road, Kingswinford, West Midlands. DY6 8XF
Tel 01384 404488 www.alcomet.net

12 FURNITURE
Allowance in design to be made for an engineers desk with chair and a 4-drawer
filing cabinet.
13 HEALTH AND SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
13.1

The designers role in Health and Safety throughout the Project


All designers shall undertake their duties in accordance with current Health
and Safety legislation and CDM 2007, including:
(a)

Making clients aware of their duties.

(b)

Giving due regard to health and safety in the design work.

(c)

Providing adequate information about the residual health and safety


risks associated with carrying out and completing the project and any
operational risks e.g. confined spaces.

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13.2

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Designers Risk Assessments / Hazard Elimination and Management List


(HEML)
Site Specific Hazard Risk Assessments must be completed for all elements of
design and included as part of the CDM H&S documentation to be retained
on site. For a blank template HEML see EDS 00-0002.

13.3

The designer must have due consideration for the local environment both in
rural and urban environments. Consultation must be sought with the
Environment Agency and Local Authority to ensure the design is compatible
with current legislation.

13.4

Since 1st July 2007 it is a requirement by law that smoking is banned in,
amongst other areas, all enclosed work places in accordance with the Health
Act 2006. It is therefore a requirement for signage to be displayed at all
substations in accordance with Statutory Instruments 2007 No. 923 Smokefree (Signs) Regulations 2007 and Section 7.6 of the associated explanatory
memorandum.
In summary:
At least one entrance to the Switchroom and any separate ancillary buildings
must display a sign with the international No Smoking symbol and the words
No Smoking. It is against the law to smoke in these premises. All other
entrances must display at least a sign showing the international No Smoking
symbol.
All signs must be at least the equivalent of A5 in area.
The international No Smoking symbol must be at least 70mm in diameter.
For UK Power Networks substations the No Smoking. It is against the law to
smoke in these premises. sign is to be displayed on the main entrance door
of each building. International No Smoking symbol signs are to be
prominently displayed in each room (switchroom, auxiliary room, toilet, LVAC
room etc.) within each building and enclosed area.

13.5

Health and Safety File and As-built Information


Generic and site specific hazard risk assessments must be completed for all
design elements and included in the final Health and Safety documentation
for the substation.

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Full as-built records shall be produced and shall be available at the time of
hand over of the project. The Principal Contractor shall provide all
information available necessary for the CDM Co-ordinator to be able to
complete the Health & Safety file in accordance with CDM 2007 Regulations.
Records are to include:
a) Fully marked up as-built drawings detailing all structural and
dimensional details.
b) Cables and circuits within the substation are to be clearly recorded
and marked on the plans.
c) Feeds relevant but external to the substation are to be also recorded.
d) Maintenance periods and procedures and equipment supplier
information are to be provided for all equipment and plant.
e) Hard-copy of the Health & Safety file to be made available on site.
The handover process of the project must include representatives from
Network Operations and provide details of maintenance and operational
requirements essential to the safe and efficient operation of the site and/or
facilities.

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14 REFERFENCE DOCUMENTS
Ref No
EDS 00-0002
EDS 07-0101
EDS 07-0105
EDS 07-0106
EDS 07-0116
HSS 01 007
HSS 01 055
HSS 01 027

Statutory
Instruments
2007 No. 923
BS 5395-1:2000
BS 7671:2008
BS EN 623051:2006
PPS25
PPG2
PPG3
IEEE 80

Document Title
Hazard Elimination and Management List
Security Specification for UK Power Networks Operational Sites
Grid and Primary Substation Civil Standards
Substation Flood Protection
Fire Protection Standard for Operational Sites
Site Drainage Systems
Fire Risk Assessment
Protection of the Natural and Built Environment, Including Wildlife, Water
and Historic Features
Earthing Standards Manual
Town & Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995
Building Act 1984
Building Regulations 2000
Sustainable and Secure Buildings Act 2004
The Water Resources Act 1991
The Environmental Protection Act 1990
The Environment Act 1995
Electricity Supply Quality and Continuity (ESQC) Regulations 2002
Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety Order 2005
Control of Pollution (Oil Storage) (England) Regulations 2001
Health Act 2006
Loss Prevention Certification Board LPS 1175
Smoke-free (Signs) Regulations 2007

Stairs, ladders and walkways Design Code of Practice


Requirements for Electrical Installations
Protection against lightning
Development and Flood Risk
Above Ground Oil Storage Tanks
Use and design of oil separators in surface water drainage systems
Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding

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APPENDIX A
BUILDING SERVICES SPECIFICATION

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BUILDING SERVICES SPECIFICATION


FOR 33kV & 11kV SWITCHOUSES

Reviewed and Approved by:


Name
Role
Mark Dunk
Civil Standards Manager

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Signature
M. Dunk

Date

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CONTENTS

1.0
1.1
1.2
2.0
2.1.
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
4.0

GENERAL SPECIFICATION
INTRODUCTION
SCOPE
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
FINAL DISTRIBUTION BOARDS AND EQUIPMENT
CONDUIT SYSTEMS IN GENERAL
STEEL CONDUIT
CABLE TRUNKING
WIRING CABLES AND FLEXES
ACCESSORIES AND OUTLETS
INTERNAL LIGHTING
EMERGENCY LIGHTING
EXTERNAL LIGHTING
UNDERGROUND CABLES
EARTHING AND BONDING
LABELLING AND IDENTIFICATION
INTRUDER ALARM
METERING
TESTING AND COMPLETION
PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION
DISTRIBUTION BOARD/LVAC PANEL
CIRCUIT CONTAINMENT/WIRING
SMALL POWER
INTERNAL LIGHTING
EMERGENCY LIGHTING
EXTERNAL LIGHTING
SPARE LAMPS
HEATING
DEHUMIDIFIERS
SUMP PUMPS
INTRUDER ALARM SYSTEM
APPENDICES

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52
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55
56
56
57
57
57
59
59
59
59
60
61
61
61
61
62
63
63
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65
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66
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1.0
1.1

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Revision D

GENERAL SPECIFICATION
Introduction
This document specifies the general electrical requirement for the building services
installation within an 11kV (Primary Substation site) Switchouse and a 33kV (Grid
Substation site) Switchouse. The extent of the works comprises of the supply,
delivery, handling, installation, testing and commissioning of all equipment
associated with building.
All works carried out shall be undertaken by a contractor who is registered with the
NICEIC and/or ECA to carry out the whole of the works as described in this document
and set out on layout drawings. The electrical installation shall be installed and
tested to BS 7671 IEE Wiring Regulations.
Any operative working on the electrical installation in connection with the building
services of the 11kV or 33kV Switchouses shall be qualified to a minimum standard
of C&G 236, Part 2 and C&G 2381 or similar. The client reserves the right to check all
operatives qualifications prior to commencing any works on site.
If the contractor has reason to believe that anything described in this document or
shown on the layout drawings is inconsistent with his guarantee and
responsibilities, he shall draw attention to such matters at the time of tendering.
The words complete installation shall mean not only the major items of plant and
equipment conveyed by this document, but all the incidental sundry components
necessary for the complete execution of the works and for the proper operation of
the installation. If any queries arise out of the specification of drawings, the
contractor shall obtain the client representative decision before submitting his
tender.

1.2

Scope
The works shall allow for the complete heating and lighting electrical services
installation. The scope of the work shall include the following, together with all
other works necessary to provide a complete installation:

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Distribution boards and associated equipment/cabling.

1.2.1

(a)

Internal lighting scheme together with all lamps to all areas.

(b)

Emergency lighting installation.

(c)

General power distribution.

(d)

Space and water heating installation including


equipment.

(e)

Dehumidification installation.

(f)

External amenity lighting.

(g)

Floodlighting to transformer bays.

(h)

Earthing, bonding, testing and commissioning.

(j)

Provision of installed drawings, manuals and test


certificates.

Standardization and Generic Civil Design


Where possible the UK Power Networks generic design must be adopted on all civil
design projects. Specific design considerations or risk assessments may determine
alternate designs.
The following Building Services specifications and drawings listed in the drawing list
issued in conjunction with this document detail the preferred generic design for Grid
and Primary Switchrooms to be adopted within the UK Power Networks network.

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2.0
2.1.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Final Distribution Boards and Equipment

2.1.2

All distribution boards shall be totally enclosed, metal clad, heavy gauge sheet steel,
arranged for conduit entry, 500 volts rating, to BS5490. All distribution boards shall
have the facility for adding additional equipment (i.e. spare ways etc., typically
25%).

2.1.3

Distribution boards for three phase distribution shall be BS5486 Type B, of a pattern
able to house multi-pole MCBs. MCBs shall be selected as appropriate based on
the load characteristics, i.e. battery charger Type D, lighting Type B, etc.
All distribution boards shall be positioned to allow adequate space for termination of
the incoming and outgoing cables etc. All equipment shall be located to enable easy
dismantling of switchgear after erection, for maintenance purposes. Switchgear
shall be positioned to allow adequate and safe operating space in front and where
necessary at the rear. Also provision shall be allowed for padlocking off individual
MCBs.
The enclosures for all switchgear and distribution boards shall be constructed in cast
metal and/or sheet steel (not less than 1.25mm thick).

2.2

Conduit Systems in General

2.2.1

Conduits shall be sized in accordance with the latest edition of BS 7671 with a
minimum size of 20mm diameter.

2.2.2

Conduit can be either PVC or galvanised steel. PVC is conduit is to be used in all
general applications; galvanised conduit is only be used in areas of impact high
potential.

2.2.3

Use circular BESA boxes for drawing-in points, generally at two lengths of straight
conduit or after two 90o sets, but without prejudice to BS 7671.

2.2.4

Install completely and swab-through the whole conduit system before any wiring
commences. Do not pull cables round any box, burr or other source of abrasion.

2.2.5

Spacer bar type saddles shall generally be used throughout all installations. Finish
to match conduit.

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2.2.6

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Maximum distances between conduit fixings are to be as follows:Conduit size


20mm
25mm
Over 25mm

Steel
1200mm
1200mm
1500mm

PVC
750mm
750mm
900mm

In addition, fix conduits at points 250mm either side of a bend or set and 300mm
from a switch, outlet box or any other termination.
2.2.7

Where distance saddles are used, the conduit boxes must be of the raised back type
to maintain an even spacing behind the conduit.

2.2.8

Use adaptable boxes to collect conduits from multi-directional runs or wherever the
appearance of the conduit system may be improved by their use, e.g. where multiple
runs change direction through 90o.

2.2.9

Adaptable boxes shall be to BS 4568, Part 2, minimum size 100 x 100 x 50mm.
Finish to match conduit.

2.2.10 Install surface conduit throughout in horizontal and vertical runs. Where several
conduits follow similar routes, group them into neat closely spaced runs. Do not
form U sets without an outlet.
2.3

2.3.1

Steel Conduit
The following information applies to the specific use of galvanised conduit only for
use in high potential impact areas;
Steel conduit shall be heavy gauge screwed to BS 4568 part 1, either welded seam
or solid drawn, and manufactured by a member of the British Electrical Systems
Association. The protective finish shall be either Class 2 black stove enamelled or
Class 4 galvanised, as required elsewhere.

2.3.2

Earthing wires for conduit fittings shall be used throughout.

2.3.3

Conduit boxes shall be constructed of malleable iron with threaded entries or bush
entry looping boxes in accordance with BS 4568 part 2.

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2.3.4

All accessories and fittings shall comply with BS 4568 part 2. The finish is to match
the conduit.

2.3.5

Make bends and sets in a bending machine. Make good any damage to either the
enamelling or galvanising, together with all threads, with zinc phosphate primer as
the work proceeds. Finish with galvanised or black enamel paint as appropriate.
The whole of each thread must be painted before screwing on a conduit box, coupler
or locknut. The installation is to be electrically and mechanically continuous
throughout.

2.3.6

Running couplers shall only be used where no other form of coupling is accessible.
Their use shall be kept to an absolute minimum. Couplers shall be locked in
position with milled edge locking rings. Bare thread shall be painted as stated
elsewhere in this Specification.

2.3.7

File, ream and terminate all conduit ends in either:

Threaded spout entries

Clearance holes in adaptable boxes, switch boxes and the enclosures of


electrical equipment by means of a flange coupling, brass compression
washers and a brass smooth bore male bush.

Clearance holes in adaptable boxes, switch boxes and the enclosures of


electrical equipment by means of a coupler, shakeproof washer and brass
smooth bore bush.

The correct size spanner or special tool shall be used to tighten smooth bore bushes.
2.4

Cable Trunking

2.4.1

Steel cable trunking shall be manufactured to BS 4678 Part 1 for surface trunking
and BS 4678 part 2 for underfloor trunking. The finish of the trunking in both cases
is to be to class 3, painted or galvanised as required elsewhere.

2.4.2

All fittings are to be purpose made and generally of the gusset type, unless stated
elsewhere.

2.4.3

Size the trunking in accordance with BS 7671 where sizes are not given elsewhere.

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2.4.4

Where a trunking passes through a hole in the building structure, fix the cover plate
to the trunking before installation, arranged to project for 150mm each side of the
hole.

2.4.5

Where any trunking passes through a fire wall, the integrity of the fire compartment
shall be maintained with suitable fire barriers. This shall be done both inside and
outside the trunking.

2.4.6

Conductors of differing voltages may be installed in a common trunking, providing


full compliance with the segregation requirements of BS 7671 are maintained
throughout.

2.5

Wiring Cables and Flexes

2.5.1

Colour(s) of cables shall be in accordance with BS 7671 to denote phases and


neutral. 3-phase circuits must be wired with different colour cables.

2.5.2

All cables shall be BASEC certified.

2.5.3

Cables of differing voltages and of varying electrical services shall be segregated


from each other in accordance with the requirements of BS7671 and all other
Standards applicable to the services involved.

2.5.4

Minimum sizes of cables and flexible cords shall be as follows unless otherwise
detailed elsewhere:

2.5.5

Minimum conductor size for cables on lighting circuits 1.5mm2


Minimum conductor size for cables on power circuits 2.5 mm2
Minimum conductor size for flexible cords on lighting circuits 0.75mm2
Minimum conductor size for flexible cords on power circuits 1.5 mm2

2.5.6

Conduit wiring cables shall be either XLPE (90OC) insulated, non-sheathed stranded
copper cables 450/750V grade in accordance with BS 7211, as detailed elsewhere.

2.5.7

PVC insulated and sheathed single core cable shall be to BS6004, 300/500 volt
grade. Use double insulated No.618Y where no mechanical protection is afforded.

2.5.8

Flexible cables and cords shall be 85OC PVC insulated, 85OC PVC Sheathed, to
BS6141: 300/500V grade finished white unless otherwise specified elsewhere.

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2.5.9

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Cables shall be installed and fixed to manufacturers recommendations and in


accordance with the relevant sections and tables of BS7671.

2.5.10 Determine the number of cables to be drawn into each size of trunking and conduit
by reference to BS7671.
2.5.11 Leave sufficient slack at all cable terminations to permit 2 no future stripping and
reconnections to the terminal without causing undue stress in the cable.
2.6

Accessories and Outlets

2.6.1

All socket outlets are to be surface mounted double pole switched sockets and in
accordance with BS 1363:1995 unless otherwise stated elsewhere.

2.6.2

Surface mounted accessories and outlets shall be mounted on boxes from the same
manufacturer and range as the accessory or outlet.

Metal boxes shall be of the type without knockouts. Conduit entries shall be
cut on site.

Moulded boxes are not to be used for conduit entry.

2.7

Internal Lighting

2.7.1

All luminaries shall incorporate 3 Amp fused terminal blocks for their mains
connection. The Contractor shall provide fused blocks to those luminaries that do
not have them fitted as standard.

2.7.2

All switches shall be grid pattern with cover plates to match the power accessories.
Multi gang switches shall be used where appropriate and switches are to be
mounted in a logical order.

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2.8

Emergency Lighting

2.8.1

Emergency lighting system will be designed to meet BS 5266 Part 1 & 7: 1999 and so
achieve compliance with legislation.

2.8.2

The class of system is non-maintained 3 hours duration.

2.8.3

All emergency luminaries shall be connected so as to provide protection against


failure of the local circuit.

2.8.4

Above door emergency lights shall have exit legend plates over the luminaries.

2.8.5

In order to carry out periodic testing of the emergency lighting system, emergency
lighting key switches shall be installed.

2.9

External Lighting

2.9.1

Luminaires mounted on the external walls of a building shall be wired from inside
the building. The wiring method used shall be the same as for the internal lighting
as stated elsewhere and controlled via an external photocell.

2.9.2

The transformer compound lighting shall be provided by 500w metal halide


floodlights mounted on 5m lighting galvanised steel raise and lower columns. Install
sufficient columns to achieve a ground illumination level of 50Lux maintained
illuminance with a uniformity factor of 0.5 across the compound. All luminaries to be
controlled from a wall switch mounted inside the control room via suitably rated
contactor. Final location will vary from site to site, client to confirm the final location.

2.10

Underground Cables

2.10.1 Cables laid underground shall be at a minimum depth of 450mm below finished
ground level. The cables shall be laid on a sand bed 75mm deep, free of stones,
rubbish or decaying vegetation and unless otherwise stated covered with cable tiles
complying with BS 2484, the hole shall then be covered with a further 75mm depth
of sand. Under certain circumstances identification plastic tapes may be allowed in
place of cable tiles at a minimum depth of 300mm. Also all Auxiliary cables are to be
installed in ducts where practicable to afford maximum mechanical protection.

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2.10.2 Unless otherwise stated, all underground cables shall be PVC sheathed/steel wire
armoured.
2.10.3 All cable routes shall be agreed with the Clients Representative before work
commences.
2.10.4 Care shall be taken not to damage the PVC sheath during installation. Cables
damaged during the installation shall be replaced upon instruction at no extra cost.
2.10.5 Where cables cross roads, footpaths etc., they shall do so via minimum size of
100mm diameter glazed earthenware ducts or PVC pipe or duct.

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2.11

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Earthing and Bonding

2.11.1 Bond all conduits, trunking, metal enclosures, the metallic sheaths of cables and
continuity wires of sheathed cables so as to be directly connected to the earth point.
Earthing arrangements and the resistance of the protective conductors shall comply
with BS7671.
2.11.2 Ensure that earth terminals are provided at all light points, switch positions, switchsockets and Connection Unit boxes. Earth wires within boxes shall be sheathed with
green/yellow PVC sleeving.
2.12

Labelling and Identification

2.11.1 All labelling shall conform, where appropriate, to the requirements of BS7671 and
the following requirements.
2.11.2 Label all items of isolation and distribution equipment for ease of identification by
means of the specified and/or detailed engraved labels.
2.11.3 Clearly labelled DANGER 400 VOLTS, in red letters, each Switch/Fuse Isolator, Busbar chamber and Distribution Board in which 3 phase 400 Volts is present.
2.13

Intruder Alarm

2.13.1 The intruder alarm system must be supplied, installed, testing and commissioned by
a specialist UK Power Networks approved contractors.
2.13.2 Intruder alarm multi-core cables shall be enclosed within a segregated cable
containment system.
2.13.3 Each entry/exit door to be protected by door contacts.
2.13.4 External bell box to be installed, location to be agreed with client representative.
2.14

Metering

2.14.1 In order to monitor Operational electricity usage within Substation sites it is


required that a smart meter be installed.

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2.15

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Testing and Completion

2.14.1 Immediately upon completion of the electrical works complete, sign and date in
Installation Inspection Certificate. This shall be the ECA or NICEIC Certificate. The
operative carrying out this work shall be qualified to C&G 2391 or equivalent.
2.14.2 All test results/readings shall be noted and attached on separate sheets. Each set of
test results shall clearly indicate the distribution board reference and the circuit
tested.
2.14.3 The client reserves the right to witness all on-site testing and commissioning of the
electrical installation.
2.14.4 The contractor must be aware of the potential of possible high earth loop and PSC
readings equipment must be specified equipment accordingly.

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3.1

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Revision D

PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION
Distribution Board/LVAC Panel

The contractor shall allow for the design, supply and erection of a purpose built switch
panel, which will house a 24 way TP&N distribution board c/w 125A TP&N integral
disconnector, fuse switches and control devices for use in the 11kV (Primary) Switchouse
and both 33kV (Grid) Switchouses.
The above switch panel will be located within the auxiliary room and will supply all the low
voltage equipment associated with the building services installation.
The incoming LV mains supplies shall be supplied and installed by others, emanating from
remote off-site LV transformers.
Assume external loop impedance of supply at the LVAC panel will be no greater than 0.35
ohm for design purposes.
Include for the installation of an earthing conductor connected from the LVAC switch panel
main earth bar to the main earth tape installed within the basement, size to be determined
at design stage.
3.2

Circuit Containment/Wiring

All final/sub-circuits will be wired in 6491B (BS 7211) PVC single LS0H cables installed in
galvanised steel trunking and conduit of a suitable size to maintain a spacing factor as the
requirements of BS7671 including latest amendments.
3.3

Small Power

3.3.1

Install twin switched metal clad sockets wired on final ring circuits, protected by
30mA RCD units, with less than 40ms with a test current of 5 times In.

3.3.2

Socket Locations (exact positions can be agreed on site):

Socket fixes along perimeter walls of the switch room to suit equipment layout
(minimum of 8 off). Final number to be confirmed by client representative.

Socket fixed along perimeter of auxiliary room to suit equipment layout (minimum of
3 off). Final number to be confirmed by client representative.

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40A DP switch for 7kW instantaneous over sink water heater (Redring 7kW).

13A switched fused connection unit supplied for electric panel heaters and warm air
hand dryer.

Wall mounted extract fan powered from a local light circuit, switched by a integral
PIR.

Mount all small power accessories at 1200mm from finished floor level.

3.4

Internal Lighting

3.4.1

All switches shall be grid pattern with cover plates to match the power accessories
with all surface boxes without knockouts. Multi gang switches shall be used where
appropriate mounted at 1400mm from floor level.

3.4.2 Switchroom internal lighting to comprise of wall mounted 2 x 58w 1500mm


fluorescent fittings with sealed diffusers installed at 2250mm from floor level to the
centre line of the fitting. Auxiliary Room internal lighting to comprise of ceiling
mounted 2 x 58w 1500mm fluorescent fittings with sealed diffusers installed at
2700mm from floor level to the underside of the fitting.
3.4.3 Calculate at the tender stage the quantity of internal fittings required to achieve the
following levels of illumination in accordance with HSG 38 Lighting at Work and
CIBSE Code for Lighting:

In switch houses, 500 lux maintained luminance with a uniform factor of 0.8 across
the front and rear elevation of all the switchgear, including spare bays.

In auxiliary rooms, 500 lux maintained luminance with a uniform factor of 0.8 across
the front and rear elevation of island panel suites and wall mounted equipment.

In cable basement, 100 lux maintained luminance lux with a uniform factor of 0.7
across the entire floor area.

3.4.4

Luminary location of exact positions can be agreed on site with the clients
representative.

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Twin fluorescent fittings around the perimeter of the switch room at equidistant
spacing. Provide single gang switch adjacent to outside doorway and doorway from
relay room (two way working).

Twin fluorescent fittings on ceiling of the auxiliary room at equidistant spacing.


Provide single gang switch adjacent to outside doorway.

3.4.5

Basement lighting to switch house to comprise of twin 1500mm fluorescent fittings


c/w sealed diffusers positioned at equidistant spacing across the ceiling. Provide
single gang watertight switch inside basement across door.

3.4.6

The relay panel interior lighting supply will be installed by others following building
completion.

3.5

Emergency Lighting

3.5.1

Provide non-maintenance emergency lights, with exit legends, above each exit door
from the switch house.

3.5.2

Periodic testing of the emergency lighting installation shall be carried out by key
switches mounted adjacent to general purpose light switch in the auxiliary room.

3.5.3

Emergency lighting shall consist of 3hr self contained non-maintained battery


conversion kits housed within general purpose luminaries and emergency exit signs.

3.5.4

Emergency luminaries shall conform to the latest recommendation; the design of the
luminaries shall have been tested and approved in accordance with the ICEL
Scheme.

3.5.5

Emergency luminaries that are exit signs shall have legends, which conform to the
European Sign Directive Format.

3.6

External Lighting

3.6.1

The external lighting to comprise of wall mounted amenity style vandal resistant
bulkhead luminaries fitted with 28w 2D lamps.

3.6.2

The required number and mounting height of the external luminaries is that every
exit door (including basement door) has a fitting above the external landing mounted

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Standards

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Revision D

just above the transom level of the door. Exact positions can be agreed on site with
the client representative.
3.6.3

The wall lights shall be wired in PVC singles contained in conduit fed back entry into
the light fittings.

3.6.4

External building lighting to be switched via an external photocell which will switch
on at dusk and then off at midnight.

3.6.5

Provide internal switch within auxiliary room for manual control of all external lights,
when required.

3.6.6

The transformer external compound lighting consists of 2 number 500w TH


floodlight per transformer mounted on 5m high-galvanised steel lighting columns
complete with raise and lower mechanism. Where transformers are enclosed the
floodlights can be installed on surrounding building structures in agreement with the
clients representative. This will remove maintenance access requirements for
columns although lights fixed to building structures must be at least 3.5 meters from
all live parts of the adjacent transformer.

3.6.7

In accordance with CIBSE Code for Lighting the level of lighting in transformer bays
will need to be increased to 300 lux maintained illuminance. This can be achieved by
the use of temporary lights during periods where work is to be carried out. The lights
are to be positioned to suit the work being carried out.

3.6.8

Designated XLPE/SWA cable routed through cable ducts supplied from LVAC power
housed in the auxiliary room.

3.6.9

The transformer compound lighting shall be switched via designated floodlighting


contactor and manual one gang one switch incorporating within the LVAC panel.

3.7

Spare Lamps

3.7.1

Provide spare lamps of each type installed within the completed building. Supply a
quantity of two lamps of each type installed except for 1500mm fluorescent, five
spare tubes are required.

3.8

Heating

3.8.1

All switchouse heaters to be in accordance with BS EN 60335-2-30:2003.

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

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Engineering
Standards

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

3.8.2

Heating to be provided by wall mounted panel convector heaters rated at minimum 2


kW. The heating is background only with an occupancy boast required from a central
controller.

3.8.3

Install wall mounted heaters in Auxiliary room (final position to be agreed) controlled
by a central electronic programmable thermostat located in the Switchroom and
connected to common heating circuit via dedicated switched fused connection unit.

3.8.4

Install wall mounted heaters in Switchroom (positions to be agreed) controlled by


central electronic programmable thermostat and connected to common heating
circuit by dedicated switched fused connection units.

3.8.5

The thermostat controlling the heaters shall be set at 5C and locked off against
tampering. An override switch with a 4 hour maximum timer shall be fitted to allow
an increase in ambient temperature to 21C during occupation.

3.9

Dehumidifiers

3.9.1

The switch hall requires the installation of two permanently fixed dehumidifiers to
maintain the relative humidity within the space to below 60%.

3.9.2

The contractor shall install and connect dehumidifiers generally as indicated on the
layout drawings and in accordance with the appropriate manufacturers Operation &
Maintenance Manual.

3.9.3

The units are to be mounted at approximately 200mm above floor level, final
positioning shall be agreed on site prior to installation.

3.9.4

Include for drain pipes routed directly through the wall into the rainwater gulley.
Each drain is to be installed complete with trace heating cable, which shall be
installed in accordance with the manufacturers instructions. The contractor shall
take care when installed the units to ensure that the condensate drains are neatly
clipped to the wall and exit the building at a height which enables the end of the
drain to be neatly fixed to the outside wall with a minimum protrusion.

3.9.5

Each dehumidifier incorporates a set of humidity alarm contacts. The Contractor


shall wire 2 x 1.5mm2 single cores within separate conduit/trunking from each unit
to an adaptable box at the mains position. Final connection to the alarm panel will
be by others.

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

65

Engineering
Standards

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

3.9.6

Provide a dedicated radial circuit to each dehumidifier complete with switched fused
connection unit mounted adjacent to dehumidifiers.

3.10

Sump Pumps

3.10.1 If required the contractor shall allow for the supply, installation and commissioning
of two single phase submersible pumps at each end of the basement. The pumps
will draw water from the grated sumps and discharge through the basement wall into
the rainwater gulley at each end of the building. Details on the exact installation
requirements for the pumps and associated controls to be agreed on site.
3.10.2 Provide a high level watertight connection unit at each end of the basement for the
supply to the pumps to be installed below. Each sump pump control unit to have a
dedicated radial circuit back to the distribution board.
3.11

Intruder Alarm System

3.11.1 The contractor shall employ the services of specialist UK Power Networks current
approved Security contractor to supply, install and commission the intruder Alarm
system for the switch house utilising equipment approved for use and compatible
with current UK Power Networks Company Security standards.
3.11.2 The Alarm repeat keypad shall be mounted as indicated on the layout drawing and
be capable of accepting a designated security number.
3.11.3 Perimeter protection shall be provided within the substation with the use of door
contacts only (PIRs are not to be used).
3.11.4 The Alarm control panel shall be fitted with a repeat auxiliary relay facility with a pair
of volt free contacts (normally open) that will close upon alarm initiation and that will
carry 10mA dc.
3.11.5 The contractor shall supply and install and terminate a 4 core cable between the
Intruder Alarm panel auxiliary relay and a third party remote call centre, if required.
3.11.6 The contractor shall install all necessary power supplies, location to be agreed with
specialist contractor.

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

66

Engineering
Standards

4.0

APPENDICES

4.1

Schedule of Equipment

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Type
Distribution Equipment
Surface metalclad type B, 125A rating c/w
MEM, Dorman Smith Merlin Gerin or similar integral isolator housed within LVAC panel
approved
Accessories
Surface Metalclad on boxes without
MK, MEM, Crabtree or similar approved
knockouts. Light Switches Grid Pattern.
Surface Metalclad Sockets Twin Switched
Connection Units Switch Fused.
Dehumidifiers
Ebac or similar approved

Heaters and Controls

Nominal
airflow
90m3/hr
desiccant
dehumidifier with air cooled condenser with
wall installation kit and pump drain, c/w
wall mounted humidstat (RH15) or similar
approved.
All Heaters:- PLX/NC wall mounted
convector panel heater with no in-built
control except safety cut-out. Rating 2.0
kW.
Switchroom
Control:PX010eCentral
control unit / thermostat configures for
comfort boost of 21C for 4 hours
(repeatable) and setback to 5C when
unoccupied.
Provide 63A heating contactor with
enclosure between controller and heater
circuit in switch hall.

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

67

Engineering
Standards

Grid & Primary Substation Design Guide


Revision D

Schedule of Luminaires

AREA/TYPE

Internal
A & AE

A1 & A1E

External
Transformer
Compound
Emergency
E & E1

MODEL/RANGE

LAMP TYPE

Surface mounted, high impact resistance,


fluorescent luminaire and proof diffuser
to IP65
AE as above c/w maintained 3 hr
emergency battery pack
Surface mounted, high impact resistance,
fluorescent luminaire and proof diffuser
to IP65
AE as above c/w maintained 3 hr
emergency battery pack
Surface mounted compact luminaire c/w
HF control gear and optical diffuser

2 x 1600mm 58w
T8: 3500K

Vandal resistant, corrosion resistant wall


mounted luminaire c/w control gear
250w Metal Halide Luminaire mounted on
5m steel column to suit application i.e.
raise and lower mechanism.
Self contained luminaire with 3 hr nonmaintained operation to IP65.
E1 fitted with escape legend to current
building regulations requirements.

70W SON

Document Ref: EDS 07-0105 Civil Design Guide Rev D

1 x 1500mm 58W
T8 : 3500k

28W, 2D 4 PIN

1 x 500w 240v,
CAP R7
1 x 300mm
8w, T16

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