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Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe before World War II

Ludwig Mies van der


Rohe,
1886-1969

Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Exchange, Amsterdam, 1897-1903


Berlage was a man of great seriousness who would not accept
anything that was fake and it was he who had said that nothing whould
be built that is not clearly constructed. And Berlage did exactly that.
And he did it to such an extent that his famous building in Amsterdam,
the Exchange, has a medieval character without being medieval. He
used brick in the way medieval people did. The idea of a clear
construction came to me there as one of the fundamentals we should
accept. Mies van der Rohe quoted in Frampton, p. 161.

Karl Friederich Schinkel, BauAkademie, Berlin, 1831. Concept of Baukunst = Building Art

Karl Friederich Schinkel, Altes Museum, Berlin, 1822-30.

Mies van der Rohe, Riehl House, Berlin, 1907.

Peter Behrens, AEG Pavilion, Shipbuilding Exposition, Berlin, 1908

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,


Bismark Monument Project,
Bingen, Germany, perspective, 1910

Mies van der Rohe,


Friederichstrasse Skyscraper,
Berlin, 1919

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Friedrichstrasse Skyscraper Competition,


Berlin, 1919-1921. plan

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,


Friedrichstrasse Skyscraper Competition,
Berlin, 1919-1921. Model
In my project for a skyscraperI used a
prismatic formI discovered by working
with actual glass models that the important
thing is the play of reflections and not the
effect of light and shadow as in ordinary
buildings. The results of these
experiments may be seen in the second
scheme
Mies van der Rohe quoted in Frampton, p.
162.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,


Friedrichstrasse Skyscraper Competition,
Berlin, 1919-1921. plan

Mies van der Rohe, Concrete Office Building project, Berlin, Germany, 1923.

Frank Lloyd Wright, Larkin Building, Buffalo, NY, 1904, exterior and interior.

Piet Mondrian, Tableau No. 2, 1914

Theo van Doesburg,


Counter-construction
1923

Mies van der Rohe, Country House project, 1923.

Mies van der Rohe, Country House project, 1923.

Mies van der Rohe, Monument to Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, Berlin,
1926.

Weissenhof Housing, General view, Stuttgart, 1927

Bruno Taut, Alpine Architecture,


1919

Mies van der Rohe, Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart, 1927

Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich, Velvet and Silk Caf, Berlin, 1927

Mies van der Rohe, MR 10 Chair for the Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart, 1927

Mies van der Rohe, Alexanderplatz Competition, Berlin, 1928

Mies van der Rohe, Alexanderplatz Competition, Berlin, 1928

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1928-9, sketch perspective

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1929

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1929

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1929, plan

Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, Chicago, Ill., 1908-1909, section and ground floor plan.

Theo van Doesburg, Rhythms of a Russian Dance, Painting, 1918.

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1929, section

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavilion, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, interior

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929

Mies van der Rohe, German Pavilion, World Exhibition, Barcelona, 1929, entry

Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona Chair, 1929

Garden Chair,
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
1820-5.

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930.

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930.

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930.

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930, entry

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930, stair

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930. Section

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930. 2nd Fl Plan

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930. 1st Fl Plan

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930, living room

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat


House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930.

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930, dining room

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat House, Brno, Czech Republic, 1930, sun room

Mies van der Rohe, Tugendhat Table, 1928

Mies van der Rohe, Brno Chair, 1930

Mies van der Rohe, Berlin Building Exhibition House, 1931, plan

Mies van der Rohe, Berlin Building Exhibition House, 1931

Mies van der Rohe, Berlin Building Exhibition House, 1931

Mies van der Rohe, Courtyard House, student project, date unknown.

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Keenan Riley, Courtyard Houses, designed 1931-35; Miami, constructed 2006

Le Corbusier, (born Charles Edouard Jeanneret) 1887-1965

La Chaux-de-Fonds in 1852.

Le Corbusier, Watch case design, 1903.

Le Corbusier, Villa Fallet, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1905

Le Corbusier, Villa Fallet, La


Chaux de Fonds,
Switzerland, 1905

Josef Hoffmann, Palais Stoclet for Adolf and Suzanne Stoclet, bankers and
collectors, Brussels, view of the street faade from the northwest, 1905-1910.

Peter Behrens, AEG Turbine Factory, Berlin, 1908-1909

Le Corbusier and Walter


Gropius in Paris

Francois Hennebique, monolithic reinforced-concrete joint, patented 1892

Auguste Perret,
25 bis rue Franklin
Paris, 1903

Auguste Perret,
25 bis rue Franklin
Paris, 1903

Eugene Henard, Rue Actuelle, 1910.

Eugene Henard, Rue Future, 1910.

Eugene Henard, Une Ville de LAvenir: Vue a Vol Daeroplane, (A City of the
Future: View from the wing of an airplane) 1910.

Eugene Henard, Rue Redans, 1903.

Le Corbusier, Sketch of the Charterhouse of Ema, Italy, 1907.

Le Corbusier, Art School, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1910

Le Corbusier, Villa Jeanneret, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1912

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1916

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1916

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1916

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1916, first floor plan

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1916, second floor


plan

Le Corbusier, Villa Schwob, La


Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland,
1916, interior

Le Corbusier, Maison Dom-Ino, 1915

Le Corbusier, Maison Dom-Ino, in perspective with plan showing groups, 1915

Le Corbusier, Maison Monol, 1919.

Le Corbusier, Still Life, 1920

Le Corbusier, Maison Citrohan, 1920

Le Corbusier, Maison Citrohan, 1920, plans

Tony Garnier, housing , Cit Industrielle, 1904-17. Corb saw them first in 1919.

Tony Garnier, Cit Industrielle, aerial view, 1904-17

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, plan 1922

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, sketches 1922

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, sketches 1922

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, sketches 1922

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, sketches 1922

Le Corbusier, Plan Voisin, 1925

Le Corbusier, Plan Voisin, Paris, 1925

Le Corbusier, Plan Voisin, Paris, 1925

You employ stone, wood and concrete, and with these materials you build
houses and palaces; that is construction. Ingenuity is at work. But suddenly you
touch my heart, you do me good, I am happy and I say: This is beautiful. That is
Architecture. Art enters in. My house is practical. I thank you, as I might thank
railway engineers or the telephone service. You have not touched my heart. But
suppose that walls rise towards heaven in such a way that I am moved. I perceive
your intentions. Your mood has been gentle, brutal, charming or noble. The
stones you have erected tell me so. You fix me to the place and my eyes regard it.
They behold something which expresses a thought. A thought which reveals
itself without word or sound, but solely by means of shapes which stand in a
certain relationship to one another. These shapes are such that they are clearly
revealed in light. The relationships between them have not necessarily any
reference to what is practical or descriptive. They are a mathematical creation of
your mind. They are the language of Architecture. By the use of inert materials
and starting from conditions more or less utilitarian, you have established certain
relationships which have aroused my emotions. This is Architecture.
Le Corbusier, Towards a New Architecture, 1923, from Frampton, p. 149.

Le Corbusier, Towards a New Architecture, 1923.

Le Corbusier, House and


Studio for Amedee
Ozenfant, Paris, 1923

Le Corbusier, House and Studio for Amedee Ozenfant, Paris, 1923, interior

Le Corbusier, Maison La Roche / Jeanneret, Paris, 1923

Le Corbusier, Maison La Roche / Jeanneret, Paris, 1923, plan.

Le Corbusier, Maison La Roche / Jeanneret, Paris, 1923, interior

Le Corbusier, LEsprit Nouveau, Pavilion, Exposition des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, 1925

Le Corbusier, LEsprit Nouveau, Pavilion, Exposition des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, 1925

Le Corbusier, Maison Cook, Boulogne-sur-Seine, faade, 1926-7

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa de Monzie, Garches, France, 1927

Le Corbusier, comparison Villa de Monzie and Palladios Villa Malcontenta, 1560 (top)

Andrea Palladio, Villa Foscari, (La Malcontenta), 1560, Malcontenta di Mira, Italy

Le Corbusier
Five points of Architecture:
1. Pilotis elevating building off
ground
2. Free plan allowed by
separating walls from the
columns
3. Free Faade, unattached to
columns
4. Horizontal sliding windows
5. Roof garden recovering the
area lost where building
covers ground

Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret), Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart ,1927.

Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret), Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart ,1927.

Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret), Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart ,1927.

Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret), Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart ,1927.

Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeanneret), Weissenhof Housing, Stuttgart ,1927,


interior.

Le Corbusier
Five points of Architecture:
1. Pilotis elevating building off
ground
2. Free plan allowed by
separating walls from the
columns
3. Free Faade, unattached to
columns
4. Horizontal sliding windows
5. Roof garden recovering the
area lost where building
covers ground

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Villa de Monzie, Garches, France, 1927

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC1 Basculant Chair, 1928.

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC2 Grand Comfort Armchair, 1928.

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC7 Revolving Armchair, 1928.

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC4 Chaise Lounge, 1928.

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC4 Chaise Lounge, 1928. Patent drwg.

Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret, Charlotte Perriand, LC6 Table, 1928.

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, model, MoMA

Chauffeur
Laundry
staff

garage

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, ground floor plan

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, interior first floor

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, entry

bedroom

bedroom

bedroom
Terrace

kitchen
Living/Dining

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, first floor plan

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, section

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, roof deck

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, interior

Sun terrace

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, roof plan

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, 1929-31, ramp and roof deck

Le Corbusier, Sketch of Twenty Replicas of Villa Savoye, Buenos Aires, 1929.


Published in Precisions.

Le Corbusier, Four Compositions of 1929: Maison La Roche, Villa at Garche,


Weissenhofsiedlung, Villa Savoye

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, League of Nations project, 1927, plan

Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand, Precis des lecons donnees a lEcole Polytechnique (1802-09), plan forms.

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, League of Nations project, 1927, axonometric

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Palace of the Soviets project, Moscow, 1931,
sketches

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Mundaneum project, Geneva, 1929


Center for World Thought

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Voiture Maximum, 1928

Early advertisement for Volkswagen, c. 1937

BMW, Isetta, c. 1952

Ivan Leonidov, project for Magniogorsk, 1930. A 20-mile road links the industrial plant to an
agricultural commune in the interior. Frampton, 177.

Le Corbusier studying a model of redent housing for the Ville Radieuse, 1930s

Le Corbusier, redent housing for the Ville Radieuse, 1930s, plan

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Ville Radieuse, (Radiant City) 1931. Plan showing zoning in
parallel bands: from offices (top) via housing and culture (middle), to industry (bottom).

Le Corbusier, Contemporary City for Three Million Inhabitants, plan 1922

Le Corbusier, sketch of nude, Algiers, c. 1930.

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, Ville Radieuse, plan of 5 bedroom unit, 1931

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Plan Obus for Algiers, model, 1930

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Plan Obus for Algiers, 1930

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Rio de Janiero, 1931

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Plan for Zln, Czechoslovakia, 1935

Le Corbusier, Chandigarh, India, masterplan, 1950

Le Corbusier, Chandigarh, India, plan of governmental center, 1950

Lcio Costas plan for Brasilia of 1957

Le Corbusier, Maison Clart apartments, Geneva, Switzerland, 1932

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Cit de Refuge (Salvation Army Hostel), Paris, 1929-33

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Cit de Refuge (Salvation Army Hostel), Paris, plan, 1929-33

Le Corbusier, Still Life, 1920

Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret, League of Nations project, 1927, axonometric

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33, north elevation

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33, first floor plan

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33, second floor plan

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33, section

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33, pilotis

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion,Paris, 1931-33,


entry

Le Corbusier, Swiss Pavilion, Paris, 1931-33,


interior

Le Corbusier, Weekend House, La


Celle-St.-Cloud, France, 1935

Le Corbusier, Weekend House, La


Celle-St.-Cloud, France, 1935

Le Corbusier, Weekend House, La


Celle-St.-Cloud, France, 1935

Le Corbusier, Weekend House,


Paris, France, 1935

Le Corbusier and Jeanneret, Errazuriz House (unrealized), Chile, 1933

Brazilian Team

Le Corbusier on
another site

Le Corbusier on
real site

Brazilian Team
with Le Corbusier

Lucio Costa, Evolution of Design for the Ministry of Education, Rio de Janiero, 1936-38

Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and others (with Le Corbusier), Ministry of Education, Rio
de Janeiro, 1936-45, plan and views

Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and others (with Le Corbusier), Ministry of Education, Rio
de Janeiro, 1936-45, perspective and model

Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and others (with Le Corbusier), Ministry of Education, Rio
de Janeiro, 1936-45, north facade

Roberto Burle Marx, Ministry of Education, Rio de Janeiro, 1938, plan for terrace garden

Roberto Burle Marx, Ministry of Education, Rio de Janeiro, 1938, terrace garden

Wallace K. Harrison (and Le Corbusier), The United Nations, New York, 1947