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University of Palestine

Faculty of Applied Engineering & Urban


Planning
Civil Engineering Department

Course/ Fluid Mechanics lab


Report (2)
Archimedes Principle

prepared by:

Taha AlRiyati 120140567


Submitted for:
Eng. Waleed Alostaz
Submission date:
14/12/2016

Ex.#2: Archimedes Principle

:Objective
The objective of this Experiment is Verification of
Archimedes' principle and Study buoyancy for regularly
body.

:Apparatus
* Three wood cubes.
* Balance.
* Water Container.
* Metal weights.

:Theory
Archimedes principle states that a body wholly or partially
submerged in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal in
magnitude to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body.
It is important to remember that fluid includes liquids and
gases. This force is given by:
F B= Vg

When a metallic block is immersed in water (or any other


liquid), four vertical forces act upon the block below the
surface of water. These forces can be grouped into two
types of forces.
1. Downward forces
a. The weight of the block.

b. The downward thrust due to pressure of the


liquid on the upper surface of the block.
2. Upward forces
a. The tension of the spring, which measures the
apparent weight.

:Procedure
1/ Fill the containar with water.
2/ Weighing wooden cubes and calculate the density of
them.
3/put the first cube(7cm*7.5cm*7cm) in container,
measure the length of the submerged part of the cube in
the water(h).
4/ put the second cube(9cm*9cm*7cm) in container,
measure the length of the submerged part of the cube in
the water(h).
5/ Start adding metal weights on second cube until the
Cube becomes totally immersed.
6/ put the third cube(9.5cm*9.5cm*7.3cm) in container,
measure the length of the submerged part of the cube in
the water(h).
7/ Start adding metal weights on third cube until the Cube
becomes totally immersed.

Calculation:
3

For Cube 1*
V=7*7.5*7=367.5 cm3
m=178.75 g
wood

Cube 1
Without
weight

=m/v =178.75/367.5 =0.486 g/cm3


h

experiment
wood

3.5cm

h theoretical
gVdis= water gVdis

7)*9.81*1=(7*7.5*7)*9.81*0.486
h=
(h*7.5*
0.4869.81(77.57)
19.81(77.5)

=3.402 cm

For Cube 2*
V=9*9*7=567 cm3
m=276.7 g
.

Cube 2

experiment

Theoretical
wood

Without
weight

with 20 g
W20
=20*9.81
196.2=

=m/v =276.7/567= 0.488 g/cm3

cm 3.5

g Vdis=

water

9)*9.81*1=(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488
h=
(h*9*
0.4889.81( 997)
19.81(99)

cm 3.6

g Vdis

wood

g Vdis+ W20=

=3.416 cm

water

Vdis
*9.81*1=196.2+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=

(h*9*9)

0.4889.81( 997 ) +196.2


=3.66c
19.81(99)
m

with 50 g
W50
=50*9.81
490.5=

with 100 g
W100
=100*9.8
981=

with 150 g
W150
=150*9.8
1471.5=

with 200 g
W200
=200*9.8
1962=

cm 3.9

wood

g Vdis+ W50=

water

Vdis
*9.81*1=490.5+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=

(h*9*9)
0.4889.81( 997 ) +490.5
19.81(99)

cm 4.8

wood

g Vdis+ W100=

=4.033cm

water g

Vdis
)*981*1=196.2+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=
(h*9*9
0.4889.81( 997 ) +981
19.81( 99)

cm 5.4

wood

g Vdis+ W150=

=4.650cm

water g

Vdis
9.81*1=1471.5+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=

(h*9*9)*
0.4889.81( 997 ) +1471.5
19.81( 99)

cm 5.9

with 250 g complet


W250=250*9.
e

wood

g Vdis+ W200=

=5.26cm

water g

Vdis
)*9.81*1=1962+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=

(h*9*9

0.4889.81( 997 ) +1962


19.81( 99)
wood

g Vdis+ W250=
Vdis

=5.88cm
water

81
2452.5=

immersi
on

9.81*1=2452.5+(7*9*9)*9.81*0.488

h=

(h*9*9)*
0.4889.81( 997 ) +2452.5
19.81( 99)
=6.502cm

For Cube 3*
V=9.5*9.5*7.3=658.825cm3
m=315g
wood

Without
weight

=m/v =315/658.825= 0.478 g/cm3


wood

cm 3.8

g Vdis =

water

g Vdis

9.5)*9.81*1=(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928

h=

(h*9.5*
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )
19.81(9.59.5)
=3.49cm

with 50 g
W50
=50*9.8
490.5=

wood

g Vdis +W50=

cm 4.45

water

Vdis
)*9.81*1=+(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928

h=

(h*9.5*9.5
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )+ 490.5
19.81(9.59.5)

=4.04cm

with 100 g
W100=100*9
.8
981=

wood

cm 5.5

g Vdis +W100=

water

Vdis
)*9.81*1=+(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928
h h=*9.5*9.5
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )+ 981
19.81( 9.59.5)

=4.6cm
6

with 150 g
W250=150*9
.8
1471.5=

wood

cm 5.9

g Vdis +W260=

water

Vdis
)*9.81*1=+(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928

h= (h*9.5*9.5
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )+ 1471.5
19.81(9.59.5)

=5.15cm

with 250 g
W250

wood

cm 7.1

=250*9.8
2452.5=

g Vdis +W250=

water

Vdis
)*9.81*1=+(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928

h= (h*9.5*9.5
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )+ 2452.5
19.81( 9.59.5)

=6.26cm

with 260 g
W260=20*9. Complet
e
8
immersi
2550.6=
on

wood

g Vdis +W260=

water

Vdis
)*9.81*1=+(7.3*9.5*9.5)*9.81*0.928

h= (h*9.5*9.5
0.4789.81( 9.59.57.3 )+ 2550.6
19.81(9.59.5)

=6.37cm

:Comment
1/ The cubes was not regularly and thus the cubes
floats diagonally and we cannot calculate the value
of ( h ) accurately.
2/The second and third cubes not complete
immersion because not regularly.