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CHEMICAL BONDING
Fill in the blanks:
1. Among N2 O, SO 2 ,I3 the linear species are
.and
+
2. When N2 goes to N2 the NN bond distance ..... and
+
when O2 goes to O2 the OO bond distance
is.
3. The two types of bonds present in CO are covalent
and
+
4. The shape of [CH3] is ..
5. The atomic orbitals on C in acetylene
ishybrdized.

10.

11.
12.

True / False:
1.
2.
3.

Dipole moment of CH3Cl is greater than that of CCl3H


H2O molecule is linear.
The presence of polar bonds in a poly-atomic molecule 13.
suggests that the molecule has non-zero dipole
moment.
3
4.
sp hybrid orbitals have equal s and p character.
5.
In benzene, carbon uses all the three p-orbitals for
hybridization.
14.
6.
SnCl2 is a non-linear molecule.
7.
All molecules with polar bonds have dipole moment.
8.
H-F is more ionic than H-Br
15.
9.
H-F bond is stronger than H-I
10.
Both Br F3 and BF3 are T-shaped
11.
Correct sequence regarding dipole moment is:
CHCl3> CH2Cl2 > CH3Cl > CH4
Multiple Choice Questions with ONE correct answer: 16
1.
The species having bond order different from that

+
17.
in CO is (A) NO (B)NO (C) CN (D)N2
2.
Among the following, the paramagnetic
2-

3.

4.

5.

6.
7.

8.

9.

compound is (A) O2 (B)O3 (C) N2O (D ) O2


Which species has the maximum number of lone
pair of electrons on the central atom?
(A) [ClO3] (B) XeF4 (C)SF4 (D) [I3]
According to molecular orbital theory which of the
following statement about the magnetic character
+
and bond order is correct regarding O2
(A) Paramagnetic and Bond order < O2
(B) Paramagnetic and Bond order> O2
(C) Diamagnetic and Bond order <O2
(D) Diamagnetic and Bond order> O2
Which of the following are isoelectronic and

isostructural? NO3 , CO3 , ClO3 , SO3

(A)NO3 , CO3
(B)SO3,NO3

2
2
(C) ClO3 , CO3
(D)CO3 , SO3
Which of the following molecular species has
2
unpaired electron(s) (A CN (B)F2(C)O2 (D) O2
On hybridization of one s and one p orbitals we get:
(A) two mutually perpendicular orbitals
(B) two orbitals at 180
(C) four orbitals directed tetrahedrally
(D) three orbitals in a plane
Formal charge on Nitrogen of nitrate ion
,ammonia and ammonium ion is
(A)-1, 0,+1 (B) +1,0,+1 (C) 0,+1,+1 (D) -1,0,-1
Specify the coordination geometry around and
hybridisation of N and B atoms in a 1:1 complex
of BF3 and NH3

18.

19.

20.

21.
22.

23.

24
25.

(A) N: tetrahedral, sp B: tetrahedral, sp


3
3
(B) N : pyramidal, sp B : pyramidal, sp
3
2
(C) N: pyramidal, sp B : planar, sp
3
3
(D) N : pyramidal, sp B : tetrahedral, sp
The correct order of hybridization in the following
-2
species NH3, [PtCl4] ,PCI5 and BCI3 is
2
3
2
3
3
2
3
2
(A) dsp , dsp sp and sp (B) sp , dsp , dsp and sp
2
2
3
3
2
3
2
3
(C) dsp , sp , sp dsp (D) dsp , sp , sp , dsp
The molecule that has linear structure is
(A) CO2(B) NO2(C)SO2(D) SiO2
The hybridization of atomic orbitals of nitrogen in
+
+
NO2 , NO3 and NH4 are respectively
3
2
2
3
(A) sp, sp and sp (B) sp, sp and sp
2
3
2
3
(C) sp sp and sp (D) sp , sp and sp
Molecular shapes of SF4, CF4 and XeF4 are
(A) the same, with 2, 0 and I lone pairs of electrons
(B) the same, with 1, 1 and I lone pairs of electrons
(C) different, with 0, 1 and 2 lone pairs of electrons
(D) different, with 1, 0 and 2 lone pairs of electrons
The geometry of H2S and its dipole moment are
(A) angular and non-zero (B) angular and zero
(C) linear and non-zero(D) linear and zero
The correct order of increasing C O bond length of
-2
CO, CO3 , CO2 is
-2

-2

(A) CO3 <CO2 < CO (B) CO2 < CO3 <CO


-2
-2
(C) CO < CO3 < CO2 (D)CO <CO2 < CO3
The hybridization of sulphur in sulphur dioxide
3
2
2
is: (A) sp(B) sp (C)sp (D) dsp
The number and type of bonds between two
carbon atoms in CaC2 are:
(A) one sigma () and one pi() bonds
(B) one sigma () and two pi () bonds
(C) one sigma () and one and a half pi () bonds
(D) one sigma () bond.
Among the following species, identify the
+
isostructural pairs NF3, NO3, BF3, H3O , NH3
+
(A) [NF3,NO3] and [BF3. H3O ]

(B) [NF3,HN3] and [NO3 , BF3]


+
(C) [NF3. H3O ] and [NO3, BF3]
+
(D)[NF3, H3O ] and [NH3, BF3]
The type of hybrid orbitals used by the chlorine
atom in ClO2 is
3
2
(A)sp (B)sp (C)sp(D) none of these
3
The compound in which C uses its sp hybrid
orbitals for C O bond formation is:
(A) HCOOH(B) (H2N)2C(C)(CH3)3COH(D) CH3CHO
The molecule which has pyramidal shape is:
-2
(A)PCI3(B)SO3(C)CO3 (D) NO3
The ClCCl angle in 1, 1, 2, 2 tetrachloroethene
and tetrachloromethane respectively will be about
(A) 120 and 109.5(B)90 and 109.5
(C) 109.5and90(D)109.5 and 120
2
The species in which the central atom uses sp
hybrid orbitals in its bonding is
+
(A) PH3(B) NH3(C)CH3 (D) SbH3
The hybridization of sulphur in sulphur dioxide
is:
3
2
2
(A) sp(B) sp (C)sp (D) dsp
Choose the incorrect statement:
(a) A pie bond is weaker than sigma bond
(b) A pie bond has a nodal plane
(c) A (=) bond is stronger than sigma bond

CHEMISTRY BY MUKESH SHARMA

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(d) bond is formed by p-p collat.overlapping

L : 1s 2s 2p
Q : 1s 2s 2p 3s 3p
2
2
6
1
2
2
6
2
P : 1s 2s 2p 3s R : 1s 2s 2p 3s
The formulae of ionic compounds that could be
formed between them are:
(a) L2P, RL, PQ, R2Q (b) LP, RL, PQ, RQ
(c) P2L, RL, PQ, RQ2
(d) LP, R2L, P2Q, RQ
38.

Which combination of orbitals is correct ?


(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

39 The true statements from the following are:


1. PH5 and BiCl5 do not exist
2. one p-d bond is present in SO3
3. formal charge on carbon of CO is -1
4. SeF4 and CF4 have same shape

5. I 3 has bent geometry


(a) 1, 3 (b) 1, 2,3, 5 (c) 1, 3, 5 (d) 1, 2, 4

One or more than one correct


40.
41.
42.

43.
44
45
46

47

48.
49.

36.

37.

The shapes of XeF6, XeF4 and XeF2 are:


(a) octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar
(b) square pyramidal, square planar ,linear
(c) octahedral, square planar and linear
(d) see-saw, T-shaped and square pyramidal
The electronic configurations of four elements are:

50

Which contains both ionic and covalent bonds?


(A) NH4Cl (B)HCN (C) NaN3 (D)NaNO3
Among the following which is/are polar
(A) H2CO3 (B) SiF4 (C)BF3 (D) NF3
Among potassium superoxide (KO2),
Aluminate oxide (AlO2), barium
peroxide (BaO2) unpaired electron is present in
+
(A) NO2 andBaO2 (B)KO2andAlO2(C)KO2only(D)BaO2
Which one of the following molecules is planar?
(A) NF3 (B)NCl3 (C)PH3 (D)BF3
The molecule having unpaired electron is:
(A) NO (B) CO
(C)CN (D) O2
The molecule which has zero dipole moment is:
(A)CH2Cl2 (B)BF3 (C)NF3 (D) SnCl2
The common features among the species CN, CO
+
and NO are
(A) isoelectronic (B) bond order =3
(C) paramagnetic (D) equal bond enthalpy

The dipole moment of

is 1.5 D.

The dipole moment of


is :
(a) 0 D (b) 1.5 D (c) 2.86 D (d) 2.25 D
2
Which one of the following compounds has sp
hybridization? (A)CO2 (B)SO2 (C)N2O (D) CO
The dipole moment of water is higher than
that of CO2 because the H2O molecule has
(A) fewer electrons than O2(B) two covalent bonds
(C)V-shape (D) difference of electronegative is high.
A bond has a dipole moment of 1.2 D If the bond length is 1
. What % of electronic charge exists on each atom?

(a) 12% (b) 19% (c) 25% (d) 29% of

CHEMISTRY BY MUKESH SHARMA

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