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Architecture[edit]

The Chalukya dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty


that ruled large parts of southern and central
India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. During
this period, they ruled as three related yet individual
dynasties. The earliest dynasty, known as the
"Badami Chalukyas", ruled from Vatapi
(modern Badami) from the middle of the 6th century.
The Badami Chalukyas began to assert their
independence at the decline of the Kadamba kingdom
of Banavasi and rapidly rose to prominence during the Mallikarjuna temple in dravidian style and Kashi
reign of Pulakeshin II. After the death of Pulakeshin II, Vishwanatha temple in nagara style at Pattadakal, built 740
the Eastern Chalukyas became an independent CE
kingdom in the eastern Deccan. They ruled
from Vengi until about the 11th century. In the western
Deccan, the rise of the Rashtrakutas in the middle of
the 8th century eclipsed the Chalukyas of Badami
before being revived by their descendants,
the Western Chalukyas, in the late 10th century.
These Western Chalukyas ruled from Kalyani
(modern Basavakalyan) until the end of the 12th
century.

Dancing Shiva in cave no. 1 in Badami

Aihole Durga Temple Front View

Papanatha temple at Pattadakal fusion of southern and


northern Indian styles, 680 CE

Aihole Meguti Jain Temple

The Parvati Temple, located about 140 km southeast to the


Badami

Virupaksha temple in Dravidian style at Pattadakal, built


740 CE
Origins[edit]

The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that


existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of
what is today southern India. They gained
prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahana
dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.[2][3]
Typical design of pillar with multi-directional mythical lions.
Pallavas became a major power during the reign Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
of Mahendravarman I (571 630 CE)
and Narasimhavarman I (630 668 CE) and
dominated the Telugu and northern parts of
the Tamil region for about 600 years until the end of
the 9th century. Throughout their reign they were in
constant conflict with both Chalukyas of Badami in the
north and the Tamil kingdoms
of Chola and Pandyas in the south and were finally
defeated by the Chola kings in the 9th century CE.

Temple view of Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil


Nadu, India.

Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Inner court or the circumambulatory passage with 58


subshrines. Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram, Tamil
Nadu, India.