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# 126 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

## BAB 1: PENGENALAN KEPADA FIZIK

BAHAGIAN A

(a) 45C 1
MARK
(b)
NO.
(a) 5 - To reduce
zero error/systematic
error error MARK
1
(a)
(c) 3
(b)(i)
NO. The period
Thermal
44.0 of oscillation depends
s equilibrium on length of the pendulum
MARK
(b)
(b)(ii)
(a) When 44
Scalar length
quantity increase, the period also increase TOTAL 1
4
1
(c)(i) To investigate the relationship between the period the length 1
NO.
(b) 4 0.1 20
1
(c)(ii)
(a)
(c) Manipulated
Mass
0.30 A : length 1
1
(b)(i) Responding
2.2 s
Diagram 1.3 : period of oscillation TOTAL 1
3
(c)
(b)(ii) Gravitational
smallest acceleration,
increase
Has g.
division of scale 1
1
(c)(iii)
(c) Retort
Repeatedstand with clamp,
are taken andofthe
average TOTAL 1
5
1
meter rule, 2 blocks of clamp wood, protractor and TOTAL 4
stop stopwatch

(c)(iv) 1

## 1. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram

(c)(v) 2. Measure the length of the pendulum, l = 60.0 cm by using 1
meter rule.
3. Give the pendulum bob a small displacement 10o.Time for 10
oscillations is measured by using a stop watch.
Calculate the average time.
1
time for 10 oscillations
Period=
10
4. Experiment is repeated by using l = 50.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 30.0
1
cm and 20.0 cm

l/ cm T/ s
60.0
(c)(vi) 50.0 1
40.0
30.0
20.0

(c)(vii) 1

TOTAL 12
127 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

KERTAS 3 (BAHAGIAN B)

## BAB 2: DAYA DAN GERAKAN

BAHAGIAN A

(a) gravitational force 1
W= mg
(b) 1
W= (500) (10)
5 000 N 1

(c) 1

1
(d)(i)
1

1
Fx : to pull the car to move forward
(d)(ii)
Fy : to lift the car
1
(d)(iii) 10 000 cos 30 1
use smaller angle between cable and bar / the

horizontal component, Fx
(e) 1
increase the force applied// (accept any suitable

method)
TOTAL 10

(a) rate of change of velocity 1
(b)(i) The mass must be high 1
128 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

## so that the vehicles becomes more stable 1

the engine capacity must be high 1
(b)(ii)
so the power is higher 1
the diameter of the tyre must be bigger 1
(b)(iii)
so the pressure is low // more stable 1
(c) Q 1
500
10 1
(d)(i)
1
5 ms-2
1st section : graph shows uniform acceleration

## 2nd section : graph shows uniform velocity

1
(d)(ii)
1

TOTAL 12

BAHAGIAN B

(a)(i) Crumple zone 1
Easily crumple in order to lengthen the collision time 1
(a)(ii)
Absorb impulsive force during accident 1
To increase the time interval of impact 1
(a)(iii)
To minimize the energy transferred to the passenger 1
Both car are moving with high speed 1
Both car applying emergency brake in high speed 1
(b) Car in Diagram 10.2 are without ABS and skidded on the road 1
Car in Diagram 10.3 with ABS are not skidded on the road. 1
ABS brake avoid skidding when braking. 1
129 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHARACTERISTICS EXPLANATION
1. Build up from light weight 2. It will prolong the time of
and high strength material collision// Reduce the
but easily crumple. impulsive force

## 4. Prevents the collapse of the

3. Build up from high strength
front and back of the car into
material such as steel bar
the passenger compartment.
Also gives good protection
from a side-on collision.

## 6. Prevents the windscreen from

5. Shatter-proof windscreen
(c) shattering 10

## 8. Acts as a cushion for the head

and body in an accident and
7. Air bag
thus prevents injuries to the
driver and passengers.

## 10. Prevents the passengers from

being thrown out of the car.
9. Safety seat belt Slows down the forward
movement of the passengers
when the car stops abruptly.

TOTAL 20

BAHAGIAN C

(a) Rate of change of momentum 1
Impulsive force to 1/time 1
To increase the time of impact 1
1
(b) Helmet to protect the head
1
Jacket to protect the body 1
Glove to protect the hand Max 4m
(c)(i) 160 1000 1
v=
60 60

1
= 44.4ms-1
130 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

vu
a=
t

44.40
a= 1
10

a = 4.44ms-2
F = ma
(c)(ii) = (202)(4.44) 1
= 896.88N 1

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
2. Motorcycle does not
stop immediately/ can
be controlled if
1. With ABS direction changes/
does not move
sideways / more
friction with ABS.
4. Bigger surface area,
better support / low
(d) 3. Bigger with of tyre pressure acts on the 10
tyres/ more friction
when breaks.
6. Lighter, can move
5. Smaller mass
faster / low inertia.
8. Lower centre of
7. Lower seat height gravity/ more stable/
safer when turn

9. R
10. It has ABS, bigger width of tyre, smaller mass, and
lower seat height.
TOTAL 20

KERTAS 3 (BAHAGIAN B)

(a) The length of catapult rubber depends on the force 1
The bigger the force, the longer the extension of the catapult
(b) 1
rubber
To investigate the relationship between the force and
(c)(i) 1
extension of a spring
MV: force
(c)(ii) 1
RV: extension
CV: length of the spring// diameter of the spring// type of 1
131 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

spring
(c)(iii) Spring, retort stand, ruler, slotted weight 1
(c)(iv) State a functional arrangement of the apparatus 1
1. Measure the initial length of the spring, lo
2. Put one slotted mass,m1= 20g at the end of the spring 1
3. Measure the length of the spring, l1
(c)(v) 4. Calculate extension of the spring, x= l1 lo 1
5. Repeat the experiment for the mass 40g, 60g, 80g and 1
100g

(c)(vi) 1

(c)(vii) 1

TOTAL 12

## BAB 3: DAYA DAN TEKANAN

BAHAGIAN A

(a) Pascals Principle 1
When the small piston is pressed down, the 1

## (b) transmits uniformly to the large piston

The force is produced and pushes the chair
1
up

## Some of the force is used to compress air

(c) 1
bubbles
(d) F 500 1
20 = 100

1
132 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

F = 100 N
Increase the cross sectional area of the big
1
piston// Decrease the size of the small piston
To increase the force multiplier// Use
(e)
stronger alloy for liquid// To withstand higher
1
pressure without cracking
Enlarge the size of the seat
To accommodate the larger bodies of adults//
1
Strengthened the seat to withstand the 1
TOTAL 10

(a) Gravitational force 1
1

(a)(i)

FB = Vg

## (b)(i) FB = 1020 x 600 x 10 1

FB = 6 120 000 N 1
(b)(ii) FB = W = 6 120 000 N 1
Ship base cross section area is wide 1
Increase buoyant force // increase the
(c)(i)
volume of liquid displaced
1
Volume of the air space in the ship is high 1
(c)(ii) Reduce the density of the ship
1
(d) P 1
TOTAL 12
133 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

BAHAGIAN B

(a)(i) Force per unit area 1
Pressure on piston Q is equal to pressure on piston R 1
Cross sectional area of piston Q is less than R 1
Force acted on piston Q less than R
(a)(ii) 1
The greater the area, the greater the force
Pascal's principle 1
1
aerofoil shape 1
The air speed on the tipper surface is greater than the 1
air speed on the lower surface.
(b) The pressure on the lower surface is greater than the
1
pressure on the upper surface.
Different in pressure produce the lift force
1
134 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
2. Water pressure
1. Thick wall
increase with depth
3. High density 4. Increase mass / can
material submerge easily
5. Strong material 6. Does not break easily
8. Reduce water Max=10
(c) 7. Aerodynamic shape
resistance m
10. To increase or reduce
9. Ballast tank
weight
11. Sonar transmitter and 12. To estimate distance

TOTAL 20

BAHAGIAN C

Archimedes principle states that the buoyant force on an 1
(a)(i) object immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of fluid
displaced by the object.
The balloon acted by two forces: Upthrust and the weight 1
of the balloon
The density of helium gas is less than the density of 1
(a)(ii) surrounding air
Upthrust equals to the weight of the air displaced by the 1
balloon
Upthrust is higher than the weight of the balloon 1
135 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
2. To produce bigger
buoyant / upthrust //
1. Large balloon
Increase the volume of
the air displaced

4. To produce bigger
3. Use 2 burners //
flame // heat up the gas
Many burners
in the balloon faster
(b) 10
6. Light-weight, strong and
5. Synthetic nylon
air-proof material
8. Reduce the density
7. High temperature of
//weight of the air in the
the air in the balloon
balloon

9. Q
10. Large balloon, use 2 burners / many burners, use
synthetic nylon and has high temperature of the air in
the balloon
W = FB 1
(c)(i) m x 10 = (10 x 2 x 10-6) x 1000 x 10 1
m = 0.02 kg /20 g 1
20 = (12 x 2) 1
(c)(ii)
= 0.83 g cm-3 1
TOTAL 20

KERTAS 3 (BAHAGIAN B)

(a) The wall of the dam is thicker at the bottom of the dam. 1
(b) Water pressure increases with depth 1
To investigate the relationship between the pressure in a liquid
(c)(i) 1
and the depth.
MV: Depth of liquid, y
(c)(ii) 1
RV: Pressure in liquid, h
CV: density, 1
Measuring cylinder, thistle funnel, rubber tube, manometer,
(c)(iii) 1
and retort stand.
136 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

(c)(iv) 1

## 1. The measuring cylinder is completely filled with water.

2. The thistle funnel is connected to the manometer with a
rubber tube. 1
3. The thistle funnel is lowered with the water to a depth
(c)(v) 1
y=10.0 m
4. The manometer reading, h is measured. 1
5. Step 3 is repeated with values of depth y = 20.0m, 30.0
cm, 40.0 cm and 50.0 cm.

y (cm) h (cm)
10
(c)(vi) 20 1
30
40
50

(c)(vii) 1

TOTAL 12

BAB 4: HABA

BAHAGIAN A

(a) Kelvin, K 1
(a)(ii) To obtain two fix points high and low 1
(a)(iii) Opaque// easy to see// does not stick 1
(b)(i) 20.0 cm 1
16.9
100 1
20.0
(b)(ii)
1
84.5oC
137 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

TOTAL 6

(a)
surrounding

(b) 168 g 1

H
L=
m 1

(d) 56800
0.168 1

1
-1
338 095 Jkg

## (f) Wrap filter funnel with wool 1

TOTAL 8

BAHAGIAN B

(a) Thermal equilibrium 1
The amount of heat energy is the same
c of Diagram 9.1(a) is greater than Diagram 9.1(b)
1
Temperature in diagram 9.1(a) is greater than in
1
Diagram 9.1(b)
(b) The rate of heat loss in Diagram 9.1(b) is greater than in 1

Diagram 9.1(a) 1
The smaller the c of container, the greater the rate of 1
heat loss
(c) Initially, more heat flow from water to the container than 1
from container to the water
nett heat flow is from water to the containers 1
when thermal equilibrium is reached nett heat flow is
1
zero
138 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

## the temperature of water = temperature of container

1

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
High specific capacity of Small change in temperature
inner box // keep hot longer time.
prevent heat from flow out
heat insulator
Max=10
(d) Low density of material X Low mass // light
m
Low density of outer box Low mass // light

## Shiny colour of outer box Reflect heat from outside

TOTAL 20

BAHAGIAN C

temperature of the coolant decreases 1
(a)(i) speed of the molecules decreases 1
distance between molecules decreases 1
when coolant changes from a liquid to a gas, latent heat 1
(a)(ii) is required
latent heat is obtained from the interior of the refrigerator 1
Q = Pt
1
= 48 x 5 x 60 // 14 400 J
(b)(i)
Q = mc
1
14 400 = (500 x 10-3)(c) (80 40)
1
c = 720 J kg-1 oC
Heat supplied by liquid = heat received by water
1
(b)(ii) (500 x 10-3) (4 200) (80 - ) = (1) (4 200) ( - 25)
1
= 29.34 oC
139 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
1. Plate x asbestos 2. A good heat insulator
4. Good heat contact
between thermometer
and the aluminium
3. Liquid Y oil block// to ensure
thermal equilibrium
Max=10
(c) between thermometer
m
and aluminium block
6. Reduce/ prevent heat
5. Material Z tissue
lost to the surrounding
8. Can increase the
7. Immersion heater temperature faster//
has high power fast to heat// supply
more heat energy

9. S is chosen
10. Because...(repeat characteristics //reason)
TOTAL 20

KERTAS 3 (BAHAGIAN B)

Volume depends on temperature // temperature influences 1
(a)
volume
(b) If the temperature increases, the volume increases 1
To investigate the relationship between volume and
(c)(i) 1
temperature
MV: temperature
(c)(ii) 1
RV : volume
CV: mass of gas// pressure 1
Capillary tube, sulphuric acid, thermometer, ice and Bunsen
(c)(iii) 1
burner
140 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

(c)(iv) 1

## 1. Put some ice in the beaker and stir until the 1

temperature is . Record the reaching of temperature.
(c)(v) 2. Read and record the length of air trapped.
3. Repeat the experiment 4 times with the difference 1

temperature. 1

(oC) l (cm)
1
(c)(vi) 2 1
3
4
5

(c)(vii) 1

TOTAL 12

BAB 5: CAHAYA

BAHAGIAN A

(a) Refraction 1
(b)(i) Object distance 5.1 is greater than 5.2 1
(b)(ii) Image distance 5.1 is less than 5.2 1
(c) Image must be on the retina. 1
(d)(i) Concave lens 1
(d)(ii) Convex lens 1
Correct shape of lens (concave) drawn in the
box 1
(e) Light rays diverge after passing through 1
concave lens then converge on the retina after
passing through eye lens.
TOTAL 8
141 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

The incidence angle in denser medium which can 1
(a)
produce a 90o refracted angle

(b)(i)

## The ray is reflected twice

1
Direction of ray is correct
1
1
n=
sin 42

(b)(ii) 1
n= 1
0.669
1
n=1.491.50
(b)(iii) Total internal Reflection 1
refractive index of the inner core is greater than
1
1
total internal reflection can occur
An optical fibre is very small in diameter
1
(c)(ii) hence a bundle of optical fibres can transmit
1
Optical fibre has high flexibility 1
(c)(iii)
Easy to install in narrow space 1
TOTAL 12

BAHAGIAN B

(a) Distance between optical centre and focal point 1
Focal length in Diagram 9.1 is longer 1
Lens in Diagram 9.1 is thinner 1
Power of lens in Diagram 9.1 is lower
(b) 1
The thinner the lens the longer the focal length
The thinner the lens the higher the power of lens 1
1

(c)(i) At u < f 1
142 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

1
(c)(ii) 1
1

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
1. Type of the Projection 2. Can produce real
lens: convex image
3. Surface of the reflector:
4. Can absorb heat
black
Max=10
(d) 5. Power of the bulb: high 6. Can produce bright light m
7. Distance between LCD 8. Can produce large
to the screen: far image
9. Body material: Lower
10. Easy to carry
Density

TOTAL 20

BAHAGIAN C

(a) Image cannot be caught /formed on a screen 1
Position of principal axis, object, focal point and concave 1
mirror
Parallel ray reflected to the focal point (A) 1
(b) Light ray from C reflected along the same path (B)
Extension of (A) and(B) until they meet 1
Draw upright image where they meet
1
(c) Virtual, laterally inverted, same size 1+1
143 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

CHARACTERISTICS REASON
2. Withstand high
temperature// higher
1. Type of window
melting point// glass
glass
than plastics
4. Reflect more sunlight//
3. Use multiple
concentrating more
reflectors
light into the box
6. Allow food to be
5. Type of lid used is observed while it is
clear glass lid cooking without Max=10
(d)
removing the lid m
8. Trap the heat inside//
trap heated air next to
the pot//isolating the
7. Use dark aluminium air inside the cooker
pot suspended in a from the air
clear pot outside//very even
heating// sun is able to
shine into the sides
and bottom of the pot

9. S is chosen
10. Because.....(1357//2468)

(e)(i) 30o 1
60o 15o 1
(e)(ii)
450 1
TOTAL 20

KERTAS 3 (BAHAGIAN B)

(a) The object distance affects the size of the image 1
The greater the object distance, the smaller the size of the
(b) 1
image
To investigate the relationship between the object distance
(c)(i) 1
and the size of the image
MV: object distance, u
(c)(ii) 1
RV: size of the image, H
Focal length of the lens / type of lens 1
Cardboard with a cross-wire in triangular cut-out, light bulb,
(c)(iii) 1
lens holder, convex lens, concave lens, white screen
144 PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN

(c)(iv) 1

## 1. The convex lens is placed at distance of, u = 15 cm from

the object 1
2. The screen is adjusted until a sharp image is formed on it.
(c)(v)
The size of the image, H is measured. 1
3. The procedure is repeated with values of u = 20 cm, 25 1
cm, 30 cm, 35 cm and 40 cm.

u (cm) H (cm)
15

20
(c)(vi) 1
25

30

35

(c)(vii) 1

TOTAL 12