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CALCULATION AND SPECIFICATION OF OILY WATER

SEPARATOR

Calculation Detail
a. Calculation of Bilga Well
Dimension of bilge well at engine room are
Length = 0.6 m
Width = 0.6 m
Height = 0.75 m
Volume = P x L x T
= 0,6 x 0,6 x 0,75
= 0.27 m3

b. Calculation of the oily bilge water tank capacity


(GL 2013 Part 1 Chapter 2 Section 11 P3.3.5)

Capacity
Main Engine rating (kW)
m3
Up to 1000 4
Above 1000 up to 20.000 P/250
Above 20.000 40 + P/500

Where
P = Main Engine Power (kW)
= 4350 kW

so, Capacity = P/250


= 4350 / 250
= 17.4 m3

c. Calculation of sludge tank capacity


The capacity of sludge tank shall be determined as follows

V = K1 x C x D m3 (GL 2013 Part 1 Chapter 2 Section 11 P3.4.2)


(ANEX I MARPOL 73/78 chapter II Regulation 17)
Where
K1 = 0.015, for ship that used both of HFO and purifier
0.005, for ship that used MDO or HFO wihout purifier
C = daily fuel oil consumption (m3/d)
D = Endurance of the ship

Chfo= BHPSCR x SFOC x C x 10-6

Where
P = Power Main Engine (BHPscr)
= 5915 Hp
= 4350 Kw
SFOC = Specific Fuel Oil Consumption
= 179 gr/kWh (project guide WARTSILA)

CALCULATION AND SPECIFICATION OF OILY WATER


SEPARATOR

C = Time Hour
= 24 Hour

So,Chfo= BHPSCR x SFOC x C x 10-6 Where


= 4350 x 179 x 24x10-6 HFO =
= 18.688 ton

V = Chfo/ hfo
= 18,688/0,91
= 18.857 m3

Cmdo= (0.1- 0.2) x WFO Where


= 0,2 x 18,688 DO =
= 5.606 ton =

V = Cmfo/ mfo
= 5,606/0,88
= 6.371 m3

So,Ctotal= Vhfo + Vmdo


= 118,857 + 6,371
= 25.228 m3

V = K1 x C x D
= 0,015 x 25,228 x 6
= 2.271 m3

Planned dimension of Sludge Tank


Length = 1.5 m
Width = 1.2 m
Height = 1.5 m
Volume = P x L x T
= 0,6 x 0,6 x 0,75
= 2.7 m3

d. Specification of Oily Water Separator (OWS)

The capacity of the oily bilge water separator is to be specified according to the
following table : (GL 2013 Part 1 Chapter 2 Section 11 O3.1.2)
The capacity of the oily bilge water separator is to be specified according to the
following table : (GL 2013 Part 1 Chapter 2 Section 11 O3.1.2)

Up to 400 401 to 1601 to 4001 to 1500 Above 15000


GT 1600 GT 4000 GT GT GT
0, 25 m3/hr 0,5 m3/hr 1.0 m3/hr 2,5 m3/hr 5 m3/hr

CALCULATION AND SPECIFICATION OF OILY WATER


SEPARATOR

Merk = RWO Veoila Water


Type = 2.5
Capacity = 2.5 m3/hr
Power = 3 kW

e. Calculation of Oily Bilge Pump


The Oily Discharge Pump shall be within 4 hours,so :
(GL 2013 Part 1 Chapter 2 Section 11 P3.5.6)

Estimation time = 2h
Capacity of sludge tank = 2.7 m3

Q = V/t
= 2,7 / 2
= 1.35 m3/hr
= 0.000375 m3/s

Assumption velocity = 2 m/s

f. Calculation of pipe diameter

Q =v x A

Where
V = Velocity m/s
A = Area m2

So, Q = V x A
A =Q / V
= 0.000188 m2

A = 1/4 x x d2
D = (4 x A / )0.5
= (4 x 0,00019 / 3,14)0.5
= 0.015455 m
= 15.45489 mm
= 0.608 inch

Then for bilge main pipe, it will be use carbon stell galvanized pipe according to JIS Standart
Inside diameter (dh) = 30.6 mm
thickness = 3.4 mm
Outside diameter = 34 mm
Nominal pipe size = 25A mm
Schedule= 40
Material Type = Cast Iron or Galvanized

CALCULATION AND SPECIFICATION OF OILY WATER


SEPARATOR

d. Calculation heaf of bilge pump


- Calculation instalation in E/R
H = Hs + HP + HV + total Head-loss

where
Hs = distance from Sunction Well to Overboard
= T + 0,75 m
= 8,1 + 0,75
= 8.85 m
Hp = Different pressure in suction side and discharge side
= ( Pdiscd - Psuct ) / g
= ( 1 atm - 1 atm ) / 1,025 * 9,8
= 0 Because pressure in suction and discharge have same value
Hv = Different flow velocity in suction side and discharge side
= ( V2disch - V2suct ) / 2g
= ( 2 m/s - 2 m/s ) / 2 * 9,8
= 0 m

- Calculation of head losses in suction line


Major losses
Re = ( D x V ) /

where :
D = Inside diameter Main Pipe
= 30.6 mm
= 0.0306 m
V = flow Velocity
= 0.5101745 m/s
u = viskositas
= 0.00035 m2/s cst pd 40C Assumed fluids Oil SAE 40 ISO VG 46
Note = if Re <2300,"laminer"
if Re >4000,"turbulen"

So,Re = ( D x V ) /
= (0.1353 x 2 )
0.00041
= 44.603829 (laminer)

hf = x L x v^2 / (D x 2g)

Where
= 64 / Re Pompa dan Kompresor Ir.Sularso, MSME
= 64 / 174,857 page 28 pers. 2.15
= 1.4348544
L = Length of Suction Side
= 14 m
v = 0.5101745 m/s
D = Inside diameter
= 0.031 m

CALCULATION AND SPECIFICATION OF OILY WATER


SEPARATOR

so, hf = x L x v^2 / (D x 2g)


= 0.0265 x 85 x 22 / (0.135 x 2x9.8)
= 8.7175789 m

Minor losses (hm) : head because accesoris in suction line


No. Accesoris n k
1 Elbow 90 o
1 0.7
2 Butterfly valve 1 0.6
3 SDNRV 1 2
4 T joint 4 1.8
5 Bellmounted pipe end 1 1
6 Flexible Coupling 0 0.46
7 Bulkhead fitting watertight 0 0.02
8 Strainer 1 0.58
total

Minor losses = (ktotal) x v /2g


= 17,64 x 2 /(2x9.8)
= 2.47 m

So, Head Loss in Suction Line


H = Major Head Loss + Minor Head Loss
= 7,3 + 4,22
= 11.18 m

- Calculation of head losses in suction line


Major losses
Re = ( D x V ) /

where :
D = Inside diameter Main Pipe
= 30.6 mm
= 0.0306 m
V = flow Velocity
= 0.5101745 m/s
u = viskositas
= 0.00035 m2/s cst pd 40C Assumed fluids Oil SAE 40 ISO VG 46
Note = if Re <2300,"laminer"
if Re >4000,"turbulen"

So,Re = ( D x V ) /
= (0.1353 x 2 )
0.00041
= 44.603829 (laminer)

hf = x L x v^2 / (D x 2g)

Where
= 64 / Re Pompa dan Kompresor Ir.Sularso, MSME
= 64 / 174,857 page 28 pers. 2.15
= 1.4348544
L = Length of Suction Side
= 15 m
v = 0.5101745 m/s
D = Inside diameter
= 0.031 m

so, hf = x L x v^2 / (D x 2g)


= 0.0265 x 85 x 22 / (0.135 x 2x9.8)
= 9.3402631 m

Minor losses (hm) : head because accesoris in suction line


No. Accesoris n k
1 Elbow 90o 1 0.7
2 Butterfly valve 1 0.6
3 SDNRV 1 2
4 T joint 1 1.8
5 Bellmounted pipe end 0 1
6 Flexible Coupling 0 0.46
7 Bulkhead fitting watertight 0 0.02
8 Strainer 0 0.58
9 Non return valve 1 2
total

Minor losses = (ktotal) x v /2g


= 17,64 x 2 /(2x9.8)
= 1.45 m

So, Head Loss in Suction Line


H = Major Head Loss + Minor Head Loss
= 7,3 + 4,22
= 10.79 m

HEAD TOTAL = Hs + Hp + Hv + head losses (suction and discharge)


= 8.85 + 0 + 0 + (11,52 + 2,84)
= 30.82 m

= 0.000 m3
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Section 11 P3.4.2)
apter II Regulation 17)
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0.991 Ton/m3

0,84 - 0,92 ton/m3


0.88 ton/m3

ccording to the
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pe according to JIS Standart

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ge have same value


ssumed fluids Oil SAE 40 ISO VG 460

Kompresor Ir.Sularso, MSME


s. 2.15

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Doc. No : 03 - 42 15 001 - OW
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nxk
0.7
0.6
2
7.2
1
0
0
0.58
12.08
ssumed fluids Oil SAE 40 ISO VG 460

Kompresor Ir.Sularso, MSME


s. 2.15

nxk
0.7
0.6
2
1.8
0
0
0
0
2
7.1

nd discharge)