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ARCHITECTURE

From the Harappan cities, Egyptian Pyramids, Babylonian irrigation systems, oriental terracing and Roman amphitheaters to
today's bridges, subways and skyscrapers, people throughout the ages have performed amazing feats to build their dreams into
reality. Architecture is a judicious blend of Art, Science and Business. It is an art of creating a vision; the science of breaking that
vision into fragments and putting them back together again into a practical form and shape; and the business of organizing and
managing this reconstruction within the financial constraints.

THE WORK

The role of an architect is to design and help create the buildings in which we live and work. Since architects are responsible for
the original concept, they are also involved in each subsequent stage, from design through construction upto the final completion
of a building project. Some architects may concentrate on design work but this can depend on the type of organisation or firm
they are working for and the types of projects undertaken.

An Architects work involves design, which requires both artistic and scientific skills. Architects receive a set of instructions
from their clients or employers, roughly indicating the type of building required and the estimated budget available. The building
may be residential, commercial or industrial. Each building may be designed from scratch or alternatively, existing structures
may be converted, for example, turning houses into flats.

A building must be practical and ideally suited to the site and its environment. It must also fulfill the needs of the individuals
who will live and work in it. A lot of preliminary research work may be needed to understand more fully the needs of a potential
user. Once the ideas have been confirmed and established, the architect produces sketches and plans which are detailed enough
to show sizes and specifications from which estimates of the cost of building materials can be produced. Architects must take
into account the nature of the building materials to be used, their strength and durability and effects of environmental factors.
Once the plans are finalised and accepted by the client it is up to the architects office or department to obtain planning
permission from the local authority, prepare and negotiate contracts with building contractors, engineers and surveyors and

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supply all the drawings and estimates. The architect is over all in charge of the contract. This involves regular visits to the site,
checking the progress and quality of work, issuing instructions to the contractor and certifying payments to him.

Architecture is not a stereotype or routine work. It is full of challenges. Architects are sought after profess ionals in almost all
government, non-government, private agencies, firms, design consultancies and teaching institutions.

Qualities Required

Ability to combine creativity and imagination.


Ability to absorb, understand and use very technical data.
Plan Buildings.
Deal with the design and construction process.
Logical and analytical mind.
Administrative potential.
Business skills.
Artistic ability and a flair for sketching.

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BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE (B. Arch. - 5 YEARS) AND BACHELOR OF PLANNING (B. Plan. - 4 YEARS)

NAME OF THE INSTITUTE ELIGIBILITY ENTRANCE EXAM WEBSITE


AND
COURSES (P/G)

Department of Architecture & At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main) http://www.iitr.ac.in/
Planning, IIT Roorkee, with Mathematics as a subject of
Uttarakhand (G) the examination 10+2 level.

Course offered: B.Arch

School Of Planning And At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main)


Architecture, New Delhi (G) with Mathematics as a subject of http://www.spa.ac.in/
the examination 10+2 level.

Courses offered: B. Arch.


B. Plan.

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Sir J.J. School Of Architecture, At least 50% marks in aggregate, MAH-AR-CAT http://www.sirjjarchitecture.org
Mumbai, Maharashtra (P) with Mathematics as a subject of
the examination 10+2 level. OR
should have passed/appeared the
Course offered: B. Arch. Diploma (10+3 level)
examination with atleast 50%
marks in aggregate.

CEPT University, Ahmedabad, At least 50% marks in B. Arch. - NATA http://www.cept.ac.in/


Gujarat (G) aggregate, with Mathematics Examination
(or) Business Mathematics (or)
Statistics and English as a B. Plan. - Planning
subject of the examination at the Aptitude Test (PAT)
Courses offered: B. Arch. 10+2 level.
B. Plan.

Birla Institute of Technology, At least 60% (50% for SC / ST) NATA http://www.bitmesra.ac.in/
Mesra, Ranchi (P) marks calculated as average of
best 5 subjects including English,
Mathematics, and other 3
Course offered: B. Arch subjects at the 10+2 level.
.

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Department of Architecture, IIT At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main) http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/
Kharagpur, West Bengal (G) with Mathematics as a subject of
the examination 10+2 level.
Courses offered: B.Arch
Regional
Planning

Chandigarh College of At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main) http://cca.nic.in/


Architecture, Chandigarh (G) with Mathematics and English as
a subject of the examination 10+2
level; or Minimum 50% in 10+3
Course offered: B. Arch. diploma (any stream)
Examination.

National Institute of Technology, At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main)


Calicut, Kerala (G) with Mathematics as a subject of http://www.nitc.ac.in
the examination 10+2 level.
Course offered: B. Arch

National Institute of Technology, At least 50% marks in aggregate, JEE (Main) http://www.nitt.edu/home/
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu (G) with Mathematics as a subject of
the examination 10+2 level.
Course offered: B. Arch

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VIT, Vellore Total aggregate of 70% marks in NATA http://www.vit.ac.in/Home/index/1
School of Architecture 10+2 scheme of Senior School
Certificate Examination or
Course offered: B. Arch equivalent with Mathematics as a
subject of examinations at the
10+2 level.

And (ii) Candidates must have a


minimum of 40% marks i.e.,
80/200, in the All India National
Aptitude Test in Architecture
(NATA) conducted by Council of
Architecture (COA)

Jamia Millia University, At least 50% marks in aggregate, On the basis of written http://jmi.ac.in
Faculty of Architecture Delhi with English, Mathematics, test & aptitude test
(G) Physics and Chemistry as followed by interview.
Course offered: B. Arch. subjects of the examination 10+2
level.

Sushant School Of Art & At least 50% marks in aggregate, B. Arch http://www.sushantschool.org/
Architecture, Haryana, Punjab with Mathematics and English as 10+2 : 50%
(P) a subject of the examination 10+2 NATA : 50%
Courses offered: B. Arch level; or Minimum 50% in 10+3
B.Plan. diploma (any stream) B. Plan
Examination; AND hold a valid 10+2 : 60%

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NATA score. Interview:
20%
Essay Writing:
20%

Manipal University, Karnataka Candidates must have a Merit on the basis http://www.manipal.edu
(P) minimum of 40% marks in the of:
All India National Aptitude Test
Course offered: B. Arch in Architecture (NATA) and must 10+2: 50%
have passed any one of the NATA: 50%
following courses with a
minimum of 50% marks in
aggregate:

10+2 with Mathematics and


English as compulsory subjects.
OR
3 years Diploma after 10 years of
schooling (any stream)
recognized by Central/State
Government with Mathematics
and English as compulsory
subjects.

TVB School Of Habitat Studies, At least 50% marks in aggregate, CET, conducted by the www.tvbshs.edu.in
New Delhi with Mathematics and English as Guru Gobind Singh
a subject of the examination Indraprastha
Course offered: B. Arch 10+2 level, and also have passed University, Delhi.
with Science (Physics and
Chemistry) in the 10th Class

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examination.

Kamla Raheja Vidyandhi At least 50% marks in aggregate, Admissions through http://krvia.ac.in/
Institute of Architecture and with Mathematics as a subject of MASA CAP
Environmental Studies, the examination 10+2 level; or
Mumbai, Maharashtra (P) Minimum 50% in 10+3 diploma 40% : NATA scores
(any stream) Examination; AND 50% : Class XII marks
Course offered: B. Arch. hold a valid NATA score.

Rizvi College of Architecture, At least 50% marks in aggregate, Merit on the basis of http://www.rizvicollege.com
Mumbai, Maharashtra (P) with Mathematics and English as
a subject of the examination 50% : NATA scores
Course offered: B. Arch. 10+2 level 50% : Class XII marks

Jadavpur University, Kolkata, At least 50 % marks in (10+2) WBJEE and Aptitude http://www.jaduniv.edu.in
West Bengal (G) Examination with Physics, test for Architecture.
Chemistry, Mathematics and
Course offered: B. Arch English at 10+2 level.

L.S. Raheja School of At least 50% marks in aggregate, Merit on the basis of http://www.lsraheja.com/archit
Architecture, Mumbai, with Mathematics as a subject of ecture/
Maharashtra (P) the examination 10+2 level; or 50% : NATA scores
Minimum 50% in 10+3 diploma 50% : Class XII marks
Course offered: B. Arch. (any stream) Examination; AND
hold a valid NATA score.

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M.S. Ramaiah Institute of At least 50% marks in NATA scores http://www.msrit.edu
Technology, Bangalore, aggregate, with Mathematics as
Karnataka (P) a subject of the examination Application through
10+2 level; And should have COMED- K
Course offered: B. Arch passed the National Aptitude
Test in Architecture (NATA),
with a minimum of 40 %.

BMS College of Engineering- At least 50% marks in aggregate, NATA scores


Department of Architecture, with Mathematics as a subject of Qualifying www.bmsce.ac.in
Bangalore, Karnataka (P) the examination 10+2 level/ 3 Examination
years Diploma in any stream of COMED-K
Engineering from Institutes
Course offered: B. Arch recognised by Central/ State
Governments with 50% marks.

R.V. College of Engineering, At least 50% marks in aggregate, Students can seek http://www.rvsa.edu.in/
Bangalore, Karnataka (P) with Mathematics as a subject of admission under either
the examination 10+2 level OR of the following
10+3 Diploma (any stream) categories:
Course offered: B. Arch recognised by Central/ State
Governments. OR CET.

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International Baccalaureate COMED-K
Diploma, after 10 years of Management
schooling, with Mathematics as quota
compulsory subject of
examination. AND
Should have passed the
National Aptitude Test in
Architecture (NATA), with a
minimum of 40 marks out of
200.

NB: This list includes the top campuses but is not exhaustive. For further details visit our website:
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JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (JEE MAIN)

Every year, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts nationwide competitive examinations called Joint Entrance
Examination (JEE Main, earlier known as AIEEE) for admission to undergraduate engineering programmes at NITs, IITs, centrally
funded technical institutions and other institutions funded by the state governments.

Students seeking admissions to B. Arch or B. Planning programmes (other than IITs) offered by national /state level architecture
institutions / colleges need to appear for JEE B. Arch (Paper -2), which is a 3-hour pen and paper based exam consisting of:

Part I Mathematics Objective Type


Part II Aptitude Test Objective Type;
Part III Drawing Test Questions to test drawing aptitude

The merit list will be published based on 40% weightage to Class 12th marks and 60% weightage to JEE (Main). All National
Institute of Technologies (NITs), School of Planning & Architecture (SPA) and other government and self finance architecture schools
are accepting JEE B.Arch. scores.

Eligibility: Students having passed in final examination of 10+2 (Class XII) or its equivalent are eligible. Those appearing for Class
XII in current year may also appear in JEE Main provisionally.

A student can appear three times in JEE B. Arch examination.

Part I contains Class XII basic mathematics questions like integration, derivation, line etc.

Part II contains questions of quantitative aptitude, logical reasoning, analytical reasoning, synonyms, antonyms and other general
aptitude questions.

Part III contains questions on freehand drawing, geometrical drawing, three dimension perception, imagination and aesthetic
sensitivity, and architectural awareness.

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Website: www.jeemain.nic.in

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NATIONAL APTITUDE TEST IN ARCHITECTURE (NATA)

National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) is conducted by the Council of Architecture at national level to provide a single
window system for appearing in aptitude test and to facilitate institutions, students and public at large for admission to first year of 5
year B.Arch Degree Course at all recognized Institutions all over country.

The National Aptitude Test in Architecture measures the aptitude of the applicant for specific field of study, i.e. Architecture. The test
measures drawing and observation skills, sense of proportion, aesthetic sensitivity and critical thinking ability that have been acquired
over a long period of time and that are related to specific field of study, i.e. Architecture.

Candidates having 50% marks in 10+2 or equivalent examination with mathematics as one of the subject, only are eligible for
admission to B.Arch. course.

The test is in two parts:

Part I- A paper based drawing test and


Part II - Computer based online aesthetic sensitivity test.

NATA can be given as many number of times as desired by the candidate. For every attempt, however, a new form will have to be
purchased from the designated branches of the ICICI Bank Ltd. The mark list will show the average of marks scored by the candidate
in his last attempt and his previous valid score.

As per Council of Architecture regulations, a candidate applying to any school / college of architecture in India should have achieved
40% score in NATA, i.e. at least 80/200, for consideration of admission into first year B.Arch.

NATA consist of two parts; Part I is Paper Based Test and Part II is Computer Based Test. Computer based test will be given after
completing the Paper based test.

Website: http://portal.nata.in/

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MAHARASHTRA ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOLS OF ARCHITECTURE CENTRALIZED
ALLOTMENT PROCESS
(MASA CAP)

For admissions through Centralized Allotment Process (CAP) for unaided colleges of Architecture, which are Approved by Council
of Architecture, New Delhi; recognized by the Government of Maharashtra; and affiliated to any of the ten Non Agricultural / Non
Technological Universities in the Maharashtra state, to first year of five year degree course in Architecture in the State of
Maharashtra.

Educational Qualification:
In order to secure admission through MASA-CAP to first year of the five year Degree course in Architecture, the candidate should
fulfill the following eligibility criteria:
1. Passed the Std. XII examination of Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education or its
equivalent examination with Mathematics as a subject and secured minimum 50% aggregate marks (45% for backward
class candidates from Maharashtra State only).
OR
2. Passed Diploma in under 10+3 diploma (any stream) Examination recognized by central/ state government or its equivalent
examination and secured minimum 50% aggregate marks. (45% for backward class candidates)
AND
3. Hold a valid score at National Aptitude Test in Architecture (NATA) conducted by the Council of Architecture (with
minimum 40% valid score.)

Assignment of merit number:


Each Maharashtra candidate who has confirmed the Online Application form on or before the last date prescribed for the same for
admission through MASA-CAP will be assigned a Maharashtra State Merit List Number.

Each Outside Maharashtra State (OMS) Candidate will be assigned an Outside Maharashtra State (OMS) Candidate Merit List
Number.

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The merit of the candidate for admission to First Year of B. Arch through MASA- CAP will be decided on his/her score out of 200
marks with weightage in the ratio of 50:50 to NATA score and Qualifying Examination aggregate score as follows:

NATA: - 100 Marks (The score of NATA obtained by the candidate out of 200 will be converted into marks out of 100) and
Qualifying examination :-100 Marks

Website: http://www.maharch.org

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MAHARASHTRA ARCHITECTURE COMMON APPTITUDE TEST (MH-AR-CAT)

Government of Maharashtra Directorate of Technical Education (DTE) every year conducts a Common Entrance Test for candidates
seeking admission to Architecture to degree courses in Architecture. MH-AR-CAT is applicable for admission to Five year degree
course in Architecture (B.Arch.).

Pattern of Examination: The MAH-AR-CAT examination consists of one common question paper of maximum 200 marks in the
subjects of:
Aesthetic Sensitivity 100 marks
Drawing 100 marks
There is no negative marking.

Duration of Examination: 3 hours

Website: http://dte.org.in

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WEST BENGAL JOINT ENTRANCE EXAMINATION (WBJEE)

West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board conducts the common entrance examination along with counselling for admission to
undergraduate courses in Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Architecture in universities, Govt colleges and self financed
Institutes in the state.

Eligibility Criteria

Applicant must be a citizen of India


Age: Candidates must be at least 17 years of age.
There is no upper age limit

Educational Qualification:

A candidate, besides satisfying the eligibility criteria, must pass 10+2 level examination with a minimum of 45% marks in
Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics taken together (40% for SC/ST/PwD candidates) and with at least 30% marks in English
(for all categories of candidates) besides having individual pass marks in each of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, English
and Vernacular (or any other fifth subject),
Must qualify in the NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) conducted by the Council of Architecture, New Delhi and
necessary document in this regard is to be produced at the time of counselling

WBJEE Pattern:

Candidates need to appear in three papers in the form of written test


Pen and Paper based.
The subjects will be Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry
Duration of the exam will be:
For Maths 2 hours
Physics 1.5 hours
Chemistry 1.5 hours
In every subject, all questions will be multiple choice questions

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