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TO HER

MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY,

THE QUEEN.

Sanctioned by your Majestys royal command, I, a


sexagenarian, dedicate this volume, on Architectural
Antiquities, to the most youthful female Sovereign that
ever occupied the throne of Great Britain. The cir-

cumstance, the time, the august epoch of your Ma-


jestys coronation, involve many impressive and conflict-
ing reflections ;
for the past and the present condition
SPl] ARCHITECTURAL DICTIONARY. 435

up to a great height in other instances, they are placed


;

upon round, square, or polygonal buildings, called towers.


They are also occasionally employed to decorate the angles
of a building. In the latter case, they correspond with, and
are more properly termed, pinnacles. The accompanying
Plate of Towers and Spires, and the annexed Wood-
cut, contain several examples of spires. In this place we
shall merely name the buildings on which the originals of
the annexed eight specimens are to be found ;
referring the
reader for observations on their peculiar characteristics, and
on and turrets, in general, to the
spires, steeples, towers,
articles Steeple, Tower, and Turret. The series here
delineated shew the origin and progressive changes in the
form of the spire from a stunted, pyramidal pinnacle (as
fig. 1), to the lofty and slender spire, or broach.

Fig. I, summit to one of the turrets at the east end of


St. Peter s Churchy Oxford. Fig. 2, from the south angle
of the west front of Rochester Cathedral. Fig. 3, one of two
spires, or pinnacles, at the angles of the west front of
Bishop" s-Cleeve Church, Gloucestershire. Fig. 4, the pyra-
midal roof of the tower of Than Church, near Caen, Nor-
mandy. The width of shewn in the
the side of the tower
engraving is 14 feet. Fig. 5, the central spire of Almonds-
hury Church, Gloucestershire, with the tower on which it is
placed. Fig. 6, the central spire, and part of the tower of
Salisbury Cathedral. Fig. 7, central spire, and part of the
tower of St. Marys Church, Cheltenham. Fig. 8, spire.
1 ,

BRITTOjNS ARCEi^IECTUB-/^L DICTlO'fvARY. PL.l.

G- CaxLeL'-tnol '
del J Le Keixx, Sc
ARCADES.
l.Cas'Qe 'Eis?' Chra-.-ETorroJ Is . ZN .-rUiriiTiptor.riC. IVicrf; (
'li.;: -1 ,
<
';i ; 1 -R V; i i,-. .s' Aii'^i'-bu.s Twwcr. .EKiirw''? C
G-Castlp "'liii : 7. Cal ii : H,. Ca-Utci'bi "v
i 'litJi; J. OxJ' iv i
.
.s' ''>iu: I.O. CaaCf-rbui-y Cadhl
'
ILParL of thi ForLt'-'''onm'nCr'.'ii ''''hEIii.minRdoTis.a-. 12. anter-:' (ai.h.; \. E.Ti-a.ns : if. Lmroln. OaflTl- Chap; Ho;

/ / ' V/E.
.

BRITTOITS ARCHITECTURAL DICTIONARY. PL.I.

&CattsrLnole dd..
. J.'LeKeTj.x.Sc ,

ARCADE S .

l.Tomb of Abp;TEeoliald_ CaxiR Caili: 2.1rilbr'iani, F.. l'Aui.,'iHjisbC Caili: S-Bevorl cy Miasir Clorestorjr Ncivc
4.Cierestdry iJsLve. ijneol'n CaXh; .'j.Ca.nLcr? ClifLf): 1 1 o ; o.Sai.islj? Cajli: Na 'e . 7. SaEslDTuyv CmE: Cliap: 1 1 o.

8 Side Ailfi l^Ave.


. Bov7 Q.I-ievT.M-insli' TriforA'iNave .

Rr.yVturvi-
BRITTONS AKCHITECTURAB DICTIONABAT.. PL. 3.

J.Le Ke-vxx:. Scu..


Ha,<ier.'Del.
AILCADES ; OF mTERLACZD MOULD IFTOS .

A; Qana: 2 MaJ.TXLsBix'ry AbF; CEi: -A.^oarwicF JoFFs Cb.xiiEe'viz.eEi 5.Ca.sAe Aca-e PAl; G-BAistoL CajA VAVexilocl
CELtL.;-4.S'^. .
:

at'.- 9. 10. 11. SPA-agrastinG s Qiii*. Caatle Aiain^ Qru.;-12i. SP Jaaaies dixL. Bx'ist-ol 14. 8"^ JosepFs Chaap*. Glast
.

ZondoTi^i^itbLLThsd. by thA.AiUhor. Jixn&lJSoO.


BRITTOKS AIOCHITBCT gB-AX. DXCTrOia'AKg. EL.1.

-
C.Ha.5ke. Di: ^ '
J.LeKeux.Se.
Al^CPIE S .

Cku:-2.Noi-wicli Catli; - 3. CaiiteirlD'UTy Cala'. Ci-ypt -4 ."VVinchestej? CaAi-. 5. Gloucester- CaHL; Ci-ypt. B.Romsey Clnj,: 7felS. I
.

'Itns f - 9. All); Aixx Horrixnes. Cltu.; Ca,erL.-10.K.omse5r Cli'a-. ll-Wells Cah-. -12. CKii; SI O-uerL.RoTJlen. 14, Lincoln. ChaxLcellor's

mo'es Cli 35.1/9x08.501-. -IG.Hejxry ITH.Chap; -17. Weils Cali; -19 21 Pointed & PurUaxpaaaX PolxMied.-'20.Cxo,=by Hail. Hoof. 22 Cl-inm ip-
. .

PoTtrLtaini
horuLon,! -hjJ>U^h/td, by the AMhx)r,Jiu'u 1 18S> 0
. .
B2.ITTaiSrs ARCHnnSCXITB-fllj l)ICTI03Srj63.X. ,

Cattfirmole. dsl. J,LeI<-iix..St.,

AS.CHES-, SEMICIRCULAR; POniTEU : gc HORSE SHOE.


1. SJAIbaiis ALL; Chu. S.Haai. 2. CaxLteLxory Cah.; Crypt. S.MalmsLxLTy AbL-. CL: 4. 5.6. Cajiterbury CaJli-.Crypt.E.ETid.
7. Lairford Cbizr; 8. Castle Acre Priory. 9.PeterLoro Cath; 10. Ckmri at CxeuRv.HormT ll.Horwicli C atkl
12.Porclia Si Marys ChxL; Devizes.

Lofu^rt ful^lzsh^j bv tJie


BEITXOSrs ARCHITECTUKATj DICTIOXTAB.Y. Pi. .3.

7
i

<

i 1

-l-TT
1

-..^1 j

mMIMlINHMIiap

AR-CI-niS;, POJjNTTED STYT.E


l.WaLsokeji Chu 2.]V!alTn.9bixry Abib: Chix: 3.Canter?'Caxln-.Choi r. 4 .Caat,Qr? Calh . S.h'..'rra/i.K':l

Salisb-Y kaiiL; .Navp. 6.1,inculn Catb Nave. 7. York Caiii '. 8.rii iclic'acr /Cat.h; !

P-WestixiT Abb-. ( Vl.oi^ ljeTS. 10. Canter? Cada.-. Nave. li.Cambr. K.('. Chap. L2.Croslj\ Hill. \ i

.i>rtJ.on Pal^h.thnf /V i// Aitt/f4;r. Jiuif' I. IP.'kK


7/yM
.

:0'R -BTtYTTON S JU^ClilTBCTT^HAL DICXIOlSTAR-r. FJLA.

1^"
I
-V ^

C.Haclcer del"^ J-he ITeux sc.

TWO AP. CHE S DEPKE S SEE


Til^l.ErkstorLe Olmrcli. ,
G-Idtli estexsTiixe Z.AviiL^doii (
'iL-arcli .
IZprks
llonilvn-,J?iihU.:htid In^ th J^.iLfh.i<r.-Tiily .
H-intcji bu Ramdt Sc Sojo.
BEIT IONS AE-CHnECTUItAL DICTIOErAECr. FL.l.

ICairemiole.Eei. J.LcKeux. Sc .

B AS F, S .

'

.I.2.4.5. 6.14._16. ].6. CajiLe.r-bu ly CalJi; S.'VArich.estST Ca^di; Crypt. 7. Durka-Tti CalJT ; S.Ca-sLor Clnu ;

9.1D. SalislDTiTy Caxti: W.r'roTi t . 17 . Ca.a'C; Cath.^ Naye . 18. D? C.h.a.p:Hoa; 19.Lmc,olTi Ccutkedral .

ll.llI.'Westriimster AHb.Ctixi-. I'ilTorwicli Catli.:


2/?ruian,. iy t/oA Au/ywr tXiofieJ.JSJO.

ir<2.y wa rri.
.

BRIXTOJSt's AB-CHITECTUILAL DTC TIOXIARY. :EL.2.

l\ g' t 2 j.'

S.CaJtermol3.i:.el.
___ J.LeK^ax.Sc.
BASE S ,

W/.zs ryI777/-_l,2.T,aay ChsLfj-.- 3. Chay Hou: .


4. Hair Plan 5.. Nave . __ 7. 8 . C.cy pP
W/JVC/U<S77',/l- CATH'':. - ^>..l,arly 'lhap ; , .. S.B .End.

Jufitdon. I'u^/.Ls/Lei dy tAe. AicfA^yr.\/une ^.7S30.


T=lRTTT'r>'VTC A T) riirr' TIT rT'TT'D AT r\*r^T-'T/-^TvTA-DT7-

BOSSES,' & RIB -MOUEDESreS .

i.2. St SepulehcQS Cnii: Cajn-ibridge . 3.4.5.6.7. 8.9. JO. York Ca,tJ.i^d ral . ii. SV SccplreEs Cha.; Westf
12.SalE.burj CcOli : IJnlTaxu-.e tc/ ChapiHouse.

Lf/r/yUf/z. fi/^yU^/ieU Oj/ t/ze, .^.uchor Jjinr' /. 1830.

IL<xyway-d.
^j.Caiteirmoie . del. J.LeKexiTc.Sc.

BOSS'Ji S Sc RIB MOTILDIHG-S


-1.2. .'5.
6. WpUs CylTacdral. La^-. Qia-._ 7.Wmdsor. SVGeo Cha.: Nave
: 4.5. D9 S.A'ile of
. Choiir.
9.Weil-s Caxh! S.Trazi ; 8 ..10. 11.12 . Windsor, a Lecturers Room.

J.o/idjorL. J^uJjlis-/Le^y by the JiU/cOr. ./fAJ-i^LWSO.


-BBJTTOlSrS AH.dHITECTUfi.AI, ElCTlONAICSr.

G'.Cattcrmole.del. J.LelCe^tx. Sc.

B ib A c k,t: T S .

I. BmldwaE Abb; Qru-: 2.3.StMa2y Ovety's Ch: SoiAkwaark. 4..5. "Wells Cath: CTypt intd-eT Q\.a.p :TIdu.:

6.Laycoclc Abb; Wilts. y.B.baily Qia.p; York Catb.; D."Woo-toTL_ Cbrllirrrts: lO.TDeaxLS Gheb; Cazit? Catb:

II. Cbepsto'w Castle . 12. Salisb? Cath-^Entraace to Chap-.HQ; 1.'?. 14 . Wells Cath}' 15. Croaby tTall . Laridan.

TLoruiofh.J^uhlisheii by t/ie ^iccbior. Sum L18?*0. JiArnea. k.Sofx.


.

.BBITTaN''s ^'J^.CIIITECTURA'L DlCXIOKAiCT. FL.J.

Cj.CaKeigmole dd..
. J.Le Ileia-X, S c ,

BUTT HESSES.
l.CaxLi;e.Tf Calli;-E.E.rLd. 2. SalisTT Ca-tia; ISTaye. 3 . D? Cloisters .

4.Ii.TLColii Caxh.}- jSIa^T'e. 5.Lmcolai CaJ:dL;-E.Eiid.. 6. Eeverley Min stex. Uaa^e .

7. Glou-Cester Caxh^Uave. S.Eotitli CEix; E.End. 9 Bxomli a.m Clna -"Wilts


. :

Lo!id&n^..Tudlir/ied hy th ^iilAir, Jicne J.JS3i?. Bofn^ta, SeSo


.

BiaTTOZffS AUCHITECTtnaAL DICTIOlsrAlCS:.


1-L.i

G- C aXbeirm.dle d^I
. J.le Kfux.Sc.

BUTTRESSES. .ELETEG.
l.Salisb?' CaihE TSlave . 2. CEtiLeiR CaiEE lS!a:ve . 3. Westm? _Rbl>'. CET Ea:ve. 4. 'Louth. CEurcE Tcwex.
5,Ilos.l.v.n Chupdl. 6.'Hc.riry Ul.Chapi; 7. Newcastle. Tower o.l; STMarys Chu ,

fif'd by J. f. fSf^O.
.

Islave

.0 t^eu^

c^.p r'rAi, s

1.2.10. CaxLttTrbury C'atl'i -.


S.Brlst'-i Abb^-y Oatp. 4.5. 6.'/. H. 11 . Pom.-oy Abboj Cliu: Hara^., .-

9. l.'i'iiTy STZclmxmd.s Tcrwt-r.

/^y /lh^> -r.Ti/r:. /./(^i^P.


.

BRlTTOi: S AECCHITECTUILZ\L BIC TIOirATiOr PL. 2.

G-.Q'dLXxxjrmole. dol. Cr. Le Keu::xL. S c


CAPI.TAI.S .

1. 2. 3. 13 . Caiiterb'u.ry Csurli^ 4 5.6.7. SaldstJUTy Caxh: Clia^rllo: B.Wjn'.;hf datii.^

Q.YotIc Catii-. ChoA 10. ll.'NorwiclT. CloisT^rs . 12 Nor'.vifA Srlifirl 'H'.aisP.

l/y /Juf Auchor 1. 18^</.


:Bia.TTO:N'S AilCETTKCTUB..\li

to X Carter.
X Xe XHis
UTTKHAM CATHEDKAI.. fc-

GPxOmrx pxAix.
i^dc Cathedral; ChtD'olT CXoistei": Cho^tei'Hoxise.
;

London. I'iiJ)Ushcd.yIprU
Bay word
N_/\L-IY.

TIC)

LC

-IJ)

Ul-UiLL

!
DirTTONARY

ARCITTTECTTJRAL

BR.TTTOWS

<1

(
cri
bD
;

BRITTOlsr'S AKCHITECTITRAL RI C TIORART,

! / /A A
ffr ; - ,

r-- -it.a
'
\ \
\

,t7'l /

yy>y/}<'.

W *7
LtrA
>i<T. i

-"A}
tj
[

j*
fT
1

^ ^

/\

'
!
X X ! X 1 >: / 1'.
X'T '>' j ,

Xirawn V I.H.aeo'Tre. i;Tigra-,TCa J, Le Kb


RTHTAF TKm ZBTWSE S GliOlDlTI]) FI,Alf IF 12 -VIZ.
1. "Wells 2, LicMield S.HiTt 4. Exeter 5. Lxacolri 6. Enrlxam
7. CaxLterEixry. 8, Gloitcester 9. Wbrcester,_10, Qie8L,eT_Il. Bristol ._12. Salisbxiry.

Xondon, J^uhUshi^J by
. J.Iii'itlkTiv.^lij^ . i.lOS'i
ETLITTOIj's ARCinT-ECTURAL DICTIOTJAlChr.

S.Hay^'i.er. del. J-I^e Ke-ux. Sc

CHIMNEY SHAFTS .

l.BaHwell HaJl, S'liffollL . 2.i>axtan..Isle ofWigEt.

3. East BsAliain. Hall. Nca-foHc. 4. Haro . Stcfl'oll?: .

Lorui^/z . 6v JiuJrhar. Jun^ L 1830.

3t3r,
BRITTONS ARCHITECTURAIj DIC TION ART.

Columns. ._^C iRCTTLAR stnle.


l.lia,rls Barton Clru; 'J'ower. 2. Wim-iiester CatLl Cr^'^iL. 3.11.C!mteT-iiury CatL:Crypt.
4.G. STLeter's Cliiij Ciypt; Oxford. 5. Ma-lmsbiLry Abb-.Clvu; 7. Co.Tivej:itual Chu.-ELy. B.Eteplon Ofm-. Ciypt.
(
S.'WaJthajn AbLOTtu: 10. ll u; of Sf Peter NorQi.'?- 12 .C'liiiiof SI Cross.

//ujyH'/jy'i/. Ji'ifi/.fr.
BRITTOKS ARCHITECTtrajM. DICTXONAlCr.

C.Hacker. IJol, J.Le Keujc.Sc.


C'(yPv.BEL TABLES.
12.4. Castor CtiLUTSTorUi .'^j.
S! l-u.i.-s Ctiai: Ojcford. d.STPeters Clin; Nortl^ 6.1fley Chii; Oxford
7. SaJ.isb'ury Catl i' S.lNde.l ClituYoritsLure . 9.Pe'Lerloro' Catli! 10. Ke'CLoa Chn: Northainpton. SEire .

K-i--}' L /,W.
JJizywAf'd. Frtnf4-
BRITTOJ^S ARCHITECTTJBAI. DICTIONARY.

1. .2 . 8 . S aUsiTiry Gath. 3 CaxLtsriDixTy


. Catli } _MonJV of ATbp ; Kemp
10.11. Sir G-eorChap: Winds ot.

J^afzdcin..JhJ?ii5'/^c0c6 Accc/iOKSuJze, JJi930.

B^tr-ncC! I'ritUer.
.

BIUTTON'S ARCHriTSCTXrjWL DXCTION/VKY. PL...

Rayjier. Del. -XXe Kst^kX


CROS se s
l.Lanh erne. Cornwall. 2.Margam. Soutli "Wales. 3. Si Patricks C? of Louth..

4. Near SI Denis. Prance . 5.~Waltliajra, ELsex. . C.Tron Acton, Gloucesterskii'e .

Zandon, 2iiLUs-h&L IS30.

Haywarii. Pn^
eicttonaux.

AP.CirtTECTtmJU:

ZKITTOirS

ZOU
. .

BRITTOW'S ARCHlTECTURiU: DICTIONARY. Fz.n

(i 4

C..Haclc^r Dpi.
CROSSES ON G-ABLES. &c. J.IeKoux.Sp

1. (iloivcester ChtIi; 2. Horsted Ch-arcii 3.Tri.ii-Y Ch.Ti:C2Liabt 4.5.6 .17. SalisiDiiry Oatiil
'
. . jlfeilon Cr;] i ; ( Ixl'ord . P. 10. TLau C.liu; No.rmandy. Ll.13. Pf'terEoro' 12. .Kxrigs C'olLCthapjrain.bt
1 l.llwki'sl)i,u-_y Abb-.Chu. 15. St Maxys Ckn.: Gloster. .IG.19. liO.Lhicoln Caihl 18. Norwich Catlie(ir.'-tl .
^RITT cost's jmCHlTECTUHAL IDlCTlWARy:'.

266

C.^Hkokei' del. J.ie i'c.

cjO'Teiibttey cathedral church:.


CILTTTS.
Crypt )

lojtdvn, J^ul/Lished ^pril 1 18S 2


,
.

Snrn^ix Tri/ita-
.

C.H^ker del. from, Sk:etcli.e9 "by G-. Cattermole. .T.le Kiel IX To.

CJ\lJTEE,lriURX CA'iTR^.DRAi .

CKYPTS.A, T-ri-nit
y Chapel &c. B. C3ioir Sec.
"Vid-e Crypt &: Ghap^.
JidJneit
Zandort. PLcblislied Jeur^f 18?>2
3^1TTT0'NS J^aiCHITEClCrRAT, DICTIOI^AIIY. PL. I.

C. Packer del. J. Tjo Kolis P'.

]jOOK--W^YS.
1. Brirwarth Ciiiirch 2. Rarls Barton JSIorth'^ 3, JSToTwick Cafh-ecb'al-.
4. Essendiiip Qiuxrli : b. .Baxfrcrton Qrarch. : 6. Ely Conventua.l Chn.:
vide ,l)ooi'-'wavs.
JihviViU-ti

.Dihlis/icd .
.

BRITTON S ARCHITECTLIJRAX DICTIONARY.

LJews House. Lincoln. L. SalisLiiry CaftiedTal. S.'.Moi'wich SckooL House


4. SI George's Chap: "Windsor. 5.Tattersliall Church.. 6. Horn (liureh hssex.

Baj-n^Ct- J^CrUA*'.
.

BiUTTONS ARCH ITECTU RAX, DIC'nONARY PL.Jl.

S . R-cyzier. D el .T.Le K^-iux.Sc.

DOOR WAYS. -

IHigliarn Feyrexs CItu; North'; 2.Cha.pttr Hoi se. Licb f!i CatK
S.LicI I rii'li'l CaJli ! FVest End. 4.York Caih^. W.KiuE

. /a/v/.V/z/v/ /. /k?!?/.

/]' yivnnx. / f/Ji.ry.


,

BRITXOTSiS AB.CHITBCTUaAli DICTIO-N AR.Y

G:C8JCLsi'mole. deJ. J. Xg "Keiix. J

1: l ATlAL
LI^venLam Chu; SirlTex . .'^.Qoisters. Norwich Catli.

4.6 SadisbT Caxii B? Bridports


. riylon^ 5.TJ? B? Bingiia.iiis Mi 7. IleTi;Vil.Ch-a.p: Great Pier.

S-Winchcs ter CatB i 9.Si Oeo'. Qiap: 'Windsor. Niche to B? Bean champ.

Lc'ridon. /yj cJie Auch^^K LJS30.


. :

S-B-aynex, !Del. TXifi lieu:


FONTS.
i.Kast Meon Chu;. S.Avebra'v Clm; 3. Mi chassis Chu; Sou.tii? m
4. BotHni Chn
OlU: 6.Lostwithial C?iu ; 7. Wanafo.rd Cha; Hortli ? S.BamecF Clru: !>?
9.Dordhest/-r Chu: Oxford! iO.Bridekirt Qia: CTunTeidand.
/ . 72//^ >/l // /I/. fV. /.
.

G-.Cartfiraaole del.
.
J. Le 'K.exix^

Tli A CETtY OF VA E LT E D CEIEIK QS .

i.HTley Chu. 0_5:foi'dshii-e . 2/.N'cir'vvich CtL't]i: CluisDers . 3iPeterboi:ou^h Caih.: S.Aile .

4.'VVells Catxi'.-Aile of tile Cb'.iir. b.Melrqse Ab.bi'yQiu.. G.Wells Ca;tlriedral . Qiajpter Ho-u_se .

7..fCoi'\vic]:v Cazii; Cloisters S-Q-lO-tVestminster Abl)ev n.iii

i>j- id- /tru/Jh^rJiu/t' J. /SJ'.''.

Prorf.
.

BRITTOK's Rl^CLlITECTUKAT, DICTIOKA lEY.

From SVr.Tf.:nie& B-'FJ. J.LgITgus


'iRACK'ftY OF VAUi,TF,D CEXT,] R &.
Chapter House . York C-.-ithedra 1

7uj;.J.->n lUS/zymcC Cy C/'i Aui/icr.j'iu/r / JrVii'


,

BRlTTOiJS AR,CI-irTECTUaAI. DICTIOWAE.'Y. PL. 2.

mACEKY OF VAULTED CIELIUGS .

1. EitigS CoHL Cliaj:, Canibiicige . /..A. 6. Si- Creox^e's Qiaqd: VoiaAsor


3. Charptei: Koixse, Caarterl-nxc^ Ca^tla: 6. DeaiA? CLaajo-.

I^ndofz,.Iiii2 lished by t/ze Auchz?/: Suji 21830.

2renzjn^aJ.p
.

T S aistd SPIME S o

^
Set" tlxe antit-.les .Sj)i.L'e ,
Steeple TtiwerX-c^

Lmuio?!.. //ahb\shM by J. Hi'f.tfx)/i,Syly I83S


BKITTOlSrS ARCBTTECTIIKAL DICTIOITAET.

J. R-.Th.o'm.psoii del. T.Le Eluc fc

WIKDOWS MinrJLIOlfS

^.Sc-e tlif av1i('1.e VVi-.u.H.ow.)

hij J. fij'vttnn .
Ju/u, .