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THEORY OF

ARCHITECTURE
&
PRINCIPLES OF
PLANNING
ENGINEERING ARCHITECTURE
FUNCTIONAL FUNCTIONAL
STRUCTURALLY SOUND STRUCTURALLY SOUND

ECONOMICAL BEAUTIFUL
DEFINITION
OF
ARCHITECTURE
VITRUVIUS
Marcus Vitruvius Polio

FIRMITAS FIRMNESS DURABILITY

UTILITAS COMMODITY UTILITY

VENUSTAS DELIGHT BEAUTY


DEFINITION OF ARCHITECTURE
DK CHING, A VISUAL DICTIONARY OF ARCHITECTURE

The ART
product or result of architectural work

and SCIENCE
style or method of building
characteristic of a people, place or time
of DESIGNING PROCESS
profession of designing buildings and other habitable
environments

and CONSTRUCTING
conscious act of forming things resulting in a unifying or
coherent structure
BUILDINGS.
THE
ESSENCE
OF
ARCHITECTURE
ESSENCE OF ARCHITECTURE

Greek words

ARCHI = first, original


TECT = the ability to put things together

Sanskrit root

ARTS = everything in its right place


ESSENCE OF ARCHITECTURE
Fundamental Desires of Man

1. Preservation
2. Recognition
3. Response to a need
4. Self - expression
ESSENCE OF ARCHITECTURE

Architecture is the process that we instinctively


recognize as the genius of growth and creation

It gives form to the invisible pulses and rhythm of


life

The physical manifestation of the power is a


consequence of the desire for the invisible to be
made visible
THEORIES
IN
ARCHITECTURE
THEORIES
IN
ARCHITECTURE
THEORY
Analysis of a set of facts in relation to one another
Belief, policy or procedure proposed
or followed as basis of action
An ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles or
circumstances of a body of fact on science or art
A plausible or scientifically accepted general
principle or body of principles offered to explain
phenomenon
FORMS / TYPES OF THEORY
DESCRIPTIVE
PRESCRIPTIVE
CRITICAL
FORMS / TYPES OF THEORY
DESCRIPTIVE
Explains phenomenon or events
Neutral do not lean towards any ideology
FORMS / TYPES OF THEORY
PRESCRIPTIVE
Prescribes bases or guidelines
FORMS / TYPES OF THEORY
CRITICAL
Challenges relationships between architecture &
society
ARCHITECTURAL THEORY
ESSENCE & COMPOSITION
A collection of thoughts, views and ideas
Organized by theme or topic
Evolution of thoughts
Combination of various thoughts, speculations
and concepts

There is no grand theory or unified theory of


architecture.
ARCHITECTURAL
SYSTEMS
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS
The architecture of: SPACE
STRUCTURE
ENCLOSURE

Experienced through: Movement


Space - Time
Achieved by means of: Technology
Accommodating a: Program
Compatible with its Context
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS
Architecture SPACE
STRUCTURE
ENCLOSURE

Experience Movement
Space - Time
Means Technology
Accommodation Program
Compatibility Context
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS
Architecture

SPACE
STRUCTURE
ENCLOSURE

Organizational pattern, relationships, hierarchy


Qualities of shape, color, texture,scale, proportion
Qualities of surfaces, edges and openings
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

Experience

Movement
Space - Time

Approach and entry


Path configuration and access
Sequence of spaces
Light, view, touch, hearing and smell
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

Means

Technology

Structure and enclosure


Environmental protection and comfort
Health, safety and welfare
Durability
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

Accommodation
Program

User requirements, needs, aspirations


Socio-cultural factors
Economic factors
Legal restraints
Historical tradition and precedents
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

Compatibility

Context

Site and environment


Climate: sun, wind, temperature and precipitation
Geography: soils, topography, vegetation and water
Sensory and cultural characteristics of the place
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time
Technology Means

Program Accommodation

Context Compatibility
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
Technology Means

Program Accommodation

Context Compatibility
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation

Context Compatibility
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation
CIRCULATION SYSTEM
Context Compatibility
ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS

SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation
CIRCULATION SYSTEM
Context Compatibility
CONTEXT
SYSTEMS ORDERS
SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM PHYSICAL
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation
CIRCULATION SYSTEM
Context Compatibility
CONTEXT
SYSTEMS ORDERS
SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM PHYSICAL
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM PERCEPTUAL
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation
CIRCULATION SYSTEM
Context Compatibility
CONTEXT
SYSTEMS ORDERS
SPACE Architecture
STRUCTURE SPATIAL SYSTEM PHYSICAL
ENCLOSURE

Movement Experience
Space - Time ENCLOSURE SYSTEM PERCEPTUAL
Technology Means
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

Program Accommodation
CIRCULATION SYSTEM CONCEPTUAL
Context Compatibility
CONTEXT