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SCHEME & SYLLABUS

M.Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering


Effective from 2012-13

Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering


Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology
Murthal (Sonipat), Haryana, 131039
Mission
To facilitate and promote studies and research in emerging areas of Electronics and
Communication engineering with focus on new frontiers of upcoming technologies
evolution of enlightened technocrats, innovators and entrepreneurs who will
contribute to national growth in particular and to international community as a whole.

Vision
To achieve excellence in education and research in main & related areas of Electronics
and communication technologies, Sustainable growth of the students not only locally
but globally and to occupy a place of pride amongst the most eminent organizations of
the world.
DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, MURTHAL, SONEPAT-
131 039 (HARYANA)

ORDINANCE FOR CREDIT BASED SYSTEM

For

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY

(w.e.f. from the academic session 2008-09)

1 Preliminaries

1.1 This ordinance shall apply to all the PG programme (Master of Technology) in the
University Teaching Departments.

PG Programme

Courses Normal duration Extended duration

M. Tech. (full time) Two Years (04 semesters) Four Years

M. Tech. (part time) Three Years (04 semesters) Four Years

An academic year shall consist of two semesters (odd & even) of approximately 20
weeks duration inclusive of the period of examination and semester break. The
eligibility criteria for admission to each programme, fee structure, academic calendar,
scheme of studies and examinations, examination schedule, sports calendar and cultural
activity calendar etc. for the academic year shall be published in the prospectus.

2. ORDINANCE: MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY

Notwithstanding anything contained in any other ordinance with regard to the matter
hereunder, the courses of study for the Degrees of Master of Technology and the
conditions for admission thereto shall be as under:

2.1 A Person holding, B E /B Tech. or any other equivalent degree in relevant discipline, as
defined clearly in the prospectus, from any recognized Indian/foreign University with at
least 55% marks in aggregate or equivalent grade, shall be eligible for admission.

2.2 Seats will first be filled by GATE qualified candidates and any remaining vacant seats will
be offered to NON-GATE candidates on the basis of admission criterion adopted by the
university time to time. However, it will be mentioned in the prospectus.
2.3 Part-time Candidates: A whole-time regular employee (teaching and technical staff) of
DCRUST, Murthal shall be admitted as a part-time candidate against sponsored category
seats, if he /she is eligible and falls in the merit list prepared for this category. Such
sponsored part-time candidates of DCRUST, Murthal will be required to pay total tuition
fee of the programme spread over 3 years. However, these part-time candidates will be
required to pay University fee in full every year similar to a regular candidate. The
classes of part time candidates shall be held along with the regular candidates. Such
part-time candidate shall be allowed to take not less than 2 and not more than 3 theory
courses in a semester.

2.4 Relaxation up to 5% in the qualifying examination marks shall be provided to SC / ST


candidates as per Haryana Govt. rules.

2.5 The Master of Technology Degree courses shall extend over a minimum period of two &
three academic years for regular and part time students, respectively. Teaching in each
academic year shall be divided into two semesters, each semester extending to 20
weeks including practical, semester examination and semester break. Teaching for odd
semesters will normally be from August to December and for even semesters from
January to May.

2.6 At the end of the each semester, there shall be an examination wherein candidates shall
be examined in the courses studied by them in that semester. Each semester
examination shall be designated as First Semester Examination, Second Semester
Examination, and Third Semester Examination and so on.

2.7 The Examination for all semester will normally be held in December/January and also in
May/ June on such dates as may be fixed by the Controller of Examination as per the
Schedule provided by the University. The date(s) of commencement of examination as
well as the last date(s) for the receipt of examination forms and fees shall also be
notified by the controller of Examinations to the concerned University Teaching
Departments.

2.8 The courses of the study and the subjects of examinations shall be as approved by the
Academic Council from time to time. The medium of instructions and Examination shall
ordinarily be English except otherwise decided by the Academic Council. The question
paper will be set in English, except otherwise decided by the board of studies concerned
and approved by the Academic Council. Every candidate shall be examined in the
subjects as laid down in the syllabus approved by the Academic Council from time to
time. The credits for each subject as also the contact hours per week will be mentioned
in the scheme of studies approved by the Academic Council.

Evaluation Process:

a. Major Test (Theory Examination):

Written question papers for the semester examination shall be set by an External/
Internal paper setter appointed by the Vice-Chancellor from a panel of examiners
submitted by the chairman of the department duly approved by the BOS of the
concerned department and the answer sheets shall generally be evaluated by the
internal examiners but can be evaluated from outside experts with the permission of
the Vice-Chancellor. At the most 50% question papers can be set by the external
examiners. In case a question paper is not received in time from an external examiners
or he refuses to set the question paper, the paper can be got set from an internal
examiner. The evaluation of answer sheets will be done by the examiners as per the
procedure laid down by the University for the purpose.

b. Practical Examination:

Examination in practical and viva-voce shall be conducted jointly by the external and
Internal Examiners appointed by the Vice-Chancellor from a panel of examiners
submitted by the chairman of the department duly approved by the BOS of the
concerned. If an External Examiner is not able to join, alternate examiner (including
those of the same University dept) may be appointed by the Chairperson of the
concerned dept. with the intimation to the Controller of Examinations in the following
preferential order:

i) From outside ii) from DCRUST Murthal

. Sesssionals:

Sessional works shall be evaluated by the teachers of the various subjects based on the
work done during semester on the basis of the following weightage:

S. Components of Sessional Weightage


no.
Theory Courses
1. Surprise Quiz/ Tutorial Test (at least 2+2 ) 20 %
2. Assignment / Project / Performance in the Class 20 %
3. Minor Tests (Two tests having equal weightage) 60 %
Lab courses
1. Objective Tests/Multiple Choice Questions 20 %
2. Lab. Work / Project/Lab Record 60 %
3. Viva Voce 20 %
Seminar/ Project
1. Presentation 40 %
2. Discussion 20%
3. Report 40 %
Dissertation (Phase I)
1. 1st Presentation & Discussion 30 %
2. 2nd Presentation &Discussion 40 %
3. Report 30 %
Dissertation
1. 1st Presentation & Discussion 30 %
2. Pre-submission Presentation & Discussion 40 %
3. Report 30 %

Wherever the evaluation is through presentation, it will be done by a Committee


constituted by the Chairman of the concerned Department under his/her chairmanship.

Every student has to appear in both the minor tests. If a student does not take a
minor test, he/she shall be awarded zero marks in that test. The marks obtained in
sessional/practical/theory/seminar/dissertation are to be submitted to the Examination
Branch duly signed by the Chairperson of the department before the close of semester
examination or a date fixed by the COE. The examination branch/course coordinator
shall convert the marks in to equivalent grades as per the grading procedure.

2.9 DISSERTATIONS:

(a) A candidate shall prepare his / her dissertation under the supervision of one or at
the most two supervisors. Wherever there are two supervisors, one must be from
the concern department and the other may be Intra-departmental, Inter-
departmental, External Institution or Industry). However, the reasons for
recommendation of other supervisor will be recorded in the Dissertation Allotment
proceedings. Supervisors prior written consent must be submitted by the candidate
to concerned Department.

(b) The dissertation shall contain a critical account of a candidates research. It should
be characterized by discovery of facts or fresh approach towards interpretation of
facts & theories or significant contribution to knowledge of design or development,
or a combination of them. It should demonstrate candidates capacity for analysis
and judgment as also his ability to carry out independent investigation in design or
development. A dissertation may be supplemented by published work, if any. No
part of the dissertation or supplementary published work should have been
submitted elsewhere for the award of any other degree.

(c) The dissertation shall present an orderly and critical exposition of existing
knowledge of the subject or shall embody results of original investigation &
demonstrate the capacity of the candidate to do independent research work. While
writing the dissertation, the candidate shall lay out clearly the work done by him /
her independently and the sources from which he / she has obtained other
information.

(d) A candidate shall submit his/her Dissertation at the end of 4th semester (6th
semester for part-time candidate) provided that he/she has qualified in all courses
included in the Scheme of Exams. The result of dissertation shall be declared only
after the candidate has passed all the courses. In case a candidates dissertation is
rejected he/she must complete it within the stipulated period of four years.
However, he/she has to register each semester depositing Continuation fee as
decided by the University.

(e) Every student will be required to submit 3 bound copies of his / her dissertation to
the office of concerned Dept. Out of these, one copy will be kept for departmental
record and one copy shall be for the supervisor. A copy of it will be sent to the
external examiner by mail by the concerned department, after his / her
appointment and intimation from the University.

(f) Dissertation will be evaluated by a committee of examiners consisting of Chairman


of concerned Dept., dissertation supervisor(s) and one external examiner. There is
no requirement of a separate evaluation report on the Dissertation from the
external examiner.

Two external examiners shall be approved in an order of preference by the Vice-


Chancellor from a panel of examiners approved by the BOS and sent to Controller of
Examinations. The first examiner shall be called by the Department to conduct the
Dissertation Exam. & in case of his/her refusal, the second examiner shall be called.
In case both the external examiners so appointed by the University do not turn up,
the Vice-Chancellor, on recommendation of concerned Chairman of Department
shall appoint, in an order of preference, another set of two external examiners.

(g) The student will defend his / her dissertation work through presentation before the
examiners and the committee will award marks in percentage. A student scoring F
grade in the Dissertation examination shall have to resubmit his/her Dissertation
after making all corrections / improvements and this dissertation shall be evaluated
as above.

(h) The Dissertation Examination shall be held at least twice a year. If a candidate is not
available for Dissertation Examination due to some unforeseen reasons, he / she
shall be allowed for the same in the next scheduled exam. The examination shall be
open to a candidate who:

2.10 The examination shall be open to a candidate:

has attended regularly the prescribed courses of studies for the relevant semester
examination in the department recognized by the University for the degree of
Master of Technology.
has his/her name submitted to the Controller of Examinations by the Chairperson of
the department.
has a good moral character (certificate be issued by the chairperson of the
department concern if required ).
has attended not less than 75% of the total classes held in each
theory/lab/seminar/ dissertation etc. This requirement shall be fulfilled separately
for each subject of study. A deficiency up to 10% may be condoned by the
Chairman of the department. A further condonation of 5% in attendance may be
allowed in severe/ Compassionate circumstances by the Vice-Chancellor. However
it may not be treated as a matter of right by the students. (In case a student fails to
fulfill the necessary requirement of the attendance in any subject(s) in any
semester, he/ she shall not be promoted to next semester and will have to repeat
that academic semester in the next academic session along with regular students.)

2.11 The examinations for reappear in any subject(s) in the odd semester and that of in the
even semester shall be held in the respective semesters along with the regular students.
In addition to above, examination for reappear in the subjects in odd semesters will also
be held during the even semesters examinations and vice-versa.

The amount of Exam/Reappear/ Re-evaluation/ Improvement fee to be paid by the


candidates shall be as prescribed by the University from time to time. A candidate who
has paid dues for the higher class and is dropped for want of fulfillment of any of the
above conditions shall not be required to pay his dues again on re-admission after
fulfillment of above conditions.

Re-evaluation is permitted only for major tests (Theory course) as per University rules
for re-evaluation.

A candidate who is unable to pass the Master of Technology Course within a maximum
of four consecutive academic years from the date of his admission shall lose the right
to pursue the degree programme. In exceptional cases, mercy chance can be given by
the Vice-Chancellor to a candidate if he/she applies.

2.12 The minimum passing marks/grade for passing any semester Examination shall be:

i. 40% in each major test (theory paper)/D Grade.


ii. 40% in each Practical Examination/Viva-Voice Examination (D Grade)
iii. 40% marks in each Sessional (D Grade)
vi. SGPA of 4.0

A candidate who fails to obtain the requisite marks/grade in any course shall be required
to appear in the concerned course in the subsequent examination(s) as per the clause
2.11.

2.13 The result of a student at the end of each semester Examination and after completion of
course shall be declared on the basis of the SGPA & CGPA (cumulative grade point
average) obtained by the student..
2.14 At the end of each semester examination, the COE shall publish the result, provided that
in a case where candidate who was permitted to take examination for higher semester
but has not cleared the lower semester examination his result for the higher semester
examination will be declared provisionally. Each successful candidate shall be issued a
copy of the result card on having passed the semester examination.

2.15 Notwithstanding the integrated nature of the course wherever it is spread over more
than one academic year, the Ordinance in force at the time a student joins the course
shall hold good only for the examination held during or at the end of the semester and
nothing in this Ordinance shall be deemed to debar the University from amending the
Ordinance and the amended Ordinance, if any, shall apply to all students whether old or
new.

3. SCHOLARSHIP:

Scholarship may be awarded to students as per the terms and conditions stipulated by
the funding agencies. However, it should be mentioned in the prospectus.

4. THE CREDIT SYSTEM:

Each Academic Program has a certain number of credits which describe its weightage. A
students performance is measured by the number of credits that he/she has completed
satisfactorily. A minimum grade point average is required to be maintained for
satisfactory progress.

Each subject (component) has a certain number of credits which reflect its weightage
and is normally decided on the basis of effective contacts hours. It is mentioned in the
scheme of studies and examinations.

4.1 The semester examination for the odd semesters shall ordinarily be held in the month of
December/January and for the even semesters in the month of May/June, on such
dates as may be fixed by University authority. The concerned teacher/ course
coordinator should ensure that 100% syllabus is covered in each subject before the
Semester Examination.

4.2 A faculty member shall be appointed as a course-coordinator by the Chairperson of the


department who shall have the full responsibility for conducting the minor tests,
evaluation work and awarding of grades.

4.3 The marks/grade awarded to a student in any particular subject will be based on the
performance of the student evaluated throughout the semester. The syllabus of the
minor tests will be what is covered in that particular term. The Semester Examination
will be based on the entire syllabus.
4.4 The marks/grades will be displayed on the notice board of the department by the
Chairperson before forwarding it to the Examination Branch.

4.5 The Chairperson of the department shall forward the awards/grades to the Examination
Branch within a week after the semester ends and examination process starts. The
evaluated answer sheets of minor tests are to be kept by the course coordinator for at
least one year. The Examination Branch will keep the evaluated answer sheets of the
semester examination for at least one year.

5 GRADING SYSTEMS:

For the award of grades in a subject, all component-wise evaluation shall be done in
marks. The marks would be converted to grades as per the guidelines given below:

5.1 Award of Grades Based on Absolute Marks

The University will follow system of grading for all (irrespective of no. of students)
based on absolute marks (after applying moderation if any) as given below:

Range of Marks (%) Grade

90 to 100 A+

80 to 89 A

70 to 79 B+

62 to 69 B

55 to 61 C+

46 to 54 C

40 to 45 D

Less than 40 F

Note:

(i) The awards/grades shall be submitted by the teacher concerned through course
coordinator to the Chairperson of the department. The awards/grades should be
finalized within 7 days of the semester examination.

(ii) In case of any difficulty/issue related to courses/conduct/moderation of


awards/grades/recon-duct of paper, the matter will be referred to a departmental
monitoring committee comprising of Chairperson, senior most teachers by rotation,
course coordinator and faculty nominee of the Dean of Faculty. The committee will be
headed by the chairperson. The committee, on receipt of complaint from student or
teacher, shall meet at the earliest and will give its decision within one week. The
decision of the committee shall be final.

5.2 Grade points:

The grading point of academic performance will be as under:-

Academic Performance Grades Grade Points

Outstanding A+ 10

Excellent A 9

Very Good B+ 8

Good B 7

Average C+ 6

Below Average C 5

Marginal D 4

Very Poor F 0

Absent G -

Audit Pass AP -

Audit Fail AF -

Incomplete Dissertation X -

Note:

1. Pass Grade is Grade D and higher grades

2. Grade F is Fail grade.

F Grade

The F grade denotes poor performance, i.e. failing a subject(or subject component). A
student has to repeat all those components of a subject(s), in which he/she obtains F
grades, until a passing grade is obtained, within the stipulated time of completion of
that programe as mentioned in clause 1.1. For the elective subject(s) in which F
grades have been obtained, the student may take the same course or any other course
from the same category/group. The candidate will be allowed to take up the
examination next time along with regular students but he/she will be awarded up to B+
only.

G Grade

If any student, who is otherwise eligible for appearing in the semester examination as
per the ordinance, but he/she is unable to appear in the semester examination then he
/she will be awarded G grade. The candidate will be allowed to take up the
examination next time along with regular students and he /she will be awarded the
grade as per grade system explained above and the restriction of awarding a maximum
of B+ grade will not be applicable in his /her case.

AP/AF Grade

These grades are awarded to qualifying/Non-Credit subject(s) (as per scheme supplied
by concerned departments). The candidate will not be eligible for award of degree
without qualifying these courses.

Continuous Absence

If a student is continuously absent from the Department for more than four weeks
without intimation to the Chairperson of Department, his/her name will be struck off
from the roll of department. The re-admission shall not be allowed to the candidate
during the same academic session.

X Grade

This grade is awarded for incomplete Dissertation work as per guidelines given below
and will be converted to a regular grade on the completion of the Dissertation work and
its evaluation.

A student who is unable to complete his/her Dissertation may be awarded an X grade


by the Chairman/Chairperson/chairperson on the recommendation of his/her
supervisor.

A student who has been awarded X grade shall be required to formally register for the
next semester and pay the requisite fee.

X grade will be awarded in exceptional circumstances beyond students/supervisors


control. Normally, the following grounds may be considered for the award of X grade:

(a) Technical reasons/grounds such as Supervisor/equipment not being available.

(b) Any other reason to the satisfaction of supervisor.


5.3 Evaluation of Performance

The performance of a student will be evaluated in terms of Cumulative Grade Point


Average (CGPA) which is the Grade Point Average for all the completed semesters at any
point of time.

The CGPA is calculated on the basis of all pass grades, except audit courses, obtained in
all completed semesters.

(Course credits x Grade point) for courses with pass grade except audit courses
CGPA= Sem
(Course credits) of courses with pass grade except audit courses
Sem

Illustration for calculating SGPA/CGPA:

1st Semester

Course No. Course Grade Awarded Earned Grade Points Point Secured
Credits (3) Credits (5) (6)
(1) (2) (4)
MALXXX 5 C+ 5 6 30
CSLXXX 4 C 4 5 20
PHLXXX 4 A+ 4 10 40
PHPXXX 1.5 B+ 1.5 8 12
MELXXX 4 F 0 0 00
AMLXXX 4 B 4 7 28

Credits registered in the semester (total of column 2) = 22.5

Earned Credits in the semester = 18.5

Total of column 4 (total of column 2 excluding F grade)

Point secured in this semester in passed courses = 130

Po int s secured in passed courses 130


SGPA = 7.027
Credits earned 18.5
2nd Semester

Course No. Course Grade Awarded Earned Grade Points Point Secured
Credits (3) Credits (5) (6)
(1) (2) (4)
MALXXX 5 D 5 4 20
EELXXX 5 F 0 0 00
CYLXXX 4 B 4 7 28
CYPXXX 1.5 C+ 1.5 6 09
MELXXX 4 A 4 9 36
HULXXX 2 AP 2 N.A. 00

Credits registered in the semester (total of column 2) = 21.5


Earned Credits in the semester =14.5
Total of column 4 (total of column 2 excluding F&AP grades)
Cumulative Earned Credits (earned credits in previous semesters and current semester)
= 18.5+14.5=33.0
Points Secured in this semester in passed courses = 93
Cumulative points secured (total of point secured in previous semesters and current semester)
= 130 + 93 = 223
Cumulative points secured in all passed courses 130 93
CGPA = 6.757
Cumulative earned credits, excluding audit courses 18.5 14.5

Each successful candidate shall be issued a copy of the result card on having passed the
semester examination.

Conversion of CGPA into Marks

The CGPA if multiplied by 9.5 will give the equivalent marks in %age.

Candidates who pass all the prescribed subjects for all the semesters, but obtained:-

(i) Less than CGPA of 5.26 Pass class

(ii) 5.26 CGPA<6.32 2nd Division

(iii) 6.32 CGPA<7.9 1st Division

(iv) CGPA of 7.9 or more 1st Division with Honors provided that they have
passed all the semester exams, within the
normal period of course.

will be awarded aforesaid division.

---
Previous M Tech Ordinance (w.e.f. 2008-09)

SESSSIONAL:

Sessional works shall be evaluated by the teachers of the various subjects based on the
work done during semester on the basis of the following weightage:

S. no. Components of Sessional Weightage


Theory Courses
1. Surprise Quiz/ Tutorial Test (at least 2+2 ) 20 %
2. Assignment / Project / Performance in the Class 20 %
3. Minor Tests (Two tests having equal weightage) 60 %
Lab courses
1. Objective Tests/Multiple Choice Questions 20 %
2. Lab. Work / Project/Lab Record 60 %
3. Viva Voce 20 %
Seminar/ Project
1. Presentation 40 %
2. Discussion 20%
3. Report 40 %
Dissertation (Phase I)
1. 1st Presentation & Discussion 30 %
nd
2. 2 Presentation &Discussion 40 %
3. Report 30 %
Dissertation
1. 1st Presentation & Discussion 30 %
2. Pre-submission Presentation & Discussion 40 %
3. Report 30 %
Wherever the evaluation is through presentation, it will be done by a Committee
constituted by the Chairman of the concerned Department under his/her chairmanship.
AWARD OF GRADES BASED ON ABSOLUTE MARKS

The University will follow system of grading for all (irrespective of no. of students),
based on absolute marks (after applying moderation if any) as given below:

Range of Marks (%) Grade

90 to 100 A+
80 to 89 A
70 to 79 B+
62 to 69 B
55 to 61 C+
46 to 54 C
40 to 45 D
Less than 40 F
GRADE POINTS:
The grading point of academic performance will be as under:-

Academic Performance Grades Grade Points

Outstanding A+ 10
Excellent A 9
Very Good B+ 8
Good B 7
Average C+ 6
Below Average C 5
Marginal D 4
Very Poor F 0
Absent G -
Audit Pass AP -
Audit Fail AF -
Incomplete Dissertation X -

Conversion of CGPA into Marks

The CGPA if multiplied by 9.5 will give the equivalent marks in %age.

Candidates who pass all the prescribed subjects for all the semesters, but obtained:-

(i) Less than CGPA of 5.26 Pass class

(ii) 5.26 CGPA<6.32 2nd Division

(iii) 6.32 CGPA<7.9 1st Division

(iv) CGPA of 7.9 or more 1st Division with Honours provided that they
have passed all the semester exams, within the
normal period of course.

will be awarded aforesaid division.


Programme Educational Objectives:

1. Core Competence:

Post Graduating engineers should understand the basic concepts of Electronics


and Communication engineering fundamentals required to solve engineering
problems and also to pursue higher studies & Research.

2. Preparations:

To prepare students for various competitive exams like NET, GRE, Entrance
exam for research organisations like DRDO, ISRO etc, for the purpose of higher
studies and research and getting better placements in PSU, MNCs along with
research organisations.

3. Application and Synthesis:

To give more emphasis on application and synthesis in courses related to


Design of electronic Circuits and their Simulation along with optimization. It
helps in developing practical skills to design experimentation and develop
confidence for tackling a problem and initiating its solution.
To train students with good scientific and engineering knowledge, so as to
comprehend, analyse, design, and create novel products and solutions for the
real life problems/systems.

4. Professionalism:

To inculcate in students professional and ethical attitude, effective


communication skills team work skills, multidisciplinary approach, social
engineering, and an ability to relate engineering issues to broader social
context.

5. Learning Environment:

To provide students with and academic environment aware of excellence,


leadership, written ethical codes and guidelines, and the lifelong learning
needed for a successful career.
Programme Outcomes:

Following are the programme outcomes:

a. an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering,


b. an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and
interpret data,
c. an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired
needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental,
social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and
sustainability,
d. an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams,
e. an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems,
f. an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility,
g. an ability to communicate effectively,
h. the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering
solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context. To
indulge in Research and development activities that will be helpful to
further technological development.
i. a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long
learning,
j. a knowledge of contemporary issues.
k. an ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools
necessary for engineering practice.
DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, MURTHAL (SONEPAT)

SCHEME OF STUDIES & EXAMINATION FOR

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY DEGREE COURSE IN


ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
(Credit Based Scheme w.e.f 2012-13)
SEMESTER I

Sr.No Course No. Course Title Teaching Marks of Exam. Marks Total Credit Duration
Schedule Class Work Marks of Exam.

L P
Theory Practical

1 MTEC-501-B Advanced Digital Signal Processing 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

2 MTEC-503-B Information & Communication Theory 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

3 MTEC-505-B Digital VLSI design 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

4 MTEC-507-B Advance Microprocessor & Application 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

5 MTEC-509-B Optimization Techniques 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

6 MTEC-531-B Digital VLSI Design Lab - 3 20 30 50 1.5 3

7 MTEC-537-B Advance Microprocessors &- 3 20 30 50 1.5 3


Applications Lab

Total 20 6 165 375 60 600 23

Note:

1. The students will be allowed to use non-Programmable Scientific Calculator. However, sharing/exchange of
calculator are prohibited in the examination.
2. Electronics Gadgets including Cellular Phones are not allowed in the examination.
DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, MURTHAL (SONEPAT)
SCHEME OF STUDIES & EXAMINATION FOR
MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY DEGREE COURSE IN
ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
(Credit Based Scheme w.e.f 2012-13)
SEMESTER II

Sr.No Course No. Course Title Teaching Marks of Exam. Marks Total Credit Duration
Schedule Class Work Marks of Exam.

L P
Theory Practical

1 MTEC-502-B Advanced Electronics Instrumentation 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

2 MTEC-504-B Advanced Optical Communication 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

3 MTEC-506-B Digital Image Processing 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

4 Elective-1 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

5 Elective-II 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

6 MTEC-534-B Advanced Optical communication lab - 3 20 30 50 1.5 3

7 MTEC-536-B Advanced image Processing Lab - 3 20 30 50 1.5 3

20 6 165 375 60 600 23


Total

ELECTIVE I
ELECTIVE - II
MTEC-508-B Analog VLSI Design MTEC-518-B Semiconductor Device Modeling

MTEC-510-B Multimedia Communication MTEC-520-B Advanced Satellite Communication

MTEC-512-B Statistical Signal Processing MTEC-522-B Multirate and Wavelet signal Processing

MTEC-514-B Design of Embedded system MTEC-524- B DSP Processor

MTEC-516-B Embedded Networking MTEC-526-B Communication Network

1. The students will be allowed to use non-Programmable Scientific Calculator. However, sharing/exchange of
calculator is prohibited in the examination.
2. Electronics Gadgets including Cellular Phones are not allowed in the examination.
DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, MURTHAL (SONEPAT)

SCHEME OF STUDIES & EXAMINATION FOR

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY DEGREE COURSE IN


ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
(Credit Based Scheme w.e.f 2013-14)
SEMESTER III

Sr.No Course No. Course Title Teaching Marks of Exam. Marks Total Credit Duration
Schedule Class Work Marks of Exam.

L P
Theory Practical

1 MTEC-601-B Advanced Wireless Communication 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3


System

2 MTEC-603-B Reliability Engineering 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

3 Elective-III 4 - 25 75 - 100 4 3

4 MTEC-631-B Advance Wireless Communication Lab 3 20 30 50 1.5 3

5 MTEC-633-B Seminar - 2 50 - - 50 2 -

6 MTEC-635-B Project - 3 20 30 50 1.5 -

7 MTEC-637-B Dissertation (Phase-I) - 6 100 - 100 6 -

Total 12 14 265 225 60 550 23 -

ELECTIVE 3
MTEC-605-B CMOS Mixed signal circuit design

MTEC-607-B MEMS and IC Integration

MTEC-609-B Algorithm for VLSI Deign

MTEC-611-B Software for Embedded System

MTEC-613-B Embedded Application Based on Advance Microcontroller

1. The students will be allowed to use non-Programmable Scientific Calculator. However, sharing/exchange of
calculator is prohibited in the examination.
2. Electronics Gadgets including Cellular Phones are not allowed in the examination.
DEENBANDHU CHHOTU RAM UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, MURTHAL (SONEPAT)

SCHEME OF STUDIES & EXAMINATION FOR

MASTER OF TECHNOLOGY DEGREE COURSE IN


ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
(Credit Based Scheme w.e.f 2013-14)
SEMESTER IV

Sr.No Course No. Course Title Teaching Marks of Exam. Marks Total Credit
Schedule Class Work Marks

L P
Theory Practical

1 MTEC-602-B Dissertation - 20 50 - 100 150 20

Total 20 50 - 100 150 20

NOTE:

1. The students will be allowed to use non-Programmable Scientific Calculator. However , sharing/exchange of
calculator are prohibited in the examination.
2. Electronics Gadgets including Cellular Phones are not allowed in the examination.
MTEC-501-B ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks

Course Objectives: To make students able to use concepts of DSP. Introduce them with practical signal processing used in
communication. To make them aware about advanced sampling theorem, multirate signal processing used in systems. To provide
concepts related to Random and stochastic processes. Statistical signal processing and Linear prediction are introduced for random
signal processing. Power density spectrum and its estimation by different methods are covered to a great extent.

UNIT I
Sampling and Multi rate Digital Signal Processing:
Sampling: Review of Basic Sampling theorem, Sampling for Band limited Signals with sampling rate less than twice of maximum
frequency, integer band positioning, Arbitrary band Positioning, Reconstruction, sampling rate conversion.
Multi rate Signal Processing (MSP): Need for MSP, Increasing & Decreasing sampling rate by integer factor (Interpolation &
Decimation), Changing the sampling rate by rational factor, Structures for sampling rate conversion: Polyphase Filter
implementation, cascaded integrator comb Filters; Multistage Structures, Applications of MSP.
UNIT II
Linear Prediction & Optimum Linear Filters:
Random Process, Stationary Random Process, Statistical/Ensemble Averages, Ensemble Averages for joint Random Processes,
Power Density Spectrum, Discrete Time Random Signals, Time-Averages for a discrete-time Random Process, Mean Ergodicity,
Correlation Ergodic Process.
Stationary Random Process Representation: AR, MA & ARMA Processes, autocorrelation sequence and filter coefficients
association; Linear Prediction: Backward & Forward; Optimum Reflection coefficients for lattice backward & forward predictors, AR
process and linear prediction Relationship.
UNIT III
Power Spectrum Estimation:
Nonparametric methods: Spectra Estimation from finite duration Observations of signals: Energy Density Spectrum,
Autocorrelation and power spectrum of Random signals: The Periodogram; Use of DFT in Power Spectrum Estimation;
Nonparametric methods: Bartlett Method, The Welch Method, Blackman & Tukey method, Performance characteristics of
Nonparametric power spectrum estimators, Computational Requirements of Nonparametric Power Spectrum Estimates.
Parametric methods:Relationship between Autocorrelation and the Model parameters, Yule-Walker method for AR Model
Parameters, Burg method for AR model parameters, Unconstrained Least Squares method for AR model parameters, Sequential
Estimation methods for the AR Model parameters, AR Model order selection, MA model for Power Spectrum Estimation, ARMA
Model for Power spectrum Estimation.
UNIT IV
Finite word length effects and DSP applications:
Finite word length effects in Digital Filters: Number Representation Systems: Binary, Fixed Point Arithmetic, Floating Point
Arithmetic, Number Quantization, Error due to coefficient Quantization, Low Sensitive Realizations, Quantization of product, Signal
Scaling, Output Round off Noise Minimization, Limit Cycle Oscillations.
Applications of DSP: Applications to Speech Processing: Model of Speech production, Short-Time Spectrum Analysis, Speech
processing system, Homomorphic Processing of speech; Hilbert Transformers, Adaptive Digital Filters: Wiener Filter, Newton
Algorithm, Steepest Descent Algorithm, Least Mean Square Algorithm, Recursive Filters, Applications of Adaptive Filters.

Course Outcomes: students will be able to understand the random signal processing. They will know why it is not possible to
obtain true PDS for random signals. They can compare different methods used for PDS estimation. They will understand the reason
and consequences of finite word length effects and how to minimize it for particular applications. Adaptive filters and other advanced
signal processing tools will be understandable by the students after this advanced course

Text Books:
1. J. G. Proakis, D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Principles, Algorithms, & Applications, Prentice Hall India.
2. L. R. Rabiner & B. Gold, Theory and Application of Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall India.
Reference Books:
3. Andreas Antoniou, Digital Signal Processing, Signals, Systems, and Filters, Tata McGraw Hill\
4. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, J. R. Buck, Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice Hall India.
5. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall India.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit
MTEC-503-B INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION THEORY
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To make students able to use concepts of ICT. Introduce them with practical aspects of information theory. To
make them aware about field algebra and advanced coding techniques used in systems. To provide concepts related to modulation
and coding tradeoffs. Estimation and Hypothesis Testingare introduced for practical aspects. Performance of codes and Properties
of Estimators and filteringare covered to a great extent.

UNIT I
Field Algebra: Introduction, Binary operations, Groups, Characteristics of the field, Binary field arithmetic, Galois field, vector
spaces, matrices.
Block Codes: Linear block codes, The Generator & parity check matrices, Syndrome decoding, Hamming codes, BCH codes, Reed
Solomon codes, Justeen codes, MDS code, Reed Muller Code.

UNIT II
Channel Coding: Waveform Coding, types of error control, structured sequences, error detecting and correcting capability,
usefulness of standard array, cyclic codes, interleaving and concatenated codes, coding and interleaving applied to the compact
disc, turbo codes.
Source Coding: Sources, amplitude quantizing, adaptive prediction, transform coding, source coding for digital data, examples of
source coding.

UNIT III
Modulation and coding tradeoffs :Goals of communication system designer, error probability plane, Nyquist minimum bandwidth,
Shannon Hartley capacity theorem, bandwidth efficiency plane, modulation and coding tradeoffs, designing and evaluating digital
communication systems, bandwidth efficient modulation, modulation and coding for band limited channels, trellis coded modulation
Performance of codes: Performance of linear block codes & convolution codes, Bounds on code performance, Bounds on error
performance.

UNIT IV
Estimation and Hypothesis Testing: Time and Ensemble Averages, Covariance and Correction Functions. Simple binary
hypothesis tests, Decision Criteria, Neyman Pearson tests, Bayes Criteria, Multiple Hypothesis testing, Composite hypothesis
testing, Asymptotic Error rate of LRT for simple hypothesis testing.
Properties of Estimators and filtering: Unbiasedness, efficiency, C-R bound, asymptotic properties,Wiener filter, Kalman filter.

Course Outcomes: students will be able to understand the field algeba. They will know the significance ofblock codes. They can
compare different methods used channel coding and source coding. They will understand the concept of modulation and coding
tradeoffs for evaluation of the system .Also aware of finding out the performance of codesfor any specific application.Different
methods for doing the estimation will be understandable by the students and able to understand the hypothesis testing after this
advanced course.

Text Books:
1. Bernard Skylark &Pabitra Kumar Ray, Digital communications Fundamentals and Applications, Pearson
2. J. Das., S.K. Mullik& P.K. Chatterjee, Principles of digitals communication, New Age International Publishers
3. Papoulis, Athanasios, Probability Random Variables and Stochastic Processes, McGraw-Hill (2008).
4. Taub Schilling, Principles of Communication Systems
5. Harry L Vantrees, Detection ,Estimation and modulation Theory A Willey Interscience Publication

Reference Books:
1. Statistical Signal Processing Detection, Estimation and Time-Series Analysis, Louis L. Scharf, Addison-Wesley 1991,
ISBN 0-201-19038-9.
2. Probability, Random Processes, & Estimation Theory for Engineers, 3rd Edition, H. Stark & J. W. Woods, 2002.
3. An Introduction to Signal Detection and Estimation, Vincent Poor, 2nd ed., 1991
4. L. Scharf, Statistical Signal Processing - Detection, Estimation and Time Series Analysis, Addison-Wesley, 1991.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-505-B DIGITAL VLSI DESIGN
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives:

Understand and Experience VLSI Design Flow . Learn Transistor-Level CMOS Logic Design. Understand VLSI Fabrication and
Experience CMOS Physical Design.Learn to Analyze Gate Function and Timing Characteristics. StudyHigh-Level Digital Functional
Blocks. Visualize CMOS Digital Chip Design.

UNIT I
Introduction: VLSI Design flow, Design hierarchy, VLSI design style, computer - Aided Design Technology, Basic principle of MOS
transistor, Introduction to large signal MOS models for digital design, geometric scaling theory, small device models and effects.
The MOS Inverter: Inverter principle, Depletion and enhancement load inverters, the basic CMOS inverter, transfer characteristics,
logic threshold, Noise margins, and Dynamic behavior, Latch-up, Propagation Delay and Power Consumption.

UNIT II
Symbolic and Physical Layout Systems: MOS Layers Stick/Layout Diagrams, Layout Design Rules, Transistor layout, Inverter
layout, CMOS digital circuit layout Issues of Scaling, Scaling factor for device parameters.
Performance Estimation: Resistance Estimation, Capacitance Estimation, Inductance Estimation, Switching characteristics,
CMOS-gate transistor Sizing,

UNIT III
Combinational Logic Structures: CMOS Logic Families - static, dynamic and differential logic families, CMOS Complimentary
logic, Pseudo NMOS logic, Dynamic CMOS logic, CMOS Domino logic, Clocked CMOS logic, pass Transistor logic, transmission
gates logic circuits, complimentary switch logic.
Sequential Logic Design: SR latches, Flip flops: JK, D, Master- Slave & Edge triggered. Registers, CMOS Schmitt trigger.

UNIT IV
Subsystem Design: Design of an ALU Subsystem: design 4-bit simple and carry look ahead adder, multiplier design: serial-parallel
multiplier, Braun Array, Wallace tree Multiplier, Design of 4-bit Shifter.
Low Power CMOS Logic: overview of power consumption, Low power design: Voltage Scaling, optimization of switching activity

Course Outcomes: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
Demonstrate a clear understanding of important concepts in CMOS technology and fabrication that affect design.Design a gate of
any given arbitrary logic function at the transistor-level.Layout a gate in CMOS VLSI technology.Size the gates of the given VLSI
layout to minimize the delay.Design a network of complex gates with the ideal number of stages which computes the function with
minimum delay.Apply two-level and multi-level logic minimization techniques to the given Boolean logic function.

Text Books:
1. J. M. Rabaey, A. P. Chandrakasan and B. Nikolic, Digital Integrated Circuits Second Edition, PH/Pearson, 2003.
2. D. A. Pucknell and K. Eshraghian, Basic VLSI Design, Third Edition, PHI, 1994.
3. S. M. Kang and Y. Leblebici, CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits : Analysis and Design, Third Edition, MH, 2002
Reference Books:
1. W. Wolf, Modern VLSI Design: System on Chip, Third Edition, PH/Pearson, 2002.
2. N. Weste, K. Eshraghian and M. J. S. Smith, Principles of CMOS VLSI Design Pearson, 2001.
3. John P.Uyemura, CMOS Logic Circuit Design

NOTE:In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the
entire syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-507-B ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS & APPLICATIONS
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: This course is intended to keep the student abreast of the hardware & software details of microprocessors.
This course introduces the primitive microprocessor, i.e., Intel 8086, and then all the processor of X86 family microprocessors
including Pentium. This course also opens the door for making strides into the peripheral chips and designing of applications based
on Pentium processor.

UNIT I
DESIGN OF MICROPROCESSOR: Design of basic microprocessor architectural Concepts: Microprocessor architecture, word
Lengths, addressable memory, and Microprocessors speed architectural characteristics, registers, instruction, memory addressing
architecture, ALU, GPR's Control logic & internal data bus.
MICROPROCESSOR INSTRUCTIONS & COMMUNICATION: Instruction Set, Mnemonics, Basic Instruction Types, Addressing
modes, Microprocessor I/O connecting I/O put to Microprocessor, Polling and Interrupts, Interrupt and DM. Controllers.

UNIT II
ADVANCED MICROPROCESSOR: Advanced microprocessors: Intel X86 family of advanced Microprocessor, programming model
of 86 families, X86 addressing modes, instruction set, hardware.
HIGH PERFORMANCE CISC ARCHITECTURE (PENTIUM): The software model, functional description, CPU pin descriptions,
RISC concepts, bus operations, super scalar architecture, pipe-lining, Branch prediction.

UNITIII
PENTIUM PROCESSOR: The instruction and caches, Floating point unit, protected mode operation, Segmentation, paging,
multitasking, Exception and interrupts, Input / Output, Virtual 8086 model, Interrupt processing,
INSTRUCTIONS & PROGRAMMING WITH PENTIUM PROCESSOR: Instruction types, Addressing modes, Processor flags,
Instruction set, Basic programming the Pentium Processor.

UNIT IV
PENTIUM PROCESSOR I/O: Data Communication, parallel I/O serial communication, Serial interface and UART modems, I/O
devices, D/A, A/D interface, special I/O devices.
DEVELOPING PENTIUM PROCESSOR BASED APPLICATIONS: Introduction to the Design Process, Preparing the specifications,
Developing a design, Implementing and Testing and design, Regulatory Compliance Testing, design tool for Development.

Course Outcomes: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of architecture and programming of X86 family
microprocessors. Moreover, students will also have a first-hand exposure of designing of applications based on Pentium processor.

Text and Reference Books:


1. The Intel Microprocessors 8086- Pentium Processor, Brey, 4th Edition, 2005.
2. Microprocessors and Interfacing, D.V. Hall, TMH, 2nd Edition, 2006.
3. Microcomputer Systems: The 8086/8088 Family: Architecture, Programming and Design, Liu Yu-Chang and Gibson
Glenn A., PHI, 2003.
4. Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals Architectutes, Programming and Interfacing, Ray A.K. and Bhurchandi,
TMH, 2002.
5. Microprocessor based system design UBS, Rafiquzzman, Wiley-Interscience, 5th Edition, 2005.
6. The X86 PC: Assembly Language, Design and Interfacing, M.A. Mazidi, J.P. Mazidi and Danny Causey, Peason, 5th
Edition, 2011.
7. The X86 Microprocessor(Architecture, Programming and Interfacing), L.B. Das, Pearson, 2010.
8. Advanced Microprocessor, Daniel Tabak, TMH, 2nd Edition, 2012.
9. Fundamentals of Microprocessor and Microcomputers, B.Ram, Dhanpat Rai Publications, 5th Edition, 2008.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-509-B OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.
Course Objectives: The prime objective is to provide training to the students for realizing the importance of optimization. It is
important to understand the system modeling. It is desirable to cover all the aspects related to problem in the designed model.
There are various ways to model different systems in different environments which are to be known. Various Soft skills for simulation
and optimization are to be studied and implemented.
UNIT I
Introduction: Operation Research Models, OR Model, Queuing & Simulation Models, Two Variable LP Model, Graphical LP
solution, Computer Solution with solver & AMPL, Linear Programming Applications.
Sensitivity & Post Optimal Analysis: LP Model in Equation Form, Algebraic Solution, Simplex Method, Artificial Starting Solution,
Sensitivity Analysis, Dual Problem, Primal-Dual Relationships, Economic Interpretation of Duality, Additional Simplex Algorithms,
Post Optimal Analysis.

UNIT II
Models: Transportation Models and its variants, Transportation Algorithms, Assignment Models, Shortest Route Problem and its
Algorithms, Maximal Flow Model, CPM & PERT.
Programming: Simplex Method Fundamentals, Bounded Variables Algorithms, Parametric Linear Programming, Goal
Programming Algorithms, Integer Linear Programming & Algorithms, Heuristic Programming, Greedy Heuristics, Meta Heuristics,
TSP Algorithms(B&B, Cutting Plain, Nearest Neighbour, Reversal Heuristic, Tabu, Simulated Annealing, Genetic), Deterministic &
Dynamic Programming.

UNIT III
Markov Chains: Continuous Review Models, Single & Multi Period Models, Absolute & n-step Transition Probabilities, State in
Markov Chain, First Passage Time, Analysis of Absorbing States.
Queuing Models: Elements of Queuing Model, Role of Exponential Distribution, Pure Birth & Death Model, Specialized Poisson
Queues, P-K Formula, Queuing Decision Models.

UNIT IV
Simulation Modeling: Monte Carlo Simulation, Type of Simulations, Unconstrained Problems, Constrained Problems, Direct
Search Method, Gradient Method, Separable, Quadratic, Chance-Constrained Linear Combinations & SUMT Programming
Algorithms.

Course Outcomes: Students are able to contribute in solving different research problem. Further they are able to design their
problems for M.Tech as well as Ph.D on their own. They are able to decide the method, ways and means to be used for the
research methodology. Use of different simulation techniques and soft skills on the existing and bench mark problems for
authenticating them or suggesting new solution in addition to the existing solutions will add value to the research.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Operation Research By Taha Pearson
2. Probability & Statistics with Reliability, Queuing & Computer Serine Application- Kishor S. Trivedi Willey
3. Mathematical Modeling Principles & Applications:- CENGAGE Learning, Frank R. Giordano, William P. Fox.
4. Operation Research, K.Rajagopal PHI
5. Operation Research Algorithms and Applications by Rathindra P.Sen, PHI

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-531-B DIGITAL VLSI DESIGN LAB
L T P Credits Class Work : 20 Marks
- - 3 3 Exams : 30 Marks
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives: To educate students with knowledge of MOS transistor with their design, operation, characterization, design of
combinational logic circuits, sequential logic circuits and dynamic logic circuits practically by which they can be able to design digital
circuits, Layout of Basic gates in CMOS VLSI technology. Design Basics circuit of digital electronics in CMOS Technology,
optimized it and simulated its transient, AC and DC analysis.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

1. Design a CMOS inverter in schematic and simulate for Transient Characteristics.


2. Design a CMOS two input NAND gate, Two input NOR gate, Two input AND gate and Two input OR gate in schematic and
simulate for Transient Characteristics.
3. Design the layout of a CMOS Inverter and simulate for DC (Transfer) and Transient characteristics.
4. Design the layout for two inputs NAND gate, two input OR gate, two input AND gate and two input NOR gate and simulate for
DC (Transfer) and Transient characteristics.
5. Realized a two input EXOR gate in schematic, draw its layout and simulate for DC (Transfer) and Transient characteristics.
6. To realize a 1 bit full adder in CMOS schematic, design its layout using tool option and simulate for Transient Characteristics.
7. To realize a Boolean expression Y=Not ((A+B)(C+D)E) in schematic, draw its layout and simulate for Transient
Characteristics..
8. To realize a 4 X 1 MUX using transmission gates in schematic and simulate for Transient Characteristics..
9. To Realize JK FLIPFLOP in CMOS schematic, design its layout and simulate for Transient Characteristics.
10. To Realize D FLIPFLOP and T FLIPFLOP in CMOS schematic, design its layout and simulate for Transient Characteristics.
11. To realize a four bit asynchronous counter using T flip-flop as a cell in schematic and simulate for Transient Characteristics.
12. To realize a four bit shift register using D flip-flop as a cell in schematic and simulate for Transient Characteristics.
Course Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:
Understand the basic of digital VLSI Design.Can understand the schematic designing of Digital circuits and analysis these for AC
,DC, and Transient. Design a gate of any given arbitrary logic function at the transistor-level. Can design the Layout a Basics gates
in CMOS VLSI technology.

NOTE:
7 experiments are to be performed from the above list. Remaining 3 can be performed depending upon the infrastructure available
and MTEC-505-B contents.
MTEC-537-B ADVANCED MICROPROCESSORS & APPLICATIONS LAB
L T P Credits Class Work : 20 Marks
- - 3 3 Exams : 30 Marks
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives: The course is intended to give the student exposure of 8086 kit and the peripherals available on it. It also
gives details of the programming based on 8086 by writing the program in assembly language and implementation on the kit .

(A few experiments may be designed & included in this list depending upon the infrastructure available in the institute)

1. To study the architecture of Microprocessor 8086 Kit


2. Write an ALP to convert a hexadecimal No. to decimal No. in single step execution (DEBUG)
3. Write an ALP to enter a word from keyboard and to display
4. Write an ALP for addition of two one digit Numbers.
5. Write an ALP to display a string
6. Write an ALP reverse a string
7. Write an ALP to check whether the No. is Palindrome
8. To study the MIcrocontroller Kit
9. Write an ALP to generate 10 KHz frequency square wave
10. Write an ALP to generate 10 KHz & 100KHz frequency using interrupt
11. Write an ALP to interface intelligent LCD display
12. Write an ALP to interface intelligent LED display
13. Write an ALP to Switch ON alarm when Microcontroller receive interrupt
14. Write an ALP to interface one microcontroller with other using serial / parallel communication.

Course Outcomes: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of assembly language programming exposure of 8086
microprocessor and implementation on kit.

NOTE:
7 experiments are to be performed from the above list. Remaining 3 can be performed depending upon the infrastructure available
and MTEC-507-B contents.
MTEC-502-B ADVANCED ELECTRONICS INSTRUMENTATION
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To make students able to understand the fundamentals of advanced instrumentation system. To make them
aware to understand and to analysis the performance characteristics of transducers/sensors and their applications. To provide
students with good depth of knowledge of electronic equipment, and to provide good depth knowledge of recent trends in intelligent
instrumentation technology. They can study the applications of SCADA in industrial applications. They learn the basic of
programming concepts in LabVIEW.

UNIT I

Sensors for transducers: Potentiometers, Differential Transformers, Resistance Strain Gauges, Capacitance Sensors, Eddy
current sensors, Piezoelectric, photoelectric, RTD, Thermocouple Sensors.
Digital instruments: A/D & D/A converters & their types, Data loggers, significance of 3 1/2 & 41/2 digit, automation in digital
instruments, DMM, Digital frequency meter, universal counter & their applications.

Unit II
Oscilloscopes & Signal Analyzers: Digital Storage oscilloscope & its features like Roll, Refresh & sampling rate, Application of
DSO in communication, Sampling Oscilloscope, current trends in oscilloscope technology, Wave Analyzer & its Applications, FET
analyzers & network analyzers: their applications.
Current trends in Digital Instrumentation: Introduction to special function Add on cards, Computer Aided Software Engineering
(CASE) Tool & its use in designing & development of Automated Measuring Systems, interfacing IEEE cards, Intelligent &
Programmable Instruments using computers.

UNIT III
Introduction to SCADA & PLC: Data acquisition system, evaluation of SCADA, communication technologies, monitoring and
supervisory functions, Block diagram of PLC, programming languages, Ladder diagram, Functional block diagram, Applications,
Interfacing of PLC with SCADA.
SCADA system components & Architecture: Schemes, Remote Terminal Unit, Intelligent Electronic Devices, Communication
Network, SCADA server. Various SCADA Architectures: advantages and disadvantages of each system.

UNIT IV
PLC Programming: Instructions, operational procedures, PLC Registers: Characteristics of Registers, module addressing, holding
registers, input registers, output registers. PLC Functions: Timer functions and Industrial applications, counters, counter function &
industrial applications, Arithmetic functions, Number comparison functions, number conversion functions.
Virtual Instrumentation: Advantages, Block diagram & architecture of Virtual Instruments, Data Flow Techniques, graphical
programming in data flow, development of virtual instruments using GUI, Real Time Systems.

Course Outcomes: After successful completion of the course, student will be able to develop ability to understand and analysis
intelligent instrumentation systems. They will be able to develop ability to develop real time applications using LabVIEW. They will
be able to develop ability to apply the knowledge and skill gained to research and industrial uses.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Digital instrumentation, By Bouwens,A.J., MGH
2. Measuring systems-Application & Design, By Doebelin, MGH
3. Electronic measurements & instrumentation, by B. M. Oliver & J. M. Cage. MGH
4. SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition, by Stuart A Boyer
5. Programmable Logic Controllers Programming Method and Applications by JR. Hackworth and F.D Hackworth Jr.
Pearson, 2004.
NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-504-B ADVANCE OPTICAL COMMUNICATION

L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks


4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.
Course Objectives:
To understand the fundamental behaviour of the individual optical components, describes their interactions with other devices in an
optical fiber. To study the basic components of Optical fiber Communication systems. To understand the operational principle of
WDM, SONET, ATM, DWDM. To understand different optical fiber based systems and networks based on power budget analysis.

UNIT I
Introduction to optical fiber: Introduction to ray theory, theory of optical wave propagation ,optical fiber attenuation ,optical fiber
absorption ,scattering and band losses ,classification of optical fiber ,dispersion, dispersion shifted fiber ,dispersion modified fibers,
dispersion compensated fibers, optical fiber non linear effects.
Optical amplifier: Types of optical amplifier, Raman optical amplifiers, semiconductor optical amplifier, Erbium doped fiber
amplifier, application:155Mb/s sonnet/OC3-stm transducer amplifier.

UNIT II
Optical transmitter and receiver: Introduction to multiplexer,32:1 2.488Gb/s multiplexer with clock generator (VSC 8131) external
modulated laser diode , the effect of noise and power supply noise rejection ,10Gb /s DWDM optical transmitter
Introduction , Data pattern ,photo detector diodes, classification of optical receiver, optical receiver performance characteristics,
Optical transreceivers: Introduction ,LED transreceivers, LASER diode Trans receiver, design guide lines for optical channel
transreceivers , high speed optical channel transreceivers.

UNIT III
Optical modulation: Introduction, The mach zander interferometer ,The mech zander (LINBO3)Optical modulator The MZLIBNO,
design process, modulator drivers ,DSB laser diode with PMFs for external modulator.
Multiplexing : Introduction ,WDM, future optical devices for DWDM schemes, DWDM multiplexing AWG multiplexer/demultiplexer
for DWDM system add/drop multiplexer/demultiplexers,2.5 Gb/s 16:1 multiplexer.

UNIT IV
Optical system: Introduction ,optical power budget analysis ,10Mb/ soptical link designs for industrial applications, optical fiber link
design, dispersion effect ,wave polarization effect in optical systems under sea optical system, soliton transmission.
Network: Introduction ,optical networks review of data communication links ,networks , network transport architecture ,LAN
standards fiber channel asynchronous transfer mode , synchronous transfer mode.

Course Outcome: By the end of the course, the students shall be able to:
Describe and Analyse the optical fiber based systems. Identify and Design optical fiber based networks.

Text Books:
1. Horal Kolimbris fiber optical communication Pearson

Reference Books:
1. John Gowar, Optical Communication Systems, PHI
2. Gerd Keiser, Optical Fiber Communication, TMH

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-506-B DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.
Course Objectives: This particular course covers fundamental as well as advanced topics of digital image processing. To make students aware of
Image representation, storage, enhancement, restoration, compression, segmentation and other image processing techniques.

UNIT I
Review of Digital Image Processing (DIP) Fundamentals and Filtering :Review of DIP basics and systems, sampling and Quantization,
Representation of digital images, spatial and Gray-level resolution, Relationships between pixels: neighbours of pixel, Adjacency, connectivity,
regions, and boundaries, distance measures, Image operations on a pixel basis.

Intensity Transformations and Spatial Filtering: Intensity Transformation Functions: Image negatives, log transformations, Power-Law (Gamma)
transformations, piecewise Linear Transformation functions; Histogram Processing: Histogram Equalization, Histogram Matching (Specifications),
Local Histogram Processing, Using Histogram Statistics for Image Enhancement, spatial filtering: Spatial Correlation and Convolution, Vector
Representation of Linear filtering, Generating Spatial Filter Masks, Smoothing Spatial Filters: Smoothing Linear Filters, Order Statistics (Nonlinear)
Filters; Sharpening Spatial Filters: Using the second derivative for Image Sharpening-The Laplacian; Unsharp Masking and Highboost Filtering.

UNIT II
Image Filtering in Frequency Domain,Wavelets and MultiResolution Processing
Filtering in Frequency Domain: Relationship between the sampling and Frequency intervals, 2-D Impulse and shifting Properties, 2-D Sampling &
2-D Sampling Theorem, Aliasing in Images, 2-D Discrete-Fourier Transform and its Inverse, Properties of 2-D DFT, Additional Characteristics &
Filtering Fundamentals in the frequency domain, correspondence between filtering in the spatial and frequency domains; Smoothing frequency
domain filters: Ideal Lowpass Filters, Butterworth Lowpass Filters, Gaussian Lowpass Filters; sharpening frequency domain filters: Ideal Highpass
Filters, Butterworth Highpass Filters, Gaussian Highpass Filters, Lapalacian in Frequency Domain; Unsharp Masking, Highboost Filtering, and High
Frequency Emphasis Filtering, Homomorphic filtering, Implementation of DFT: computing 2-D DFT using 1-D DFT Algorithm, Computing IDFT using
DFT Algorithm.
Wavelets and MultiResolution Processing: Introduction, Multiresolution Expansions, Wavelet Transforms in One Dimension: Wavelet Series
Expansion, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Continuous wavelet transform, The Fast Wavelet Transform, Wavelet Transforms in two Dimensions,
Wavelet Packets.
UNIT III
Image Restoration and Reconstruction
Restoration in presence of Noise only: A model of the image degradation/ restoration process, Noise models: Spatial and frequency properties of
noise, some important noise probability density functions, Periodic Noise, Estimation of Noise Parameters; Restoration in the presence of noise only
spatial filtering: Mean Filters, Order Statistic Filters, Adaptive Filters; Periodic noise reduction by frequency domain filtering: Bandreject Filters,
Bandpass Filters, Notch Filters
Restoration in presence of Degradations: Linear, Position Invariant Degradations, Estimating the Degradation Function: Estimation by Image
Observation, Estimation by Experimentation, Estimation by Modeling; Inverse Filtering, Minimum Mean Square Error (Wiener) Filtering
UNIT IV
Image Compression & Segmentation
Image Compression: Fundamentals: Coding Redundancy, Spatial and Temporal Redundancy, Irrelevant Information, measuring Image
Information, Fidelity Criteria, Image Formats, Containers, and Compression Standards; Basic Compression Methods: Huffman Coding, Arithmatic
Coding, LZW Coding, Run length Coding, Symbol Based Coding, Bit Plane Coding, Block Transform Coding, Predictive Coding, Wavelet Coding,
Digital Image Watermarking.
Image Segmentation: Detection of Discontinuities: Point, Line, and Edge detection, Boundary detection, Thresholding: Role of Illumination, basic
global thresholding, Optimum global thresholding using Otsus method, Using Image Smoothing to improve global thresholding, Using Edges to
improve global thresholding, Multiple thresholds, Variable Thresholding, Multivariable Thresholding, Regional Based segmentation: Region
growing, region splitting and merging, Segmentation Using Morphological Watersheds: Background, Dam Construction, Watershed Segmentation
Algorithm, Use of Markers, use of motion in segmentation: Spatial Techniques, Frequency Domain Techniques.

Course Outcomes: students will understand image representation and how one can process image for different applications. Students will be able
to choose particular processing techniques based on application requirement. They will be able to interpret results and image deformations
meaningfully.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Rafael C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Pearson
2. Anil K Jain, Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, PHI Edition 1997.
3. Keenneth R Castleman, " Digital Image Processing, Pearson
4. Chanda & Majumder, Digital Image Processing & Analysis, PHI
5. M. K. Pakhira, Digital Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, PHI.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-534-B ADVANCED OPTICAL COMMUNICATION LAB
L T P Credits Class Work : 20 Marks
- - 3 3 Exams : 30 Marks
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives After completing this course, the students should be able to:
Align light waves into small optical components with high precision Use hardware/software design tools to develop modern fiber
based communication systems. Calculate and simulate the attenuation and signal degradation dispersion. Calculate power coupling
losses due to connectors, splices, source output pattern and NA.Understand, compute and simulate the modes in step index fiber
and graded index fiber.

(A few experiments may be designed & included in this list depending upon the infrastructure available in the institute)

1. Study of optical devices.


2. Study of fiber optical detector.
3. Study of fiber optical transmitters
4. Determination of numerical aperture of optical fiber
5. Study of characteristics of LED.
6. Study of characteristics of LASER diode.
7. Setting a fiber optic analog link.
8. Setting a fiber optic digital link.
9. Study of modulation demodulation of light source by direct amplitude modulation techniques.
10. Forming a PC to PC communication link using optical fiber & RS 232.
11. Setting up a fiber optic voice link.
12. Study of modulation & Demodulation of light source by PPM technique.
13. Study of modulation & Demodulation of light source by PWM technique.
14. Study of Propagation loss & sending loss in optical fiber.

Course Outcomes: By the end of the course, the students shall be able to:
Understand the reliability issues of the various optical devices (connectors, SOA and splices) .Design, implement and test WDM
communication system using its basic components Participate in team projects including design, inspection and optimization.
Compete in the engineering job market and/or be admitted to Ph. D. programme.

NOTE:
7 experiments are to be performed from the above list. Remaining 3 can be performed depending upon the infrastructure available
and MTEC-504-B contents.
MTEC-536-B ADVANCED IMAGE PROCESSING LAB
L T P Credits Class Work : 20 Marks
- - 3 3 Exams : 30 Marks
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives: To make students ready to implement various image processing techniques, which they have studied during
DIP course. Students should be able to practically process the image for different application requirements and visualize the result.
Based on requirement, students will be able to intuitively think the required technique for best results. They will learn to load and see
the images in MATLAB. They will learn to write program as well as simulate the particular technique.

(A few experiments may be designed & included in this list depending upon the infrastructure available in the institute)

1. Take a hand written document, Perform pre-processing and try to segment into characters
2. Take an image, design fuzzy rules for content based image retrieval.
3. Take an image, design a neural network for content based image retrieval.
4. Write a program for image enhancement
5. Write a program for image compression
6. Write a program for color image processing
7. Write a program for image segmentation
8. Write a program for image morphology
9. Write a program for Image Restoration
10 Write a program for Edge detection
11. Write a program for Blurring 8 bit color versus monochrome

Course Outcomes: students will become ready for research in image processing. They can implement various image processing
algorithms using MATLAB. Further they can intuitively apply their mind to modify/change algorithms as per requirement of
applications.

NOTE:
7 experiments are to be performed from the above list. Remaining 3 can be performed depending upon the infrastructure available
and MTEC-506-B contents.
MTEC-508-B ANALOG VLSI DESIGN
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To develop the ability design and analyze MOS based Analog VLSI circuits to draw the equivalent circuits of
MOS based Analog VLSI and analyze their performance.To develop the skills to design analog VLSI circuits for a given
specification.To deals with Basic theory of Analog Circuits, Design principles and techniques for analog ICs blocks implemented in
CMOS technologyTo learn about Device Modeling- Various types of analog systems- CMOS amplifiers and Comparators.

UNIT I
CMOS Models: Simple MOS large-signal model : Strong inversion, Weak inversion. Capacitance model, Small-signal MOS model,
SPICE Level-3 model.
CMOS Sub circuits: MOS Switch, MOS Diode, MOS Active Resistors, CMOS Regulated Cascade current source, Cascade current
sink .
UNIT II
Current Mirrors: Passive and active current mirrors, Simple current mirror, Cascode current Mirror, Widlar current mirror, Wilson
Current Mirror
CMOS Amplifier: Single transistor Amplifiers stages: Common Drain, Common Gate & Common Source Amplifiers resistive load,
diode connected load, current source load, triode load, source degeneration, Simple Inverting Amplifier, Differential Amplifiers,
Gilbert Cell, Cascade Amplifier, source follower, cascode amplifiers, Output Amplifiers

UNIT III
Operational Amplifier: Applications of operational Amplifier, theory and Design; Definition of Performance Characteristics; Design
of two stage MOS Operational Amplifier, gain boosting, two stage MOS operational Amplifier with cascades, MOS Folded-cascade
operational amplifiers, noise in op-amps, op-amp stability and frequency compensation.
Comparators: Comparators Models and Performance, Development of a CMOS Comparator, Design of a Two-Stage CMOS
Comparator, Other Types of Comparators.
UNIT IV
Nonlinear Analog Circuits:
Voltage controlled oscillator, Comparators, Source Follower Phase Locked Techniques; Phase Locked Loops (PLL), Digital-to-
Analog (D/A) and Analog-to-Digital (A/D) Converters.
OTA & Switched Capacitor filters:
OTA Amplifiers, Sampling Switches, Switched Capacitor Circuits and Switched Capacitor Filters OTA

Course Outcomes: At the completion of this course, each student will have demonstrated proficiency in Designing CMOS analog
circuits to achieve performance specifications; working as a team to design, implement, and document a analog integrated circuit.
Ability to analyze, design and evaluate microelectronic integrated circuits, Understand design and operation of basic analog circuits,
analysis of switched capacitor circuits, analysis basic data conversion algorithms and circuits.

Text Books:
1. Paul B Gray and Robert G Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits.
2. Allen and Holberg CMOS Analog Circuit Design

Reference Books
1. D. A. Johns and Martin, Analog Integrated Circuit Design, John Wiley, 1997.
2. Gregorian and G C Temes, Analog MOS Integrated Circuits for Signal Processing, John Wiley, 1986.
3. R L Geiger, P E Allen and N R Strader, VLSI Design Techniques for Analog & Digital Circuits, McGraw Hill, 1990.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-510-B MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATION
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: The objectives of a multimedia system is to send information, educate the public and provide entertainment.Multimedia includes
television, radio, newspapers and online news sources.Multimedia will help to improve computer penetration in various spheres of life. In the
present scenario, Multimedia and web design technology play an important role in the field of education, agriculture, product launch,
science and technology, corporate development and enhanced business opportunities. With the increasing variety and range of hardware
and software used for Multimedia and Web-Site Design, the demand for the manpower in these fields has escalated. This training
program has been envisaged with an objective to develop specialized manpower required for these activities.
UNIT I
Multimedia & Information Representation
Multimedia Introduction: multimedia networks, Telephone networks, Data netwoks, Broadcast television networks, Integrated services digital
networks, Broadband multiservice networks, types of Multimedia Applications: Movie on Demand, Near Movie on Demand, communication modes,
multipoint conferencing, network QOS, Application QOS.
Multimedia Information Representation: Digitization principles, Encoder Design, Decoder Design, Unformatted Text, Formatted Text, Hypertext,
Images: Graphics, Digitized documents, Digitized pictures; Audio: PCM speech, CD-qualty audio, Synthesized audio; Video: Broadcast television,
Digital vedio, PC vedio, vedio content.
UNIT II
Text and Image Compression
Compression Principles & Text Compression: Compression Principles: Source encoders and Destination decoders, Lossless and lossy
compression, Entropy encoding, Source encoding; Text Compression: Static Huffman coding, Dynamic Huffman Coding, Arithmatic Coding.
Image Compression: Graphics Interchange Format, Tagged image file format, digitized documents, digitized pictures.
UNIT III
Audio and Video compression: Audio Compression: Differential Pulse Code Modulation, Adaptive Differential PCM, Adaptive predictive coding,
Linear Predictive coding, Code excited LPC, Perceptual Coding, MPEG Audio coders, Dolby audio coders
Video compression: video compression principles, Motion Pictures Expert Group (MPEG), MPEG1, MPEG2.
UNIT IV
INTERNET AND DESIGNING FOR THE WORLD WIDE WEB
The internet and multimedia: The internet, Internetworking: Internet addresses, connections, The Bandwidth Bottleneck, Internet services, MIME-
Types, The world wide web and HTML, Dynamic web pages and XML, multimedia on the web, Tools for the World Wide Web: web browsers, web
servers, web page makers and site builders, plug-ins and delivery vehicles.
Designing For The World Wide Web: Developing for the web: HTML is a Markup Language, The Desktop Workspace, The Small Device
Workspace, nibbling, Text for the web: making columns of text, flowing text around images; images for the web: GIF and PNG Images, JPEG
Images, Using Photoshop, Backgrounds, clickable buttons, Client side image maps, sound for the web, animation for the web.

Corse Outcomes: Describe the basic concept of multimedia information representation. Delve into the requirement of multimedia communication in
todays digital world. Describe the different multimedia networks. Compare circuit mode and packet mode.Explain QoS and its applications..Explain
the various multimedia information representations. Describe different multimedia data in digital formats. Compare tex,, audio, image and video
data..Describe data compression principle. Compute Arithmetic, Huffman, Lempel Ziv and LempelZiv Welsh coding. Summarize Joint
Photographic Expert Group (JPEG).Explain fundamentals of audio and video data compression. Summarize audio compression PCM, DPCM,
ADPCM, LPC, CELPC and MPEG. Compare MPEG1, MPEG2 and MPEG4. Describe H.26X compression standards..Explain LANSs. Summarize
LAN protocols. Describe multisite LAN interconnection Technologies.Define the Network Layer and describe its functions. Discuss the format of Ipv4
Addresses. Deploy appropriate addressing for networks. Discuss Ipv6 addresses. Compare Ipv4 and Ipv6 addresses.
Explain cell format and switching principle of broadband ATM networks.
Text Books:
1. Fred Halsall, Multimedia Communications, Pearson
2. Tay Vaughan, Multimedia, making it work Eighth edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Edition
3.
Reference Books
1. Rao, Bojkovic & Milovanovic, Multimedia Comm. System: Techniology , Std. & Network, PHI
2. John F. Koegel Bufod, Multimedia Systems, Addison Wesley, Edition. 2000

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire syllabus. The
student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-512-B STATISTICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To make students mathematically strong that is required for signal processing area. Further, fundamental as
well as advanced signal processing topics such as Classical detection and estimation theory, Statistical Models: Gaussian
Distribution and relatives, Reproducing Distributions, Sample mean and variance, parametric and Linear Estimation, Optimal Linear
Filtering and Prediction, Overview of Spectral Estimation Methods are presented in a systematic way so that students will
understand these.
UNIT I
Background: discrete-time signal processing, linear algebra, Mathematical preliminaries, Random variables & discrete-time random
processes, Wiener filtering and MMSE estimates, Linear predication, Levinson-durbin algorithm and lattice, Classical detection and
estimation theory, Statistical Models: Gaussian Distribution and relatives, Reproducing Distributions, Sample mean and variance,
Fundamental of parametric and Linear Estimation,

UNIT II
Filters: Optimal Linear Filtering and Prediction, Overview of Spectral Estimation Methods. Adaptive Algorithms: 1)-LMS Algorithm,
Convergence Analysis, Adaptive Noise Canceller, Lattice filters, Wiener filtering, Spectrum estimation, Adaptive filtering,
Fundamentals of Detection, Detection Strategies for composite hypothesis,

UNIT III
Least Squares Algorithm: General Weighted Least Squares Methods, Recursive Least Squares Algorithm, Fast Least Squares
Algorithm to AR modeling case

UNIT IV
Introduction to array processing, Composite Hypotheses in the Univariate Gaussian Model, Composite Hypotheses in the
Multivariate Gaussian Model, Statistical Confidence Intervals,

Course Outcomes: students will be ready for research in signal processing. They all will have strong mathematical foundation. For
statistical signal processing they will learn tools and techniques required. They will be ready to understand complex mathematical
signal processing techniques, and apply them.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing, Volume 1: Estimation Theory, Steven M.Kay
2. Discrete Random Signals and Statistical Signal Processing ( Princeton Hall), Charles W.Therrien.
3. Statistical Signal Processing: Detection, Estimation and Time Series Analysis, Louis L.Scharf
4. An Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing, Robert M.Grey, Lee D.Davisson
5. Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling, Monson H. Hayes, John Wiley, 1996

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-514-B DESIGN OF EMBEDDED SYSTEM
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objective : The course is intended to keep the student abreast of design of embedded system. It also gives details of the
embedded system modelling techniques. This course opens the door for the student to make in-roads into embedded system testing
as well.
UNIT I
Embedded Hardware And Software: Embedded system evolution trends, Terminology, Gates, Timing diagram, Memory,
Microprocessor buses, Direct memory access, Interrupts, Built interrupts, Interrupts basis, Shared data problems, Interrupt latency, ,
Interrupt routines in an RTOS environment.
Embedded System Modelling With Hardware/Software Partitioning: Embedded systems, Hardware/Software Co-Design, Co-
Design for System Specification and modelling- Single-processor Architectures & Multi-Processor Architectures, comparison of Co-
Design Approaches, Models of Computation, Requirements for Embedded System Specification, Hardware/Software Partitioning
Problem, Hardware/Software Cost Estimation, Generation of Partitioning by Graphical modelling, Formulation of the HW/SW
scheduling, Optimization.

UNIT II
Hardware/Software Co-Synthesis: The Co-Synthesis Problem, State-Transition Graph, Refinement and Controller Generation,
Distributed System Co-Synthesis.
partitioning decision: Hardware / Software duality, coding Hardware, ASIC revolution, Managing the Risk, Co-verification,
execution environment, memory organization, System start-up, Hardware manipulation, memory mapped access, speed and code
density.
UNIT III
Concurrent Process Models And Hardware Software Co-Design: Modes of operation, Finite state machines, Models, HCFSL
and state charts language, state machine models, Concurrent process model, Concurrent process, Communication among process,
Synchronization among process, Implementation, Data Flow model, Design technology, Automation synthesis, Hardware software
co-simulation, IP cores, Design Process Model.
Interrupt Service Routines: Watch-dog timers, Flash Memory basic toolset, Host based debugging, Remote debugging, ROM
emulators, Logic analyser, Caches, Computer optimisation, Statistical profiling.

UNIT IV
Embedded Design Life Cycle: Product specification, Hardware/Software partitioning, Detailed hardware & software design,
Integration, Product testing, Selection Processes, Microprocessor Vs Micro Controller, Performance tools, Bench marking, RTOS
Micro Controller, RTOS availability, Tool chain availability, Other issues in selection processes.
In-Circuit Emulators & Testing: Buller proof run control, Real time trace, Hardware break points, Overlay memory, Timing
constraints, Usage issues, Triggers, Bug tracking, reduction of risks & costs, Performance, Unit testing, Regression testing,
Choosing test cases, Functional tests, Coverage tests, Testing embedded software, Performance testing, Maintenance.

Course Outcomes: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of embedded system. Moreover, students will also have a
first-hand exposure of embedded system design cycle.

Text and Reference Books:


1. David. E. Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education, 2001.
2. T. Noergaard, Embedded System Architecture, A comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers, Elsevier.
3. Raj Kamal, Embedded Systems- Architecture, Programming and Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
4. F. Vahid & T. Givargis Embedded Systems Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction, John & Wiley Pub.
5. Steve Heath, Embedded System Design, Elsevier, Second Edition, 2004.
6. Ralf Niemann, Hardware/Software Co-Design for Data Flow Dominated Embedded Systems, Kluwer Academic Pub.
7. Jorgen Staunstrup, Wayne Wolf, Hardware/Software Co-Design: Principles and Practice, Kluwer Academic Pub.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-516-B EMBEDDED NETWORKING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objective: The course is intended to keep the student abreast of advanced microcontrollers. It also gives details of the
architecture, programming & application based on AVR & ARM microcontrollers. This course opens the door for the student to make
in-roads into applications based on AVR & ARM microcontroller.

UNIT I
Memory Interfacing: Memory: Memory write ability and storage performance, Memory types, composing memory, Advance RAM
interfacing communication basic.
I/O INTERFACING: Microprocessor interfacing I/O addressing, Interrupts, Direct memory access, Arbitration multilevel bus
architecture, Serial protocol, Parallel protocols, Wireless protocols, Digital camera example.

UNIT II
Embedded Communication Protocols: Serial/Parallel Communication, Serial communication protocols -RS232 standard, RS485,
Synchronous Serial Protocols -Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Inter Integrated Circuits (I2C) PC Parallel port programming -
ISA/PCI Bus protocols Firewire.
USB AND CAN BUS: USB bus Introduction Speed Identification on the bus USB States USB bus communication: Packets
Data flow types Enumeration Descriptors PIC 18 Microcontroller USB Interface C Programs CAN Bus Introduction - Frames
Bit stuffing Types of errors Nominal Bit Timing PIC microcontroller CAN Interface A simple application with CAN.

UNIT III
Ethernet Basics: Elements of a network Inside Ethernet Building a Network: Hardware options Cables, Connections and
network speed Design choices: Selecting components Ethernet Controllers Using the internet in local and internet
communications Inside the Internet protocol.
Embedded Ethernet: Exchanging messages using UDP and TCP Serving web pages with Dynamic Data Serving web pages
that respond to user Input Email for Embedded Systems Using FTP Keeping Devices and Network secure.

UNIT IV
Wireless Embedded Networking: Wireless sensor networks Introduction Applications Network Topology Localization
Time Synchronization - Energy efficient MAC protocols SMAC Energy efficient and robust routing Data Centric routing.

Course Outcomes: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of architecture & assembly language programming
exposure of 8051 and PIC family microcontroller. Moreover, students will also have a first-hand exposure of interfacing various
peripheral devices and develop applications based on microcontrollers.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Frank Vahid, Tony Givargis Embedded Systems Design: A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction, John & Wiley
Publications, 2002
2. Jan Axelson, Parallel Port Complete: Programming, interfacing and using the PCs parallel printer port, Penram
publications, 1996.
3. Dogan Ibrahim, Advanced PIC microcontroller projects in C: from USB to RTOS with the PIC18F series, Elsevier 2008.
4. Jan Axelson Embedded Ethernet and Internet Complete, Penram publications, 2003.
5. Bhaskar Krishnamachari, Networking Wireless Sensors, Cambridge press 2005.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-518-B SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MODELLING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course objective: To familiarize students with the modeling and the physical concepts behind the operation of semiconductor
devices and provide students the insight useful for understanding new semiconductor devices and technologies used in VLSI
systems.
UNIT I
Basic Semiconductor Physics: Energy Bands and Charge Carriers, Band Model, Bond Model, MOS Capacitor, Hall Effect.
MOSFET and Compound Semiconductor FET, MOSFET capacitor, Basic operation, Basic modeling, Advanced MOSFET modeling,
RFmodeling of MOS transistors, Equivalent circuit representation of MOS transistor, High frequency behavior of MOS transistor and
A.C small signal modeling

UNIT II
Metal Semiconductor Junctions: Equilibrium in Electronic Systems, Ideal metal semiconductor junctions, Schottky Barriers, Mott
barrier, tunnel contacts and ohmic Contacts.
BJT: Bipolar Junction Transistors, model parameter extraction, modeling parasitic BJT, Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors, Ebers-Moll
Model, Hetero Junction Bipolar Transistor
UNIT III
Noise modeling: Noise sources in MOSFET, Flicker noise modeling, Thermal noise modeling, model for accurate distortion
analysis, nonlinearities in CMOS devices and modeling, calculation of distortion in analog CMOS circuits
Other MOSFET models : MOSFET Physical Effects , MOSFET High Field Effects, The EKV model, model features, long channel
drain current model, modeling second order effects of the drain current, modeling of charge storage effects, Non-quasi-static
modeling, noise model temperature effects, MOS model 9, MOSAI model

UNIT IV
Modeling of process variation and quality assurance: Influence of process variation, modeling of device mismatch for Analog/RF
Applications, Benchmark circuits for quality assurance, Automation of the tests.
Recent Developments in Microelectronic Devices.

Course Outcome: After successful completion of course, students will be able to understand and utilize the basic governing
equations to analyze semiconductor devices and implement different models of MOSFET for VLSI circuit.

Text and Reference Books:


1. S. M. Sze, Modern Semiconductor Device Physics, Wiley, 1998.
2. R. S. Muller and T. I. Kaminis, Device Electronics for Integrated Circuits, Second Edition, Wiley, 1986.
3. Trond Ytterdal, Yuhua Cheng and Tor A. FjeldlyWayne Wolf, Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design,
John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
4. Donald A. Neaman, Semiconductor physicsand devices Third Edition, McGraw Hill Pvt Ltd,2007

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-520-B ADVANCE SATELLITE COMMUNICATION
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives:To give the idea and basic knowledge of satellite Communication Systems,to familiarize the students with the
Earth Station Technology i.e design of Earth Station, antennas, Tracking, satellite Packet Communications. To give the idea about
the GPS orbits and satellite position determination and to teach the students about the Very small Aperture Terminal Networks.

UNIT I
Introduction: Keplers Laws of motion, Orbital aspects of Satellite Communications, Look Angle and Orbit determinations, Orbital
effects in communication system Performance, Space craft subsystems, AOCS, TTC&M, Power system, Satellite transponder,
spacecraft Antennas, Satellite Link Design-- System Noise temperature and G/T ratio - Design of downlink, Uplink - Design of
satellite links for specified C/N, Implementation of error Detection on satellite links.
Multiple Access: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, SSMA- comparison of multiple access techniques, Practical Demand Access systems,
Multiple Access With on board processing.

UNIT II
Earth Station Technology: Earth Station Design, Design of Large Antennas, Tracking, Small earth station Antennas, Equipment for
earth station; Satellite Packet Communications- Message transmission by FDMA: The M/G/1 Queue, Message transmission by
TDMA - Pure ALOHA: Satellite packet switching - slotted ALOHA - Packet Reservation - Tree algorithm.
Overview of GPS: Basic concept, system architecture, space segment, user segment, GPS aided Geo-augmented navigation
(GAGAN) architecture. GPS Signals: Signal structure, anti spoofing (AS), selective availability, Difference between GPS and
GALILEO satellite construction.

UNIT III
GPS orbits and satellite position determination : GPS orbital parameters, description of receiver independent exchange format
(RINEX) Observation data and navigation message data parameters, GPS position determination.
GPS Errors : GPS error sources clock error, ionospheric error, tropospheric error, multipath, ionospheric error estimation using
dual frequency GPS receiver.

UNIT IV
Very small Aperture Terminal Networks: VSAT Technologies Network Configurations - Multi access and Networking Network
Error Control Polling VSAT Networks; Mobile Satellite Networks--Operating Environment MSAT Network concept - CDMA MSAT
Network-Statistics of mobile propagation.
Phased Arrays in Radar and Communication Systems: System requirements for radar and communication antennas, Array
characterization for radar and communication systems, Fundamental results from array theory, Array size determination.

Course Outcomes: After reading the course, students will be able to understand the basics of satellite communication systems,
earth Station Technology, GPS, VSAT. Students may utilize their knowledge of the subject for the research and development in
future.

Text Books:
1. T. Pratt and C.W., Bostian Satellite Communications.
2. Tri T. Ha, Digital Satellite Communication (2 ed) 3 Robert J. Mailloux
3. B. Hoffman Wellenhof, H. Liehtenegger and J. Collins, GPS Theory and Practice, Springer Wien, New
York (2001).

Reference Books:
1. James Ba Yen Tsui, Fundamentals of GPS receivers A software approach, John Wiley & Sons (2001).
2. Phased Array Antenna Hand Book , Artech House, Boston, London, 1994. 4.
3. Dr. D.C. Agarwal, Satellite Communications .
NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-522-B MULTIRATE AND WAVELETS SIGNAL ANALYSIS

L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks


4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: 1.This course is aimed to deal with some of the basic concepts, methodologies and tools of signal processing
using time-frequency techniques (wavelets). It presents an overview of filter banks and wavelets, their construction and properties,
as well as some generalizations. To provide the necessary background and proficiency to pursue some of the current research
works in wavelets and to work with current wavelet software packages in their own area of applications.

UNIT I
A Beginning with some practical situations, which call for multiresolution/ multiscale analysis - and how time-frequency analysis and
wavelets arise from them. Examples: Image Compression, Wideband Correlation Processing, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Digital
Communication.
Piecewise constant approximation - the Haar wavelet, Building up the concept of dyadic Multiresolution Analysis (MRA). Relating
dyadic MRA to filter banks, A review of discrete signal processing, Elements of multirate systems and two-band filter bank design for
dyadic wavelets.

UNIT II
Families of wavelets: Orthogonal and biorthogonal wavelets, Daubechies' family of wavelets in detail, Vanishing moments and
regularity, Conjugate Quadrature Filter Banks (CQF) and their design, Dyadic MRA more formally, Data compression - fingerprint
compression standards, JPEG-2000 standards.
The Uncertainty Principle: and its implications: the fundamental issue in this subject - the problem and the challenge that Nature
imposes, The importance of the Gaussian function: the Gabor Transform and its generalization; time, frequency and scale - their
interplay, The Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT), Condition of admissibility and its implications. Application of the CWT in
wideband correlation processing.

UNIT III
Journey from the CWT to the DWT: Discretization in steps, Discretization of scale - generalized filter bank, Discretization of
translation - generalized output sampling, Discretization of time/ space (independent variable) - sampled inputs.
Going from piecewise linear to piecewise polynomial, The class of spline wavelets - a case for infinite impulse response (IIR) filter
banks.

UNIT IV
Variants of the wavelet transform and its implementational structures, The wavepacket transform, Computational efficiency in
realizing filter banks - Polyphase components, The lattice structure, The lifting scheme.
An exploration of applications (this will be a joint effort between the instructor and the class).Examples: Transient analysis;
singularity detection; Biomedical signal processing applications; Geophysical signal analysis applications; Efficient signal design and
realization: wavelet based modulation and demodulation; Applications in mathematical approximation; Applications to the solution of
some differential equations; Applications in computer graphics and computer vision; Relation to the ideas of fractals and fractal
phenomena.

Course Outcomes: Upon completion of this course, students will be able to understand the terminology that are used in the
wavelets literature, explain the concepts, theory, and algorithms behind wavelets from an interdisciplinary perspective that unifies
harmonic analysis (mathematics), filter banks (signal processing), and multiresolution analysis (computer vision). Students will
understand modern signal processing tools using signal spaces, bases, operators and series expansions.

Text and Refrence Books:


1. L. Debnath.. Wavelet Transforms and Their Applications, Birkhauser Pub.
2. E. Mallat.. A Wavelet Tour of Signal Processing, Elsevier, Indian Ed.
3. Yves Meyer.. Wavelets and Operators, Cambridge Univ. Press.
4. G. Kaiser.. A Friendly guide to Wavelets, Birkhauser

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-524-B DSP PROCESSORS
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: The main objectives of this course are to teach & aware students aboutD.S.P. processors, their characteristics
and applications. They will learn about the internal architecture and Memory architecture. Theyll also learn addressing modes and
instruction set of D.S.P. processors and their programming using assembly language. In addition, theyll gain knowledge about
different D.S.P. processors and their interfacing with peripherals.

UNIT I
Introduction To Dsp Processors: Advantages of DSP, characteristics of DSP systems, classes of DSP applications, DSP
processor embodiment and alternatives, Fixed Vs Floating point processors, fixed point and Floating point Data Paths.
DSP Architecture: An introduction to Harvard Architecture, Differentiation between Von-Neumann and Harvard Architecture,
Quantization and finite word length effects, Bus Structure, Central Processing Unit, ALU, Accumulators, Barrel Shifters, MAC unit,
compare, select, and store unit (CSSU), data addressing and program memory addressing

UNIT II
Memory Architecture: Memory structures, features for reducing memory access required, wait states, external memory interfaces,
memory mapping, data memory, program memory and I/O memory, memory mapped registers.
Addressing & Instruction set: Various addressing modes - implied addressing, immediate data addressing, memory direct
addressing, register direct and indirect addressing, and short addressing modes, Instruction types, various types registers,
orthogonality, assembly language and application development.

UNIT III
Execution Control And Pipelining: Hardware looping, interrupts, stacks, pipelining and performance, pipelining depth, interlocking,
branching effects, interrupt effects, instruction pipelining.
PERIPHERALS: Serial ports, timers, parallel ports, bit I/O port, host ports, communication ports, on-chip A/D and D/A converters,
external interrupts, on chip debugging facilities, power consumption and management.

UNIT IV
Processors: Architecture and instruction set of TMS320C3X, TMS320C5X, TMS320C6X, ADSP 21XX DSP Chips, some example
programs.
Recent Trends In Dsp System Design: FPGA-based DSP System Design, advanced development tools for FPGA, Development
tools for Programmable DSPs, Code Composer Studio.

Course Outcomes:After the completion of the course the students gain knowledge and understanding of the characteristics and
applications of D.S.P. processors. They will understand the internal working of D.S.P. processors and their memory architecture.
They learn about the addressing modes and instruction set of D.S.P. processors using which they can program D.S.P.s using
assembly language. They will be able to connect peripheral devices to D.S.P. processors.

Text and Refrence Books:


1. Lapsley, P.Bier, J.Shoham, A. and Lee, E.A. DSP Processor Fundamentals: Architecture and Features, IEEE Press
Series on Signal Processing, IEEE(2000)
2. Venkataramani, B. and Bhaskar, M., Digital Signal Processor: Architecture, Programming and Applications, TMH(2003)

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-526-B COMMUNICATION NETWORK
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To be able to identify a good project, learn PCB Design, understand the Circuits, identify Hardware and
Software for the project. Students will learn to integrate Hardware and Software beautifully to achieve good results.

UNIT I
Communication Networking Techniques: Communication Networks, Circuit Switching, Message Switching, Packet Switching,
Local Networking Technology, The bus / tree topology, the ring topology, Medium Access control protocols (CSMA/CD, Token ring,
FDDI, DQDB).
Propagation path-loss models: Mechanism, free space path loss, log-distance path loss models, Okumara model, Hata model,
PCS model, Wideband PCS microcell model, indoor propagation models, Jakes channel model, Multi path characteristics of radio
waves, signal fading, Time dispersion, Doppler spread, coherence time LCR, fading statistics, diversity techniques.

UNIT II
Wireless systems and standards: GSM standards, signaling and call control, mobility management, location tracing, wireless data
networking, packet error modeling on fading channels, wireless data services, IS-95, GPRS.
Mobile Network Layer: Mobile IP (Goals, assumptions, entities and terminology, IP packet delivery, agent advertisement and
discovery, registration, tunneling and encapsulation, optimizations), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

UNIT III
Data Dissemination: Communications asymmetry, classification of new data delivery mechanisms, pushbased mechanisms, pull-
based mechanisms, hybrid mechanisms, selective tuning (indexing) techniques.
Network Operating Systems: Overview of network operating systems (Windows NT/Unix/Linux), Mobile IP33N Operating System.

UNIT IV
Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANETs): Overview, Properties of a MANET, spectrum of MANET applications, routing and various
routing algorithms, security in MANETs.
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET): VANET architecture, Basic principles and applications of VANETs, Information
dissemination in VANETs, brief introduction to vehicular mobility modeling for VANETs, challenges in VANETs, difference between
VANETs and MANETs, overview of controller area network (CAN), DSRC (dedicated short range communications),Routing
Protocols in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, optimization algorithm (PSO).

Course Outcomes: The students will have complete knowledge of the subject and will be well placed in IT field.

Text Books:
1. Computer Networking by Andrew Tanenbaum.
2. Mobile communications by Jochen H. Schiller, Wesley
3. VANET: Vehicular Applications and Inter-Networking Technologies by Hannes Hartenstein, Kenneth Laberteaux, john
willey and sons
4. Advances in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks: Developments and Challenges by Mohamed Watfa, IGI Global

Reference Books:
1. Data And Computer Communication by William Stallings, Prentice Hall, 4th Ed.
2. Data communications and networking by Forouzan
3. Wireless Communications: Principles and practices by T. S. Rappaport, PHI 1996.
4. Principles and Applications of GSM - byV K Garg Prentice Hall
5. William C. Y. Lee, Mobile Cellular Telecommunications, Analog and Digital Systems, 2nd ed, MGH-1995.
6.
NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-601-B ADVANCED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To give the idea and basic knowledge of Wireless Communication Systems. To familiarize the students with the concept of
Radio Wave Propagation. To give the idea about the Cellular Mobile Systems. To introduce the Wireless Networking, OSI Model, TCP/IP Model,
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), Traffic Routing in Wireless Networks Switching, Intelligent Cells etc.

UNIT I
An Introduction to Wireless Communication Systems : Introduction, Evolution of Mobile Radio Communication , Beginning of Radio, Wireless
Mobile Communication, Applications of Wireless Communication , Disadvantages of Wireless Communication Systems , Examples of Wireless
Communication Systems , Difference Between Fixed Telephone Network and Wireless Telephone Network , Development of Wireless
Communication ,Fixed Network transmission Hierarchy , Comparison of Wireless Communication Systems.
Modern Wireless Communication Systems : Introduction, First Generation (1G), Second Generation (2G), Generation (2.5G) , Third Generation
(3G), Evolution from 2G to 3G, Fourth Generation (4G), Digital Cellular System Parameter, Differences Between Analog Cellular and Digital Cellular
Systems, Wireless Local Loop [WLL], Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) , PAN (Personal Area Network), Bluetooth.

UNIT II
Radio Wave Propagation: Introduction , Doppler Shift, Parameters of Multipath Channels, Fading, Diversity Techniques, Space Propagation
Model, Phenomena of Propagation, Interleaving, Propagation Models; Outdoor Propagation Models: Longley-Rice model, Durkins Model, Okumura
Model, Hata Model, Walfisch and Bertoni Model, Indoor Propagation Models; Log-distance Path Loss Model; Ericsson Multiple Breakpoint Model
Cellular System Design Fundamentals: Introduction, Frequency Reuse, Cellular Capacity Increasing Parameters, Channel Assignment Strategies
,Hand-off Strategies, Hand-off Initiation, Type of Hand-off on the Basis of Decision-making Process,Channel Assignment Strategies for Hand-off,
Interference , Tracking, Trunking, Grade of Service.

UNIT III
Cellular Mobile Systems: Introduction, Spectrum Allocation, ITU (International Telecommunication Union) , Wireless Communication System, Basic
Components of Cellular Systems, Cellular System Architecture; CDMA, Physical and logical channels of IS -95 CDMA: Introduction, Physical
Channels, Modulation, Bit Repetition, Block Interleaving, Channel coding Logical Channels, Paging Channels, access channels, Forward Traffic
channels, Reverse Traffic Channels. GSM: Most Popular Cellular System, Type of Channels, Cell Concept in Wireless Communication, Shape
Selection of the Cell.
CDMA as a protocol Multiple Access Techniques: classification of multiple access protocols contention less ( scheduling) multiple access
protocols contention (random) multiple access protocols Code division multiple access (CDMA) protocols - CDMA system concepts spread
spectrum multiple access Code generation DSCDMA with imperfect power control Near far effect multi user interference in the reverse link
and forward link.

UNIT IV
Wireless Networking : Introduction, Difference Between Fixed Telephone Network and Wireless Telephone Network, PAN (Personal Area
Network), Technology Used, OSI Model, TCP/IP Model, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), Traffic Routing in Wireless Networks, Routing
Services, Types of Switching, Switching Techniques, X.25 Protocol, Data Services in Wireless Network, Network Architecture,
Advanced Intelligent Networks: Introduction, Advanced Intelligent Networks (AIN), Intelligent Networking (IN), SS7 Protocol (Signaling System #
7), Component Used in IN/AIN Architecture, Working of AIN , Difference Between IN and Succeeding AIN/IN, Intelligent Cell Concept, Zone Divided
Power Delivery Intelligent Cells, Processing Gain Intelligent Cells, Applications of Intelligent Cell Concept, Advantages of Intelligent Cells
Implementation
Course Outcomes: After reading the course students will be able to understand the basics of Wireless Communication Systems, Radio Wave
Propagation, Cellular Mobile Systems, Wireless Networking, SS7 Protocol (Signaling System # 7), IN/AIN Architecture and Working, Intelligent Cell
Concept,

Text Books:
1. T.S. Rappaport, Wireless Communication, Principles & Practice, Pearson Education.
2. Rajeshwar Dass, Wireless Communication Systems, I.K International Pvt. Ltd
3. Mobile Communication: Jochen Schiller Pearson Education.

Reference Books
1. Kaveh Pahlavan & Allen H. Levesque, Wireless Information Networks, Wiley series in Telecommunications and Signal
processing
2. Kamilo Feher: Wireless Digital communications, Modulation and Spread S

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire syllabus. The
student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-603-B RELIABILITY ENGINEERING
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: To make students able to understand concepts of Reliability Engineering to illuminate or mitigate failure. To
make them aware to apply engineering knowledge to prevent or reduce the likelihood or frequency of failure and to identify and
correct the causes of failure that does occur. They determine ways of coping with failure that does occur. To apply methods of
estimating the likely reliability of new design, and analyzing reliability data. To provide knowledge of reliability testing, reliability
estimation and implementation which motivate students to apply the knowledge and skill gained to research.

UNIT I
Introduction: Study of reliability and maintainability, concepts terms and definition, random events, bayes formula, random
variables, discrete distribution, binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, continuous distribution
Basic Reliability model: Reliability function, mean time to failure, hazards rate function, bath tab, conditional reliability, constant
failure rate model, time dependent failure model.

UNIT II
Data collection and empirical method: Data collection, Empirical Method, Ungrouped complete data, grouped complete data,
ungrouped censored data, group censored data, static life estimation
Reliability Testing: product testing, reliability life testing, test time calculation, length of test, burn in testing, acceptance testing,
experimental design, reliability growth process, idealized growth curve, Duane Growth Model, AMSAA Model.

UNIT III
Failure and Repair Distribution: candidate distribution, probability plots and least square curve fitting, parameter estimation,
confidence intervals, parameter estimation for covariance model.
Goodness to fit test: Chi Square Goodness Of fit test, Bast letts test for exponential distribution, Manns Test for Weibull
Distribution, Kolmogosov Smirnov test for normal, Log normal Distribution, Test for Power Law process model, On fitting distribution.

UNIT IV
Reliability Estimation and Applications: Redundancy, burn in testing, preventive main furnace analysis, Reliability Allocation,
Reliability growth testing, Repairable system analysis, multiply censored data.
Implementation: Objectives function and processes the economics of reliability and maintain ability and system design
organisational consideration, data source and data collection methods, product reliability, warranties & related matters, Software
Reliability.

Course Outcomes: After successful completion of the course, student will be able to develop ability to understand the
fundamentals of Reliability Engineering and have a working knowledge of the techniques of reliability engineering, to apply learned
concepts to improving the maintenance, the maintainability, hazard risk. They will be able to analysis of different failures of a
component/equipment

Text Books:
1. Reliability and Maintain Ability Engineering. Charles E. Ebeling TMH.

Reference Books
1. System Eng. And analysis, PHI Blanchard B. S & W. J.Fabrycky.
2. Engineering Reliability: New Techniques & applications. Dhillon B.S & C. Singh. John Wiley
3. Reliability centred maintenance, Mc Grow Hill New York by Smith, A. M.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-631-B ADVANCED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LAB
L T P Credits Class Work : 20 Marks
- - 3 3 Exams : 30 Marks
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives: To provide the hands on practice to students for frequency Offset Estimation and Correction, Properties of
Antennas: Polarization, Cross Polar Discrimination, Antenna Resonance and Gain Bandwidth measurement, Characterization of
Fading Effects, Fading Counter-measures using Antenna diversity and Frequency diversity, Delay Spread Measurement, Handover
Demonstration, Detailed receiver and transmitter parameters of a typical radio communication system, PC2PC communication,
Multiple channel DSSS, Horn, micro strip antenna, Measurement of dielectric constants, OFDM.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

1. Frequency Offset Estimation and Correction


2. Properties of Antennas: Polarization, Cross Polar Discrimination
3. Antenna Resonance and Gain Bandwidth measurement
4. Characterization of Fading Effects
5. Fading Counter-measures using Antenna diversity and Frequency diversity
6. Delay Spread Measurement
7. Handover Demonstration
8. Detailed receiver and transmitter parameters of a typical radio communication system SINAD, fidelity, image rejection,
modulation sensitivity, transmission bandwidth etc.
9. PC2PC communication protocol standards, frame/ packet/ UDP structure etc
10. Multiple channel DSSS spreading, dispreading, decoding etc.
11. Horn, micro strip antenna radiation pattern, gain etc.
12. Microwave phase shifter calibration.
13. Measurement of dielectric constants solids & liquids.
14. OFDM Synchronization, Frequency Offset, and Channel Estimation.
15. OFDM Modulator and Demodulator

Course Outcomes: After reading the course students will be able to understand the basics of: Frequency Offset Estimation and
Correction, Properties of Antennas: Polarization, Cross Polar Discrimination, Antenna Resonance and Gain Bandwidth
measurement, Characterization of Fading Effects, Fading Counter-measures using Antenna diversity and Frequency diversity,
Handover Demonstration, PC2PC communication protocol standards, frame/ packet/ UDP structure etc, Horn, micro strip antenna
radiation pattern, gain and Modulator and Demodulator. Students may use the concepts for implementation of projects in future.

NOTE:
7 experiments are to be performed from the above list. Remaining 3 can be performed depending upon the infrastructure available
and MTEC-601-B contents.
MTEC-605-B CMOS MIXED SIGNAL CIRCUIT DESIGN
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

COURSE OBJECTIVES: Designing CMOS mixed signal circuits to achieve performance specifications. Exposure to analog and digital
circuit design techniques in integrated context. Learn to design mixed-signal building blocks including comparators and data
converters. Analyzing CMOS based switched capacitor circuits.

UNIT I
PLL: Characterization of a comparator, basic CMOS comparator design, analog multiplier design, PLL - simple PLL, charge-pump
PLL, applications of PLL,
Switched Capacitor Circuits: Switched Capacitor circuits - basic principles, some practical circuits such as switched capacitor
integrator, biquad circuit, switched capacitor filter, switched capacitor amplifier, non-filtering applications of switched capacitor circuit
such as programmable gate arrays, DAC and ADC, MOS comparators, modulators, rectifiers, detectors, oscillators.

UNIT II
Sampling Circuits: Sampling circuits: Basic sampling circuits for analog signal sampling, performance metrics of sampling circuits,
different types of sampling switches. Sample-and-Hold Architectures: Open-loop & closed-loop architectures, open-loop architecture
with miller capacitance, multiplexed-input architectures, recycling architecture, switched capacitor architecture, current-mode
architecture.
DAC: Input/output characteristics of an ideal D/A converter, performance metrics of D/A converter, D/A converter in terms of
voltage, current, and charge division or multiplication, switching functions to generate an analog output corresponding to a digital
input. D/A converter architectures: Resistor-Ladder architectures, current-steering architectures.

UNIT III
ADC: Input/output characteristics and quantization error of an A/D converter, performance metrics of A/D converter. A/D converter
architectures: Flash architectures, two-step architectures, interpolate and folding architectures, pipelined architectures, Successive
approximation architectures, interleaved architectures.
Filters: Low Pass filters, active RC integrators, MOSFET-C integrators, transconductance-C integrator, discrete time integrators.
Filtering topologies - bilinear transfer function and biquadratic transfer function.

UNIT IV
Data Converter Snr: Quantization Noise, Signal to Noise Ratio, improving SNR by using Averaging and Feedback.
Mixed-Signal Layout Issues: Floor planning, Power Supply and Ground Issues, Fully Differential Design, Guard Rings, Shielding,
Other Interconnect Considerations.

COURSE OUTCOMES: At the completion of this course, each student will have demonstrated proficiency in Analyzing CMOS based
switched capacitor circuits. Using VLSI CAD tools for design and analysis of mixed-signal circuits. Understanding mixed-signal
design flow. Understanding basics of data converters.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Razavi, "Design of analog CMOS integrated circuits", McGraw Hill, 2001
2. Razavi, "Principles of data conversion system design", S.Chand and company ltd, 2000
3. Jacob Baker, "CMOS Mixed-Signal circuit design", IEEE Press, 2002
4. Gregorian, Temes, "Analog MOS Integrated Circuit for signal processing", John Wiley & Sons
5. Baker, Li, Boyce, "CMOS : Circuit Design, layout and Simulation", PHI, 2000

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-607-B MEMS AND IC INTEGRATION

L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks


4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course objective: To familiarize students with fundamental basis of MEMS devices, such as microactuators and microsensors, as
well as their principles of operation. The course will introduce micromachining techniques, microfabrication techniques and
applications to the design and manufacturing of an MEMS device or a microsystem.

UNIT I
MEMS and Microsystems:Overview of CMOS process in IC fabrication, MEMS system-level design methodology, Microfabrication
Evolution, Microsystems miniaturization, Microsystem Applications in health care industry, aerospace industry, telecommunications.
Microsensors and Microactuation: Working principles of Microsystems, Microsensors acoustic wave sensors, biomedical
sensors, optical sensors, thermal sensors, Pressure sensors with embedded electronics(Analog/Mixed signal): Accelerometer with
transducer, Gyroscope, RF MEMS, optical MEMS, Sensor noise calculation, Bolometer Design, Microactuation overview,
Microactuation using thermal forces, electrostatic forces, shaped memory alloys, piezoelectric crystals, Microgrippers, Micromotors,
Microvalves, Micropumps, Microaccelerometers, Microfluidics.

UNIT II
Microsystem Design- Mechanics Engineering: Equivalent Circuit representation of MEMS , signal conditioning circuits.
Engineering Science and Engineering Mechanics for Microsystem Design
Microsystem Design- Thermofluid Engineering: Thermofluid engineering and microsystem design fluid mechanics at macro
and meso scale, fluid flow in nanoscale designs.

UNIT III
Scaling laws in Miniaturized Designs Scaling in electrostatic forces, electromagnetic forces, Scaling in electricity, fluid mechanics
and heat transfer.
Microsystems fabrication processes Materials for MEMS and Microsystems, Photolithography, Ion Implantation, Diffusion, CVD,
PVD, Epitaxy, Etching with reference to concers involved in microfabrication.

UNIT IV
Micromanufacturing Bulk Micromanufacturing, Surface Micromachining, LIGA Process
Micropackaging Microsystem Packaging, Interfaces in Microsystem Packaging, Packaging Technologies, Three dimensional
packaging, Microsystems assembly, Selection of Packaging Materials.

Course Outcomes: After successful completion of the course, students will be able to apply and analyze the concepts of advanced
Microsystem fabrication technologies, design different techniques and process for microsensor & microactuators, Understand and
design of different packaging techniques and material of MEMS and design applications of MEMS in various areas.

Text Books:
1. Gregory T.A. Kovacs, Micromachined Transducers Sourecbook, The McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1998
2. Stephen D. Senturia, Microsystem Design, Kluar Publishers, 2001
3. Nadim Maluf, An Introduction to Microelectromechanical Systems Engineering, Artech House, 2000.
4. M.H. Bao, Micro Mechanical Transducers, Volume 8, Handbook of Sensors and Actuators, Elsevier, 2000.
5. H. J. De Los Santos, Introduction to Microelectromechanical (MEM) Microwave Systems, Artech, 1999.

Reference Books:
1. Masood Tabib-Azar, Microactuators, Kluwer, 1998.
2. Ljubisa Ristic, Editor, Sensor Technology and Devices, Artech House, 1994
3. D. S. Ballantine, et. al., Acoustic Wave Sensors, Academic Press, 1997
4. James M.Gere and Stephen P. Timoshenko, Mechanics of Materials, 2nd Edition, Brooks/Cole Engineering
Division, 1984

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-609-B ALGORITHM FOR VLSI DESIGN
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: Establish comprehensive understanding of the various phases of CAD for digital electronic systems, from
digital logic simulation to physical design. Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of fundamental concepts of Logic synthesis &
verification, Floor planning & pin assignment and placement. Demonstrate knowledge of computational and optimization algorithms
of various routing. Study various type of compaction and via minimization.

UNIT I
Logic synthesis & verification:
Introduction to combinational logic synthesis, Binary Decision Diagram, Hardware models for High-level synthesis.
Partitioning: problem formulation, cost function and constraints, classification of partitioning algorithms, Group migration algorithms,
simulated annealing & evolution, other partitioning algorithms.
UNIT II
Floor planning & pin assignment: Floor planning model and cost function, Classification of Floor planning, constraint based floor
planning, Integer Programming Based Floor planning, floor planning algorithms for mixed block & cell design. General & channel pin
assignment.
Placement: problem formulation, cost function and constraints, simulation base placement algorithms, Partitioning Based
Placement Algorithms, other placement algorithms,
.UNIT III
Global Routing: Grid Routing and Global routing, Problem formulation, cost function and constraints, classification of global routing
algorithms, routing regions, sequential global routing, Maze routing algorithm, line probe algorithm, Steiner Tree based algorithms,
Integer Programming Based Approach, Hierarchical Global Routing, Global Routing by Simulated Annealing
Detailed routing: problem formulation, cost function and constraints, classification of routing algorithms, single layer routing
algorithms, two layer channel routing algorithms, three layer channel routing algorithms, and switchbox routing algorithms.
UNIT IV
Over the cell routing & via minimization: Over-the-cell Routing: Cell Models, two layers over the cell routers, Three-Layer Over-
the-cell Routing, constrained & unconstrained via minimization.
Compaction: problem formulation, Classification of Compaction Algorithms one-dimensional compaction, two dimension based
compaction, hierarchical compaction

Course Outcomes: By the end of the course, the students shall be able: to describe and formulate the flow of VLSI Design for any
application. Understand the basic concepts of Logic synthesis & verification, Floor planning, Can solve problem related to
placement, pin assignment and routing concepts. Understand the algorithms used in various phase of system designing and Can
design system algorithms used in CMOS VLSI technology.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Naveed Shervani, Algorithms for VLSI physical design Automation, Kluwer Academic Publisher, Second edition.
2. Christophn Meinel & Thorsten Theobold, Algorithm and Data Structures for VLSI
3. Design, KAP, 2002.
4. Rolf Drechsheler : Evolutionary Algorithm for VLSI, Second edition.
5. Trimburger, Introduction to CAD for VLSI, Kluwer Academic publisher, 2002

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-611-B SOFTWARE FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives: The course is intended to keep the student abreast of the softwares, operating systems and real time
operating systems used for the design of embedded systems. This course opens the door for the student to make in-roads into
applications based these tools.

UNIT I
EMBEDDED LINUX, WIN C.

UNIT II

TINY OS:
Review Of Operating Systems: Basic Principles - Operating System structures System Calls Files Processes Design and
Implementation of processes Communication between processes Introduction to Distributed operating system Distributed
scheduling.
UNIT III
Overview Of RTOS 9: RTOS Task and Task state - Process Synchronisation- Message queues Mail boxes - pipes Critical
section Semaphores Classical synchronisation problem Deadlocks
Real Time Models And Languages: Event Based Process Based and Graph based Models Real Time Languages RTOS
Tasks RT scheduling - Interrupt processing Synchronization Control Blocks Memory Requirements.

UNIT IV
Real Time Kernel: Principles Design issues Polled Loop Systems RTOS Porting to a Target Comparison and study of
various RTOS like QNX VX works PSOS C Executive Case studies.
Rtos Application Domains: RTOS for Image Processing Embedded RTOS for voice over IP RTOS for fault Tolerant
Applications RTOS for Control Systems.

COURSE OUTCOMES: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of the softwares, operating systems and real time
operating systems used for the design of embedded systems. Moreover, students will also have a first-hand exposure of
applications of these tools.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Raj Kamal, Embedded Systems- Architecture, Programming and Design Tata McGraw Hill, 2006.
2. Herma K., Real Time Systems Design for distributed Embedded Applications, Kluwer Academic, 1997.
3. Charles Crowley, Operating Systems-A Design Oriented approach, McGraw Hill 1997.
4. C.M. Krishna, Kang, G.Shin, Real Time Systems, McGraw Hill, 1997.
5. Raymond J.A.Bhur, Donald L.Bailey, An Introduction to Real Time Systems, PHI 1999.
6. Mukesh Sighal and N. G. Shi Advanced Concepts in Operating System, McGraw Hill 2000.

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-613-B EMBEDDED APPLICATIONS BASED ON ADVANCED MICROCONTROLLERS
L T P Credits Class Work : 25 Marks
4 - - 4 Theory : 75 Marks
Total : 100 Marks
Duration of Exam. : 3 Hrs.

Course Objectives :The course is intended to keep the student abreast of advanced microcontrollers. It also gives details of the
architecture, programming & application based on AVR & ARM microcontrollers. This course opens the door for the student to make
in-roads into applications based on AVR & ARM microcontroller.

UNIT I
Introduction of Embedded Systems: Definition, ingredients of embedded system, requirements & challenges of embedded
system design, different types of microcontrollers: Embedded microcontrollers, external memory microcontrollers etc., processor
architectures: Harvard V/S Princeton, CISC V/S RISC, microcontrollers memory types, microcontrollers features: clocking, i/o pins,
interrupts, timers, and peripherals.
Software For Embedded System Design: Development tools/ environments, Assembly language programming style, Interpreters,
High level languages, Intel hex format object files, Debugging.

UNIT II
AVR Microcontroller: Introduction to AVR microcontroller, features of AVR family microcontrollers, different types of AVR
microcontroller, architecture, memory access and instruction execution, pipelining, program memory considerations, addressing
modes, CPU registers, Instruction set, and simple operations.
Features Of AVR Microcontroller: Timer: Control Word, mode of timers, simple programming, generation of square wave,
Interrupts: Introduction, Control word Simple Programming, generation of waveforms using interrupt, serial interface using interrupt,
Watch-dog timer, Power-down modes of AVR microcontroller, UART, SRAM.

UNIT III
ARM Architecture And Programming: Arcon RISC Machine, Architectural Inheritance, Core & Architectures, Registers, Pipeline,
Interrupts, ARM organization, ARM processor family, Co-processors, Instruction set, Thumb instruction set, Instruction cycle timings.
ARM Programming: The ARM Programmers model, ARM Development tools, ARM Assembly Language Programming and C-
compiler programming.

UNIT IV
Arm Application Development: Introduction to DSP on ARM, FIR Filter, IIR Filter, Discrete fourier transform, Exception Handling,
Interrupts, Interrupt handling schemes, Firmware and bootloader, Example: Standalone, Embedded Operating Systems,
Fundamental Components.
Design with ARM Microcontrollers: Integrated development environment, Standard I/O Libraries, User Peripheral Devices,
Application of ARM processor: Wireless Sensor Networks, Robotics.

COURSE OUTCOMES: The students will be acquainted with the knowledge of architecture & assembly language programming
exposure of AVR & ARM family microcontroller. Moreover, students will also have a first-hand exposure of interfacing various
peripheral devices and develop applications based on ARM microcontrollers.

Text and Reference Books:


1. Daniel Tabak, "Advanced Microprocessors", McGraw Hill. Inc., 1995.
2. Steave Furber, "ARM system - on - chip architecture", Addison Wesley, 2000.
3. John.B..Peatman, "Design with PIC Micro controller", Pearson Education, 1988.
4. Steve Furber, ARM system on chip architecture, Addison Wesley, 2000.
5. Andrew N. Sloss, Dominic Symes, Chris Wright, John Rayfield, ARM System Developers Guide Designing and
Optimizing System Software, Elsevier 2007.
6. Trevor Martin, The Insider's Guide To The Philips ARM7-Based Microcontrollers, An Engineer's Introduction To The
LPC2100 Series Hitex (UK) Ltd.,
7. Dananjay V. Gadre, Programming and Customizing the AVR microcontroller, McGraw Hill 2001
8. ARM Architecture Reference Manual 6. LPC213x User Manual

NOTE:
In the semester examination, the examiner will select two questions from each unit (total eight questions in all), covering the entire
syllabus. The student will be required to attempt five questions selection at least one question from each unit.
MTEC-633-B SEMINAR

L T P Credits Class Work : 50 Marks


- - 2 2 Exams : --
Total : 50 Marks

Course Objectives: To learn how to carry out literature search, to learn the art of technical report writing, to learn the art of verbal
communication with the help of modern presentation techniques. To select a topic in emerging areas of Engineering & Technology
and carry out the task under the supervision of a teacher assigned by the department. To give a seminar talk on the same before a
committee constituted by the chairperson the department.

A student will select a topic in emerging areas of Engineering & Technology and will carry out the task under the supervision of a
teacher assigned by the department.

He/ She will give a seminar talk on the same before a committee constituted by the chairperson the department. The committee
should comprise of 2 or 3 faculty members from different specializations. The teacher(s) associated in the committee will each be
assigned 2 hours teaching load per week.
However, supervision of seminar topic will be in addition to the regular teaching load.

Course Outcomes: After completion of the course the students are able to understand; how to carry out literature search,technical
report writing, the art of verbal communication with the help of modern presentation techniques.
MTEC-637-B DISSERTATION (PHASE-I)
L T P Credits Class Work : 100 Marks
- - 6 6 Exams : --
Total : 100 Marks

Course Objectives: The objective of Dissertation Phase 1 is to teach students literature survey andLiterature review.in a particular
subject area.The purpose of literature review is to summarize and synthesize the ideas of others. The students are able to identify
their problem and find a suitable software tool to work on.

The primary objective of this course is to develop in student the capacity for analysis & judgment and the ability to carry out
independent investigation in design /development through a dissertation work involving creativity, innovation and ingenuity. The
work must start with comprehensive literature search and critical appreciation thereof so as to select research problem the student
wishes to work on.

Each student will carry out independent dissertation under the supervision of some teacher(s) who will be called Supervisor(s). In no
case more than two supervisors can be associated with one dissertation work.
The dissertation involving design/ fabrication/ testing/ computer simulation/ case studies etc. which commences in the III Semester
will be completed in IV Semester. The evaluation of the dissertation phase I besides approval of the dissertation topic of the
students will be done by a committee constituted as under:
Chairperson of Department : Chairperson
M Tech Coordinator/ Sr Faculty : Member Secretary
Respective dissertation supervisor : Member
The student will be required to submit two copies of his/her report to the department for record (one copy each for the department
and participating teacher).
Course Outcome: The students are able to write literature review and conclude the review in the following manner: Introduction
section that describes the topic of the review, Body section which contains the discussion of sources, Conclusions from the
discussion of sources and recommendations (if any). The main point in the conclusion of the literature review would be the
clarification and emphasis of the gaps (unexplored/unsolved problem in the field).

.
MTEC-602-B DISSERTATION

L T P Credits Class Work : 50 Marks


- - 20 20 Exams : 100 Marks
Total : 150 Marks

Course Objectives: As part of DCRUST curriculum, a student is required to undertake dissertation in their final year of study. Aim
of this research is to develop students knowledge for solving technical problems through structured research study in order to
produce competent and sound engineers. The thesis is very important component for students by the following ways.It provides the
students with the opportunity to design undertake or conduct an independent research or study related to their degree course.

The dissertation started in III Semester will be completed in IV Semester and will be evaluated in the following manner.
Internal Assessment
Internal Assessment (class work evaluation) will be effected as per ordinance through interim report, presentation and discussion
thereon by the following committee of three persons:
Chairperson of Department : Chairperson
M Tech Coordinator/ Sr Faculty : Member Secretary
Respective dissertation supervisor : Member
External Assessment
Final dissertation will be assessed by a panel of examiners consisting of the following:
Chairperson of Department : Chairperson
Respective Supervisor(s) : Member(s)
External expert : To be appointed by the University

Course Outcome: Upon completion of Final year dissertation , student should be able to Identify and describe the problem and
scope of research clearly, collect, analyze and present data into meaningful information using relevant tools, select, plan and
execute a proper methodology in problem solving, work independently and ethically, present the results in written and oral format
effectively and identify basic entrepreneurship skills in project management.

NOTE: The External Expert must be from the respective area of specialization. The chairperson & M Tech Coordinator with
mutual consultation will divide the submitted dissertations into groups depending upon the area of specialization and will
recommend the list of experts for each group separately to the V C for selecting the examiners with the note that an external
expert should be assigned a maximum of FIVE dissertations for evaluation.
The student will be required to submit THREE copies of his/her report to the M Tech Coordinator for record and processing.