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PART 1

Plans for the Pietenpol SKY SCOUT


Since plans for thc Pictt'lipol A.ir CampCT were published just
a year ago, seJ.;eral hundred sets of IJlueprints have been PUT-
chased, and Uwse who followed the plans closely were, with-
out exception, successful in building a safe and economical
clirplwl,'!. Owing to the insistent demand of lightplane fans
fOT a similar :,hip powered witll (J ,'Hodel T motor, the origi-

nator of tlJe Air Camper has designed the Pie ten pol Sky
Scout especially Jar readers of the 1933 Flying ::vlanual.

By B, H. Pietenpo/
Designer of the Pietenpoi Air Camper

);() sooner had my artidc on building the Air air. While I started fly ing with not over four hours
Camper appeared in 1110dcrn i\.lechanix and Inv}l- and twelve landings, and soloed and test-flew a
lions than the readers began flooding both myself ship at the same timp, 1 surely advise ;'OU against
and Andy with queries as to whether the ship could that method. But where could you find a school in
be pG\vered with a :r-.lodel T motor. 1920?
Lnfortunately I had to tell the fans that the I then went in for higher powered jobs. but
!\Iodel T Vias hardly powerful enough for a two- always believed that the rvlodel T motor could be
place job. And then the fun began! Letters started Inade to fly successfullv .
pouring in, asking for plans for a one-place job About- in 1928 whe"n the new Ford CUllle out I
that could use the main-spring of an old Henry. decided that the rl-Iodel A was the engine I wanted,
Well, here we are! so I bought all the sample parts from the Ford
Hut before going into the actual construction dealer and assembled a motor. although I had not
of the Sky Scout I wish to sa)' a few things about seen the inside of the new Ford, The ship flew and
the ship, how it happened to be. what it will do, was a success from the start.
ano \I,'hat not to expect of it. Model A Gets All Credit
Back to the Model T There was only one thing I did not like about
I have been experimenting and building light this - the motor got all the credit, and the ship got
planes since 1920 and my first ship was a biplan{l none. So when the editors of :\'1. M. told me that
powered with a ),'fodel T Ford motor, The ship was they could usc a similar ship that \\o'ould fly good
very light. but not very strong. compared with the on a Model T motor. I built the Sky Scout to prove
Sky Scout. However, I did with that first plane to myself that I could build a ship powered with
what a lot of you who build your first ship will try that motor which would be practical, and also to
to do. I mean teach yourself to fly prove that the :r..lodel A engine was not the only
The plane was fully able to fly as I had it in automobile motor that would fly successfully.
the air about 20 times, but as I didn't know ho .... The Model A is a wonderful motor for the
to land, I busted something every time 1 had it up small plane, and may be used in this ship, and ad-
The last time I tried it in a 25-mile wind and vise its use if you have not a Model T all rebuilt
there was not enough left of the crate to fix it up for aircraft use. There must be hundreds of them
after that built up.
Learn to Fly First The only change needed if the :-Wlodel A motor
So mv first bit of advice is, bv all means learn is used is to move the wing about one inch ahead
to fly bPi'ore you try to take your ~wn ship into the and put on a little larger radiator, as the ship is

26
Pl L "fE NPOI. ONE S LAn:~
<'ORO ",O OEI. ' "T' .. O lCR

The Air Cllmper and Sk y Scou t compared.


The S/lme :;;Iurdy co n:;;truction is ev ident in
every line of the Scout a s wa s found in its
bigger and h igher-powered brother _

The P il!tenpo l Sk y Sco ur t/lking off


from the Wold-Ch~mberlain /l ir
po rt at Minneap o lis, Minn., for ~
c ro ss-c ountry ho,;> _
. . " ,.~~",.. ~.~~, ~~' ~
r
.. ',~.. ..

plenty strong for t his engine . an d co\.... ling and a ll went into a sh arp ditch I) t did not no se o~rl .
will fi t. I ;) Iso s aw this ship lan d on a p lowe d fie ld
Now a few words on what t he Sk y Scout is: O.K. , alt hough it Vias necessar y to pull it Oil to a
Firs t, the s hip wa s designed t o be as eas y t o solid fi e ld to ta ke off as it ('ould not mo ve an in ch
fl y as it is possible to "mak e it. I have ne"er flown on its ow n power - th e field was too so ft
a plane that hand led bett8L It is also al most im- Now do not thi nk 1 advise VOli to do Ihese
possible to hurt it landing. things , as I certai nly do not. But it-s comfor ting to
I ha ve watche d two fellows ma ke their first know that Y OUl pla ne can sta nd this ki n o of a bu se
solo on thi s ship, a nd if evcr a plane had a reason wi thout cracking u p.
to crack up. it did wh(~n it landed about 20 fL u p The Sky Scou t h as a dilllu uf il t least 2 00 f }l ll!.
and pancaked down. although it has been cl im bed at a round 500 several
I h a ve watch ed stu dents fly into t he grou nd times . It has a top speed of about ti 2 mph, a land ing
with the tail skid t wo feel in the air, and have also speed of under 3[; mph , a lake-off ru n of 150 ft
watL hed the tail s kid strike the g round whe n the on a good fi eld, and a bout 250 ft. la nd ing run .
wheels were two fee t in the air on a stall landing . We let the motor turn a 6 fL p ropeller with if
The ship now has about 100 hour s of this sort 42 in. pitch, 1740 maximum r evolutions per min-
of time. The only thing that has been hurt is one ute on the ground , an d cruise the motor at between
vee on the land ing gear that WaS be nt a little on a 1500 and 1600 in the air . The throttle is about one-
forced landing made d own wind when one wheel third open at cruising spee d so you see yo u ha\'e
27
Pt U. IL O F AXL E. COLL AR
" OH ' T O e", T 0 0 .... .. " .O .. T .. I. " . 1 .. ,
c uT 'U I-I. SO U A " O I"T O~ I N "'''I.r
.... 0 1. "0' O N ( ... .. 1.' 'N . (", NO 1' ,, (
OT1< p '

'O~D
..
.. 00[1-

T I'IE S lO E VI[W
OF T HE c;,OMF' LET E PLANE
"'-+'---- - - - ---
No n : ' " ' VU L" C(
O~"W I " G ' fOR TH C
CO "O'L[T[ Oll,UN " O '"
~ I.~N C l' H or O'L"N[ " Ie ft . 31 IN IN CH ES

Ovtbo;a rd . nd front e lev;ation s of the Sky Scout. Dl!tllil s of th e il'lst rlJmen t b oard , ax le coliar, and horizontal stabilizer

som e l'(lse rVe power Th e motor will t urn as high Desig ned for Eosy Buildin!)
as I ROO in the fl i l' . The Sky SL'o ut was designed to be as easy as
Blu e pri"ts Correct possibl e to buil d ; bu t unless ~'ou k now you are cap-
Th e editors show(.'d me a s(>t of b lueprints t hat abl e of buil ding a pb nc. or have someone to help
they Ula d ~ fro m t h (l shop d rawings t hat I used in yo t! t h:H is capable, please d o not t ry to build any
bu ild ing t he sh ip. ,md let me say for t he pla ns t ha t airpllme .
they are e xactly like t his plane is buil t, a nd the I believe th is is the eas iest s hip to build there
most lJeau ti f u lly d ra wn u p a nd ('asy to u nderstand is . lI owe\'~r, I wis h to have only safeh' bu ilt and
thal I h a v~ '!VI!t' sl'e n. good fl y ing p lanes ill the air. am( if I knew that any
There nrc a lot of imp ron"me nLs in t hese p rints unsafe sh ips were bu ilt from these plans I wQuld
tha t will abo be a g n:at he lp to you if .vou aI'(' build- p refer t1wt you hall ne\'er seen them .
ing th e Air Campt!r . I belie ve t hai Ih i.o;- is the safest pb ne fo r the be
Agai n 1 wish to say that t hese plans nn' .'x- gi nnr l' Ihat has e \'el' been built. It is for the fell ow
:,l<:tly as the shi p was built. and if we build any mol'C who is gn ing to buil d his own ship th at th ese plans
of this model. th ey will be exactly like t his one, as w(>re made. All of us who arc inter ested in a\'iation
after fl ying the wh ole s~aso n of 193 1 we have not have to ma ke a start some time and I think that
found one im p rovement w t' \ovou ld wish to make, buil di ng your own ligh tpla ne is the best way to get
s tart (~ d .
and t he p lan t' is far bette r t ha n we dared hope for.
So p lp~!.~ e
rio not write to have the de sign The Fuselage
cil (J) lqe d , (lS I (ulvise th at tile ship be Imilt (IS it is . We will now ta ke up the construction of the
Th ere a re so much of th e instructions printed fu se lage. This is ve ry p lainly drawn up and I do not
righ t on the plans t h at it does not seem necessary think you wil l have any t rouble with it. It is made
to write a treatise on how to build it, bu t I will try fr om 7/8 in . by 7/ B in. spruce, for Iongerons and
to gi ve a fe y.' point ers that will be of h elp to yo u stru ts. while th e sid eS an d fro n t are covered with
28
3/32 in. mahogany plywood. The floor is made of
I:~ in. 5-ply haskelite. All gusset plates of I/l; in.
materiaL Remember, all plywood must be regular
aircraft grade and waterproof.
Use a good glue. We use Rodgers semi-water-
proof and give it two good coats of varnish. Vou
may usc regular casein glue, but be sure you kl,ow
how to handle it. It won't keep long 112 hour:::
Make Jig for Fuselage
You will need a large bench on which to draw
out and build your jig. \Ve use Ih" .;;alne.: jig for both
sides.
Each strut is held in place by blocks which
are left nailed down until both sides are finished.
Also leave the longerons a little long, and wrap
some wire from the top to bottom longerons, twist-
ing it tight with a nail until you have the plywood
This excellent view shows the installation of the Ford
nailed and glued on each side. \Vhen the glue is Model T engine in the Sky Scout. Note location ot the
dry you may saw off the longerons in front. radiator and individual exhaust stacks.
First layout one side in the jig, putting in all
struts and braces. When .you make O:le strut, make pends on them 1 and nail and glue them in place
another just like it to be used on the other side so You may now put in the "I" by 5-plywood floor.
the two will be exactly alike. Be sure to usc a miter nailing it in with 1 in. 17 gauge nails. :'\cxt comes
box for this work the top of the fuselage.
:\'ext glue and nail on all the 11\ in. gusset Now pull the tail end of longerons together.
plates, wire the front Iongerons together so they make this joint fit good, glue and nail it good, and
will not spring apart and break the gusset plates. put in all the rest of the struts and braces. using
Now remove the side from jig, put the longer-
the center line method to get it straight. That is,
OIlS. struts <Jnrl bl"<Jf'p.s for t.hp. othn sidp. into thp.
make a line in the center of each strut and make
jig, and put thc gusset plates, starting from tail
a tight string or wire pass over this line when
and v>'Or-king up to where the 3/32 in. sides start. drawn from center of front to (:pntvr of tail post.
Now take the side you have just finished from
The struts are next set on the gusset pl81es of
jig. lay it in on a piece of 3/32 in. plywood, and the sides. TheIl put on turtle back. instrunwnt
mark out all longerons, struts, and braces by run-
board, cowling, and support ;lIld tlw \\"()odwork is
ning a pencil around them, then cut the plywood finished except for spat. which .\"()u .~h(llild h8H'
the size of fuselage. fI-1ake two of these - one for
no trouble with.
the right and one for the left side.
I can gt't tht' fusel<lgt' built up fl)l' yOIl if thi~
The side of the plywood bearing the pencil
sounds like too lIIuch work. and then you will have
marks goes on the outside, and gives you good
a perfett Job ;mllllld which to iJllild tflt' rl's/ of th.,
marks to keep your nails between.
ship
Glue and Nail Gusset Plates
The Wing
Now put a good layer of glue on longerons.
The fittings are so cle3r on the pl<lIlS that it
struts, and braces as far back as the plywood goes:
would be a waste of time to sa.\ anything about
lay on your plywood and get busy nailing it down
them. They art:' all made of regular 1025 aircraft
with :1"1. in. by 18 gauge cement coated nails. All
steel and are more than strong enough
other gusset !Jlates are also put on with this size
The wing 011 the Sky' Scout is Illuch too ::;trong
nail.
and could be lightened a little. It weighs about 90
When you have this done, wire front of long-
erons together and remove from jig. Now remove
all blocks from the bench so that it is smooth
Turn the side of the fuselage over and put gusset
on that side; then do the same with first side you SPECIFICATIONS OF THE PIETENPOL SKY SCOUT
started. High SplNd 62 mph
Now take the two sides and clamp them to- Cruising Speed 55 mph
Landing Speed 35 mph
gether. Saw off ends of the longerons exactly the Takeoff Run 150 ft.
same length. Take a tri-square and mark off all L.,nding Run 250 ft.
Initial Climb Minimum, 200 fpm
strut stations, the place for the instrument boards. Span 27 ft. J in.
and a few extra marks that will come in handy to Chord 5 ft.
measure from. . Length 16 ft. J in.
Now make the seat back and the front bulk-
head. (These must be perfect, as the whole job de-
29

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! ,\ __ D E TA I LS Of WI N G ASSE M B L Y ~
" DTAt L OF
" LAT CH ON FLO~

Dela th of wing .1 Ssemblv ,)te 9, vet'l on th iS working draWing. The met hod of m sl.lllng $heet steel t , nk In t h e ce nt er sec_
tion of w ing is cleilrly shown h ere. Another inhresting ;nnl;)vatjon is the fl ap .t the t r . iling edge of the ce n fer section.

Ihs. (:olll p let l'. It w a~ on lY bUI lt th is hea vv bceJ.lIl;C g lued on both sid es .
all the rcg:u lar pari s h i l; lI11rl t he Ail' Ca ni pe!" wing Next put on all wing fi tti ngs a nd hraee wire ;
were used . (wc us!::' 3/ :t!. in. eab le as it is easi!::'r to ha nd le. al
I wish 10 (";111 yO ur a it.r ntlOll to t h e bra('e rig ht t hough :\0. 12 hard wire is O.K. !, and li ne the
lwck o f t he rea r b NllH T h is \\as changed fr olll tile win g up with th e win~s . Do no t ma ke t hem too
plans of til(' :\ i l" Cam per. und I adv is{' a1l of yO Il
who have not hllilt u p you I' wing ribs to huild ' - "- - -- - - --.
tl1l'1ll this \\' :,~' .
.. \ ffto r your r ibs are fini sh ect, ma ke your bea ms
fif you h;1\'(1 Irouble doing th is , we will he able to ::....
Ill ak {' th e m for yo u J and .-; pli('c t he m in t h e ('cn ter.
:"Jon- ma rk off a ll plaee s \\" I H ~re the r ibs wi ll come.
h:.I\'i ng the t wo beams da m ped toget her .
A good way to do t his is to m,lrk off the p l,l('es
on ha lf of th(> spa rs. t he n rcv{'rse olle beam anel
ma rk the otiwr h a ir from the il'st ma rks You wi ll
the n know tha t it is righ t.
Next glue in thc piece of 3/J2 in. or ', l! in .
plywood that b set beneath t he gas ta nk , and be
su re you have this in the ccnte r and perfectly
squa rc , as t he whole wing is lined f rom th is cen ter.
:"Jow put on all the ribs a nd g lue and nail them
with two 1 in. by 17 gauge nails at t ac h joint. On
the top it will he- found nec essary to put in s m all Don F inke dem o n $trat es th e util ity of t h e flap , which is
n e cessa ry f or euy ent r' l"Ice and e gress. Photo . 111-0 goVti
sprUee blocb t l) fill :J I' the gap. These must be you an ide . of the plane's visibility,
30
'".
HOT ' , "' IArO' l I)I" '",S IO '" ARE .A O"
~ "'LY'NQOO ClUU('"
UnE II[ 'TOP or ~I& TO eono ... 0' P L AT E, GullO
TH( l O\Altl\ PI'
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MtTHOD OF' ATTA CHING .

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TH E LEADINC roCE
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ME THOD 0 ,," ATTAC HING
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OOlTE O LINts J ....

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N AN
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IN Wlr-IC .. NO
AlIOt O r~t(
T ~tN COMPLETE DE TA IL OF
THE AILERON fl:IB AN D
T HE CONS T I'<UCTlQ N
COMPLET E DETAILS OF THE W IN G r ~ONl VI[W
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SIC[ VI[W 0,
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~ATHAN
,
RIB AND THE ASSEMBLY Of AI LERON AND HOR N .!-SSpAALy OF AILE~ON HORN

D~t,!lil s of the wing rib construction, The airfoil shown here is original with the designer, and is exactly the s.m. lIS th.t
of the Model A Air Camper, Construction is a trifle heavy, but the ship has been designed for safety nther th.n speed.

tight un til you get in your I:o lllpre ssiun struts and flaw ill years of Hying the A jobs and that wa s the
wing tips . trailing edge of the wing was a little weak for stunt
Now put on lellding edge, trailing edge, ailt:'l"oll ing. Don came sa iling into the field with his job
bemlls. fl op beil ms. Clnd wing tips in orde r fla ll1ed. one day in a steep side s lip - so steep I thoug ht
Line the wing up so lhat it is perfectly straight anll he'd hook a wing a nd f1jp over. Boy. he was going.
pu t in all britC.:cs in wing (woodi and also put the ilnd he ya nked her out to see wha t would happen .
~:! in. by I, I in. braces on the ailerons and put <III Due to the fad that the Ji ttle cross members ill the
rille r strips on the aj\eron hinges (which arc on ly trailing edge were in the wrong direction. a port ion
small strap hinges with a new pin put in which has of the traili ng edge fo lded up, but it didn 't seem
a cotte r pin hole in its.e nd ). to hurt things any, and he flew the rest of the day
Now place Ihe con trol horns, and you lire read y before we started to fix it. That shows the extreme
to cut th e ai le rons and center fl op {ro m the wing . confid en ce we have in the ruggedness of our !'hi ps
By leaving all th e ribs fu ll length and cutting the anti J hope my telling tIlis will convince you of our
ailerons and flop free when finished you arc sure candor in perfecting the little things. We went
to get :l better and straighter wing. After you have through our analysis again, and found it would
all the parts finished anti sanded yo u may give th e make th e rear edge of the rib a little stronger to
whole thing a coat of varnish . run the piece th e other direction , taking the load
This wing is as strong as I kn ow how to make in compression in stead of in tensio n, and we have,
:I wing without having a lot of needless weight. We done so in this Sky Scou t design . I'm still stick ing
experime nted a lot with wings on the good old Air to our home brew wing section and I will until I
C amp~r , whic h still is the best ship today for th e can find something that will work better - . so fal"
model A Ford motor. We loo ked at planes with a I haven't found it.
lot more load per running foot of spar length 3nd a For th e benefit of those of you who have not
lot more load per square foot of wing, and made read of how we constructed lhe Ford A job (which
our spars and r ib!\ to conform. We found only one artic le appea red in the last issue or the FLYI NG
31
('2-0jjOVEA A LL

.,,"
I

INSIDE VIEW OF" F"USELAGE


; C[AR SuPPORTS

} / .. '".'!;~' ". , ".. "'~-


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Y' ~ . . l . -_.. '" x 1" AND fITT'I'IC$ WITH t xi
l[N~IN[ ,,~"'c.TGEAR/'- --. -:~- AT [N~;'R'N<;O' 3T1Il" ON ~NER$
, _. . - -- THE: OUTSIDE VIEW OF" F" USELAGE

.Ii PLYWOOD TOP


f...~--+-,,-------'S:li (12'-o.il OVERALL LENGTH - - - - - - - - - - - _ ,

. c~~~
I" x f SPRUCE

CO';L'I'IC; SUPPORlia NOT[ : ALL STRUTS. 8RAC[ S.


[NG'N[ SUPPOAT THe TOP VIE:W OF" F"USELAGE ANO LONGEAONS AR[
"AOUNO fRONT $TRU"T$ ~> rSPlOUC[

Dimensioned d .... wi ng s of
'he Sky Scout wooden lu
sel .. ge. It h.JI been the ex
p.ri."c. 01 'he d ig" ....
th.t d. Hnlll.nd type of
.\/::
wood co"struction il sim I
pier to build ."d will s tand
up unci.... the h . ...dut ~2-oiJ OViAALL "''"'"------------.;
us.ge. This iob is mar
vel of st ... ength. THE BOTTOM VIEW Of" FUSELAGE

THE SCALE. -THE MEASUREMENTS AND_


--~~;;;''''iF.~~
O.2OZ438
.- THE ASSEMBLY OF THE FUSELAGE-
,
IN INCHES

MANUAL) I'll retell the history of this wing curve test pepper out at the time. Then I used other
of ours. wing sections on other ships , and found out a lot
I've been building airplanes for the last 12 of rule of thumb things about them which any ham
year, you see, and the first one I started was mec hanic knows .
a biplane which was powered with a Ford T. That is, that within limitations the center of
She flew nicely, but in those days we hadn't pressure of almost all wings varies from about a
heard of modern high-lift wing sections, and the third of the chord from the leading edge to about
underside of everything flying was as curved as a 40 percent at the very high angles of incidence. I
shoe horn , and not a lot more efficient, either. I know there are wing sections with negati ve angles
think the wing curve I used on that first ship was of incidence, but they are mostly freaks - I am
a U.S.A. No.4, which was supposed to be the hot- talking about normal wings. The center of pressure
32
METHOD Of' MAKINe UP COCKPIT PAOOING
I' roll
TO U ALLOWED

. ~",,,@-
JOIHT

0" 22. GA .

I.f 11"
NOSE CON E PLATE NOSE DISC
COWLING SUPPORT

Right_ Dimensioned draw


ings for misce llaneous fu
selage fitting s.

Left - Deta iled draw ings


of the seat Ind bulkheld
construction.

OETAILEO DIMENSIONS
OF BULKHEADS ANO
SUPPORTS

was about the same with all wings, and traveled are the strongest and safest from the aerodynamical
back about the same amount for inc reased ang.es pOint of view. Yet they handle differently than any
of incidence. type of airplane like a bip lane. Th ere is a sort of
But while all the graphs of wing curves which pendulum effed that makes it rock back and forth,
I secu red from the N.A .C. A. at Washington looked and a wing section that doesn't have a minimum
about alike, and had about the same characteristics travel of the center of pressure will be bucky on
on paper , there was a lot of difference in the way the contro ls. That is all taken out of the Sky Scout
they handled . Slight differences in lift and drag through the use of our wing, but I often wondered
characteristics on these graphs, which wouldn't why nobody had taken a crac k at the su bject. I
seem to mean a thing, would mean a whole lot know the M-6 wing section has no travel pressure ,
when put onto a ship. -6ut it isn't so hot in the air alongside our section.
You know monoplanes of the high-wing type And so that is that.

. '

Up she gOell Don Fink. taking off It the WoldChamberllin airport for a cross country hop.

"
A re- I airp\') ne, m'lads, and it gets its power from the inniHd s of ft Model T Ford. This
ship ;:> jusl U st urd y ,)s it looks, is u s.,. to b u ild, and can take off and land It it 'Itld
wh ic h would slllmp an OXS or like powered jab.
PART 2

TAIL GROUP AND FUSELAGE


FITTINGS PLANS FOR THE
"SKY SCOUT"
Continued iit th is chapt er you w ill fin d Autho)'
Pietenpol's description of how to build the tail
!J)'OIlP, crllitrol .fi tt mgs, alul th is u nique tail skid.

Yo u fe llows who have been deman(jing a re al easier to make and is quite strong enough.
air pla ne powe red by a ;\'Iodel T Fo n1 eng ine have Wh ile we a r c o n the s ubject of t his gear we had
no doubt dige stcrt the previous insta llment, in better put on som e safety devi<:c to keep the ship
which we d iscussed what could be expected of the from droppin g to th e groun d if the shock cord
ship , a nd in whkh you were g iven part of thc breaks, since it se ems t hat everybod y haF; trouble
pl ans and ill i>tructiolls for builcling. wrapping shock cor d .
In th e tirst illstaIlIHL~ nt. you will rcmembl!l". lI ere is the m ethod we use: First ('ut a piece
W~ took up t he buil ll ing of the fu selage and wings. of leat her to fit a round the bottom of thf! landing
Now we will go on fr om lhe re. The prt!se n t ins tall- gear vee, and lace it on with lace leat her . Now take
ment will include the tili l assembly. la nd ing gear, 6 ft. of l/~ in . shock cord and have someone hold it
and con lfo ls. about half way up o n t he outside of t he front land-
ing gea r stru l. Take- t he other end and pass jf un
Th e landing Geor
der th e landin g gear vee, over the axle, unLier the
We will f i rs t take up the la uding gc~ r. This has la nd ing gear. over the axle, under the vee on the
}.IJ'oven to be a vcry strong ou tfil which will stand inside of the first w rap, uver t he ax le on the outside
pl enty of ab use . While it would be difficult to ex- of the first wrap an d und er the vee on the inside
pla in how this is built, t he plnns are vcry c lear and of th e last wrap until you h ave three , ...Taps pulled
you shoull! lJ ave liD t rou ble . quit e tjgh t.
You will have to use a turning lathe and be a The cord should be just long enough to make
good weld er to ma ke Ihe gca,' .s hown here. You a good squ are knot and to permit ta ping of the ends.
1l1(l ), also bu ild t he type of landing gear that is used Th is method makes earh wrap about the same
on the Ai," Campe r . You will fin d that this is much length and you wlll not have any trouble with your
34
shock cord t utting. The landing gear should gi ve these plans you need have no fear of any structural
not over one inch with a f ull loa d ill the ship. but WC<lkness in th is most vi tal part of the Ship .
neith er s hould it be any tighte r . The Motor Mount
The Tail Skid In the Ilm lor mount you will notice th at lhf!re
i ~ a tiro!, of about a ile inch o n the fr ont of the motor
The tail skid comes next. This is of extre mely
simple co nstruction, but it has proved so efficient mou nting. I have had a lot of so-c:alled experts tell
that we a n~ now using it on <Ill of the planes we me that this should not be. Ho\vever , r ft;!ason that
build. Be s ure to put a small keel on the s hoe or the motor shuuld pull in the direction of tfave l and
you will find your ship h ard to steer on a windy not the way the ship points.
day_ This keel wHl also nclp to preve nt the begin- We built one sh ip using a straight motor bed
II Cf from ground loopi ng . and the dimb was not so good , while it W<lS almost
The Empennage impossible to fly it h ands o rr, except at a ile speed
And now for the empennage. If you sa w the and throttle setting; so my advice is to be SU re
plans of the Air Cam per you will see at a glance and give this drop on the front of the motor .
that the tail surfaces of the Sky Scout follow the The motor mounting itse lf is well show n on
same general lin es as th ose of its big sister. 1 have, the drawings and 1 wi sh to say it is all built right
however, cut down the w.e ight a litUe at this point on the fu selage.
and 1 a lso bel ie ve I have given the $c:out a bit the The motor bed piel.:es are bolted on a nd tem -
best of it a ll the lines. porarily braced and then the motor s upport tu bes
But o utside of a bit of cl eaning up I have seen are fitted to the fitting s a nd bea rers.
no reason for changing this part of the ship, as the The Co.,ering
asse mbly on both jobs has give n quick and se nsitive Xo w put in the gas tank (5~'~ gal.) and th e
co ntrol of th e Ship at all tim es. And another thing wing is ready to cover . You may use any li ghl grade
which is eve n more im port an t - if you foliow of aircraft cloth (or Ihis or you may use sheeting .

,.
" L...1' 11"3"
, '
,


let t"'IL ~I\ID
"'$St ..IILY SIDE V I( W Of VER"TICA L rl N
AND RUDOE:R
1. 16'
= ~~I_
i"~
.ll
T OP VIEW OF EL EVA TORS ANO STAB I L.I ZE R

,IIRA C( c .... ~[ OA
I" G.... ~MID WIRE

EDGE
VAR I OU S 6E"MS SECT IONS GOTT[ ft
fi.-::- t!1/ 0FlI. LI~' t<Of9tS 8 >10 ~Pl~"
.]L SID[
~ 1: ""'L t
[;!T
[~D
.Jk:'" ":,, ["J+
S IO[
M"'l( ,r
~
I
i' ~ ' >1
uSE &-32 ..... C Ii I~ C
,t,LL SGII:[W ~ OL[s CO U~'f[1I:5IJNK2"'~(0' D. 0 - ,.[0'0 . ' R!O.'D. SCllt WS FO~
...LL I'O'NG ES
THE CO"-APLETE: HINGE DE"TA IL S rOR THE TAIL ... st
)"'-~ s.J:
REAR VIEW or
,Jlt!liUIFID OF" II 0 4 0t 5THL "U ~~IIUCK~ES f'"IN AND STABILlztR
"'THE COMPLETE DETAi l S AND ASSEMBLY Of" THE EMPENNAGE.... ~UUt"'G[ Itl G4 . Buc e WillE flO .

Her. ue the working dnwings for building .nd rigging Ihe till lIi~embly of .he Sky Scout. Thi s i$ of simple
wood con,truction, and no pilln, have been d,lI wn for I stHI tube job. Ttle seal" ilppllu only to the u~em bl y dr .... ing.

35
.
o
.'
,0

'i"~ 1& CA
'H OC" S' . Vl

)
S IDE V I EW OF' set DEt""LS or
eNG I NE MOUN T ""LE ENO
L "NO I N (; GE "R
~--.",-----...:'
F RON T VIEW Of n l E
L'-'NO I NC GEAR

j;nYWOOD SID ES
.'
L.O .. GEfO.O N'
III GA. TIJ 8 t

'l" W ~ I '- ( ASH


(HlO INE 1It:"Itt:RS U"""tll: '''OCI(
STIIl T r l1T1Nes I~ CA.. 50LID
TOP V IEW OF THE UPPER AS S C"' 6LY
ENGINE MOUNT
? n il' S "EQ UI It( D
T or Y'': W
~~~ LU':'
,'
~ ASSEMB lY O F' SHOCK S"TR U T AND

This working drawing shows the ~xtrem.lv rugged split-type landing gear d es igned especially for th e Sk-y Scout.
At the left will be found the dimensions fo r th'! bolted $feel <lnd ash moto r moun t . Further detail s found el se where.

5U , .. E E l
orLANC'NG
etc"'"
"'S' IIIY

DETA IL 0 1'" ... X L.E


EN D AND M En-I OO
OF ... TT .... C!:!.!NC T O STRUl2;

Here is how the axle end i$ welded to the This drawi"9 gives details and dimen$ions Here is how th e pulleys are we ld,d t, the
landing gear struts. A w(lrkm~n'ik' job of for building .1nd ilssembling the rudder bar confrol stick torque tube. One pulley is IIW4
welding is vital OIt th i~ point. and po st. The ends of the rudder b.r Ul!o in front OInd two olt the rear.
fI.ttened . nd hole drilled fo r the cable.
r DETAILS'-+
Of TH" --

>E
W TH E. S IDE
F
'0

" VIE W OF TA IL SKID


LOO K I NG .P.0 "'fr:L

1 ,0,"0
PO C ~t T TUllE,

D
Conl p lete detail s for the
lIiI s kid ar e give n her e.
Be l ure to weld the k e el
onlo the vnder$ide of th E'
skid.s " n.
" ~-i
'1'-
POCK ET TU6E PLAT E
~ aa. G .... "'TTA CH T O
0"
SP Re He POCKET T UBE
i Oea. Z -THu1 lI ( g' o.

_
;'='~":'='='='='=O='='="='='='~'='='~____ -"

t
7'

ATTACH fiTT ING f OR


TAI L SrJ D AS S'BlY
'" ,
TAIL BRA C. E WIRE n

- -- - ---- - -- - -

~1
1 ... DlIll L i' KOLE li
ON T1 ".

,.
?,.TTERN r OR RUDO EIt H OR N
2 -THU $ I't [ Q ' O OF 22 <>A. STL.
NOT( ; sn: D( ' 4IL OF A'LEIIO N HOIIN
rOil ' 'f~ 'C'''L
CO"'lITIW C T ION

to the Above a re dime ns ions for elevator and r ud- Rear Admiral Don Finke shows the tail skid
, used der horn ~ . For t vpiul .:onstruction see ~iler and rear assembly . This plane i~ light enou gh
on horns in fir st inst.llm.nt. for thE' average min to whet' in and out of
the hangar without oni$fance.
111111 I III IlffilifffHHiIU
I. SO~ , 1/",-" x 1/2 ' {.:.'\p STRIPS

AIRFOIL SECTION- 2" SQUARES 314/1 X I" CO MP, SHlUT5

FORD~ ODEL TOR


MODEL A ENGINE

3/4" DOW NTH RUST

112~ PINE NOSE PL A

3/4-" X 20 GA ,ENGINE

3/32/1 Pl '(WOOD ST IFFENER

1/6" PLY FRONT BULKHE AD -~--\-----~

1/4/1 PLY FLDOR

26" X 3" w""" - --,


3132~ PLYWOOD SIDES
An TO SEAT
31:'2/1 PLY ST IFFENER 7/8" 5QLONGERmiS AND
AT L/GSHOCKST!'1lfrFI :t: F U SF l_AGETR~ 5S

,I
~
:C
# 1695 STREAM -
L IN EDREARSH~UT
t
1-1/ 2/1 X' 12 GA
ROU ND STRUT
SPRING-LOADED SHOCK
5T RuTO R 1-1I2" XI6GA
STRUT IF AIRW HEEl_S
ARE EMPLOYED

INSTRUMENT PANEL AND BASIC FLIGHT INSTR'MTS.


3/4" X I" COMPRESSION STRUTS

4-314" X I" MAIN SPARS

3/32" STR.ANDED STEEL DRAG WIRES

3/32" STRANDED STEEL BRACE WIRES

...;.' _ _ - =IF 1667 STR.EAMLINE STRUTS

TURTLEBACK AND FU5lLAGE FAIRING STRINGERS

#14GA HARDWIREBRACING

OVERALL SPAN-27'-3"~
SEE DETAIL BELOW FOR I
CONSTRUCTION OF STAB.,
EU:VATORS, FIN t. RUDDER

PERFORMANCE
MAXIMUM SPEED 62 MPH
CRUISING SPEED 55 MPH
'Y."""_3/113" COTTER PIN LANDING SPEED. .3S MPH
INITIAL RATE OF CLIMB ... 200 FPM

mbc~
,,"0 WITH 2(J/30HP FORD MODEL r ENGINE
'RUSS
,"~'-"'~C--------
16GA
5 H:EL
HINGE5
,-
"T
t
E j 3/16")( 112H SRRUCE RIBS ROUTED 3/16"

-----

/
.T
.~
I f' - .-
III 'V ' "LP E_T~E~Ne:-~_O",L~Sc:-K_Y~S~C~O_U~~
r
--~.. ~~

t
*,'
LIE SPAR MAIN SPARS TIE SPAR o 2.34557
SECTIONS THRU SPARS ~-------- " . 3 .. ------~_11
TYPICAL TAIL CONSTRUCTION &. HINGE DETAILS
jolon'

SlOE VIEW OF" THE


COMpLETE CONTROLS

This drawing shows the o;:omp1ete assembly of thl' controls, which fire instaUl'd in thl' conventional m,nnl'r. Aill'ron,
elevator, and rudder horns and other details wHi be found on the slTu.ller worMing draw ings. If you are not In I!xpert
at welding, this work should be sent out, as failure of the controls has an annoying inclination to bl'come embarrassing.

Tack a piece 60 in . wide the full length of the wing After you ha ve your ship complete, that is,
a/l around the edge, bottom sid e fir st. Give the edge the motor in, tail group on, all controls in , and are
a coat of dope, turn the win g over and do the sa me ready for the wing, make up your center struts like
on lop. drawings {see next installme ntj, all brace wires
Now sew the cloth to the ribs in the regUlar made, get about four extra helpers, put the wing
manner, put on a coat of dope, then all the tape on the center struts and line up.
and patches around fitting s :md give the wing fOUl' Next bave someone hold up the cnds of tile
extra coats of dope (five in all). wing so that it will have a little dihedral, and meas
The last two coals may be colo red . I advise a ure the length of the front flying struts . These
light coat of paint on the wing if you .....ish the cloth should both be exactly the same length. Woen
to last a long time , although this makes the Ship these are in place, do th e sam e with the r(l:lr flying
ha rder to patch . struts. Now make the flying or bra ce wires. Hook
Just a little warning, be sure and put the !tap up the ailerons, safety all turnbuckles and your
in the center. A lot of those building the Air Cam p- ship should be r eady to go.
er did not do this but put a large opening instead I will likely get a lot of lette rs saying that I
and spoiled the climb of the ship . Remember that did not coyer the whole ship, but if I were to do
you cannot have all the features of a high powere d this it would tak e more spare than this wh ole mag
plane in a small Ford powered shi p and expect it azine.
to fly well. And the flap is one of the things that I personally think that if you cannot build a
makes these ships a success. ship from the plans alone, that all the instructions
The first thing to remem ber in building a low it would be possible to write would not do you muth
powered ship is to keep the weight down and to good,
keep the eiliciency up. But as I said before, if you know your stuff,
40
[j1{J ~ llitl
r
'UO L

1.10' ~ [N O 8RACKET
OETAI L OF" GUIOE .~D , . G'"
PULLEY FOR AILEAON CAB LE.
BLoeM B Ol.'U:O
:J $ TR T
,.
,I

,,, .,
-
IIIQ"' (
you may be able t o make improv'emcnts in this ship
("-" and I wou ld lik e to hear fro m those doing it, as it
is one of my greatest des ires to see the lightplan e

P
.L
-~

!!;
develo ped int o one of the s afest and be st spo r ts
there is.
t believe this to be th e safest hghtplanc there
is, and if this d esign is a start in that directi on it h as
aU bee n well worth the time we have pu t into it. But
those of you who wish on ly to build so that they
will ha ve something to fly had better build it ex
.
BEARI NG PLATE
actly as the pla ns, and you will be slire of having
a s hip that is very ea~ y to handle . It is cheap to 1~~~1~-~-~~:.~-~~c;; 2-IlEQ'O Ie, G'"

run and wiH land and take off at a fi eld where the ASSEM8 LY or BELL CRANK
average OX5 job, or similar pO\vered ship . wou ld 00 MOW"" ON r uStLA G[ ~t l\"'l $ ~

completely out of luck . H ere .. re mon~working draw ings for the con
"
rt
l am sure if you ever come to our field and see
IrO'I fittings. Dimens;ons for th. construction
of the bell crank and guide pulleys for Ihe
'0 these s hips fly you will agree that these planes ... ileron cab let. li re show n abOv e.
will do all we claim the y will - and the n some.
If you fell ows are going to build thjs ship for
is. the Model T motor , well and good, but if it goes A longer mount will have to be put on the ship
r. for t h e Pack mag Twin, th en here 's a word or two and it s hould extend 13 in. farther out than the
k. on that motor a nd what it will do to your ship. Ford T due to its lower weight of 120 lbs.
es It was originally de signed by Earl D. Hilburn The Cross Country ca n be CO w led in to make
ng for use with all of the type of ships whkh can be the ship have Army type loo ks and this is always
I own with around 30-40 hp . She wa s built at the something to be d esi red - a classy ship .
h, ~1E C I1ANICAL PACKAGE MAGAZINE 'S Experi I don 't know about the proposition of floats
IS' m en t ~tation, and , after considerable machining, with a Model T. 1 d o know you can ' t use them as
:se took final fo rm and was test ed in a ship like the t he m ot or won 't ha ve enough soup. The usual pro-
en Ai r Cam per. cedure for any land plane which performs well as
ng This mo tor sells in th e rough cas ting form for l la nd pl a ne is to adrt 50 pe rcent more power when
ok $75.00, and in the fini sh ed machin ed form for used as a sea pl ane.
,ur $261.00. It will make thi s plane have pursuit ship Tl1is is because of the increased resistance of
performance and it will be able to carry consider the fl oats , which have their highest resistance just
I I abl e p ay load, although the fu selage is not stressed before they begin to plane. After that they become
do fo r two-place work . I imagine a top speed of 95 less and less drag until they take a U and the ship's
ag m iles and an eve n lower land ing s peed due to high es t s peed is reached, which of course means
lower weight would give this s hip some real soup . that the drag has reached th e highest proportions
I a It is not n ecessary to have very elabora te ma 4
possible with that power.
lnS chin e shop eqUipment to build the engine. If you Next chapter we will take up the engine de 4

ICh hav'e a smaJi lathe, the cylinders can be bought ma- tails and the meth od of mounting the good old
chine d , a nd then the crankcase and the shaft and Mod el T , which , after all. is t he ideal for this ship
Iff . all ca n be bought as is ne<.:essa ry . as she was designed .
41
Engine Details of the "Sky Scout"
Here we ro und the pylo n on t he home stT'etch in one of the most popu-
lar how-ta-build slOTi es we hove ever published. T his series on building
the Sk y Scout , slightly smaller sister to the Model A powered Air
Campe r, is second only itl" p opularity to Ol e series n m on the building
of t hat famous ship. Here are finis hing d etaUs oj motor c07lversion,
operation, ~hip Jini:>hin g attd fl yin g hints, Bank her over an d rip in!

For th e be nefit of t hose reade rs wh o may h a ve which is now obtainable in the FLYING and GLID
skipped ove r the first two chapte r s of tbis article ER MANUAL.
in their eage rness to ge t to the e ng ine conversion Mode l T Ford Motor Used
plans prese nted herewith, let me summarize what The Sky Sco ut, howe ver , instead of being a
we have gone over. two'seater, and lIsing the 3840 hp model A ('on
As you know if you re ad th ese fir st two parts, version, makes use of the cheaply obtainable model
the Sky Scout is a s lightl y smaller ve rsion of the T motor, and is a oneseater in which a student
famous model " A " powe red Ai r Ca mper whkh was can pile up hours at low expense .
published in this magaZine abou t a year ago, and It is a ship for which an identification num

Th ~ fittl~ Sky Scout Is ~ny to service. H~r~


we h ave o~ of Doug Rolfe' s famous wilmes
showi l1!iJ the sca le appe,rarn:e of men working
on the motor. Check th e works .... ~ry t ime
you put th e ship up ,fter flying, ... -ch.c k be
fore fly ing, and you ' ll never have motor trou
ble up aloft. To Ih. I, ft is sltown how the gu
lin~ Is d rawn from th e center section lank
end run to the motor. V isibility is bHt.r than
aven9*:. And IDOt .t the ~qu i pment - in-
struments ~ you e." get ehNply to aid you
in -acc:ur,'o $O'Ie fl ying. Use 'em !
ber can be had from the Department of Commerce, sizes of these two motors, bu t you will need a new
and while I have heard that a few overzealous in engine bearer if you use an A, and also put the
spectors will grou nd a ship if it doesn't have a "C" wing about an inch ahead .
of some kind, you will find that all state legisla- Modr:1 A Carburetor FQ't'ored
tion hinge!> UpOII the Federal air laws, and that any We did not make plans for the motor as evcry
one can fl y for himself on an unlicensed Held in an one has his ow n ideas on t he subject.
unlicensed ship if he wishes. All that the states ask As long as they cool well and oil well they all
is th at the Federal laws be observed and that un work about the same in a n airp lane as in a ca r.
licensed ships not be Hown from licensed airports . The following cha nges were made. A model A car
So much for our introduction. buretor was used. Cut off the intake flange where
Part one took up the buHding of the fuselage the carburetor was fa stened and weld it back on
ilnd the wings. so that a model A carburetor will fit. See drawing .
Part two explained the landing gear, tail sur Exhaust stack!; arc put on . Aluminum pistons
faces , and con trol system . were installed. The r egular head and valves were
Now, in part three , we will have a little word used (putting in large r valves won't help - the
to say about the minor fittings, the Hnishing of the passagf:!s aren 't big enough to let the gas flow any
ship, and the method of fixing up what little con faster J. Th e end of th e camshaft was fixed for a
version work th ere is to making the Model T a good tachometer drive as was shown on the drawings in
airplane engine. the Manual and prints for the A conversion. Be sure
We will take the power plant first , as the whole and put In a tacill)m elf:!r. They are very necessary
ship is or course built for the motor it will be and don't cost mu ch .
using. A fellow had an Ai r Campel' here this sum
This ship wa s built for the model T of course, mer without a ny instrume nts in it. I flew it but
but Illay I say that the cowling is big e nough for surely did not like it that way. I say, the more in
the model A. There is not much difference in the struments the bette r. We use a complete set on all

(4AUn .. ,

soU)[ ~"'~'
TI) Ti04( . ' ' ' . '
1'ilI
C:JlA ... t.\U ', .i
\. ' "
20 GA.
f Ll ~ \ ttG
2" D!A.II.

Dl:TAIU 0' 'TI'.[


JOININC PLATE ANO
OIL RETAINING CUP

SCII:(~ A~(
~LOt~tO
IN (;O\ltll

.' ': [ci\~~


WAILS 0' TWE 1I(~LAC:lr.!CNT CHANNEL 5T(L f
[XHAUST STACKS HUB PLATES ~AGNE TO SUPPORT
$" CHAr.!
IZ' (lA. STIEEL

By $tudylng thi$ dr.wlng you will lee how eny it is to conv.,t the "T" Ford for the Sky Scout. No water pump is needed.
lEt O(T,t,I L5

.1I ,,'lT C[o;T(A


.-:'--'
.....<.--;C:,~ C;C ~~ :~~ 0' [ ~ O S 0'
SYII",U
r L~ I~ G ~T ~UT
r~VOf'$ OU T$'D E nVIN G 5T" U'T'S
-i
Of' f I TH NIO _ _ _
,,,
I\I\~ IfHI7 $TRt"'M L I~E

CUT OUT Ii.. . ~


.... 0 "'(LSIO
TO~ni'!("

~ ' ~ N

t-'"
I N SIDE ~rniNG

UPP ER ENG/N t M OUNT


~. ---.., FIT TINGS FOR T HE U PPER

BENDING
O IJ f310( r lTT ING
UPP ER ENGINE MOUNT
~ G
L .'-_ ' 2 G.... ST L.
_ _ _~ ~ '.
BACK PLA"T E r OR THE
R(A R CENHR STRUT
i AtO y'.!O or I. GAG l.: nUL

UPPER ENGI NE MO UN T
AND REAR CE NTER STRUT DETAILS
R[INF"ORC ING r - II mul .. r Q o~ I."... SH OCK ST RUT FI"T TI NG
" "Here Ire shown (ompl.te dimensions of the upper ,nglne mount
0' ... " ... .o-II Etl' l)

pletes Ind of the strut fittings and turnbuckles.

AlwaY5 warm the ship up


a little befon faking off.
See that thll oil is wa rmed
all through, and ,h.lt th e
water ilnd valvlI! have
warmed up. SOma pae lo..
have f. lt the y wue driv
ing a car with these mo
ton. Be senslble!-lt PIYs
to tlk. painl!

The Sky Scout is but II few


inches luge r t han a
Heath, but a few inches
smilller than an Air C.mp
er. II wiil fl y niul y on
Ih e Modlll T Fo rd engi ne
.and is very rugged . The
~ h l p willal~o make a lIery
high spIed " hot " ship
wilh a Paclc MI 9 "Cron
Country Twin" 40 hp twin
opposed mo tor. Note fl.a p
in rear of win g to adm ii
pilot to cockpit.
ENO SlOE VIEW ~NOview
ASSEMBLY OF THE OUTER ASSEMBLY or
T r1E CE NTER
FLYING STRUT FITTING FLYING STRUT FITTINGS
NOT: U~ TH~ ~AIoI( ASSEloleLY ~OR rllt I O'T'~ ~"A""

t'F,F'-t-:tf(""' 'i"
OUTER STRUT FITTING ON WING SPAR
.. -'T'HUS I\EQ.'O o~ II GA .

c1t'lU'~
r<J>-.(
( J;"?
...I ~
." <l>-+r-H>
"i"
CENTER STRUT FIT TING FTG.O N CENTER.
ON WING SPAR STRU T FIT TIN"

Here are th e dd a il ~ of th e
cenler section struts and
the ~ileron pulley fittin9s.
ttr:;::JfF;j
r-""~RACKET r OR PUL L E Y
,,-TH US IIlQ 'O O F 13 GA.
The!e dUlwings ne.d no
expl~n .. tions.

O~ 13 GAGE

our ships.
The magneto is driven in a left hand direction,
direct fr om the cran kshaft.
BeUer USe a good milg, as I have seen a lot of
the old D U 4s go bad when they are flown in hot
weather. Also, a new mag weighs about 7 1/:! lbs.
where the old ones weighed about 14 Ibs. Although
we have one of the old mags on a ship at present.
and it seems to work fine. The propeller hub is
made as on the model A. except that it is necessary
to use a nut on the engine side as the flange is not
threaded.
We use a gear driven oil pump from an old
A,:e motor. built by Horace Kean in New York
about 191 9. We have <I hollow drilled shaH and
carry three quarts of oil, although any good oil
system will work . Don't favor splash so much for
mode! Ts as they have bent hair pins for crank-
shafts dnd the bearings are sma ll , although the
shafts are built of the best stuff money can buy for
crankshafts.
Thermo-Syphon Cooling
The therm o-syphon system is used. The block This will give you lin intimate glimpse .t
is fitted with a I lj:t ill. outl et near the top front of the uli.nt points of the T conversion liS used
in the Sky Scout. The McCord rldi.tor,
the motor (see drawing) opposite the place where bearing lubdutor lind other puts .re shown
it was on the motor, and this runs to the radiator es per drawJn9s elsewhere in this seri.s,
top. A drculating pump could be used in warm
""

The same sturdy, ample


f itting5 gf simj:1le- design
.re used on t .... Sky Scoul
IS were used on t .... Air
C.mper, wit'" only minor
cf1.ng.s. All bend must
b ..,ad. ,,10_1.,., and don ..
cold. It '$. import.nt th.t all
welding be well done.

weather, and would be better , but we have had no the ne\..., al umi nu m Hitefit piston s , which must be
trouble as on one instance Don to'inke fl ew a sh ip used any way , l'a n be cut to fit t he new job just as
from Spring Valley, Minn., where \ve have our well as an old one . Old T blocks used with the ca sl
sho ps , up to Mi.nneapoli s, a distance of 150 some iron pis to ns ve ry soo n run out o f round, and are
odd bee line miles , and he ran into some hot, dry hogs on oj! as most of you know . With aluminum
wea th er, then a thunder and rain storm. The motor pistons c ut with .007 in. skirt clearance and .025 in .
never co ughed , bu t kept s lam ming along. head and ring gland clearance . the oil pumping
The radi a tor was made from a 1926 Macord and the bl ow-by ('ompre ssion losses are cut way
Ford radia tor cut in two and one h al f put in back down. Th e pisto ns are sold in the rough and are
of the other. This makes a better look ing job. Bet fitt ed for any prescribed diameter at the tim e of
t~r have a tins mith do this job well for you. In re- selli ng .
gard to the radiator , lot s of those building the Air Here a re some of the sa lient figures that read-
Cam per asked why I did not put th e radiator below ers will be wanting in connectio n with the m otor
the fu sel age. We have tried this on two ships and and the business end o f th4:! ship . The we ight of th(,!
in both cases t he climb o f the ship was poor, the prop is about 12 Ibs. The weight of the molor dry
top spee d five miles less. Th e motor ove rhe at ed, is about 185 lbs . Th e weight of the radiator is 15
and the draft and lack of supporting wind stream Ibs. The job holds 4 tits . of oil which weigh 7 lbs.,
ma de the sh ip v~ry tail heavy. Carr ied a passenger and the cooling system hold s 3 gals., or about 20 lbs.
with difficulty and weighed more, and the same I woutd say that this four is about 32 hp. It
would hold true o n the Sky Scout here. turns a Lawrem:e prop 1500 rpm and the govern-
Th ~ vis ion on these ships is good and the radi- ment figures show that this prop requires 28 hp
aLar does no t bother. In fact , the vision is better at ]400 revs.The m odel A will not turn this prop
than o ne of the Air Campers using a Velie motor. over 50 turns faster.
It will not be necessary to use a n ew Ford T The prope ller is 6 ft. warn . by 42 in . pitch
block (or the ship. We can arrange a regrind job and turns anti-clockwise. This is a Flottorp prop. It
a t a dollar an inch of bo re on any old block , so t hat will turn from 1650 to 1740 on the ground, depend
46
Here are the details for the fittings used on
the fuselage end of the new V-type Pieten-
pol landing gear. All bolt holes must be
snug fit5.

Lng on the da)'. It cruises at 1600 to 1650 in the


air and will turn 1850 in the air wide open.
The weight of the fuselage less cloth and :netal
fittings is 43 Ibs. with turtleback and instrument
board. The weight of the tail unit less cloth and
horn:-; is \P 1 Ibs. Each landing gear V weighs 5 Ib.').

...
Sho('k struts weigh 31, ':: lbs. earh. Weights of other
components have been giv('n in other installments .

47