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Calculation Report

Structure of Pagoda

1. GENERAL

1.1 SCOPE

This calculation sheet is purposed to detail design for Pagoda

1.2 CODES AND STANDARD

1.2.1 Uniform Building Code, UBC 1997


1.2.2 American Society of Civil Engineers, ASCE 7 -98
1.2.3 Indonesian regulation NI-18
1.2.4 American Welding Society
1.2.5 American Institute of Steel Construction
1.2.6 American Society for Testing and Materials
127
1.2.7 Building Code Requirement for Reinforce Concrete ACI 318

1.3 REFERENCES

1.3.1 Architectural Drawing

1 4 DESIGN BASIS
1.4

1.4.1 Material
- Concrete : Compressive strength of concrete :
f'c = 280 kg/cm2
- Rebar : Yield strength of steel fy = 4200 kg/cm2
- Steel Structure : ASTM A-36
fy = 2400 kg/cm2
- Structural bolt : ASTM A-325
- Anchor bolt : ASTM A-307

1.4.2 Loading data

1.4.2.1 Dead Load (D)

The Dead Load is the load of the structure itself and soil on footings . The values of all dead loads shall
comply with ASCE 7 except for those materials listed in Table-1.
Calculation Report
Structure of Pagoda

Table-1
Dead Loads of Major
j Materials
Material Dead
Load
(t/m3)
Reinforced Concrete 2.4
Plain Concrete 2.3
Structural Steel 7.85
Soil 1.8

- Main Structure (Column & Beam) = Structural Steel


- Secondary Structure (Plate Slab, Staircase) = Structural Steel

1.4.2.2 Live Load (L)

- Live
Li load
l d on floor
fl
Live loads are all the moving loads including personnels, tools, miscellaneous
equipment, movable partitions, and stores material.
For Structure of Pagoda
a. operating area
: 500 kg/m2
- Live load on roof
Li e load on various
Live ario s ttype
pe of roofs shall be as per req irements gi
requirements en in ANSI/ASCE 7/98 :
given

Lr = 0.96 x R1 x R2 where 0.58 < Lr < 0.96


where Lr is roof live load per unit area of horizontal projection in kN/m2.
R1 = 1 for At < 18.58 m2
1.2 - 0.01076 for 18.58 m2 < At < 18.58 m2
0.6 for At > 55.74 m2
where At is tributary area in m2, supported by any structural member.
R2 = 1 for F < 4
1.2 - 0.05 F for 4 < F < 12
0.6 for F > 12
where F is 0.12 x slope (%)
Calculation Report
Structure of Pagoda

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1.4.2.3 Wind Load (W)
Table -3
Velocity pressure at height z above ground
height Kz qz
(m) (N/m2)
0.0 - 4.6 0.85 505.00
4.6 - 6.1 0.90 535.00
6.1 - 7.6 0.94 559.00
7.6 - 9.1 0.98 582.00
9.1 - 12.2 1.04 618.00
12.2 - 15.2 1.09 648.00
15.2 - 18.0 1.13 671.00
18.0 - 21.3 1.17 695.00
21.3 - 24.4 1.21 719.00
24.4 - 27.4 1.24 737.00
27.4 - 30.5 1.26 749.00
30.5 - 36.6 1.31 778.00
36.6 - 42.7 1.36 808.00
42.7 - 48.8 1.39 826.00

F =P.Af (N)

g wind force ((N))


F : design
Af : projected area normal to wind obtain from table below
p : wind pressure (rigid buildings of all height)
= qGCp - qi (Gcpi) (N/m2)
qz : velocity pressure at height z above ground (see table-3)
= 0.613 .Kz .Kzt .Kd . V2 I (N/m2)

V : basic wind speed


I : importace factor
= 1.15 (for category III)
G : gust effect factor
= 0.85 (for exposure C)
Cp : external pressure coefficient, as shown in ASCE7-98 FIGURE 6-3
(see table-I, II & Figure-1)
GCpi : internal pressure coefficient, as shown in ASCE7-98 FIGURE 6-3.
(see table-IV)
table IV)
Calculation Report
Structure of Pagoda

Figure-I
qh GCp qh GCp qh GCp
qz GCp
qz GCp
θ

Wind
B qh GCp Z qh GCp
h

qh GCp L
L
ELEVATION
PLAN

Table - II

Wall pressure Coefficient, Cp


Surface L/B Cp Use with
Windward wall All values 0.8 qz
0-1 - 0.5
Leeward wall 2 - 0.3 qh
>= 4 - 0.2
Sidewall All values - 0.7 qh

Table - III

Roof Pressure Coefficient, Cp for use with qh


Windward a (degrees) leeward a (degrees)
Wind direction h/L
10 15 20 10 15 >=20
- 0.3
<= 0.25
0 25 - 0.7
07 - 0.5
05 - 0.3
03 - 0.5
05 - 0.6
06
0.2
Normal to ridge for a >= 10
0.5 - 0.9 - 0.7 - 0.4 - 0.5 - 0.5 - 0.6
>= 1.0 - 1.3 - 1.0 - 0.7 - 0.7 - 0.6 - 0.6
horizontal distance from windward edge Cp
0 to h/2 - 0.9
0.5 h/2 to h - 0.9
Normal to ridge for a < 10 and
h to 2h - 0.5
parallel to ridge for all a
> 2h - 0.3
o to h/2 - 1.3
>= 1.0
> h/2 - 0.7

1.4.2.5 Seismic Load (S)

(1). The total lateral force (V) shall be calculated conservatively by the fol. formula:
The force mayy be assumed to act nonconcurrentlyy in the direction of each principle
p p axis of
the structures.

For all types of structures :

V = Cd x W = (2.5 x Ca x I) x W / R
Calculation Report
Structure of Pagoda

Z= seismic zone factor SMRF = Special Moment Resisting Frame


Ca = seismic coefficient OMRF = Ordinary Moment Resisting Frame
I= importance factor EBF = Eccentrically Braced Frame
R= structural system factor OBF = Ordinary Braced Frame
Cd = Coefficient of lateral Soil Type = SD
eartquake force

UBC 1997 Zone - 2A , Z = 0.15


Structures Type Component
Ca I R Cd
STEEL FRAME SYSTEM
Steel ordinary moment-resisting frame OMRF 0.22 1.0 4.5 0.122
Steel ordinary braced frame OBF 0.22 1.0 5.6 0.098

(2). Seismic dead load , W, is the total dead load and applicable proportions of other loads
listed below.
a. In storage and warehouse occupancies, a minimum of 25 percent of the floor live load
b. Where a partition load is used in the floor design, a load of not less than 10 psf (50 kg /

(3). Vertical Distribution of Force

The total lateral force shall be distributed over the height of the structure, as
follows :

V = Ft + ΣFi
( V- Ft ) wx hx
Fx =
Σ wi hi
i=1

Where,

Ft (lateral force in top) = 0.07TV, T is fundamental period of structure, and Ft need not
exceed 0.25 V and may be considered as zero where T is 0.7 seconds or less.
T = Elastic fundamental period of vibration, in seconds, of the structure in the direction under
consideration.

T = Ct(hn)3/4

Where Ct = numerical coefficient


Steel moment-resisting frames = 0.0853
R.C.moment-resisting
R C moment-resisting frames = 0.0731
0 0731
Others = 0.0488
hn = height of building or structure(m)

Fx, Fi, Fn = Lateral force applied to Level x, i and n, respectively.

hx, hi, hn = Height above base to level x, i and n, respectively.

wx wi
wx, = That portion of W which is located at or is assigned to Level x
and i, respectively.
Level i = Level of the structure referred to by subscript.

Level x = Level of the structure referred to by subscript.

Level n = Upper most level of structure.


Calculation Report
Structure of Pagoda

1.4.3 Deflections

a.The limiting permissible vertical deflection for structural steel members shall be as specified below
unless specified in vendor's requirement
- Purlins supporting any type of roofing material under (dead load+live : L/200
load) or (dead load+wind load) conditions
- Other structure/structural component : L/200
Wh
Where L represents
t the
th span.

b. The limiting permissible horizontal deflection for multi storied steel structure/building shall be height/200
except for height/325 of crane girder.