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Confusion

Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc
Confusion
Therefore, PCI
planning must
ensure that the
PCI is free from
confusion and
collision.In
addition, PCI
planning must
comply with the
following
principles:

If a serving cell
is configured with
intra-frequency
neighboring cells
with
stronginterference,
the neighboring
cells cannot use the
same PCI as the
serving cell.
This principle does not
apply to inter-frequency
neighboring cells.
At the edge of a
serving cell, the pilot
signals transmitted
by the neighboring
cell arestronger than
the receive signal
level of the
UE.Interference
occurs if a UE
receives weak pilot
signals from non-
neighboring
nearbycells at the
edge of the serving
cell. In this case,
these nearby cells
can adopt thesame
PCI as the serving
cell only when the
interference level is
lower than
theassociated
threshold.The cells
that do not interfere
with the serving cell
can adopt the same
PCI as theserving
cell.

Pilot symbol
positions
of neighboring cell
are staggered to the
maximum
extent.The position
of an LTE pilot
symbol is associated
with the PCI code
assigned by the cell.
To prevent
interference
between pilot
symbols and
improve overall
network
performance,
the pilot symbol of
the serving cell
cannot be
located side by side
with those of
neighboringcells.
The position of pilot
symbols in the
frequency domain is
determined by PCI
MOD 3in two- and
four-antenna
scenarios and by PCI
MOD 6 in the
single-antenna
scenario.

PCI planning is
performed easily and
facilitates future
network expansion.
The PCIs of thesame
eNodeB must belong
to the same PCI
group, and the PCIs
of the neighboring
eNodeBmust belong
to a different PCI
group from those of
the current eNodeB.

For indoor coverage


scenarios, PCIs are
planned as follows:

If only few RRUs


cover an indoor area
(typically in early
site deployment
stages) andmacro
eNodeBs are used for
coverage, PCIs can
be planned in the
same way for indoor
andoutdoor
scenarios.

If a large number of
RRUs cover an
indoor area,
PCIs must be
planned separately
forindoor and
outdoor scenarios,
and PCIs can be
reused to the
maximum extent.
To guarantee the
collision and
confusion do not
occur, the sites
location must be
defined before the
PCI planning. The
changing of sites
location will bring
us a lot of
troubles,maybe
we need to re-
planning PCI and
it will also affect
the network
performanc