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Mechanical Engineering
Q. No. 1 to 25 Carry One Mark Each

1. A mass m of a perfect gas at pressure p1 and volume V1 undergoes an isothermal process. The
final pressure is p2 and volume is V2. The work done on the system is considered positive. If R
is the gas constant and T is the temperature, then the work done in the process is
V2 p1 V2 p2
(A) p1V1 ln (B) p1V1 ln (C) RT ln (D) mRT ln
V1 p2 V1 p1
Key: (B)
Exp: Isothermal work done, W   pdV
For isothermal, pV= C
p1V1  pV  C  constant 
V2
dV
so, W  p1V1 
V1
V
V  p 
W  p1V1 n  2   p1V1 n  1  ( p1V1  p 2 V2 )
 V1   p2 

2. Which one of the following statements is TRUE for the ultrasonic machining (USM) process?
(A) In USM, the tool vibrates at subsonic frequency.
(B) USM does not employ magnetostrictive transducer.
(C) USM is an excellent process for machining ductile materials.
(D) USM often uses a slurry comprising abrasive-particles and water.
Key: (D)

3. The standard deviation of linear dimensions P and Q are 3 m, respectively. When assembled,
the standard deviation (in m ) of the resulting linear dimension (P+Q) is ________
Key: 5
Exp: Given that
Standard deviate of P is 3 m  Variance of P is 9 m
Standard deviation of Q is 4 m  Variance of Q is 16 m
Variance of P + Q = Var (P+Q) = Variance P + Variance Q
= 9 + 16= 25
 Standard deviation of P + Q = + Variance = + 25 = 5

4. The emissive power of a blackbody is P. If its absolute temperature is doubled, the emissive
power becomes.
(A) 2P (B) 4P (C) 8P (D) 16P
Key: (D)
Exp: Emissive power of black body  E b   T 4
Given  E b 1  P  T 4

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now T  2T
 Eb 2    2T   16T 4   E b 2  16P
4

5. The state of stress at a point is x   y  z  xz  zx   yz  zy  0 and  xy   yx  50MPa .


The maximum normal stress (in MPa) at that point is _________
Key: 50
Exp: It is a pure torsion case in 2D
xy   yx  50MPa
 0,  

xy

 for pure Torsion, 0,   


xy
1
xy   yx  1
So maximum Normal stress 1  50MPa

6. The determinant of a 2×2 matrix is 50. If one eigenvalue of the matrix is 10, the other
eigenvalue is ___________
Key: 5
Exp: Given that det of 2×2 Matrix is 50 and are Eigen Value is 10.
 Other Eigen value is 5  det  product of eigenvalues 

7. Which one of the following statement is TRUE?


(A) Both Pelton and Francis turbines are impulse turbines.
(B) Francis turbine is a reaction turbine but Kaplan turbine is an impulse turbine.
(C) Francis turbine is an axial – flow reaction turbine.
(D) Kaplan turbine is an axial – flow reaction turbine.
Key: (D)

8. Two coins are tossed simultaneously. The probability (upto two decimal points accuracy) of
getting at least one head is ____________
Key: 0.75
Exp: Total No of outcomes when two coins are tossed is 4 and sample space
S  HH, HT,TH,TT
Favorable out comes for existence of at least one head are HH, HT, TH.
3
Required probability =  0.75
4

9. A cantilever beam of length L and flexural modulus EI is subjected to a point load P at the free
end. The elastic strain energy stored in the beam due to bending (neglecting transverse shear)
P 2 L3 P 2 L3 PL3 PL3
(A) (B) (C) (D)
6EI 3EI 3EI 6EI
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Key: (A)
Exp: M x   P.x x P
L 2 2 2
M dx P x dx
U   x

2EI 2EI L
0 x x
P 2 L3
U
6EI

10. It is desired to make a product having T-shaped cross-section from a rectangular aluminium
block. Which one of the following processes is expected to provide the highest strength of the
product?
(A) Welding (B) Casting (C) Metal Forming (D) Machining
Key: (C)

11. The heat loss from a fin is 6W. The effectiveness and efficiency of the fin are 3 and 0.75,
respectively. The heat loss (in W) from the fin, keeping the entire fin surface at base
temperature, is __________.
Key: 8
Exp: Given QLoss  6W
  3,   0.75
Q Qloss
  act 
Q max Heat loss keep entire fin as base temperature
6
Q max   8W
0.75

12. For a single server with Poisson arrival and exponential service time, the arrival rate is 12 per
hour. Which one of the following service rates will provide a steady state finite queue length?
(A) 6 per hour (B) 10 per hour (C) 12 per hour (D) 24 per hour
Key: (D)
Exp:   12 / hour
For steady state finite queue length

So,   24 / hour

13. For the stability of a floating body the


(A) centre of buoyancy must coincide with the centre of gravity
(B) centre of buoyancy must be above the centre of gravity
(C) centre of gravity must be above the centre of buoyancy
(D) metacentre must be above the centre of gravity
Key: (D)
Exp: Stability of floating body is measure with the help of Meta center.
Floating body to be stable, Meta center must be above C.G
I
 MG   BG ,

For stability MG > 0

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14. The divergence of the vector yi  xj __________


Key: 0

Exp: Let F   yi  xj
  
derivation F    y    x   0
x y

15. For a loaded cantilever beam of uniform cross-section, the bending moment (in N.mm) along
the length is M(x) = 5x2+10x, where x is the distance (in mm) measured from the free end of
the beam. The magnitude of shear force (in N) in the cross-section at x =10 mm is ________.
Key: 110
d
Exp:  S.F  (B.M)
dx
S.F   5x 2  10x 
d
dx
S.f  10x  10   S.F  x 10mm  10  10  10  110N

16. A sample of 15 data is a follows: 17, 18, 17, 17, 13, 18, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 20, 17, 3. The mode of
the data is
(A) 4 (B) 13 (C) 17 (D) 20
Key: (C)
Exp: We know that mode is the value of the data which occurred most of
17 is mode

17. If a mass of moist air contained in a closed metallic vessel is heated, then its
(A) relative humidity decreases (B) relative humidity increases
(C) specific humidity increases (D) specific humidity decreases
Key: (B)

18. In a slider-crank mechanism, the lengths of the crank and the connecting rod are 100mm and
160mm, respectively. The crank is rotating with an angular velocity of 10 radian/s counter-
clockwise. The magnitude of linear velocity (in m/s) of the piston at the instant corresponding
to the configuration shown in the figure is _____________

Key: 1
 sin 2 
Exp: V  r sin  
 n 
if   90
 sin180o 
V  r  sin 90    0.1  1 sin 90   1m sec
 2n 

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19. A machine component made of a ductile material is subjected to a variable loading with
min  50 MPa and max  50 MPa. If the corrected endurance limit and the yield strength for
the material are 'e  100 MPa and  y  300MPa, the factor of safety is __________
Key: 2
Exp:  max  50MPa
 min   50MPa
 y  300MPa
e  100MPa
max  min 50  50
max   0
2 2
  min 50   50 
 v  max   50
2 2
max  v 1
 
 yt e F.S
0 50 1
 
300 100 F.S
F.S  2

20. The crystal structure of aluminium is


(A) body-centred cubic (B) face-centred cubic
(C) close-packed hexagonal (D) body-centred tetragonal
Key: (B)

21. A steel bar is held by two fixed supports as shown in the figure and is subjected to an increases
of temperature T  100C. and 200GPa, respectively, the magnitude of thermal stress (in
MPa) induced in the bar is __________.

Key: 220
Exp: Thermal Stress,
Th  ET  200 109 11106 100  220MPa

22. The Laplace transform of tet is


s 1 1 s
(A) (B) (C) (D)
 s  1  s  1  s  1 s 1
2 2 2

Key: (B)
 Leat f  t   F  s  a  
Lte  
1
Exp: t
;  
 s  1  where F  s   Lf  t  
2

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23. Consider a laminar flow at zero incidence over a flat plate. The shear stress at the wall is
denoted by  w . The axial positions x1 and x2 on the plate are measured from the leading edge
in the direction of flow. If x2 > x1, then
(A) w x1
 w x2
 0 (B) w x1
 w x2
 0 (C) w x1
 w x2
(D) w x1
 w x2

Key: (C)
Exp:  w 1   w 2
 u   u   u 
     w   
 y  
1  y
y 0  y 0 
2  y y 0 

24. A mass m is attached to two identical springs having spring constant k as shown in the figure.
The natural frequency  of this single degree of freedom system is
2k
(A)
m
k
(B)
m
k
(C)
2m
4k
(D)
m

Key: (A)
Exp: Equivalent stiffness keq = k + k = 2k
k eq 2k
Natural frequency,  n    n 
m m

25. Given the atomic weight of Fe is 56 and that of C is 12, the weight percentage of carbon in
cementite (Fe3C) is _________.
Key: 6.67
12
Exp: Percentage of carbon by weight in cementite =  100  6.67%
56  3  12

Q. No. 26 to 55 Carry Two Marks Each


26. In an orthogonal machining with a tool of 9° orthogonal rake angle, the uncut chip thickness is
0.2mm. The chip thickness fluctuates between 0.25 mm and 0.4 mm. The ratio of the
maximum shear angle to the minimum shear angle during machining is ___________
Key: 1.493
Exp:   9
t1  0.2mm
t c  0.25mm to 0.4mm

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r cos  t
 tan   , where r  1
1  r sin  tc
if t c  0.25mm, r  0.8 &   42.08o
if t c  0.4mm, r  0.5 &   28.18o
max 42.08
  1.493
min 28.18

27. A cylindrical pin of 250.020


0.010 mm diameter is electroplated. Plating thickness is 2.0
0.005
mm.
Neglecting the gauge tolerance, the diameter (in mm, up to 3 decimal points accuracy) of the
GO ring gauge to inspect the plated pin is _________.
Key: 29.030
Exp: Diameter of GO end of ring gauge = 25.02 + 2(2.005) = 29.030mm

28. A helical compression spring made of wire of circular cross-section is subjected to a


compressive load. The maximum shear stress induced in the cross-section of the wire is 24
MPa. For the same compressive load, if both the wire diameter and the mean coil diameter are
doubled, the maximum shear stress (in MPa) induced in the cross-section of the wire is _____.
Key: 6
8P.D
Exp: max 
d 3
Given, 1  24MPa
P1  P2 , d 2  2d1 , D 2  2D1
1 D1 d 32
 2 
24 1 3
so,  . 
2 D 2 d13 2 2
24
2  MPa
4
2  6MPa
29. In a counter-flow heat exchanger, water is heated at the rate of 1.5kg/s from 40°C to 80°C by
an oil entering at 120°C and leaving at 60°C. The specific heats of water and oil are 4.2kJ/kg.K and
2kJ/kg.K respectively. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 400 W/m2.K. The required heat
transfer surface area (in m2) is
(A) 0.104 (B) 0.022 (C) 10.4 (D) 21.84
Key: (D)
Exp: Given counter flow Heat Exchanger

Water – m c  1.5kg / s Oil - Th i  120C

Tci  40C Th o  60C Thi  120C
 
Tco  80C Tco  80C
C po  2kJ / kg.K
i  40
 Th o  60C 

C pc  4.2KJ / kg.K  o  20

Tci  40C 
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient = 400 W/m2K
Area (A) =?

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Thi  120C
 
Tco  80C
i  40
 Th o  60C 

  o  20
Tci  40C 

Q  UA  LMTD 

 

m c C pc Tco  Tci  UA  LMTD 

   1.5  4.2  80  40  10



m c Cpc Tco  Tci 3

A  21.83m 2  A  21.83m 2
   o   
U i  40  20
 n(i / o )  400  
 n 40
 
20  

30. The rod PQ of length L = 2 m, and uniformly distributed mass of


M = 10 kg, is released from rest at the position shown in the figure.
The ends slide along the frictionless faces OP and OQ. Assume
acceleration due to gravity, g = 10 m/s2. The mass moment of
inertia of the rod about its centre of mass and an axis perpendicular
to the plane of the figure is (ML2/12). At this instant, the magnitude
of angular acceleration (in radian/s2) of the rod is ____________
Key: 4.28
Exp: M  10kg
g 10m sec 2 0.5
I
2
ML2  L  ML2 ML2 7ML2
I  M   12  2  12 1
12  2
2
T   Mg  0.5   I 1m

 2
2
7  10  Mg
 10  10  0.5  
12
1m
  4.28rad sec 2

31. A steel plate, connected to a fixed channel using three identical bolts A, B and C, carries a
load of 6kN as shown in the figure. Considering the effect of direct load and moment, the
magnitude of resultant shear force (in kN) on bolt C is.

(A) 13 (B) 15 (C) 17 (D) 30

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Key; (C)
6
Exp: Pr imary shear   2kN
3
Secondaryshear 1500 kN  mm
 Pe  1500
M 2 2   0.3
 r1  r2   50  50 
2 2

R1A  R1C  C  r1  0.3  50  15kN


Resultant shear at 'C'  2  15 17 kN.
Resultant shear  15  2  17 kN.

32. The volume and temperature of air (assumed to be an ideal gas) in a closed vessel is 2.87 m3
and 300K, respectively. The gauge pressure indicated by a manometer fitted to the wall of the
vessel is 0.5bar. If the gas constant of air is R = 287 J/kg. K and the atmospheric pressure is 1
bar, the mass of air (in kg) in the vessel is
(A) 1.67 (B) 3.33 (C) 5.00 (D) 6.66
Key: (C)
Exp: V  2.87m 3 ; T  300K
Pgauge  0.5bar
R  287J / kg.K
Patm  1 bar
Pabs  Pg  Patm  1.5bar
PV  mRT
PV 1.5  105  2.87
So, m    5kg
RT 287  300

33. For the laminar flow of water over a sphere, the drag coefficient CF is defined as
CF  F /  U2 D2  , where F is the drag force,  is the fluid density, U is the fluid velocity and
D is the diameter of the sphere. The density of water is 1000 kg/m3. When the diameter of the
sphere is 100mm and the fluid velocity is 2m/s, the drag coefficient is 0.5. If water now flows
over another sphere of diameter 200mm under dynamically similar conditions, the drag force
(in N) on this sphere is _____________
Key: 80
F
Exp: CF 
U 2 D2
given, w  1000kg / m3 , C F  0.5
U  2m / s, D1  100mm; D 2  200mm
F1  CFU 2 D 2  0.5  1000  4  0.12  20N
 Dynamic similar condition
F  D2
2
F1  D1  1 1
   2 
F2  D 2  2 4
So, F2  4  F1  4  20  F2  80N

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34. A rod of length 20mm is stretched to make a rod of length 40 mm. Subsequently, it is
compressed to make a rod of final length 10mm. Consider the longitudinal tensile strain as
positive and compressive strain as negative. The total true longitudinal strain in the rod is
(A) –0.5 (B) –0.69 (C) –0.75 (D) –1.0
Key: (B)
Exp:  i  20mm  f  10mm
 truestrain,
   10 
True  n  f   n    0.69
 i   20 

35. A gear train shown in the figure consists of gears P, Q, R and S. Gear Q and gear R are
mounted on the same shaft. All the gears are mounted on parallel shafts and the number of
teeth of P, Q, R and S are 24, 45, 30 and 80, respectively. Gear P is rotating at 400 rpm. The
speed (in rpm) of the gear S is _________.

Key: 120

Exp: TP  24, TQ  45, TR  30, TS  80


N P  400rpm
N P .TP  N Q TQ
400  24
NQ   213.33rpm
45
N Q TQ  NSTS
213.33  45
NS   120rpm
80

36. In the Rankine cycle for a steam power plant the turbine entry and exit enthalpies are 2803 kJ/kg
and 1800 kJ/kg, respectively. The enthalpies of water at pump entry and exit are 121 kJ/kg and 124
kJ/kg, respectively. The specific steam consumption (in kg/k W.h) of the cycle is ______
Key: 3.6
Exp: Given h1  2803 kJ / kg, h 2  1800kJ / kg T
h 3  121kJ / kg, h 4  124kJ / kg 1
WT  h1  h 2  2803  1800  1003kJ / kg
Wp  h 4  h 3  124  121  3kJ / kg 4
2
3
Wnet  WT  WP  1000kJ / kg
3600
Specific Steam consumption   3.6kg / kWh
Wnet S

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37. A calorically perfect gas (specific heat at constant pressure 1000 J/kg.K) enters and leaves a gas
turbine with the same velocity. The temperatures of the gas at turbine entry and exit are 1100 K
and 400 K. respectively. The power produced is 4.6 MW and heat escapes at the rate of 300 kJ/s
through the turbine casing. The mass flow rate of the gas (in kg/s) through the turbine is.
(A) 6.14 (B) 7.00 (C) 7.50 (D) 8.00
Key: (B)
Exp: Given Cp  1000J / kgK
T1  1100K, P  4.6MW
T2  400K, Q L  300kJ / s P
 
E in  E out
V12 V2
h1   gz1  h 2  2  gz 2  Q L  P
2 2
 V1  V2 , Z1  Z2
1 2
So, h1  h 2  Q L  P

QL
m Cp  T1  T2   Q L  P

m
 300 10    4.6 10 

3 6

1000  1100  400 



m  7kg / sec

38. Three masses are connected to a rotating shaft supported on bearings A and B as shown in the
figure. The system is in a space where the gravitational effect is absent. Neglect the mass of
shaft and rods connecting the masses. For m1 = 10kg, m2 = 5kg and m3 = 2.5 kg and for a shaft
angular speed of 1000 radian/s, the magnitude of the bearing reaction (in N) at location B is
_________.

Key: 0
Exp:
m2 m2
120o
0.2

0.1
120o
m1
m1
0.1 0.1 0.4
120o

m3
m3

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m1  10kg, r1  0.1m
m 2  5kg , r2  0.2m
m3  2.5kg , r3  0.4m

F x  m1r1 cos 1  m 2 r2 cos 2  m3 r3 cos 3


 10  0.1 cos 0o   5  0.2  cos120o  2.5  0.4  cos 240o
 1  0.5  0.5  0
F y m1r1 sin 1  m 2 r2 sin 2  m3 r3 sin 3  0   5  0.2  sin120o   2.5  0.4sin 240o   0
R A  R B  0kN

39. A strip of 120 mm width and 8mm thickness is rolled between two 300 mm-diameter rolls to
get a strip of 120 mm width and 7.2 mm thickness. The speed of the strip at the exit is 30
m/min. There is no front or back tension. Assuming uniform roll pressure of 200 MPa in the
roll bite and 100% mechanical efficiency, the minimum total power (in kW) required to drive
the two rolls is _________.
Key: 262.9
Exp: Width = 120mm
Initial thickness to = 8mm
Diameter of Roller = 300mm
Radius of Roller = 150mm
Final thickness = 7.2mm
t 8  7.2
  
R 150
  4.18
length of contact  10.95mm
Force    A  200  120  10.95
F  262.9 KN
30
Power  F.V  262.9   131.45kW
60
Total min imum power for two Rollers  2  131.45  262.9kW

40. A product made in two factories p and Q, is transported to two destinations, R and S. The per
unit costs of transportation (in Rupees) from factories to destinations are as per the following
matrix:
Destination
R S
Factory
P 10 7
Q 3 4

Factory P produces 7 units and factory Q produces 9 units of the product. Each destination
requires 8 units. If the north-west corner method provides the total transportation cost as X (in
Rupees) and the optimized (the minimum) total transportation cost Y (in Rupees), then (X-Y),
in Rupees, is
(A) 0 (B) 15 (C) 35 (D) 105

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Key: Answer not in options.


Exp: R S
10 7
P 7
3 4
Q 9
8 8
By North West corner Rule
R S
P 10 7 7
Q 3 1 4 8

Total cost, x = 10×7+7×1+4×8 = Rs.105


By VAM
V1  6 V2  7
u1  0 10

7
7 7 1
u 2  3 3
8 4
1 9 1
8 8
7  3
Total minimum Cost, y = 3×8+4×1+7×7=Rs.77
So, x–y = Rs.28

41. One kg of an ideal gas (gas constant R = 287 J/kg.K) undergoes an irreversible process from
state-1 (1 bar, 300 K) to state -2 (2 bar, 300 K). The change in specific entropy (s2 – s1) of the
gas (in J/kg. K) in the process is ___________
Key: –198.93
Exp: Given
m  1kg, R  287J / kg.K
P1  1bar, P2  2bar
T1  300K, T2  300K
Same Temperature

S2  S1  Rn  P P   287n  21   198.93J / kgK


2
1

42. A 60 mm-diameter water jet strikes a plate containing a


hole of 40mm diameter as shown in the figure. Part of the
jet passes through the hole horizontally, and the remaining
is deflected vertically. The density of water is 1000 kg/m3.
If velocities are as indicated in the figure, the magnitude of
horizontal force (in N) required to hold the plate is
_________
Key: 628.32
Exp: Force in X–direction = Rate of change of momentum
  Pi  Pf  x  direction

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  

  m1 V1  m 2 V2 
  x direction D1  6cm D2  4cm
 V  A1V1  A 2 V2  V1  V2 
 V 2  A1  A 2 
 20m / s  V2
 1000  20  20   0.06    0.04  
2 2

4  20m / s  V1
 628.32N

43. The arrangement shown in the figure measures the


velocity V of a gas of density 1 kg/m3 flowing
through a pipe. The acceleration due to gravity is
9.81 m/s2. If the manometric fluid is water (density
1000 kg/m3) and the velocity V is 20 m/s, the
differential head h (in mm) between the two arms
of the manometer is ____________
Key: 20.4
Exp: Given
g  1kg / m3 , g  9.81m / s 2
m  1000kg / m3 , V  20m / s

 
V  2gH Where H  h  m  1
  
V 2
 
So,  h  m  1
2g   
  20 2 
   h 1000  1
 2  9.81 
h  0.0204m  2.04cm  h  20.4mm

44. A metal ball of diameter 60mm is initially at 220 °C. The ball is suddenly cooled by an air jet
of 20°C. The heat transfer coefficient is 200 W/m2.K and 9000kg/m3, respectively. The ball
temperature (in °C) after 90 seconds will be approximately.
(A) 141 (B) 163 (C) 189 (D) 210
Key: (A)
Exp: D = 60mm = 0.06m
Ti  220C, h  200W / m 2 K,   9000kg / m3
T  20C, Cp  400J / kgK, K  400W / mK
t  90sec T?
 h.A 
Ti  T  .t
 .VC 
 e p 
Tf  T
 200903 
220  20  0.039000400 
So, e
Tf  20
Tf  141.3C

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45. A single – plate clutch has a friction disc with inner and outer radii of 20mm and 40 mm,
respectively. The friction lining in the disc is made in such a way that the coefficient of
friction  varies radially as   0.01r, where r is in mm. The clutch needs to transmit a friction
torque of 18.85kN.mm. As per uniform pressure theory, the pressure (in MPa) on the disc is
_________
Key: 0.5

Exp: ri  20mm, ro  40mm,   0.01r


T  18.85kN  mm dr
p?
P  p2rdr r
T  p 2r 2 dr ri
 p  0.01r  2r dr  0.0628r .dr
2 3

40
40
 r4 
T  0.0628p  r dr  0.0628p  
3

20  4  20
 404 204 
18.85  103  0.0628p   
 4 4 
p  0.5MPa

46. The surface integral  F.ndS


S
over the surface S of the sphere x 2  y 2  z 2  9, where

F=(x+y) i+ (x+z) j+(y+z) k and n is the unit outward surface normal, yields ______.
Key: 226.19

Exp: F   x  yi   x  z J   y  z k
   
divF   x  y    x  z    y  z   1  0  1  2
x y z
By divergence theorem,
 ^ 
 F.n dS   divFdV where V is volume of given surface of sphere x  y  z  9
2 2 2

S V

4  27 
  2dV  2V  2   72  226.1947
V
3

47. Block 2 slides outward on link 1 at a uniform velocity of 6 m/s as shown in the figure. Link 1
is rotating at a constant angular velocity of 20 radian/s counterclockwise. The magnitude of
the total acceleration (in m/s2) of point P of the block with respect to fixed point O is
________

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Key: 243.31
Exp: Acceleration of the block
A  a cr  a r  2V  2 r
100mm 2
r  OP
P V  6m / sec
2V  2  6  20  240m / s 2 1   20rad / sec
 r   20   0.1  40
2 2

20rad / sec
a R  2402  402  243.31m / sec 2 O

48. During the turning of a 20mm-diameter steel bar at a spindle speed of 400 rpm, a tool life of
20 minute is obtained. When the same bar is turned at 200 rpm, the tool life becomes 60
minute. Assume that Taylor‟s tool life equation is valid. When the bar is turned at 300 rpm, the
tool life (in minute) is approximately.
(A) 25 (B) 32 (C) 40 (D) 50
Key: (B)
Exp: Taylors Tool life equation,
VT n  C
 V1T1n  V2 T2 n
n
 T2  V1
  
 T1  V2
n
 60  400
  
 20  200
n  0.63
at N 3  300rpm, T3  ?
n
 T3  V1
  
 1
T V3
0.63
 T3  400
 20   300
 
T3  31.57 min utes
T3  32 min utes

50 70 
49. Consider the matrix A =   whose eigenvectors corresponding to eigenvalues 1 and  2
70 80 
 70    80
are x1    and x 2   2 T
 . respectively. The value of x1 x 2 is_________
1  50  70 
Key: 0
50 70 
Exp: A 
 70 80 
 70    2  80 
Eigen vectors are X1    ; X2   
 1  50   70 
Where 1 ,  2 Eigen values of A
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   80 
X1  X 2  70 1  50   2   70   2  80    1  50  70
 70 
 70 2  5600  701  3500  70  1   2   9100  70 130   9100  9100  9100  0

 sum of eigen values  1   2 


 
 Trace  50  80  130 

50. The radius of gyration of a compound pendulum about the point of suspension is 100mm. The
distance between the point of suspension and the centre of mass is 250mm. Considering the
acceleration due to gravity as 9.81 m/s2, the natural frequency (in radian/s) of the compound
pendulum is _________.
Key: 15.66

Exp: k  100mm  0.1m


L  250mm  0.250m
g  9.81m / sec

I  mk 2  m  0.1
2

mgL m  9.81 0.250


Wn    15.66rad / sec
m  0.1
2
I

51. Consider the differential equation 3y ''  x   27y  x   0 with initial conditions y(0) = 0 and
y'(0)  2000. The value of y at x = 1 is ________
Key: 94.08
Exp: 3y ''  x   27y  x   0, y  0   0, y '  0   2000
Auxillary equation, 3m 2  27  0  m 2  9  0  m  0  3i
y c  c1 cos3x  c 2 sin 3x and y p  0
 y c  c1 cos3x  c 2 sin 3x
y  0   0  c1  0  0  c1  0
 y  c 2 sin 3x
y '  3c 2 cos3x
2000
y '  0   2000  2000  3c 2  c 2 
3
2000
y  sin 3x
3
2000
y 1  sin 3  94.08
3

52. If f(z) = (x2+ay2) + I bxy is a complex analytic function of z = x + iy, where i = 1, then
(A) a = –1, b= –1 (B) a = –1, b = 2 (C) a = 1, b = 2 (D) a = 2, b = 2
Key: (B)
Exp: Given f  z    x 2  ay2   i bxy is analytic

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u v x 
  , 
x y y x
value u  x 2  ay 2 , v  bxy
u u
 2x  by
x x
u u
 2ay  bx
y y
Clearly for b = 2 and a= –1 above Cauchy-Riemann equations holds

53. A project starts with activity A and ends with activity F. The precedence relation and durations
of the activities are as per the following table:

Duration
Activity Immediate Predecessor
(days)
A - 4
B A 3
C A 7
D B 14
E C 4
F D,E 9

The minimum project completion time (in days) is ______


Key: 30
Exp:
3 D
B
3 14
1 A 2 5 F 6
4 4 9
C, 7 4 E
Minimum project completion Time = Length of longest path = 4+3+14+9=30 Days.

54. Maximize Z = 5x1+3x2


Subject to
x1+2x2  10,
x1–x2  8,
x1, x2  0.
In the starting Simplex tableau, x1 and x2 are non-basic variables and the value of Z is zero.
The value of Z in the next Simplex tableau is _________.
Key: 40 x2
 26 2    26 2 
Exp: Zmax at  ,   0,5   , 
 3 3  3 3
 10,0 
1 Table at  0,0   Z  0
x1
st
 
 0,0   8,0 
2nd Table at 8,0   Z  40
  0, 8 

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55. The principal stresses at a point in a critical section of a machine component are
1  60MPa, 2  5MPa and 3  40 MPa. For the material of the component, the tensile
yield strength is  y  200 MPa. According to the maximum shear stress theory, the factor of
safety is
(A) 1.67 (B) 2.00 (C) 3.60 (D) 4.00
Key: (B)
1  3 w y
Exp:   1  3 
2 2 FOS
200
60   40  
FOS
FOS  2

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General Aptitude
Q. No. 1 - 5 Carry One Mark Each

1. If you choose plan P, you will have to _______ plan Q, as these two are mutually _________.
(A) forgo, exclusive (B) forget, inclusive
(C) accept, exhaustive (D) adopt, intrusive
Key: (A)

2. P looks at Q while Q looks at R. P is married, R is not. The number of people in which a


married person is looking at an unmarried person is
(A) 0 (B) 1 (C) 2 (D) Cannot be determined
Key: (D)
Exp: Given
P 
looks
Q
Q looks
R
P is married
R is not

3. If a and b are integers and a – b is even, which of the following must always be even?
(A) ab (B) a2 + b2 + 1 (C) a2 + b + 1 (D) ab – b
Key: (D)
Exp: Let a – b =2K  a  b  2K
ab  b   b  2K  b  b  b2  2Kb  b   b2  b   2Kb  b  b  1  2Kb
Even; since 2Kb always even & b (b-1) also every, if with b is odd or even.

4. A couple has 2 children. The probability that both children are boys if the older one is a boy is
(A) 1/4 (B) 1/3 (C) 1/2 (D) 1
Key: (C)
Exp: A Couple has 2 children in 4 ways
BG BB GB GG
1
The probability that both children are boys if the order one is a boy =  BG,BB
2

5. The ways in which this game can be played __________ potentially infinite.
(A) is (B) is being (C) are (D) are being
Key: (C)

Q. No. 6- 10 Carry Two Marks Each

6. “If you are looking for a history of India, or for an account of the rise and fall of the British
Raj, or for the reason of the cleaving of the subcontinent into two mutually antagonistic parts
and the effects this mutilation will have in the respective sections, and ultimately on Asia, you
will not find it in these pages; for though I have spent a lifetime in the country, I lived too near
the seat of events, and was too intimately associated with the actors, to get the perspective
needed for the impartial recording of these matters.”

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Which of the following closest in meaning to „cleaving‟?


(A) Deteriorating (B) Arguing (C) Departing (D) Splitting
Key: (D)

7. There 4 women P, Q, R, S, and 5 men V, W, X, Y, Z in a group. We are required to form pairs


each consisting of one woman and one man. P is not to be paired with Z, and Y must
necessarily be paired with someone. In how may ways can 4 such pairs be formed?
(A) 74 (B) 76 (C) 78 (D) 80
Key: (C)
Exp: If P is paired with y; they Q has 4 choices
R has 3 choices
S has 2 choices
Total 24 choices
(or)
If Q is paired with y; then P has 3 choices
R has 3 choices
S has 2 choices
Total 18 choices
(or)
If R is paired with y; then P has 3 choices
Q has 3 choices
S has 2 choices
Total 18 choices
(or)
If S is paired with y; then P has 3 choices
Q has 3 choices
S has 2 choices
Total 18 choices
 Total number of ways = 24+18+18+18=78

8. In the graph below, the concentration of a particular pollutant in a lake is plotted over
(alternate) days of a month in winter (average temperature 10°C) and a month in summer
(average temperature 30°C).

Consider the following statements based on the data shown above:

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(i) Over the given months, the difference between the maximum and the minimum pollutant
concentrations is the same in both winter and summer.
(ii) There are at last four days in the summer month such that the pollutant concentrations on
those days are within 1 ppm of the pollutant concentrations on the corresponding days in
the winter month.
Which one of the following options is correct?
(A) Only i (B) Only ii (C) Both i and ii (D) Neither i nor ii
Key: (B)
Exp: The difference between the maximum and the minimum pollutant concentrations
(i) in winter = 8-0=8 ,
(ii) in summer = 10.5-1.5=9
(i) is false & (ii) is correct from the graph.

9. All people in a certain island are either „Knights‟ or „Knaves‟ and each person knows every
other person‟s identity. Knights NEVER lie, and knaves ALWAYS lie.
P says “Both of us are knights”. Q says “None of us are knaves”.
Which one of the following can be logically inferred from the above?
(A) Both P and Q are knights
(B) P is a knight; Q is a knave
(C) Both P and Q are knaves
(D) The identities of P, Q cannot be determined
Key: (D)

10. X bullocks and Y tractors take 8 days to plough a field. If we halve the number of bullocks and
double the number of tractors, it takes 5days to plough the same field. How many days will it
take X bullocks alone to plough the field?
(A) 30 (B) 35 (C) 40 (D) 45
Key: (A)
Exp: Given Number of days required that X bullas and Y tractors to plough a field = 8 days  (1)
 i.e, X  Y  8D  8X  8Y  10  Number of days required that
X
bullocks and 2y tractors
2
 X 5 
to plugh field  5   2  i.e,  2Y  5D  X  10Y  1D  From (1) & (2); we have
 2 2 
5X 11X
8X  8Y   10Y  Y 
2 4
15X
 From 1 X  Y  8D   8D  X  30days
4

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