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Use of Flat Slab in High Seismic Zone
Uploaded by Omer Hayat on Apr 25, 2015
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IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology

eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308

___________________________________________________________________________________
____
Volume: 03 Issue: 08 | Aug-2014, Available @ http://www.ijret.org 439

USE OF FLAT SLABS IN MULTI-STOREY COMMERCIAL BUILDING SITUATED IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE
Navyashree K
1
, Sahana T.S
2
1
Post graduation Student, Dept.of civil engineering, SSIT, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
2
Asst. professor, Dept.of civil engineering, SSIT, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
Abstract
In present era, conventional RC Frame buildings are commonly used for the
construction. The use of flat slab building provides many advantages over
conventional RC Frame building in terms of architectural flexibility, use of space,
easier formwork and shorter construction time. The structural efficiency of the
flat-slab construction is hindered by its poor performance under earthquake
loading. In the present work six number of conventional RC frame and Flat Slab
buildings of G+3, G+8, and G+12 storey building models are considered. The
performance of flat slab and the vulnerability of purely frame and purely flat slab
models under different load conditions were studied and for the analysis, seismic
zone IV is considered. The analysis is done with using E-Tabs software. It is
necessary to analyze seismic behaviour of building for different heights to see
what changes are going to occur if the height of conventional RC Frame building and
flat slab building changes. Therefore, the characteristics of the seismic
behaviour of flat slab and conventional RC Frame buildings suggest that additional
measures for guiding the conception and design of these structures in seismic
regions are needed and to improve the performance of building having conventional
RC building and flat slabs under seismic loading, The object of the present work is
to compare the behaviour of multi-storey commercial buildings having flat slabs and
conventional RC frame with that of having two way slabs with beams and to study the
effect of height of the building on the performance of these two types of buildings
under seismic forces. Present work provides a good source of information on the
parameters lateral displacement, storey drift, storey shear, column moments and
axial forces, time period
.
Keyword:
Reinforced Concrete Frame; ETABS 9.7.4; Flat Slab.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
***-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. INTRODUCTION
The scarcity of space in urban areas has led to the development of vertical growth
consisting of low-rise, medium-rise and tall buildings. Generally framed structures
are used for these buildings. They are subjected to both vertical and lateral
loads. Lateral loads due to wind and earthquake governs the design rather than the
vertical loads. The buildings designed for vertical load may not have the capacity
to resist the lateral loads. The lateral loads are the premier ones because in
contrast to vertical load that may be assumed to increase linearly with height;
lateral loads are quite variable and increase rapidly with height. Under a uniform
wind and earthquake loads the overturning moment at the base is very large and
varies in proportion to the square of the height of the building. The lateral loads
are considerably higher in the top storey rather than the bottom storey due to
which building tends to act as cantilever. These lateral forces tend to sway the
frame. In many of the seismic prone areas there are several instances of failure of
buildings which have not been designed for earthquake loads. All these reaction
makes the study of the effect of lateral loads very important. Pure rigid frame
system or frame action obtained by the interaction of slabs, beam and column is not
adequate. The frame alone fails to provide the required lateral stiffness for
buildings taller than 15 to 20 (50m to 60m) stories. It is because of the shear
taking component of deflection produced by the bending of columns and slab causes
the building to deflect excessively. There are two ways to satisfy these
requirements. First is to increase the size of members beyond and above the
strength requirements and second is to change the form of structure into more rigid
and stable to confine deformation. First approach has its own limits, whereas
second one is more elegant which increases rigidity and stability of the structure
and also confine the deformation requirement. In earthquake engineering, the
structure is designed for critical force condition among the load combination. In
the present study the response of multi-storey commercial R.C. frame and R C flat
slab to the lateral and vertical loads have been done.
1.1 Framed Structure
Framed structures can be considered as an assemblage of one dimensional and two
dimensional members. The length of a one dimensional member of a structure is large
compared to its other dimensions where as the thickness of a two dimensional member
is smaller than its other two dimensions. A structure made of line members joined
together is referred to as framed structure. In general, framed structures have
three dimensional configurations.

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