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CASE STUDY OF DR. L.H.

BIDARI’S
ASHWINI HOSPITAL, BIJAPUR

SUBMITTED BY : SAHID AKHTAR


ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
M.S.I.A.A. BIJAPUR.

GUIDE BY : AR. CHAHAT SAIKH


NAME OF PROJECT : ASHWINI HOSPITAL, BIJAPUR
CLIENT : Dr. L.H. BIDARI
ARCHITECT : BERI ASSOCIATES
LOCATION OF SITE :THE SITE OF CASE STUDY IS SITUATED NEAR TO BLDE
ROAD AT BIJAPUR.

INDIA KARNATKA BIJAPUR SITE


APPROACH TO THE SITE: SITE IS NEAR ABOUT 2.5 KM FROM SITE
BIJAPUR RAILWAY STATION AND 1
KM FROM BUS STAND. RLY STATION
CITY ROAD CONNECTING BIJAPUR BUS STAND TO THE
CLINIC. BUS
STAND
YELLOW COLOUR SHOWING RAILWAY NETWORK.
SURROUNDINGS : 9 M WIDE ROAD
S
FOLLOWED BY
SITE IS SURROUNDED BY RESIDENTIAL AREA
ROAD FROM BOTH NORTH
AND SOUTH SIDE AND REST 2 E W
SIDES ARE COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL
AREAS. COMMERCIAL N
AREA AREA
AREA : 1749 SQ.M.

MAGNITUDE OF PROJECT 12 M WIDE ROAD


: ON THE BASIS OF :
ON THE BASIS OF : 65
( A ) LAND COVERING ( B ) NO. OF PATIENT 80

------ % OF OPD - 25 ------ AT OPD – 80 TO 85 PER DAY


------ % OF IPD - 75 ------ AT IPD - 65 TO 70 PER DAY PATIENT AT IPD
PATIENT AT OPD

PATIENT SOCIAL STATUS : 30% 20%


25%
LOWER CLASS ------ 20 % 50% 75%
MIDDLE CLASS ------ 50 %
UPPER CLASS ------ 30 %

PATIENT SOCIAL OPD VS IPD LAND


STATUS COVERING
CIRCULATION PATTERN :

LOWER GROUND FLOOR UPPER GROUND FLOOR FIRST FLOOR PLAN


PLAN PLAN
PATIENT MOVEMENT PATIENT MOVEMENT PATIENT MOVEMENT

LOWER GROUND FLOOR UPPER GROUND FLOOR FIRST FLOOR PLAN


PLAN PLAN

STAFF MOVEMENT STAFF MOVEMENT STAFF MOVEMENT


REQUIREMENTS :
OPERATION THEATER FLOATING PASSAGE
C T SCAN OPEN TO SKY
WAITING ROOM WARDS
SERVICE AREA I.C.U
ELECTRICAL ROOM LOWER GROUND FLOOR PLAN
TOILET
RELATIVES DORMITORY CONSULTANT ROOM
LABORATORY ARRIVAL
CHEMIST O.P.D.
CANTEEN CASULTY ROOM
STAIRCASES SPECIAL ROOMS
WARDS WAITING AREA UPPER GROUMD FLOOR PLAN

N.I.C.U. SEMI SPECIAL ROOMS

THE DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS OF THE


CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL ARE MENTIONED ABOVE
USING COLOUR CODES WITH RESPECT TO
PLANS AT THREE LEVELS. FIRST FLOOR PLAN
LINEAR FORM
1. A linear form can front on or define an edge of an exterior space or define a plane of
entry into the spaces behind it.
2. A liner form can be segmented or curvilinear to respond to topography, vegetation,
views, or other features of a site.
3. A linear form can serve as an organizing element to which a variety of secondary
forms are attached.
4. This form have good circulation and wide range of area gives good access.
LINEAR ORGANIZATIONS
 A linear organization consists essentially of a series of spaces.
 Each space in the form along the sequence has an exterior exposure.
 Spaces that are functionally or symbolically important to the organization can occur
anywhere along the linear.
 Linear organizations express a direction and signify movement, extension, and growth.
 An elaborate or articulated entrance, or by merging with another building form or the
topography of its site.
 The form of a linear organization can related to other forms in its context.
CANTEN OXYZEN
WATER SUPPLY ELECTRIC
SUPPLY
ROOM

PARKING
LAB
DOCTIRS

PHARMACY
ENTRY

RECEPTION

X-RAY

PARKING CONSULTANC
Y ROOM
CT-SCANE
BUBBLE DIAGRAM OF LOWER GROUND FLOOR

IPD & OPD HAS GOT SEPARATE ENTRY WHICH DIRECTS PATIENT WITHOUT CREATING
COJECTION OF SPACE.
HENCE: -
 the site is in learner form which good for the polyclinic.
 A liner form can be segmented or curvilinear to respond to topography, vegetation, views, or other features of a site.
 it keep the good circulation of inpatient or out patient department with social services.
 this shape is the best for the light and air ventilation.
PLANNING AND FUNCTIONAL ARRANGEMENT
OPD
SAMI
CASULATY SPECIAL

I.C.U
FLOOR
UPPOER
WAY TO

RECEPTION

OPEN TO SKY FLOTING


TOILET
PASSAGES

UPPER GROUND FLOOR BUBBLE DIAGRAM


PLANNING ASPECT

 OUTDOOR SITTING ARRANGEMENT IS HELPFUL TO DIVERT THE EXTRA PRESSUREOF


PATIENTS AND RELATIVES.
 RECEPTION PROVIDED EXACTLY IN FRONT OF ENTRY IN BOTH THE OPD AND IPD IS
CONVENIENT FOR PATIENTS.
 PROVISION OF MEDICINE SHOP AT EXTREME SOUTHERN PART OF THE BUILDING
REDUCES THE EXTRA PRESSURE OF THE PATIENTS.
 PLACINGOF MAJOR OT, MINOR OT, RECOVERY AREA, ANESTHESIA, SCRUB UP, DOCTORS’S
ROOM LABORATORY, MEDICINE SHOP, TOGETHER, FORMING A COMPLETE OPERATION
UNIT AREA.
 CENTRAL COURTYARD IS NOT PROVIDING PROPER LIGHTING AND FRESH AIR DUE TO
FULLY COVERED TOP.
 RECOVERY WARD IS PLACED ON THE WAY OF OPERATION THEATRE.

FORM OF THE BUILDING IS LINEAR


SOCIAL SERVICE

Social service
Ct- scan
Pharmacy
Lab
LOWER GROUND FLOOR PLAN

CONTEXT & ELEVATION


9 M WIDE ROAD S
FOLLOWED BY RESIDENTIAL AREA

E W

COMMERCIAL AREA N
COMMERCIAL AREA

12 M WIDE ROAD
NATURE OF THE BUILDING
The nature of the building is secular.
STYLE OF THE BUILDING
Local style has been adopted.
SARROUNDING
9 M WIDE ROAD
FOLLOWED BY RESIDENTIAL AREA

COMMERCIAL AREA
COMMERCIAL AREA

12 M WIDE ROAD

FACING
The building is facing east side.
LAYOUT :

LABORATORY C.T. SCAN CENTRE

ELECTRICAL C.T. SCAN CHAMBER


SERVICE

OXYGEN STORE ROOM LOWER GROUND MEDICINE SHOP


FLOOR PLAN

CANTEEN WITH PROPER


STAIRCASE LEADS TO OPERATION THEATRE OUTDOOR SITTING
UPPER GROUND FLOOR AREA ARRANGEMENT
DOCTORS RESTING
PICU ROOM CASULTY

OPEN TO SKY SITTING


UPPER GROUND FLOOR PERGOLA AT ENTRANCE
PLAN

OPEN TO SKY WAITING AREA FLOATING PASSAGE


DOCTOR’S ROOM INCUBATOR ROOM N.I.C.U.

SPECIAL ROOM

FIRST FLOOR SPECIAL


NURSE STATION ROOM
PLAN

OPEN TO SKY STAIRCASE MOTHERS


GENERAL WARDS
LEADS TO TOP FLOOR STAYING AREA
REST ROOM OPD ARRIVAL AREA

BACK SIDE PARKING OUTSIDE SITTING


WARDS
SERVICE ROAD
OPD
OPEN TO SKY
COURTYARD
SITE MODEL

SECTION AT X-X’

LABORATO SITE PLAN FRONT PERGOLA


RY

ENTRY TO BUILDING MAIN ENTRY WITH


ELECTRICROOM
PARKING
RATIO OF BUILT VS OPEN :
40%
• BUILT AREA 60% OF TOTAL LAND 60%

• OPEN AREA 40% OF TOTAL LAND


TOTAL SITE AREA
STRUCTURAL SYSTEM :

• CLEARLY SHOWN FROM FIGURE


A
BUILDING IS BASED ON FRAME
STRUCTURE. SECTION OF BUILDING
DETAIL AT A
• TOTAL NUMBER OF FLOORS ARE 4.
• GROUND FLOOR
•FIRST FLOOR , SECOND FLOOR &
UPPER FLOOR
SERVICE :

• WATER SUPPLY : MUNICIPAL CO-OPERATION


• DRAINAGE SYSTEM : SEVER LINES
• ELECTRICTY : PROVIDED BY HESCOM AND IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
SILENT GENERATOR IS ALSO AVAILABLE.
MERITS :
1. CLINIC IS VERY CLOSELY 6. PLACING STAIRCAE AND LIFT NEAR TO
ATTACHED TO THE CITY THE EXIT / ENTRY IS A WISE DECISION,
ROAD THROUGH ITS HELPFUL IN CASE OF EMERGENCY.
NORTHERN AND
SOUTHERN ROADS. 7. ENTRY, STAIRCASE, RECEPTION, WAITING,
CENTRAL COURTYARD, AND TOILET ARE
2. OUTDOOR SITTING WELL CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER AND
ARRANGEMENT IS CREATING A CONVENIENT PATIENT ZONE.
HELPFUL TO DIVERT THE
EXTRA PRESSUREOF
PATIENTS AND RELATIVES. 8. SEPARATE ENTRY FOR
DOCTORS FROM THE
3. INSTEAD OF STAIRCASE, NORTHERN FACE OF THE
USE OF RAMP IS GOOD BUILDING IS GOOD.
FOR PROPER PUBLIC
MOVEMENT. 9. A VERY WIDE AND ENOUGH
4. RECEPTION PROVIDED EXACTLY IN SPACE FOR CANTEEN .
FRONT OF ENTRY IN BOTH THE OPD
AND IPD IS CONVENIENT FOR PATIENTS. 10. PROVISION OF MEDICINE
SHOP AT EXTREME
5. WAITING IN FRONT OF SOUTHERN PART OF THE
RECEPTION KEEPS THE BUILDING REDUCES THE
PATIENTS ALWAYS IN EXTRA PRESSURE OF THE
TOUCH OF ATTENDENTS. PATIENTS.
DEMERITS :
11. PLACINGOF MAJOR OT, MINOR OT, 1. ENTRANCE HAS NO AESTHETHIC APPEAL.
RECOVERY AREA, ANESTHESIA, SCRUB UP,
2. NO PROPER SPACE FOR
DOCTORS’S ROOM LABORATORY,
WASHED CLOTHS
MEDICINE SHOP, TOGETHER, FORMING A
THEY ARE SPREADED
COMPLETE OPERATION UNIT AREA.
AT ENTRY ITSELF.
3. LACK OF PARKING SPACE.
12. OPERATION UNIT NEEDS A COOLER PLACE
SO PROVIDING IT AT LOWER GROUND 4. WAITING AREA HAS VERY
FLOOR IS REALLY A WISE DECISION. LESS VENTILATION AND
LIGHT.
13. THE P.I.C.U. IS ARRANGED
VERY HYGIENICALLY ALL 5. CENTRAL COURTYARD IS NOT PROVIDING
NECESSARY EQUIPMENTS. PROPER LIGHTING AND FRESH AIR DUE TO
FULLY COVERED TOP.
14. PLACING OF NURSE STATION IN FRONT
OF P.I.C.U. IS GOOD FOR PROPER CARE 6. RECOVERY WARD IS PLACED ON THE WAY
TAKING. OF OPERATION THEATRE.
7. BEHAIND THE OPERATION THETRE
15. ADEQUATE NUMBER OF CHILDREN CARE GENERATOR AND ELECTIC SERVICE ROOM
UNIT IS APPRECIABLE. CREATES NON TOLERABLE SOUND.
CONCLUSION :
10. OPERATION BLOCK, WARD BLOCK AND
1. ADEQUATE ARRANGEMENT OF PARKING
DOCTORS ROOM SHOULD BE WORKED
IS REQUIRED.
OUT ACCORDING TO PROXIMITY CHART.
2. MAIN ENTRANCE WITH ATTACHED RAMP
IS A GOOD IDEA.
3. WAITING AREA IN FRONT OF RECEPTION
PROVIDES PATIENT FRIENDLY
ENVIRONMENT.
4. CENTRAL LOBBY SHOULD PROPER
LIGHTING AND VENTILATION.
5. NURSE STATION NEAR TO WARDS IS
SAFER.
6. STAIRCASE AND LIFTS SHOULD BE
PLACED NEAR TO THE MAIN ENTRY.
7. PLACING OF OPD AND IPD SHOULD BE
PLACED SEPARATELY.
8. PLACING OF CANTEEN AND FARMECY
SHOP SHOULD BE WORKED OUT
ACCORDING TO THE CROWDY ZONE.
9. CLIMATIC CONSIDERATIONS SHOULD BE
TAKEN WHILE PLANNING LIKE PLACING
OF WARDS AND CONSULTENCIES.

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