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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.

SECTION-10.0

ELECTRICAL WORKS

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1  GENERAL ................................................................................................................... 4 
1.1  DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................ 4 
1.2  QUALITY ASSURANCE .................................................................................. 4 
1.3  TESTS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA ......................................................... 5 
1.4  SUBMITTALS .................................................................................................. 5 
2  PRODUCTS ................................................................................................................ 5 
2.1  Switchboards (LV panels) ............................................................................... 5 
2.2  SUB-MAIN DISTRIBUTION BOARD (SMDB) ................................................. 9 
2.3  DISTRIBUTION BOARD (DB) ......................................................................... 9 
2.4  LOW VOLTAGE AUTOMATIC POWER FACTOR CORRECTION PANELS 10 
2.4.1  HARMONIC FILTERS: .................................................................................................. 11 
2.5  AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCHES AND CONTROLS ........................... 12 
2.6  CONTROL PANELS & MOTOR CONTROL CENTRES: .............................. 14 
2.7  VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES ............................................................... 15 
2.8  CABLES & CABLES ACCESSORIES AND INSTALLATION........................ 16 
2.8.1  General .......................................................................................................................... 16 
2.8.2  Buried Cable .................................................................................................................. 17 
2.8.3  Cable Installation ........................................................................................................... 18 
2.8.4  Cable Glands ................................................................................................................. 18 
2.8.5  Cable Cleats .................................................................................................................. 18 
2.8.6  Cable Markers ............................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.7  Wire Marker Ferrules ..................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.8  Cable Lugs ..................................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.9  Cable Ties ...................................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.10  Cable Terminations. ....................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.11  Cable Data ..................................................................................................................... 19 
2.8.12  Cable Schedule ............................................................................................................. 20 
2.9  WIRING INSTALLATION............................................................................... 20 
2.10  Cable Tray ..................................................................................................... 20 
2.11  Cable Ducts ................................................................................................... 21 
2.12  CONDUITS & CONDUITS INSTALLATION .................................................. 22 
2.12.1  General .......................................................................................................................... 22 
2.12.2  Galvanised Mild Steel (GMS) Conduits ......................................................................... 25 
2.12.3  PVC Conduits. ............................................................................................................... 25 
2.13  TRUNKING AND TRUNKING INSTALLATION ............................................. 26 
2.13.1  General .......................................................................................................................... 26 

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

2.13.2  Mild Steel Trunking. ....................................................................................................... 26 


2.13.3  PVC Trunking ................................................................................................................ 26 
3  LIGHTING AND SMALL POWER INSTALLATION ................................................. 26 
3.1  General .......................................................................................................... 26 
3.2  LIGHT FITTINGS SPECIFICATION .............................................................. 27 
3.3  Bath/Shower Room Outlets ........................................................................... 28 
3.4  Toilet and Washroom Outlets ........................................................................ 28 
3.5  Kitchen and Pantry Outlets ............................................................................ 28 
3.6  Water Heater Outlets ..................................................................................... 28 
4  WIRING ACCESSORIES .......................................................................................... 28 
4.1  PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION ................................................................... 28 
4.2  LOCAL SWITCHES ....................................................................................... 29 
4.3  POWER OUTLETS ....................................................................................... 29 
4.4  FUSE CONNECTION UNITS/DP SWITCHES .............................................. 30 
4.5  COOKER CONTROL UNITS......................................................................... 30 
4.6  SHAVER SOCKETS ..................................................................................... 30 
4.7  DOOR BELL .................................................................................................. 30 
4.8  PUSH BUTTON UNITS ................................................................................. 30 
5  TESTING AND COMMISSIONING ........................................................................... 31 
5.1  Test Data ....................................................................................................... 31 
5.2  Inspection and Testing .................................................................................. 31 
5.3  Electrical Tests .............................................................................................. 31 
6  PAINTING OF OUTDOOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT.......................................... 31 
7  DOCUMENTATION .................................................................................................. 32 
8  QUALITY OF WORKMANSHIP ............................................................................... 32 

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

1 GENERAL

1.1 DESCRIPTION
A. The work to be performed includes, but is not necessarily limited to all work involved
in the supply, installation, connection and testing of L.V Switchgears, SMDB,
Distribution boards, Cables, Cable tray, as shown on the drawings or specified herein.

1.2 QUALITY ASSURANCE


A. The Contractor is responsible for the quality of all purchased items and as
such, must develop and submit a Supplier Quality Inspection Plan for review.
The Inspection Plan shall cover those items intended for shop inspection and
the procedures for carrying out same.
B. The equipment furnished under this Section shall be the product of a
manufacturer who has produced this same type of equipment complying with
the requirements of the listed standards and whose products have been in
satisfactory use in similar service for a period of at least ten (10) consecutive
years.
C. Codes and Standards: Comply with requirements of latest edition of the
following codes and standard except as herein modified.
1. BSI - British Standard Institution:

BS 88 - Cartridge fuses for voltages up to and including 1000 V


a.c. and 1500 V d.c.
BS4293 - Specification for residual current operated circuit
breakers.
BS5472 - Specification for low voltage switchgear and
control gear for industrial use. Terminal working and
distinctive number. General rule.
BS5824 - Specification for low voltage switchgear and
controlgear for industrial use. Mounting rails. C-profile
and accessories for the mounting of equipment.
BS 5825 - Specification for low voltage switchgear and control
gear for industrial use. Mounting rails, G-profile for the
fixing of terminal blocks.
BSEN 60898 - Specification for circuit breakers for over current
protection for household and similar installation.
BSEN 60947 - Specification for low voltage switchgear and control
gear.
BSEN 61008 - Residual current operated circuit breakers without
integral overcurrent protection for household and
similar uses (RCCB’s)
IEC 60298/
IEC62271-200 - Metal Enclosed High Voltage Switchgear

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

BSEN 61009 - Residual current operated circuit breaker with integral


over current protection for household and similar
(RCBO’s)
IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission:
IEC 269 - General requirements for cartridge fuses for voltages
up to and including 1000V a.c. and 1500 Vd.c.
IEC 755 - General Requirements for residual current operated
protective devices.
IEC 898 - Circuit breaker for overcurrent protection for household
and similar installations.
IEC 947 - Low voltage switchgear and controlgear.
IEC62271-200 - Metal Enclosed High Voltage Switchgear
IEC 1008 - Residual current operated circuit breaker without
integral over current protection for household and
similar uses (RCBO’s).
IEC 1009 - Residual current operated circuit breaker with integral
over current protection for household and similar uses
(RCBB’s).

1.3 TESTS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA


A. Factory Tests:
1. The manufacturer/supplier shall perform and supply Test Certificates for the
following tests prior to the dispatch of the equipment.
2. Any tests required and necessary to check compliance with these
specifications and the relevant codes and standards.
B. Material Test: Unless requirement is waived, equipment shall be
tested, and a full-type test certificate issued by an approved independent test
laboratory shall be submitted.

1.4 SUBMITTALS
A. Manufacturer’s Data: Submit manufacturer's data including specifications,
installation instructions, dimensions, and general recommendations for each
switchgear/controlgear.
B. Manuals: Complete clear and concise instructions for the installation,
operation and maintenance of the equipment.

2 PRODUCTS

2.1 Switchboards (LV panels)


A. Design and provide complete metal enclosed, indoor dead-front, low-voltage,
self supporting distribution switchboard equipment as hereinafter described
and indicated on the Schematic diagrams. Switchboards (LV panels) shall be
designed constructed and tested in accordance with BSEN 60439-1:1994
(IEC 439-1) Form 4a Type 6 classification. The operational voltage of the
switchboard shall be 380V, 3 phase, 50Hz, 4 wire. It shall be the Contractor’s
responsibility to provide equipment with interrupting ratings adequate to
withstand the fault current available at its location.

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The Contractor shall liaise with DEWA to ensure their requirements are
complied with.
B. Structure.
1. Provide totally enclosed dead front, free standing assemblies. Provide
equipment with nominal dimensions of maximum 2.3m high but sized to suit
specific constraints of the site. Provide one or more vertical sections bolted
together to form a complete assembly.
2. Provide BSEN 60439-1:(1994) enclosure for indoor use. Provide a suitable
protective finish on all metal surfaces interior and exterior, including chemical
cleaning, bonderizing, rust inhibitor, and baked enamel finish. The finish may
include manufacturer’s standard trim colours.
All lifting angles fitted to the top of the switchboard will be removable and
once removed the IP rating shall be maintained.
All external covers shall be gasketed and dished for added rigidity and
secured by stainless steel captive bolts.
All compartments shall have individual access doors, each hinged at the left
hand and gasketed and each cubicle shall have withdrawable tray upon which
the switchgear and contacts are mounted.
C. Bus Structure.
1. Provide high conductivity electro tinned copper bus bars mounted on insulator
supports of high-impacts, non-tracking, high quality insulation material and
adequately to withstand fault currents of 50 KA symmetrical amperes. ASTA
or KEMA certificates shall be provided as verification. Extend main bus to all
vertical sections and arranged for future extension. Connect branch circuit
bussing directly to the main bus structure and extend to each and every
compartment, including the compartments where space for future device units
is provided.
2. Provide silver-plated contact surfaces on main and branch copper bus bars.
3. Provide proper termination for incoming feeder conductors or bus duct as
shown on the Drawings. Provide an equipment ground (earth) bus extending
the total length of the switchboard with capacity equal to 100 percent of the
capacity of the main horizontal bus. Unless indicated otherwise on the
Drawings, provide a neutral bus extending the total length of the switchboard
with capacity equal to the capacity of the main horizontal bus.
4. Provide each bus sized to limit the temperature rise to 65 degrees C.
5. Provide bus connections only to ACB and MCCBs (cable connections will not
be acceptable as feeders to ACBs + MCCBs from busbars).
D. Wiring.
1. Provide adequate space for conduit and wiring to enter the top and bottom of
the switchboard without structural interference and safety accessible without
disrupting service.
E. Types.
1. Rear accessible type - Individually mounted devices.
Switchboard shall be with individually mounted distribution devices in which:

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1) Sections shall have depth necessary to accommodate safe mounting


and connecting of the equipment. All vertical sections shall be front
and rear accessible.
2) All internal devices, main and feeders, shall be rear accessible and
shall be individually mounted.
3) Distribution sections shall be compartmentalized so as to include full
height vertical barriers of glass polyester material between the front
device compartment. Between the main bus compartment and the
rear cable compartment.
4) Insulated rigid conductors shall extend from load sides of individually
mounted breaker modules into the rear compartment where outgoing
cable connections may be made.
F. Air Circuit Breakers.
1. Circuit breakers shall be stored energy, air break, draw-out type. All
breakers shall be electrically operated. Breaker arrangement and trip
ratings, within the switchgear, shall be as shown on Drawings. The
switchgear shall meet the requirements of BS4752 and comply with
the ratings and fault current interrupting capacities, at 380V, of: 1600A
frame, 50,000 amps rms, symmetrical, 2500A frame 65,000A rms
symmetrical. All equipment to be rated for 50 deg C external ambient.
2. Control voltage for the electrically operated breakers shall be 240V
single phase from a fused primary control switch connected ahead of
the main breaker. Where double ended switchgear is provided, a
castel interlock arrangement shall be provided to interlock the
incoming breakers and the bus coupler to prevent paralleling of
transformers. Main and tie breakers shall be provided with a control
switch and a red and green indicating light mounted on the front of the
switchgear.
Control voltage battery/inverter and charger back up to be provided (if
required by the type of switchgear approved) to enable operation of
the incoming and bus coupling ACB’s upon mains failure.
3. Protective relaying shall be as follows: Main incoming and feeder
breakers shall be equipped with solid state overcurrent protective
devices. Main breaker shall be equipped with long time, short time
and ground fault relaying. Feeder breakers shall have long time,
instantaneous, and ground fault relaying where double ended units
are provided. Tie breaker shall be interchangeable with main
breakers.
4. Each breaker shall also be equipped with the following: Insulated
external operating handle with position indicator, trip free in all
positions, arcquenching device on each pole, provisions for
padlocking in open position, alarm contacts rated for 240V AC, closed
in the tripped position wired to a common terminal block.
5. Each switchgear line-up shall be provided with an integral lifting
device which rolls on a self contained track to serve all breakers.
6. The individual circuit breaker compartments, whether equipped with a
breaker or four future breakers (spaces), shall be equipped with
primary and secondary contacts, rails and stationary disconnecting
mechanism parts. The primary disconnect device consisting of a stud
and socket or stub and fingers shall be self-aligned and shall utilize
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silver-to-silver pressure line contacts. Interlocking shall prevent


removal or insertion of circuit breaker unless it is in the open position.
Future compartment stubs or sockets shall be protected from
accidental contact from breaker compartment.
G. Circuit Identification.
Provide a laminated Micarta nameplate with a white surface, black
core and 5mm high engraved letters to identify each protective
device. Identify units by the load, such as PNL “A” using the load
description as indicated on the Drawings.
H. Provisions for Metering. At each location indicated on the Drawings, provide
the following factory mounted and wired meters and switches.
1. Three current transformers with BS3938 metering accuracy, 600V,
short circuiting device and terminal cover.
2. Three 114mm square switchboard type BS89 ammeter with 180-
degree scale and selector switch for current readings in each phase.
Scale to match bus rating.

3. One 114mm square switchboard Type BS89 600V voltmeter with 180-
degree scale, current limiting fuses and selector switch for line-to-line
voltage.
4. Contractor shall verify with DEWA the final location of metering (H.V.
or L.V.)
I. Bus Structure Diagram. For each switchboard, provide a bus structure
diagram drawn with ink or mylar sandwiched between clear plexiglass sheets
with a minimum scale of 1:16. Provide a single line diagram using standard
symbols. Bolt the assembly to the front of the switchboard.
Include the following information on the diagram.
1. Incoming line conductor size.
2. Incoming voltage characteristics.
3. Identify the source of feeder circuit.
4. Identify the switchboard.
5. Indicate the horizontal and vertical bus capacity in amps and
bar sizes.
6. Indicate the RMS symmetrical current bracing in amps.
7. Indicate the equipment ground and neutral bus capacity in
amps and bar sizes.
8. Indicate each bolted and stab-in provision for devices.
9. Indicate metering.

J. Provisions for Electric Utility metering. Obtain written approval from the
servicing electrical utility company prior to submission of Shop Drawings.
Comply with utility company requirements, including work space, instrument
transformer mounting, underground pull sections, and general arrangement.
Make provisions for power utility seals on the cubicle access doors.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

K Power Factor Correction


The Contractor shall provide automatic bulk power factor correction for the
switchboard for each incoming supply section to maintain the power factor
greater than 0.9 lagging and in accordance with DEWA requirements. The
power factor correction shall be achieved by contactor switched capacitor
banks suitable for the rated voltage and load. Controllers shall be provided to
sense overall power factor of load and switch sections of capacitor banks as
necessary to improve the overall power factor to maintain a minimum of 0.9
lagging at all times. To achieve this control it may be necessary to select
capacitor banks to control at 0.91 or 0.92 to ensure that the minimum is
greater than 0.90. The capacitor bank shall be provided with detuning
reactors to avoid amplification of harmonics present in the power system.
Total harmonic distortion voltage shall be maintained less than 5 % on 415
volts bus.
All banks and incoming supply shall be protected by appropriately sized
circuit breakers of the correct type for capacitor switching with discharge
provisions.
Full instrumentation shall be provided to indicate actual power factor and
KVAR.
All power factor equipment shall be cubicalised and shall match the
construction of the switchboards within the switchroom. In which case the
contractor shall allow for separate cubicles located adjacent to the
switchboard, and cabled to the switchboard using armoured cable on tray and
fed by cubicles containing appropriate MCCBs.
The contractor shall select the appropriate power factor equipment based
upon the actual loads of the plant finally selected and approved. Due
consideration shall be allowed for any integral power factor correction in such
devices such as chillers etc.

2.2 SUB-MAIN DISTRIBUTION BOARD (SMDB)


Electrical circuits to each floor or building section shall be distributed by means of
Sub Main Distribution Board (SMDB).
General specification shall be similar to MDB as detailed in Clause 3.1 above.
However, the incoming circuits shall have triple pole MCCB or fuse switch or load
break fault make isolator as indicated in single line diagram. Indicating lamps with
phase colours RYB supplied via auxiliary HRC fuses shall be provided.

2.3 DISTRIBUTION BOARD (DB)


Electrical circuits to each flat or building section shall be distributed by means of
locally mounted Distribution Boards (DB's).
Generally these shall be of triple pole and neutral (TPN) type and the design shall
suit the area of distribution. Single pole and neutral (SPN) type unit shall only be
permissible subject to Design Specifications. Distribution boards shall be of the load
centre split busbar type suitable for Miniature Circuit Breakers (MCB).
The design of final MCB distribution boards shall strictly conform to the requirements
of local electricity supply authority. Other details relating to MCB ratings, phase and
CPC wiring sizes, load phase distribution etc for various circuits shall be indicated in
load schedules for respective distribution boards.
All boards shall be factory fabricated and shall be constructed of corrosion resistant
sheet steel of minimum thickness 1.2 mm enamelled to light grey colour. All boards

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

shall comply with the requirements of BS EN 60439-1:1999 and shall be standard


"Row" DB or Form 2 construction. All busbars shall be tinned copper.
All boards shall be of totally enclosed, dust, damp and corrosion proof type. These
boards shall generally be flush mounted type unless otherwise indicated in the
drawings or instructed by the Engineer. Each board shall be equipped with a robust
cover, lock and key. The boards shall be labelled as previously described and a
neatly typed schedule, place inside the board, shall indicate all the outgoing final sub-
circuits, their ratings and the areas and points served.
(a) Electric Supply
All DBs shall be designed for 380V, 3 Phase, 4-wire, 50 Hz system.
(b) Fault Level
The DBs and associated equipment such as MCBs etc., shall be suitable for short
circuit levels arrived at on the basis of design calculations/specifications.
(c) Construction
The DB shall be of sheet steel, surface or flush mounted as appropriate, with hinged
and lockable or latchable cover to each compartment.
Dust and damp degree of protection shall be minimum IP 54 for indoor and IP55 for
outdoor or as indicated in the specific design requirements.
(d) Circuit Details
The incoming device shall be an isolating switch (with HRC fuse, if required). Each
circuit, without exception shall be protected against the effect of over current, short
circuit and earth leakage currents.
Earth leakage protection shall be by means of Residual Current Devices, (RCD) or
current operated Earth Leakage Circuit Breakers (ELCB). The sensitivities shall be
as per DEWA Regulations
(e) Labels
Main label shall be black on white engraved fixed by self-tapping stainless steel
screws. Pasting of labels are not acceptable.
Each device shall be permanently and indelibly marked with its circuit designation. In
addition, a typewritten or printed directory of circuits shall be affixed adjacent to each
DB in a rigid clear acrylic-faced frame.
(f) Safety
Minimum Degree of Protection with door(s) open shall be IP 41. It shall not be
possible for contact to be made with any conductor normally live under operational
conditions without the prior removal of covers, barriers or shrouds. These cover,
barriers or shrouds shall carry suitable DANGER labels.

2.4 LOW VOLTAGE AUTOMATIC POWER FACTOR CORRECTION PANELS


The contractor shall supply, install, test, connect and commission, in the main
electrical room, automatic power factor correction panel/s, designated PFCPs, of
kVAr rating/s as called for and as indicated in the power distribution schematic
drawing and in the load schedules for respective Main Distribution Boards.
Unless otherwise stated, the PFCP/s shall NOT form integral part/s of the respective
Main Distribution Boards.
The PFCP shall comprise a robust enclosure equipped with and complete with main
incoming isolating switch, an electronic power factor regulator/controller, power factor

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improvement capacitors, contactors, fuses and any other components and


accessories deemed necessary for a high quality, reliable and safe power factor
correction equipment.
The components of PFCP shall be selected and designed to ensure that the power
factor of the system is maintained at a minimum value of 0.9 lag, or a value stipulated
by the local Electricity Supply Authority, for all loads up to full load of the system.
In general, the PFCP shall conform to the following specifications and requirements.
The PFCP shall be factory built and shall be of modular cubicle pattern, floor
mounted, free standing, air insulated, totally enclosed type, and shall, in addition, be
corrosion, dust and damp proof to comply with the requirements of BS 60439-1:1999.
The PFCP shall be constructed of highest quality corrosion resistant sheet steel of
adequate thickness coated with an approved compound to provide excellent
resistance against scratches and corrosion.
The PFCP shall be designed for total front access, and provision shall be made for
bottom/top entry for the main incoming cable and shall be complete with cable box,
cable gland, lug, clamps etc. The PFCP shall be of suitable design to facilitate ease
of cabling, maintenance, inspection and testing, and shall ensure maximum safety to
operators, and to maintenance and testing personnel.
ON/OFF/AUTO switches shall be provided mounted flush on the panel.
2.4.1 HARMONIC FILTERS:
Harmonic filters shall be designed to meet the intent of EA BS G5/4, EN 61000-3-4,
AS-2279 and IEEE-519.
The Harmonic Filter System shall be a low pass harmonic filter intended for use with
one or more 6-pulse variable frequency drives and other 6-pulse, 3-phase diode or
SCR rectifiers to eliminate as far as possible the input harmonic current reflected
onto the power system.
The Harmonic Filter shall treat all of the characteristic low frequency harmonics
generated by a 3-phase, 6-pulse rectifier load including the 5th, 7th, 11th, 13th, 17th,
19th, 23rd, 25th, etc.
The 3-phase characteristic harmonics will be suppressed without the need for tuning
the filter or adjusting capacitors, inductors or other components.
Harmonic mitigation shall be by passive, series connected, low pass filter network
consisting of inductors and capacitors plus damping resistors to prevent the
possibility of filter excitation and resonance. IGBT based active filters shall not be
used. Harmonic traps shall not be used.
Harmonic attenuation shall be accomplished without the need for phase shifting
loads against other harmonic sources.
To assure quality control and proper performance, the filter shall be manufactured in
the supplier’s own manufacturing facility, not by a contract manufacturer. Filters shall
be fully tested prior to shipment.
The supplier shall provide evidence of relevant application experience of not less
than 5 years upon request.
The harmonic filter shall be warranted to be free of defects in materials and
workmanship for a period of one year from the date of shipment when applied in
accordance with manufacturer’s recommended installation procedures.

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The harmonic filter shall be suitable for use with one or more 6-pulse drives, whether
the rectifier consists of diodes or SCRs and whether or not the drives have internal
inductance such as line reactors or dc link chokes.
The Harmonic Filter shall be easy to select and simple to apply. The characteristic
three phase harmonics shall be filtered to guaranteed distortion levels and the filter
warranty validated without the need for a manufacturer’s representative to verify or
validate the installation.
The filter shall be suitable for use with variable torque loads. The factory shall be
consulted for selection of filters for constant torque loads.
The filter shall suppress characteristic harmonics to guaranteed levels provided that
the power supply line voltage unbalance is between 0% and 1%. If the voltage
unbalance is between 1% and 3%, per ANSI C84.1-1995, the total input harmonic
current distortion at any reduced load condition shall not exceed the full load THID by
more than 50% (i.e.: if 5% THID at full load, then 7.5% THID at reduced load when
voltage unbalance is >1%),

2.5 AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCHES AND CONTROLS


Provide and install automatic transfer & bypass-isolation switch (ATS/BPS) system(s)
with number of poles, current rating, voltage, withstand and close-on ratings as
shown on the drawings. Each automatic transfer shall consist of an inherently double
throw power transfer switch mechanism and a microprocessor controller to provide
automatic operation. All automatic transfer & bypass-isolation switches and
controllers shall be the products of the same manufacturer. These switches shall be
separate cubicle mounted and located as shown on the relevant drawing. Coordinate
with the requirements of the rating as shown on the LV schematics.
Coordinate the incoming and outgoing maximum ampere ratings required to serve
the load, complete with the following features and characteristics. Provide necessary
equipment and interconnection wiring to ensure proper functioning of controls in
accomplishing the sequence of operation outlined herein and with the transfer switch
accessories outlined. Note change over ACBs/MCCBs shall not be accepted.
Include the following components and functions.
Full Relay Protection for 3-Ph, 4-wire System. Transfer to emergency source when
voltage on any phase drops to 70 percent or less. Retransfer to normal when all
phase voltages are 90 percent or more.
Adjustable time delay on generator start sequence, 10 seconds maximum, in all
second intervals.
Adjustable time delay on automatic transfer to normal, 15 to 30 minutes in 1 minute
intervals. If the emergency source fails and power is available from the normal
source, the time delay shall be defeated and the transfer operation immediately
initiated.
Two normally open and two normally closed auxiliary contacts on main shaft.
Mounted pilot light to indicate switch in normal position.
Mounted pilot light to indicate switch in emergency position.
Engine Starting Contacts.
Test switch and necessary equipment for remote test switch.
Under-frequency Relay.
Other Controls as necessary for the smooth automatic function of the system.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

Switched neutral contacts: The neutral of the normal and emergency power sources
shall be switched through a fourth pole of the transfer switch which shall be non-
overlapping (break before make) and shall operate with the main poles of the switch.
In phase Monitor Control. The transfer switch shall include an in phase monitor to
protect against abnormal inrush currents, which may result from out-of-phase transfer
of motor loads. The monitor shall initiate operation of the transfer switch when the
remote or local pushbutton is actuated and the phase angle between both sources is
approaching zero phase angle. The motor currents upon reconnection shall not
exceed normal starting values. In-phase transfer shall be provided in either direction
whenever both power sources are above 70% of nominal voltage.
The in-phase monitor shall incorporate silicon semiconductor control logic and an
industrial grade output relay, rated for operation of the transfer switch. The inphase
monitor shall be automatic transfer switch.
Sequence of Operation.
The transfer switch shall be interlocked to provide the operation specified herein. In
addition to those specified herein, all relays and sensing devices shall be provided to
accomplish the functions.
When normal power fails on the transfer switch (adjustable time delay relay set at 1
to 2 seconds) the engine-generator starting sequence shall be initiated.
When emergency power is available at the transfer switch that indicates failure of
normal power, the transfer switch shall transfer without delay. Voltage and frequency
relay settings as required.
A. The ATS/BPS shall be rated to close on and withstand the available RMS
symmetrical short circuit current at the ATS/BPS terminals with the type of
overourrent protection shown on the plans.
B. The ATS/BPS shall be tested in accordance with BSEN-6-497-6-1 and be
labelled accordingly. Type test certificates from a recognised test laboratory
shall be provided.
Tests and Certification
The complete ATS/BPS shall be factory tested to ensure proper operation of the
individual components and correct overall sequence of operation and to ensure that
the operating transfer time, voltage, frequency and time delay settings are in
compliance with the specification requirements.
Upon request, the manufacturer shall provide factory test certificates certifying
compliance with all of the requirements of this specification including compliance with
the above codes and standards, and withstand and closing ratings. The certification
shall identify, by serial number(s), the equipment involved. No exceptions to the
specifications, other than those stipulated at the time of the submittal, shall be
included in the certification.
The ATS/BPS manufacturer shall be certified to ISO 9001 International Quality
Standard and the manufacturer shall have third party certification verifying quality
assurance in design/development, production, and installation and servicing in
accordance with ISO 9001.
Service Representation
The ATS/BPS manufacturer shall maintain a national service organization of
company-employed personnel located throughout the UAE. The service centre’s
personnel must be factory trained and must be on call 24 hours a day, 365 days a
year.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

The manufacturer shall maintain records of each switch, by serial number, for a
minimum of 20 years.
MONITORING AND CONTROLS
Monitoring/recording instruments and meters shall be provided in switchboard and
control panel all necessary transducers, current transformers, sensors and other
accessories required for remote control and operation by the local control network
and the BMS.
The switchboard manufacturer shall allow sufficient space and accessibility for such
equipment and also provide wiring and terminals sufficient in number and adequate
capacity for the field wiring.

2.6 CONTROL PANELS & MOTOR CONTROL CENTRES:


Where designated on the drawing, or the Mechanical Services Specification, all
MCCs above 400A rating shall be constructed as described for L.V. Switchboards
and in accordance with BSEN 60439-1 Form 4 Type 2 having draw-out cubicles.
All other control panels 400 Amps and below shall be of BSEN 60439-1 :( 1994)
Form 2 construction and as generally constructed as described for SMDBs and to the
approval of the Engineer.
The MCCs and panels which form part of the automatic control systems of the
Building Services systems shall be fully coordinated to operate with the system to
achieve the desired effects. For specific details of the MCC, operation, interlocks,
controls and function refer to relevant Electrical and Mechanical Services
Specifications.
All MCCs and Control Panels shall be provided with instruments, indications,
labelling, and all other relevant components described elsewhere in the
specifications.
The panels shall be assembled at factory and the Engineer reserves the right to
inspect the manufacturer’s workshop and equipment before approving the
manufacturer and from time to time during the construction to satisfy himself that the
best workmanship is being employed.
The panels shall be suitable for operation of 380 V phase 4 wire 50 Hz and full
neutral in all circuits. Control circuits supply shall be 220V 50 Hz. Line to neutral. All
equipment shall be rated at 50 deg C and 90% saturation ambient conditions.
Construction and finish shall be as specified in Y71 2020A. Degree of ingress
protection shall be in accordance with BS EN60529, IP54.
The MCCs and other control panels shall house all components required for the
proper and safe functioning of the mechanical plant in line with the design intent and
control philosophy detailed in these documents.
On the front of each panel shall be fitted the H-O-A switches for all equipment
controlled from that panel including indications for ‘Run’, ‘Trip’ etc. Ammeters for all
motors above 5 kW rating, indications such as power ON, control power ON, hour
run meters (where specified), hooter (with Mute push button) for common fault on
panel and other indications as described elsewhere in the specification. The hooter
shall be used to annunciate an audio alarm.
All MCC’s and pump control panels (all pumps including Transfer and Booster Pump)
shall include:
- Timers for staggered starting of the connected motors
- Ammeters for all motors above 5kW

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

2.7 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES


Each VFD shall be designed and manufactured in accordance with the current
edition of the following European and international standards and directives:
EN 55011 - Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics
(EMC Emission)
EN 50178- Electronic equipment for use in Power Installations
EN 61800-3 - Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems - Part 3: EMC product
standard
EN 61000-3-2 - Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current below
16 A per phase)
prEN 61000-3-4 - Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current
above 16 A per phase)
ENV 50140- EMC/Radiated radio frequency electrical field (simulation of impact from
GSM telephones)
EMC Directive 89/336/EEC
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC
EN50082-2 - Generic Immunity, Industry
EN61000-4-2 / lEO 1000-4-2 - ElectroStatic Discharge (EMC Immunity)
EN61000-4-3 I IEC 1000-4-3 - Radiated electromagnetic field (EMC Immunity)
EN61000-4-4 / IEC 1000-4-4 - Burst (EMC Immunity)
EN61000-4-5 / lEO 1000-4-5 - Surge (EMC Immunity)
EN61000-4-6 I lEO 1000-4-6 - Cable born HF (EMC Immunity)
UK Electricity Association Recommendation 05/4 Stage 2 (EMC Emission)
Design Criteria
The variable frequency drive shall be designed for HVAC applications, shall be of the
pulse width modulated voltage vector control type and shall be able to operate any
asynchronous AC motor with a variable torque load.
Regulatory Requirements
The variable frequency drives must be CE marked in accordance with the EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC and the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC.
A Manufacturers Declaration must be issued in accordance with the Machine
Directive 89/392/EEC and amendments 91/368/EEC and 93/44/EEC.
Conducted Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) shall be in accordance with EN
55011 Group 1 Class B with built-in RFI filters.
The Total Harmonic Voltage Distortion in the electrical power system shall not
exceed 5% at the Point of Common Coupling (transformer secondary side).
The variable frequency drive immunity shall be in accordance with EN 50082-2. The
manufacturer shall be certified in accordance with ISO 14001: 1996 Environmental
Quality Assurance
The variable frequency drives shall be manufactured in accordance with ISO 9001:
1994 Quality Systems.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

To ensure quality and minimize infantile failures at the jobsite, every VFD shall be
tested by the manufacturer. The VFD shall operate a dynamometer at full load and
the load and speed shall be cycled during the test.
All optional features shall be functionally tested at the factory for proper operation.
Contractor shall submit installation and manufacturer’s drawings and performance
data including:
 dimensional and layout drawings
 power circuit diagrams
 installation and maintenance manuals
 warranty description
 VFD’s full load ampere rating
 UL certification agency file numbers
 catalog information
The specification lists the minimum VFD performance requirements for this project.
Each supplier shall list any exceptions to the specification. If no departures from the
specification are identified, the supplier shall be bound by the specification.
The VFD manufacturer shall carry out a harmonics study to determine compliance
with the standards listed.
Where specified, necessary provision shall be made for interfacing with BMS (or
other remote panel) as required under Mechanical and Electrical specification.
Motors for Equipment with VFD shall comply with the following:
- The variable frequency drive motors shall be tested in accordance with VFD and
motor manufacturers specific recommendations.
- The motor shall be of a special high efficiency design specifically intended for
variable load and variable speed applications to provide optimized efficiency
performance at partial load conditions.

2.8 CABLES & CABLES ACCESSORIES AND INSTALLATION


2.8.1 General
The Contractor shall supply and install a complete network of cables and wiring to
the satisfaction and approval of the Engineer.
All works shall be carried out in accordance with DEWA Regulations, latest edition of
the IEE Regulations for Electrical Installations and the recommendations of the
equipment manufacturer.
All cables passing through all floors and other fire compartment barriers shall be fire
stopped using an approved proprietary fire resistant system. A 100mm up-stand shall
be constructed at floor level around electrical risers before the cables are installed.
Care shall be taken to ensure that the application of the fire sealant does not run
down the cables.
Cabling will be as detailed in the schematics or on layout drawings.
All cable must comply with the relevant British Standards Specifications and from an
approved manufacturer or equal and approved.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

The Contractor shall be responsible for ascertaining the lengths of all cable and
associated containment as shown in the drawings, the costs of which are allowed in
the contract sum.
All cable, wires, bus-bars and other conductors shall be of copper unless otherwise
specified.
No cable installation work shall be carried out in temperatures at which the cable
being installed is likely to suffer damage.
Each drum length of cable shall be allotted a distinctive and separate reference
number. This number shall appear on the test sheets covering the respective length
of cable and shall also be clearly marked on the cable drum. The Contractor shall
advise the Engineer upon delivery to site of each drum length, quoting this reference
number, which shall also appear on the invoices.
All cables shall be delivered to site with the manufacturer’s seals, labels or other
proof or origin intact. These labels and seals shall not be removed until the cable is
required for use and shall be retained for inspection by the Engineer.
The arrangement of cables and all methods of installation shall be approved by the
Engineer.
Cables shall be installed from terminal point to terminal point and straight through
joints shall not be made unless approved.
The radius of each bend or change in direction of the route of any cable shall not be
less than specified in the relevant British Standard Specifications, and shall generally
not be less than eight times the overall diameter of the cable.
The spacing of cable supports shall be those laid down for the relevant size and type
of cable in the relevant British Standard Specifications, but the horizontal longitudinal
distance between wire armoured cable support centres shall not exceed 1 metre, the
horizontal distance between support centres of unarmoured cables shall not exceed
800mm and the distance between support centres for either type of cable on vertical
runs is not to exceed I metre. Cables of and less than 50mm external diameter shall
be supported at not more than 800mm centres.
The cables shall be installed as shown in the drawings and to the approval of the
Engineer.
Single core cables forming a three-phase group shall be fixed in trefoil with cleats of
approved aluminium alloy pattern or similar.
Unarmoured PVC cables and wires shall be enclosed in trunking or conduit unless
otherwise stated
Cables shall be installed with spacing and spacing factors, which take account of the
ratings calculated in accordance with the relevant standards, allow for the easy
withdrawal and replacement without disturbing other cables and for the installation of
25% additional cables if required.
All cables with an outside diameter of more than 10 mm shall be fixed to
trays/ladders with approved cleats, cables less than this size may be fixed with cable
ties.
Power cables when installed on trays shall not be more than one layer and to the
approval of the Engineer.

2.8.2 Buried Cable


Cables buried in the ground shall be laid as follows:
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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

(a) Underground armoured cables shall normally be laid at 90cm below the
ground level and provided with a layer of at least 15 cm impervious soil
around. Where protective covers are required, they shall be carefully centred
over the cables, throughout their length. The covers shall be of adequate
width to protect the cables, with a minimum overlap on each side of 50 mm.
Coloured PVC warning tapes shall be laid after filling, above the cable, upto
30 cm below the ground level. A safety distance of 300 mm to other services
such as water pipes, communication cables, gas and oil pipes, etc., shall be
observed with the cables crossing the other utilities perpendicularly.
(b) Soft sand shall be sieved, washed and free from large granular particles and
sea- shells.
(c) Cable tiles shall be interlocking reinforced concrete type to the approval of the
Engineer.
(d) Marker tape shall be 150 mm wide yellow PVC with black legend “Danger
Electric Cables Below” marked in Arabic and English languages.
(e) All control and power cables shall be laid separately under strict observation
of their permissible bending radius, generally taken as 8 times the overall
diameter of the cable.
(f) Special precautions shall be taken to ensure that no closed iron magnetic
circuit is formed around single core cables laid in single or trefoil formation, or
around any cable liable to carry unbalanced load currents.
(g) The pulling and fixing of cables and the making of all terminations and joints
are to be strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, using the
recommended tools and appliances for the purpose.
(h) The Contractor shall be responsible for any damage caused by him to the
buildings or other services and shall be responsible also for making good any
damage so caused by his works.
2.8.3 Cable Installation
All new main and sub-main circuit cables shall be XLPE insulated stranded copper
conductors, single galvanised steel wire armoured, PVC sheathed overall, 600/1000
volts grade.
Cable shall be rated and selected as per IEE Regulations and installed following the
manufacturer's recommendations.
2.8.4 Cable Glands
(a) SWA cables - Type CW, brass, outdoor type complete with brass backnut,
earth tag and shroud
(b) Flexible cables - Type A1/A2, brass or PVC compression gland complete with
backnut and shroud.
2.8.5 Cable Cleats
Hook cleats, secured by galvanised studding, galvanised wall anchors, or brass
wood screws into plastic wall plugs as appropriate.
Conduit type saddles will not be approved.
Maximum spacing of supports shall be 400 mm horizontal and 500 mm vertical

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

2.8.6 Cable Markers


Markers shall be white thread-on type fitted to carrier strip, with black
lettering/numbering and to be fitted so as to read outward from terminations. Carrier
strip shall be secured by black nylon ties.
2.8.7 Wire Marker Ferrules
Wire markers ferrules shall be white thread-on type with lettering/numbering in black
and shall be fixed so as to read outward from terminal. Oversize markers shall not be
approved.
2.8.8 Cable Lugs
Cable lugs shall be tinned copper compression type.
2.8.9 Cable Ties
For indoor installations cables are to be secured by heavy duty nylon locking ties on
horizontal runs at a maximum spacing of 600 mm.
For vertical cable runs, PVC coated aluminium strip, punched and shaped to form
saddles and secured by galvanised steel slotted mushroom head bolts and nuts shall
be evenly spaced at a maximum distance of 600 mm.
For all outdoor installations PVC coated aluminium strip shall be utilised for securing
cable.
2.8.10 Cable Terminations.
At all terminations of wires and cables, the insulation shall be neatly stripped without
nicking the strands of the conductors. Cable lugs for power cables shall be of the
correct size for both conductor cross sectional area and fixing hole diameters. Cable
glands or clamps shall be fitted in all cases to prevent any stress being borne by the
conductors or the terminals. It is important that the sealing compound and sleeves
used in terminations should be selected to suit the service temperature conditions
under which the cable is to operate.
No termination will be accepted if the insulation reading, 24 Hr after making off, is
less than 100 Mega Ohms using a standard 500 or l000 volt Insulation Tester (HV
and MV cables only).
Where cable terminations are likely to be disturbed for maintenance purpose, some
slack cable in a loop or other suitable form can be allowed at a convenient place in
the run.
2.8.11 Cable Data
The Contractor shall submit all the technical data pertaining to each type and kind of
power and control cable covered by the Contract, giving the following information:
- Item and code number
- Description and location
- Manufacturer and catalogue number
- Type of cable, insulation, armour and sheath
- Cross-sectional area in mm2
- Current carrying capacity in Amps
- Derating factor/ambient temperature
- Grouping factor

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

- Length in metres
- Type of cable termination
- Maximum short-circuit capacity in kA.
- Voltage drop
2.8.12 Cable Schedule
A cable schedule is to be submitted to the Engineer after the completion of the Works
and shall indicate the cable numbers, cable diameter, voltage, number of conductors,
conductor size, termination and connections at each end, and the cable route.

2.9 WIRING INSTALLATION


PVC insulated stranded copper to BS 6004 or equivalent EN standard shall be used
for wiring installation.
All wiring shall be in phase colours throughout - Red, Yellow, Blue, with Black for
neutral conductors. Coloured tape marking on non-standard wiring shall not be
approved. The Earth Continuity Conductors shall be with an outer serving of yellow
and green stripes.

2.10 Cable Tray


Cable trays shall be perforated and manufactured from solid steel complying with BS
1449 or equivalent EN standard
All power cables shall be run on perforated, heavy duty, galvanized cable tray or
cable ladder unless otherwise specified.
The spacing between cables on cable trays shall not be less than 1 cable diameter,
with greater spacing where ever possible with the Engineer’s approval. Cables shall
be fixed to tray and ladders by cleats on all vertical runs and by cleats (or cable ties
for smaller cables less than 10 mm outside diameter) on horizontal runs. Cable
ladder and tray shall be supported by galvanised steel channel systems to the
approval of the Engineer.
Cables/cable tray/ladder systems shall be routed as indicated on the drawings.
However all cable routes shall be carefully coordinated by the Contractor with the
building structure and other services to provide adequate access for maintenance
and proper installation of cables. Cable trays/ladders may be stacked in layers
provided this does not impede the free flow of air and/or affect the ratings of the
cables and be to the Engineers approval.
Trays and ladders shall be adequately supported to prevent sagging by more than 3°
between fixed points; all supporting steelwork shall be fixed at not more than
1000mm centres unless otherwise specified or approved.
Cable tray/ladders mounted externally on roofs and other exposed locations and
where there is a potential for mechanical damage, shall be suitably protected against
solar radiation, heat, dust and mechanical damage. The protection shall be arranged
so as not to interfere with the natural ventilation of the cables.
All external fixings and brackets shall be fabricated of steel, which is hot-dip
galvanized after fabrication,
All internal fixings shall be fabricated with proprietary galvanised channel to
Engineer’s approval.
All fresh cuts and any surface damage shall be treated with approved zinc rich cold
galvanizing paint.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

Cable tray/ladder routes shall be coordinated with the architectural/structural features


and all other services. Spacing of the cables on trays/ladders shall be according to
the cable selection calculations for current rating, voltage drop calculations and short
circuit currents and to the approval of the Engineer.
All cable trays shall be of the heavy duty return flange type and is supplied in 2400
mm or 3000 mm length as appropriate.
Trays up to but not exceeding 150 mm wide shall be of 20 SWG minimum thickness;
trays of 150 mm to 375 mm width shall be of 16 SWG minimum thickness and trays
of width 450 mm to 600 mm shall be of 14 SWG thickness.
Tray installations shall be complete with all accessories, mounting brackets,
couplings, bends, tees, intersections etc. from the same manufacturer. Trays and
accessories shall be hot dip galvanised. Sections shall be joined together with
minimum M6 mushroom headed safety bolts and nuts to comply with BS 1494 or
equivalent EN standard
Holes cut in trays for the passage of cables shall be drilled and suitably bushed with
lead. Cuts, marks, and abrasions shall be treated with cold galvanising compound
and finished with a matching paint.
Earth continuity shall be ensured throughout the entire installation. Adequate copper
earthing strips shall be fitted at every joint.
Supports shall be galvanised steel spaced so as not to exceed the manufacturer
recommendations. Where building design features preclude maximum support
spacing, additional strengthening and bracing of the tray plate shall be incorporated
to the Engineer's approval.

2.11 Cable Ducts


The contractor shall supply and install cable ducts during the floor construction stage
of the project.
Cable ducts are to be thick-walled PVC pipe, as denoted on the Drawings, and to the
approval of the Engineer. Ducts shall remain full and clear throughout their lengths.
Bends, where necessary, shall be of sufficiently large radius to allow easy drawing in
of cables. Generally, bending radii shall not be less than six times the internal pipe
diameters.
Where necessary, ducts shall be cast in the structure to accommodate cable routes,
and the Contractor is responsible for ensuring all such ducts are installed to the
approval of the Engineer prior to casting. All cable openings through structure and
walls shall be sleeved in an approved manner as shown in the installation drawings.
Cable ducts shall be installed without joints, except where this is unavoidable due to
the installed length exceeding manufacturing standard duct lengths. Joints should be
purpose supplied sleeved type. There shall be no internal projections or sharp edges.
Bell mouths shall be provided on each cable duct orifice to avoid damage to cable
sheaths.
Each length of cable run shall be cleaned and dried with the aid of a cloth swab
drawn through its length. Draw cords, consisting of a length of nylon rope, minimum
diameter of 5 mm. shall be left in each cable duct with sufficient length at each end
for the attachment of cables or further draw-wires.
The ducts shall be sealed at each end with fire proof duct sealing compound.
Cable ducts running external to the building foundations shall be haunched in
concrete for protection and to prevent sagging. They shall be terminated at their
outer ends in concrete haunching.
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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

2.12 CONDUITS & CONDUITS INSTALLATION


2.12.1 General
All conduits throughout shall be of sufficiently large section and so arranged with
sufficient number of draw-in boxes to allow easy drawing in or out of any or all of the
cables. Care shall be exercised to ensure that the number of wires in a conduit shall
not exceed the number set out in the IEE Wiring Regulations.
Provide conduits in accordance with the relevant British Standards and in particular
the requirements of BS 7671 Requirements for Electrical Installations (The lEE
Wiring Regulations). Ensure appropriate IP rating for installations in external areas as
well as in damp indoor locations and plant rooms. The IP rating for these areas shall
be a minimum of IP54 and to the approval of the Engineer. All materials including the
accessories shall meet this requirement. Ensure all sections of trunking and conduits
are electrically continuous by fixing proprietary earth straps and final cable end
connections. For all runs passing through fire walls/compartments provide approved
fire barriers both around and within trunking/conduit to Engineers approval. GI
conduits shall generally be of Class 2 finish but where required by the Engineer like
in wet plant rooms etc, the finish shall be Class 4. completely erected throughout its
length.
Throughout the conduit shall be of adequate cross section and arranged with suitably
sized “draw-in’ boxes to allow for easy draw in or out of any one or all of the cables,
the number of which shall not exceed that set out in table 12 of the IEE. Regulations
(16th Edition) – BS 7671.
The minimum of diameter of any conduit shall be minimum 20 mm. No conduit less
than 20mm diameter shall be used and separate conduits shall be used to segregate
different services. Conduits shall not be installed above or within 150 mm of pipes
carrying steam/hot water or any other service or corrosive element that is liable to
cause electrical or mechanical breakdown/interference.
Where conduits are run in screeds, every effort shall be made to avoid conduits
crossing. Where this is unavoidable they shall cross at point locations only as
approved by the Engineer.
Structural concrete must not be chased to allow the passage of conduits without
consent of the Engineer and then only in the manner indicated by the Engineer.
In in-situ concrete walls, floors screeds the conduit and boxes shall be held firmly but
without deformation, in an approved manner, so that they are absolutely rigid until
and while the concrete is poured and/or vibrated.
Plaster depth boxes shall not be used without prior approval of the Engineer.
Conduit runs on finished walls, etc, shall be installed vertically above or below
equipment, accessories, etc. with any necessary horizontal runs installed at high
level only, unless approved otherwise by the Engineer.
All conduits shall be run in square and symmetrical lines, be carefully planned before
installation is commenced and be indicated or marked out on site for approval by the
Engineer.
Where multiple parallel runs would occur, use shall be made of cable trunking with
removable lid.
Where a number of conduits converge, large adaptable boxes shall be utilised in
order to avoid crossovers.
Conduits shall be saddled to the structure of the building within 150 mm of each box,
bend or fitting and at intervals as follows:

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

Conduit Size Spacing


20mm 0.6m
25mm and larger 1.0 m
In PVC conduit installations small circular conduit boxes and extension rings shall be
PVC and be provided with brass earthing terminals. Where used with lighting fittings
or other outlets they shall incorporate rigid metal fixing lugs, so designated that they
remain effective even if the PVC box of extension ring softens due to high working
temperatures.
In PVC conduit installations fixing saddles shall be PVC of the standard spacer bar
type comprising a spacer bar approximately 3 mm thick with a single fixing hole and
a strap secured to the base by two screws.
The fixing saddles shall allow for the longitudinal expansion and contraction of the
conduits, which may occur with variation of temperature.
The conduit system shall be mechanically continuous throughout. Joints and
connections shall be carefully cemented with an adhesive recommended by the
manufacturer of the conduit to ensure that the conduit bore is not reduced.
Corners shall be turned with easy bends or sets, formed in the manner
recommended by the manufacturer of the conduit, without altering the section of the
conduit. Alternatively, normal or half normal bends shall be used.
Where PVC conduits pass directly through concrete, terrazzo or similar floors, they
shall be sleeved with metal conduit finished category Class 4. The metal conduit shall
be flush with the underside of the floor and extend 300 mm above the top surface
and be plugged with a suitable mastic.
In general recessed conduits or conduits concealed behind suspended ceilings may
be PVC type unless otherwise specified.
Unless otherwise specified all plant rooms, LV Rooms and areas where surface
installation work is being carried out conduits shall be of galvanised steel.
Conduit runs shall be determined by the Contractor and agreed by the Engineer
before any work is started. Conduit shall be run at least 150mm clear of plumbing
and mechanical services.
The runs shall also be arranged so that any condensation moisture can drain to the
lowest point, where a screwed plug shall be provided for the purpose of ‘draining off.
Conduit runs, particularly where visible shall be arranged in a neat and
inconspicuous manner.
Where conduits cross expansion joints, the Contractor shall install expansion
couplers at the position of the expansion joint and at right angles to it. He shall install
an earth wire between the nearest conduit box on each side of the coupler and shall
drill and tap the boxes to a size of not less than M4 and make the earth connection
by means of ‘Ross Courtney’ or other approved type terminal washer and brass
screw.
The resistance between any point in the installation and the earth terminal on the
main switchboard is not to exceed 1 ohm. The Contractor must take tests during the
erection of the conduits, to check this resistance. Full particulars of these tests are to
be recorded and submitted to the Engineer.
Draw-in boxes shall be provided in all straight conduit runs at 9m or containing two
right-angle bends at 7.5m centres. Not more than two right-angle bends shall be
installed between boxes.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

Conduit systems concealed in walls, floors and roof slabs shall be so designed that
the wiring can be readily inserted after the whole of the conduit installation has been
erected and all wall, ceiling and floor finishes have been completed. All conduit
chased into walls shall be recessed sufficiently to permit a minimum thickness of
6mm of plaster or other finish to be obtained over the conduit. No boxes shall be
installed in voids where access cannot be readily obtained. No draw in boxes other
than a point box shall be installed in plastered wall or ceiling where the conduit work
is flush, except within cupboards or switch rooms, or where permission is given by
the Engineer. Where the conduits are flush in walls, but cannot be so in the ceiling,
the rising wall conduit will finish in a flush terminal box, approximately 150/180mm
below the ceiling level. Fitted over this box, a skeleton type terminal box would then
change over to surface conduit with a right-angle bend onto the ceiling.
Surface mounted conduits shall be secured (at a maximum interval of 1.2m) by
means of spacer bar saddles where multiple runs occur, but ‘distance’ saddles shall
be used on individual runs such as down drops to switches and plug points. Running
threads and sockets secured by locknuts shall be provided for every length of run.
In no case shall the conduits be mounted directly on the surface of walls and ceilings,
a minimum spacing of 6mm to the back of the conduit being required.
All fixings shall be by means of screws and/or bolts. Where walls are plugged,
special plugs or plugging materials shall be used for fixing purposes. Wood plugs are
not accepted.
The use of nailed clips is restricted to the securing of conduits in wall chases pending
plastering or other finishes.
On fair faced brickwork 12mm saddles shall be used, with cast iron saddles on rough
concrete and brickwork.
Purpose made fixing clips and brackets may be necessary in buildings of special
construction or in industrial premises, and the Contractor shall be deemed to be
aware of this at the time of tendering and to have included for the supply and fixing of
same in his quotation.
Details of proposed clips and/or brackets shall be submitted to the Engineer for
approval prior to the manufacture of same being commenced.
Holes shall not be drilled in any structural steelwork or pre-stressed concrete without
first obtaining the approval of the Engineer.
Where it is proposed to use cartridge fired bolts for fixing into brickwork or concrete,
approval shall first be obtained from the Engineer. This ruling also applies to stud
welded fixings on steel structures.
Conduits shall be terminated in accessories, switchboards or other equipment either
by being screwed into the tapped spout or hole where such is provided, or by locking
into clearance holes by means of couplers and smooth bore male metal bushes.
Ring bushes and lock/nuts for this purpose will not be accepted.
Conduit boxes, both standard and adaptable, shall be fixed to the structure of the
building independently of the conduit.
All PVC conduit joints shall be properly joined and sealed in accordance with the
manufacturers recommendations with approved solvent cement.
All conduits shall be run so as to facilitate self draining to outlet boxes. Each length at
conduit shall be cleaned and dried with the help of a swab drawn through its length
and all boxes shall be cleaned to remove moisture before installing the cables.

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Conduit bends shall be made with the bore of the tube remaining full and free
throughout and all conduit shall be perfectly smooth inside and outside, free from any
burrs and sharp corners. Bends shall be made by using an approved type of bending
machine to give results consistent with the best grades of craftsmanship.
No more than two right angle bends shall be permitted between draw-in boxes. No
diagonal runs of conduits shall be allowed. Conduits concealed above suspended
ceilings shall run parallel to walls and beams and those concealed in walls shall be
run vertical and/or horizontal
All conduits laid below floors shall be effectively secured, positioned and protected
against mechanical damage and ingress of dust and debris, etc. Allowance shall be
made for thermal expansion and contraction of straight runs.
Ceiling boxes for lighting fittings, boxes for flush pattern switches, socket outlets, etc.,
shall be recessed square into the structure until the front edges are level with the
finished surface of the plaster, insulating board, or other finish.
2.12.2 Galvanised Mild Steel (GMS) Conduits
Unless otherwise specified, all surface mounted conduits and accessories shall be of
GMS type.
GMS conduit shall be hot dip galvanised, both inside and outside.
All fittings and accessories shall be galvanised and be by the same manufacturer as
the conduits.
Saddles shall be spacer bar type, spaced to comply with IEE Regulations.
There shall be no exposed threads at any conduit fitting or accessory, including
bends and couplings. Running threads will not be approved.
Minor marks and abrasions shall be treated with cold galvanising compound and then
finished with a matching metallic paint.
2.12.3 PVC Conduits.
PVC conduits shall be high impact rigid heavy gauge tube complying with BS 4607,
Part 1 and 2 and BS 6099. All fittings and accessories shall be of the same
manufacture as the tubes.
Minimum wall thickness of PVC conduits shall be 1.8 mm.
All conduits shall be unthreaded, slip fit and push-on type. Plain couplers shall be
used unless otherwise specified. All joints shall be made by weatherproof adhesive
as recommended by the manufacturer.
Terminations in metal equipment and accessories with a tapped entry shall employ
flanged couplings locked to the metal case and smooth bore brass or PVC bushes.
At all expansion joints in the structure, expansion couplers shall be installed. Draw-in
boxes and switch boxes shall be PVC. These shall be provided with earth terminals.
Wherever necessary, flexible/metallic conduits and approved type of adapters only
shall be used.
Spacing of conduit runs from other services shall be to the following minimum values:
(i) Distance from Cold water pipes - 80 mm
(ii) Distance from Hot water pipes -250 mm
(iii) Distance from Air ducts - 80 mm
White colour is preferred for surface run conduits.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

2.13 TRUNKING AND TRUNKING INSTALLATION


2.13.1 General
Heavy gauge trunking of approved manufacture shall be used in lieu of multiple
conduit runs. The trunking shall be rigidly supported along its entire length at
intervals not exceeding those stated in IEE Regulations and the manufacturer's
recommendations. On horizontal runs the lid or cover shall always face upwards.
Under no circumstances will cutting or bending of trunking to form flanges and
attachments be permitted. Fittings shall include couplings, flanged couplings, angles,
bends and tee units, dividers and retainers and shall be from the same manufacturer
as the trunking.
Trunking run horizontally shall be provided with cable separators with insulated pins
at 925 mm intervals.
Trunking run vertically shall be provided with a cable support unit with insulated pins
at 3000 mm intervals.
Where trunking passes through floors and walls, fibreglass or an approved ceramic
fibre packing shall be fixed into the trunking to form effective fire barriers.
2.13.2 Mild Steel Trunking.
Unless otherwise specified, all trunking and accessories shall be of galvanised type.
Metal trunking and lids shall be constructed from sheet steel complying with BS 1449
or equivalent EN standard and be finished stove enamelled inside and outside.
Galvanised trunking shall comply with BS 2989 or equivalent EN standard
The thickness of the sheet steel for the different trunking sizes shall be as follows:
Up to but not including 50 x 50 mm - minimum 30 SWG
From 50 x 50 mm to 75 x 75 mm - minimum 18 SWG
From 75 x 75 mm to 225 x 150 mm - minimum 16 SWG
Metallic trunking shall be bonded to earth at all joints and intersections. Lengths of
trunking shall be efficiently bonded to each other by the use of strip copper links not
less than 12 mm wide and 2 mm thick, fixed with brass bolts, nuts and serrated
washers. All lengths shall be connected by "fish-plate” type connectors. All trunking
shall be supplied with cable retaining straps at intervals of 925 mm.
2.13.3 PVC Trunking
Rigid heavy gauge high impact PVC trunking, to BS 4678 or equivalent EN standard
of approved manufacture shall be used in lieu of multiple conduit runs. Trunking shall
be rigidly supported along its entire length and supplied complete with fittings from
the same manufacturer. Fittings shall include couplings, flanged couplings, angle and
tee unit dividers and retainers.
The method of trunking support, support spacing, installation, joining and allowance
for expansion shall be carried out to manufacturer's recommendations.
Colour of surface run trunking shall be white.

3 LIGHTING AND SMALL POWER INSTALLATION

3.1 General
a. Lighting fixtures shall be supplied by client.

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b. The contactor shall be responsible for installation, testing and commissioning


of the light fittings.
c. All fixtures exact locations shall be determined on site in consultation with the
Engineer.
d. In areas with false ceilings, the Contractor shall liaise with the false ceiling
specialists and also with the air-conditioning sub-contractor wherever
required, to facilitate installation of lighting fixtures.
e. Fixtures installed in external areas shall be weather-proof and insect proof,
and those installed in damp locations shall be totally enclosed to prevent
ingress of moisture.
Lighting fittings for interior and exterior use are to be manufactured and tested
together with all components and shall be suitable for service and operation under
the site environmental conditions.

3.2 LIGHT FITTINGS SPECIFICATION

DESCRIPTION AS PER DRAWING TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF


LIGHT FITTING
2x28W FLUORESCENT LIGHT FITTING Elec Room, Pump Room, Service Room:- 2*18W, T5
Led tube with fittings, 1800lm, 3000K warm white, Beam
Angle-120 Degree, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-T8A
1200A 18WA4

DUST TIGHT AND WEATHER PROOF LIGHT Basement Car parking:- 2*18W, T5 Led tube with
FIXTURE WITH 2x36W FLUORESCENT LAMPS. fittings, 1800lm, 3000K warm white, Beam Angle-120
Degree, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-T8A 1200A 18WA4

4x14W 600x600 RECESSED LIGHT FITTING WITH Restaurant, Gym, Housekeeping, Kitchen, Buffet counter
OLC OPTIC Area:- 72W led panel light, 3000K warm white, 2560lm,
120 Degree beam angle, Dimension: 595*595mm*H
11mm, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-MDF600W360A4

1x18W SURFACE MOUNTED TYPE LIGHT FITTING Staircase Area:- 21W Surface mounted led panel Down
Lights, Warm white,3000K, 1350lm, 120 Degree Beam
Angle,IP54, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-
SMDY180W96A4

2x32W RECESSED TYPE DOWN LIGHT Wide Corridor:- 35W led down Light, recessed mounted,
2800lm, 3000K warm white, 2800lm, 90 degree beam
angle, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: Model No.: SL-
DLD282A35W & Lobby & Wash Basin 6W Led lamp,
GU10 lamp holder, MR16 spot light fitting, 410lm, GE
lamp(Europe), Secom fitting, Spain

1 X 40W WALL MOUNTED LIGHT FIXTURE Near Swimming Pool Area:- 21W Surface mounted led
panel Down Lights, Warm white,3000K, 1350lm, 120
Degree Beam Angle,IP54, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-
SMDY180W96A4

50W DOWN SPOT LIGHT Lobby & Wash Basin:- 6W Led lamp, GU10 lamp holder,
MR16 spot light fitting, 410lm, GE lamp(Europe), Secom
fitting, Spain

2x18W RECESSED TYPE DOWN LIGHT Lobby:- 29W led down light, recessed mounted, 3000k
warm white, 90 degree beam angle, Sinolumi, china, Ref
No: SL-LRDL10-29W

1x18W RECESSED TYPE DOWN LIGHT 15W led down light, recessed mounted, 3000k warm

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

white, 1100lm, 90 degree beam angle, Sinolumi, china,


Ref No: SL-LRDL5-15W

1 X 40W BULKHEAD LIGHT FIXTURE Water Tank, LPG Tank, Near Pump & Service Room and
lift shaft:- 21W Surface mounted led panel Down Lights,
Warm white,3000K, 1350lm, 120 Degree Beam
Angle,IP54, Sinolumi, China, Ref No: SL-
SMDY180W96A4

DOWN LIGHT 15W led down light, recessed mounted, 3000k warm
white, 1100lm, 90 degree beam angle, Sinolumi, china,
Ref No: SL-LRDL5-15W

3.3 Bath/Shower Room Outlets


Unless specifically designed for use in such areas, there shall be no switch or switch
socket outlet located within rooms with fixed bath or shower installations.
All lighting fittings shall be fully enclosed, with dust and damp protecting diffusers.

3.4 Toilet and Washroom Outlets


Switches shall be located remote from wash basins and sinks. Power supply to the
hand dryers shall be via fused outlets.

3.5 Kitchen and Pantry Outlets


Switches and switch socket outlets shall be positioned to avoid accidental damage or
danger from water spray and vapour or other hazards arising from food preparation
processes.
All fixed appliances shall have a local means of isolation.

3.6 Water Heater Outlets


A flex outlet of suitable rating shall be located adjacent to the unit and the power
connection shall be by heat resisting elastomer flexible cable.
A double pole switch, with neon indicator shall be provided and located adjacent to
associated light switches or other approved position.

4 WIRING ACCESSORIES

4.1 PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION


All electrical wiring accessories such as Switch plates, Socket outlet plates,
Telephone outlets, Computer outlets, connection units, etc shall be as specified
below.
i) 13 Amp socket and switch socket outlets
Make- . MK-(UK) ASPECT RANGE, SCREWLESS, BRUSHED STAINLESS
STEELFINISH.
MK -Model No. K24357 BSS W
ii) Twin socket- MK (UK)- Model K24347 BSS W 3
iii) Data cable line - Aspect range- screwless in brushed stainless steel finish
grid plus modular front plates of ASPECT specification MK- 2418 BSS with
K5845S WHI.

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iv) Telephone and fax cable line-Aspect range- screwless in brushed stainless
steel finish grid plus modular fronyt plates of ASPECT specification Make-
(UK) Model-MK- 2418 BSS with K5820 WHI.
v) Double pole switches rated for 20 Amp. Make MK (UK)- ASPECT range ,
Screwless in brushed stainless steel finish and grid pattern. Model K4910
WHI+K 24331and 24332 with all accessories.,
vi) Switched connection units double pole rated for 13 Amps- Aspect range,
screwless in brushed stainless stell finish. Make MK (UK)- Model K24941
BSS W.
vii) Shaver socket outlet- MK (UK)- Model- MK-24709 BSS with all accessories.

4.2 LOCAL SWITCHES


I. The local switches shall be 20 amp. grid type one-way, two-way,intermediate
or double pole as indicated on the drawings. Where more than one switch is
indicated at any position multiple gang units shall be used.
II. Switches shall be of the quick start make, slow break type specially designed
for AC circuits to BS Standards. The operation of the switch shall not depend
wholly on the action of the spring. The switches shall generally be of the
rocker operated type.
III. All switch boxes shall be supplied with adjustable steel grids and earthing
terminals.
IV. Generally, switch units shall be of the adjustable grid pattern and to be
secured to the adjustable grid by means of screws. For flush mounting
switches the switch-plate shall overlap all edges of the box by not less than
7mm. For surface mounting switches the switch plate shall finish flush with
the edges of the switch boxes. Switches for water heaters and fan coil units
shall be complete with neon indicator lights.
V. In Plant rooms the switch units shall be surface or flush as required.
VI. Local switches shall be arranged in convenient positions for switching the
various circuits and generally as indicated on the drawings.
VII. The switches shall be of the same manufacture for a particular type of switch
throughout the installation. All accessories in wet and damp areas shall be of
the splash proof type to IP54 protection standard.
VIII. All switch boxes should be galvanized steel.
IX. To ensure easy and correct connection of the conductors during installation,
the necessary terminal shall be easily identified, grouped inline, upward
facing, captive and backed out prior to the installation.
X. All dimmer switches shall be suitably rated to the lighting load being
Controlled with 25% spare capacity and shall be adequate for tungsten and /
or fluorescent lighting as specified.

4.3 POWER OUTLETS


I. The switch socket outlets shall be in accordance with BS1363 Standard as
appropriate and shall be of the three pin grounding type.
II. Switch socket outlet in the different areas shall comply with section 607 of
BS7671:2001 and latest amendments.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

III. Live contact of the socket shall be completely shuttered such that it is not
possible to engage any pin of the plug into a live contact whilst any other pin
of the plug is exposed.
IV. These outlets shall be of the same manufacturer throughout the installation.
V. The sockets should provide a double earth terminal as per latest BS7671,

4.4 FUSE CONNECTION UNITS/DP SWITCHES


I. These shall be of flush or surface mounting type as manufactured in
compliance with BS Standard as appropriate. The fuse connection units shall
incorporate integral switch, neon indicator and 20 amp fuse links. The DP
switches supplied for water heaters shall be incorporated with neon indicator
lights, and these also shall be engraved 'Water Heater'.
II. These shall be of the same manufacturer for a particular type of switch
throughout the installation and shall be complete with the other accessories
installed.
III. Fuse selection shall be based on actual requirement of equipments.

4.5 COOKER CONTROL UNITS


I. The cooker control units shall be of flush mounting type 45A main switch
which incorporate a neon indicator lamp.
II. All terminals shall be designed to attempt 16mm2 conductor. The complete
unit shall be manufactured in compliance with BS4177 with amendments. The
cooker control units used throughout the installation shall be of the same
manufacturer. Cooker connection unit with terminals and clamps shall be
used to facilitate the cooker control unit connection.

4.6 SHAVER SOCKETS

I. The shaver units shall comply with BS 3535 and IEE Regulations. These shall
be designed for installation in bath rooms and washrooms and incorporate a
double wound isolating transformer for an earth free supply. The primary
circuit of the transformer shall be protected by a self-resetting thermal
overload device. The secondary shall be connected to standard shaver
socket which could be supplied with either 230 V or 115 V through ON/OFF
and voltage selection switch or with separate sockets for 230V and 115V. The
output of the transformer shall be 20 VAat either voltage.

4.7 DOOR BELL


I. System to consist of Bell Push outside the Entrance Door and a Bell inside the room,
as shown on the drawings.
II. The bell shall be low voltage type. Sample to be provided for prior approval.

4.8 PUSH BUTTON UNITS


I. Remote push button units shall be surface type mounted in cast iron boxes in areas
where surface conduit is employed and flush type in cast iron boxes with overlapping
front plates in areas where the conduits are concealed.

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ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATION SECTION 10.0

5 TESTING AND COMMISSIONING

5.1 Test Data


IEE Regulations (16th Edition) Appendix 6 - "Forms of Completion and Inspection
Certificates” are to be submitted for each area of the installation. Specific test results,
tabulated to correspond to the appropriate sections shall accompany each certificate.

5.2 Inspection and Testing


The Contractor shall provide all necessary facilities to the Engineer to inspect all
materials and equipment at works and on site during the progress of the works.
The Contractor shall provide, free of charge, all necessary labour, material, testing
equipment and instruments which may be required to carry out the various tests on
the installations as directed by the Engineer.
The Contractor shall give three days notice before the installation is ready for testing.
Subject to the Engineer's agreement, the Contractor may proceed with the tests and
forward three certified copies of the results obtained to the Engineer. If the results are
found satisfactory in every respect, the installation shall not prejudice any claims in
respect of defects, which may develop during the guarantee period for maintenance.
To facilitate progress of works it may be necessary to test sections of the works
separately. Tests shall be repeated, within a reasonable time and without any extra
charges, on any sections of the installations, which may have failed the tests.
In cases where sections of the works are to be above false ceilings or within builder's
ducts, voids etc., the Contractor shall notify the Engineer that the works are ready for
inspection before enclosure takes place and shall be responsible for keeping the
works accessible until inspection and testing have been completed.

5.3 Electrical Tests


On completion of the installation and prior to its being made “live" for Service, the
Contractor shall carry out the electrical tests on all sections of the works in the
presence of the Engineer and the representative of the local supply authority if
required, and all tests shall be carried out in strict compliance with the regulations of
the said Authorities.
(a) Insulation resistance test between conductors and earth.
(b) Earth continuity tests.
(c) Earth resistance measurement
(d) Verification of polarity.
(e) Ring circuit continuity test.
(f) Operational tests on all equipment and relays.
(g) ELCB tests.

6 PAINTING OF OUTDOOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT


All outdoor equipment is to conform to one of the following finish and paint
specifications if not specifically covered elsewhere:
(a) Zinc coating in accordance with BS 2569 Part 1. Coating thickness must
comply with Symbol Zn of Table 1 of BS 2569.
Overcoated with either:

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(a) 10 Microns of 2 - pack etch primer (after degrease)


(b) 125 Microns of 2 - pack epoxy undercoat
(c) 50 Microns of 2 - pack epoxy gloss finish
OR
(a) 10 Microns of Zinc primer (after degrease)
(b) 120 Microns of high-build zinc phosphate epoxy.
(c) 50 Microns of Micacious Iron Oxide (MIO)
10 Microns of sprayed zinc or 80 Microns of epoxy powder coating by electrostatic
deposit and stoved.
In all cases the finished colour shall be grey to BS 381.

7 DOCUMENTATION
(a) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer, in triplicate the following
documents for approval:
- Detailed shop drawings.
- Single line and flow diagrams.
- Load schedules.
- Electrical layout for distribution schemes.
- Outline and electrical drawings for LV distribution panel.
- Site layout drawing showing details of cable routes and electrical
installations.
(b) Final "as-built" drawings on completion.
(c) Catalogue details of all items of equipment used for the installation.
(d) Operation and maintenance instructions for the supplied equipment and
installations.

8 QUALITY OF WORKMANSHIP
The electrical installation work shall be carried out to the highest standards of
craftsmanship, consistent with modern commercial practice.
All personnel categorised as electricians shall be certified wiremen and shall be in
possession of valid certificates of competence as issued by the Dubai Electricity and
Water Authority.
The Engineer/Employer reserve the right to call up for inspection all such certificates
prior to the commencement of any electrical work.

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