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● Beam carries transverse external loads that cause bending moment, shear forces and in

some cases torsion


● Concrete is strong in compression and very weak in tension.
● Steel reinforcement is used to take up tensile stresses in reinforced concrete beams.
● Mild steel bars or Deformed or High yield strength deformed bars (HYSD) are used.
● High Yielding Strength Deformed bars bars have ribs on the surface and this increases the
bond strength at least by 40%.

BEAMS

a.) Simply Supported rectangular Beam

b.) Simply Supported L Beams

c.) Simply Supported Doubly Reinforced


STRUCTURAL DETAILING IN CONCRETE

a.) Links in Beams

b.) Links in Rectangular Beams

c.) Straight and inclined Bars


REINFORCEMENT LAYOUTS

a.) Simply Supported T-Beam

b.) Continuous Beam

c.) Continuous Beam in a Frame with Bent Bars


INTERCONNECTED BEAMS

a.) Beam Grid

b.) Beam Monolithic with Walls c.) Cantilever Beams

d.) Holes in a Beam e.) Shear Resistance of Bent Bars


STANDARD HOOKS AND BENDS IN DETAILING REINFORCEMENT

The beams are classified as:

● According to shape:​ Rectangular, T, L, Circular etc


● According to supporting conditions​: Simply supported, fixed, continuous and
cantilever beams
● According to reinforcement​: Singly reinforced and doubly reinforced

Reinforcement Cover in Beam:

● Minimum cover in beams must be 25 mm or shall not be less than the larger diameter of
bar for all steel reinforcement including links.
● Nominal cover specified in Table 16 and 16A of IS456-2000 should be used to satisfy
the durability criteria.

TYPES OF REINFORCEMENT IN BEAMS

Generally a beam consists of following steel reinforcements:


● Longitudinal reinforcement at tension and compression face.
● Shear reinforcements in the form of vertical stirrups and or bent up longitudinal bars are
provided.
Side face reinforcement in the web of the beam is provided when the depth of the web in a
beam exceeds 750 mm. (0.1% of the web area and shall be distributed equally on two faces at
a spacing not exceeding 300 mm or web thickness whichever is less)
SPECIFICATION FOR THE REINFORCEMENT IN BEAMS IS GIVEN IN CLAUSE 8.1 TO 8.6
OF SP34