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I.E.S-(OBJ)-2000 1 of 15

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
PAPER–I
1. Which one of the following sets of the following thermodynamic cycles in
thermodynamic laws/is directly involved this regard
in determining the final properties during 1. Carnot cycle
an adiabatic mixing process? 2. reversible cycle
a. The first and second laws of 3. Irreversible cycle
thermodynamics Which of these cycles could possibly be
b. The second law of thermodynamics executed by the engine?
and steady flow relations a. 1 alone
c. Perfect gas relationship and steady b. 3 alone
flow relations
c. 1 and 2
d. The first law of thermodynamics and
perfect gas relation ship d. None of 1, 2 and 3
2. The air with enthalpy of 100 kJ/kg is 5.
compressed by an air compressor to a
pressure and Y temperature at which its
enthalpy becomes 200 kJ/kg. The loss of
heat is 40 kJ/kg from the compressor as
the air passes through it. Neglecting
kinetic and potential energies, the power The process 1—2 for steam shown in the
required for an air mass flow of 0.5 kJ/s is given figure is
a. 30 kW a. isobaric
b. 50 kW b. isentropic
c. 70 kW c. isenthalpic,
d. 90 kW d. isothermal
3. Consider the following statements: 6. In which one of the following working
1. The first law of thermodynamics is a substances, does the relation T2 / T1 = (p2 /
law of conservation of energy. p1) 0.286 hold good if the process takes
place with zero heat transfer?
2. Perpetual motion machine of the first
kind converts energy into equivalent a. Wet steam
work. b. Superheat steam
3. A closed system does not exchange c. Petrol vapour and air mixture
work or energy with its surroundings. d. Air
4. The second law of thermodynamics 7. Consider the following statements
stipulates the law of conservation of When dry saturated steam is throttled from
energy and entropy. a higher pressure to a lower pressure, the
Which of these statements are correct? 1. pressure decreases and the volume
a. 1 land 3 increases
b. 2 and 4 2. temperature decreases and the steam
c. 2, 3 and 4 becomes superheated
d. 1, 2 and 3 3. temperature and the dryness fraction
4. A heat engine receives 1000 kW of heat at increase
a constant temperature of 285. C and 4. entropy increases without any change
rejects 492 kW of heat at 5° C. Consider in enthalpy
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Which of these statements are correct? b. 1 and 4
a. 1 and 4 c. 2 and 3
b. 1, 2 and 4 d. 2 and 4
c. 1 and 3 11. The head added to a closed system during
d. 2 and 4. a reversible process is given by Q = T +
8. 10 kg of water is heated from 300 K to 350 T2, where  and  are constant. The
K in an insulated tank due to churning entropy change of .the system as its
action by a stirrer. The ambient temperature changes from T1 to T2 is equal
temperature is 300 K. In this context, to
match List I with list II and select the a.    T2  T1 
correct answer :
List I b.    T2  T1    / 2 T22  T12   / T1
A. Enthalpy change c.  / 2  T22  T12    / 3 T23  T13   / T12
B. Entropy change / kg
C. Availability / kg d.  ln T2 / T1   2 T2  T1 
D. Loss of availability 12. The internal energy of a gas obeying van
List II  a
der Waals equation  p  2   v  b   RT
1. 12.2 kJ/kg  v 
2. 1968 kJ depends on its
3. 2090 kJ a. Temperature
4. 656 J /kg – K b. Temperature and pressure
Codes; c. Temperature and specific volume
A B C D d. Pressure and specific volume
a. 3 1 4 2 13. Consider the following statements:
b. 2 4 1 3 A real gas obeys perfect gas law at very
c. 3 4 1 2 1. high temperatures
d. 2 1 4 3 2. high pressures
9. In which one of the following situations 3. low pressures
the entropy change will be negative? Which of these statements is/are correct?
a. Air expands isothermally from 6 bars a. 1 alone
to 3 bars b. 1 and 3
b. Air is compressed to half the volume at c. 2 alone
constant pressure
d. 3 alone
c. Heat is supplied to air at constant
14. The Clapeyron equation with usual
volume till the pressure becomes three
notations is given by
folds
a. (dT / dP)sat = hfg / Tvfg
d. Air expands isentropically from 6 bars
to 3 bars b. (dP / dT)sat = hfg / Tvfg
10. Consider the following thermodynamic c. (dT / dP)sat = Thfg / vfg
relations: d. (dP/ dT)sat = Thfg / vfg
1. Tds = du + pdv 15. The capacity of an air compressor is
2. Tds = du - pdv specified as 10 m3/min. It means that the
compressor is capable of
3. Tds = dh + vdp
a. supplying 3 m3 of compressed air per
4. Tds = dh – vdp
minute
Which of these thermodynamic relations
b. compressing 3 m3 of free air per
are correct?
minute
a. 1 and 3
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c. supplying 3 m3 of compressed air at Which of these statements are correct?
NTP a. 1 and 3
d. compressing 3 m3 of standard air per b. 1 and 2
minute c. 2 and 3
16. A two -stage compressor takes in air at 1.1 d. 2 and 4
bars and discharges at 20 bars. For
maximum efficiency, the intermediate 20. Match List I (Air-fuel ratio by mass) with
pressure is List II (Engine operation mode) and select
the correct answer:
a. 10.55 bars
List I
b. 7.33 bars
A. 10: 1
c. 5.5 bars
B. 16: 1
d. 4.7 bars
C. 35 : 1
17. For the same maximum pressure and heat
input, the most efficient cycle is D. 12.5: 1
a. Otto cycle List II
b. Diesel cycle 1. CI engine part load
c. Brayton cycle 2. SI engine part load
d. Dual combustion cycle 3. SI engine idling
18. Consider the following statements: 4. CI full load
1. Octane rating of gasoline is based on 5. SI full load
iso-octane and iso-heptane fuels which Codes;
are paraffin’s. A B C D
2. Tetraethyl lead is added to gasoline to a. 3 2 1 5
increase octane number. b. 4 2 1 5
3. Ethylene dibromide is added as c. 3 1 2 4
scavenging agent to remove lead
d. 4 1 2 3
deposits on spark plugs.
21. Consider the following statements:
4. Surface ignition need not necessarily
cause knocking. In down draft carburettor, a hot spot is
formed at the bottom wall which is
Which of these statements are correct?
common for intake and exhaust manifolds.
a. 1, 2, 3 and 4 This helps to
b. 2, ‘3 and 4 1. improve evaporation of liquid fuel
c. 1 and 4 2. provide higher thermal efficiency
d. 1, 2 and 3 3. reduce fuel consumption
19. Consider the following statements: 4. lower the exhaust gas temperature
1. Recycling exhaust gases with intake Which of these statements are correct?
increases emission of oxides of
a. 1, 2 and 4
nitrogen from the engine.
b. 1, 2 and 3
2. When the carburetor throttle is
suddenly opened, the fuel-air mixture c. 1, 3 and 4
leans out temporarily causing engine d. 2, 3 and 4
stall. 22. In a petrol engine car, which one of the
3. The effect of increase in altitude on following performance characteristics is
carburettor is to enrich the entire part- affected by the front - end volatility of the
throttle operation. gasoline used?
4. Use of multiple venturi, system makes a. Hot starting and vapour lock
it possible to obtain a high velocity air b. Engine warm-up. and spark plug
stream when the fuel is introduced at fouling
the main venturi throat.
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c. Spark plug fouling and hot starting 28. Assertion (A): The CI engine is basically
d. Vapour lock, engine warm-up and more suitable for supercharging than the
spark plug fouling SI engine.
23. In turbo prop, the expansion of gases takes Reason (R): In the CI engine
place approximately supercharging tends to prevent diesel
a. 100% in the turbine knocking.
b. 80% in the turbine and 20% in the a. Both A and R are true and R is the
nozzle correct explanation of A
c. 50% in the turbine and 50% in the b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
nozzle the correct explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
d. 100% in the nozzle
24. The most commonly used moderator in d. A is false but R is true
nuclear power plants is 29. Assertion (A): With the help of a Bomb
a. heavy water calorimeter, the lower calorific value of a
solid or liquid fuel can be determined, as
b. concrete and bricks the water vapour formed is carried away
c. steel by the exhaust gases.
d. graphite Reason (R): The lower calorific value of a
25. Shielding in a nuclear reactor is generally fuel is the net value of heat available found
done to protect against by subtracting the latent head of the water
a. excess electrons formed and carried away by exhaust gas
from the higher calorific value.
b. X-.rays
a. Both A and R are true and R is the
c. - and -rays correct explanation of A
d. neutron and gamma rays b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
26. Assertion (A): If a cube is placed in a the correct explanation of A
liquid with two of its surfaces parallel to c. A is true but R is false
the free surface of the liquid, then the
pressures on the two surfaces which are d. A is false but R is true
parallel to the free surface, are the same. 30. Assertion (A): The thermal efficiency of
Reason (R): Pascal’s law states that when Brayton cycle would not necessarily
a fluid is at rest, the pressure at any plane increase with reheat.
is the same in all directions. Reason (R): Constant pressure lines on the
a. Both A and R are true and R is the T-s diagram slightly diverge with increase
correct explanation of A in entropy.
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT a. Both A and R are true and R is the
the correct explanation of A correct explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
the correct explanation of A
d. A is false but R is true
c. A is true but R is false
27. Assertion (A): Catalytic converters for
reduction of oxides of nitrogen in engine d. A is false but R is true
exhaust cannot be used with leaded fuels. 31. Assertion (A): A thermodynamic system
Reason (R): Catalyst will be removed due may be considered as a quantity of
to chemical corrosion by lead salts. working substance with which interactions
of heat and work are studied.
a. Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A Reason (R): Energy in the form of work
and heat are mutually convertible.
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
the correct explanation of A a. Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
d. A is false but R is true the correct explanation of A
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c. A is true but R is false a. Both A and R are true and R is the
d. A is false but R is true correct explanation of A
32. Assertion (A): All analyses of heat transfer b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
in turbulent flow must eventually rely on the correct explanation of A
experimental data. c. A is true but R is false
Reason (R): The eddy properties vary d. A is false but R is true
across the boundary layer and no adequate 36. Assertion (A): Modem turbines have
theory is available to predict their velocity compounding at the initial stages
behaviour. and pressure compounding in subsequent
a. Both A and R are true and R is the stages.
correct explanation of A Reason (R): Excessive tip leakage occurs
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT in the high pressure region of reaction
the correct explanation of A balding.
c. A is true but R is false a. Both A and R are true and R is the
d. A is false but R is true correct explanation of A
33. Assertion (A): The leakage heat transfer b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
from the outside surface of a steel pipe the correct explanation of A
carrying hot gases is reduced to a greater c. A is true but R is false
extent on providing refractory brick lining d. A is false but R is true
on the inside of the pipe as compared to 37. Assertion (A): The air-fuel ratio employed
that with brick lining on the outside. in a gas turbine is around 60 : 1.
Reason (R): The refractory brick lining on Reason (R): A lean mixture of 60 : 1 in a
the inside of the pipe offers a higher gas turbine is mainly used for complete
thermal resistance. combustion.
a. Both A and R are true and R is the a. Both A and R are true and R is the
correct explanation of A correct explanation of A
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT
the correct explanation of A
the correct explanation of A
c. A is true but R is false c. A is true but R is false
d. A is false but R is true d. A is false but R is true
34. Assertion (A): Thermal conductance of 38. Which one of the following pairs of
heat pipe is several hundred times that of features and compressors type is NOT
the best available metal conductor under correctly matched?
identical conditions.
a. Intake and delivery ports compression
Reason (R): The value of latent heat is far is attained by back flow and internal
greater than that of specific heat. compression cylindrical rotor set to
a. Both A and R are true and R is the eccentric casing : Vane compressor
correct explanation of A b. Intermittent discharge requires
b. Both A and R are true but R is NOT receiver, produces high pressure, slow
the correct explanation of A speed and lubrication problems :
c. A is true but R is false Reciprocating compressor
d. A is false but R is true c. Continuous flow, radial flow, handles
35. Assertion (A): The efficiency of a pump is large volume, much higher speed and
generally less than that of a turbine. fitted into design of aero- engines:
Centrifugal compressor
Reason (R): Although the losses in the two
types of machines are of the same kind, the d. Successive pressure drops through
losses in pumps are more due to eddies contracting passages, blades are
and turbulence. formed from a number of circular arcs,
axial flow
39. Consider the following statements:
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1. Forced circulation is always used in c. nozzles do not occupy the complete
high pressure power boilers. circumference leading into the blade
2. Soot blowers are used for cleaning annulus
tube surfaces at regular intervals. d. steam is admitted partially into the
3. Electrostatic precipitator is used to blades directly
remove fly ash from flue gases. 43. Consider the following statements
Which of these statements are correct? regarding a 100% reaction turbine
a. 1, 2 and 3 1. Change in absolute velocity of steam
b. 2 and 3 across the moving blades is zero.
c. 1 and 3 2. Change in absolute velocity of steam
across the moving blades is negative.
d. 1 and 2
3. Enthalpy drop in fixed blades is zero.
40. Once - through boilers operate at
Which of these statements is /are correct?
a. subcritical pressure
a. 1 alone
b. supercritical pressure
b. 2 alone
c. subcritical as well as supercritical
pressure c. 2 and 3
d. critical pressure only d. 1 and 3
41. Match List I (Components) with List II 44. Which one of the following pairs is NOT
(Functions) and select the correct answer: correctly matched?
List I a. Internal efficiency of steam turbine :
Product of stage efficiency and reheat
A. Steam trap factor
B. Fusible plug b. Stage efficiency of a turbine : Ratio of
C. Blow-off cock adiabatic heat drop to the isentropic
D. Feed check valve heat drop per stage
List II c. Dryness fraction of a steam within a
1. Controls steam flow rate stage. : Decreases due to reheating
2. Controls rate of water flow to boiler d. Steam condensation during expansion
through the turbine : Enhances blade
3. Puts off furnace fire when water level
erosion
reaches unsafe limit
45. Consider the following statements:
4. Removes mud and dirt collected at the
bottom of boiler For supersaturated flow through a steam
nozzle, the
5. Drains off water collected by partial
condensation of steam in pipes 1. enthalpy drop reduces further
Codes; 2. exit temperature increases
A B C D 3. flow rate increases
a. 5 1 4 2 Which of these statements are correct?
b. 1 3 5 4 a. 1, 2 and 3
c. 5 3 4 2 b. 1 and 2
d. 1 2 5 4 c. 2 and 3
42. Partial admission steam turbine refers to d. 1 and 3
the situation where the 46. Velocity triangle for a reaction turbine
a. steam is admitted partially into the stage is shown in the given figure. (AB =
blades through nozzles v1 = absolute velocity at rotor blade inlet;
CB = w1 = relative velocity at rotor blade
b. nozzles occupy the complete
intel; CE = w2 = relative velocity at rotor
circumference leading into the blade
balade exit and CD = CB)
annulus
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n
 2  n 1
b.  
 n 1
n 1
 n 1 n

The ratio of reaction force to impulse force c.  


 2 
is n 1
a. CE/CB  2 n
d.  
b. CD/CE  n 1
c. DE/BD 51. Consider the following statements:
d. AE/AB The volumetric efficiency of a
47. Consider the following statements: reciprocating compressor can be enhanced
1. Throttle governing improves quality of by
steam in the last few stages. 1. heating the intake air
2. Internal efficiency of steam is not 2. decreasing the clearance volume
seriously effected by throttle 3. cooling the intake air
governing. Which of these statements is / are correct?
3. Throttle governing is better than nozzle a. 1 alone
governing.
b. 1 and 2
Which of these statements are correct?
c. 2 and 3
a. 1, 2 and 3
d. 3 alone
b. 1 and 3
52. Reciprocating compressors are provided
c. 2 and 3 with
d. 1 and 2 a. simple disc/ plate valve
48. Which one of the following statements is b. poppet valve
correct?
c. spring-loaded disc valve
a. Reheat factor is zero if efficiency of
the turbine is close to unity d. solenoid valve
b. Lower the efficiency, higher will be 53. Consider the following statements : In
the reheat factor centrifugal compressors, there is a
tendency of increasing surge when
c. Reheat factor is independent of steam
conditions at turbine inlet 1. the number of diffuser vanes is less
than the number of impeller vanes
d. Availability of reheat is higher at lower
pressure end 2. the number of diffuser vanes is greater
than the number of impeller vanes
49. In a steam power plant, the ratio of the
isentropic heat drop in the prime mover to 3. the number of diffuser vanes is equal
the amount of heat supplied per unit mass to the number of impeller vanes
of steam is known as 4. mass flow is greatly in excess of that
a. stage efficiency corresponding to the design mass flow
b. degree of reaction Which of these statements is/are correct?
c. Rankine efficiency a. 1 and 4
d. relative efficiency b. 2 alone
50. The critical pressure ratio for maximum c. 3 and 4
discharge through a nozzle is given by d. 2 and 4
n 54. In an axial flow compressor design,
 n  1  n 1 velocity diagrams are constructed from the
a.  
 2  experimental data of aerofoil cascades.
Which one of the following statements in
this regard is correct?
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a. Incidence angle of the approaching air d. 1.8m
is measured from the trailing edge of 59. Match List I (Outlet vane angle 3 2) with
the blade List II (Curves labelled 1, 2 and 3 in the
b.  is the deviation angle between the given figure) for a pump and select the
angle of incidence and tangent to the correct answer
camber line List I
c. The deflection  of the gas stream A.  2  90
while passing through the cascade is
given by   1   2 B.  2  90

d.  is the sum of the angle of incidence C.  2  90


and camber less any deviation angle, List II
i.e.   i    
55. The efficiency of a simple gas turbine can
be improved by using a regenerator,
because the
a. work of compression is reduced
b. heat required to be supplied is reduced
c. work output of the turbine is increased
d. heat rejected is increased
Codes;
56. Which one of the following pairs of
formulae represents the specific speeds of A B C
turbine and pump respectively? (Notations a. 1 2 3
have their usual meanings) b. 1 3 2
a. NQ1/2 / H3/4 and NP1/2 H5/4 c. 2 1 3
b. NQ1/2 / H3/4 and NP1/2 H3/4 d. 3 2 1
c. NP1/2 / H3/4 and NQP1/2 H5/4 60. Consider the following statements
d. NP1/2 / H5/4 and NQ1/2 H3/4 regarding the volute casting of a
57. Consider the following turbines / wheels: centrifugal pump
1. Francis turbine 1. Loss of heat due to change in velocity
is eliminated.
2. Pelton wheel with two or more jets
2. Efficiency of the pump is increased.
3. Pelton wheel with a single jet
3. Water from the periphery of the
4. Kaplan turbine impeller is collected and transmitted to
The correct sequence of these turbines/ the delivery pipe at constant velocity.
wheels in increasing order of their specific Which of these statements are correct?
speeds is
a. 1, 2 and 3
a. 2, 3, 1, 4
b. 1 and 2
b. 3, 2, 1, 4
c. 2 and 3
c. 2, 3, 4, 1
d. 1 and 3
d. 3, 2, 4, 1
61. The cavitations number of any fluid
58. The gross head available to a hydraulic
p  p'
power plant is 100 m. The utilized head in machinery is defined   (P is
the runner of the hydraulic turbine is 72 m. V 2 / 2
If the hydraulic efficiency of the turbine is absolute pressure,  is density and V is
90%, the pipe friction head is estimated to free stream velocity) The symbol p’
be denotes
a. 20m a. static pressure of fluid
b. 18m b. dynamic pressure of fluid
c. 16.2m c. vapour pressure of fluid
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d. shear stress of fluid d. vary logarithmically, with radius
62. Consider the following statements,: 66. A composite plane wall is made up of two
A water turbine governor different materials of the same thickness
1. helps in starting and shutting down the and having thermal conductivities of k1
turbo unit. and k2 respectively. The equivalent
thermal conductivity of the slab is
2. controls the speed of turbine set to
match it with the hydroelectric system a. k1  k2
3. sets the amount of load’ which a b. k1k2
turbine unit has to carry k1  k2
Which of these, statements are correct? c.
k1k2
a. 1, 2 and 3
2k1k2
b. 1 and 2 d.
k1  k2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1 and 3 67. A copper wire of radius 0.5 mm is
insulated with a sheathing of thickness 1
63. Consider the following, statements
mm having a thermal conductivity of 0.5
regarding a torque converter:
W/m -K. The outside surface convective
1. Its maximum efficiency is less than heat transfer coefficient is 10 W/m2 - K. If
that of the fluid coupling. the thickness of. insulation sheathing is’
2. It has two runners and a set of raised by 10 mm, then the electrical
stationary vanes interposed between current-carrying capacity of the wire will
them. a. increase
3. It has two runners. b. decrease
4. The ratio of secondary to primary c. remain the same
torque is zero for the zero value of
d. vary depending upon the electrical
angular velocity of secondary.
conductivity of the wire
Which of these statements are correct?
68. For the fully developed laminar flow and
a. 1 and 2 heat transfer in a uniformly heated long
b. 3 and 4 circular tube, if the flow velocity is
c. 1 and 4 doubled and the tube diameter is halved,
d. 2 and 4 the’ heat transfer coefficient will be
64. Consider the following statements: a. double of the original value
The reheat cycle helps to reduce b. half of the original value
1. field consumption c. same as before
2. steam flow d. four times of the original value
3. the condenser size 69. Heat transfer by radiation between two
grey bodies of emissivity is proportional to
Which of these statements are correct? (notations have their usual meanings)
a. 1 and 2
a.
 Eb  J 
b. 1 and 3
1   
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3 b.
 Eb  J 
65. The outer surface of a long cylinder is 1    / 
maintained at constant temperature. The
cylinder does not have any heat source The c.
 Eb  J 
1   
2
temperature in the cylinder will
a. increase linearly with radius
d.
 Eb  J 
b. decrease linearly with radius
1   
2

c. be independent of radius
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70. Solar radiation of 1200 W/m2 falls Codes;
perpendicularly on a grey opaque surface A B C D
of emissivity 05 If the surface temperature a. 3 1 2 4
is 50°C and surface emissive power is 600
W/m2, the radiosity of that surface will be b. 2 1 3 4
a. 600 W/m2 c. 3 4 2 1
b. 1000 W/m2 d. 2 4 3 1
c. 1200 W/m2 74. The Nusselts number is related to
Reynolds number in laminar and turbulent
d. 1800 W/m2 flows respectively as
71. The overall heat, transfer coefficient U for a. Re -1/2 and Re 0.8
a plane composite wall of n layers is given
by (the thickness of the i th layer is ti, b. Re 1/2 and Re 0.8
thermal conductivity of the i th layer is ki, c. Re - 1/2 and Re 0.8
convective, heat transfer coefficient. Is h) d. Re - 1/2 and Re - 0.8
1 75. In respect of free convection over a
a.
1 n ti 1 vertical flat plate the Nusselt number
  varies with Grashof number ‘Gr’ as
h1 i 1 ki hn
n
a. Gr and Gr1/4 for laminar and turbulent
ti
b. h1    hn flows respectively
i 1 ki b. Gr1/2 and Gr1/3 for laminar and
1 turbulent flows respectively
c.
1 n
t c. Gr1/4 and Gr1/3 for laminar and
  i  hn turbulent flows respectively
h1 i 1 ki
d. Gr1/3 and Gr1/4 for laminar and
1 n ti 1
d.   turbulent flows respectively
h1 i 1 ki hn 76. Consider the following conditions for heat
72. The equation of effectiveness  = 1 – e -NTU
transfer (thickness of thermal boundary
of a heat exchanger is valid (NTU is layer is t velocity of boundary layer is t,
number of transfer units) in the case of and  Prandtl number is Pr)
a. boiler and condenser for parallel flow 1.  t  x     x  if Pr  1
b. boiler and condenser for counterflow
2.  t  x     x  if Pr  1
c. boiler and condenser for both parallel
flow and counterflow 3.  t  x     x  if Pr  1
d. gas turbine for both parallel flow and Which of these conditions apply for
counterflow convective heat transfer?
73. Match List I with list II and select the a. 1 and 2
correct answer:
b. 2 and 3
List I
c. 1 and 3
A. Fin
d. 1, 2 and 3
B. Heat exchanger
77. The enthalpies at the beginning of
C. Transient conduction compression, at the end of compression
D. Heisler chart and at the end of condensation are
List II respectively 185 kJ/kg, 210 kJ/kg and 85
1. UA/Cmin kJ/kg. The COP of the vapour compression
refrigeration system is
2. x / 2 
a. 0.25
3. hp / kA b. 5.4
4. hL / K c. 4
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d. 1.35 c. Sulphur torch
78. Consider the following statements d. Blue litmus paper
regarding refrigerants: 83. Consider the following statements:
1. Refrigerant NH3 is used in 1. Azeotropes are the mixtures of
reciprocating compressors. refrigerants and behave like pure
2. Refrigerant CO2 is used in substances.
reciprocating compressors. 2. Isomers refrigerants are compounds
3. Refrigerant R -11 is used in centrifugal with the same chemical formula but
compressors. have different molecular structures.
Which of these statements are correct? 3. The formula n + p + q = 2m I used for
a. 1 and 3 unsaturated chlorofluorocarbon
b. 1 and 2 compounds (m, n, p and q are the
numbers of atoms of carbon, hydrogen,
c. 2 and 3 fluorine and chlorine respectively)
d. 1, 2 and 3 Which of the statements are correct?
79. The COP of a heat pump  HP and the a. 1 and 3
COP of a refrigerator Ref are related as b. 2 and 3
a.  HP +  Ref = 1 c. 1 and 2
b.  HP -  Ref = 1 d. 1, 2 and 3
c.  Ref -  HP = 1 84. Consider the following statements:
d.  HP +  Ref = 0 The typical air velocities in the ducts of
80. Consider the following statements: air-conditioning systems are
The pressure in a horizontal capillary tube 1. lower in residential buildings as
of a refrigeration system decreases due to compared to those of public buildings
the 2. higher in residential building as
1. frictional resistance offered by the tube compared to those of public buildings
wall 3. higher in industrial buildings as
2. acceleration of refrigerant in the tube compared to those of public buildings
3. heat transfer from the tube wall 4. equal in all types of buildings
4. decrease in the potential energy Which of these statements s/are correct?
Which of these statements are correct? a. 1 alone
a. 1 and 4 b. 1 and 3
b. 2, 3 and 4 c. 2 and 3
c. 1, 2 and 3 d. 4 alone
d. 1 and 2 85. When warm saturated air is cooled
81. The discharge pressure of the compressor a. excess moisture condenses
in the refrigeration system goes up due to b. excess moisture condenses but relative
the humidity remains unchanged
a. Lower volumetric efficiency of the c. excess moisture condenses and specific
compressor humidity increase but relative humidity
b. Formation of scale in the condenser remains unchanged
c. Large size of the condenser d. specific humidity increases and
relative humidity decreases
d. Undercharge of the refrigerant
86. When d-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures
82. The leakage in a Freon-based refrigeration
are identical, it means that the
system can be detected by using a/an
a. air is fully saturated and dew-point
a. Oxy-acetylene torch
temperature has reached
b. Halide torch
b. air is fully saturated
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c. dew-point temperature has reached and 91. If heat and mass transfer take place
humidity is 100% simultaneously the ratio of heat transfer
d. partial pressure of water vapour is coefficient to the mass transfer coefficient
equal to total pressure is a function .of the ratio of
87. Consider the following parameters: a. Schmidt and Reynolds numbers
1. Dry-bulb temperature b. Schmidt and Prandtl numbers
2. Humidity ratio c. Nusselt and Lewis numbers
3. Air velocity d. Reynolds and Lewis numbers
4. Solar radiation intensity 92. An aeroplane travels at 400 km/hr at sea
Which of these parameters are taken into level where the temperature is 15° C. The
account for determining effective velocity of the aeroplane at the same Mach
temperature for human comfort? number at an altitude where a temperature
of - 25 °C is prevailing, would be
a. 1 and 2
a. 126.78 km/hr
b. 1 and 4
b. 130.6 km/hr
c. 2, 3 and 4
c. 371.2 km/hr
d. 1, 2 and 3
d. 400.10 km/hr
88. The desirable air velocity in the occupied
93.
zone for comfort for summer air-
conditioners is in the range of
a. 6 - 7 m/minute
b. 4 - 5 m/minute
c. 2 - 3 m/minute
d. 0.5 - 1.5 m/minute
89. Consider the following statements:
1. The recommended outside air required The plot for the pressure ratio along the
per person for an auditorium is length of the convergent -divergent nozzle
approximately 0.25 m3/min. is shown in the given figure. The sequence
2. Outside air for ventilation purposes of the flow conditions labelled , , 
causes sensible heat load and also and  in the figure is respectively
latent heat load. a. supersonic, sonic, subsonic and
3. The sensible heat factor for an supersonic
auditorium is generally kept as 0.7. b. Sonic, supersonic subsonic and
Which of these statements are correct? supersonic.
a. 1 and 2 c. subsonic, supersonic, sonic and
b. 2 and 3 subsonic
c. 1 and 3 d. sonic, sonic supersonic and subsonic
d. 1, 2 and 3 94. If the full-scale turbine is required to work
90. An air-conditioned room of volume 10 m3 under a head of 30 m and to run at 428
has infiltration of air equivalent to 3 air r.p.m., then a quarter-scale turbine model
changes. Density of air is 1.2 kg/m3, tested under a head of 10 m must run at
specific heat Cp is 1 kJ/kg - K and a. 143 r.p.m.
temperature difference between room and b. 341 r.p.m.
ambient air is 20 K. The sensible heat load c. 428 r.p.m.
due to infiltrated air is
d. 988 r.p.m.
a. 60 kJ/hr
95. The dimensionless group formed by
b. l2 kJ/hr wavelength , density of fluid ,
c. 6 kW acceleration due to gravity g and surface
d. 0.2 kW tension , is
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a.  /  2 g  c. 6.0 m
d. 5.12 m
b.  /  g 2 
99. The eye of a tornado has a radius of 40 m.
c.  g /  2  If the maximum wind velocity is 50 m/s,
d.  /  2 g the velocity at a distance of 80 m radius is
a. 100 m/s
96. Which one of the following sets of
standard flows is superimposed to b. 2500 m/s
represent the flow around a rotating c. 31.25 m/s
cylinder? d. 25 m/s
a. Doublet, vortex and uniform flow 100. If a vessel containing liquid moves
b. Source, vortex and uniform flow downward with constant acceleration g,
c. Sink, vertex and uniform flow then
d. Vertex and uniform flow a. the pressure throughout the liquid mass
97. is atmospheric
b. the pressure in the liquid mass is
greater than the hydrostatic pressure
c. there will be vacuum in the liquid
d. the pressure throughout the liquid mass
is greater than atmospheric
101. Improved streamlining produces 25%
reduction in the drag coefficient of a
torpedo. When it is traveling fully
A float of cubical shape has sides of 10 submerged and assuming the driving
cm. The float valve just touches the valve power to remain the same, the increase in
seat to have a flow area of 0.5 cm2 as speed will be
shown in the given figure. If the pressure a. 10%
of water in the pipeline is 1 bar, the rise of
water level h in the tank to just stop the b. 20%
water flow will be c. 25%
a. 7.5 cm d. 30%
b. 5.0 cm 102. If a bullet is fired in standard air at 15 °C
c. 2.5cm at the Mach angle of 30°, the velocity of
the bullet would be
d. 0.5 cm
a. 513.5 m/s
98.
b. 585.5 m/s
c. 645.5 m/s
d. 680.5 m/s
103. A stream function is given by (x2 – y2).
The potential function of the flow will be
a. 2xy + f(x)
b. 2xy + constant
c. 2(x2 - y2)
d. 2xy + f(y)
A U- tube manometer is connected to a
pipeline conveying water as shown in the 104. The height of a cylindrical container is
given figure. The pressure head of water in twice that of its diameter. The ratio of the
the pipeline is horizontal forces on the wall of the
cylinder when it is completely filled to that
a. 7.12 m
when it is half filled with the same liquid,
b. 6.56 m is
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a. 2 d. The hydraulic grade line slopes
b. 3 upwards meeting the energy grade line
c. 3.5 only at the exit of flow
d. 4 108. If laminar flow takes place in two pipes,
having relative rough nesses of 0.002 and
105. 0.003, at a Reynolds number of 1815, then
a. the pipe of relative roughness of 0.003
has a higher friction factor
b. the pipe of relative roughness of 0.003
has a lower friction factor
The velocities and corresponding flow
c. both pipes have the same friction
areas of the branches labelled , , , 
factor
and  for pipe system shown in the given
figure are given in the following table d. no comparison is possible due to
inadequate data
109. A pipeline connecting two reservoirs has
its diameter reduced by 20% due to
deposition of chemicals. For a given head
difference in the reservoirs with unaltered
friction factor, this would cause a
reduction in discharge of
a. 42.8%
The velocity V5 would be b. 20%
a. 2.5 cm/s c. 17.8%
b. 5 cm/s d. 10.6%
c. 7.5 cm/s 110. A tank containing water has two orifices of
the same size at depths of 40 cm and 90
d. 10 cm/s
cm below the free surface of water. the
106. A pipe is connected in series to another ratio of discharges through these orifices is
pipe whose diameter is twice and length is
a. 1:1
32 times that of the first pipe. The ratio of
frictional head losses for the first pipe to b. 2:3
those for the second pipe is (both the pipes c. 4:9
have the same frictional constant) d. 16:81
a. 8 111. A Pitot static tube is used to measure the
b. 4 velocity of water using a differential gauge
c. 2 which contains a manometric fluid of
relative density 1.4. The deflection of the
d. 1
gauge fluid when water flows at a velocity
107. Which one of the following statements is of 1.2 m/s will be (the coefficient of the
correct? tube may be assumed to be 1)
a. Hydraulic grade line and energy grade a. 183.5 mm
line are the same in fluid flow
b. 52.4 mm
problems
c. 5.24 mm
b. Energy grade line lies above the
hydraulic grade line and is always d. 73.4 mm
parallel to it 112. The development of boundary layer zones
c. Energy grade line lies above the labelled F Q, R and S over a flat plate is
hydraulic grade line and they are shown in the given figure
separated from each other by a vertical
distance equal to the velocity head
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b. Reduction of the boundary layer
thickness
c. Presence of adverse pressure gradient
d. Presence of favourable pressure
Based on this figure, match List I gradient
(Boundary layer zones) with List II (Types
116. When pressure drag over a body is large as
of boundary layer) and select the correct
compared to the friction drag, then the
answer:
shape of the body is that of
List I
a. An aerofoil
A. P
b. A streamlined body
B. Q
c. A two-dimensional body
C. R
d. A bluff body
D. S
117. A circular cylinder of 400 mm diameter is
List II rotated about its axis is a stream of water
1. Transitional having a uniform velocity of 4 m/s. When
2. Laminar viscous sub-layer both the stragnation points coincide, the
3. Laminar lift force experienced by the cylinder is
4. Turbulent a. 160 kN/m
Codes; b. 10.05 kN/m
A B C D c. 80 kN/m
a. 3 1 2 4 d. 40.2 kN/m
b. 3 2 1 4 118. An automobile moving at a velocity of 40
km/hr is experiencing a wind resistance of
c. 4 2 1 3 2 kN. If the automobile is moving at a
d. 4 1 2 3 velocity of 50 km/hr, the power required to
113. A pipe of 20 cm diameter and 30 km over-come the wind resistance is
length transports oil from a tankers to the a. 43.4 kW
shore with a velocity of 0.318 m/s. The b. 3.125 kW
flow is laminar. If  = 0.1 N – m/s2, the
c. 2.5 kW
power required for the flow would be
d. 27.776 kW
a. 9.25 kW
119. When a cylinder is placed in an ideal fluid
b. 8.36 kW
and the flow is uniform, the pressure
c. 7.63 kW coefficient Cp is equal to
d. 10.13 kW a. 1 – sin2 
114. In a turbulent boundary layer over the
b. 1 – 2 sin2 
entire length of a plate, the boundary layer
thickness increases with its distance X c. 1 – 4 sin2 
from the leading edge as d. 1 – 8 sin2 
a. X1/2 120. If the upstream Mach number of a normal
b. X1/5 shock occur-ring in air (k = 1.4) is 1.68,
c. X2/5 then the Mach number after the shock is
d. X4/5 a. 0.84
115. Separation of fluid flow is caused by b. 0.646
a. Reduction of pressure in the direction c. 0.336
of flow d. 0.564