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MIT assisgnment in the communications.

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http://ocw.mit.edu

Spring 2009

For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms.

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Problem 3:

a) Derive the Fourier transform for Cos(2!fot); (see Table 2.1 for the answer, but provide

the derivation!)

b) Suppose fo = 10, and that the signal is sampled at sampling rate of 30 samples per second.

Sketch the frequency response of the sampled signal and show how a low-pass filter can

recover the original signal.

c) Now suppose that the signal is sampled at a rate of 15 samples per second; sketch the

frequency response of the sampled signal.

Problem 4: Text problem 2.40 (part 1 only). Instead of x(.005), solve for x(.01).

a) Generate a sinusoidal waveform with two frequency components, 5 Hz and 10 Hz. Since

Matlab only uses discrete (sampled, not continuous) signals, a sampling rate must be

chosen to properly produce the waveform without aliasing. Any rate above 20 Hz will

suffice, so use 30 Hz. Produce a one second plot of the waveform.

b) We next will find the frequency spectrum of the signal from part a. To do so, first use the

Fast Fourier Transform function (fft) to bring the signal into the frequency domain. Use

the fftshift function to produce a plot that will zero center the signal.

c) Now, create a lowpass filter to recover the 5 Hz component of the signal. Produce a plot

of the filter and the filtered signal in the frequency domain.

d) With the filtered signal, take the Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (ifft) to bring the

signal back into the time domain. Produce a plot with one second of the signal to show

that the 5 Hz signal was recovered. Hint: ifft needs the signal to be in the same form as

the output of the fft, so if you were working with the shifted signal, you will need to

shift it again before inputting it to the ifft.

Usage information with examples on the Fast Fourier Transform (fft) is located at

http://www.mathworks.com/access/helpdesk/help/techdoc/math/brentm1-1.html (same as located

in the Matlab documentation).

For information on the Inverse Fast Fourier Transform function (ifft), see Matlab

documentation for usage details.

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