You are on page 1of 37

COMPARATIVE CHART (Versions as on 03.11.

2018)

Original Provisions Changes incorporated Draft Amended Provisions

THE ARCHITECTS ACT, 1972*


THE ARCHITECTS ACT, 1972* ___________________________________
___________________________________ *Published in the Gazette of India on 31.05.1972.
*Published in the Gazette of India on 31.05.1972. [31st May, 1972]

[31st May, 1972] An Act to provide for the registration of architects and for matters
connected therewith.
An Act to provide for the registration of architects and for BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-third Year of the
matters connected therewith. Republic of India as follows: -
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-third Year of the
Republic of India as follows: -

CHAPTER I CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY PRELIMINARY

1. (1) This Act may be called the Architects Act, 1972. No amendment in Section 1. 1. (1) This Act may be called the Architects Act, 1972.
(2) It extends to the whole of India. (2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come in to force on such date as the (3) It shall come in to force on such date as the Central
Central Government may, by notification in Government may, by notification in the Official
the Official Gazette, appoint. Gazette, appoint.

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, - 2. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, -

(a) insertion of “and duly empowered under the Act to


(a) “architect” means a person whose name is for provide Architectural services” (a) “architect” means a person whose name is for the time
the time being entered in the register; being entered in the register and is duly empowered
Insertion of clauses (aa), (ab) & (ac) under the Act to provide Architectural services;

(aa) “architectural Services” includes providing any (aa) “architectural Services” includes providing any
architectural design, plans, preparation of all architectural design, plans, preparation of all drawings
drawings and documents, tracing or the like, for and documents, tracing or the like, for use in sanction

1
use in sanction and for construction, extension, and for construction, extension, addition or alteration
addition or alteration of any building and built of any building and built environment or part thereof
environment or part thereof including including documentation or being in responsible
documentation, or, being in responsible control control of professional services which require the
of professional services which require the development of sites, the architectural design, in
development of sites, the architectural design, whole or in part, of buildings or built environment,
in whole or in part, of buildings or built groups of buildings and also includes scrutinizing the
environment, groups of buildings and also documents, regulating the construction and
includes scrutinizing the documents, regulating development of buildings and related matters;
the construction and development of buildings
and related matters;

(ab) “building bye-laws” include all building bye- (ab) “building bye-laws” include all building bye-laws as
laws as adopted by various municipalities / adopted by various municipalities / municipal Acts
municipal Acts notified by Central Government notified by Central Government or State Governments
or State Governments or Union Territories in or Union Territories in India;
India;

(b) “Council” means the Council of Architecture (b) insertion of “India”


constituted under Section 3;
Insertion of (ba) & (bb) (b) “Council” means the Council of Architecture, India
constituted under Section 3;
(ba) “Examination Board” means a Board constituted
to conduct professional examination. (ba) “Examination Board” means a Board constituted to
conduct professional examination.
(bb) “Firm of Architects” means a Firm as defined in
Section 4 of the Indian Partnership Act 1932; (bb) “Firm of Architects” means a Firm as defined in
such that all partners are Architects as defined Section 4 of the Indian Partnership Act 1932; such that
in section 2(a) of the principal Act’; all partners are Architects as defined in section 2(a) of
the principal Act’;
(c) “Indian Institute of Architects” means the (c) no amendment
Indian Institute of Architects registered under
the Societies Registration Act, 1860; Insertion of (ca), (cb), (cc), (cd) & (ce) (c) “Indian Institute of Architects” means the Indian
Institute of Architects registered under the Societies
(ca)“Limited Liability Partnership of Architects” Registration Act, 1860;
means a Limited Liability Partnership(LLP)

2
formed and registered under the provisions of (ca)“Limited Liability Partnership of Architects” means a
the Limited Liability Partnership Act of 2008 Limited Liability Partnership(LLP) formed and
(No 6 of 2009) in which all such partners are registered under the provisions of the Limited Liability
Architects as defined in section 2(a) of the Partnership Act of 2008 (No 6 of 2009) in which all
principal Act; such partners are Architects as defined in section 2(a)
of the principal Act;
(cb) “Municipality(s)” has the same meaning as
defined in article 243(P) of the Constitution of (cb) “Municipality(s)” has the same meaning as defined in
India, as amended from time to time; Article 243(P) of the Constitution of India, as amended
from time to time;
(cc) “Planning/ Development Authority(s)” includes
urban development authorities all over India as (cc) “Planning/ Development Authority(s)” includes urban
may be established under respective laws; development authorities all over India as may be
established under respective laws;
(cd)“Practice of Architecture” within the meaning
and intent of this Act, includes offering, (cd)“Practice of Architecture” within the meaning and
providing, rendering or supplying architectural intent of this Act, includes offering, providing,
services as defined in this bill; rendering or supplying architectural services as
defined in this bill;
(ce) “professional examination” means an
examination conducted by the Council for (ce) “professional examination” means an examination
granting registration as an Architect; conducted by the Council for granting registration as
an Architect;

(d) “recognised qualification” means any Insertion of ‘first’ in 2(d) (d) “recognised qualification” means any qualification in
qualification in architecture for the time being architecture for the time being included in the first
included in the Schedule or notified under No amendment in (e), (f) & (g) Schedule or notified under section 15;
section 15;
(e) “register” means the register of architects maintained
(e) “register” means the register of architects under section 23;
maintained under section 23;
(f) “regulation” means a regulation made under this Act
(f) “regulation” means a regulation made under by the Council;
this Act by the Council;
(g) ”rule” means a rule made under this Act by the
(g) ”rule” means a rule made under this Act by Central Government.
the Central Government.

3
CHAPTER II CHAPTER II

COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURE COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURE

3. (1) The Central Government shall, by notification in 3(1) - Insertion of word “India” 3. (1) The Central Government shall, by notification in
the Official Gazette, constitute, with effect from theOfficial Gazette, constitute, with effect from such date
such date as may be specified in the notification, as may be specified in the notification, a Council to be
a Council to be known as the Council of known as the Council of Architecture, India, which shall
Architecture, which shall be a body corporate, be a body corporate, having perpetual succession and a
having perpetual succession and a common seal, common seal, with power to acquire, hold and dispose
with power to acquire, hold and dispose of of property, both movable and immovable, and to
property, both movable and immovable, and to contract, and may by that name sue or be sued.
contract, and may by that name sue or be sued.
(2) The Head Office of the Council shall be at Delhi or at
(2) The Head Office of the Council shall be at Delhi No amendment in 3(2) such other place as the Central Government may, by
or at such other place as the Central Government notification in the Official Gazette, specify.
may, by notification in the Official Gazette,
specify. (3) The Council shall consist of the following members,
namely:-
(3) The Council shall consist of the following
members, namely:- No amendment in 3(3)(a) (a) five architects possessing recognized
qualifications elected by the Indian Institute of
(a) five architects possessing recognized Architects from among its members;
qualifications elected by the Indian
Institute of Architects from among its
members;

(b) two architects nominated by the All India Council


for Technical Education established under the All
(b) two persons nominated by the All India 3(3)(b) – Substitution of word “persons” with Architects” and India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987
Council for Technical Education with “under the All India Council for Technical Education (No.52 of 1987);
established by the Resolution of the Act, 1987 (No.52 of 1987)”
Government of India in the late Ministry
of Education No.F.16-10/44-E.III, dated

4
the 30th November, 1945; (c) five persons elected from amongst themselves by
heads of architectural institutions in India
(c) five persons elected form among imparting full-time instruction for recognized
themselves by heads of architectural No amendment in 3(3)(c) to (h) qualifications;
institutions in India imparting full-time
instruction for recognised qualifications; (d) the Chief Architects in the Ministries of the
Central Government to which the Government
(d) the Chief Architects in the Ministries of business relating to defence and railways has been
the Central Government to which the allotted and head of the Architectural
Government business relating to defence Organization in the Central Public Works
and railways has been allotted and head Department, ex officio;
of the Architectural Organization in the
Central Public Works Department, ex (e) one person nominated by the Central
officio; Government;

(e) one person nominated by the Central


Government; (f) an architect from each State nominated by the
Government of that state;
(f) an architect from each State nominated by
the Government of that state;
(g) Two persons nominated by the Institution of
Engineers (India) from among its members; and
(g) two persons nominated by the Institution
of Engineers (India) from among its
members; and
(h) one person nominated by the Institution of
(h) one person nominated by the Institution Surveyors of India from among its members.
of Surveyors of India from among its
members. Explanation.- For the purposes of this sub-section,-

Explanation. - For the purposes of this sub-section, - (a) “Institution of Engineers (India)” means the
Institution of Engineers (India) first registered in
(a) “Institution of Engineers (India)” means the 1920 under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and
Institution of Engineers (India) first subsequently incorporated by a Royal chapter in
registered in 1920 under the Indian 1935.
Companies Act, 1913 and subsequently
incorporated by a Royal chapter in 1935. (b) “Institution of Surveyors of India” means the

5
Institution of surveyors registered under the
(b) “Institution of Surveyors of India” means Societies Registration Act, 1860.
the Institution of surveyors registered
under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (a) of
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause No amendment in 3(4) sub-section (3), the Central Government may, pending
(a) of sub-section (3), the Central Government the preparation of the register, nominate to the first
may, pending the preparation of the register, Council, in consultation with the Indian Institute of
nominate to the first Council, in consultation Architects, persons referred to in the said clause (a)
with the Indian Institute of Architects, persons who are qualified for registration under section 25, and
referred to in the said clause (a) who are the persons so nominated shall hold office for such
qualified for registration under section 25, and period as the Central Government may, by notification
the persons so nominated shall hold office for in the Official Gazette, specify.
such period as the Central Government may,
by notification in the Official Gazette, specify. (5) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (f) of
sub-section (3), the Central Government may, pending
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause No amendment in 3(5) the preparation of the register, nominate to the first
(f) of sub-section (3), the Central Government Council, in consultation with the State Governments
may, pending the preparation of the register, concerned, persons referred to in the said clause(f),
nominate to the first Council, in consultation who are qualified for registration under section 25, and
with the State Governments concerned, the persons so nominated shall hold office for such
persons referred to in the said clause(f), who period as the Central Government may, by notification
are qualified for registration under section 25, in the Official Gazette, specify.
and the persons so nominated shall hold office
for such period as the Central Government
may, by notification in the Official Gazette,
specify. 4. (1) The President and the Vice-President of the Council shall
No amendment in 4(1), 4(2) & 4(3) be elected by the members of the Council from
4. (1) The President and the Vice-President of the amongst themselves.
Council shall be elected by the members of the
Council from among themselves: Provided that on the first constitution of the Council
and until the President is elected, a member of the
Provided that on the first constitution of the Council nominated by the Central Government in this
Council and until the President is elected, a behalf shall discharge the functions of the President.
member of the Council nominated by the
Central Government in this behalf shall (2) An elected President or Vice-President of the Council
discharge the functions of the President. shall hold office for a term of three years or till he ceases

6
to be a member of the Council, whichever is earlier, but
(2) An elected President or Vice-President of the subject to his being a member of the Council, he shall be
Council shall hold office for a term of three eligible for re-election:
years or till he ceases to be a member of the
Council, whichever is earlier, but subject to his Provided that –
being a member of the Council, he shall be (a) the President or the Vice-President may, by
eligible for re-election: writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-
President or the President, as the case may be,
Provided that – resign his office;
(a) the President or the Vice-President may,
by writing under his hand addressed to (b) President or the Vice-President shall,
the Vice-President or the President, as the notwithstanding the expiry of his term of three
case may be, resign his office; years, continue to hold office until his successor
enters upon office.
(b) President or the Vice-President shall,
notwithstanding the expiry of his term of
three years, continue to hold office until (3) The President and the Vice-President of the Council
his successor enters upon office. shall exercise such powers and discharge such duties
as may be prescribed by the regulations.
(3) The President and the Vice-President of the
Council shall exercise such powers and
discharge such duties as may be prescribed by
the regulations. (4) The process of election of President and Vice-President
shall be initiated by the Council two months before the
Insertion of Clause 4(4) – “The process of election of expiry of their term.
President and Vice-President shall be initiated by the Council
two months before the expiry of their term.”

5. (1) Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in such


5. (1) Elections under this Chapter shall be conducted in manner as may be prescribed by rules.
such manner as may be prescribed by rules. No amendment in 5(1) & 5(2)
(2) Where any dispute arises regarding any such election, the
(2) Where any dispute arises regarding any such matter shall be referred by the Council to a Tribunal
election, the matter shall be referred by the Council appointed by the Central Government by notification in the
to a Tribunal appointed by the Central Government Official Gazette in this behalf, and the decision of the
by notification in the Official Gazette in this behalf, Tribunal shall be final:
and the decision of the Tribunal shall be final:

7
Provided that no such reference shall be made except on an
Provided that no such reference shall be made application made to the Council by an aggrieved party
except on an application made to the Council by an within thirty days from the date of the declaration of the
aggrieved party within thirty days from the date of result of the election.
the declaration of the result of the election.
(3) The expenses of the Tribunal shall be borne by the Central
(3) The expenses of the Tribunal shall be borne by the Government from the Consolidated Fund of India.
Council. 5(3) – Substitution with “Central Government from the
Consolidated Fund of India.”

6. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an elected or


6. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, an elected No amendment in 6(1), 6(2), 6(3), 6(4) & 6(5) nominated member shall hold office for a term of three
or nominated member shall hold office for a term years from the date of his election or nomination or until
of three years from the date of his election or his successor has been duly elected or nominated
nomination or until his successor has been duly whichever is later.
elected or nominated whichever is later.
(2) An elected or nominated member may, at any time, resign
(2) An elected or nominated member may, at any his membership by writing under his hand addressed to
time, resign his membership by writing under his the President, or in his absence, to the Vice-President, and
hand addressed to the President, or in his absence, the seat of such member shall thereupon become vacant.
to the Vice-President, and the seat of such member
shall thereupon become vacant.
(3) A member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat –
(3) A member shall be deemed to have vacated his
seat – (i) if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the
(i) if he is absent without excuse, sufficient in opinion of the Council, from three consecutive
the opinion of the Council, from three ordinary meetings of the Council; or
consecutive ordinary meetings of the
Council; or (ii) if he ceases to be a member of the body referred to
(ii) if he ceases to be a member of the body in clause (a), clause(g) or clause(h) of sub-section
referred to in clause (a), clause(g) or (3) of section 3 by which he was elected or
clause(h) of sub-section (3) of section 3 by nominated, as the case may be; or
which he was elected or nominated, as the
case may be; or (iii) in the case where he has been elected under
(iii) in the case where he has been elected clause(c) of sub-section (3) of section 3, if he ceases
under clause(c) of sub-section (3) of to hold his appointment as the head of an
section 3, if he ceases to hold his Institution referred to in the said clause.

8
appointment as the head of an Institution
referred to in the said clause. (4) A Casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled by fresh
election or nomination, as the case may be, and the person
(4) A Casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled so elected or nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office
by fresh election or nomination, as the case only for the remainder of the term for which the member
may be, and the person so elected or whose place he takes was elected or nominated.
nominated to fill the vacancy shall hold office
only for the remainder of the term for which (5) Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-election or
the member whose place he takes was elected re-nomination, but not exceeding three consecutive terms.
or nominated.

(5) Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-


election or re-nomination, but not exceeding
three consecutive terms.

7. No act or proceeding of the Council or the Executive


7. No act or proceeding of the Council or the Executive No amendment in Clause 7 Committee or any other Committee shall be invalid merely by
Committee or any other Committee shall be invalid reason of –
merely by reason of – (a) any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of the
(a) any vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of Council, the Executive Committee or any other
the Council, the Executive Committee or any committee, or
other committee, or (b) any defect in the election or nomination of a person
(b) any defect in the election or nomination of a acting as a member thereof, or
person acting as a member thereof, or (c) any irregularity in procedure not affecting the merits
(c) any irregularity in procedure not affecting the of the case.
merits of the case.
8. A person shall not be eligible for election or nomination as a
8. A person shall not be eligible for election or nomination Addition in 8(a) – “according to laws prevalent in India as member of the Council, if he –
as a member of the Council, if he – amended from time to time”

(a) is an undischarged insolvent; or (a) is an undischarged insolvent according to laws


(b) has been convicted by a court in India for any No amendment in 8(b) prevalent in India as amended from time to time; or
offence and sentenced to imprisonment for not (b) has been convicted by a court in India for any offence
less than two years, and shall continue to be and sentenced to imprisonment for not less than two
ineligible for a further period of five years years, and shall continue to be ineligible for a further
since his release. period of five years since his release.

9
9. (1) The Council shall meet at least once in every six months
9. (1) The Council shall meet at least once in every six No amendment in 9(1) at such time and place and shall observe such rules of
months at such time and place and shall observe such procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its
rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of meetings as may be prescribed by regulations as amended
business at its meetings as may be prescribed by from time to time.
regulations.
(2) Unless otherwise prescribed by regulations, fifteen
(2) Unless otherwise prescribed by regulations, nine 9(2) – substitution with “fifteen” members of the Council shall form a quorum, and all the
members of the Council shall form a quorum, and acts of the Council shall be decided by a majority of the
all the acts of the Council shall be decided by a members present and voting.
majority of the members present and voting.
(3) In the case of an equal division of votes, the President, or in
(3) In the case of an equal division of votes, the No amendment in 9(3) his absence, the Vice-President or, in the absence of both,
President, or in his absence, the Vice-President or, the member presiding over the meeting, shall have and
in the absence of both, the member presiding over exercise a second or casting vote.
the meeting, shall have and exercise a second or
casting vote.
10. (1) The Council shall constitute from among its members an
10. (1) The Council shall constitute from among its No amendment in 10(1) to (5) Executive Committee, and may also constitute other
members an Executive Committee, and may also committees for such general or special purposes as the
constitute other committees for such general or Council deems necessary to carry out its functions under this
special purposes as the Council deems necessary to Act.
carry out its functions under this Act.
(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the President and
(2) The Executive Committee shall consist of the the Vice-President of the Council who shall be ex-officio
President and the Vice-President of the Council members and five other members who shall be elected by
who shall be members ex-officio and five other the Council from among its members.
members who shall be elected by the Council from
among its members. (3) The President and the Vice-President of the Council shall
be the Chairman and Vice-Chairman respectively of the
(3) The President and the Vice-President of the Executive Committee.
Council shall be the Chairman and Vice-Chairman
respectively of the Executive Committee. (4) A member of the Executive Committee shall hold office as
such until the expiry of his term as a member of the
(4) A member of the Executive Committee shall hold Council but subject to his being a member of the Council,
office as such until the expiry of his term as a he shall be eligible for re-election.
member of the Council but subject to his being a

10
member of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-
election.
(5) In addition to the powers and duties conferred and
(5) In addition to the powers and duties conferred and imposed on it by this Act, the Executive Committee shall
imposed on it by this Act, the Executive Committee exercise such powers and discharge such duties as may be
shall exercise such powers and discharge such prescribed by regulations.
duties as may be prescribed by regulations.

(6) The process of election of Executive Committee members


10(6) inserted with proviso – “The process of election of shall be initiated two months before the expiry of their
Executive Committee members shall be initiated two months term.
before the expiry of their term.”
11. The President, the Vice-President and other members of the
11. The President, the Vice-President and other members of 11.Substituted with “The President, the Vice-President Council shall be entitled to such fees and allowances as may
the Council shall be entitled to such fees and and other members of the Council shall be entitled to be determined by the regulations.
allowances as the Council may, with the previous such fees and allowances as may be determined by
sanction of the Central Government, fix in this behalf.
the regulations”
12. (1) The Council shall –
(a) appoint a Registrar who shall act as its Secretary and
12. (1) The Council shall –
who may also act, if so decided by the Council, as its
(a) appoint a Registrar who shall act as its
treasurer;
Secretary and who may also act, if so decided
by the Council, as its treasurer;
(b) appoint such other officers and employees as the
Council deems necessary to enable it to carry out its
(b) appoint such other officers and employees as
functions under this Act;
the Council deems necessary to enable it to
carry out its functions under this Act;
(c) fix the pay and allowances and other conditions of
Substitutions of 12(1)(c) as under : service of officers and other employees of the Council
(c) with the previous sanction of the Central
Government, fix the pay and allowances and by Regulations.
fix the pay and allowances and other conditions of service of
other conditions of service of officers and other
employees of the Council. officers and other employees of the Council by Regulations.

11
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause(a) of sub-
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause(a) of No amendment in 12(2) and 12(3) section(1), for the first three years from the first constitution of
sub-section (1), for the first three years from the the Council, the Registrar of the Council shall be a person
first constitution of the Council, the Registrar of the appointed by the Central government, who shall hold office
Council shall be a person appointed by the Central during the pleasure of the Central Government.
government, who shall hold office during the
pleasure of the Central Government. (3) All the persons appointed under this section shall be the
employees of the Council.
(3) All the persons appointed under this section shall
be the employees of the Council.

13. (1) There shall be established a Fund under the management


13. (1) There shall be established a Fund under the No amendment in 13 and control of the Council into which shall be paid all
management and control of the Council into which moneys received by the Council and out of which shall be
shall be paid all moneys received by the Council met all expenses and liabilities properly incurred by the
and out of which shall be met all expenses and Council.
liabilities properly incurred by the Council.
(2) The Council may invest any money for the time being
(2) The Council may invest any money for the time standing to the credit of the Fund in any Government
being standing to the credit of the Fund in any security or in any other security approved by the Central
Government security or in any other security Government.
approved by the Central Government.
(3) The Council shall keep proper accounts of the Fund
(3) The Council shall keep proper accounts of the Fund distinguishing capital from revenue.
distinguishing capital from revenue.
(4) The annual accounts of the Council shall be subject (4) The annual accounts of the Council shall be subject to audit
to audit by an auditor to be appointed annually by by an auditor to be appointed annually by the Council.
the Council.
(5) As soon as may be practicable at the end of each (5) As soon as may be practicable at the end of each year, but
year, but not later than the thirtieth day of not later than the thirtieth day of September of the year
September of the year next following, the Council next following, the Council shall cause to be published in
shall cause to be published in the Official Gazette a the Official Gazette a copy of the audited accounts and the
copy of the audited accounts and the report of the report of the Council for that year and copies of the said
Council for that year and copies of the said accounts and report shall be forwarded to the Central
accounts and report shall be forwarded to the Government.
Central Government.

12
(6) The Fund shall consist of – (6) The Fund shall consist of –
(a) all moneys received from the Central
Government by way of grant, gift or deposit; (a) all moneys received from the Central Government by
(b) any sums received under this Act whether by way of grant, gift or deposit;
way of fee or otherwise. (b) any sums received under this Act whether by way of
(7) All moneys standing at the credit of the Council fee or otherwise.
which cannot be immediately be applied shall be
deposited in the State Bank of India or in any other (7) All moneys standing at the credit of the Council which
bank specified in column 2 of the First Schedule to cannot be immediately be applied shall be deposited in the
the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer State Bank of India or in any other bank specified in column
of Undertakings) Act, 1970. 2 of the First Schedule to the Banking Companies
(Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970.

14. (1) The qualifications included in the schedule or


notified under section 15 shall be recognised 14. (1) The qualifications included in the first schedule or notified
qualifications for the purposes of this Act. under section 15 shall be recognized qualifications for the
(2) Any authority in India which grants an Insertion of word ‘first’ in Section 14(1) and 14(2) purposes of this Act.
architectural qualification not included in the
schedule may apply to the Central Government to (2) Any authority in India which grants an architectural
have such qualification recognised, and the Central qualification not included in the first schedule may apply
Government, after consultation with the Council, to the Central Government to have such qualification
may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend recognized, and the Central Government, after consultation
the schedule so as to include such qualification with the Council, may, by notification in the Official
therein, and any such notification may also direct Gazette, amend the first schedule so as to include such
that an entry shall be made in the schedule against qualification therein, and any such notification may also
such architectural qualification declaring that it direct that an entry shall be made in the first schedule
shall be a recognised qualification only when against such architectural qualification declaring that it
granted after a specified date. shall be a recognized qualification only when granted after
a specified date.
Provided that until the first Council is constituted,
the Central Government shall, before, issuing any Provided that until the first Council is constituted, the
notification as aforesaid, consult an expert Central Government shall, before, issuing any notification
committee consisting of three members to be as aforesaid, consult an expert committee consisting of
appointed by the Central Government by three members to be appointed by the Central Government
notification in the official Gazette. by notification in the official Gazette.

13
14A (1) The qualifications included in the second schedule shall
Insertion of Section 14A – be additional qualifications for the purposes of this Act.
(1) The qualifications included in the second
schedule shall be additional qualifications for the
purposes of this Act. (2) Any authority in India which grants an architectural
qualification not included in the second schedule may
(2) Any authority in India which grants an apply to the Central Government to have such qualification
architectural qualification not included in the included, and the Central Government, after consultation
second schedule may apply to the Central with the Council, may, by notification in the Official
Government to have such qualification included, Gazette, amend the second schedule so as to include such
and the Central Government, after consultation qualification therein, and any such notification may also
with the Council, may, by notification in the direct that an entry shall be made in the second schedule
Official Gazette, amend the schedule so as to against such architectural qualification declaring that it
include such qualification therein, and any such shall be a additional qualification only when granted after a
notification may also direct that an entry shall be specified date.
made in the schedule against such architectural
qualification declaring that it shall be an
additional qualification only when granted after
a specified date.
15.(1) The Central Government may, after consultation with the
Council, direct, by notification in the Official Gazette, that
15.(1) The Central Government may, after consultation No amendment in 15. an architectural qualification granted by any university or
with the Council, direct, by notification in the other institution in any country outside India in respect of
Official Gazette, that an architectural qualification which a scheme of reciprocity for the recognition of
granted by any university or other institution in architectural qualification is not in force, shall be a
any country outside India in respect of which a recognized qualification for the purposes of this Act or,
scheme of reciprocity for the recognition of shall be so only when granted after a specified date or
architectural qualification is not in force, shall be a before a specified date :
recognised qualification for the purposes of this Act
or, shall be so only when granted after a specified Provided that until the first Council is constituted the
date or before a specified date : Central Government shall, before issuing any notification
as aforesaid, consult the expert committee set up under the
Provided that until the first Council is constituted proviso to sub-section (2) of section 14.
the Central Government shall, before issuing any
notification as aforesaid, consult the expert
committee set up under the proviso to sub-section
(2) of section 14.

14
(2) The Council may enter into negotiations with the authority
(2) The Council may enter into negotiations with the in any State or country outside India, which by the law of
authority in any State or country outside India, such State or country is entrusted with the maintenance of a
which by the law of such State or country is register of architects, for settling of a scheme of reciprocity
entrusted with the maintenance of a register of for the recognition of architectural qualifications and in
architects, for settling of a scheme of reciprocity for pursuance of any such scheme, the Central Government
the recognition of architectural qualifications and in may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that such
pursuance of any such scheme, the Central architectural qualification as the Council has decided
Government may, by notification in the Official should be recognized, shall be deemed to be a recognized
Gazette, direct that such architectural qualification qualification for the purposes of this Act, and any such
as the Council has decided should be recognised, notification may also direct that such architectural
shall be deemed to be a recognised qualification for qualification, shall be so recognized only when granted
the purposes of this Act, and any such notification after a specified date or before a specified date.
may also direct that such architectural qualification,
shall be so recognised only when granted after a
specified date or before a specified date.

16. Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2) Substitution of “schedule” with “schedules”
of section 14, the Central Government, after 16. Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (2) of
consultation with the Council, may, by notification in section 14, the Central Government, after consultation with the
the Official Gazette, amend the schedule by directing Council, may, by notification in the Official Gazette, amend
that an entry be made in respect of any architectural the schedules by directing that an entry be made in respect of
qualification. any architectural qualification.

17. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, Substitution in Clause 17 with “any person possessing 17. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, but
but subject to the provisions of this Act, any recognized qualification shall be eligible for appearing in the subject to the provisions of this Act, any person possessing
recognised qualification shall be a sufficient professional examination conducted by the Council under recognized qualification shall be eligible for appearing in the
qualification for enrolment in the register. Section 2 (cf) of the Act.” professional examination conducted by the Council under
Section 2 (cf) of the Act.

18. (1) Every authority or institution in India intending to grant a

15
18. Every authority in India which grants a recognised Substitution of Section 18 with - “(1) Every authority or recognized qualification or additional qualification shall seek
qualification shall furnish such information as the institution in India intending to grant a recognized prior approval of the Council with a definite intake capacity to
Council may, from time to time, require as to the qualification or additional qualification shall seek prior commence a recognized qualification or additional
courses of study and examinations to be undergone in approval of the Council with a definite intake capacity to qualification and for continuation of the same from time to
order to obtain such qualification, as to the ages at commence a recognized qualification or additional time.
which such courses of study and examinations are qualification and for continuation of the same from time to
required to be undergone and such qualification is time. (2) The Council, may seek information from any such
conferred and generally as to the requisites for authority or institution regarding the courses of study and
obtaining such qualification. (2) The Council, may seek information from any such examinations to be undergone in order to obtain such
authority or institution regarding the courses of study and certificates; regarding entry age to such courses and
examinations to be undergone in order to obtain such examinations required for such certificate(s) and any other
certificates; regarding entry age to such courses and information or information’s as may be required by the
examinations required for such certificate(s) and any other Council from time to time.
information or information’s as may be required by the
Council from time to time.”

19. (1) The Executive Committee shall, subject to regulations, if


19. (1) The Executive Committee shall, subject to Insertion in Clause 19(1) – “upon receipt of inspection any, made by the Council, upon receipt of inspection
regulations, if any, made by the Council, appoint charges from the concerned institution, as may be prescribed charges from the concerned institution, as may be
such number of inspectors as it may deem requisite by the Council” and “or is proposed to be given” prescribed by the Council, appoint such number of
to inspect any college or institution where inspectors as it may deem requisite to inspect any college or
architectural education is given or to attend any institution where architectural education is given or is
examination held by any college or institution for proposed to be given or to attend any examination held by
the purpose of recommending to the Central any college or institution for the purpose of recommending
Government recognition of architectural to the Central Government recognition of architectural
qualifications granted by that college or institution. qualifications granted by that college or institution.

(2) The inspectors shall not interfere with the conduct of classes
(2) The inspectors shall not interfere with the conduct of and any training or examination, but shall report to the
any training or examination, but shall report to the Insertion in Clause 19(2) – “admissions to the course” and Executive Committee on the adequacy of the standards of
Executive Committee on the adequacy of the “eligible qualifications of the concerned faculty” architectural education including admissions to the course,
standards of architectural education including staff, staff, equipment, accommodation; training, eligible
equipment, accommodation; training and such qualifications of the concerned faculty and such other
other facilities as may be prescribed by regulations facilities as may be prescribed by regulations for giving
for giving such education or on the sufficiency of such education or on the sufficiency of every examination
every examination which they attend. which they attend.

16
(3) The Executive Committee shall forward a copy of (3) The Executive Committee shall forward a copy of such
such report to the college or institution and shall No amendment in 19(3). report to the college or institution and shall also forward
also forward copies with remarks, if any, of the copies with remarks, if any, of the college or institution
college or institution thereon, to the Central thereon, to the Appropriate Government.
Government.

20.(1) When upon report by the Executive Committee it appears to


the Council -
20.(1) When upon report by the Executive Committee it
appears to the Council - (a) that the courses of study and examination to be
(a) that the courses of study and examination to undergone in, or the proficiency required from the
be undergone in, or the proficiency required candidates at any examination held by, any college or
from the candidates at any examination held institution, or
by, any college or institution, or
(b) that the staff, equipment, accommodation, training
(b) that the staff, equipment, accommodation, and other facilities for staff and training provided in
training and other facilities for staff and Substitution in 20(1) with – “may serve a notice to such such college or institution,
training provided in such college or institution to rectify any such deficiencies within a maximum
institution, period of six months failing which such institution shall be do not conform to the standards prescribed by regulations,
suspended from admitting further students for the next the Council may serve a notice to such institution to rectify
academic year, or more, and shall further make a any such deficiencies within a maximum period of six
do not conform to the standards prescribed by representation to that effect to the appropriate Government months failing which such institution shall be suspended
regulations, the Council shall make a and also to the Central Government.” from admitting further students for the next academic year,
representation to that effect to the appropriate or more, and shall further make a representation to that
Government. effect to the appropriate Government and also to the
Central Government.

(2) After considering such representation, the appropriate


Government shall forward the same along with their
(2) After considering such representation the Substitution of 20(2) with – “After considering such remarks within 30 days of receipt of such representation to
appropriate Government shall forward it along representation, the appropriate Government shall forward the college or institution concerned, with a direction that
with such remarks as it may choose to make to the the same along with their remarks within 30 days of receipt the college or institution, as the case may be, shall submit
college or institution concerned, with an intimation of such representation to the college or institution concerned, its explanation to the appropriate Government within 30
of the period within which the college or with a direction that the college or institution, as the case days of receipt of the appropriate government letter.
institution, as the case may be, may submit its may be, shall submit its explanation to the appropriate
explanation to the appropriate Government. Government within 30 days of receipt of the appropriate

17
government letter.”
(3) On receipt of the explanation or where no explanation is
(3) On receipt of the explanation or where no Substitution in 20(3) with – “within 30 days after expiry of submitted within the period fixed, then on the expiry of
explanation is submitted within the period fixed, period prescribed under sub-section (2)” that period, the State Government, in respect of the college
then on the expiry of that period, the State or institution referred to in clause(b) of sub-section (5), shall
Government, in respect of the college or institution make its recommendations within 30 days after expiry of
referred to in clause(b) of sub-section (5), shall period prescribed under sub-section (2).
make its recommendations to the Central
Government.
(4) The Central Government –
Substitution in Section 20(4)(a) with – “within 30 days of
(4) The Central Government – receipt of recommendations of appropriate Government” (a) within 30 days of receipt of recommendations of
appropriate Government, as it may think fit, in
(a) after making such further enquiry, if any, as it respect of the college or institution referred to in sub-
may think fit, in respect of the college or section (3), or
institution referred to in sub-section (3), or
(b) on receipt of the explanation from a college or
(b) on receipt of the explanation from a college or institution referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (5),
institution referred to in clause (a) of sub- or where no explanation is submitted within the
section (5), or where no explanation is period fixed, then on the expiry of that period,
submitted within the period fixed, then on the
expiry of that period, shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that an
Addition of “or additional qualification, as the case may be,” entry shall be made in the Schedule against the
may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct architectural qualification awarded by such college or
that an entry shall be made in the Schedule against institution, as the case may be, declaring that it shall be a
the architectural qualification awarded by such recognised qualification or additional qualification, as the
college or institution, as the case may be, declaring case may be, only when granted before a specified date and
that it shall be a recognised qualification only when the Schedule shall be deemed to be amended accordingly.
granted before a specified date and the Schedule
shall be deemed to be amended accordingly. (5) For the purposes of this section, “appropriate Government”
means –
(5) For the purposes of this section, “appropriate No amendment in 20(5)
Government” means – (a) in relation to any college or institution established by
(a) in relation to any college or institution an Act of Parliament or managed, controlled or
established by an Act of Parliament or financed by the Central Government, the Central
managed, controlled or financed by the Government, and
Central Government, the Central (b) in any other case, the State Government.

18
Government, and
(b) in any other case, the State Government. 21. (1) The Council may prescribe the minimum standards of
Substitution of 21 with - “(1) The Council may prescribe the architectural education required for granting recognized
21. The Council may prescribe the minimum standards minimum standards of architectural education required for qualifications and additional qualifications by colleges or
of architectural education required for granting granting recognised qualifications and additional institutions or other authorities in India.
recognised qualifications by colleges or institutions qualifications by colleges or institutions or other authorities
in India. in India. (2) The Council may prescribe standards for ranking or
accrediting the institutions imparting recognized
(2) The Council may prescribe standards for ranking or qualifications and additional qualifications.
accrediting the institutions imparting recognized
qualifications and additional qualifications. (3) The Council shall constitute a Board to conduct professional
examination for registration of architects.
(3) The Council shall constitute a Board to conduct
professional examination for registration of architects.”

22. (1)The Council may by regulations prescribe standards of


Insertion in Clause 22(1) – “architectural firms and limited professional conduct and etiquette and a code of ethics for
22.(1) The Council may by regulations prescribe liability partnerships of architects” architects, architectural firms and limited liability
standards of professional conduct and etiquette partnerships of architects.
and a code of ethics for architects. Insertion of Clause 22(1A) – “The Council may make
regulations prescribing Scale of Charges for various (1A) The Council may make regulations prescribing Scale of
Architectural Services.” Charges for various Architectural Services.

(2) Regulations made by the Council under sub-section (1) may


(2) Regulations made by the Council under sub-section Insertion in Clause 22(2) – “of an architect, architectural firm, specify which violations thereof shall constitute infamous
(1) may specify which violations thereof shall limited liability partnership of architects” conduct in any professional respect, that is to say,
constitute infamous conduct in any professional professional misconduct of an architect, architectural firm,
respect, that is to say, professional misconduct, and limited liability partnership of architects, and such
such provision shall have effect notwithstanding provision shall have effect notwithstanding anything
anything contained in any law for the time being in contained in any law for the time being in force.
force.

19
CHAPTER III
CHAPTER III
REGISTRATION OF ARCHITECTS
REGISTRATION OF ARCHITECTS
23. (1) The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, cause to
23. (1) The Central Government shall, as soon as may be, No amendment in Section 23 be prepared in the manner hereinafter provided a register
cause to be prepared in the manner hereinafter of architects for India.
provided a register of architects for India.
(2) The Council shall upon its constitution assume the duty of
(2) The Council shall upon its constitution assume the maintaining the register in accordance with the provisions
duty of maintaining the register in accordance with of this Act.
the provisions of this Act.
(3) The register shall include the following particulars, (3) The register shall include the following particulars,
namely:- namely:-
(a) the full name with date of birth, nationality (a) the full name with date of birth, nationality and
and residential address of the architect; residential address of the architect;
(b) his qualification for registration, and the date (b) his qualification for registration, and the date on which
on which he obtained that qualification and the he obtained that qualification and the authority which
authority which conferred it; conferred it;
(c) the date of his first admission to the register; (c) the date of his first admission to the register;
(d) his professional address; and (d) his professional address; and
(e) such further particulars as may be prescribed (e) such further particulars as may be prescribed by rules.
by rules.

24. (1) For the purposes of preparing the register of No amendment in Section 24. 24. (1) For the purposes of preparing the register of architects for
architects for the first time, the Central Government the first time, the Central Government shall, by notification
shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, in the Official Gazette, constitute a Registration Tribunal
constitute a Registration Tribunal consisting of consisting of three persons who have, in the opinion of the
three persons who have, in the opinion of the Central Government, the knowledge of, or experience in,
Central Government, the knowledge of, or architecture; and the Registrar appointed under section 12
experience in, architecture; and the Registrar shall act as Secretary of the Tribunal.
appointed under section 12 shall act as Secretary of
the Tribunal. (2) The Central Government shall, by the same or a like
notification, appoint a date on or before which application
(2) The Central Government shall, by the same or a for registration, which shall be accompanied by such fee as
like notification, appoint a date on or before which may be prescribed by rules, shall be made to the
application for registration, which shall be Registration Tribunal.

20
accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed by
rules, shall be made to the Registration Tribunal. (3) The Registration Tribunal shall examine every application
received on or before the appointed day and if it is satisfied
(3) The Registration Tribunal shall examine every that the applicant is qualified for registration under section
application received on or before the appointed day 25, shall direct the entry of the name of the applicant in the
and if it is satisfied that the applicant is qualified register.
for registration under section 25, shall direct the
entry of the name of the applicant in the register. (4) The first register so prepared shall thereafter be published
in such manner as the Central Government may direct and
(4) The first register so prepared shall thereafter be any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registration
published in such manner as the Central Tribunal expressed or implied in the register so published
Government may direct and any person aggrieved may, within thirty days from the date of such publication,
by a decision of the Registration Tribunal expressed appeal against such decision to an authority appointed by
or implied in the register so published may, within the central Government in this behalf by notification in the
thirty days from the date of such publication, Official Gazette.
appeal against such decision to an authority
appointed by the central Government in this behalf (5) The authority appointed under sub-section (4) shall, after
by notification in the Official Gazette. giving the person affected an opportunity of being heard
and after calling for relevant records, make such order as it
(5) The authority appointed under sub-section (4) may deem fit.
shall, after giving the person affected an
opportunity of being heard and after calling for
relevant records, make such order as it may deem (6) The Registrar shall amend, where necessary, the register in
fit. accordance with the decisions of the authority appointed
under sub-section (4).
(6) The Registrar shall amend, where necessary, the
register in accordance with the decisions of the (7) Every person whose name is entered in the register shall be
authority appointed under sub-section (4). issued a certificate of registration in such form as may be
prescribed by rules.
(7) Every person whose name is entered in the register
shall be issued a certificate of registration in such (8) Upon the constitution of the Council, the register shall be
form as may be prescribed by rules. given into its custody, and the Central Government may
direct that the whole or any specified part of the application
(8) Upon the constitution of the Council, the register fees for registration in the first register shall be paid to the
shall be given into its custody, and the Central credit of the Council.
Government may direct that the whole or any
specified part of the application fees for registration

21
in the first register shall be paid to the credit of the
Council.
25. A person shall be entitled on payment of such fees as may be
25. A person shall be entitled on payment of such fees as Substitution of ‘or’ with ‘and’ in 25 prescribed by rules to have his name entered in the register, if
may be prescribed by rules to have his name entered in he resides and carries on the profession of architect in India and
the register, if he resides or carries on the profession of –
architect in India and – Substitution of 25(a) with – “has completed 1 year training
under a registered architect, firm of architects or limited (a) has completed 1 year training under a registered
(a) holds a recognised qualification, or liability partnership of architects having minimum 5 years of architect, firm of architects or limited liability
standing, after obtaining the recognized qualification and partnership of architects having minimum 5 years of
qualifying the professional examination conducted by the standing, after obtaining the recognized qualification
Council under Section 2 (cf) of the Act,” and qualifying the professional examination conducted
by the Council under Section 2 (cf) of the Act, or

(b) does not hold such a qualification but, being a citizen of


(b) does not hold such a qualification but, being a No amendment in 25(b) and 25(c). India, has been engaged in practice as an architect for a
citizen of India, has been engaged in practice as period of not less than five years prior to the date
an architect for a period of not less than five appointed under sub-section (2) of section 24, or
years prior to the date appointed under sub-
section (2) of section 24, or (c) possesses such other qualifications as may be
prescribed by rules:
(c) possesses such other qualifications as may be
prescribed by rules:
Provided that no person other than a citizen of India shall
be entitled to registration by virtue of a qualification –
Provided that no person other than a citizen of No amendment in proviso.
India shall be entitled to registration by virtue of a (a) recognised under sub-section (1) of section 15 unless by
qualification – the law and practice of a country outside India to
(a) recognised under sub-section (1) of section 15 which such person belongs, citizens of India holding
unless by the law and practice of a country architectural qualification registrable in that country
outside India to which such person belongs, are permitted to enter and practise the profession of
citizens of India holding architectural architect in such country, or
qualification registrable in that country are
permitted to enter and practise the profession (b) unless the Central Government has, in pursuance of a
of architect in such country, or scheme of reciprocity or otherwise, declared that
(b) unless the Central Government has, in qualification to be a recognised qualification under sub-
pursuance of a scheme of reciprocity or section (2) of section 15.

22
otherwise, declared that qualification to be a
recognised qualification under sub-section (2)
of section 15. 25A. Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, bye-law,
regulation of any development authority, municipal
authority, local body, etc. only an architect registered under
this Act shall be entitled to provide architectural services
throughout the country and shall not be subjected to any
Insertion of Section 25A – “Notwithstanding anything further registration with any local body, development
contained in any law, bye-law, regulation of any authority or any institution or local self-government.
development authority, municipal authority, local body, etc.
only an architect registered under this Act shall be entitled to
provide architectural services throughout the country and
shall not be subjected to any further registration with any
local body, development authority or any institution or4 local
self-government.”

26. (1) After passing the professional examination conducted by the


26. (1) After the date appointed for the receipt of Section 26(1) substituted with – “After passing the Council under Section 2 (cf) of the Act, all applications for
applications for registration in the first register of professional examination conducted by the Council under registration shall be addressed to the Registrar of the Council
architects, all applications for registration shall be Section 2 (cf) of the Act, all applications for registration shall and shall be accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed by
addressed to the Registrar of the Council and shall be addressed to the Registrar of the Council and shall be rules.
be accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed by rules.”
by rules. (2) If upon such application the Registrar is of opinion that the
(2) If upon such application the Registrar is of opinion applicant is entitled to have his name entered in the
that the applicant is entitled to have his name No amendment in 26(2), 26(3), 26(4) register he shall enter thereon the name of the applicant:
entered in the register he shall enter thereon the
name of the applicant: Provided that no person, whose name has under the
provisions of this Act been removed from the register,
Provided that no person, whose name has under shall be entitled to have his name re-entered in the register
the provisions of this Act been removed from the except with the approval of the Council.
register, shall be entitled to have his name re-
entered in the register except with the approval of (3) Any person whose application for registration is rejected by
the Council. the Registrar may, within three months of the date of such
rejection, appeal to the Council.
(3) Any person whose application for registration is
rejected by the Registrar may, within three months (4) Upon entry in the register of a name under this section, the

23
of the date of such rejection, appeal to the Council. Registrar shall issue a certificate of registration in such
form as may be prescribed by the rules.
(4) Upon entry in the register of a name under this
section, the Registrar shall issue a certificate of
registration in such form as may be prescribed by
the rules.
(5) Every architect shall notify any change of the place of office,
Insertion of Clause 26(5) - Every architect shall notify any residence or practice, or place of employment in writing
change of the place of office, residence or practice, or place of within 60 days of such change.
employment in writing within 60 days of such change.
27. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official
27. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the No amendment in Section 27. Gazette, direct that for the retention of a name in the
Official Gazette, direct that for the retention of a register after the 31st day of December of the year
name in the register after the 31st day of December following the year in which the name is first entered in the
of the year following the year in which the name is register, there shall be paid annually to the Council such
first entered in the register, there shall be paid renewal fee as may be prescribed by rules and where such
annually to the Council such renewal fee as may direction has been made, such renewal fee shall be due to
be prescribed by rules and where such direction be paid before the first day of April of the year to which it
has been made, such renewal fee shall be due to be relates.
paid before the first day of April of the year to
which it relates. (2) Where the renewal fee is not paid before the due date, the
Registrar shall remove the name of the defaulter from the
(2) Where the renewal fee is not paid before the due register:
date, the Registrar shall remove the name of the
defaulter from the register: Provided that a name so removed may be restored to the
register on such conditions as may be prescribed by rules.
Provided that a name so removed may be restored
to the register on such conditions as may be (3) On payment of the renewal fee, the Registrar shall, in such
prescribed by rules. manner as may be prescribed by rules, endorse the
certificate of registration accordingly.
(3) On payment of the renewal fee, the Registrar shall,
in such manner as may be prescribed by rules,
endorse the certificate of registration accordingly.

28. An architect shall, on payment of such fee as may be


prescribed by rules, be entitled to have entered in the

24
register any further recognised qualification which he
may obtain. Substitution of Section 28 as under . 28. An Architect whose name is entered in the register on payment
of such fee as may be prescribed by rules be entitled to have
“An Architect whose name is entered in the register on any entry stating such additional qualification, made against
payment of such fee as may be prescribed by rules be his name in the register in addition to any entry previously
entitled to have any entry stating such additional qualification, made.
made against his name in the register in addition to any entry
previously made.”

29. (1) The Council may, by order, remove from the register No amendment in Section 29. 29. (1) The Council may, by order, remove from the register the
the name of any architect – name of any architect–
(a) from whom a request has been received to (a) from whom a request has been received to that effect,
that effect, or or
(b) who has died since the last publication of the (b) who has died since the last publication of the register.
register.
(2) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Council may
(2) Subject to the provisions of this section, the order that the name of any architect shall be removed
Council may order that the name of any architect from the register where it is satisfied, after giving him a
shall be removed from the register where it is reasonable opportunity of being heard and after such
satisfied, after giving him a reasonable further inquiry, if any, as it may think fit to make, -
opportunity of being heard and after such further (a) that his name has been entered in the register by
inquiry, if any, as it may think fit to make, - error or on account of misrepresentation or
(a) that his name has been entered in the register suppression of a material fact; or
by error or on account of misrepresentation (b) that he has been convicted of any offence which, in
or suppression of a material fact; or the opinion of the Council, involves moral turpitude;
(b) that he has been convicted of any offence or
which, in the opinion of the Council, involves (c) that he is an undischarged insolvent; or
moral turpitude; or (d) that he has been adjudged by a competent court to be
(c) that he is an undischarged insolvent; or of unsound mind.
(d) that he has been adjudged by a competent
court to be of unsound mind. (3) An order under sub-section (2) may direct that any
architect whose name is ordered to be removed from a
(3) An order under sub-section (2) may direct that register shall be ineligible for registration under this Act
any architect whose name is ordered to be for such period as may be specified.
removed from a register shall be ineligible for
registration under this Act for such period as
may be specified. (4) An order under sub-section (2) shall not take effect until

25
(4) An order under sub-section (2) shall not take the expiry of three months from the date thereof.
effect until the expiry of three months from the
date thereof.

30. (1) When on receipt of a complaint made to it, the No amendment in Section 30. 30. (1) When on receipt of a complaint made to it, the Council is of
Council is of opinion that any architect has been opinion that any architect has been guilty of professional
guilty of professional misconduct which, if misconduct which, if proved, will render him unfit to
proved, will render him unfit to practise as an practise as an architect, the Council may hold an inquiry
architect, the Council may hold an inquiry in such in such manner as may be prescribed by rules.
manner as may be prescribed by rules.
(2) After holding the inquiry under sub-section (1) and after
(2) After holding the inquiry under sub-section (1) hearing the architect, the Council may, by order,
and after hearing the architect, the Council may, reprimand the said architect or suspend him from
by order, reprimand the said architect or practice as an architect or remove his name from the
suspend him from practice as an architect or register or pass such other order as it thinks fit.
remove his name from the register or pass such
other order as it thinks fit.

31. A person whose name has been removed from the No amendment in Section 31. 31. A person whose name has been removed from the register
register under sub-section (2) of section 27, sub- under sub-section (2) of section 27, sub-section (1) or sub-
section (1) or sub-section(2) of section 29 or sub- section (2) of section 29 or sub-section (2) of section 30, or
section (2) of section 30, or where such person is where such person is dead, his legal representative, as
dead, his legal representative, as defined in clause defined in clause (11) of section 2 of the Code of Civil
(11) of section 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, Procedure, 1908, shall forthwith surrender his certificate of
shall forthwith surrender his certificate of registration to the Registrar, and the name so removed shall
registration to the Registrar, and the name so be published in the Official Gazette.
removed shall be published in the Official Gazette.

32. The Council may, at any time, for reasons appearing No amendment in Section 32. 32. The Council may, at any time, for reasons appearing to it be
to it be sufficient and subject to the approval of the sufficient and subject to the approval of the Central
Central Government, order that upon payment of Government, order that upon payment of such fee as may be
such fee as may be prescribed by rules, the name of prescribed by rules, the name of the person removed from
the person removed from the register shall be the register shall be restored thereto.
restored thereto.
33. Where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Registrar that a
33. Where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Registrar No amendment in Section 33. certificate of registration has been lost or destroyed, the
that a certificate of registration has been lost or Registrar may, on payment of such fee as may be prescribed

26
destroyed, the Registrar may, on payment of such fee by rules, issue a duplicate certificate in the form prescribed
as may be prescribed by rules, issue a duplicate by the rules.
certificate in the form prescribed by the rules.
34. As soon as may be, after the 1st day of April every year, the
34. As soon as may be after the Ist day of April in each Section 34 substituted with – “(1) As soon as may be, after the Registrar shall cause to print or make available electronic or
year, the Registrar shall cause to be printed copies of 1st day of April every year, the Registrar shall cause to print online copies of the register as on date and such copies shall
the register as it stood on the said date and such or make available electronic or online copies of the register as be made available to persons applying therefor on payment
copies shall be made available to persons applying on date and such copies shall be made available to persons of charges prescribed by the Council.
therefor on payment of such fee as may be prescribed applying therefor on payment of charges prescribed by the
by rules and shall be evidence that on the said date Council.
the persons whose names are entered therein were
architects.

35. (1) Any reference in any law for the time being in force to an
35. (1) Any reference in any law for the time being in No amendment in Section 35 (1) &(2). architect shall be deemed to be a reference to an architect
force to an architect shall be deemed to be a registered under this Act.
reference to an architect registered under this Act.
(2) After the expiry of two years from the date appointed
(2) After the expiry of two years from the date under sub-section (2) of section 24, a person who is
appointed under sub-section (2) of section 24, a registered in the register shall get preference for
person who is registered in the register shall get appointment as an architect under the Central or State
preference for appointment as an architect under Government or in any other local body or institution
the Central or State Government or in any other which is supported or aided from the public or local
local body or institution which is supported or funds or in any institution recognised by the Central or
aided from the public or local funds or in any State Government.
institution recognised by the Central or State
Government. Insertion of 35 (3), (4) and (5) as under : (3) Every architect appointed in the services of Central/ State
Government/ Union Territories and other authorities
established by law may exercise such powers, duties and
(3) Every architect appointed in the services of control as prescribed by the Council from time to time.
Central/ State Government/ Union Territories and
other authorities established by law may exercise such (4) The Council shall by regulations prescribe methods for
powers, duties and control as prescribed by the holding of competitions for architects and also for rendering
Council from time to time. architectural services by architects, firm of architects and
limited liability partnerships of architects/ companies.
(4) The Council shall by regulations prescribe methods

27
for holding of competitions for architects and also for Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law but
rendering architectural services by architects, firm of subject to the provisions of this Act, Regulations prescribed
architects and limited liability partnerships of by the Council under section 34(3) shall have effect over any
architects. other law in force.

Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law


but subject to the provisions of this Act, Regulations
prescribed by the Council under section 35 shall have
effect over any other law in force.

CHAPTER IV CHAPTER IV

MISCELLANEOUS MISCELLANEOUS
Substitution in 36 with “five lakh rupees”
36. If any person whose name is not for the time being 36. If any person whose name is not for the time being entered in
entered in the register falsely represents that it is so the register falsely represents that it is so entered, or uses in
entered, or uses in connection with his name or title connection with his name or title any words or letters
any words or letters reasonably calculated to suggest reasonably calculated to suggest that his name is so entered,
that his name is so entered, he shall be punishable he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five
with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees. lakh rupees.
Substitution of Section 37 with – “(1) Except as otherwise
37. (1) After the expiry of one year from the date appointed provided in this Act, or any other law for the time being in 37. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, or any other law
under sub-section (2) of section 24, no person other force, no person other than a registered architect or a firm of for the time being in force, no person other than a registered
than a registered architect, or a firm of architects architect or limited liability partnership of architects shall architect or a firm of architect or limited liability partnership
shall use the title and style of architect: practise the profession of architecture or provide of architects shall practise the profession of architecture or
architectural services. provide architectural services.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, or any (2) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, or any other
Provided that the provisions of this section other law for the time being in force, no entity other than law for the time being in force, no entity other than
shall not apply to- registered architect, or a Firm of Architect, or a limited registered architect, or a Firm of Architect, or a limited
liability partnership of architects shall use the title and style liability partnership of architects shall use the title and
(a) practice of the profession of an architect by of architect, style of architect,
a person designated as a “landscape
architect” or “naval architect”; Provided that the provisions of this section shall not apply Provided that the provisions of this section shall not
to- apply to-

(b) a person who, carrying on the profession (a) practice of the profession of an architect by a person (a) practice of the profession of an architect by a
of an architect in any country outside person designated as a “landscape architect” or

28
India, undertakes the function as a designated as a “landscape architect” or “naval architect”; “naval architect”;
consultant or designer in India for a
specific project with the prior permission (b) a person who, carrying on the profession of an (b) a person who, carrying on the profession of an
of the Central Government. architect in any country outside India, undertakes the architect in any country outside India, undertakes
function as a consultant or designer in India for a specific the function as a consultant or designer in India for
project with the prior permission of the Central Government. a specific project with the prior permission of the
Central Government.
Explanation – For the purposes of clause (a), - Explanation – For the purposes of clause (a), -
Explanation – For the purposes of clause (a), -
(i) “landscape architect” means a person who (i) “landscape architect” means a person who deals with the
deals with the design of open spaces design of open spaces relating to plants, trees and landscape; (i) “landscape architect” means a person who deals
relating to plants, trees and landscape; (ii) “naval architect” means an architect who deals with with the design of open spaces relating to plants,
(ii) “naval architect” means an architect who design and construction of ships. trees and landscape;
deals with design and construction of (ii) “naval architect” means an architect who deals
ships. with design and construction of ships.
(3) If any person contravenes the provisions of
(2) If any person contravenes the provisions of aforementioned sub-sections, he shall be punishable on first (3) If any person contravenes the provisions of
sub-section (1), he shall be punishable on first conviction with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees aforementioned sub-sections, he shall be punishable on
conviction with fine which may extend to five and on any subsequent conviction with imprisonment which first conviction with fine which may extend to five lakh
hundred rupees and on any subsequent may extend to five years or with fine not exceeding ten lakh rupees and on any subsequent conviction with
conviction with imprisonment which may rupees or with both. imprisonment which may extend to five years or with
extend to six months or with fine not fine not exceeding ten lakh rupees or with both.
exceeding one thousand rupees or with both. (4) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the
time being in force, no person, municipality or planning/ (4) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the
development authority, or local body or any other statutory time being in force, no person, municipality or
authority created under any other law shall have power to planning/ development authority, or local body or any
license or to designate a person as an Architect or to enable other statutory authority created under any other law
him to undertake architectural services. shall have power to license or to designate a person as an
Architect or to enable him to undertake architectural
services.

38. If any person whose name has been removed from Substitution in Section 38 of “one hundred” with “ten 38. If any person whose name has been removed from the
the register fails without sufficient cause forthwith to thousand” and of “ten rupees” with “one hundred”. register fails without sufficient cause forthwith to surrender
surrender his certificate of registration, he shall be his certificate of registration, he shall be punishable with fine
punishable with fine which may extend to one which may extend to ten thousand rupees, and, in the case of

29
hundred rupees, and, in the case of a continuing a continuing failure, with an additional fine which may
failure, with an additional fine which may extend to extend to one hundred rupees for each day after the first
ten rupees for each day after the first during which during which he has persisted in the failure.
he has persisted in the failure.

39. (1) No court shall take cognizance of any offence


punishable under this Act, except upon 39. (1) No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable
complaint made by order of the Council or a under this Act, except upon complaint made by order of
person authorised in this behalf by the Council. the Council or a person authorised in this behalf by the
Council.
(2) No Magistrate other than a Presidency
Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall (2) No Magistrate other than a Presidency Magistrate or a
try any offence punishable under this Act. Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence
punishable under this Act.

Insertion of Section 39(3)–Notwithstanding anything (3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law,
contained in any other law, but subject to the provisions of but subject to the provisions of this Act, only the courts
this Act, only the courts having jurisdiction over the head having jurisdiction over the head office of the Council
office of the Council shall take cognizance of any offence shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under
punishable under this Act. this Act.

40. (1) The Council shall furnish such reports, copies of No amendment in Section 40. 40. (1) The Council shall furnish such reports, copies of its
its minutes, and other information to the Central minutes, and other information to the Central Government as
Government as that Government may require. that Government may require.

(2) The Central Government may publish, in such (2) The Central Government may publish, in such manner
manner as it may think fit, any report, copy or as it may think fit, any report, copy or other information
other information furnished to it under this furnished to it under this section.
section.

41. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall No amendment in Section 41. 41. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie
lie against the Central Government, the Council or against the Central Government, the Council or any member

30
any member of the Council, the Executive Committee of the Council, the Executive Committee or any other
or any other committee or officers and other committee or officers and other employees of the Council for
employees of the Council for anything which is in anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done
good faith done or intended to be done under this under this Act or any rule or regulation made thereunder.
Act or any rule or regulation made thereunder.
42. The members of the Council and officers and other
42. The members of the Council and officers and other No amendment in Section 42. employees of the Council shall be deemed to be public
employees of the Council shall be deemed to be servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal
public servants within the meaning of section 21 of Code.
the Indian Penal Code.

Insertion of Section 42A. – “Notwithstanding anything


contained in the Wealth-tax Act, 1957 (27 of 1957), the 42A. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Wealth-tax Act,
Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), or any other enactment for 1957 (27 of 1957), the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961), or
the time being in force relating to tax on wealth, income, any other enactment for the time being in force relating to tax
profits or gains, the Council shall not be liable to pay wealth on wealth, income, profits or gains, the Council shall not be
tax, income tax or any other tax in respect of its wealth, liable to pay wealth tax, income tax or any other tax in
income, profits or gains derived.” respect of its wealth, income, profits or gains derived.

43. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the No amendment in Section 43. 43. (1) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of
provisions of this Act, the Central Government may, this Act, the Central Government may, by order published
by order published in the Official Gazette, make in the Official Gazette, make such provisions, not
such provisions, not inconsistent with the provisions inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as appear to it to
of this Act, as appear to it to be necessary or be necessary or expedient for removing the difficulty:
expedient for removing the difficulty:
Provided that no such order shall be made Provided that no such order shall be made under this section
under this section after the expiry of two years after the expiry of two years from the date of
from the date of commencement of this Act. commencement of this Act.

(2) Every order made under this section shall, as (2) Every order made under this section shall, as soon as
soon as may be after it is made, be laid before may be after it is made, be laid before each House of
each House of Parliament and the provisions of Parliament and the provisions of sub-section (3) of
sub-section (3) of section 44 shall apply in respect section 44 shall apply in respect of such order as it
of such order as it applies in respect of a rule applies in respect of a rule made under this Act.
made under this Act.

31
Insertion of Section 43A – “In the discharge of its functions 43A. In the discharge of its functions under this Act, the Council
under this Act, the Council shall be guided by such directions shall be guided by such directions on questions of policy
on questions of policy relating to national purposes as may relating to national purposes as may be given to it by the
be given to it by the Central Government. Central Government.

Provided that every direction under this sub-section, Provided that every direction under this sub-section, shall be
shall be given after consultation with the Council, as the given after consultation with the Council, as the Central
Central Government may deem necessary for the purpose.” Government may deem necessary for the purpose.

Insertion of Section 43B – “(1) Whenever it appears to the 43B. (1) Whenever it appears to the Central Government that the
Central Government that the Council is not complying with Council is not complying with any of the provisions of this
any of the provisions of this Act, Rules and Regulations Act, Rules and Regulations framed thereunder, or the
framed thereunder, or the directions issued by the Central directions issued by the Central Government under Section
Government under Section 43A, the Central Government 43A, the Central Government may, if it think so after having
may, if it think so after having afforded an opportunity to the afforded an opportunity to the Council to make its views,
Council to make its views, appoint a Commission of Enquiry appoint a Commission of Enquiry consisting of three
consisting of three persons, two of whom shall be appointed persons, two of whom shall be appointed by the Central
by the Central Government one being the Judge of a High Government one being the Judge of a High Court, and one by
Court, and one by the Council; and refer to it the matters on the Council; and refer to it the matters on which the enquiry
which the enquiry is to be made. is to be made.

(2) The Commission shall proceed to enquire in such manner (2) The Commission shall proceed to enquire in such manner
as it may deem fit and report to the Central Government on as it may deem fit and report to the Central Government on
the matters referred to it together with such remedies, if any, the matters referred to it together with such remedies, if any,
as the Commission may like to recommend. as the Commission may like to recommend.

(3) After the report is finally accepted, the Central (3) After the report is finally accepted, the Central
Government may forward the same to the Council to adopt Government may forward the same to the Council to adopt
the remedies so recommended within such time as may be the remedies so recommended within such time as may be
specified in the direction.” specified in the direction.

44. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in No amendment in Clause 44(1) 44. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the
the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the Official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of
purposes of this Act. this Act.

32
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the No amendment in Clauses 44(2)(a), 44(2)(b) (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of
generality of the foregoing power, such rules the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or
may provide for all or any of the following any of the following matters, namely:-
matters, namely:-
(a) the manner in which elections under Chapter II shall
(a) the manner in which elections under be conducted, the terms and conditions of service of
Chapter II shall be conducted, the terms and the member of the Tribunal appointed under sub-
conditions of service of the member of the section (2) of section 5 and the procedure to be
Tribunal appointed under sub-section (2) of followed by the Tribunal;
section 5 and the procedure to be followed
by the Tribunal; (b) the procedure to be followed by the expert
(b) the procedure to be followed by the expert committee constituted under the proviso to sub-
committee constituted under the proviso to section (2) of section 14 in the transaction of its
sub-section (2) of section 14 in the business and the powers and duties of the expert
transaction of its business and the powers committee and the travelling and daily allowances
and duties of the expert committee and the payable to the members thereof;
travelling and daily allowances payable to
the members thereof;

(c) the particulars to be included in the register Substitution of Clause 44(2)(c) with – “the particulars to be (c) the particulars to be included in the register of
of architects under sub-section (3) of section included in the register of architects, firm of architects, architects, firm of architects, limited liability
23; limited liability partnerships of Architects under sub-section partnerships of Architects under sub-section (3) of
(3) of section 23 and 23A” section 23 and 23A;

(d) the form in which a certificate of registration


is to be issued under sub-section (7) of No amendment in Clause 44(2)(d) (d) the form in which a certificate of registration is to be
section 24, sub-section (4) of section 26 and issued under sub-section (7) of section 24, sub-
section 33. section (4) of section 26 and section 33.

(e) the fee to be paid under sections 24, 25, 26,


27, 28, 32 and 33; Insertion of “23A” in Clause 44(2)(e) (e) the fee to be paid under sections 23A, 24, 25, 26, 27,
28, 32 and 33;
(f) the conditions on which name may be
restored to the register under the proviso to No amendment in Clause 44(2)(f), 44(2)(g), 44(2)(h) & 44(2)(i). (f) the conditions on which name may be restored to
sub-section (2) of section 27; the register under the proviso to sub-section (2) of
(g) the manner of endorsement under sub- section 27;
section (3) of section 27;

33
(h) the manner in which the Council shall hold (g) the manner of endorsement under sub-section (3) of
an enquiry under section 30; section 27;

(i) the fee for supplying printed copies of the (h) the manner in which the Council shall hold an
register under section 34. enquiry under section 30;

(i) the fee for supplying printed copies of the register


under section 34;
Insertion of Clause 44(2)(ia) – “fees for filing complaints for
professional misconduct against Architects” (ia) fees for filing complaints for professional misconduct
against Architects;

(j) any other matter which is to be or may be No amendment in Clause 44(2)(j) (j) any other matter which is to be or may be provided
provided by rules under this Act. by rules under this Act.

(3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid, No amendment in Clause 44(3) (3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon
as soon as may be after it is made, before each as may be after it is made, before each House of
House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of
total period of thirty days which may be thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in
comprised in one session or in two or more two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry
successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of of the session immediately following the session or the
the session immediately following the session or successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in
the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses making any modification to the rule or both Houses
agree in making any modification to the rule or agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall
both Houses agree that the rule should not be thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of
made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such
such modified form or be of no effect, as the case modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to
may be; so, however, that any such modification the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
or annulment shall be without prejudice to the
validity of anything previously done under that
rule.

45. (1) The Council may, with the approval of the central No amendment in Clause 45(1) 45. (1) The Council may, with the approval of the central
Government, *[by notification in the Official Government, *[by notification in the Official Gazette]
Gazette] make regulations not inconsistent with make regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of
the provisions of this Act, or the rules made this Act, or the rules made thereunder to carry out the
thereunder to carry out the purposes of this Act. purposes of this Act.

34
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the No amendment in Clause 45(2)(a), 45(2)(b), 45(2)(c) & (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of
generality of the foregoing power, such 45(2)(d) the foregoing power, such regulations may provide for –
regulations may provide for –
(a) the management of the property of the Council;
(a) the management of the property of the
Council; (b) the powers and duties of the President and the Vice-
(b) the powers and duties of the President and President of the Council;
the Vice-President of the Council
(ba) the remuneration, fees and allowances for the
Insertion of 45(2)(ba) –the remuneration, fees and allowances President, Vice-President and other members of the
for the President, Vice-President and other members of the Council;
Council;
(bb) the terms and conditions of service of the officers and (bb) the terms and conditions of service of the officers and
employees of the Council; employees of the Council;

(c) the summoning and holding of meetings of (c) the summoning and holding of meetings of the
the Council and the Executive Committee or Council and the Executive Committee or any other
any other committee constituted under committee constituted under section 10, the times
section 10, the times and places at which and places at which such meetings shall be held, the
such meetings shall be held, the conduct of conduct of business thereat and the number of
business thereat and the number of persons persons necessary to constitute a quorum.
necessary to constitute a quorum.

(d) the functions of the Executive Committee or (d) the functions of the Executive Committee or of any
of any other committee constituted under other committee constituted under section 10;
section 10;

(e) the courses and periods of study and of Substitution of 45(2)(e) with – “establishment of an (e) establishment of an institution, syllabus, courses and
practical training, if any, to be undertaken, institution, syllabus, courses and periods of study and of periods of study and of practical training, eligibility
the subjects of examinations and standards practical training, eligibility for admission to architecture for admission to architecture course, if any, to be
of proficiency therein to be obtained in any course, if any, to be undertaken, the subjects of examinations undertaken, the subjects of examinations and
college or institution for grant of recognised and standards of proficiency therein to be obtained in any standards of proficiency therein to be obtained in
qualifications; college or institution for grant of recognised qualifications any college or institution for grant of recognised
and additional qualifications, and penalty for non-adherence qualifications and additional qualifications, and
to minimum standards or malpractices of any nature by any penalty for non-adherence to minimum standards or

35
institution” malpractices of any nature by any institution;

(f) the appointment, powers and duties of No amendment in Clause 45(2)(f) (f) the appointment, powers and duties of inspector
inspector

(g) the standards of staff, equipment, Substitution of 45(2)(g) with – “the minimum qualification (g) the minimum qualification and experience for
accommodation, training and other facilities and experience for faculty members, the standards of staff, faculty members, the standards of staff, equipment,
for architectural education; equipment, accommodation, training and other facilities for accommodation, training and other facilities for
architectural education including grant of intake, period of architectural education including grant of intake,
approval etc.” period of approval etc.;

(h) the conduct of professional examinations, Substitution of 45(2)(h) with –“the conduct of aptitude test, (h) the conduct of aptitude test, professional
qualifications of examiners and the professional examination, qualifications of examiners, examination, qualifications of examiners, manner
conditions of admission to such manner and mode and place of examination and the and mode and place of examination and the
examinations; conditions of admission to such examinations” conditions of admission to such examinations;

(i) the standards of professional conduct and Insertion in 45(2)(i) of “architectural firms and limited (i) the standards of professional conduct and etiquette
etiquette and code of ethics to be observed liability partnerships of architects” and code of ethics to be observed by architects,
by architects; architectural firms and limited liability partnerships
Insertion of Clauses 45(2)(ia) – 45(2)(ig) – of architects;
“(ia) the minimum standards for postgraduate and other
higher-level courses in architecture; (ia) the minimum standards for postgraduate and other
higher-level courses in architecture;
(ib) ranking or accreditation of architectural courses offered
by institutions; (ib) ranking or accreditation of architectural courses
offered by institutions;

(ic) power, duties and control to be exercised by architects in (ic power, duties and control to be exercised by
government services. architects in government services.

(id) duties and functions of architects in practice and their (id) duties and functions of architects in practice and
liabilities. their liabilities.

(ie) procedure for appointment of practicing architects by (ie) procedure for appointment of practicing architects
government agencies. by government agencies.

(if) promotion of research and innovative techniques in (if) promotion of research and innovative techniques in

36
architecture.” architecture.

(j) any other matter which is to be or may be provided


by regulations under this Act and in respect of
(j) any other matter which is to be or may be No amendment in 45(2)(j) which no rules have been made.
provided by regulations under this Act and
in respect of which no rules have been made.
(3) Every regulation made under this section shall be laid,
(3) Every regulation made under this section shall No amendment in Clause 45(3) as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of
be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty
each House of Parliament, while it is in session, days which may be comprised in one session or in two or
for a total period of thirty days which may be more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the
comprised in one session or in two or more session immediately following the session or the successive
successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any
the session immediately following the session or modification to the regulation or both Houses agree that the
the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses regulation should not be made, the regulations shall
agree in making any modification to the thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of
regulation or both Houses agree that the no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such
regulation should not be made, the regulations modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the
shall thereafter have effect only in such modified validity of anything previously done under that regulation.
form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so,
however, that any such modification or
annulment shall be without prejudice to the
validity of anything previously done under that
regulation.
--------------------------

37