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MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL DESIGN BRIEF

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 SECTION 1 ACMV ....................................................................................................................... 4


1.1 GENERAL .............................................................................................................................................. 4
1.2 SCOPE OF WORK ................................................................................................................................. 4
1.3 CODE AND REGULATIONS................................................................................................................ 5
1.4 DESIGN CRITERIA............................................................................................................................... 5
1.4.1 Air-Conditioning .................................................................................................................. 6
1.4.2 Mechanical Ventilation ........................................................................................................ 8
1.5 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ...................................................................................................................... 9
1.5.1 Plant Load Sizing ................................................................................................................ 9
1.5.2 Chilled Water Distribution System .................................................................................... 10
1.5.3 Air Distribution System Types .......................................................................................... 11
1.5.4 Podium Level 1 to Level 5 Engineered Smoke Control System ....................................... 13
2 SECTION 2 PLUMBING AND SANITARY ............................................................................ 14
2.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 14
2.2 DESIGN CRITERIA .................................................................................................................................. 14
2.3 CODES AND REGULATIONS .................................................................................................................... 15
2.4 SANITARY SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................ 15
2.5 PLUMBING SYSTEM ............................................................................................................................... 16
2.6 SWIMMING POOL WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM ..................................................................................... 18
3 SECTION 3 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS ........................................................................ 19
3.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 19
3.2 CODES & REGULATIONS ................................................................................................................. 19
3.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION .................................................................................................................... 19
3.3.1 Automatic Fire Sprinkler System .......................................................................................... 19
3.3.2 Wet Riser, Dry Riser System, Hydrant and Hosereel System.......................................... 21
3.3.3 Automatic Fire Alarm System .............................................................................................. 23
3.3.4 Potable Fire Extinguishing System ....................................................................................... 24
4 SECTION 4 BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM............................................................. 25
4.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 25
4.2 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS ............................................................................................................ 25
4.3 SYSTEM FEATURES.......................................................................................................................... 25
4.4 FEATURES OF SAFETY SYSTEM: ................................................................................................... 26
4.5 FEATURES OF ENERGY SAVING SYSTEM: .................................................................................. 26
4.6 INTEGRATED MONITORING AND OPERATOR CONSOLE......................................................... 26
4.7 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE ............................................................................................................... 27
5 SECTION 5 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ..................................................................................... 28
5.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 28
5.2 DESIGN CRITERIA .................................................................................................................................. 29
5.3 STANDBY POWER .................................................................................................................................. 31
5.4 OVERALL BUILDING LOAD..................................................................................................................... 32
6 SECTION 6 TELEPHONE SYSTEM ....................................................................................... 33
6.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 33
7 SECTION 7 CABLE TELEVISION SYSTEM/MATV SYSTEM ......................................... 34
7.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 34

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8 SECTION 8 SECURITY SYSTEM ........................................................................................... 35
8.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 35
9 SECTION 9 LIFT SYSTEM ...................................................................................................... 37
9.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 37
10 SECTION 10 LIGHTNING PROTECTION AND EARTHING SYSTEM .......................... 40
10.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 40
11 SECTION 11 VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM ........................................................... 41
11.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................................ 41

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EVOLUTIONS

Rev Date Modified chapter Evolution description Written by

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1 SECTION 1 ACMV

1.1 GENERAL

The purpose of air-conditioning and mechanical ventilation systems is to create a comfortable and safe
environment for the occupant as well as providing effective heat removal from M&E equipment.

Maintaining good indoor air quality in terms of temperature, humidity, air movement, air filtration and
contaminant controls will be a prime concern. The ACMV installation should not create undue noise
and vibration to the premises. Generally, centralized air-conditioning will be provided for podium
floors while the offices tower and residential tower will be fitted out with DX split units by the
occupants.

Mechanical ventilation will be provided for carparks, toilets, staircases, service lobby and M&E
plantroom.

A central chiller plant located at Level 12 will provide chilled water to air conditioned level 1 to Level
5 and common areas at L13 will be served by VRV units located at the level 13.

Automatic control and monitoring of all the ACMV equipment serving the podium and common areas
will generally be carried out via Direct Digital Control (DDC) system which will be fully integrated
with BMS.

1.2 SCOPE OF WORK

The scope of the air-conditioning and mechanical ventilation (ACMV) systems proposed for the
Gilarmi development covers mainly the following :

• Air-conditioning of Level 1 to Level 5 comprising of a central chilled water plant (chilled water
distribution system, centralized air distribution system via air handling units) located at L12 and
open circuit induced draft cooling towers at Level 14.
• The lift lobbies from L1 to L12 will be air conditioned with DX/VRV refrigerant based air cooled
condensing unit and accompanying indoor fan coil units.

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• Air-conditioning of residential tower and office tower comprising of provisions of power points
for the occupant provided DX/VRV refrigerant based air cooled condensing unit and
accompanying indoor fan coil units.
• Mechanical ventilation as required

1.3 CODE AND REGULATIONS

The ACMV system design and installation will comply with the latest edition and requirements of the
relevant standards, codes and guides issued by the local authorities and internationally recognised
institutions including the followings :

• ASHRAE Handbook 2003- HVAC Applications,


• ASHRAE Handbook 2003- HVAC Systems & Equipment
• ASHRAE Handbook 2003- Fundamentals
• SS 553 Singapore Code of Practice for Air Conditioning and Mechanical Ventilation for
Buildings.

1.4 DESIGN CRITERIA

With reference to the Project Brief, the following criteria are proposed for the design of the ACMV
Services. These design conditions are used as input to the E20 Carrier Software to determine the
Cooling Load for the premise.

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1.4.1 Air-Conditioning

i. Outdoor Design Conditions


All year - 36.7oC dry bulb
- 28.3oC wet bulb

ii. Indoor Design Conditions

Design Room
Location
Temperature/Humidity

Podium Retail, Offices tower and Residential 25 ± 1°C


Tower, Common areas that are air conditioned. 50% RH ± 10%

iii. Minimum Supply Air Quantity (l/s/m²)

Based on the E20 Carrier cooling load calculations software.

iv. Minimum Outdoor Air Quantity (l/s/m²)

5.5L/s. per person

v. Cooling Load Estimation

a. External load - Glazing System

The following glazing data has been assumed for preliminary load estimation :

Glazing Type 6mm Single Glazing


• U-Value (w/m2 K) 6.2
• Shading Coefficient 0.71
• Vision area for glazing 30% for Podium
40% for Residential Tower
50% for Office
• U-Value for non-vision area 2.5 w/m2 K

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b. People Load

Location Occupancy Sensible Heat Latent Heat Gain


(m2/person) Gain (w/person) (w/person)

Residential 15 71 60
Tower

Office Tower 10 71 60

Podium Stores 5 71 60

Restaurants 1.5 67 35

Corridor 3 71 60

Gym
10 200 300

c. Lighting and Equipment

Location Lighting Equipment


(w/m²) (w/m²)

Kitchen 20 100 based (or as per


Kitchen Consultant)

Fire Command Centre 30 50

Corridors 10 -

Podium Retail 20 50

Podium Supermarket 20 230

Podium Entertainment 20 130

Office and Residential 15 15

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1.4.2 Mechanical Ventilation

Area Requirement Requirement

4 ACH and Pressurisation


Internal Staircase Supply (E)
during fire mode

Smoke Stop Lobby / 4/10 ACH (Normal and


Supply (E)
Fire Lift Lobby Fire Mode)

Toilet Exhaust 15ach

Kitchens Supply & Exhaust 10,000 cmh per kitchen for


both exhaust and 8,000 cmh
Level 1 – 4 kitchens supply

Level 2 – 4 kitchens To provide power supply


points only as fans provided
Level 3 – 10 kitchens by tenant (each kitchen has a
20 amp 3 phase isolator for
Level 4 – 10 kitchens the fan control panel)

and 2 sets of external grilles


each measuring 1.5x1m for
connection to the ducting.

Transformer Room Supply & Exhaust 1.4 l/s per KVA

Switch Gear Room (HT) Supply & Exhaust 5.1 l/s/m²


Electrical Rooms

Fire Fighting Pump Supply (E) & 12


Room Exhaust (E) (1)

Chilled Water Pump Supply & Exhaust


12
Room

Cold Water Pump Supply & Exhaust (E) 12


Room/Other Pump
Rooms

Fire Command Centre Supply (E) 6 (For fire mode only)

General MV Supply & Exhaust 4ach


Note :
(1) Ventilation fans shall be interlocked with the starting of fire pumps.
(E) Denotes ventilation fans to be provided with emergency generator power supply.

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1.5 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

1.5.1 Plant Load Sizing

See Drawing F060/ACMV/050 for the equipment schedule.

Total Heat Served by AHU


Location Description
(kW) AHU kW

Level 1 Phase 1 Retail 310 1-1 310


Level 1 Phase 2 Retail and Restaurants 515 1-2 515
Level 2 Phase 1 Retail 325 2-1 325
Level 2 Phase 2 Retail and Restaurants 430 2-2 432
Retail and Restaurants 3-1 293
Level 3 Phase 1 803
3-3 510
Retail and Restaurants 3-2 298
Level 3 Phase 2 894
3-4 605
Retail and Restaurants 4-1 293
Level 4 Phase 1 803
4-3 510
Retail and Restaurants 4-2 298
Level 4 Phase 2 894
4-4 605
Retail 5-1 384
Level 5 Phase 1 777
5-3 393
Retail 5-2 305
Level 5 Phase 2 630
5-4 325
Grand Total Building Cooling Load Phase
6400
1&2
Grand Total Building Cooling Load Phase
1820
1&2 (RT)
Grand Total Building Cooling Load Phase 1 3018
Grand Total Building Cooling Load (RT) 858
Utility Factor 1
Cooling Load selection (RT) 1820
* Select: Water Cooled Chilled 3 set capacity: 640RT each with dual compressor to better handle the morning start up
part loads.

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1.5.2 Chilled Water Distribution System

See drawing PP45/ACMV/010 for the chilled water schematic.

i. Central Chilled Water Plant


A centralised chilled water plant is located in Level 12. It comprises of 4 nos. of dual
compressor 640RT (estimated load) chillers.

Each of the chillers shall have a matching chilled water pump and condenser water
pump. The cooling tower which are open circuit induced draft cooling towers are located
at Level 14.
ii. Chilled Water Reticulation Within the Development
Chilled water is supplied to the following :

a) Air handling units serving Phase 1 and Phase 2 from Level 1 to Level 5 Podium
centralized AHU.
iii. Phase 1 – 3 x 640RT chillers, 2 x 1260RT cooling towers, 3 chilled water pumps and 2
condenser water pumps.
iv. Phase 1&2 - 4 x 640RT chillers, 3 x 1260RT cooling towers, 4 chilled water pumps and
3 condenser water pumps.

The piping sizing criteria shall be determined based on the following:-


a. Maximum velocity of 3m/s.
b. Maximum pressure drop of 400Pa/m.
Below is the chilled water and condenser water schematic for the development.

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1.5.3 Air Distribution System Types

See drawing PP45/ACMV/020 and 021 for the air schematics.

In general the common exhaust and supply air shafts will be used for exhausting air and
outdoor air make-up for the air-conditioning system.

i. Variable Air Volume System (VAV) – AHU to serve the Podium Level 1 to Level 5

Level 1 and Level 2 shall be served by 2 AHU for each floor, 1 AHU for phase 1 and
phase 2 respectively.
Level 3 to Level 5 shall be served by 4 AHU for each floor, 2 AHU for phase 1 and
phase 2 respectively.

The VAV system is selected to serve the podium as the podium is segregated to many
small tenancy units where occupancy rates can vary significantly. With a VAV system,
the energy consumption can be optimized with the varying occupancy rates.

Each AHU will take in directly outdoor air from the external perimeter louvers via a
manual volume control damper.

AHU shall be interfaced with the BMS to allow monitoring of the AHU status (on, off,
trip, VSD frequency, off coil temperature, on coil temperature and differential pressure
across the filters). BMS shall also allow control of on-off of the AHU.

Each AHU shall be fitted with a smoke detector at the return air duct that when activated
shall stop the AHU.

ii. Smoke Control Fans Interface with the AHU supply air ducting.

The podium on each level is divided into 3 smoke zones where smoke control fans are
connected to the AHU supply air ducting (SAD). Motorized smoke dampers will be
provided to allow the SAD to be converted into to smoke extract ducting.
Sprinklers shall be provided below and above the SAD as an alternative to fire rate the
SAD.

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iii. Variable Refrigerant Flow Air Conditioning Unit

Air-cooled variable refrigerant flow condensing unit shall be provided for the following
areas:-
1. Level 13 Function area.
2. Level 13 public F&B.

Below is the typical AHU and Smoke Control Fan Schematic

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1.5.4 Podium Level 1 to Level 5 Engineered Smoke Control System

The podium is protected by engineered smoke control system. The design basis is to ensure the
following tenability criteria are met at a height of 2.5m above each of the podium levels.:-
a. visibility of at least 10m
b. smoke temperature less than 200degC at a height of 2.5m above each of the podium levels.

We will be adopting the Fire Dynamic Simulator Version 5 (FDS) to model the geometrical dimension
of the podium to determine the tenability criteria are satisfied within the time required to allow
occupants to safely evacuate the premise.

The sprinkler system is used to activate the smoke control system instead of the smoke detectors, fast
response sprinklers shall be used for the podium areas. This will reduce the cost of the smoke control
system and eliminate the nuisance activation which is inherent of smoke control systems activated by
smoke detectors.

The podium for each level is divided into the following smoke zones:-
1. Level 1 - 2 smoke zones; GL A to L and GL L to X
2. Level 2 - 2 smoke zones; GL A to L and GL L to X
3. Level 3 – 4 smoke zones; GL A-L/1-3, GLA-L/4-6, GL L-X/1-3 and GL L-X/4-6.
4. Level 4 – 4 smoke zones; GL A-L/1-3, GLA-L/4-6, GL L-X/1-3 and GL L-X/4-6.
5. Level 5 – 4 smoke zones; GL A-L/1-3, GLA-L/4-6, GL L-X/1-3 and GL L-X/4-6.
6. Level 6 – 4 smoke zones; GL A-L/1-3, GLA-L/4-6, GL L-X/1-3 and GL L-X/4-6.

The smoke exhaust fans are integrated with the AHU supply air ducting to allow sharing of the ducting
to reduce the cost of the engineered smoke control system.

Each smoke zones is bounded by


1. Smoke barriers (1/2 hour rated partitions above the 3m ceiling line).
2. Smoke curtains may be necessary to address smoke buoyancy issues.

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2 SECTION 2 PLUMBING AND SANITARY

2.1 GENERAL

The sanitary and plumbing services proposed for the building include the following:

Podium
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the public toilets.
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the AHU condensate.
• Sanitary and plumbing system inclusive of the grease separator system ffor the kitchens at the
Level 1 to Level 4 of the Podium.
• Sanitary and plumbing system inclusive of the grease separator system F&B at the Level 13.
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the chiller plant room, water pump rooms at level 1, water pump
rooms at level 12, cooling tower area.
• Swimming pool system at Level 13.

Residential Tower
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the typical residential units.

Office Tower
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the typical SOHO units.
• Sanitary and plumbing system for the public toilets.

2.2 Design Criteria

The following criteria are proposed for the design of the plumbing services:

a. Water Consumption Residential occupant =150 LPD/per occupant


Office occupant = 35LPD/per occupant
Parking Slot = 20 LPD/Slot
Podium = 0.7L/m2
Restaurants/supermarket = 6.5L/m2.
Cooling tower make up water = 6.9L/RT.hour)
Swimming pool evaporation 8.3L/m2.day
(based on evaporation data provided by
http://www.savewater.com.au/library/Daisy_Pool_Covers/Fac
tSheet_1_Evaporation.pdf)

b. Population Density :Residential units – 15m2 per person


Office units – 10m2 per person.

c. Car washing : Taps will be provided at the Designated wash area

d. Sub-water meter : For all residential and SOHO units

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2.3 Codes and Regulations

The plumbing and sanitary drainage system will be designed to comply with the following codes and
regulations:

• Fixture unit method (Singapore Standard CP48)

• Plumbing Engineering Services Design Guide from Institute of Plumbing

• Facility Systems Handbook by Michael Frankl

• Others-Ashrae

2.4 Sanitary System

The building drainage systems will be as follows:

a. Fully ventilation system of individual soil and waste with vent pipe will be adopted for the
office and residential tower. The individual sanitary stacks serving the toilets for both towers
will join at the high level of L11 which is the transfer floor, thereafter these sanitary pipes are
routed via the podium into the in-house underground sanitary system at Level 1. The in house
sanitary system will discharge into a septic tank before discharging into the public sewer.

b. Soil and waste drainage for above ground floor will be gravity discharged directly to public
sewer.

c. Grease separator system will be provided at level 1

d. For each residential toilet , the following connections will be provided:

• water closets;
• washing basins;
• shower;
• sink
• Floor drains at utility for washing machine.

e. Floor drains will be provided in every kitchen and F&B area.

f. The septic tank shall be included at level 1

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2.5 Plumbing System

The water supply to the premise is via an internal pumping system with 1 day water storage
provision. The following are the calculations that forms the basis for the daily water
consumption and water storage configuration.

Tabulation of Water Consumption for development

No Description Unit Type Unit Quantity L/Day.Unit Total


M3/day
1 Residential occupants Occupants 2629 150 394
2 Office occupants Occupants 3146 35 110
3 Parking Slots No Parking slots 840 20 11
4 Podium L1 to L5 M2 15,340 0.7 11
5 Restaurants M2 4520 6.5 30
6 Swimming pool M2 316 8.3L/m2.day 3
7 Cooling tower make up RT 1840 165 126
water (for 10 hours only)
8 Toilet washing No of toilets 94 120 11

Tabulation of Water Storage Tanks for development

No Description Capacity Remarks


M3
1 Level 1 water storage tank 210 144M3 for
Residential tower
66M3 for Podium
2 Level 12 water storage 100 80M3 for Residential
tank tower
20M3 for Office
tower
3 Level 12 cooling tower 130
water storage tank
4 Residential tower roof 170
water storage tank
5 Office tower roof water 120
storage tank

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Above shows the overall water storage tank schematic for the development.

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The following pumping configuration is adopted:-
1. There will be a level 1 underground water storage tank located below the ramp. A set of
water pumps will be pump directly to the podium from this location serving level 1 to
level 12
2. At level 12 a transfer tank will be provided to pump water to the two tower roof tanks.
3. At the roof towers, a water storage tank will be provided. The pumping system at the roof
for each tower will be as follow:-
a. The top floors (about 7 to 8 floors will be served by pump feed.
b. The floors below these top floors will be served by gravity feed with pressure reducing
valves to reduce the pressure fed to the outlets.

Water shall be provided to the following areas:


a. Baths
b. Basins
c. Water Closet
d. Kitchen Sink
e. Yard
f. Tap-point for washing machine
g. Kitchen and supermarket
h. Tap points for carpark and plantroom washing
i. Tap points for landscape irrigation

Water meters shall be provide for the following:-


a. Restaurants at the podium levels (level 1 to level 13)
b. Individual residential units.
c. Individual office soho units.
d. F&B at the office tower penthouse level 2.

All pump motors are fitted with VSD.

2.6 Swimming Pool Water Filtration System

Water shall be supplied to the swimming pool through a balancing tank. The swimming pool
shall be designed for a 6-hour. Filtration shall be performed by diatomaceous earth filters and
circulation pumps. An automatic chlorinating and dosing system shall be provided to disinfect
the filtered water before it is circulated back to the pool.

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3 SECTION 3 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

3.1 GENERAL

• The proposed systems for the protection of the entire development will include the following
installations which will be designed to protect the specific occupancies of the premises:


• Automatic sprinkler system
• Automatic fire alarm system
• Portable fire extinguisher system

3.2 CODES & REGULATIONS

• The Fire Protection and Detection Systems will be designed to comply in all respects with the
requirements of :

• CP52 for Automatic sprinkler system


• Any other local authorities having jurisdiction over the installation

3.3 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

3.3.1 Automatic Fire Sprinkler System


Automatic sprinkler system is proposed to protect the entire podium level 1 to level 12 and for
the Office Towers.

(with the exception of electrical rooms such as switchrooms, electrical substation, MDF Room,
which are protected by detectors) in accordance with the CP 52 for automatic sprinkler
installation. The sprinkler tank and pump room for the podium is located at Level 1 below the
ramp.

The sprinkler tank and pump for the office tower will be shared with the wet riser system. The
wet riser tank capacity will be increased to 150m3 to account for the sprinkler water
consumption.

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The podium sprinkler system will be divided into the following control valve zones:-

No CV Level Phase Location Hazard group


Description Discharge density (mm/min)

Area of operation (m2)

1 1-1 1 Phase 1 Diesel EH-1


tank 7.5mm/min
room
Room size

2 1-2 1 Phase 1&2 Retail OH3

5mm/min

3 1-3 1 Phase 1&2 Shop house 216m2

4 2-1 2 Phase 1&2 Retail

5 2-2 2 Phase 1&2 Shop house

6 3-1 3 Phase 1 Retail

7 3-2 3 Phase 2

8 4-1 4 Phase 1

9 4-2 4 Phase 2

10 5-1 5 Phase 1

11 5-2 5 Phase 2

12 6-1 6 Phase 1 Car park OH2

13 6-2 6 Phase 2 5mm/min

14 7-1 7 Phase 1 144m2

15 7-2 7 Phase 2

16 8-1 8 Phase 1

17 8-2 8 Phase 2

18 9-1 9 Phase 1

19 9-2 9 Phase 2

20 10-1 10 Phase 1

21 10-2 10 Phase 2

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No CV Level Phase Location Hazard group


Description Discharge density (mm/min)

Area of operation (m2)

20 11-1 11 Phase 1 Retail/ OH2

21 11-2 11 Phase 2 Common 5mm/min


areas 144m2
20 12-1 12 Phase 1&2 M&E
Plant

21 13-1 13 Phase 1&2 Common


Area

22

Control valve serving level 1 located at level 1. While the rest of the control valves serving the
podium are located at the respective floors.

As part of the smoke management system and to prevent false alarms, the sprinkler heads located
within level 1 to level 5 will be fast response type with RTI=50.

Office tower sprinkler system is sharing the water tank with the wet riser system, 1 control valves
will serve 4 floors, the control valves will be located on the office floor.

3.3.2 Wet Riser, Dry Riser System, Hydrant and Hosereel System

The office and residential towers will be provided with a wet riser system where the wet riser
tanks are located on the roof of the respective towers. The office tower wet riser tank/pump will be
shared with the sprinkler system.

The wet riser tank shall be sized for a 45min duration of operations to provide 40L/s for each
tower as per CP SS575 2012 Code of Practice of fire hydrant, rising mains and hose reel systems.

Dry risers will be provided for level 1 to level 13, the riser shall be located inside the staircases.

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The hydrant system is served by a set of hydrant pumps (2 duty and 1 stand-by) with flow rate of
8,000 LPM taking water from a common water tank at L1.

The hosereel system is provided based on the following arrangement:-

1. Podium level 1 to level 13, the hose reel system is taken from the sprinkler system.

2. Residential tower hose reel system shall be taken from the wet riser system.

3. Office tower hose reel system shall be taken from the wet riser system.

All pump motors are fitted with soft starters.

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3.3.3 Automatic Fire Alarm System

The fire detection and alarm system consisting of fire detectors, manual call points (break glass
unit), alarm bells and in association with sprinkler water flow switches will be provided to enable
early warning of fire development and the activation of fixed fire services installations and
emergency ventilation system and the transmission of the fire signals directly to the authorised fire
alarm monitoring agent.

Sub-indicator board (SIB) located at smoke stop lobby with the mimic panel will be provided at
the following floors:-
1. Residential tower transfer floor at L11.
2. Office tower transfer floor at L11.

The Residential tower will be provided heat smoke detectors with the public announcement (PA)
system along the common corridor outside the residential units. These smoke detectors allow for
early fire detection and the PA to will provide instructions to the residents in a fire evacuation
scenario.

All fire signals of each floor such as fire detectors, break glass units, and sprinkler flow switch
will be transmitted to the SIB first, then to the Sub Fire Indicator Board (SFIB) or Main Fire
Indicator Board (MFIB) at the Fire Command Centre(FCC). The Fire Command Centre will be
equipped with a monitor display showing the detailed fire location in mimic form.

The MFIB will have dual microprocessors for hot redundancy. Class ‘A’ wiring system in
separate conduit system will be provided for all communication and detection loops.

Essential control as listed below will be monitored or controlled :

• Actuation of fire pump


• Actuation of pressurization of staircase system
• Actuation of smoke control system
• Actuation of smoke/protected lobby ventilation fan
• Homing of lifts
• Raise out the appropriate alarm sounding (high or low level) to the affected floors

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• Transmit a fire signal to the authorized fire alarm monitoring agent

Fire alarm signals will be processed and hard copy record of fire location and actuate time will
be recorded on the printer. The printer will also be located in Fire Command Centre.

3.3.4 Potable Fire Extinguishing System

Dry powder type will be provided for all floorst, all M&E rooms, common areas outside the
tower blocks.

CO2 (carbon dioxide) will be provided for all electrical rooms, generator room, transfer room
and all parking floors.

Maximum portable fire extinguishers travel distance = 15 to 20 m.

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4 SECTION 4 BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

4.1 GENERAL

The system will provide the facilities, safety and environmental control to meet the expectations and
functional requirements. The system will be provided for:

• Air Conditioning and mechanical ventilation services;


• Electrical service
• Hydraulic service
• Vertical Transportation service

4.2 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

The system will be place strong emphasis on the following design consideration:

- Reliability
- Cost effectiveness and energy efficiently
- Ease of operation and maintenance
- Maintaining good environmental control
- Flexibility and expandability
- Plant disposition

4.3 SYSTEM FEATURES

The system consist of the follow features :

• Automatic control of temperature.


• Distributed processing unit and field processing unit
• Centralised monitoring & control
• Energy consumption monitoring
• Lift monitoring

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• Mimic panel
• Status indicator board

4.4 FEATURES OF SAFETY SYSTEM:

• Water tank level sensing


• Pressurisation system for smoke stop lobby/staircase & smoke purging system for car parks

4.5 FEATURES OF ENERGY SAVING SYSTEM:

• Optimal control of air-conditioning


• Schedule operation and control
• Energy demand limiting
• Power failure response

4.6 INTEGRATED MONITORING AND OPERATOR CONSOLE

An integrated monitoring and operator console will be provided in the Fire Command Centre to house
and incorporate the following hardware, equipment, mimic and indicator boards for mechanical,
electrical, electronic and communication service:
• Air Conditioning and mechanical ventilation services;
• Building Automation services;
• Fire protection services;
• Vertical Transportation services;
• Electrical services;
• Electronic and communication services;
• Hydraulic services;
• Any other hardware and equipment for mechanical, electrical, electronic and communication
service;

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4.7 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

The building automation system will be of open protocol system consisting of a network which
utilizes open protocol such as Lonwork as the communication protocol. LonTalk control network
utilizes three general LonMark control products for providing the basic sequence of operation and
functionality. The three general control products are as follows.

Field Processing Units


Distributed Processing Units
Workstation

• The proposed DDC controllers shall reside on the Echelon LONWorks/LONTalk communication
bus. The in-built Neuron chip shall incorporate the data conversion to LON protocol to be
transmitted via the Echelon Transceiver chip.

LON router modules shall be provided in the riser of each floor for the conversion of every 78.6
kbps LON communication bus of each floor into the 1.25Mbps LON bus backbone.

The 1.25Mbps LON bus backbone shall be then connected into the individual BAS Workstation via
LON interface card. This backbone shall allow for faster update of information/data from the field
onto the Workstation.

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5 SECTION 5 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

5.1 GENERAL

The electrical installation system shall be designed to comply with SS CP 5, SS CP 16, SS CP 17, SS
CP 19, SS CP 31, SS CP 38 and SS CP 39.

The electricity supply to the building shall be taken via the 22kV EDC substation to the consumer HT
switch room located at the 1st storey. The power will distribute to 3 separate Transformer rooms and
LV Switchroom which serve Residential Tower, Office Tower and Podium Tower individually. The
transformer rooms and LV switchrooms will be located at L1 to serve Podium Tower and L11 to
serve Residential Tower and Office Tower.

Due to the unstable power source in PhnomPhen, the power supply will be 100% backed up by genset
for whole development

The Podium LV switchroom will received 2 incoming feeder from 2 nos 2.7MVA oil type
transformer. Then the LV outgoing will serve the area from L1 to L11 through 4 nos electrical risers.

The Residential Tower LV switchroom will received 2 incoming feeder from 2 nos 2.5.0MVA oil
type transformer. Then the LV outgoing will serve the Residential Tower through the electrical riser
(1 no). All the meters will be located in the riser for metering purpose.

The Office Tower LV switchroom will received 2 incoming feeder from 2 nos 2.5MVA oil type
transformer. Then the LV outgoing will serve the OfficeTower through the electrical riser (1 no). All
the meters will be located in the tenant area.

Electric meters shall be provided for individual residential, office and retail units.
Each retail units shall terminate with a isolator after the electric meter.

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Below is the overall schematic diagram for the overall electrical system.

5.2 Design Criteria

Below is the design Criteria for the Podium, Office and Residential Tower:
i) Podium Tower
Distribution Voltage 400V/3ph/50Hz
220V/1ph/50Hz
Metering Arrangement Private Meter
Tenancy lighting load for Retail 30 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy Power for Retail 10 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy lighting load for F&B 15 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy Power for F&B 200 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy Power for Supermarket 200 watts/m2 floor area
Tenancy Power for Entertainment floor 150 watts/m2 floor area
Tenancy lighting load for Shop House 30 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy Power for Shop House inclusive of 70 watts/m² floor area
air conditioning
Circulation and Common Area Lighting 5 watts/m² floor area
Circulation and Common Area Power 3 watts/m² floor area
Carpark Lighting 5 watts/m² floor area
Carpark Power 3 watts/m² floor area

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ii) Office Tower

Distribution Voltage 400V/3ph/50Hz


220V/1ph/50Hz
Metering Arrangement Private Meter
lighting load for Office 15 watts/m² floor area
Power for Office 25 watts/m² floor area
Circulation and Common Area Lighting 6 watts/m² floor area
Circulation and Common Area Power 3 watts/m² floor area
AC load for office 60 watts/m² floor area
Tenancy Power for Shop House 10 watts/m² floor area

iii) Residential Tower

Distribution Voltage 400V/3ph/50Hz


220V/1ph/50Hz
Metering Arrangement Private Meter
1 bedroom 1 phase 40A
2 bedrooms 1 phase 60A
3 bedrooms 3 phase 30A
4 bedrooms 3 phase 60A
5 bedrooms 3 phase 60A

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Lighting

Building lighting shall be maintained at luminance level as stated in SS 531:Part 1 where


appropriate.

Generally, the following luminance levels shall be maintained:

Type of Occupancy Luminance Level (Average)

Offices 500 lux


Basement Car Parks 75 lux
General Circulation Areas/Corridor 100 lux
Toilets/M&E Plant Rooms 200 lux
Staircases/Loading/Unloading Bays 150 lux

5.3 Standby Power

The standby power supply to the building system shall be taken from the generator set located
in room to address the noise generated during the generator operations.
The generators are located at the following locations:-
1. Podium generators, 2 nos of 2.7MVA generators – at level 14AF.
2. Residential tower generators, 2 nos of 2.5MVA generators at level 14AF – at level 14AF.
3. Office tower generators, 2 nos of 2.5MVA generators at level 14AF- at the office tower roof
level.

A 30,000L fuel storage tank will be provided underground to support all the 6 nos genset for 12
hours. The storage tank inlet will be located at L1 for refill purpose.

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5.4 Overall Building Load

Below is the summary of the electrical load.

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6 SECTION 6 TELEPHONE SYSTEM

6.1 GENERAL

Telephone distribution system shall be designed in accordance to IDA COPIF:2013 Code of


Practice for Info-Communications Facilities In Buildings.

Telephone distribution system comprises 1 no MDF room at L1 with lead-in pipes and MCT,
cable trays from MDF room to each riser shall be provided.

The telephone system will share the same Telecom Riser with Cable TV system.

Telephone cable and block terminal will be provided in each retail/F&B and office unit. The
tenant has to install the telephone point themselves.

Telephone block terminal and outlet will be provided for residential and office towers.

Below is the overall schematic diagram for the telephone system.

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7 SECTION 7 CABLE TELEVISION SYSTEM/MATV SYSTEM

7.1 GENERAL

Cable Television System shall be designed in accordance to the requirements and specification
set out by local authority with antenna located on roof.

1 no of MDF Room will be provided at L1 for this development to receive the signal from
service provided.

Telecom Riser will be provided as below:


i) Residential Tower – 1 no
ii) Office Tower – 2 nos
iii) Podium Tower – 2 nos

Tap off unit will be provided inside the Telecom risers. Tenant for Podium Tower and Office
Tower has to run the cable from the risers to their unit if they wish to receive the TV signal in
their unit.

However splitter and TV outlets will be provided in the apartment unit.

Below is the overall schematic diagram for the cable TV system.

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8 SECTION 8 SECURITY SYSTEM

8.1 GENERAL

a) CCTV System

Basic CCTV System will be provided for this development.

CCTV cameras will be installed at the lift lobbies from L1 to L11 and podium entrances. The
CCTV equipment will be located at FCC Room

b) Card Access Control System

Card access control system shall be provided within all lift cars and lift lobbies to restrict
authorized entry into the building or and area only to those who are qualified to enter.

The Card Access Control System shall utilize the proximity technology. The necessary lift card
access controller and all other necessary ancillary equipment as required for a complete
functioning system shall be provided.

Carpark Barrier System

1 set of carpark barrier will be provided at the ingress and egress of the carpark. The barrier
system consists of intercom unit between FCC and barrier gate, barrier arm and charging
machine. The major equipment will be located at FCC.

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Below is the overall schematic diagram for the security system.

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9 SECTION 9 LIFT SYSTEM

9.1 GENERAL

The lift installation shall be designed to cater for handicap requirements and comply to local authorities
requirement. The design criteria shall be as follows for the lift selection is based on the following:-

1. Dispatch interval <45s for office and <90s for residential.


2. 5min handling capacity (%) 11-15% for office and 5-7% for residential.

(a) Residential Block

The residential block shall be provided with five (5) lifts. Maximum population at peak condition
for lift design 1600 persons. Lift loading rate is 80%.

The passenger lifts will be home to the 1st storey upon activation of fire alarm and/or power
failure.

All the lifts shall be designed to serve all floors except for retail floors at level 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Capacity and speed of the lifts shall be in accordance to the following:-

Lift Car Capacity :33 persons (2150kg)


Lift Hoist way size :2800mm(W)x 3000mm(D)
Door Dimension :1000mm(W) x 2200mm(H)
Lift Speed :4.0m/s
5 min handling capacity (%) : 5%
Dispatch Interval :< 90 s
Overrun : 8.0m
Lift Pit : 4.5m

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(b) Office Block

The office block shall be provided with eight (8) lifts. 7 lifts with 33 person capacity as per below
and 1 lift with 24 person capacity. Maximum population at peak condition for lift design 1600
persons. Lift loading rate is 90%.

The passenger lifts will home to the 1st storey upon activation of fire alarm and/or power failure.

All the lifts shall be designed to serve all floors except for retail floors at level 2, 3, 4, 5 and 12.

Capacity and speed of the lifts shall be in accordance to the following:-

Lift Car Capacity :33 persons (2150kg)


Lift Hoist way size :2800mm(W)x 3000mm(D)
Door Dimension :1100mm(W) x 2200mm(H)
Lift Speed :4.0m/s
5 min handling capacity (%) : 5%
Dispatch Interval :< 45 s
Overrun : 8.0m
Lift Pit : 4.5m

Lift Car Capacity :24 persons (1600kg)


Lift Hoist way size :2400mm(W)x 3000mm(D)
Door Dimension :1100mm(W) x 2200mm(H)
Lift Speed :4.0m/s
5 min handling capacity (%) : 5%
Dispatch Interval :< 45 s
Overrun : 8.0m
Lift Pit : 4.5m

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(c) Retail Block

The retail block shall be provided with nine (9) lifts (4 passenger lifts and 5 goods lifts).

The fire and passenger lifts will home to the 1st storey upon activation of fire alarm and/or power
failure.

All the lifts shall be designed to serve all retail floors and car parks floors.

Capacity and speed of the lifts shall be in accordance to the following:-

Passenger Lifts

Lift Car Capacity :13 persons (885kg)


Lift Hoist way size :see architectural drawing
Door Dimension : 900mm(W) x 2200mm(H)
Lift Speed :1.75m/s
Overrun : 4.5m
Lift Pit : 2.0m

Goods Lifts
Lift Car Capacity :17 persons (1160kg)
Lift Hoist way size :see architectural drawing
Door Dimension :1400mm(W) x 2200mm(H)
Lift Speed :1.0m/s
Overrun : 4.2m
Lift Pit : 2.0m

The lifts shall be specified with AC variable voltage variable frequency drive.

Light and fan inside lift cars will be switched off to sleep-mode when the lifts have no hall calls.

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10 SECTION 10 LIGHTNING PROTECTION AND EARTHING SYSTEM

10.1 GENERAL

The lightning protection shall comply with SS CP 555. The earthing system shall comply with
local Code of Practice and SS CP 16

Copper tape grid will be install at the roof level and down conductor will be installed in the
column and connected to L1 earth pit/ pile cap for discharge the lightning current. Test link will
be provided for each down conductor at the level of 1.5m from FFL.

Electrical earth and Telecommunication earth will be provided as well. All the earth pit will be
link to achieve equal potential.

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11 SECTION 11 VOICE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

11.1 GENERAL

A Public Address System is to be provided and shall be zoned for flexible control of car
parking, retail, residential tower common area and the office tower. The PA system equipment
shall be located in the FCC room. The system should have the following features:

I. Provide announcement to selected zones. Announcement to have priority function.


II. Electronic chime to alert listeners.
III. Standby power supply in the form of battery/charger.
IV. Receive signal from Fire Alarm System.

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