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2.3.3 System Block Diagram

The System overall block diagram is shown in Figure 2-2. The control
signal paths are marked by arrows showing also the direction of information
flow.

The Driller's Control command signal is the input to the firing board on TB1-4
withrespect to TB1-1 (Common). This will be a negative DC voltage. The signal
is thenscaled to be +.0 Vdc to -7.5 Vdc representing a 0 to 80 Amps DC current
commandwith a 10% deadband at the start. With Switch S1 in the "REVERSE"
position, thevoltage changes from Driller's Control "OFF" to "FULL ON", even
though the Driller’s Control commanded voltage will be declining from its
maximum to its minimum. The current command is then processed through
the command reductioncircuitry, where the signal is reduced to 50% of its input
value, if the Drill Floor Power Selector is in the "DRILL” position. This "CURRENT
COMMAND" is theinput to the current regulating loop.

The current feedback is sensed from the AC current transformers. The AC


currentsignals are then rectified and summed to create an analog signal that
represents theDC current flowing to the Brake. This signal is scaled 1 volt for 10
Amps of DCcurrent and is the feedback for the current regulating loop.

The output of the loop is called the “CONTROL VOLTAGE” and ranges from
about –4 Vdc to about +7 Vdc. This produces an output from the SCR Bridge
that rangesfrom –240 Vdc to +310 Volts. This range allows the current
excitation to the braketo be changed as rapidly as possible to follow the current
command from theDriller’s Control
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2.3.1SCRPowerConverterModel2025A(Drawing55850-2)(Cont’d)

Insummary,undernormalconditions,theControlSystemwouldrespondasfollows:1.Driler'sControlhandle

"FULLON"

2.InputtotheFiringCircuitPCBoardTerminalFTB-1-1toFTB-1-4shouldbeapproximately0.5Vdcat

"FULLON".

3.GatepulsesforpowerSCR’sexpandedfullyintofiringzonegivingmaximumoutput.Thecircuitapproacheslinearity,andlinearoutputreadings
canbeexpected.(i.e.Driler'sControl50%

"ON"

andgatepulsesexpandedhalfwayintothefiringzonegiving50%output.)

2.3.2AuxiliaryPrintedCircuitBoard

TheAuxiliaryPrintedCircuitBoardattachedtothedoorofthecabinet,providestwofunctions.Itprovidescircuitstomonitorandalarmundercertain
conditionsandL.E.D.'sarrangedinamimicpaneltoshowthestatusofvariouspartsoftheBrakeController.(ReferenceFigure2-1).Themonitored
conditionsareasfollows:

The indicating L.E.D.'s will be Green in the Normal or Non-Alarm Condition and will be Red in the Alarm Condition except
as noted.

1.

“PHASE ROTATION”

The 240V, 3 Phase AC has the proper phase rotation (ABC).2.

“DRILL/TRIP” Power Select Switch

The Drill Floor Power Selector Switch is in a reduced range position.(L.E.D. is Yellow when in the

“DRILL”

position.)

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2.3.2 Auxiliary Printed Circuit Board (Cont’d)

3.

“DRILL ASSIST”
L.E.D. indicates the SCR Bridge has

“TIMED OUT”

and gone into the DrillAssist mode of operation. (L.E.D. is Yellow when activated.)4.

“STANDBY CP” Normal

The 120V Single Phase AC Power provides backup power to the monitor circuits but cannot provide DC power to the
Brake.5.

“MAIN CP” Normal

The 240V, 3 Phase AC power is available. This power must be present inorder for the SCR Bridge to provide DC power to
the Brake.6.

“POWER QUALITY”

The Input AC Power is satisfactory.7.

“THROTTLE SIGNAL MISMATCH”

The commanded current is below the acceptable window of acceptability.This will turn the SCR to full “ON” and provide
contact closure to activateany backup brake supply.8.

“OVERCURRENT”

L.E.D. indicates current to the Brake is under or over the set limit.9.

“OVER KILOWATT”

L.E.D. indicates the Kilowatt output to the Brake is under or over the setlimit.10.

“SCR FAILURE”

The six (6) SCR’s in the Bridge are each monitored for proper gatingcontrol.

2.3.2 Auxiliary Printed Circuit Board (Cont’d)

11.

“DC CABLE GROUNDED”

L.E.D. indicates a ground condition on the (+) DC Power conductor.L.E.D. indicates a ground condition on the (-) DC
Power Conductor.12.

“AC PHASE GROUND”

One of the 3 phases of the AC input power is grounded.13.

“OPEN COIL FUSE”

L.E.D. indicates one or more of the fuses in F-1, F-2, F-3 and F-4 hasblown or is open.14.
“BATTERY BACKUP” (Optional)

Battery Backup is in use.15.

“BAR GRAPH DISPLAY”

Display of relative magnitude of commanded braking current.16.

“BAR GRAPH DISPLAY”

Display of relative magnitude of commanded braking current.


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Figure2-1SystemStatusandMimicDisplayPanel
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2.3.3SystemBlockDiagram
TheSystemoverallblockdiagramisshowninFigure2-2.Thecontrolsignalpathsaremarkedbyarrows
showingalsothedirectionofinformationflow.TheDriller'sControlcommandsignalistheinputtothefiring
boardonTB1-4withrespecttoTB1-1(Common).ThiswillbeanegativeDCvoltage.Thesignalisthenscaled
tobe+.0Vdcto-7.5Vdcrepresentinga0to80AmpsDCcurrentcommandwitha10%deadbandatthe
start.WithSwitchS1inthe
"REVERSE"
position,thevoltagechangesfromDriller'sControl
"OFF"
to
"FULLON"
,eventhoughtheDriller’sControlcommandedvoltagewillbedecliningfromitsmaximumtoitsminimum.
Thecurrentcommandisthenprocessedthroughthecommandreductioncircuitry,wherethesignalis
reducedto50%ofitsinputvalue,iftheDrillFloorPowerSelectorisinthe
"DRILL”
position.This
"CURRENTCOMMAND"
istheinputtothecurrentregulatingloop.ThecurrentfeedbackissensedfromtheAC
currenttransformers.TheACcurrentsignalsarethenrectifiedandsummedtocreateananalogsignalthat
representstheDCcurrentflowingtotheBrake.Thissignalisscaled1voltfor10AmpsofDCcurrentandis
thefeedbackforthecurrentregulatingloop.Theoutputoftheloopiscalledthe
“CONTROLVOLTAGE”
andrangesfromabout–4Vdctoabout+7Vdc.ThisproducesanoutputfromtheSCRBridgethat
rangesfrom–240Vdcto+310Volts.Thisrangeallowsthecurrentexcitationtothebraketobechangedas
rapidlyaspossibletofollowthecurrentcommandfromtheDriller’sControl.