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Alvarado-Viñas and Manzanilla 2018. Cultural Modification of the Head. The case of
Teopancazco. SOCIAL SKINS OF THE MEAD Body Beliefs and Ritual ¡n Ancient
Mesoamerica and the Ande...

Chapter · November 2018

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Linda Rosa Manzanilla Luis adrian Alvarado


Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
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Body Beliefs and Ritual
S O C I A L SKINS
¡n Ancient Mesoamerica
OF THE MEAD and the Andes

Edited by Vera Tiesler and María Cecilia Lozada


Cultural Modification of the Head
The Case of Teopancazco in Teotihuacan

LUIS A D R I Á N ALVARADO-VIÑAS AND LINDA R. M A N Z A N I L L A

INTRODUCTION Different activity áreas and functional sectors were


defined in the neighborhood center of Teopancazco
One of the emblematic cases of urban planned settle- (Manzanilla 2009, 2oi2b, 2oi2d). Distribution maps of the
ments of Mesoamerica is Teotihuacan, in Classic central different archaeological materials and ecofacts, and their
México. During the first six centuries CE, this twenty- analyses, have identífied a large varíety and quantity of
square-kilometer site housed a multiethnic population Ítems from the Gulf Coast of México (Rodríguez-Galicia
with a corporate organization (Manzanilla 2015). The 2010), particularly remains of marine fauna and other
inhabitants of the metrópolis were involved in craft pro- species that provided feathers, skin, and plaques for the
duction, construction projects, ritual practices, military manufacture of garments and headdresses. According to
endeavors, and the large-scale movement of sumptuary the remains, the instruments found used by the garment
goods, rawmaterials, and specialized artisans from allied raakers (standardized bone needles for embroidery, sew-
sites aligned along several corridors (Manzanilla 2ona, ing, and joining fabrics, and awls and punchers to make
20110, 2015). boles; Manzanilla et al. 2011), and the activity markers in
In the roughly twenty-two neighborhood centers in the the bodies of many of the individuáis buried at the site, it
city (Froese et al. 2014; Manzanilla 2oi2d), a very compet- is certain that the shells, bones, and plaques of the coastal
itive intermedíate élite managed the neighborhoods and animáis were ased in the production of garments and
established alliances with people from different regions headdresses for priests and soldiers (Rodríguez-Galicia
of Mesoamerica to ensure the provisioning of the most 2010), but the animáis were also consumed in feast-
lavish and rare sumptuary goods for élite consumption ing (Manzanilla 2006, 20i2b; Mejía-Appel 2011). Such
(Manzanilla 2oi2d, 2015). During thirteen field seasons evidence points to the existence of a skilled craft group
of extensive excavations (1997-2005), Linda Manzanilla whose occupaíional activity in daily Ufe was making fine
and her team excavated one of these neighborhood cen- garments. Other crafts rnanufactured at Teopancazco
ters: Teopancazco (Manzanilla 2006, 2009, 20i2a, 2oi2b), include baskets, nets, lacquered and painted pottery, and
Teopancazco is a multiethnic neighborhood center lapidary pieces, but most important were garments and
located in the southeastern sector of Teotihuacan (Man- headdresses.
zanilla 2oi2a, 2015) and has been studied in the framework At Teopancazco, among other remains and archaeo-
of the interdisciplinary project Teotihuacan: Élite and logical materials, the bones of 129 human individuáis in
Government, directed by Manzanilla. formal burials were found. The purpose of this chapter is
Plate 9. Jade inlays and supernumerary
incisors of a young adult male from Pie-
dras Negras Burial 45 (photo by Andrew
Scherer).

Plate 10. Distribution of


decapitated individuals, with
the highest concentration in
rooms C162F and C161 (map
by Linda R. Manzanilla and
Luis Adrián Alvarado-­Viñas,
Proyecto Arqueológico Teopan-
cazco).

tiesler_skins_color insert2.indd 1005 5/17/18 10:00 AM


Plate 11. On-­site construction distribution during excavation (photo by Linda R. Manzanilla, Proyecto Arqueológico
Teopancazco).

Plate 12. Details of different female faces with face paint. Images © Justin Kerr, Kerr Database: (a) K2707, (b) K767,
(c) K9300, (d) K5847, (e) K554, and (f) K5451.

tiesler_skins_color insert2.indd 1006 5/17/18 10:00 AM


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