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EXPERIMENT No: 3

TITLE:
“To locate the features on the ground, measure lengths and areas of the objects using
ArcGIS”
INTRODUCTION:
ArcGIS is a geographic information system (GIS) for working with maps and geographic information. It is
used for creating and using maps, compiling geographic data, analyzing mapped information, sharing and
discovering geographic information, using maps and geographic information in a range of applications,
and managing geographic information in a database.

OBJECTIVE:
To locate the features on the ground, measure lengths and areas of the objects using ArcGIS.

PROCEDURE:
1. TO LOCATE THE FEATURES ON THE GROUND

 To add an elevation source to the ground surface.


 Use the Add Data menu from the Map tab, select Elevation Source and browse to the desired
elevation data.
 This adds the elevation source to the ground and makes it visible in the Contents pane.
 You can optionally use the context menu for the Elevation Surfaces group in the Contents pane to
add a new custom surface and configure its source.
 Any appearance or behavior settings for elevation surfaces, such as navigation underground, are on
the Appearance tab for the selected surface layer.

2. HOW TO MEASURE LENGTHS USING ArcGIS

1. Click the Measure tool on the Tools toolbar.


2. Click the Measure A Line button or the Measure An Area button .
3. Click the map at the location where you want to start measuring.
4. Move the pointer to the next point that you want to measure and click. If you would like to
measure along the curve of a line, click along the line to add vertices.
5. Double-click when you want to end the line or polygon.
6. The results are displayed in the Measure window.
ATTRIBUTE TABLE

3. HOW TO MEASURE AREAS USING ArcGIS

 Measure Line—Double-click to complete the line.


 Measure An Area—Double-click to complete the polygon. (This is unavailable if your data
frame is not using a projected coordinate system.)
 Measure A Feature—Click a feature to measure its length (line), perimeter and area (polygon
or annotation), or x,y location (point features). Polygon feature measurement is unavailable if
your data frame is not using a projected coordinate system.
 Show Total—Keep a sum of consecutive measurements.
 Choose Units—Set the distance and area measurement units. The measurement units are
set to the map units by default.
 Clear and Reset Results—Clear and reset the measurement results.
 Choose Measurement Type—Set the measurement type for measuring line distances. Planar
is the default when working in a projected coordinate system. Geodesic is the default when
working in a geographic coordinate system.

RESULTS:
We locate the features on ground by using ArcGIS and measure the length and area also.

COMMENTS:
The system provides an infrastructure for making maps and geographic information available
throughout an organization, across a community, and openly on the Web.