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SERVICE MANUAL

ELECTROSURGICAL UNIT
ARC 200 / ARC 250 / ARC 300e

900-301_SM_V1.08_10715-S2-20111024-EN ARC 200 / 250 / 300e Service Manual 3


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900-301_SM_V1.08_10715-S2-20111024-EN ARC 200 / 250 / 300e Service Manual 5
Key

Key

Front ARC200 / ARC250 / ARC300e


1 “Monopolar Cut” indicator arrow (yellow)
2 “Monopolar Cut” 7-segment display
3/4 Power limitation for monopolar cutting
5/6 Key for the degree of sloughing during monopolar cutting
7 “Monopolar Cut” blending factor indicator Blend setup 0-9
8 “Monopolar Coag” indicator arrow (blue)
9 “Monopolar Coag” 7-segment display
10/11 Power limitation for monopolar coagulation
12 Key/indicator for “Moderate Coagulation” current mode
13 Key/indicator for “Forced Coagulation” current mode
14 Key/indicator for “Spray Coagulation” current mode
15 Main display: programs and information
Live data, 2-line display
16/17 Program key
18 Fault status indicator
19 EASY neutral electrode monitoring, one-piece
20 EASY neutral electrode monitoring, split
21 “Bipolar Coag” indicator arrow (blue)
22 “Bipolar Coag” 7-segment display
23/24 Power limitation for bipolar coagulation
25 Key/indicator for “Bipolar output” FOOTSWITCH
(connection socket 31) Only for bipolar coagulation!
26 Key/indicator for “Bipolar output” AUTOSTART (connection
socket 31) Only for bipolar coagulation!
27 On/off switch
28 Socket for the neutral electrode (NE)
30 Connection socket for monopolar instruments with hand- or
27 28 30 31 footswitch, Bovie connector, 4 mm monopolar endoscope con-
nector or 3-pin connector
31 Connection socket for bipolar instruments with footswitch or
AUTOSTART
Back of ARC200 / ARC250 / ARC300e
32 Connection socket for footswitch for connection socket 30 and
connection socket 31
33 Fibre optic cable signal output socket
34 Fibre optic cable signal input socket
35 Rating plate
36 Connection for potential equalisation
32 33 34 35 36 37 37 Mains connection for IEC connector

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900-301_SM_V1.08_10715-S2-20111024-EN ARC 200 / 250 / 300e Service Manual 7
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Key 6
1. Using this Service Manual ............................................................................................11
1.1. Index of revisions ..............................................................................................11
1.2. Validity...............................................................................................................11
1.3. Other applicable documents ..............................................................................11
1.4. Symbols and markings ......................................................................................12
1.4.1. Structure of warnings ...........................................................................12
1.4.2. Risk levels in warnings.........................................................................12
1.4.3. Information ...........................................................................................12
1.4.4. Other symbols and markings ...............................................................13
2. Safety information for service technicians .................................................................14
2.1. Safety information .............................................................................................14
2.2. Warnings and safety instructions .......................................................................14
2.2.1. General instructions .............................................................................14
2.2.2. Special instructions ..............................................................................15
2.2.3. Working with the unit switched on ........................................................15
2.2.4. Working with the unit switched off ........................................................16
3. Design and operating principle ....................................................................................17
3.1. Power board ......................................................................................................18
3.1.1. Power rectifier / AC/DC Converter .......................................................19
3.1.2. Power supply unit (PSU) ......................................................................19
3.1.3. Extra-low voltage power supply unit .....................................................20
3.1.4. Generator ............................................................................................22
3.1.5. Control electronics ...............................................................................24
3.2. Control board.....................................................................................................25
3.2.1. Sensor system (1-4).............................................................................26
3.2.3. Connection for the relay autostart board (5) .........................................27
3.2.4. Interfaces (6)........................................................................................27
3.2.5. Tone generator / audio circuit (7) .........................................................27
3.2.6. MCU (8) ...............................................................................................27
3.2.7. Connection for LWL board (9) ..............................................................28
3.2.8. Footswitch input socket (10) ................................................................28
3.2.9. Connection for front panel (11) ............................................................28

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Table of Contents

3.3. Front panel unit .................................................................................................29


3.4. LWL board .........................................................................................................29
3.5. Autostart board ..................................................................................................30
4. Maintenance ..................................................................................................................31
4.1. Technical safety inspection (TSI) .......................................................................31
4.1.1. Carrying out the TSI .............................................................................31
4.2. Menu programs .................................................................................................32
4.2.1. Overview..............................................................................................32
4.3. Service programs ..............................................................................................34
4.3.1. Service program 10 “Connect to …”.....................................................35
4.3.2. Service program 11 “Calibration” .........................................................35
4.3.3. Service program 12 “Burn In” ...............................................................36
4.3.4. Service program 13 “Show Sys. Param.” .............................................37
4.3.5. Service program 14 “Delete Sys. Param.” ............................................37
4.3.6. Service program 15 “Delete EEPROM” ................................................38
4.3.7. Service program 16 “Check Ext. ADC” .................................................39
4.3.8. Service program 17 „Check Int. ADC“ ..................................................40
4.3.9. Service program 18 “Check DAC” ........................................................40
4.3.10. Service program 19 “Check Sensors” ..................................................41
4.3.11. Service program 20 “Set Output” .........................................................42
4.3.12. Service program 21 “Read Input” .........................................................43
4.3.13. Service program 22 “Set Relays” .........................................................43
4.3.14. Service program 23 “Check SCI” .........................................................43
4.3.15. Service program 24 “Safety Check” .....................................................44
5. Problem solving ............................................................................................................45
5.1. Functional test of boards ...................................................................................45
5.1.1. Dealing with a board fault.....................................................................45
5.2. Information messages displayed on the electrosurgical unit .............................46
5.2.1. Procedure to be followed when information messages appear ............46
5.2.2. Classification of information messages ................................................46
5.2.3. Overview of information messages and procedures .............................47
5.2.4. Key table for Information Number 43 ...................................................50
5.3. Troubleshooting .................................................................................................51
5.3.1. Dealing with a board fault.....................................................................51
5.3.2. Start-up faults ......................................................................................51

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Table of Contents

5.3.3. Display faults .......................................................................................53


5.3.4. Voltage generation faults .....................................................................54
5.3.5. Functional faults...................................................................................55
5.3.6. Interference to other equipment ...........................................................55
6. Repairs...........................................................................................................................56
6.1. Repair on site ....................................................................................................56
6.1.1. Ordering of spares ...............................................................................56
6.2. Repair in the factory ..........................................................................................57
6.2.1. Fault analysis form ARC 200 / ARC 250 / ARC 300e ...........................58
7. Removal and installation of parts ................................................................................61
7.1. Mains fuse .........................................................................................................62
7.2. Opening / closing the electrosurgical unit ..........................................................63
7.3. Power board ......................................................................................................64
7.4. Extra-low voltage power supply unit ..................................................................66
7.6. Control board.....................................................................................................68
7.7. Autostart board ..................................................................................................70
7.8. Potential equalisation connection ......................................................................71
7.9. Connector socket ..............................................................................................72
8. Parts list .........................................................................................................................74
9. Technical specifications ...............................................................................................76
10. APPENDIX TSI test record ............................................................................................79
10.1. Test instructions for TSI .....................................................................................81
10.1.1. Visual inspection ..................................................................................82
10.1.2. Functional test .....................................................................................83
10.1.3. EASY neutral electrode monitoring ......................................................87
10.1.4. Measuring the HF output power Cutting / Coagulation ........................89
10.1.5. Electrical tests......................................................................................91
10.2. Instructions for service program 11 “Calibration” ...............................................96
10.2.1. Call up service program 11 “Calibration” ..............................................96
10.2.2. Power supply setup..............................................................................97
10.2.3. Monopolar setup ..................................................................................98
10.2.4. Bipolar setup ......................................................................................101

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1 Using this Service Manual

1. Using this Service Manual


This Service Manual is an integral part of the product.
BOWA electronic GmbH & Co KG will neither accept any liability
nor provide any warranty in the event of direct or consequential
damage arising as a result of non-compliance with the Service
Manual.
 Carefully read through the Service Manual before using the
unit.
 Keep the Service Manual in a safe place throughout the life-
time of the product.
 Make sure the Service Manual is also available to service
technicians.
 Pass on the Service Manual to all subsequent owners/users
of the product.
 Update the Service Manual by adding supplementary infor-
mation provided by the manufacturer.

1.1. Index of revisions


Software version Revision status
1.08 2011 / 10

1.2. Validity
This Service Manual applies only to the product indicated on the
title page.

1.3. Other applicable documents


 Observe the other applicable documents in the appendix or
in the other information.

Other applicable documents are:


 Appendix (optional)
 Operating instructions, especially Sections 4 & 11.

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1 Using this Service Manual

1.4. Symbols and markings

1.4.1. Structure of warnings

SIGNAL WORD
Type, source and consequences of danger (physical injury)!
 Measure for avoiding the danger.

NOTE
Type, source and consequences of danger (damage to prop-
erty)!
 Measure for avoiding the danger.

1.4.2. Risk levels in warnings

Symbol Risk level Probability of Consequences


occurrence of non-
compliance
DANGER Immediate danger Death, serious
physical injury
WARNING Possible risk Death, serious
physical injury
CAUTION Possible risk Minor physical
injury
NOTE Possible risk Damage to
property

1.4.3. Information

Additional information provided to facilitate working with the elec-


trosurgical unit.

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1 Using this Service Manual

1.4.4. Other symbols and markings

Symbol / Marking Meaning


 Prerequisite for an action
 Action with one step
1. Action comprising several steps
2. that must be carried out in a certain
order
3.
 Result of preceding action
 List (first level)
 List (second level)
Highlighting Highlighting
... (see Section xxx, p. xxx) Cross reference
... Keys 25 Numbers in bold type (here: 25)
refer to the schematic diagram of
the unit and the corresponding key

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2 Safety information for service technicians

2. Safety information for service technicians


BOWA-electronic places great emphasis on safety when working
with electrosurgical units. This section contains information on:
 Safety instructions
 Warnings

The safety instructions in the User Manual contain information


relevant to correct handling of the electrosurgical unit.

2.1. Safety information


Electrosurgical equipment is subject to strict inspections by spe-
cially trained personnel.
Only experienced and trained personnel may work with the elec-
trosurgical unit.

BOWA assumes that the electrosurgical unit will be maintained by


qualified or authorised personnel. Service technicians must be
trained and familiar with the basic principles, rules of maintenance
and risks posed by the electrosurgical unit in order to ensure that
patients, personnel and equipment are never put in danger.

2.2. Warnings and safety instructions

2.2.1. General instructions

 Only use the electrosurgical unit after correctly performing


the self-test (see User Manual).
 Position the electrosurgical unit safely; do not place it on top
of electrical equipment.
 Do not place any objects (e.g. tools) on the electrosurgical
unit.
 Avoid harmful interference effects by placing the electrosur-
gical unit as far away as possible from other electrical
equipment.

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2 Safety information for service technicians

 Take suitable safety precautions before working on the elec-


trosurgical unit, use isolating transformers, insulated tools
and materials.
 Connect the accessories only to the sockets provided.
 Set the activation signal volume so it is loud enough to be
heard.

2.2.2. Special instructions

If necessary, the electrosurgical unit can be connected to the po-


tential equalisation system by means of an earthing cable.
 Replace components only with components of the same type
and quality.
 Use antistatic containers to transport components that could
be damaged by static electricity.

2.2.3. Working with the unit switched on

DANGER
Since the unit's components are not insulated against con-
tact with foreign objects, there is high risk of electric shock
with potentially fatal consequences!
 Work must only be carried out by qualified or authorised per-
sonnel.

 Connect the electrosurgical unit directly to an earthed socket.


 Do not use mains extension cables, adapters or multi-way
sockets.
 Use a 1000 VA isolating transformer if you are working on
the unit when it is open.
 Ensure that the electrosurgical unit and all of its accessory
parts are operated in dry conditions.
 Do not touch any unprotected cables or PCBs.
 Do not use any earthing straps when working on a live elec-
trosurgical unit.
Overheated or unsuitable components and inflammable materials
pose the risk of fire or explosion.
 Ensure that the electrosurgical unit has sufficient cooling.
 Do not use any inflammable materials, such as anaesthetics,
gases or fluids, around the electrosurgical unit.
 If accessories are overheated, remove them from the elec-
trosurgical unit and keep them away from the unit and per-
sonnel.

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2 Safety information for service technicians

2.2.4. Working with the unit switched off

The components are not insulated against contact with foreign


objects. There is a risk of electric shock from electrically charged
components even after the unit is switched off.
 Switch off the electrosurgical unit and pull out the plug at
least 5 minutes before commencing any service work.
 Check for zero voltage by measuring the DC voltage be-
tween measuring points X8 and X10 on the power board (in
the power rectifier area, see Fig. 3-2).
 Use an electrostatic discharge wrist strap and ESD mats, in
order to prevent damage to the electronic components.
The electrosurgical unit can be damaged by incorrect use of tools
and associated materials.
 Do not clean the electrosurgical unit with cleaning agents
which could cause damage or scratching.
 Follow the cleaning instructions in the User Manual.
 When carrying out maintenance work, also observe the
warnings and safety instructions in the User Manual.

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3 Design and operating principle

3. Design and operating principle


The electrosurgical unit consists of several sub-assemblies con-
nected together as blocks or modules:
 Power board (70151)
 Control board (70150)
 Autostart board (70200)
 Front panel (70128)
 LWL board (70099)

The block diagram gives an overview of the components and


their functions.

1P
70064

1P
70065
Potential
equali-
sation (Upper board)
10347
Power board
Mains

10348
input

70151
2P
70068
X708
X709
Switch-mode 5P X6/X7 JP3/JP4
X781
J1 J2 70159
J2
X780 power supply X2/X3

AUTOSTART-board
5P
switch
Power

2P 70159 10665 J3 JPC2 X4/X5


70166

Plate design 6P 26P

70200
10667 / 10668 70158 70060

J3 JPC2 X7/X8
JPX2/JPX3
Footswitch

JPX4/JPX5
socket
70161

5P
J2
(Lower board) 5P
JP2

70212

Control board 5P
4P 70163

70150
Front panel

J4 JP4
70162
J1
LWL board

70128
GastroCut
(only with

JPC3 JP1
option)
70099

26P
70164

1P
70064
X4 X6 JP17 X10 X11 JPX6 JPX7

NE socket Monopolar socket Bipolar socket


70199 70198 70197

Figure 3-1: Block diagram

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3 Design and operating principle

3.1. Power board


The power board contains all the circuits required to generate the
HF power from mains-frequency current.
The power board is composed of various individual functions:

 Power rectifier (1)


 Power supply unit (2)
 Extra-low voltage power supply unit (3)
 Generator (4)
 Control electronics (5)

1 5

3
4

Figure 3-2: Power board (70151)

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3 Design and operating principle

3.1.1. Power rectifier / AC/DC Converter

The power rectifier is connected via the power switch to the pow-
er input socket with integral mains filter. The power rectifier con-
verts the mains voltage (AC) into two DC voltages (±160 V) for
the switch-mode power supply. The supply voltage can be set
between 115 V and 230 V via a soldering jumper (see table be-
low).

Figure 3-3: Power rectifier

Supply volt- Bridge Pin1– Bridge Pin2–


age Pin2 Pin3
115 V X

230 V X

3.1.2. Power supply unit (PSU)

The power supply unit is a full-resonance switch-mode power


supply, with output voltage regulated by the MCU. It supplies out-
put voltages between 0 V and 380 V.

Figure 3-4: Power supply unit

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3 Design and operating principle

3.1.3. Extra-low voltage power supply unit

Figure 3-5: Extra-low voltage power supply unit

The extra-low voltage power supply unit supplies all of the boards
with the required extra-low voltages.
It can accept a wide range of inputs, from 100 V–240 V AC from
which it produces DC voltages of +5 V, +15 V and -15 V.

Pinout of J2 connector on the power board:

Pin Voltage Test point


1 +5 V TP33
2 +5 V TP33
3 GND TP1
4 GND TP1
5 -15 V TP34
6 +15 V TP32

All of the intermediate circuits listed here are earthed.

Output parameters of extra-low voltage power supply unit

Output voltage Max. output Max. output power


current
-15 V 0.5 A 7W
+15 V 2.5 A 37 W*
+5 V 8A 40 W*
* The total aggregate output power may not exceed 60 W

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3 Design and operating principle

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the power board indicate the op-


erational status of the voltage supplies.

+15 V 5V -15 V

Figure 3-6: Indicator LEDs on the power board

Voltage Test point LED


+5 V TP33 LE5
-15 V TP34 LE6
+15 V TP32 LE4

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3 Design and operating principle

3.1.4. Generator

Monopolar
Impulse sinewave Bipolar
sine-
wave

Figure 3-7: Generator

The generator is located on the front part of the power board and
contains three separate HF generators;
 Monopolar pulse generator
 Monopolar sinewave generator
 Bipolar sinewave generator.

From the DV voltage of the power supply unit (0 V–380 V DC),


these different generators create sinewave voltages of between
10 Vp and 1300 Vp or pulse voltages of up to 5000 Vp.
The sinewave voltage can be generated as a continuous or a
modulated signal.

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3 Design and operating principle

Monopolar pulse generator


This generator produces the current waveforms Forced Coag,
Spray Coag and Argon Coag. These are modulated individual-
pulse waveforms.

Pulse current types

No load 500 Ω load

Monopolar sinewave generator


This generator produces the current waveforms Monopolar Cut,
Moderate Coag and GastroCut. These can be either continuous
sinewaves or modulated sinewave packets.

Monopolar sinewave

Typical voltage waveform for Monopolar Cut and Moderate Coag

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3 Design and operating principle

GastroCut

Typical voltage waveform for GastroCut

Bipolar sinewave generator


This generator produces the Bipolar Coag current waveform. This
is a continuous sinewave.

Bipolar Coag

Bipolar Coag 120 W, 75 Ω load

3.1.5. Control electronics

The control electronics on the power board are mainly responsi-


ble for control and regulation of the power supply unit and the HF
generators.

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3 Design and operating principle

3.2. Control board

The control board is composed of various functional groups:


 Sensors (1, 2, 3 and 4)
 Connection for autostart plate (5)
 Interfaces to the power board (6)
 Tone generator (7)
 MCU (8)
 Connection for LWL board (9)
 Connection for footswitch (10)
 Connection for front panel (11)

9
7
10

6 8 11

1 2 3 4 5

Figure 3-8: Control board

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3 Design and operating principle

3.2.1. Sensor system (1-4)

EASY sensor (1)


The EASY sensor measures the resistance between the surfaces
of split neutral electrodes. This circuit generates a sinewave oscil-
lation of approx. 42 kHz (TP55), which is used to measure the
impedance of the patient. The voltage is transmitted to the split
electrodes (X4 and X6) via transformer TR4, and the response is
measured via a primary auxiliary winding. The OP circuit that fol-
lows this converts this signal into a DC voltage signal (TP54) for
the MCU. The EASY circuit has a self-calibration device, which
switches itself on and off again as required. This guarantees con-
sistent precision when measuring impedance. The measurement
range of the EASY circuit is 0 –999 .

Arc sensor (2)


The arc sensor (2) converts the measured values of the arc in-
tensity into a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal. The PWM
signals are then isolated via three optical couplers (O6, O7 and
O8) and sent to the control board. These PWM signals can be
measured at test-points TP64, TP65 and TP66.
The DC/DC convertor (TR2) supplies the arc sensor with the
necessary voltage (+/- 5 V).

Fingerswitch monitor (3)


The fingerswitch monitor monitors the monopolar output socket
and sends a corresponding activation signal to the MCU when a
fingerswitch on the connected monopolar handgrip is pressed.
Communication with the MCU is by optical coupler.

Current and voltage sensors (4)


The monopolar and bipolar ranges each have separate current
and voltage sensors.
These inductive current sensors measure the incoming and out-
going HF current. The measured signals are processed further by
the MCU and the regulating electronics. The measured values of
the redundant current sensors are continuously compared with
one another by the MCU.
For the monopolar range, the voltage is measured by the primary
sensor VS1. The second diverse voltage sensor measurement is
carried out by the arc sensor. This measured signal is then iso-
lated as a PWM signal and sent to the MCU.
On the bipolar side, voltage sensor VS2 measures the HF volt-
age.

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3 Design and operating principle

3.2.3. Connection for the relay autostart board (5)

Cable 70212 provides the connection to the relay autostart board


and the AUTOSTART monitors contained on it, whose signals
are isolated via optical coupler and sent to the MCU.

3.2.4. Interfaces (6)

The control board is connected to the power board via a ribbon


cable (JPC2). Voltage is supplied to the control board from the
power board via a 6-way supply cable (J3).

3.2.5. Tone generator / audio circuit (7)

Tone generation is controlled by the MCU. To generate a tone,


the MCU outputs two PWM signals. The signal
PWM_FREQUENZ (TP8) specifies the frequency of the tone,
whilst the volume is determined by the signal PWM_LAUT
(TP11). The two mixed PWM signals are processed by the audio
amplifier (U8) and passed to the loudspeaker.

The volume can be adjusted in menu program 2 “Sound Level”


for all system tones, with the exception of the alarm tone. For
safety reasons the tone generator cannot be switched off.

Mode Display in Frequen- Signal type


test pro- cy [Hz]
gramme
Monopolar Cut SOUND 1 500 Continuous
sound
Monopolar Coag SOUND 2 420 Continuous
sound
Bipolar Coag SOUND 4 340 Continuous
sound
GastroCUT End Increasing in
volume
Alarm 1000 Intermittent

3.2.6. MCU (8)

The MCU processes all sensor signals and regulates the output
parameters that have been set. The MCU also monitors all safety
functions and controls the equipment functions.

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3 Design and operating principle

3.2.7. Connection for LWL board (9)

The LWL board is connected via the plug-in connector JP6 for
communication with ARC Plus.

3.2.8. Footswitch input socket (10)

The footswitch input socket enables different coded footswitches


to be connected. The dynamic scanning signal FUSS_ENAB (500
Hz) is isolated and sent via an optical coupler (O4) to connector
J2 on pin 5 of the footswitch.
When the pedal is touched, this signal is sent back via the corre-
sponding pin on the footswitch, and returns via an optical isolator
to the control board and MCU.

A DC/DC convertor (TR1) provides a separate isolated +12 V


supply to the isolated footswitch electronics.

3.2.9. Connection for front panel (11)

The front panel is connected to JPC3 via a ribbon cable for data
transmission, and receives its power supply via plug-in connector
J4.

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3 Design and operating principle

3.3. Front panel unit


The front panel unit is mounted in a plastic frame. It consists of a
power switch and the front panel board, which is screwed to an
aluminium mounting plate along with an adhesive membrane
keyboard. The front panel (70128) is connected to the control
board (70150) by a 26-way ribbon cable and a 5-way power sup-
ply cable.

Power switch
The power switch is a 2-pole isolating switch. It is installed in the
aluminium mounting plate and connects the power input socket to
the power board.

3.4. LWL board

Figure 3-9: LWL board

The LWL board enables communication with the accessory ARC


PLUS in the relevant programs.
A connecting cable links it to connector strip JP6 on the control
board (70150).

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3 Design and operating principle

3.5. Autostart board

Figure 3-10: Autostart board

With the AUTOSTART monitor switched on (key 26 on the front


panel is lit), the monitoring circuit is connected across bipolar
socket 31.
The AUTOSTART monitor measures the impedance of the tissue
in contact with the bipolar instrument, and sends this to be pro-
cessed by the MCU.

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4 Maintenance

4. Maintenance

4.1. Technical safety inspection (TSI)


During the technical safety inspection, the safety and functionality
of the electrosurgical unit, accessories and, if used, the equip-
ment trolley is checked. It must be carried out in order to detect
equipment defects and verify the safety of the medical device.

Technical safety inspections must be carried out:


 once a year
 after every time that the electrosurgical unit is opened

 The product and accessories may only be inspected by per-


sons who have the required training, knowledge or experi-
ence and who can perform the inspection independently.
 When carrying out the technical safety inspection, observe
the rules and regulations that apply in the relevant country.
 If necessary, refer to IEC 62353 for assistance when carrying
out the inspection.
 Document the results of the technical safety inspection and
keep this record in the medical device logbook for the elec-
trosurgical unit.

4.1.1. Carrying out the TSI

Prescribed checks:
 Visual inspection
 Functional test
 EASY neutral electrode monitoring
 Measuring the HF power outputs
 Electrical tests

 The TSI test record can be found in the appendix (see Sec-
tion 10, p. 79).
 The TSI test instructions can be found in the appendix (see
Section 10, p. 79).

If the results deviate from the values shown in the test record or
are outside the stated maximum values, the electrosurgical unit
must be calibrated and the technical safety inspection carried out

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4 Maintenance

once again. If this does not remedy the situation, contact the
Technical Service at BOWA-electronic.

4.2. Menu programs


The menu programs are fixed programs which define the basic
parameters (such as the operating language, sound, display and
memory options) of the main program.

4.2.1. Overview

The following menus are available:


 Menu program 1 “Set Language”
 Menu program 2 “Sound Level”
 Menu program 3 “Forced Coag Mode”
 Menu program 3A “GastroCut Mode”
 Menu program 4 “Show Prev. Inf. No.”
 Menu program 5 “Hide Fix Prog.”
 Menu program 6 “Autostart Delay”
 Menu program 7 “Edit Prog. Names”
 Menu program 8 “Restore Programs”
 Menu program 9 “Panel Check”

Further information on the menu programs can be found in the


User Manual.

Selecting a menu program


1. When switching on the device, simultaneously press the
on/off switch 27 and the program selection key 17 to see the
list of menu programs.
 The current software version is displayed on the display/main
display 15.
2. Press the program selection key 16 to select a menu pro-
gram.
3. Press the power limitation for monopolar cutting key 4, to
start the desired program.

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Exiting a menu program


 Press the power limitation for monopolar cutting key 3, to
return to the menu program overview.

When the electrosurgical unit is switched off, the new settings will
be saved automatically.

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4 Maintenance

4.3. Service programs


The service programs provide additional test functions and cali-
bration options.
For safety reasons, the service programs are password-
protected. In order to access the password-protected area, pro-
ceed as follows:
1. Switch on the electrosurgical unit with program key 17 acti-
vated.
 Display 2 now reads “Sno”.
 The current software version is shown in display 9.
 Display 22 shows the abbreviation for the setup language.
2. Press the autostart key 26.
3. Press key 5.
 Display 15 now reads “Key”.
 Display 2 now reads “InP”.
4. Press key 24.
5. Press key 12.
 The electrosurgical unit is now in extended test mode, and
display 15 reads “Advanced Service”.
6. Press program keys 16 and 17, to select a specific service
program.

The following service programs are available:


 Service program 10 “Connect to …”
 Service program 11 “Calibration”
 Service program 12 “Burn In”
 Service program 13 “Show Sys. Param.”
 Service program 14 “Delete Sys. Param.”
 Service program 15 “Delete EEPROM”
 Service program 16 “Check Ext. ADC”
 Service program 17 “Check Int. ADC”
 Service program 18 “Check DAC”
 Service program 19 “Check Sensors”
 Service program 20 “Set Output”
 Service program 21 “Read Input”
 Service program 22 “Set Relays”
 Service program 23 “Check SCI”
 Service program 24 “Safety Check”

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4.3.1. Service program 10 “Connect to …”

This service program is used to set up communication with the


accessories ARC PLUS or MediCBus. The accessories are con-
nected via fibre optic cable to the rear of the devices ARC200 /
ARC250 / ARC300e (connectors 33 and 34).

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the desired accessory with keys 5 and 6.
3. End the program: press key 3.
 Display 15 now shows the selected accessory.

Communication with ARC Plus is set up in the factory.

4.3.2. Service program 11 “Calibration”

This service program is used to set up and store the calibration


parameters for currents and voltages in the electrosurgical unit.

CAUTION
Altering the parameters may cause personal injury and dam-
age!
 Avoid making alterations to preset values.
 If you do make alterations, do so with great care.

It is necessary to alter calibration parameters and currents if un-


acceptably high deviations in output power are detected in the
TSI.
More detailed explanations on service program 13 “Calibration”
can be found in the appendix (see Section 10.2, p. 96).

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. End the program: press key 3.
 This returns you to the service program menu.

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4.3.3. Service program 12 “Burn In”

This service program is required for the endurance test run (or
burn-in test) on the electrosurgical unit. This is carried out in the
factory on every newly-manufactured product, and is recom-
mended to be carried out only after changing a board.

NOTE
Continuous loading of the unit in the service program “Burn
In” may cause damage.
 Run the service program “Burn In” only after changing
boards.

If you wish to carry out a “burn in”, please contact BOWA Service.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. End the program: Press key 3.
 This returns you to the service program menu.

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4 Maintenance

4.3.4. Service program 13 “Show Sys. Param.”

The electrosurgical unit records some important system parame-


ters, which can be called up with this service program.
1. Start the program: Press key 4.
2. Select the parameter with keys 5 and 6.
 Display 15 shows the selected parameter.

Parameter Description
number
0 Number of burn-in operations commenced
1 Number of complete burn-in operations carried out
2 Number of times information list deleted
3 Number of “safety check” procedures carried out
4 reserved
5 reserved
6 reserved
7 reserved
8 Number of parameter deletions

3. End the program: Press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

4.3.5. Service program 14 “Delete Sys. Param.”

This service program is used to reset the system parameters and


the recorded faults.

1. Start the program: Press key 4.


2. Press the autostart key 26.
 The program starts automatically, the status is indicated in
display 15.
 End the program: after successful completion of the program,
you will be returned to the service program menu.

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4 Maintenance

4.3.6. Service program 15 “Delete EEPROM”

This service program is used to delete the electrosurgical unit’s


EEPROM.

WARNING
The electrosurgical unit can no longer be used without first
being configured!
 Use this program only if a software update is necessary.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Press the autostart key 26.
 The program starts automatically, the status is indicated in
display 15.
 End the program: after successful completion of the program,
you will be returned to the service program menu.

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4.3.7. Service program 16 “Check Ext. ADC”

This service program measures the various system voltages.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the test level with keys 10 and 11.
 Display 7 shows the selected test level.
 The measured values are shown in display 15 and displays 2
and 9.
Some measurements return a fixed value if the result of the
measurement is within specified limits. Other measurements
show the respective instantaneous values.
Dis- Display 15 Meaning Measured value
play 7 (example)
in display 15
1 Ref MCU board reference voltage 4096 [mV]
-15 V -15 V supply voltage -15000 [mV]
2
Temp_Air Temperature at HF generators 25 [*C]
3.3 V 3.3 V supply voltage 3300 [mV]
3
5V 5 V supply voltage 5000 [mV]
4 15 V 15 V supply voltage 15000 [mV]
EASY output voltage
EASY1 4080 [mV]
5 Current at redundant current
I_V10 0 [mA]
sensor
Current at redundant current
I_HF 0 [mA]
6 sensor
EASY2
Not assigned
Short-term voltage failure
U_TIME 3872 [mV]
7 monitoring
U_IMP 0 [mV]
Pulse generator voltage
U_SIN Sinewave generator voltage
0 [mV]
8 Temp_GE Temperature of generator
25 [*C]
N transistors

3. End the program: Press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

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4 Maintenance

4.3.8. Service program 17 „Check Int. ADC“

This service program measures the voltages on the MCU board.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the test level with keys 10 and 11.
 Display 7 shows the selected test level.
 The measured values are shown in display 15.

Display Display Meaning Measured value


7 15 (example)
in display 15
1 Ch: 0 U_Arc + 0 [V]
2 Ch: 1 U_Arc - 0 [V]
3 Ch: 2 U_HF1 0 [V]
4 Ch: 3 I_HF1 0 [mA]
5 Ch: 4 COS(PHI) 100
6 Ch: 5 U_HF2 0 [V]
7 Ch: 6 I_NG 0 [mA]
8 Ch: 7 U_NG 0 [V]
Ref Ref.: Internal processor 4096 [mV]
9 VRH measurement 3967 [mV]
VRH_MCU

3. End the program: Press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

4.3.9. Service program 18 “Check DAC”

This service program is only used internally by the manufacturer.

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4.3.10. Service program 19 “Check Sensors”

This service program contains four test levels:


 EASY neutral electrode monitoring
 Short-term voltage failure monitoring
 EASY sensitivity
 FSEC

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the test level with keys 10 and 11.
 Display 7 shows the selected test level.
 The measured values are shown in display 15.

Test level 1: EASY


Display 15 shows the voltage value, together with the value cal-
culated from this for the transmission resistance.
As long as no electrode is connected to the neutral electrode
socket, the voltage value varies as a result of internal measure-
ment range switching. A resistance must be connected to the
neutral electrode socket in order to check the EASY sensor.

Test level 2: Short-term voltage failure monitoring


Display 15 shows the measured value of the short-term voltage
failure monitor. The measured voltage is approx. 3600 [mV].

Test level 3: EASY sensitivity


Display 15 shows the current permitted sensitivity of the EASY
monitor.
For example, a reading of 50% indicates that the maximum per-
mitted measured value may be increased by 50% above the last
previous measured patient value before an alarm is given.
By pressing keys 23 and 24, the permitted variation may be set in
steps of 5% within a range of 5%–75%.

BOWA recommends a setting of 50%.

Test level 4: FSEC


This program level is reserved for future additional functions.

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4 Maintenance

4.3.11. Service program 20 “Set Output”

This service program is used to test internal control functions.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the test level with keys 10 and 11.
 Display 7 shows the selected test level.

Display 7 Control function


Relays K1 and K2 and the EASY solid state relays
on the control board are clock-controlled.
1  Light-emitting diodes LED6, LED7 and LED13 on
the control board blink and the switching of the
relays can be heard.
Relay K1 on the autostart board is clock-controlled.
2
 The switching of the relay can be heard.
3 Not assigned
Relays K1‒4 on the power board are clock-
controlled.
4  Light-emitting diodes LE1–3 on the power board
blink and the switching of the relays can be
heard.

3. End the program: press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

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4.3.12. Service program 21 “Read Input”

This service program is only used internally by the manufacturer.

4.3.13. Service program 22 “Set Relays”

This service program is only used internally by the manufacturer.

4.3.14. Service program 23 “Check SCI”

This service program carries out a test of the communications


cables. The test is performed with a fibre optic cable connected to
the rear of the unit. Connect sockets 33 and 34 with a fibre optic
cable for this purpose.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


 Display 15 shows the communications status.
Display 15 Meaning
Internal communication interface, only used by the
Ch: 1 Error
manufacturer for test purposes.
With fibre optic cable connected and fault-free
communication, the message “ok” is shown in
Ch: 2 ok display 15.
 Remove the fibre optic cable and the display
changes to “Error“

2. End the program: press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

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4 Maintenance

4.3.15. Service program 24 “Safety Check”

This service program is required for the technical safety inspec-


tion (TSI); it switches the various circuit components to the re-
spective output sockets.
There are three sub-programs available:
 Mono sinewave mode
 Mono spray mode
 Bipolar mode.

1. Start the program: press key 4.


2. Select the sub-program with keys 10 and 11.
 Display 15 shows the selected sub-program.

Service program 24 is started each time the electrosurgical unit is


switched off and back on again. This is required in order to carry
out the TSI (see Section 10.1.5, p. 91).

3. End the program: press key 3.


 This returns you to the service program menu.

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5 Problem solving

5. Problem solving
If the electrosurgical unit is not working properly, use this section
to rectify faults.

5.1. Functional test of boards


The boards and their functions can be checked with the aid of the
service programs and the fault memory.
For rapid and efficient troubleshooting, please contact the BOWA
service department.

5.1.1. Dealing with a board fault

If the functional test is unsuccessful, there is a fault in one of the


components of the board that has been tested. In this event, pro-
ceed as follows:
1. Change the entire board.

Removal and installation of boards is described in Section 7,


p. 61.

2. Carry out a technical safety inspection (see Section 10.1,


p. 81).

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5 Problem solving

5.2. Information messages displayed on the


electrosurgical unit
5.2.1. Procedure to be followed when information mes-
sages appear

The electrosurgical unit continuously runs a self-test, as indicated


by information messages on the display.

If short information messages repeatedly appear, the units, ac-


cessories and the settings must be checked.

 If the information messages persist after the electrosurgical


unit has been switched off and back on, or after the fault has
been repaired, contact the Technical Service department at
BOWA-electronic.

Information messages
The electrosurgical unit generates information messages in the
form of:
 an audible alarm
 an information message on the main display or on the 7-digit
display (with the number INF. XXX)
If faults appear during the self-test that might cause an accident,
the electrosurgical unit switches itself off until the fault is repaired.
A list of the faults that have occurred is stored in the unit and can
be called up as required.

5.2.2. Classification of information messages

The electrosurgical unit issues messages by assigning them in-


formation numbers. These are divided into different categories
according to the functions that are affected.
Information number (INF. No.) Component / Functions
001 to 015 HF power generation
040 to 081 Electrosurgical unit operational
fault
100 to 105 EASY monitoring
110 to 149 Sensors
150 to 255 System self-monitoring

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5 Problem solving

5.2.3. Overview of information messages and proce-


dures

INF. Fault description / Fault source Troubleshooting / Correction of fault


No.
1 HF voltage of sinewave generator too - Functional test of control board.
low when activated.
- Functional test of power board.

- Activation without patient contact; if the


fault is no longer present, check the in-
struments and setups.

2 No HF voltage from the sinewave or - Functional test of control board.


pulse generators when activated.
- Functional test of power board.

3… Not assigned
5
6 Bipolar diversity check faulty - Remove the bipolar instrumentation and
activate with the footswitch. If this cor-
rects the fault, inspect the accessories.
Otherwise, carry out a functional test of
the control board. Functional test of pow-
er board.

- Inspect the unit’s internal cabling.

11 A constant power is delivered at a con- - Alter the loading case of the generator.
stant resistance.
12… Not assigned
39
40 ARC PLUS is offline - Check fibre optic cable to ARC PLUS

- Check whether ARC PLUS is switched


on.

- In service program 24, carry out SCI


check.

41… Not assigned -


42
43 Keys on front panel activated when unit - By pressing individual keys, check the
is switched on. front panel keys for specific operational
features, e.g. acoustic and sensory feed-
back
(see key table for INF 43).

44 Activation signals are present when the - Check footswitch and/or fingerswitches.
unit is switched on.

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5 Problem solving

INF. Fault description / Fault source Troubleshooting / Correction of fault


No.
45 Two fingerswitch activation signals - Check fingerswitches.
from the same handgrip.
46 Two footswitch activation signals from - Check footswitch.
the same footswitch.
47 Activation of an output without valid - Enter a power setting for the activated
setting on front panel. output socket.
(Power display reads: ---)
48 Not assigned
49 At end of activation there is another - Clear the fault.
activation signal for the same socket.
(Fingerswitch and footswitch are simul- - Check the instrumentation
taneously active)
50… Not assigned
60
61 On pressing the AUTOSTART key, - Check bipolar instrument and/or deposit-
there is already contact with tissue. ing of the instrument.

62… Not assigned


89
90 Tissue impedance too high at start of - Check instrument for breakage in cable.
activation in the programs “GastroCUT
Pol” and “GastroCUT Pap”. - Inspect tissue contact point for deposits
or dirt.

91… Not assigned


99
100 EASY measured value too high at start - NE cable may not have been inserted into
of activation. the NE socket.

- Check neutral electrode supply cable for


damage/breakage.

- Check correct fit of neutral electrode.

101 Not assigned -

102 EASY measured value exceeds permit- - Check neutral electrode supply cable for
ted range during activation with split damage/breakage.
neutral electrode.
- Check correct fit of neutral electrode.

103 EASY measured value exceeds permit- - Check neutral electrode supply cable for
ted range during activation with one- damage/breakage.
piece neutral electrode.
- Check correct fit of neutral electrode.

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INF. Fault description / Fault source Troubleshooting / Correction of fault


No.
104 EASY measured value exceeds maxi- - Check neutral electrode supply cable for
mum value during activation. (Open damage/breakage.
detection)
- Check correct fit of neutral electrode.

105… Not assigned -


149
150… System internal information - Contact BOWA service department.
205
206 15 V system voltage too low - Functional test of extra-low voltage sup-
ply,
207 15 V system voltage too high
cable and extra-low voltage power supply
208 5 V system voltage too low unit
209 5 V system voltage too high
210 3.3 V system voltage too low - Functional test IC S1 on control board
211 3.3 V system voltage too high
212 -15 V system voltage too low - Functional test of extra-low voltage sup-
ply, cable and extra-low voltage power
213 -15 V system voltage too high supply unit

214 4.096 V system voltage too low - Functional test IC U27 on control board
4.096 V MCU reference voltage too
215
high
216… System internal information - Contact BOWA service department.
235
236 Incorrect password entry

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5 Problem solving

5.2.4. Key table for Information Number 43

The display of the electrosurgical unit shows which key is activat-


ed when the unit is switched on.
The numbering of the keys on the electrosurgical unit for system
test purposes is not always identical with the numbering given in
the User Manual and the Service Manual.

Fault code Key to be tested


1 Program key “up” (key 16)
3 Power limitation for monopolar cutting “down” (key 3)
4 Power limitation for monopolar cutting “up” (key 4)
5 Power limitation for monopolar coagulation “down” (key 10)
6 Power limitation for monopolar coagulation “up” (key 11)
9 Power limitation for bipolar coagulation “down” (key 23)
10 Power limitation for bipolar coagulation “up” (key 24)
11 Degree of sloughing for monopolar cutting “up” (key 5)
12 Key/display for “Moderate Coagulation“ current mode (key 12)
13 Key/display for “Forced Coagulation” current mode (key 13)
14 Key/display for “Spray Coagulation” current mode (key 14)
16 Key/display for “Bipolar output” AUTOSTART (key 26)
17 Degree of sloughing for monopolar cutting “down” (key 6)
23 Key/display for “Bipolar output” footswitch (key 25)

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5.3. Troubleshooting
Faults may be classified as follows:
 Start-up faults
 Display faults
 Voltage generation faults
 Functional faults
 Interference to other equipment

5.3.1. Dealing with a board fault

If the measures carried out do not remedy the fault, you must fit a
new board.
 Refer to Section 7 when replacing boards.

5.3.2. Start-up faults

The electrosurgical unit will not switch on

Possible cause Action


 Power plug disconnected  Check that the power cable is properly
 Incorrect socket connected and making contact.
 Faulty power cable  Change the power cable.
 Check the supply voltage.
Incorrect, inadequate supply voltage to the
 Connect the electrosurgical unit to a dif-
electrosurgical unit
ferent socket.
Faulty / damaged fuses  Change the fuses.
Cables inside the electrosurgical unit are loose  Check that all cables are properly con-
or disconnected nected and making contact.
 Damaged control board connection  Check that all connecting cables are
 Control board malfunction properly connected and making contact.
Faulty on/off switch  Fit a new power switch.
Functional fault on part of the front panel  Fit a new front panel.
 Short-circuit
 Test the extra-low voltage power supply
 Disconnected cable on extra-low voltage unit (see Section 3.1.3).
power supply unit

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5 Problem solving

Electrosurgical unit does not perform a self-test,


or does not complete it

Possible cause Action


Information message was generated  Check the main display or the 7-segment
displays for an information message.
Cables inside the electrosurgical unit are  Check that all cables are properly con-
loose or disconnected nected and making contact.
Incorrect, inadequate supply voltage to the  Check the supply voltage.
electrosurgical unit  Connect the electrosurgical unit to a dif-
ferent mains socket.
 Damaged control board connection  Check that all connecting cables are
 Control board malfunction properly connected and making contact.
 Short-circuit  Test the extra-low voltage power supply
 Disconnected cable on extra-low voltage unit (see Section 3.1.3).
power supply unit
 Software malfunction  Switch the electrosurgical unit off and
back on.

Footswitch does not activate the electrosurgical unit

Possible cause Action


Footswitch is wrongly connected  Connect the footswitch to the correct out-
put socket.
Footswitch signal is not being processed by  Check that all connecting cables are
the control board. properly connected and making contact.

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5.3.3. Display faults

No display; partial or incorrect display

Possible cause Action


Ribbon cable between control board and front  Check that the ribbon cable between the
panel (front panel power supply) is damaged control board and the front panel is
or not connected properly connected and making contact.
Cable between front panel and control board  Check that the cables between the front
(front panel power supply) is damaged or not panel and the control board are properly
connected connected and making contact.
 Check the supply voltages on the front
panel.
Control board is sending faulty information to  Fit a new control board.
the front panel.
Functional fault on part of the front panel  Fit a new front panel.

Constant interference on a video monitor

Possible cause Action


Incorrect earthing of the housing  Check the earthing of the monitor.
 Check the earthing of the electrosurgical
unit.
Another item of electrical equipment is caus-  Connect all items of electrical equipment
ing interference on the monitor through recip- to the same earth conductor.
rocal effects with the electrosurgical unit.
Video cables used are not sheathed  Connect the monitor using shielded video
cables.
Faulty monitor  Change the monitor.

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5 Problem solving

5.3.4. Voltage generation faults

Despite being used correctly, the electrosurgical unit deliv-


ers no
HF voltage

Possible cause Action


Malfunction of footswitch or fingerswitch due  Switch off the electrosurgical unit.
to cable breakage.  Check the connectors and sockets.
 Switch the electrosurgical unit on.
 Change the connected instruments.
 Measure the resistance of the fin-
gerswitch handgrip when it is pressed
(< 200 Ω).
Faulty fingerswitch monitor  Check that the control board is functioning
correctly.
Fingerswitch connector is in the wrong socket.  Connect the fingerswitch to the correct
socket.
Footswitch is wrongly connected  Connect the footswitch to the correct
socket.
No power setting for the socket  Adjust the power parameters for the
socket.
An information message was generated.  Check the main display and the 7-
segment display for an information mes-
sage.
 Control board malfunction  Check the signal path on the control
 Signal enable in activation path is not board.
being generated  Fit a new control board.
Power board malfunction  Check that the connecting cable between
the power board and the control board is
properly connected and making contact.

Despite being used correctly, the electrosurgical unit deliv-


ers no
HF voltage and the red “output error” display is lit

Possible cause Action


Insufficient HF voltage available for this appli-  Select a different power setting.
cation  Select a different blend setting.
 Select a different program.
Power supply fault  Check the output voltage of the power
supply unit on activation
Fault in connection to control board  Check the HF connection cable between
the power board and the control board.

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5 Problem solving

5.3.5. Functional faults

When pressed, keys function incorrectly or not at all

Possible cause Action


Ribbon cable between control board and front  Check that the ribbon cable between the
panel (front panel power supply) is damaged control board and the front panel is
or not connected. properly connected and making contact.
Control board is sending faulty information  Fit a new control board.
about the key that is pressed.
Front panel is sending faulty information to the  Fit a new front panel.
control board.

5.3.6. Interference to other equipment

Interference to other equipment when electrosurgical unit


activated

Possible cause Action


Metal-to-metal arcing  Check that all connecting cables between
the electrosurgical unit and other equip-
ment are properly connected and undam-
aged.
Electrically inconsistent routing of potential  Keep potential equalisation conductors as
equalisation system in operating theatre short as possible.
 Connect all potential equalisation conduc-
tors to the same earth cable.
If the interference persists after switching on:  Check the manufacturer’s data.
the equipment is reacting to the frequencies
emitted by the electrosurgical unit

Interference with cardiac pacemakers

Possible cause Action


Temporary loss of connection or metal-to-  Check all connecting cables to the elec-
metal arcing. trosurgical unit. The pacemaker may need
to be
reset.

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6 Repairs

6. Repairs
BOWA-electronic GmbH & Co. accepts liability for the safety,
reliability and performance of the electrosurgical unit subject to
the following conditions:
 All instructions for installation and correct usage in accord-
ance with the User Manual and the Service Manual have
been precisely followed.
 Changes, repairs, new settings and similar procedures have
been carried out only by persons authorised by BOWA to do
this work.
 The electrical installation in the relevant room complies with
local regulations and legal requirements.

6.1. Repair on site


Repairs to the ARC200 / ARC250 / ARC300e may only be carried
out on the printed circuit boards. When carrying out these repairs,
refer to Sections 7 and 8.
 Carry out a technical safety inspection on the electrosurgical
unit if you have opened it (see Section 10.1, p. 81).
 Dispose of faulty parts properly.

6.1.1. Ordering of spares

Faulty boards may only be replaced by complete original BOWA


sub-assemblies.

Details
Have the following details ready:
 Item no. of the electrosurgical unit
 Serial no. of the electrosurgical unit
 Spare part number

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6 Repairs

6.2. Repair in the factory


If your electrosurgical unit develops a fault that necessitates re-
pair in BOWA’s main plant, proceed as follows:

Details
Have the following details ready:
 Your full address
 Item no. of the electrosurgical unit
 Serial no. of the electrosurgical unit
 Software version
 A detailed description of the problem or the repair to be car-
ried out

Send in the electrosurgical unit


1. Disinfect your electrosurgical unit.
2. Fill out the fault analysis form (see Section 6.2.1, p. 58).
3. Send your electrosurgical unit in its original packaging to the
address provided.
 You will receive your electrosurgical unit back when it has
been successfully repaired.

Address
Send your electrosurgical unit, including temporary replacement,
to the following address:

BOWA-electronic GmbH & Co. KG


Service
Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 4–10
72810 Gomaringen, Germany

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6 Repairs

6.2.1. Fault analysis form ARC 200 / ARC 250 / ARC 300e

In order to offer you the necessary technical support quickly and


effectively in service situations, it is essential that we are given as
much information as possible about your faulty electrosurgical
unit.
For this reason we have provided you with this short question-
naire, which gives our Service team the key initial information
about your problem.
For a more comprehensive fault analysis, it is necessary to
measure the output powers in the various programs (see instruc-
tions on the technical safety inspection in Section 10.1, p. 81).
1. Please fill in the questionnaire as completely as possible.
2. Send the completed warranty / defects report to the technical
service department at BOWA-electronic GmbH & Co. KG:
 Fax: +49 (0) 7072-6002-33
 E-mail: service@bowa.de

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6 Repairs

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6 Repairs

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7. Removal and installation of parts

CAUTION
Risk of injury due to electric shock. The components are not
insulated against contact with foreign objects!
 Switch off the electrosurgical unit at least 5 minutes before
commencing any service work.
 Pull out the power plug.
 Use an earthing strap and an ESD mat for protection against
electrostatic discharge.

 Read the notes in Section 2 and follow the instructions in this


section.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.1. Mains fuse

10348

10543 2x
10349 T4,0A for 230 and 240V
10319 2x
T8,0A for 110, 115 and 120V

Figure 7-1: Mains fuse

Tools required:
- Screwdriver

Dissasembly:
- Use the screwdriver to operate the locking mechanism on the
underside of the 10349 fuse holder, and withdraw the fuse
holder from the 11058 combination connector socket.

- Remove the two 10543 4 A fuses (or 10319 8 A fuses) from


the 10349 fuse holder and exchange them.

Assembly:
- Insert two 10543 4 A fuses (or 10319 8 A fuses) into the
10349 fuse holder.

- Push the 10349 fuse holder into the 10348 combination con-
nector socket until you feel it click into position.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.2. Opening / closing the electrosurgical unit

Figure 7-2: Opening the Electrosurgical unit

Tools required:
- Torx screwdriver, size T20

Dissasembly:
- Remove the six 10464 screws with the screwdriver

- Lift up the 10681 cover and remove the 70064 earth protec-
tion cable by gently pressing together the connector housing.

- Remove the cover from the unit.

Assembly:
Reassemble by reversing the steps described above for disas-
sembly.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.3. Power board

Figure 7-3: Power board

Tools required:
- Crosshead screwdriver (Pozidriv)
- Torx screwdriver, size T20

Disassembly:
- Remove two 10460 screws (M4x10) with size T20 torx
screwdriver on right traverse.

- Disconnect all connections to the 70151 power board.


To do this, pull off the plug-in connectors while gently press-
ing together the plastic housing.

- Fold the 10668 board plate with 70151 power board up


through roughly 90°.

- Disconnect the 70060 ribbon cable and the 70158 6-way ca-
ble from the 70151 power board.

- Fold the 10668 board plate with 70151 power board back into
place.

- Remove the nine 10449 screws (M3-6Z4) and the single


10800 screw (M3x25) with the crosshead screwdriver.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

- Remove the 70151 power board.

Assembly:
Reassemble by reversing the steps described above for disas-
sembly.

Cable num- Power board slot Control board slot


ber
70076 X4 X7
70076 X5 X8
70165 X2 JPX2
70165 X3 JPX3
X6
70076 (10853 spade connect- JPX4
or)
X7
70076 (10853 spade connect- JPX5
or)

Cable number Power board slot Autostart board slot


X6
70075 (10853 spade connect- JP3
or)
X7
70165 (10853 spade connect- JP4
or)

CAUTION
After changing the component, carry out a complete calibration
of the unit.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.4. Low voltage power supply unit

Figure 7-4: Low voltage power supply unit

Tools required:
- Torx screwdriver, size T10
- Socket wrench, size 5.5

Disassembly:
- Detach cables 70160 and 70159.

- Unscrew 3x 10800 screws (M3x25) using the screwdriver,


holding the nut 10467 (M3) in place with the socket wrench.

- Carefully raise the power supply unit and remove the


10708 spacers.

Assembly:
Reassemble by reversing the steps described above for disas-
sembly.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

CAUTION
The fourth 10708 spacer is only inserted into the 10668 board
plate when screwing on the 70151 power board, and is secured
using the 10800 screw. See diagram.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.6. Control board

Figure 7-5: Control board

Tools required:
- Torx screwdriver, size T10
- Socket wrench, size 5.5

Disassembly:
- Disconnect footswitch socket at JP2 and LWL board at JP6.

- Disconnect ribbon cable 70060 at JPC2 and 6-way cable


70158 at J3.

- Disconnect ribbon cable 70164 at JPC3 and 5-way cable


70163 at J4.

- Disconnect 5-way cable 70212 at JP2 on the autostart board.

- Disconnect plug-in connections from the neutral electrode


sockets at X4 and X6.

- Disconnect plug-in connections from the monopolar socket at


JPX1, X10 and X11.

- Disconnect plug-in connections from the bipolar socket at


JPX6 and JPX7.

- Remove 11x 10449 screws using screwdriver, and 1x 10529


spacer bolt using socket wrench.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

Assembly:
Reassemble by reversing the steps described above for disas-
sembly.

Cable Control Mating connector slot


number board
slot
70158 J3 Power board J3
70060 JPC2 Power board JPC1
70199 X4 Neutral electrode socket (left)
70199 X6 Neutral electrode socket (right)
70076 X7 Power board X4
70076 X8 Power board X5
70198 JPX1 Monopolar socket (left)
70198 X10 Monopolar socket (centre)
70198 X11 Monopolar socket (right)
70165 JPX2 Power board X2
70165 JPX3 Power board X3
Power board X6
70076 JPX4
(10853 spade connector)
Power board X7
70076 JPX5
(10853 spade connector)
70197 JPX6 Bipolar socket (left)
70197 JPX7 Bipolar socket (right)
70163 J4 Front panel voltage supply
70164 JPC3 Front panel data connection
70212 Soldered Autostart board JP2
70161 J2 Footswitch socket incl. cable
70162 JP6 LWL board

CAUTION
 After changing the component, carry out a complete calibration
of the unit!

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.7. Autostart board

Figure 7-6: Autostart board

Tools required:
- Socket wrench, size 5.5

Disassembly:
- Disconnect the plug-in connector on the autostart board.

- Remove 4x M3 nuts (10467) using a socket wrench.

Assembly:
Reassemble by reversing the steps described above for disas-
sembly.

CAUTION
 After changing the component, carry out a complete functional
and activation test!
 Test the autostart function!

Cable Autostart board Mating connector slot


number slot
70212 JP2 Soldered control board
Power board X6
70075 JP3
(10853 spade connector)
Power board X7
70165 JP4
(10853 spade connector)

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.8. Potential equalisation connection

Ring nut

Serrated lock washer

Washer Nut

Figure 7-7: Potential equalisation connection

Tools required:
- 2 open-ended spanners, size 10
- Socket wrench, size 10
- Installation wrench

Disassembly:
- Remove nut 10347 (M6) using open-ended spanner and de-
tach earth protection cables 70064 and 70065.

- Remove ring nut 10347 using installation wrench.

Assembly:
- Screw the potential equalisation connection 10347 to the
back plate with the ring-nut and the installation wrench.

- Assembly sequence: Nut 10347 (M6), washer 10347, earth


protection cable 70064, earth protection cable 70065, washer
10347, serrated lock washer 10347, nut 10347 (M6).

- Screw the two nuts firmly together against each other.

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7 Removal and installation of parts

7.9. Connector socket

Figure 7-8: Connector socket

Tools required:
- Crosshead screwdriver (Philips)
- Socket wrench, size 5.5

Disassembly:
- Unlock the fuse holder 10349 by pressing the locking tab,
and check the mains fuses.

- Detach cable 70068, protective earth cable 70065 and 2x


70081 cables. Cable 70081 is unlocked by applying localised
pressure to the locking tab on the terminal.

- Remove 2x 10467 safety nuts (M3) and 2x 10461 screws


together, using the socket wrench and screwdriver.

- Remove the connector socket 11058.

Assembly:

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7 Removal and installation of parts

- Fit mains fuses in the fuse holder 10349 and insert this into
the connector socket 11058.

- Insert connector socket 11058 into the back plate.

- Screw the connector socket 11058, 2x 10470 washers and


2x 10467 safety nuts (M3) together using the screwdriver and
the socket wrench.

- Connect cables 70065, 70068 and 2x 70081 cables to the


connector socket as shown in the diagram.

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8 Parts list

8. Parts list
Comp. No. Component Specification
10319 Fuse 8 A slow blow
10347 Potential equalisation connection POAG-ID6
10348 Mains input socket
10349 Fuse holder 5 mm x 20 mm
10449 Torx screw M3-6Z4
10460 Torx screw DIN 965 M4x10
10461 Torx screw DIN 965 M3x16
10463 Torx screw DIN 7982 4.2 x 9.5 A
10467 Safety nut DIN 985 M3
10543 4 A fuse 4 A slow blow
10647 Cover
10665 Power supply unit
10667 Control board plate
10668 Power board plate
10703 Control board insulating foil
10704 Power board insulating foil
10705 Cover insulating foil
10708 Spacer
10800 Self-tapping oval head screw M3 x 25
10844 Autostart board insulating foil
70060 Cable
70064 Cable
70065 Cable
70068 Cable
70076 Cable
70081 Cable
70099 LWL board
70128 Front panel
70135 Front frame
70136 Back plate
70150 Control board
70151 Power board
70158 Cable
70159 Cable
70160 Cable
70161 Footswitch socket
70163 Cable

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8 Parts list

Comp. No. Component Specification


70164 Cable
70165 Cable
70166 Cable
70197 Bipolar socket
70198 Monopolar socket
70199 NE socket
70200 Autostart board
70212 Cable

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9 Technical specifications

9. Technical specifications

The technical specifications in their entirety are included in the


User Manual.

Insulation type / Classification


EMC IEC 60601-1-2: 2001
Level of protection provided by housing IP 21
Protection class as per EN 60601-1 I
Type of applied part as per EN 60601-1 CF
Compliance with standards IEC 60601-1: 1988,
IEC 60601-1-A1: 1991,
IEC 60601-1-A2: 1995,

IEC 60601-1-1: 2000 (in


conjunction with ARC
PLUS)

IEC 60601-2-2: 1998,

ISO 14971: 2000

Classification as per EC Directive IIb


93/42/EEC
Mains connection
Power consumption in standby mode 25 VA
Mains frequency 50/60 Hz
Maximum power consumption with 300 500 VA
W HF output power
Connection for potential equalisation Yes
Voltage range: 230 V
Input voltage range 198 V to 260 V
Current consumption in standby mode 110 mA
Current consumption at maximum 3.2 A
HF output
Mains fuse 2 x 4 A slow blow
Voltage range 100 V, 115 V
Input voltage range 90 V to 130 V
Current consumption in standby mode 220 mA
Current consumption at maximum 6.4 A
HF output
Mains fuse 2 x 8 A slow blow

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9 Technical specifications

Dimensions and weight


External dimensions: width x height x 430 x 150 x 400
depth (mm)
Weight Approx. 10 kg

Programs
Number of programs in the unit 100
Standard programs, factory set 
Individually programmable 
Program number and information shown 
on the display

Monitoring of the neutral electrode


EASY: Electrode Application System 
Indicator for one-piece or split electrode 
on the front panel
Display of contact resistance between 
the individual surfaces (CQM) of split
neutral electrodes
Display of lead resistance when using a 
one-piece neutral electrode (CM continu-
ity monitor)
Max. resistance between the individual 999 ohms
surfaces of split electrodes (CQM)
Max. permissible resistance between the 220 ohms
individual surfaces of the sections of split
electrodes
Warning signal in the event of risk under visual, acoustic
the neutral electrode
Warning as text on the display 

Safety features
ISSys: Integrated security system 
Continuous monitoring of the HF leakage 
current with error messages
Monitoring of the dosage; error message 
on the display
Continuous self-test 
Continuous status indication on the dis- 
play
Display of operating errors 
Display of system errors 

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9 Technical specifications

Documentation
Recording and storage of data in the unit 
Error statuses 
Operating errors 
Retrieval of this data via the display 

Communication
External interface for communication 
with ARC PLUS
External PC interface using BOWA soft- ––
ware
Service support using BOWA software ––

Service support
Service support integrated in the unit via 
service programs
Service support via ISSys 

Cooling
Convection 
Temperature-controlled fan ––

Operating mode
Intermittent 10 sec / 30 sec
(on/off)

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

10. APPENDIX TSI test record

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

10.1. Test instructions for TSI


Equipment required:
 HF power meter, e.g. Metron QA-ES II
 Safety tester, e.g. Metron QA 90MK II Safety Analyser
 Digital multimeter
 Resistance decade 1 % (max. 5 %)
 Footswitch and fingerswitch
 Measurement and test leads with 4 mm connectors

Key to symbols

Mains voltage Protective earth

Protective earth
L, N Mains connection PE
terminal

Power supply unit Applied part


(MAINS PART) (Applied Part)

Applied part type AP1 Applied part with


F AP2 different func-
tions
Internal re- Optional
sistance safety ……. connection
tester
Insulation
Ohmmeter
(Measuring De- resistance meter
vice)
Housing with no Connection to
protective earth electrically
connection conductive parts

Figure 10-1: Symbols

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

10.1.1. Visual inspection

1. Check the electrosurgical unit and accessories for visible


external damage.
2. Check the legibility of labels, CE marks and rating plate 35.
3. Make sure that the fuses in the power input socket 37 corre-
spond to the prescribed rating on the rating plate 35.
4. Ensure that potential equalisation cable and connection 36
are in place and operational.
5. Ensure that the User Manual is to hand.
 The electrosurgical unit is now checked for visual defects.

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

10.1.2. Functional test

Displays and control lamps


Displays and control lamps are tested in menu program 9 “Panel
Check”.

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Switch on the electrosurgical unit with  Display 15 shows the type description
program key 17 activated. and current software version.
 Display 2 now reads “Sno”.
 Display 9 shows the current software
version.
 Display 22 shows the abbreviation for
the setup language.
2.  Select menu program 9 with program –
keys 16 and 17.
3.  Press key 4 to start the program.  All displays and control lamps light up.
Now compare these with Figure 10-1-
2.
 When switching (all displays on / off),
a confirmation signal is given.
4.  End menu program 9 by switching the –
electrosurgical unit off and on again.

Figure 10-1-2: Functional test of displays and control lamps

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

Activation of Monopolar Cut / Coag (socket 30)

No. Action Test criterion


1.  If symbol 25 is lit:  Symbol 25 goes out.
 Allocate the footswitch to socket 30 by
pressing key 25.
2.  Connect the handgrip to socket 30  –
3.  Connect the NE connection cable 
(shorting connector) to neutral electrode
socket 28.
4.  Activate socket 30.  Display and audible signal are acti-
vated:
 Cut with fingerswitch: LED 1 yellow
 Coag with fingerswitch: LED 8 blue
 Cut with double-pedal footswitch: LED
1 yellow
 Coag with single or double-pedal
footswitch: LED 8 blue
5.  Activate socket 30 without shorting con-  Display of an alarm signal and infor-
nector in neutral electrode socket 28. mation message INF 100 in displays
2 and 9.

Activation of Bipolar Coag (socket 31)

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Connect the footswitch to socket 32.  –
2.  Connect a bipolar instrument to sock-  –
et 31.
3.  If symbol 25 is not lit:  Symbol 25 lights up.
 Allocate the footswitch to socket 31 by
pressing key 25.
4.  Activate socket 31.  Display and audible signal are acti-
vated:
 Coag with single or double-pedal
footswitch: LED 21 blue

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

Simultaneous operation of footswitch and fingerswitch not


possible

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Connect the footswitch to socket 32. –

2.  Connect the handgrip to socket 30. –

3.  Connect the NE connection cable –


(shorting connector) to neutral electrode
socket 28.
4. If symbol 25 is lit:  Symbol 25 goes out.
 Allocate the footswitch to socket 30 by
pressing key 25.
5.  Activate socket 30 using fingerswitch Display and audible signal are activated:
and footswitch alternately.  Cut with fingerswitch: LED 1 yellow
 Coag with fingerswitch: LED 8 blue
 Cut with double-pedal footswitch:
LED 1 yellow
 Coag with single or double-pedal
footswitch: LED 8 blue
6.  Operate the fingerswitch and the Display of alarm signal and error message
footswitch, or both pedals of the INF 49 in displays 2 and 9 (at the end of
footswitch activation, another activation signal is giv-
simultaneously. en for the same socket).

Touch monitor – Autostart function

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Connect the bipolar cable to socket 31. –
2.  Connect both ends of the measuring
lead to the variable resistance RL of the
HF power meter.
Power meter for electrosurgery

3.  Press the autostart key 26. –


4.  Switch on a resistance RL of 500 Ω. “Bipolar Coag” mode is activated automat-
ically:
 Activation signal sounds
 LED 21 blue
5.  Increase the resistance RL, until the The electrosurgical unit is no longer acti-
electrosurgical unit “Bipolar Coag” mode vated for values of 1000 ... 1100 Ω
is no longer activated.

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

Communications interface ARC PLUS (optional)

 Connect the fibre optic cable of the two devices from the
transmit connection to the receive connection respectively.

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Connect the communication interfaces –
of the ARC 200 / 250 / 300e
to the ARC PLUS with fibre optic ca-
bles.
2.  Connect the argon gas bottles to the ARC PLUS display: “Full / Empty”
ARC PLUS via gas input sockets 1
and/or 2.
3.  Select ARC 200 / 250 / 300e Display 15 reads: “ArcPLUS Online”.
program 5 “Argon”.
4.  Activate socket 30. –

 Display at ARC PLUS and ARC 200 / 250 / 300e


Activation ARC PLUS display Display ARC 200 / 250 / 300e
Cut with fingerswitch Cut: yellow LED Cut-Flow: LED 1 yellow
Coag with fingerswitch Coag: blue LED Coag-Flow: LED 8 blue

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10.1.3. EASY neutral electrode monitoring

- With a resistance decade at a maximum of 5% deviation, the


required limit values are set and connected to neutral elec-
trode socket 28 of the unit.

- Check whether the corresponding symbol lights up or flashes


to indicate that the correct neutral electrode has been detect-
ed.

No. Action Test criterion

1.  Connect the resistance decade


(shown in the figure on the right) to
neutral electrode socket 28 of the
electrosurgical unit.
Resistance decade max. 5%

2.  Set a resistance of Symbol 20 for split neutral electrodes


between 8…15 Ω. starts to glow green.

3.  Set a resistance of Symbol 20 for split neutral electrodes


between 120…160 Ω. starts to blink yellow.
Important:

Between the individual settings, discon-


nect the resistance decade each time
from the neutral electrode socket, and re-
establish the connection when the new
resistance value is set.

4.  Connect the resistance decade with a Symbol 20 for split neutral electrodes
setting of 50 Ω to neutral electrode starts to blink yellow.
socket 28 of the electrosurgical unit.
Symbol 20 for split neutral electrodes
now starts to glow green.
Now gradually increase the re- Note
sistance of the resistance decade to
75 Ω / ±10%. This measurement detects and displays
a change in the resistance of the neutral
electrode.

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5.  Set a resistance of between Symbol 20 for split neutral electrodes


180…220 Ω. starts to blink red and subsequently
goes out.
 neutral electrode detached

Display of alarm signal and error mes-


sage INF 100 in displays 2 and 9 if acti-
vated when red.

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10.1.4. Measuring the HF output power


Cutting / Coagulation

Checking the monopolar output power


1. Connect resistance RL of the HF power meter to the neutral
electrode socket 28 and the active output of socket 30.

Power meter for electrosurgery

Figure 10-2: Connection of ARC 200 / 250 / 300e to check the


monopolar output power in Cut or Coagulation mode

2. Set up the required resistance RL and the required parame-


ters on the electrosurgical unit (program, blend, power).
3. Activate the electrosurgical unit using the fingerswitch or the
footswitch.
4. Record the output power in the TSI report.

CUT/ Monopolar
Program name Blend RL Power
COAG socket
500 300 W ±
CUT Standard – Cut 9 30
Ω 20%
Standard – Forced / Mixed COAG 500 120 W ±
COAG – 30
Mode Ω 20%
500 75 W ±
COAG Standard – Forced / Cutting Mode – 30
Ω 20%
Standard – Forced / Non-cutting 500 120 W ±
COAG – 30
Mode Ω 20%
500 120 W ±
COAG Standard – Spray – 30
Ω 20%
120 W ±
COAG Standard – Moderate – 75 Ω 30
20%
500 120 W ±
COAG Argon Flex (optional) – 30
Ω 20%

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Checking the bipolar output power


1. Connect the resistance RL of the HF power meter to sock-
et 31 using a suitable bipolar cable.

Power meter for electrosurgery

Figure 10-3: Connection of ARC 200 / 250 / 300e to check bipolar


output power in Coagulation mode

2. Set up the required resistance R L and the required power in


the electrosurgical unit in the program “Standard”.
3. Activate the Electrosurgical unit using the footswitch.
4. Record the output power in the TSI report.

CUT/ Monopolar Bipolar


Program name Blend RL Power
COAG socket socket
COAG Standard – Bipolar 75 Ω 120 W ± 20% – 31

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10.1.5. Electrical tests

The electrical safety test as per IEC62353:2007 must always be


performed in service program 24 “Safety Check”.

Start service program 24 “Safety Check”

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Switch on the electrosurgical unit with  Display 2 now reads “Sno”.
program key 17 activated.  Display 9 shows the current software
version.
 Display 22 shows the abbreviation for
the setup language.
2.  Press the autostart key 26. –

3.  Press key 5.  Display 15 now reads “Key”.


 Display 2 now reads “InP”.
4.  Press key 24. –
5.  Press key 12. The electrosurgical unit is now in advanced
test mode, display 15 reads “Advanced Ser-
vice”.
6.  Select service program 24 “Safety –
Check” with program keys 16 and 17.
7.  Press key 4 to start the program. Display 15 reads “Safety Check On”
“Mono. Sinewave Mode“.
8.  Measure the patient leakage currents –
and contact currents (unit leakage cur-
rents).
9.  Press key 5 to change the operating Display 15 reads “Safety Check On”
mode. “Mono. Spray Mode”.
10.  Measure the patient leakage currents –
and contact currents (unit leakage cur-
rents).
11.  Press key 5 to change the operating Display 15 reads “Safety Check On”
mode. “Bipolar Mode”.
12.  Measure the patient leakage currents –
and contact currents (unit leakage cur-
rents).

 Always end this program with key 3, as otherwise the unit will
be in service program 24 when it is switched on again.

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Measuring protective earth conductor resistance

CAUTION
Risk of injury due to electric shock!
 For this measurement, disconnect the electrosurgical unit
from the power supply.

Figure 10-4: Measurement circuit for measuring PE conductor


resistance in as per IEC 601-1 / IEC 62353:2007

Measure the PE conductor resistance between the power cable


and the potential equalisation connection “36”.

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Measuring contact current (equipment leakage current)

CAUTION
Risk of injury due to electric shock!
 Isolate the electrosurgical unit.

 The measurement is carried out using service program 24


“Safety Check”, with mains voltage applied and, wherever
possible, in both positions of the power plug.

 If measurement is possible in both positions of the power


plug, record the higher value.

Figure 10-5: Measurement circuit for measuring the unit’s leakage current as per IEC
62353:2007

Figure 10-6: Explanation of installation as shown in Figure 10-5

Connect up all application connections and the potential equalisa-


tion connection, and measure the unit leakage current and con-
tact current.

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Measuring patient leakage current

 The measurement is carried out using service program 24


“Safety Check”, with mains voltage applied and, wherever
possible, in both positions of the power plug.

Figure 10-7: Measurement circuit for measuring patient leakage current –


mains voltage on type F application part as per IEC 62353:2007

Figure 10-8: Explanation of installation as shown in Figure 10-7

Connect up all application connections and measure the patient


leakage current against the protective earth and the potential
equalisation connection.

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Measuring DC resistance

 The measurement is carried out using service program 24


“Safety Check”, and with mains voltage applied.
 The measurement is carried out with a direct voltage of
500 V DC between the active monopolar socket of the elec-
trosurgical unit and the neutral electrode, both in “Mono. Sin-
ewave Mode” and in “Mono. Spray Mode”.
 The measurement is carried out with a direct voltage of
500 V DC at the bipolar socket of the electrosurgical unit in
“Bipolar mode”.

Test unit (safety tester)

Figure 10-9: Measurement circuit for measuring the DC resistance between the active
monopolar outputs of application part type F and the neutral electrode

Figure 10-10: Measurement circuit for measuring the DC resistance of the bipolar
output of application part Type F.

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

10.2. Instructions for service program 11 “Cali-


bration”
Equipment required:
 HF power meter, e.g. Metron QA-ES II
 Digital multimeter
 Connecting cable for neutral electrode and monopolar socket
 Connecting cable for bipolar socket
 Double-pedal footswitch

10.2.1. Call up service program 11 “Calibration”

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Switch on the electrosurgical unit with  Display 2 now reads “Sno”.
program key 17 activated.  Display 9 shows the current software
version.
 Display 22 shows the abbreviation for
the setup language.
2.  Press the autostart key 26. –
3.  Press key 5.  Display 15 now reads “Key”.
 Display 2 now reads “InP”.
4.  Press key 11. –
5.  Press key 12. The electrosurgical unit is now in advanced
test mode, display 15 reads “Advanced Ser-
vice”.
6.  Select service program 11 “Calibra- –
tion” with program keys 16 and 17.

In the calibration steps described below, it is necessary


to save parameters.
Saving is generally performed by pressing key 13 during the
respective activation.

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10.2.2. Power supply setup

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Connect the digital multimeter (DC –
voltage measuring range up to 400 V)
to JP721 (GND) and JP720 (V+) on
the
power board.
2.  Press key 4 to start the service pro-  Display 2 reads “PS”.
gram.  Display 15 reads “Power Supply”.
3.  Connect the footswitch to socket 32 Display 22 shows the correction factor.
and press the yellow footswitch pedal.
4.  Using keys 3 and 4, set the voltage so In display 22, the correction factor changes.
that the digital multimeter reads
150 V.
5.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22. The HF power that results
from this is shown in display 9.
6.  Press the yellow footswitch pedal The values displayed on the digital multime-
again. ter and on display 9 should now be identical.
7.  Remove the digital multimeter. –

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10.2.3. Monopolar setup

Monopolar voltage setup


Setup of first voltage range
No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 5.  Display 15 reads “Mono. Calib.”
 Display 7 reads “1”.
2.  Set a resistance of 500 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Connect the HF power meter to neu- –
tral electrode socket 28 and socket 30
(the “Var.Load” sockets on the HF
power meter).
4.  Press the yellow footswitch. –
5.  Note the power reading on the HF –
power meter.
6.  Set the value to 120 W with keys 3 –
and 4.
7.  Press key 13 to save and terminate The setup parameter is accepted and
the action. shown in display 22. The HF power that
results from this is shown in display 9.
8.  Press the yellow footswitch pedal The values displayed on the HF power me-
again. ter and on display 9 should now be identical.

Setup of second voltage range


No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 25 to change the range.  Display 7 still reads “1”.
 Key 25 lights up.
2.  Set the value to 120 W with keys 3 –
and 4.
3.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22. The HF power that results
from this is shown in display 9.
4.  Press the yellow footswitch pedal The values displayed on the HF power me-
again. ter and on display 9 should now be identical.
5.  Press key 25 to exit the range. Key 25 goes out.

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Current setup
Setup of high current range
No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 5. Display 7 reads “2”.
2.  Set a resistance of 50 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Press the yellow footswitch. –
4.  Note the current reading on the HF –
power meter.
5.  Set a value of 1540 mA using keys 10 –
and 11.
6.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22. The HF current that results
from this is shown in display 9.
7.  Press the yellow footswitch pedal The values displayed on the HF power me-
again. ter and on display 9 should now be identical.

Setup of low current range


No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 26 to change the range.  Display 7 still reads “2”.
 Key 26 lights up.
2.  Set a resistance of 50 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Press the yellow footswitch. –

4.  Note the current reading on the HF –


power meter.
5.  Set a value of 500 mA using keys 10 –
and 11.
6.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22. The HF current that results
from this is shown in display 9.
7.  Press the yellow footswitch pedal The values displayed on the HF power me-
again. ter and on display 9 should now be identical.
8.  Press key 26 to exit the range. Key 26 goes out.

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

IHF1–IHF2 comparison

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Press key 12.  Display 7 reads “4”.
 You are in the high current range of
1500 mA.
2.  Press the yellow footswitch and com- Both values correspond to the HF power
pare the values in display 15 (current meter current of 1500 mA ± 10 %.
sensor IHF1 and current sensor
IHF2).
3.  Press key 12 several times.  Display 7 reads “2”.
4.  Press key 26  Key 26 lights up.
5.  Press key 12 once  Display 7 reads “4”.
 You are now in the low current range of
500 mA.
6.  Press the yellow footswitch and com- Both values correspond to the HF power
pare the values in display 15 (current meter current of 500 mA ± 10 %.
sensor I_HF:1 and current sensor
I_HF:2).

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10.2.4. Bipolar setup

Setup of bipolar voltage


Setup of first voltage range
No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 5.  Display 15 reads “Bip. Calibr.”
 Display 7 reads “1”.
2.  Set a resistance of 100 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Connect the HF power meter to sock- –
et 31 (the two external holes) (the
“Var.Load” sockets on the HF power
meter).
4.  Press the blue footswitch. –

5.  Note the power reading on the HF –


power meter.
6.  Set the value to 100 W with keys 3 –
and 4.
7.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and
nate the activation. shown in display 22.
8.  Press the blue footswitch pedal again. Check that the HF power meter reads 100
W.

Current setup
Setup of high current range
No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 12. Display 7 reads “2”.
2.  Set a resistance of 50 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Press the blue footswitch. –
4.  Note the current reading on the HF –
power meter.
5.  Set a value of 1500 mA using keys 10 –
and 11.
6.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22.
7.  Press the blue footswitch pedal again. Check that the HF power meter reads 1500
mA.

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10 APPENDIX TSI test record

Setup of low current range


No. Action Test criterion
1.  Press key 26 to change the range.  Display 7 still reads “2”.
 Key 26 lights up.
2.  Set a resistance of 50 Ω on the HF –
power meter.
3.  Press the blue footswitch. –

4.  Note the current reading on the HF –


power meter.
5.  Set the value to 500 mA using keys –
10 and 11.
6.  Press key 13 to save and then termi- The setup parameter is accepted and shown
nate the activation. in display 22. The HF current that results
from this is shown in display 9.

7.  Press the blue footswitch pedal again. Check that the HF power meter reads 500
mA.

8.  Press key 26 to exit the range.  Key 26 goes out.

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IHF1–IHF2 comparison

No. Action Test criterion


1.  Press key 12  Display 7 reads “4“
 You are in the high current range of
1500 mA.
2.  Press the blue footswitch and com-  Both values correspond to the HF pow-
pare the values in display 15 (current er meter current of 1500 mA ± 10 %.
sensor IHF1 and current sensor
IHF2).
3.  Press key 12 several times.  Display 7 reads “2”.
4.  Press key 26  Key 26 lights up.
5.  Press key 12 once  Display 7 reads “4”
 You are now in the low current range of
500 mA.
6.  Press the blue footswitch and com-  Both values correspond to the HF pow-
pare the values in display 15 (current er meter current of 500 mA ± 10 %.
sensor I_HF:1 and current sensor
I_HF:2).

 The unit setup is now complete, terminate the program by


pressing key 6 or switch off the equipment.

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Copyright by BOWA-electronic, Gomaringen │ Germany
Subject to technical and design changes
900-301_SM_V1.08_10715-S2-20111024-EN

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