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Physics

Name __________________________________________ Date _______________

1. The diagram shows a part of a hydraulic system, which lies horizontally. A force is
applied to piston P which creates a pressure in the fluid and generates a larger
force at Q.

P Q

Area 3.62 x 10-4 m2


Area 6.25 X 10-2 m2

a) Calculate the pressure generated in the liquid by P if the input force is force at P
is 250N

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b) What is the pressure throughout the liquid?

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c) Using your answer from (a) above calculate the force output at Q.

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2. A solid block, weighing 200 N, has the following dimensions: 1.0 m x 0.5 m x 0.3 m.
a) What is the pressure it can exert on the largest surface?

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b) What is the pressure is can exert on the smallest surface?

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c) How much weight/force is required to give a pressure of 5000 Pa in each of
the following situations?
i. A child standing on a raft with an area of 0.05 m 2.

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ii. A table with four legs totaling an area of 0.01 m2.

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iii. A quad bike with four wheels totalling an area of 0.36 m 2.

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3. The diagram below shows trapped in a cylinder by a piston is kept under pressure
by a load.

a) Describe how the pressure in the cylinder is caused by air molecules.

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b) The load is increased.
i. State what happens to the piston.

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ii. State what happens to the pressure in the cylinder and give a reason for
your answer.

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4. A piece of copper which has a density of 8.96g/cm3 is placed in water. The water
has a density of 1.0g/cm3. When the copper is placed in the water 63.5 cm3 of
water is displaced.
a) Wil the copper sink or float in the water?
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b) What is the volume of water displaced by the copper?
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c) Calculate the mass of water displaced by the copper.

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d) Determine the weight of water displaced by the copper. (100g =1N)

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e) What is the up-thrust experienced by the copper in water.

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