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Republic Philippines

Philippines

Central Luzon State University

Central Luzon State University

Muñoz, Nueva Ecija

Science City of Muñoz, Nueva Ecija

College of Engineering

ENGR 323

DETERMINATION OF CENTER OF

GRAVITY OF FLOATING BODY

(Laboratory Exercise No. 2)

Ryan Jay H. Juan

BSABE 3-1

SUBMITTED TO:

Submitted to:

Engr. Roy Dela Cruz

INSTRUCTOR

I. INTRODUCTION

Archimedes’ principle states that the upward buoyant force that exerted on a body

immersed in a fluid, whether fully or partially submerged, is equal to the weight of the fluid that

the body diplaces and acts on the upward direction at the center of mass of the displaced fluid.

Archimedes of Syracuse.

Center of gravity is the point through which the entire weight of the body seems to act

which depends on the shape and mass distribution. Center of gravity of a spherical rubber ball is

When a body is immersed partially or completely in a liquid, it displaces some portion of the

liquid. The center of gravity of that section of fluid is called center of buoyancy which definitely

The point at which the weight of the displaced liquid appear to act is the center of buoyancy.

The difference between center of gravity and center of buoyancy is that, center of gravity

pertains to the certain point of a body where it’s weight is concentrated (it doesn’t change at all,

unless you change the body physically), while the center of buoyancy is the point where the

buoyant force acts in the body which is subjected to change whenever the body moves.

In the table below, the formulas for locating the center of gravity of a material are listed.

Table 1: Location of the Center of Gravity of Typical Areas

FIGURE Xg Yg

II. OBJECTIVES

1. To locate analytically the position of the center of gravity of each part of FME-11.

IV. PROCEDURE

Support of the axis

4. We measured the distance from the geometrical center of each one of the previous

5. We measured the distance from the geo metrical center of each one of the previous

7. We calculated the weight of each element using the given density for each type of

material.

8. We measured the values of Xg and Yg of each element using the given axis in the front

9. We calculated the center of gravity of the unit following the principle of moment of

(kg/m3) (cm) (cm) (cm) (m3) (kg) (cm) (cm)

Base 1190 34.5 0.5 20.5 3.54×10- 0.42 10.25 17.25

4

Front side 1190 19.5 0.5 7.5 7.31×10- 0.09 9.75 3.75

5

Rear side 1190 19.5 0.5 7.5 7.31×10- 0.09 9.75 3.75

5

Right side 1190 34.5 0.5 7.5 1.29×10- 0.15 10.25 3.75

4

Left side 1190 34.5 0.5 7.5 1.29×10- 0.15 10.25 3.75

4

5

5

the axis

Vertical axis 7850 45 1 1 4.5×10-5 0.35 0.5 22.5

Horizontal 7850 21 0.815 0.815 1.40×10- 0.11 10.5 0.4075

5

axis

We measured the dimensions of its parts and tabulated them on the table above. Since the

given data are the density and their dimensions of each materials, we have to compute for the

remaining data.

I calculated the volume of each material by multiplying its width by its length, and by its

height and then I converted the answer to cubic meters. The weight is equal to the product of the

The centroid or the center of gravity is calculated by simply dividing the summation of

moments by the total mass. The other way to find it is by getting the half of the object’s length

and width.

Since some materials have same dimensions, their center of gravity is both located at the

same point in their body, just like the results of the front and rear side, and the left and right side,

where the Xg=10.25 cm and Yg=17.25 cm, and Xg=9.75 cm and Yg=3.75 cm, respectively.

VII. CONCLUSION

Different bodies have different dimensions, shapes and densities. The point at which the weight

These factors affect the location of their centroid. Determining the center of gravity helps

you to identify where their weight is concentrated and the point to balance them. This is an

essential concept when designing different equipment or projects wherein balance is a critical

factor to consider. The ability to determine the center of gravity is very important because it is a

factor that affects the design of a material and for safety purposes.

REFERENCES:

http://www.netfind.com/vertical?s_pt=aolsem&s_it=content&type=content&s_chn=404&s_dto=

p&s_gl=US&q=archimedes%20law%20of%20buoyancy

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

https:/ /en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouyancy

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

https://www.britannica.com/science/Archimedes-principle

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

https://physics.weber.edu/carroll/archimedes/principle.htm

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

http://www.otenmaritime.com/stability/centre-of-gravity-and-centre-of-buoyancy

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/centre-gravity-buoyancy-d_1286.html

Date Retrieved: February 28, 2018

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