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RVS PADHMAVATHY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

RVS Nagar, Thiruvallur Dist – 601 202

Question Bank

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNIUCATION

EC6011 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY

Regulation: 2013
Academic Year: 2016 – 2017 (Odd Semester)

Prepared By:
Mr. N.Vasanthakumar, AP

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Unit I -BASIC THEORY
Introduction to EMI and EMC, Intra and inter system EMI, Elements of Interference, Sources and Victims of EMI,
Conducted and Radiated EMI emission and susceptibility, Case Histories, Radiation hazards to humans, Various
issues of EMC, EMC Testing categories, EMC Engineering Application.

Part- A (2 Marks)
Q.No Questions BT Domain
Level
1. Analyse the need for electromagnetic compatibility. BTL‐4 Analyzing
2. Write some of the testing strategies in EMC. BTL‐1 Remembering
3. Identify the three criteria to be satisfied by any system to become BTL‐1 Remembering
electromagnetically compatible.
4. Discuss the steps to prevent emission that causes the EMI in a system. BTL‐2 Understanding

5. Why is EMI a vital problem? BTL‐1 Remembering

6. We feel electric shock at times, when we touch TV and Computer monitors. BTL‐2 Understanding
Give the reason.
7. List the sources of EMI BTL‐1 Remembering

8. Give the explanation about the conducted coupling of EMI. BTL‐2 Understanding

9. Explain why a bike started or a mixie under running condition disturbs a TV BTL‐2 Understanding
receivers functioning.
10. Where is a decoupling capacitor used? Why? BTL‐1 Remembering

11. Illustrate various types of radiation coupling in EMI. BTL‐3 Applying

12. Choose which coupling happens directly between the emitter and receptor. BTL‐3 Applying

13. What is the possibility to develop circuit models of EMI with correct reason. BTL‐3 Applying

14. Criticise on the two factors that tend to affect the amount of interference that BTL‐5 Evaluating
would otherwise be transmitted along a conducted path.
15. Define EMI and EMC. BTL‐1 Remembering
16. List some of the EMC applications. BTL‐4 Analyzing

17. Classify EMI/EMC. BTL‐4 Analyzing


18. Summarise the effect of EMI on secured communications. BTL‐5 Evaluating

19. What would happen if the coupling path is not properly shielded? Justify BTL‐6 Creating

20. How can the hazards due to radiation be reduced or prevented? BTL‐6 Creating

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Part-B (16 Marks)

1. (i) Write short notes on EMI Testing categories (10) BTL‐1 Remembering
(ii) What are the various parameters of measurement? Give their relevant
units.
(6)
2. (i) List out all the sources and victims of EMI? (6) BTL‐1 Remembering
(ii) Write notes on each sources and victims with examples. (10)
3. (i) What is an intersystem EMI? How does it affect an equipment in an EM BTL‐1 Remembering
environment? (8)
(ii) Select and write about the case histories related to intersystem EMI. (8)
4. (i) What is an intrasystem EMI? How does it affect an equipment in an EM BTL‐1 Remembering
environment? (8)
(ii) Write about the case histories related to intersystem EMI. (8)
5. (i) Distinguish between the features of conducted EMI and radiated EMI.(8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Explain the interference elements present in an EMI system (8)
6. (i) Give an account on radiation hazards. (8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Explain in detail the conducted EMI and radiated EMI with examples. (8)

7. (i) Identify how a conducted emission occurs in an EM environment. (8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Explain the tests performed for the conducted susceptibility. (8)

8. (i) Illustrate proper industrial citations to explain the significance of EMI in a BTL‐3 Applying
system design. (8)
(ii) Show how celestial bodies act as a source of EMI (8)
9. (i) Select a proper testing methodology for Radiation emissions and BTL‐3 Applying
susceptibility. Explain. (8)
(ii) Interpret the lightning discharge as a source of EMI. (8)
10. (i) Analyze how an electrostatic discharges occur. (8) BTL ‐ 4 Analyzing
(ii) Investigate on details of how an EMI is caused by radiation Hazards.(8)

11. (i) Explain the measurement performed for the conducted emission? (8) BTL ‐ 4 Analyzing
(ii) Examine the role of Decoupling capacitors in digital IC’s. (8)
12. (i) Analyze the various issues of EMC in brief (6)
(ii) How does the conduction emission occur in Switched mode power BTL ‐ 4 Analyzing
supply. Discuss about the common mode noise in SMPS.
(10)
13. Consider the past historical facts. Criticize on the impact of radio BTL‐5 Evaluating
communication. Also discuss the role of electromagnetic susceptibility and
compatibility in it. (16)
14. Generate suitable examples to explain the intentional and unintentional BTL‐6 Creating
electromagnetic emissions during operation of various equipments. How to
control them? (16)
UNIT II COUPLING MECHANISMS

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Electromagnetic field sources and Coupling paths, Coupling via the supply network, Common mode coupling,
Differential mode coupling, Impedance coupling, Inductive and Capacitive coupling, Radiative coupling, Ground
loop coupling, Cable related emissions and coupling, Transient sources, Automotive transients.
Sl.No. PART-A (2 Marks) BT
Domain Level
1. List out the types of coupling between cables. BTL‐1 Remembering
2. Define Ground coupled Interference. BTL‐1 Remembering
3. Draw the elements of interference in a basic system with source and receptor. BTL‐1 Remembering
4. What is transient coupling? BTL‐1 Remembering

5. Draw common mode and differential mode coupling in circuits. BTL‐1 Remembering
6. Describe the effect of cross talk with reference to EMI/EMC design issues. BTL‐2 Understanding
7. Give suitable explanation for ‘Ground’ with respect to working on electrical BTL‐2 Understanding
gadgets.
8. Express the impacts of electromagnetic emission. BTL‐2 Understanding
9. Discuss the way by which one can avoid power mains interference. BTL‐2 Understanding
10. Illustrate the steps in the procedure to analyze EMP susceptibility. BTL‐3 Applying
11. What would happen if conductive transfer occurs? BTL‐6 Creating
12. Classify the factors that the noise voltage developed in a closed loop, depend BTL‐3 Applying
on.
13. Criticize the need of ground loop coupling. BTL‐5 Evaluating
14. Explain Automotive transient. BTL‐4 Analyzing
15. Analyze the drawbacks of various coupling mechanisms. BTL‐4 Analyzing
16. Explain power supply and power main coupling. BTL‐4 Analyzing
17. Combine the effect of radiation and conduction coupling and discuss its BTL‐6 Creating
effect.
18. Define LISN. BTL‐1 Remembering
19. Point out the important techniques to control EMI at source point. BTL‐3 Applying
20. Explain how the field coupling affects the system? BTL‐5 Evaluating
Sl.No. PART-B (16 Marks) BT Domain
Level
1 (i) What are the electromagnetic field sources found in an electromagnetic BTL‐1 Remembering
environment? Discuss. (8)
(ii) Define coupling. What are the types of coupling encountered in an EM
environment? Discuss. (8)
2 (i) Define coupling path. What are the electromagnetic interferences that BTL‐1 Remembering
occur in the coupling path?
(8)
(ii) What is common mode coupling? Show how it affects a system in an
electromagnetic environment. (8)

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3 Define radiated differential mode coupling? How In what way this is different BTL-1 Remembering
from the radiated common mode coupling?
(8)
What are transient sources? How does the lightning discharge affect the
electronic equipments? (8)
4 What is ground loop coupling? State the causes of ground loop coupling. (6) BTL‐1 Remembering
Show how it affects the grounding in a system that is a part of the
electromagnetic environment. (10)

5 (i) Illustrate in detail the conducted and radiated coupling. (8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Demonstrate the common impedance ground couplings with examples (8)
6 (i) Illustrate the effect of cross talk in a three conductor transmission line. (8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Discuss in detail about power supply coupling. (8)

7 (i) Describe the cable related emissions and coupling briefly. (8) BTL‐2 Understanding
(ii) Summarize on Automotive transients. (8)

8 (i) Describe about the Inductive coupling supporting with neat diagrams and BTL‐3 Applying
scenarios. (8)
(ii) Explain how the Electrostatic discharge affects the digital circuits and
control panels. (8)

9 (i) Explain the Capacitive coupling that occurs between the two cables BTL‐3 Applying
running parallel to each other. (8)
(ii) Identify how surges occurring on main power supply affect the
appliances. Explain.
(8)

10. (i) Explain the concept behind Cross talk with help of PCB in detail. (8) BTL‐4 Analyzing
(ii) Analyze how a coupling takes place in a supply network and how does it
affect the network. (8)
11. (i) Explain how common mains supply acts as a frequent source of conducted BTL‐4 Analyzing
interference. (8)
(ii) Illustrate the electromagnetic impact of cable coupling in a system
design
.(8)

12. Analyze the effects of inductance in a two wire cable system. (8) BTL‐4 Analyzing
Describe the effects of the capacitance that exists between the cables. (8)

13. Justify the reasons of how the cable coupling, near and far coupling of EM BTL‐5 Evaluating
fields produced can be reduced. Also, suggest the ways to enhance the
immunity of circuits/equipments /systems. (8)
Evaluate the effects of radiative coupling in an EM environment. (8)

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14. How an electromagnetic field that appears in the atmosphere does gets BTL‐6 Creating
coupled into the transmission or power cables? Calculate the induced
voltage and current due to this coupling action. (8)

Develop the scenarios which demonstrates the electromagnetic coupling


between an emitter and a receptor. Support it with neat diagrams. (8)

UNIT III EMI MITIGATION TECHNIQUES

Working principle of Shielding and Murphy’s Law, LF Magnetic shielding, Apertures and shielding effectiveness,
Choice of Materials for H, E, and free space fields, Gasketting and sealing, PCB Level shielding, Principle of
Grounding, Isolated grounds, Grounding strategies for Large systems, Grounding for mixed signal systems, Filter
types and operation, Surge protection devices, Transient protection.
PART A

Q.No Questions BT Domain


Level
1. Analyse EMI shielding and its need. BTL 4 Analyzing

2. What is Murphy’s Law? BTL 1 Remembering

3. List the Choice of Materials for shielding. BTL 1 Remembering

4. Define shielding effectiveness. BTL 1 Remembering

5. Formulate the shielding effectiveness of E and H‐fields. BTL 6 Creating

6. Summarize various shielding methods. BTL 2 Understanding

7. Interpret the all the tests that can be carried over in a shielding room. BTL 2 Understanding

8. Explain the need for EMI Gaskets. BTL 4 Analyzing

9. Point out the different Gasketting for EMI sealing. BTL 5 Evaluating

10. List out the coupling situations to be addressed during the physical layout BTL 1 Remembering
process.
11. Classify the procedures for effective grounding in PCB design BTL 4 Analyzing

12. Discuss about the advantages of multipoint grounding. BTL 2 Understanding

13. Chemical Salting has to be repeated for every 2 or 3 years for better BTL 5 Evaluating
grounding effect – Justify.

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14. Illustrate the terms grounding and bonding. BTL 3 Applying

15. Classify EMI filters. BTL 3 Applying

16. What is meant by ‘bulging’ capacitor? BTL 1 Remembering

17. Estimate the insertion loss of the filter. BTL 6 Creating

18. Estimate the functionality of transient suppressors. BTL 2 Understanding

19. Draw the diagram of gas tube surge suppressor and arrestors. BTL 1 Remembering

20. Show all the procedures that have to be considered for cable routing. BTL 3 Applying

PART – B

1. Discuss the shielding mechanism and derive the expression for the
attenuation due to single shield and multimedia laminated shield with neat BTL 2 Understanding
diagrams and equations. (16)
2. (i) Show that the electromagnetic leakage occurs through shielding joints. BTL 3 Applying
(6)
(ii) Suggest the methods to reduce this electromagnetic leakage. (10)
3. (i)How can a gasket be used to suppress the EM leakage at joints?(8) BTL 1 Remembering
(ii)Write notes on sealing for EMI leakage. (8)
4. Explain in detail about the different types of system grounding for EMI/EMC. BTL 2 Understanding
(16)
5. (i) Describe a filter help in suppressing undesired conducted electromagnetic BTL 4 Analyzing
interference? (ii) Support your answer with the help of lumped element low
pass filter. (8)+(8)
6. (i) Summarize on the methods to measure the ground resistance. (8) BTL 1 Remembering
(ii) Brief out the preventions to be followed while earthing. (8)
7. Analyze the factors considered for a telephone line filter design. How does BTL 1 Analyzing
this factor influence the filter design? Explain with necessary examples.
(16)
8. Summarize about various lumped element low pass filter schemes for EMI BTL 2 Understanding
mitigation. Also compare their performances.
9. Write notes on (i) Surge protection and suppression (ii) Transient protection BTL 1 Remembering
and suppression (ii) Low Frequency (LF) magnetic field shielding
(5)+(5)+(6)
10. “The insertion loss of a particular filter depends on the source and load BTL 5 Evaluating
impedances, and therefore cannot be stated independently of the
termination impedances.” Justify the above statement and prove it
numerically. Also determine the insertion loss at 150 kHz and 30 MHz
for a differential mode and common mode. (16)
11. For a Residential power distribution system, analyze the requirements and the BTL 6 Creating
steps to design a safety grounding system considering the two wires and three
wires grounding scenario. (16)

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12. (i) Investigate on how the component selection and mounting controls BTL 4 Analyzing
EMI.(6)
(ii) Explain about PCB to chassis ground connection and effects of apertures.
(10)
13. (i) What are all the procedures used for effective grounding in PCB design? BTL 1 Remembering
(8)
(ii) Brief about electromagnetic compatibility that is achieved while PCB is
prepared for industry applications. (8)
14. (i) Illustrate the consequence of different shielding materials over the BTL 3 Applying
shielding. Tabulate some of the shielding materials and their uses.(8)
(ii) Demonstrate the shielding integrity at discontinuities. (8)
UNIT IV STANDARDS AND REGULATION
Need for Standards, Generic/General Standards for Residential and Industrial environment, Basic Standards,
Product Standards, National and International EMI Standardizing Organizations; IEC, ANSI, FCC, AS/NZS,
CISPR, BSI, CENELEC, ACEC. Electro Magnetic Emission and susceptibility standards and specifications,
MIL461E Standards.
PART A

Q.No Questions BT Domain


Level
1. List out the EMI/EMC civilian standards. BTL 1 Remembering

2. What for MIL STD 461, 462 and 463 are used? BTL 1 Remembering

3. Which are the class A devices with reference to FCC? BTL 1 Remembering
4. Give the reason why CISPR standards evolved. BTL 2 Understanding

5. Can High Voltage lines be allowed to cross residential sites? Justify. BTL 5 Evaluating

6. Quote the CISPR standards for EMIC. BTL 1 Remembering

7. Illustrate at least two standards for design guidelines and test & BTL 3 Applying
measurement procedures published by IEEE/ANSI.
8. State the objective of requirements CS 103/104/105. BTL 1 Remembering

9. Idenfify the expansion of the terms CISPR, FCC. BTL 3 Applying

10. Differentiate military and civilian standards. BTL 4 Analyzing

11. Propose the Standards for generic products to be used in industrial environments? BTL 6 Creating

12. Summarize few parameters of MIL 461E / 462. BTL 2 Understanding

13. Define IEC and BSI. BTL 1 Remembering


14. Discuss the special requirements of MIL STD 461E for EMC testing? BTL 2 Understanding

15. Interpret the need for EMI standards? BTL 2 Understanding

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16. Construct the main function of ACEC. BTL 3 Applying

17. Analyze the key for Conducted Emission (CE) EMC standards? BTL 4 Analyzing

18. Prepare the AS/NZS standards? BTL 6 Creating

19. Assess modular approval standards. BTL 5 Evaluating

20. Pointout the two types of EMC Product standard. BTL 4 Analyzing

PART – B

1. What does the standard MIL 461E emphasize? What are the problems one may BTL 1 Remembering
face by violating the regulations in it? If possible, a case study be referred to
support your justification. (16)
2. (i) Express the needs to meet for EMI standards? Explain. (8) BTL 2 Understanding
(ii) Discuss briefly of FCC regulations. (8)
3. Develop the conducted interference controls, radiated interference controls and BTL 6 Creating
susceptibility at intermediate levels of exposure in MIL STD 461/462 standard.
(16)
4. (i) Compare Euro norms standards in Japan. (8) BTL 4 Analyzing
(ii) Infer details about EMI specifications and its limits with respect to civilian
and military standards. (8)
5. Analyze the purpose of EMI standards and give different types of standards that BTL 4 Analyzing
followed in different countries? (16)
6. Distinguish between the FCC’s EMC requirement and the European Union’s BTL 2 Understanding
EMC requirements? What additional emission requirements does the European
Union have that the FCC does not? (16)
7. Write about Comite Special des Perturbations Radioelectrique (CISPR) and BTL 1 Remembering
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards.
(8+8)
8. (i) Explain in detail the usage of ANSI standards in EMC area. (8) BTL 4 Analyzing
(ii) Pointout why military standards are more stringent for RE and RS.
(8)
9. (i) List out the IEC specifications adopted by ANSI standard. (8) BTL 1 Remembering
(ii) Briefly explain the MIL standards are useful in the area of EMI/EMC.
(8)
10. Summarize FCC and CISPR Conducted Emission (CE) and Radiated Emission BTL 2 Understanding
(RE) standards. (16)
11. Write short notes on (i) British Standard Institution (BSI) BTL 1 Remembering
(ii) Comite European de Normalisation Electrotechniques (CENELEC).(8+8)
12. (i) Determine the generic standards for residential and industrial environments.(8) BTL 5 Evaluating
(ii) Validate the VDE standards and pulsed interference immunity. (8)
13. (i) Demonstrate the regulatory model for radiated emissions from electrical BTL 3 Applying
equipment. (8)
(ii) Show that how US organizations involved with EMC for commercial
standards. (8)

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14. Illustrate on how the spectrum conservation can be achieved through proper BTL 3 Applying
frequency assignment. (16)
UNIT V EMI TEST METHODS AND INSTRUMENTATION
Fundamental considerations, EMI Shielding effectiveness tests, Open field test, TEM cell for immunity test,
Shielded chamber , Shielded anechoic chamber, EMI test receivers, Spectrum analyzer, EMI test wave simulators,
EMI coupling networks, Line impedance stabilization networks, Feed through capacitors, Antennas, Current probes,
MIL -STD test methods, Civilian STD test methods.

PART A

Q.No Questions BT Domain


Level
1. Draw two arrangements of OATS BTL 1 Remembering

2. What are the advantages of OATS? BTL 1 Remembering

3. List the features of current probe and power probe BTL 1 Remembering

4. Illustrate the significance of narrow band testing. BTL 2 Understanding

5. Assess the Near Field sources in Shielding effectiveness BTL 5 Evaluating

6. List the various measurement precautions in OATS BTL 1 Remembering

7. Illustrate at least two standards for design guidelines and test & BTL 3 Applying
measurement procedures published by IEEE/ANSI.
8. What is a TEM Cell BTL 1 Remembering

9. Identify atleast two standards for test &measurement procedures published by BTL 3 Applying
IEEE/ANSI.
10. Compare radiated measurements for class A devices and others. BTL 4 Analyzing

11. Formulate the spectrum bandwidth that will be occupied by a radio station BTL 6 Creating

12. Give the list of antenna used for microwave frequencies. BTL 2 Understanding

13. State the recommended ambient conditions for air discharge mode testing. BTL 1 Remembering

14. Generalize the requirements of Military STD for EMC testing? BTL 2 Understanding

15. Discuss on how test bed is selected for ESD testing. BTL 2 Understanding

16. With LISN illustrate the basic circuit used for RI measurements. BTL 3 Applying

17. Point out two very important needs for TEM cell. BTL 4 Analyzing

18. Develop an equation for spectral efficiency that depends on the useful BTL 6 Creating
information from the radio equipment.

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19. Summarize the commonly used test antennas with frequency BTL 5 Evaluating

20. Differentiate Military standard and Civilian standards in measurements. BTL 4 Analyzing

PART – B

1. (i)Write short notes on sensors/Injectors. (8) BTL 1 Remembering


(ii)Write short notes on couplers. (8)

2. (i) Express the needs to meet for EMI standards for testing methods. (8) BTL 2 Understanding
(ii) Discuss briefly about ESD test bed. (8)
3. (i) Formulate the various EMI Test instruments. (8) BTL 6 Creating
(ii) Develop a test bed for EFT. (8)
4. (i) Compare Euro norms standards in Japan. (8) BTL 4 Analyzing
(ii) Infer details about EMI specifications and its limits with respect to civilian
and military standards for measurements (8)
5. Analyze the schematic that enables the measurements using Anechoic chamber. BTL 4 Analyzing
(8)
Explain how testing is performed in an open environment. (8)
6. Describe about the open area test site measurements. What are its limitations?(8) BTL 2 Understanding
Outline the characteristics of open area test site. (8)
7. Write short notes on Broadband measurement antennas BTL 1 Remembering
a) The Biconical Antenna (8)
b) Log-Periodic Antenna (8)
8. Explain briefly about the measurements using an anechoic chamber. (8) BTL 4 Analyzing
Explain about Line Impedance Stabilization Networks. (8)
9. (i) List out the various equipment used for Conducted EMI (6) BTL 1 Remembering
(ii) Explain briefly the MIL-STD test methods useful in the area of EMI/EMC.
(10)
10. (i) What do you mean by shielding? Explain the Near Field sources in Shielding BTL 2 Understanding
effectiveness. (10)
(ii) Write a note on Shielded anechoic chamber . (6)
11. Write short notes on (i) Measurement of CM and DM Interferences BTL 1 Remembering
(ii) Conducted EMI in ships and Aircraft (8+8)
12. (i)Determine various testing antenna and their frequencies as specified in CISPR BTL 5 Evaluating
standard. (8)
Enumerate the measurements using EMI Rx and spectrum analyser. (8)
13. (i) Demonstrate the regulatory model for radiated emissions from electrical BTL 3 Applying
equipment. (8)
(ii) How do you perform testing using Giga Hertz TEM Cell. (8)
14. (i) Illustrate on how the spectrum conservation can be achieved through proper BTL 3 Applying
frequency assignment. (10)
(ii) Build EMI coupling network. (6)

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