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Executive summary

A new set of international standards for a wide selection of The international oil and gas industry and national
vital oil and gas industry materials, equipment and offshore standardisation organisations support these standards
structures is emerging from the international standards or- for worldwide applications. American, European and other
ganisations, ISO and IEC. These standards are primarily the standards bodies are now adopting them for regional and
responsibility of ISO Technical Committee (TC) 67 and IEC national use.
TC 18. They are developed using a consensus process that For industry, they will reduce costs and delivery time,
includes more than a thousand oil industry experts from and facilitate trade across national borders. For regulatory
around the globe and an international review and approval authorities, the standards offer support for goal-setting
process. and functional regulations, while achieving higher levels of
87 ISO standards for the oil and gas industry have now safety through better design.
been issued, including 17 published in 2002. A further These standards are now being implemented widely in
17 are planned for publication this year. Many of these oil and gas provinces around the world, replacing existing
standards are based on familiar API specifications and other industry, regional and national standards and eliminating or
relevant industry documents. IEC is also publishing impor- reducing the need for company-specific specifications.
tant standards for the offshore industry, some of which are For details, see wall-chart inside.
shown inside this bulletin.

Offshore structures
ISO Technical Committee 67/Sub Committee 7 (TC67/ Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) in API documents). The
SC7) is an International Committee producing a suite of adoption of these techniques leads to a more uniform level
international standards for offshore structures for the pe- of reliability throughout a structure. Traditional working
troleum and natural gas industries. The first standard in the stress design tends to produce structures with varying levels
package, General requirements for offshore structures was pub- of reliability. Requirements for robustness and redundancy
lished in 1995 (reissued as ISO 19900 in 2002) and set out are included, and the design equations reflect the results of
the principles for a suite of 12 standards covering all aspects many years of research.
of offshore structures. SC 7 is organized with several work groups preparing the
SC 7 comprises 15 participating countries, 8 observing suite of ISO standards for offshore structures (with esti-
countries and formal liaisons with OGP, IADC, IACS and mated publication dates):
other ISO technical committees. Each member country has a • ISO 19900 General requirements for structures
national committee comprising representatives of operators, • ISO 19901-1 Metocean criteria (DIS 2003)
contractors, consultants and regulators who are represented • ISO 19901-2 Seismic criteria (DIS 2003)
at the SC meetings. • ISO 19901-3 Topsides design (DIS 2003)
A basic premise of the suite of standards is the widespread • ISO 19901-4 Foundations (2003)
adoption of limit state design practice (known as Load and • ISO 19901-5 Weight control (2003)
• ISO 19901-6 Marine operations (DIS 2003).
• ISO 19901-7 Mooring systems (DIS 2003)
• ISO 19902 Fixed steel structures (DIS 2003)
• ISO 19903 Fixed concrete structures (DIS 2004)
• ISO 19904 Floating structures (DIS 2004)
• ISO 19905 MOUs - Jack-ups (DIS 2004)
• ISO 19906 Arctic structures (DIS 2005)
The DIS (Draft International Standards) are significant
documents because, although not completed standards,
they can be purchased and referenced in contracts for de-
sign, fabrication, etc.
The fixed steel offshore structures standard (ISO 19902)
is a development of the well known API RP2A, and the jack-
up standard (ISO 19905-1) uses the SNAME rules as a basis,
but most of the standards are largely new work or a compila-
tion of guidance from several sources.
The subcommittee web site, http://sc7.tc67.net, contains
useful information and links to the latest drafts of the stand-
ards.
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About OGP Kazakhstan adopts ISO standards
The International Association of Oil & Gas producers (OGP) encom- The North Caspian Sea covers 5,600 square kilometres of the
passes most of the world’s leading publicly traded, private and state- Kazakhstan section of the Caspian Sea. The area includes the Kashagan
owned oil & gas companies, oil & gas associations and major upstream oil field, the Kalamkas oil discovery and the Kairan, Aktote and Kashagan
service companies. OGP members operate in more that 80 different SW prospects, and is operated by ENI (Agip KCO). Kashagan is one of the
countries and produce more than half the world’s oil and about one third largest and most exciting hydrocarbon discoveries in many decades. It is
of its gas. also the most significant hydrocarbon discovery in Kazakhstan, and will
The association was formed in 1974 to develop effective communica- make a key contribution to the developments of the country’s economy
tions between the upstream industry and an increasingly complex net- and future prosperity.
work of international regulators. Preliminary discussions with the Kazakhstan authorities identified that
An essential part of OGP’s mission is to represent the interests of the a number of national standards existed for onshore oil field development
upstream industry to international regulators and legislators. but did not address offshore developments.
OGP also helps members achieve continuous improvement in safety, A series of presentations were therefore given to both the Kazakhstan
health and environmental performance and in the engineering and op- authorities and to their national standards organisation, KAZMEMST, on
eration of upstream ventures. OGP’s extensive international member- the potential benefits for them in participating in the international stand-
ship brings with it a wealth of know-how, data and experience. OGP ards development work for the oil and gas business.
committees and task forces manage the exchange and dissemination As a consequence, KAZMEMST set up a Gosstandart Technical
of this knowledge. OGP additionally promotes awareness of Corporate Committee for the oil and gas industry referred to as TC33
Responsibility issues such as transparency of revenues and combatting “Neftegasmash”. The primary role of TC33 is to:
corruption. • represent Kazakhstan interests with respect to ISO/TC67;
The OGP Standards Committee monitors, co-ordinates and influences • facilitate the process for adoption of international standards for the oil
the development of international standards to meet the needs of OGP and gas industry in Kazakhstan;
members. There is close communication between the national associa- • assist in the development of new international standards through ISO/
tions, particularly the API. The Committee also monitors and influences TC67;
European standards under CEN. • seek endorsement from other Republic of Kazakhstan Government
agencies for the adoption of international standards for the oil and
gas industry.
OGP position on standards Following on from the formation of Gosstandart TC33, Kazakhstan has
OGP has been a catalyst for change in the industry’s approach to now become a full participating member of ISO TC67 with full voting
standards and strongly supports the internationalisation of key stand- rights.
ards used by the petroleum and natural gas industries. A formal process for the registration of standards was initiated in mid
OGP’s position on standards is: 2002. Agreements were made with two Kazakhstan Government approved
• development and use of ISO and IEC international standards should institutes for translating, ‘expertizing’ and registering standards for use
be promoted; by Agip KCO on their projects. To date a total of 70 standards have been
• standards should be simple and fit for purpose; registered with the authorities including some 46 ISO standards. A further
• international standards should be used without modification wherever 67 standards, including 27 ISO standards, are also in the process of being
possible; registered. For the latest developments, please visit the OGP Standards
• development of standards should be based on a consensus of need; website (http://info.ogp.org.uk/standards).
• duplication of effort should be avoided;
• company specifications should be minimised and written, where pos-
sible, as functional requirements;
• “users” should be represented on standards work groups.
The adoption of this approach is expected to minimise non techni-
cal barriers to trade, enable more efficient worldwide operations, and
improve the technical integrity of equipment, materials, and offshore
structures used by the petroleum and natural gas industries.

OGP information
Information on the activities of the OGP Standards Committee and
other OGP committees, including freely downloadable publications pro-
duced by the OGP, can be accessed via the OGP website:

http://www.ogp.org.uk
This bulletin is developed by the OGP Standards Committee includ-
ing members from: API, BP, DONG, ENI/Agip, ExxonMobil, IP,
ISO, Mærsk, Norsk Hydro, Repsol, Petrobras, Shell, Total & WEG.

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