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Sodium oxide
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sodium oxide (SOX) is a chemical compound with Sodium oxide


the formula Na2O. It is used in ceramics and glasses,
though not in a raw form. Treatment with water
affords sodium hydroxide.

Na2O + H2O → 2 NaOH

The alkali metal oxides M2O (M = Li, Na, K, Rb)


crystallise in the antifluorite structure. In this motif
the positions of the anions and cations are reversed
relative to their positions in CaF2, with sodium ions
tetrahedrally coordinated to 4 oxide ions and oxide
cubically coordinated to 8 sodium ions.[1][2]

Contents
 1 Preparation
 2 Applications
 2.1 Glass making

 3 References
 4 External links
IUPAC name
Sodium oxide
Preparation Other names

Sodium oxide is produced by the reaction of sodium Disodium oxide


with sodium hydroxide, sodium peroxide, or sodium Identifiers
CAS number
nitrite:[3] 1313-59-3
PubChem 73971
2 NaOH + 2 Na → 2 Na2O + H2 UN number 1825
Properties
Na2O2 + 2 Na → 2 Na2O
Molecular formula Na2O
2 NaNO2 + 6 Na → 4 Na2O + N2
Molar mass 61.9789 g/mol
Appearance White solid
Most of these reactions rely on the reduction of Density 2.27 g/cm3
something by sodium, whether it is hydroxide,
Melting point
peroxide, or nitrite. 1132°C
Boiling point
Burning sodium in air will produce Na2O and about 1950 °C decomposes
20% sodium peroxide Na2O2. Solubility in water reacts violently to form NaOH
Structure
6 Na + 2 O2 → 2 Na2O + Na2O2 Crystal structure Antifluorite (face centered
cubic), cF12
Space group Fm3m, No. 225

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_oxide 1/31/2011
Sodium oxide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Page 2 of 2

Applications Coordination Tetrahedral (Na+); cubic (O2–)


geometry
Glass making Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of −414.2 kJ/mol
o
formation ∆fH 298
Sodium oxide is a significant component of glasses
and windows although it is not added in the form of Standard molar 75.1 J mol−1 K−1
Na2O nor do discrete sodium oxide components exist entropy So298
in glasses, which are complex crosslinked polymers. Hazards
Typically, glass contains around 15% sodium oxide, MSDS ICSC 1653
the other components being silica (silicon dioxide) EU Index Not listed
and lime (calcium oxide) at around 70% and 9%, Main hazards Corrosive, reacts violently with
respectively. The soda serves as a flux to lower the water
temperature at which the silica melts. Soda glass has Flash point Non-flammable
a lower melting temperature vs pure silica, which is Related compounds
very difficult to melt, and has improved mechanical Other anions Sodium sulfide
properties due to its slight increases in elasticity. Sodium selenide
These changes arise because the silicon dioxide and Sodium telluride
soda react to form sodium silicates of the general Other cations Lithium oxide
formula Na2[SiO2]x[SiO3]. Potassium oxide
Rubidium oxide
Caesium oxide
Na2CO3 → Na2O + CO2
Related sodium Sodium peroxide
oxides Sodium superoxide
Na2O + SiO2 → Na2SiO3 Related compounds Sodium hydroxide
(what is this?) (verify)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
References materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references
1. ^ Zintl, E.; Harder, A.; Dauth B. (1934),
"Gitterstruktur der oxyde, sulfide, selenide und telluride des lithiums, natriums und kaliums", Z.
Elektrochem. Angew. Phys. Chem. 40: 588–93
2. ^ Wells, A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-855370-6.
3. ^ Greenwood, N. N.; & Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd Edn.), Oxford:Butterworth-
Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4.

External links
 Sodium oxide information at Webelements.
 External MSDS Data Sheet.

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Categories: Oxides | Sodium compounds | Common oxide glass components | Inorganic compound stubs

 This page was last modified on 25 January 2011 at 00:30.


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_oxide 1/31/2011