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HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

EGYPTIAN ARCHRE 3rd MIL. BC. - THE ARCHITECTURE OF EGYPT FROM THE 3rd. MILLENIUM B.C. TO THE ROMAN PERIOD. ITS MOST OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS ARE ITS MASSIVE FUNERARY MONUMENTS & TEMPLES BUILT OF STONE FOR PERMANENCE, FEATURING ONLY POST-AND-LINTEL CONSTRUCTION & CORBEL VAULTS W/ OUT ARCHES & VAULTING. WEST ASIATIC ARCHRE 1. ASSYRIAN 2. BABYLONIAN 3. PERSIAN ANCIENT NEAR EAST ARCHRE 1. EARLY MESOPOTAMIAN - 5th -2nd MIL. B.C. 2. ASSYRIAN & BABYLONIAN - 1859-539 B.C. CLASSICAL ARCHIRE - THE ARCHRE OF HELLENIC GREECE & IMPERIAL ROME ON W/C THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE & SUBSEQUENT STYLES SUCH AS THE BAROQUE & THE CLASSICAL REVIVAL BASED THEIR DEVT. - THE ARCHRE ORIGINATING IN ANCIENT GREECE OR ROME, THE RULES & FORMS OF W/C WERE REVIVED BASED TO ESTABLISH THE RENAISSANCE IN EUROPE IN THE 15th & 16Th CENTURIES. 1. a. AEGEN - 3,000-1,100 B.C. b. GREEK - 650 30 B.C. 2. a. ETRUSCAN - 750-100 B.C. b. ROMAN - 300 B.C.-300 A.D. EARLY CHRISTIAN ARCHRE - 313-800 A.D. - THE FINAL PHASE OF ROMAN ARCHRE FROM THE 4th TO THE 6th CENT., PRIMARILY IN CHURCH BUILDING. COEVAL W/ & RELATED TO THE RISE OF BYZANTINE ARCHRE. BYZANTINE ARCHRE - 330-1453 - THE ARCHRE OF THE BYZANTINE OF EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE W/C DEVP FROM EARLY CHRISTIAN & LATE ROMAN ANTECEDENTS IN THE 4Th CENT. , FLOURISHED PRINCIPALLY IN GREECE, BUT SPREAD WIDELY & LASTED THRU-OUT THE MIDDLE AGES UNTIL THE FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE TO THE TURKS (1453). - IT IS CHARACTERIZED BY LARGE PENDENTIVE-SUPPORTED DOMES, ROUND ARCHES & ELABORATE COLUMNS, RICHNESS IN DECORATIVE ELEMENTS, & COLOR. ISLAMIC ARCHRE 7th CENT. ROMANESQUE 9th 12th CENT. - THE STYLE EMERGING IN WESTERN EUROPE, BASED ON ROMAN & BYZANTINE ELEMENTS, CHARACTERIZED BY CLEAR PLANS, MASSIVE ARTICULATED WALL STRUCTURES, ROUND ARCHES, & POWERFUL VAULTS, & LASTING UNTIL THE ADVENT OF GOTHIC ARCHRE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 12th CENT.

GOTHIC ARCHRE 12th. 15th. CENT. - THE ARCHL STYLE OF THE HIGH MIDDLE AGES IN WESTERN EUROPE, W/C EMERGED FROM ROMANESQUE & BYZANTINE FORMS IN FRANCE DURING THE LATER 12th CENT. ITS GREAT WORKS ARE CATHEDRALS, - CHARACTERIZED BY POINTED ARCH, THE GRADUAL REDUCTION OF THE WALLS TO A SYSTEM OF RICHLY DECORATED FENESTRATION. GOTHIC LASTED UNTIL THE 16th CENT. , WHEN IT SUCCEEDED BY THE CLASSICAL FORMS OF THE RENAISSANCE. 1. FRANCE a. EARLY PHASE - 12th CENT. b. NIDDLE PHASE (RAYONNANT 13th 14th CENT. c. LATE PHASE (FLAMBOYANT) - LATE 15th CENT. RAYONANNT CHARACTERIZED BY RADIATING LINES OF TRACERY. FL AMBOYANT CHARATERIZED BYFLOWING A FLAME-LIKE TRACERY. 2. GERMANY a. EARLY GOTHIC b. HIGH GOTHIC c. LATEN GOTHIC RENNAISANCE ARCHRE - 15th 19th CENT. - REFERS DIRECTLY TO THE RESTORATION OF ANCIENT ROMAN STANDARDS AND MOTIFS IN ITALY DURING THWE 15th & 16th CENT. IN ARCHRE, THE TERM DESCRIBES THE REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL FORMS & THEIR INERPRETATIONS W/C SPREAD THRU-OUT WESTERN EUROPE & BEYOND IN SUBSEQUENT CENTURIES.(REBIRTH) - CHARACTERIZED BY THE USE OF THE CLASSICAL ORDERS, ROUND ARCHES, & SYMMETRICAL COMPOSITION. 1. ITALY a. EARLY RENNAISANCE - 15th CENT. b. HIGH RENNAISANCE & PHOTO BAROQUE - 16th CENT. (PALLADISM) (MANNERISM) c. BAROQUE - 1750-1830 (17th CENT) PALLADISM A MODE OF BLDG FOLLOWING THE STRICT ROMAN FORMS, A SET FORTH IN THE PUBLICATIONS OF THE ITALIAN REN. ARCHT. ANDREA PALLADIO (1508-1580). STYLE BASED ON A CLOSED STUDY OF ANTIQUITY. MANNERISM - TRANSITIONAL STYLE IN ARCHRE & THE ARTS IN THE LATE 16th. CENT, CHARATERIZED IN ARCHRE BY UNCOVENTIONAL USE OF CLASSICAL ELEMENTS. BAROQUE IS CHARACTERIZED BY INTERPRETATION OF OVAL SPACES, CURVED SURFACES, & CONSPICUOUS USE DECORATION, ACULPTURE, & COLOR. ITS LAST PHASE IS CALLED ROCOCO. BOLD, OPULENT & IMPRESSIVE TYPE OF ARCHRE. ARTIQUARIAN THE PHASE IN WESTERN EUROPIAN RENASSAINCE ARCHRE 1750-1830, WHEN RENED INSPIRATION WAS SOUGHT FROM ANCIENT GREEK & ROMAN ARCHRE ( NEO CLASSICAL) ROCOCO ( FR. ROCALLE ROCKWORK) A TERM APPLIED TO TYPE OF RENAISSANCE ORNAMENT IN W/C ROCK-LIKE FORMS, FANTASTIC SCROLLS, & CRIMPED SHELLS ARE WORK UP TOGETHER IN A PROFUSION & COMFUSION OF DETAIL OFTEN W/ OUT ORGANIC COHERENCE BUT PRESENTING A LAVISH DISPLAY OF DECORATION.

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FRANCE a. EARLY PERIOD b. CLASSICAL PERIOD c. LATE PERIOD SPAIN a. EARLY PERIOD PLATERSQUE b. CLASSICAL PERIOD c. LATE PERIOD 1. BAROQUE 2. ANTIQUARIAN

- 15th (1494-1589) - 16th (1589-1715) - 18th (1715-1830) - 1492-1556 - 15th-16th CENT. - 1556-1690 - 1650-1830 - 1650-1750 - 1750-1830

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BRITAIN / ENGLAND a. EARLY RENAISSANCE - 15th CENT. 1. ELIZABETH - 1558-1603 2. JACOBEAN - 1603-1625 b. LATE RENAISSANCE - 16th-18th CENT. 1. STUART - 1625-1702 (16th) 2. GEORGIAN - 1702-1830(17th)

PLATERESQUE ARCHRE SIVERSMITH-LIKE; THE RICHLY DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE SPANISH RENAISSANCE. ELIZABETHAN ARCHRE THE TRANSITIONAL STYLE BETWEEN GOTHIC & RENAISSANCE IN ENGLAND, NAMED AFTER ELIZABETH I; MAINLY COUNTRY HOUSES, CHARATERIZED BY LARGED MILLIONED WINDOWS & STRAPWORK ORNAMENTATION. JACOBEAN ARCHRE ENGLISH ARCHL & DECORATIVE STYLE OF THE EARLY 17th CENT. , ADAPTING THE ELIZABETHAN STYLE TO CONTI NENATL RENAISSANCE INLUENCES; NAMED AFTER JAMES I GEROGIAN ARCHRE THE PREVAILING STYLE OF THE 18th CENT. IN GREAT BRITAIN & THE NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES, SO NAMED AFTER GEORGE I, II, III, BUT NOT INCLUDE GEORGE IV. DERIVED FROM CLASSICAL, RENAISSANCE, & BAROQUE FORMS. PICTURESQUE TERM IN A SPECIALIZED SENSE TO DESCRIBE ONE OF THE ATTITUDES OF TASTE TOWARDDS ARCHRE & LANDSCAPE GARDENING IN THE LATE 18th & EARLY 19th CENT. BLDGS & LANDSCAPE WERE TO HAVE THE CONTROLLED INFORMALITY OF A PICTURE.

FILIPINO ARCHTS & THEIR WORKS


JUAN N APKIL 1. Q.I HOSPITAL 2. QUIAPO CHURCH RECONSTRUCTION 3. MABINI SHRINE, BATANGAS 4. RIZALS HOME RESTORATION 5. BONIFACIO MONUMENT W/ GUILLERMO TOLENTINO 6. SSS & SN. MIGUEL CHURCH 7. UP ADMI BLDG & CONSERV. OF MUSIC FEDERICO ILUSTRE 1. QUEZON MEMORIAL CIRCLE 2. OLD M.I.A. 3. G.S.I.S. 4. VETERANS MEMORIAL BLDG.(BPW) 5. ASIAN INST. OF TECH, BANGKOK CECAR CONCIO 1. BACLARAL CHURCH 2. US PROTESTANT CHURCH 3. PERPETUAL HELP CHURCH 4. UP ENGRG & LIBERAL ARTS BLDG. 5. CHILDRENS HOSPITAL WILLIAM PARSONS 1. MALACANANG 2. MANILA HOTEL 3. P.G.H. ( TOMAS MAPUA) 4. PHIL. NORMAL COLLEGE JUAN ARELLANO 1. CITY HALL MLA. W/ TOLEDO 2. METROPOLITAN THEATER, RENOV BY O. ARELLANO 3. RIZAL MEMORIAL (BPW) 4. POST OFFICE W/ TOMAS MAPUA 5. AGRICULTURE BLDG.W/ ANTONIO TOLEDO 6. LEGISLATIVE BLDG. 7. SUPREME COURT ANTONIO TOLEDO 1. CITY HALL MLA. W/ J. ARELLANO 2. LEGISLATIVE BLDG. W/ J. ARELLANO 3. AGRICULTURE BLDG. W/ J. ARELLANO 4. FINANCE BLDG CARLOS ARGUELLLES 1. ABS-CBN, QC. 2. DEVT BANK OF THE PHIL., MAKATI 3. MANILA HILTON 4. UP LOS BANOS,MASTER PLAN 5. UP SOCIAL SCIENCE & HUMANITIES CENTER FERNANDO OCAMPO 1. MANILA CATHEDRAL, REHABILITATION 2. UST CHAPEL 3. ANTIPOLO CHURCH 4. AMBASSADOR HOTEL ( 1st. SKYCRAPER)

DANIEL BURNHAM PABLO ANTONIO 1. BAGUIO 1. MANILA POLO CLUB 2. LUNETA PARK 2. F.E.U. MAIN BLDG. 3. OLD CONGRESS BLDG. (LEGISLATIVE BLDG.) 3. LYRIC IDEAL THEATER 4. JAI ALAI GABRIEL FORMOSO 1. CENTRAL BANK OF THE PHILS. 2. ASIAN INST. OF MGT. , MAKATI ANTONIO HERRERA 1. SAN AGUSTIN CHURCH, INTRAMUROS

JOSE MARIA ZARAGOSA 1. STO. DOMINGO CHURCH 2. QUIAPO CHURCH, 1985 RESTORATION CARLOS SANTOS VIOLA 1. IGLESIA NI KRISTO 2. NEW ERA 3. RUSTANS Q.C. 4. SULO HOTEL, RECONSTRUCTION GENARO PALACIOS 1. SN SEBASTIAN CHURCH LEANDRO LOCSIN 1. U.P. CATHOLIC CHAPEL 2. ST. ANDREWS CHURCH , MAKATI 3. N.A.I.A. , NEW AIRPORT 4. MLA. HOTEL, NEW 5. CCP, PICC, FAT , PHILCITE, ETC. 6. 1976 MOST BEAUTIFUL HOTEL IN THE WORLD 7. 1987 LIKHA AWARDEE (UAP HIGHEST) 8. 1990 NATIONAL ARTIST FRANCISCO MANOSA 1. EDSA SHRINE 2. COCONUT PALACE 3. LAS PINAS CHURCH, RESTORATION 4. SANMIGUEL OFFICE BLDG. ORTIGAS ROGELIO VILLAROSA 1. TEKTITE TOWER 2. NATIONAL BOOKSTORES 3. KINGS COURT I & II 4. SILAHIS (GRAND BLDG) HOTEL 5. SHANGRILA EDSA PLAZA 6. SHANGRILA HOTEL, MAKATI HEZAGON ARCHTS NATL LIBRARY 1. ZARAGOSA, JOSE MARIA 2. ARGUELLES, CARLOS 3. LUCERO, EDMUNDO 4. FAJARDO, FRANCISCO 5. DE LEON, GAVINO 6. DE DIOS CEZAR, VERGEL

FR. ROQUE ROANO 1. U.S.T. MAIN BLDG. RUFINO ANTONIO 1. ARANETA COLISEUM RICHARD KISSLING (SWITZERLAND) 1. RIZAL MONUMENT LOUIS CROFT 1. QUEZON CITY, MASTER PLAN C.C. DE CASTRO 1. ATOMIC REACTION, Q.C. 2. SHOEMART SM, PABLO ANTONIO JR. 1. FREEDOM CENTER, (EDSA COR. WHT. PLAINS) RENATO PUNZALAN 1. VISTA DE LORO, (PUERTO 2. 1995 UAP DESIGN AWARD FOR ARCHRE. ANDRES LUNA DE SAN PEDRO 1. SAN BEDA CHAPEL 2. MALACANANG RESIDENCE

ANTONIO SIDIONG 1. ANTONIO PACIFIC 2. PACIFIC PLAZA 3. ALI-MALL 4. CHINA BANK, PASEO DE ROXAS 5. SM LUIS ARANETA 1. STELLA MARIS COLLEGE 2. MAKATI MEDICAL CENTER PRC AWARDEE FOR 1996-36 OUTSTANDING 1. ANTONIO TURALBA ARCHRE 2. CEZAR CONCIO ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNER RUPERTO GAITE 1. QUEZON CITY HALL

CONSTRUCTION TERMS (VERNACULAR)


KING POST - PENDULON QUEEN POST - PRASES TRUSS - KILO TOP CHORD - TAHILAN B OTTOM CHORD BARAKILAN , TIRANTE COLLAR PLATE - SINTURON RAFTER - KILO PURLIN - REOSTRA FASCIA BOARD - SENEPA CEILING JOIST - KOSTILYAHE FLOOR JOIST - SOLERAS GIRT - SEPO GIRDER - GUILILIAN SEPO FLOOR - SUELO SILL - GUILILAN-SEPO STAIR - HAGDAN TRED - BAYTANG RISER - TAKIP SILIPAN HANDRAIL - GABAY STRINGER (OPEN) HARDINERA STRINGER (CLOSE) MADRE ( DE ESCALERA) LANDING - MESA, MESITA GABLE ROOF - DOS AGUAS HIP ROOF - QUATRO AGUAS RIDGE ROLL - CABALLETE DOWNSPOUT - TUBO BAHADA CONDUCTOR - ALULOD GUTTER /GROOVE - KANAL G.I.SHEET STRAP LINGUETA G.I.SHEET CORR - HIERO KANALADO G.I SHEET PLAIN - HIERO LISO W.I STRAP - PLANCHUEL SIDING (EXT) - TABIKE PARTITION - DINGDING STUD (VERTICAL) - PILARETE HORIZONTAL STU - PABALAGBAG BASEBOARD - RODAPIS POST - POSTE / HALIGI FOOTING - BASE FUNDACION DIAGONAL BRACE - PIE DE GALLO NEIL SETTER - PUNSOL MOULDING - MULDURA TRELLIS - PERGOLA (KAPATAS) FOREMAN - MAESTRO DE OBRA LABORER - PIYON MASON - KANTERO TINSMITH - LATERO DOOR/WINDOW JAMB HAMBA DOOR/WINDOW HEAD- SUMBRERO DOOR FILLET OR ASTRAGAL - BATIDORA PANELED DOOR - DE BANDEJA WINDOW STILL - PASAMANO RABBET/REBATE - BASIADOR WATER CLOSET BATH TUB LAVATORY KITCHEN SINK SHOWERHEAD SEPTIC VAULT CALIKUM CAULK COTTON CAST IRON PIPE G.I. PIPE - INODORO - BANYERA - LABABO - PRIGADERO - DUCHA - POSO NEGRO - OKUM - ESTOPA - TUBO PUNDIDO - TUBO GALBANISADO

CONSTRUCTION TERMS ( VERNACULAR)


FRAME WORK - BALANGKAS SCAFFOLDING - PLANCHA, ANDAMIYO RAMP - ANDAMIO SLOPE - BAHADA PATTERN, SCHED. PLANTILYA STAKE - ESTAKA PLUMBLINE - HULOG AL8IGNMENT - ASINTADA SPACING/GAP - BIENTO CANOPY - MEDIA AGUA PLASTTER/STUCCO - PALITADA PLASTERED COURSE - KUSTURADA PICK WORK - PIKETA SCATCH COAT - REBUEDA VARNISH - MONYEKA CEMENT BRICK - LANDRILYO CEMENT TILE - BALDOSA WAINSCOTING TILE - ASOLEJOS COCRETE SLAB - LARGA MASA

EAVE - BIBE, ALERO OVERHUNG - BOLADA PROJECTION - BOLADA ALTERNATE - UNO-SIN-OTRA BOLT - PIERNO MACHINE BOLT - PIERNO PASANTE RIVET - REMACHE SREW NUT - TUERKA SREW THREAD - ROSKAS CABINET HINGE - ESPOLON BUTT HINGE - BISAGRA SOLDER - HINANG NICOLITE BAR - ESTANYO PUTTY - MASILYA ADOBE ANCHOR - LLAVE WIRING/SPLIT KNOB METAL WORK, TEMPER - SUBAN, SU WASHER (LEAD) - PITCHA WASHER (IRON) - CHAPA

MANSORY - KANTERIALASTILYAS MANSORY FILL 0 LASTILYAS EARTH FILL - ESCOMBRO SCRAPPED FILLER - BATAK DRESSED LUMBER - SEPILLADO WOOD GRAIN - HASPE MITTER JOINT - KANTO MESA MORTAR JOINT KUSTURA FLUSH - ALAHADO FEET - PIYE/PIE