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Architecture has so much unrealized potential; architects could solve substantial social needs worldwide, addressing issues that

seem beyond the impact of design or buildings, such as education, health, self-employment etc (Bryan s foreword, Sergio and Christian, 2004). The World Health Organization (WHO) sees disability as any restriction, lack of ability, usually one that prevents a person from performing an activity within the range considered normal for a human being .The body estimates there are about 650 million disabled persons in the world. It recognizes that the disability can be physical, sensory, cognitive and intellectual. The visually impaired (blind), speech impaired, physically challenged (wheelchair users, ambulant persons etc), and those with multiple disabilities are considered disabled. The disabilities affect persons in activities of daily living such as learning and applying knowledge, communicating, accessing buildings, domestic life etc. Across all cultures, persons with disabilities are discriminated against. Among the challenges, persons with visual impairments face include discrimination in the areas of building accessibility, education (high illiteracy levels), health services, lack of employment etc. The United Nations, in an effort to protect and enhance the rights and opportunities of such persons, agreed formally on the convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2006,Philippines in this direction enacted the disability bill to create equal access to education, health, buildings and others.

Rationale
Discrimination against persons with physical disabilities dates back many centuries. The physically challenged includes the visually impaired, sensory impaired (visual/speech impaired), mentally impaired, emotionally/behaviorally impaired etc. The discrimination cuts across all areas of daily living including education, health, employment, recreation and others. In modern times, there have been improvements in the human rights of disabled persons. Issues concerning the physical accessibility of visually impaired persons as well as those physically challenged (e.g. wheelchair users) have come to the fore. This has been the case in Philippines which

culminated in the passing of the disability bill (2007) which is aimed at among others encouraging the provision of increased physical accessibility in the built environment to facilitate easy use by such persons. This thesis sought to come up with a

physically accessible model school for the visually impaired student and to document architectural barriers to physical accessibility for visually impaired. These objectives would be arrived at through literature reviews, case studies, development of design concept and a presentation of the proposed school. In the end, important recommendations and conclusions would be drawn which is hoped will serve as literature to enhance physical accessibility for such persons in existing and yet to be built schools in the country and elsewhere. The School for the Blind and Visually Impaired is an Educational Facility which provides quality program for children ages 7-18 year old who are blind and has visually impairment to attain attitudes and understanding skills, abilities and knowledge which make it possible for them to become self supporting and contributing members of the society. It will provide them educational services, clinical and support services to meet the appropriate education, related evaluation and counseling of blind and visually impaired people.