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studio X .

2011/2012

ARCHEOLOGIST VILLA
FOR KOUROSH MOHAMADKHANI IN PERSEPOLIS
21st Century Villa Project by Asa Darmatriaji Professor: Christos Passas Tutor: Alexander Kalachev DIA, 2012

Kourosh MohamadKhani Born in Abadeh, Iran in 1977 Current age 35 years old His occupation is a field archeologist He is able to speak French, Persian, and English He spent most of his time in excavation site He is chief archeologist in site/They begin the with large scale map (i.e. scale1:8000) and drastically reduced to smaller scale map (i.e. scale 1:500) The research usually start with investigation, measuring, exploring, and searching for evidence like jug, bone, vase, and so forth, and the next procedure is to reformulate the complete form or redesigning each piece that is founded in archeological site to predict and justify from which period they were Education Bachelor of Mining Engineer in Yazd University Master of Archeology in Tehran University He was a professor in Azad Shiraz University 7 years professional experience Currently studying Archeology in Lyon University, France He was the head of Archeological organization of Parse, Pasargadae Research Foundation He is one of the founding member of the Archeological Society of Iran Specialization Geophysical methods of exploration in the archeological excavations

Source: http://facebook.com

CLIENT BIOGRAPHY

NASER
60YEARS OLD

FATEMEH
56YEARS OLD

ALI
50 YEARS OLD

SOLTAN
50 YEARS OLD

KOUROSH MOHAMADKHANI
36 YEARS OLD

RAHA
27 YEARS OLD

SAM
5 YEARS OLD

SOUDABEH
2 YEARS OLD

FAMILY TREE DIAGRAM

Future

LAND
Current life 20th century 19th century 18th century 17th century
the century before and much older century
Cultural value and artifacts

EARTH

ARCHEOLOGIST PERCEPTION

time

GREEK, NORTH WEST FRANCE, SYRIA (1-3MONTHS) LYON, FRANCE (4YEARS) ABADEH, IRAN (16 YEARS) PERSEPOLIS, IRAN (7 YEARS) OTHER CITIES, IRAN (1-2 MONTHS) TEHERAN, IRAN (2YEARS) YAZD, IRAN (4YEARS)

DURATION OF STAY DIAGRAM

HOBBY

Excavation Life Ordinary Life Excavation Life ACTIVITIES/HOURS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7,8,9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1 Sleep 2 Work 3 Eating 4 Rest 5 Drawing 6 Writing 7 Reading 8 Sport 9 Playing Music Ins. 10 Photography Ordinary Life ACTIVITIES/HOURS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DAILY ACTIVITIES DIAGRAM

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

ROOMS 1 MASTER BEDROOM 1 MASTER BATHROOM 1 MASTER WARDROBE KID'S ROOM 1 KID'S BATHROOM 1 KID'S WARDROBE 1 KID'S ROOM 1 KID'S BATHROOM 2 KID'S WARDROBE 2 GUEST ROOM 1 GUEST BATHROOM 1 LIVING, DINING, PANTRY ROOM KITCHEN DARK ROOM HOBBY ROOM WORKING ROOM 2 CARS GARAGE FOYER TERRACE STORE MIN. TOTAL VILLA SIZE MAX. TOTAL VILLA SIZE VILLA SIZE & CIRCULATION 10% MIN. TOTAL VILLA SIZE MAX. TOTAL VILLA SIZE

SIZE (sqm) 24-35sqm 10-15sqm 8-10sqm 20-25sqm 6-10sqm 6-10sqm 20-25sqm 6-10sqm 6-10sqm 15-20sqm 5-15sqm 32sqm 20sqm 20 sqm 15 sqm 15 sqm 36sqm 20sqm 30sqm 20sqm 300 sqm 380 sqm 340 sqm 430 sqm
PREDETERMINED PROGRAMS

Direction from Shiraz to Persepolis (72.4km) SHIRAZ PERSEPOLIS

Source: http://googleearth.com/

SITE LOCATION

PERSEPOLIS PERIPHERY
Source: http://googleearth.com/

PERSEPOLIS

Several travelers notes before Persepolis was actually founded in 1930

Source: http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Achaemenid/Persepolis/persepolis_excavation_1931a.gif

Source: http://www.payvand.com/news/09/apr/1152.html

Source: http://www.payvand.com/news/09/apr/1152.html

1320-ODORIC OF 1474-GIOSAFAT PORDENONE PASSED BARBARO VISITED THROUGH PERSEPOLIS THE RUINS AND THOUGHT IT WAS JEWISH ORIGIN

1602- ANTONIO DE GOUVEIA, PORTUGAL, WROTE A REPORT IN PERSIA

1618- ARCA DE SILVA AND KING PHILIP III, SPAIN, IDENTIFY THE HADISH PALACES

1704- CORNELIS DE BRUIJN MADE FIRST DRAWINGS OF PERSEPOLIS

1800 until 1900AMATEUR EXCAVATIONS

1930-ERNST HERZFELD AND ERICH SCHMIDT DID 8 SEASONS EXCAVATION IN SEVERAL PLACES AROUND PERSEPOLIS, ANDRE GODARD FOUND PERSEPOLIS EARLIEST ON 515 BC

1970- 3 PILLARS RECONSTRUCTION AMONG 15 PILLARS THAT REMAINED INTACT

ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATION

Fact about Persepolis/Parsa (The City of Persians)


In Contemporary Persian is Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid), Persepolis area is approximately 125000sqm; Material used often grey limestone and grey marble; It was used for a majestic atmosphere (ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire), events and it is also military quarters, the Treasury, Reception Halls, Occasional houses for the King; Less than 10km there are 2 archeological sites that has been estimated for approx 150 years in city of Parse & Estakhr; Persepolis architecture noted for wooden columns, most of architects resorted to stone when the largest cedars in Lebanon or Teak trees of India didnt fulfill the required sizes. Column and capitals made out of stone, it is also applied for wooden column; It is noted for the Great Stairway, the Gate of Nations (Xerxes the Great), the Apadana Palace of Darius, the Tripylon Hall, and Tachara Palace of Darius, The Hadish Palace of Xerxes, The Palace of Artaxerxes III, The Imperial Treasury, The Royal Stables, and The Chariot House.

Source: http://www.crystalinks.com/persia.html

Source: http://www.mitchellteachers.org/WorldHistory/AncientGreece/AlexandertheGreatHeroorVillian.htm

Source: http://thetravelerpost.com/category/travel-themes/art-and-culture/

515 BCE

500 BCE

330 BC

316 BC
Capital of Persia

200 BC
Capital of Persia Moved to Istakhr

1930

2011 SITE HISTORY

Darius Leadership

BUILT AS A SYMBOL OF AN EMPIRE

BUILT BY ACHAEMENID EMPIRE

BUILT BY DARIUS STARTED BY XERXES AND COMPLETED BY ARTAXERXES FOR MILITARY COMMANDERS AND LATER FOR IMPERIAL MUSEUM BUILT BY DARIUS STARTED BY DARIUS IN 510BCAND COMPLETED BY XERXES IN 480BC

BUILT BY ACHAEMENID EMPIRE

Source http://andani.fr/iran/zon2/persepolis.htm

SOIL

HEAVY ROCKS WITH METAL CLIPS

Source: http://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2010/12/experts-claim-persepolis-will-collapse.html

PERSEPOLIS HISTORY

Measurement of Persepolis
Different archeological research mentioned the smallest unit of measurement was a finger which is is approx. 22mm, other units were: Palm or fingers approx. over 87mm; Persepolis step equal 16 fingers or 348-352mm; Arsh (Gaz) or 24 fingers versus 521-528mm; The best example of this measurement is in the Eastern stairs of Apadana where it has 78 steps length and 9 steps width, the height of the stairs is 30 steps all this numbers are The modulus of 3 which was sacred numbers with 7 and 9 in Ancient Persia; Golden ratio is another proportion in Persepolis, the distance between column is related to height and all portals are exemplifying this proportion
9 steps width

Source: http://paribakh.com/reconstruction.htm

Source: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/330_v._Chr.

78 steps length
SACRED NUMBERS IN ANCIENT PERSIA ARE MODULUS 3, 7, and 9

0mm

22mm

87mm

348mm

522mm

PERSEPOLIS MEASUREMENT

18

Pyramid East West Center Line

11

170.18cm or 182.88cm

Pyramid Entry (reborn as an entrance to a human body)

9.65cm

Hesire, 3Rd Dynasty Physician and Dentist


Source: http://www.pyramidofman.com/Body.htm

Canon Proportion is 18:11 (Top of Hairline) or 19 :11 (Top of the head) Approx. Height of Ancient Egyptian Man = 5 7 or 6 /170.18 cm or 182.88 cm
Source: http://www.rom.on.ca/programs/activities/ egypt/learn/people.php http://www.pyramidofman.com/Proportions.htm

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MAN

Ancient Rome Ancient Rome Ratio (mm) Values 444 370 296 222 74 24.6 18.5 0 24 digit/1 cubit 20 digit 16digit 12 digit 4 digit 4/3digit 1digit or 1/4palm 0

Persepolis Ratio (mm)

Persepolis Values

522 24digit/1cubit 348 87 16digit 4digit/1palm 1digit or 1/4palm 0

Ancient Mesopotamian Ratio Mesopotamia (mm) n Values 497 29digit/1cubit 331 19digit/1foot 17 0 1digit 0

Ancient Egyptian Ratio (mm) Egyptian Values 525 108 94 75 19 0 28digit/7 palm/1cubit 6digit 5digit 4digit/1palm 1digit or 1/4palm 0

22 0

ANCIENT ROME UNITS OF LENGTH

PERSEPOLIS RATIO

MESOPOTAMIAN UNITS OF LENGTH

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN UNITS OF LENGTH

Finger size = 18.5mm


Period 500BC

Finger size = 22mm


Period 515BC

Finger size = 17mm


Period 2150BC

Finger size = 19mm


Period 3600-3100BC

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digit_%28unit%29 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greek_units_of_measurement

PERSEPOLIS RATIO COMPARISON WITH OLDER UNITS OF LENGTH

A 29.65

1finger=19.05mm 1palm=4finger=3inches 1foot=4palm=16finger=12inches 1cubit=6palm=24finger A man=4cubit=24palm A pace=4cubit=5feet 1palm=4finger=76.21mm 1foot=4palm=16finger=304.8mm 1cubit=6palm=24finger A man=4cubit=24palm A pace=4cubit=5feet

VITRUVIANMAN (ORIGINAL)

Source: http://www.aiwaz.net/vitruvian-man/a6

MODULAR MAN (ORIGINAL)

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modulor

MODULAR MAN (MAPPED TO 24 PALM)

MODULAR MAN AND VITRUVIAN MAN COMPARISON

Persepolis Ratio (mm)

Persepolis Values

522 24digit/1cubit 348 87 16digit 4digit/1palm 1digit or 1/4palm 0

22 0

1finger=19.05mm 1palm=4finger=76.21mm 1foot=4palm=16finger=304.8mm 1cubit=6palm=24finger=457.2 A man=4cubit=24palm=1829mm A pace=4cubit=5feet

Finger size = 22mm


Period 515BC

Number Number (ORIGINAL (RESCALED Ratio (The next MODULAR Interva MODULAR number with the previous number) MAN) MAN) Interval l 6 0 0 6.8 1.5 9 3 3 10.3 1.23 11 2 -1 12.6 1.36 15 4 2 17.1 1.2 18 3 -1 20.5 1.34 24 6 3 27.4 1.25 30 6 3 34.2 1.3 39 8 2 44.5 1.23 48 10 2 54.8 1.3125 63 15 5 71.9 1.238 78 15 0 89 1.308 102 24 9 116.4 1.235 126 24 0 143.8 1.31 165 39 15 188.3 1.236 204 39 0 232.8 1.309 267 63 24 304.6 1.236 330 63 0 376.5 1.309 432 102 39 492.9 1.236 534 102 0 609.3 1.307 698 164 62 796.4 1.236 863 165 1 984.7 1.309 1130 1397 1829 2260 2958 3656 4785 5914 267 267 432 431 698 698 1129 1129 102 0 165 -1 267 0 431 0 1289.3 1594 2086.9 2578.7 3375.5 4172.14 5461.33 6750.2 1.236 1.309 1.236 1.309 1.236 1.309 1.236 0

Source: http://fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8% AA%D8%AE%D8%AA_%D8%AC %D9%85%D8%B4%DB%8C%D8 %AF

MODULAR MAN (MAPPED TO 24 PALM)


MODULAR MAN (REMAPPED TO PERSEPOLIS RATIO)

MODULAR MAN AND RESCALED MODULAR MAN COMPARISON

MODULAR MAN

(original)

MODULAR MAN

(rescaled to Persepols Ratio)

MODULAR MAN SCALE

Number (IRANIANMODULAR MAN) 5.8 8.7 10.6 14.5 17.4 23.2 29 37.7 46.4 60.8 75.3 98.5 121.7 159.3 197 257.8 318.7 417.2 515.7 674.1 833.4 1091.2 1349.1 1766.3 2182.5

MODULAR MAN

(rescaled to Iranian Man Ratio)

MODULAR MAN (MAPPED IRANIAN MAN AVERAGE HEIGHT TO 24 PALM)

IRANIAN MAN SCALE

3:1

3:3

3:7

3:9

7:1

7:3

7:7

7:9

1:1

1:3

1:7

1:9

9:1

9:3

9:7

9:9

SPATIAL STUDIES

MODULAR MAN

(rescaled to Iranian Man Ratio)

SPATIAL STUDIES

PERSEPOLIS PLAN RECONSTRUCTION

PROGRAM REDISTRIBUTION FROM ANCIENT PERSEPOLIS

PERSEPOLIS PLAN RECONSTRUCTION

SITE APPROACH

SITE APPROACH

TERRAIN INSOLATION ANALYSIS

OVERALL SURFACE RADIATION ANALYSIS

SOLAR ANALYSIS & SHADOW STUDIES

3 5 6 5 1 4

1. Persepolis 2. Road Extension to villa 3. Carport 4.Villa 5. Outdoor Platform 6.Staircase to Persepolis

+0.00

3
-3.65

4 5

-12.40

-15.00
6
-10.17

-13.83

1. Driveway 2. Carport 3. Entry Column Hall 4.Bathroom 5. Store/M&E 6.Wall Relief Hall 7. Working Room 8.Living Room Platform 9.Exhibition Gallery/Archeologist Office

14 16 15 13 12 11

10

17

-12.40
4

-15.00
3 2

-13.83
1

5 7 6

-14.40

16

1. Working Room 2. Foyer 3. Exhibition Gallery & Office 4.Living Room 5. Hobby Room 6.Common Bathroom 7. Daughters Room 8.Sons Room 9.Guest Room 10.Kitchen/Pantry 11. Dining Room 12. Tv Room 13. Dark Room 14.Master Bedroom 15.Master Bathroom

1 -3.65

3 -10.17 5 -12.30 6 -13.83 4 -12.30

1. Entry Hall 2. Grand Staircase 3. Wall Relief Hall 4. Hobby Room 5. Dining/Pantry/Kitchen 6.Working Room 7. Daughters Room

-12.40

7 -15.00

1 -3.65

3 -10.17 4 -12.30 5 -13.83

6 -15.00

7 -15.00

1. Entry Hall 2. Grand Staircase 3. Wall Relief Hall 4. Living Room 5. Working Room 6. Exhibition Gallery/Office 7. ME Room/Services

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