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DENSITY

What is Density?

Density is often taken as an indication of how heavy a substance is.If iron and cork of the same volume are weighed.It would take a larger volume of cork to equal the mass of iron.Evidently,there is an important relationship between the objects of mass and its volume. This relationship is known as density. Density is the ratio of the mass of the substance to its volume (or mass per unit volume).Unlike mass and volume is dependent of amount of matter present in a substance.

Experience

Our experience in doing this activity is that in density when you broke the object into half, each piece may have half the volume and half the mass but it density will remain the same.Density also have a relationship between mass and volume.Just like what happen to the loaf bread that we have try its volume decreases but its density increases.

PRESSURE
What is Pressure?

Pressure is the force per unit area (or stress).the pressure exerted on an object by a column of luid is known as hydrostatic pressure and the pressure exerted by the air is usually reffered to as air pressure or atmospheric pressure. Pressure increases with depth. You can feel this increase in pressure when you swim underwater.The deeper you dive,the greater the pressure you feel. Pressure does not depend on the shape of the container.Furthermore,it also does not depend on the amount of the liquid. Pressure is the same at any particular depth in liquids contained in vessels of diferent sizes or shapes. The pressure of the water of a body depends on three factors density,depth and gravity. EXPERIENCE : Our experience in pressure is that when we are in the swimming pool if we dive and we take longer on the water we can feel that our ear can hear something,that is because of the pressure on the water. We noticed that the deeper you dive on the water the more pressure you pressure you feel.

BOUYANCY

What is Buoyancy?

Buoyancy is the relative tendency of an object to displace a fluid, that is to float or sink in a liquid, or to rise or sink within a gas. Buoyancy is the upward force exerted by a fluid on an object that is immersed in it. It is caused by the displacement of the fluid by the object. Objects that have less average density than the fluid will be held up (buoyed). They will float in a given liquid or rise within a volume of a given gas. EXPERIENCE: In buoyancy we experience that when we put a block of wood on the glass the displacement of the water as much as the the weight of the water. It only means that the object buoyed up by a force that is equal in the magnitude of the weight.

SURFACE TENSION

What is Surface Tension?

Surface tension is a property of the surface of a liquid that allows it to resist an external force. It is revealed, for example, in the floating of some objects on the surface of water, even though they are denser than water, and in the ability of some insects (e.g. water striders) to run on the water surface. This property is caused by cohesion of similar molecules, and is responsible for many of the behaviors of liquids. Surface tension has the dimension of force per unit length, or of energy per unit area. The two are equivalentbut when referring to energy per unit of area, people use the term surface energywhich is a more general term in the sense that it applies also to solids and not just liquids. In materials science, surface tension is used for either surface stress or surface free energy. EXPERIENCE : careful on In surface tension we experience in putting the needle on the water or let the needle be float on the top of the water. Doing that experiment is not simple,because you should be very careful in putting the needle on top of the water ,you should not let the water wave,because if that happen,the needle will not float.

BERNOULLIS

PRINCIPLE

What is Bernoullis Principle? The relationship between the velocity and pressure exerted by a moving liquid is described by the Bernoulli's principle: as the velocity of a fluid increases, the pressure exerted by that fluid decreases. Airplanes get a part of their lift by taking advantage of Bernoulli's principle. Race cars employ Bernoulli's principle to keep their rear wheels on the ground while traveling at high speeds. The Continuity Equation relates the speed of a fluid moving through a pipe to the cross sectional area of the pipe. It says that as a radius of the pipe decreases the speed of fluid flow must increase and visa-versa. This interactive tool lets you explore this principle of fluids. You can change the diameter of the red section of the pipe by dragging the top red edge up or down.

EXPERIENCE :
Our experience in Bernoullis principl is blowing a sheet of paper.When you blow the sheet on its higher the sheet goes upward.

PHOTOS

DENSITY

PRESSURE

BUOYANCY

SURFACE TENSION

BERNOULIS PRINCIPLE

MECHANICS OF

FLUIDS

PROJECT IN SCIENCE

Submitted by Mamatan Ephrim Paul S


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Caballero Edchel

Submitted to Tacbobo Jelah Rose


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