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Architecture Homework ~ timothy le

Name a continent and 5 significant buildings, and one architect from that continent and an example of their work.

1. The Forbidden CityThe Forbidden City was built from 1406 to 1421. It contains eight hundred buildings and has nine hundred chambers. Its size is roughly one hundred soccer fields. The buildings were built based on traditional Chinese Architecture designs with the main colour of red. (The colour red was considered the lucky colour.) For five centuries, the palace served 24 emperors from the Ming and Tjing dynasties. During this time no outsider was allowed into the palace. Only the royal servants and concubines were allowed to live and work inside the palace. Also, the most important art treasures, antiques and paintings from Chinese history are stored here. The city served its last emperor in 1924. After his death (1925), the buildings then became a museum. Designer: N/A. Due to the lack of history, the exact designer of the Forbidden City is unknown to us.

2. The temple of Byodo-inThe temple of Byodo-in is one of the very few World Heritages that is entirely built on wood. It has stood on a shore of a small lake for one thousand years, as it was built in 998. It is a miracle that its wood has not been affected by rotting or fires. The curved lines and the roof beams are not only for decoration features, but they also serve as protection for the build. These things serve as a shelter for the building, increasing it resistance. Designer: N/A. The designer or the temple of Byodo-in is unknown.

3. Ho Chi Minh MausoleumThe Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a memorial and burial site for the Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh was the Vietnamese leader and he led the Vietnam War. Before he died, he told his servant that he wanted to be buried in a memorial site like this one. However, due to some delays and confusion amongst the people, the building was started on September 2, 1973, and then finished on August 29, 1975. Designer: N/A. The exact architect of the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is unknown.

4. Burj KhalifaThe Burj Khalifa is the tallest tower in the whole world. It is located in Dubai. On the an observatory deck, you will be able to see all most all of Dubai. It is eight hundred and twenty two metres high and contains 160 floors. Its sole purpose was to attract tourist and put Dubai on the map. Designer: Burj Khalifa.

5. Temple of ChinaThe temple of china can be found in the middle of Beijing. It was built from 1406 to 1420 and includes 2.73km of land. It was built so that there was a temple for prayer for good fortune. For example, one may be having a bad harvesting season and they may go to the temple of china and pray for a better harvest next season. It is a very popular tourist attraction because many people believe that there wishes may be granted if they pray in that particular temple. Designer: N/A

Our own architect: Leoh Ming Pei is a Chinese American architect that has designed many magnificent buildings during his long life. The is nicknamed I.M. Pei and is often called the master of modern architecture. Pei was born on the 26th of April 1917. He was raised in Shang Hai and Hong Kong as a kid. According to his mother, his architecture inspiration came from the gardens of Suzhou. In 1935, he moved to the USA to study architecture at the University of Pennsylvania's architecture school. He graduated in 1940.

One of his designs is Dallas City Hall and Hancock Tower. Pei wanted his design for Dallas City Hall to "convey an image of the people".

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