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Abstract-This paper describes design of a critical satellite receiver for real time satellite-based voice and data messaging system suitable for Disaster Management Solutions. Cyclone warning messages are meant for some specific remote location and broadcast warning message contains coded headers followed by voice or data files. The satellite receiver has been designed to demodulate L-band signal and decode the packetized data from the demodulated output. The receiver will play the audio only if its embedded algorithm matches the decoded data with its own identification no.

Message Reformation and Formation and Transmission.



Brief descriptions of all the modules are given below. A. HARDWARE DESCRIPTION

I.INTRODUCTION Information about the cyclone, such as its intensity, direction of movement, areas likely to be affected, time of reaching the coast etc. are prepared at the Area Cyclone Warning Centre (ACWC). Based on this the warning messages are announced at regular intervals from regional weather office called ACWC and these messages are transmitted in broadcast mode in S-band by satellite. Digital Cyclone Warning Dissemination Receivers (DCWDS) are installed at cyclone-prone coastal villages which would receive the broadcast message and play the audio in respective local languages. DCWDS Receiver is an integrated satellite receiver providing a digital system to capture L-band data (9501450 MHz) and demodulate Cyclone Warning Messages meant for it. The receiver also generates acknowledgement messages and sends the Same to Network Management System (NMS) of ACWC through reporting terminal attached to the system. The receiver also keeps the warning reception history for the messages received by the DCWDS receiver.
Fig.1: Block diagram of DCWDS Receiver



The receiver is responsible for Demodulation, Header Detection and Processing from the bit-stream received,

B. DEMODULATOR For demodulation of the receiver we have used an imported L-band, PCI format, SPL make and SBR 8192 demodulator card. The wide range of L band input (950 to 2050 MHz) minimizes the number of LNBCs required for full satellite coverage. The function of Low Noise Block Converter (LNBC) is to amplify the low level satellite downlink transmission to such a level so that it can be demodulated. Demodulator card receives the L-Band RF signal from Low Noise Block Converter (LNBC). With power on, default parameters are downloaded from micro-controller to demodulator for demodulation. Demodulator extracts Digital data and

clock from RF signal and communicates the same to micro-controller.

The basic functional operation of SBR 8192 is that the demodulator is configured, controlled and operated via its serial interfaces CONTROL and STATUS signal lines. C sends serial commands to set RF carrier frequency, modulation type, data rate etc. Other serial commands permit enabling / disabling the descrambler and differential decoder functions. Once configured by serial commands, the demodulator itself manages the entire signal acquisition process by its own processor. Demodulator receives L band input at RF down converter, which down converts the signal to a 80 MHz IF. IF signal is amplified by a VGA, and the amplified signal passes through a wideband SAW for further reduction of its BW to less than the sampling frequency. The IF is amplified and sampled by an ADC. The digitized IF is routed through digital down converter and demodulator ASIC to process 8-bit digital words. The data and the clock outputs of ASIC are fed to VITERBI decoder to provide the decoded bit stream. The decoder performs selectable descrambling and differential decoding to provide the resulting data and clock. The standard receiver can operate either with 1/2, 3/4 and 7/8 rate DVB Viterbi error correction. C. MICROCONTROLLER III. SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION The finite state machine diagram for unique word detection and its explanation are given as follows below in Fig.
Fig. 3: The Finite State Machine

Microcontroller PCB is the master control for the DCWDS Receiver like a motherboard in a Personal Computer. ATMEL 89C52 eight bit micro-controller has been used in our development Microcontroller PCB has been shown in Fig The following block diagram of the microcontroller describes in detailed version of our aim of this paper. This illustrates the role of microprocessor in the disaster management. Its software description and its way of use are as follows. The diagram shows the parts (i.e.) detection data storage, main unit for processing and finally (i.e.) in the right hand side is placed with an output feeder. The left hand side functions as a input acceptor (initial disasters warning message acceptor) and at middle it dos some procession and finally at right hand side it gives as message (action to be done at the time of disaster).

Diagram for UW Detection


Described below in short various functional modules of the software. It is a very important function of the receiver. The NMS at ACWC generates unique headers for individual locations for which the warning message is meant. Each header is of 36 Bytes length and consists of various information, viz., Station Identification, Cyclone Number Identification, Type of Message (Voice or Text) Identification, Date, Time etc. For group selection of target receivers by the NMS, multiple headers are concatenated before the warning message. All these headers begin with a Unique Word pattern of 4 Bytes length. This Unique Word pattern is repeated three times in each header and thereafter rest of data is packetized. The embedded software developed for DCWDS Receiver scans the incoming data stream in real time and looks for two consecutive Unique Words. If detected, the software checks up various identification codes within the header and if found matching with its embedded preset values, if the message is audio, MPEG audio decoder, which is on-board, is enabled and the decoded voice message is played on ampli-receiver. If data is not voice, it is routed to RS 422 port for display B.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT PACKET FORMATION AND TRANSMISSION It is another feature of the DCWDS Receiver which enables Dynamic Status Monitoring and Remote Diagnosis by NMS at ACWC. As soon as a message is received and played by the receiver, an eleven bytes long Acknowledgement Data Packet is formed by the Microcontroller with various information, viz., Time, Date etc. with various identification references for the receiver. This acknowledgement data is transmitted to the NMS at ACWC by a short messaging terminal attached to the DCWDS Receiver. The Microcontroller PCB communicates to the short messaging terminal serially at 600 bps.

data stream as serial bit streams and provide serial output of decompressed audio. The chip uses a DSP engine with flexible digital interfaces for serial audio data input and output. In addition to the signal processing function the IC incorporates a high-performance on chip stereo D/A converter, headphone amplifiers and two DC/DC converters. The IC provides a true ALL-IN-ONE solution that is ideally suited for high optimized memory based portable music players with integrated speech decoding function. The chip is driven by a single crystal controlled clock with a frequency of 18.432 MHz and has been designed for minimal power dissipation. In MPEG 1, three hierarchical layers of compression have been standardized. The most sophisticated and complex, layer 3, allows compression rates of approximately 12:1 for mono and stereo signals while still maintaining CD audio quality. An MPEG audio file is built up from smaller parts called frames. Generally

frames are independent items. Each frame has its own


It is logged by the Microcontroller in Cyclic Memory. This information may be referred by administrators for investigation and records. The entire software development has been done through assembly language. The HEX code generated by assembler has been embedded in the chip through suitable EPROM programmer equipment. The entire software has been tested and validated through soft simulation before embedding into the chip. V. M peg DECODER

header and audio information. There is no file header. The frame header is constituted by first 32 bits in frame.



A single-chip MPEG layer 3 audio decoder (MICRONAS 3507D) has been used for playback applications. The MAS 3507D decoding block accepts compressed digital

The developed receiver has been tested with the help of Test Set-up as shown in Fig. The header appended by MPEG audio file is generated by the simulator software

developed for this purpose and the same is sent to satellite modem through synchronous serial PCB fixed onto the ISA slot of the computer. The satellite modem receives carrier frequency input from the Microwave Signal Generator as shown in the figure. The output of the Modem is directly connected to the RF Input port of the DCWDS Receiver. As soon as data is sent to the Modem, depending on the content of the header selected, audio is played by the receiver. Audio port is not enabled if there is a mismatch of specific byte location content within header data stream. All the modules of the receiver have been tested individually for checking its proper functionality. Methodology followed for testing of the modules and the systems are given below.

the modulation is of BPSK type) is used in addition to satellite modem, RF cable and other accessories. In all environmental conditions as described above, the system performs perfectly.

A. MICROCONTROLLER CARD TESTING Appropriate data stream is being fed to the board from the simulator software developed for this purpose. The microcontroller PCB processes the incoming data as per the software strategy and process the header and other data elements packetized therein. Output bit patterns are monitored using logic analyzers and digital storage oscilloscopes for checking propriety of operations. Also the output of the microcontroller may be connected to MPEG decoder for testing audio output. B. MPEG Decoder Testing The MPEG decoder circuit made of Micronas chip may be tested by pumping the data from simulation software to the decoder which will shed off the header portion and play the MPEG voice through the speaker

VII. CONCLUSION The DCWDS Receiver has been specifically developed for nation-wide Cyclone Warning System. Similar system may be used for warning and mitigation of other natural calamities, viz., Flood, Earthquake etc. REFERENCES
[1] Network management system for cyclone warning and dissemination system a unique disaster management solution published in EAIT 2001 [2] Design of an embedded satellite receive system using a new method of digital data communication published in HOT 2003 [3]8-bit Embedded Controllers (270645), Intel Corp., Santa Clara, CA, 1983

C. ENVIRONMENTAL TEST CYCLES FOR RECEIVER The DCWDS receiver developed by us is tested in different environmental conditions, viz., cold condition (0 0 C), at high temperature (50 0 C) and at 95% RH noncondensing humid condition. For carrying out testing of the system 2.0 GHz signal source of pulse type (because