Steve Jobs Dies: Apple Chief Made Early Personal Computer, Created iPad, iPod, iPhone

By NED POTTER, COLLEEN CURRY and MICHAEL S. JAMES Oct. 5, 2011 —

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Steve Jobs, the mastermind behind Apple's iPhone, iPad, iPod, iMac and iTunes, has died, Apple said late today. He was 56 years old. Jobs died peacefully, surrounded by family members, his family said in a statement. In recent years Jobs had fought a form of pancreatic cancer and had a liver transplant. "Steve's brilliance, passion and energy were the source of countless innovations that enrich and improve all of our lives," read a statement by Apple's board of directors. "The world is immeasurably better because of Steve. His greatest love was for his wife, Laurene, and his family. Our hearts go out to them and to all who were touched by his extraordinary gifts." Jobs co-founded Apple Computer in 1976 and, with his childhood friend Steve Wozniak, marketed what was considered the world's first successful personal computer, the Apple II. Industry watchers called Jobs a master innovator -- perhaps on a par with Thomas Edison -- changing the worlds of computing, recorded music and communications. "I'm shocked and disturbed," said Wozniak when reached by ABC News. Later, on ABC News' "Nightline," he said it was hard to imagine, in some ways, how the world would move forward without Jobs. "You get shocked when people you know die," Wozniak said. "And this was closer to when John Lennon died, or JFK or Martin Luther King." As Jobs' death was announced, the homepage of Apple's website switched to a full-page image of Jobs with the text, "Steve Jobs 1955-2011." Clicking on the image brought one to additional text that was attributed to Apple's current CEO, Tim Cook. "Apple has lost a visionary and creative genius, and the world has lost an amazing human being," the text read. "Those of us who have been fortunate enough to know and work with Steve have lost a dear friend and an inspiring mentor. Steve leaves behind a company that only he could have built, and his spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple." Reaction to Jobs' death came from far and wide. "Michelle and I are saddened to learn of the passing of Steve Jobs," President Obama said in a written statement. "Steve was among the greatest of American innovators -- brave enough to think differently, bold enough to believe he could change the world, and talented enough to do it." Click Here for Pictures: Steve Jobs Through the Years Jobs' rivals in the development of personal computers, Microsoft co-founders Bill Gates and Paul Allen, immediately reacted to his death and highlighted his importance to their industry. Allen called him "a unique tech pioneer and auteur who knew how to make amazingly great products." Gates said, "Steve and I first met nearly 30 years ago, and have been colleagues, competitors and friends over the course of more than half our lives. "The world rarely sees someone who has had the profound impact Steve has had, the effects of which will be felt for many generations to come," Gates said. "For those of us lucky enough to get to work with him, it's been an insanely

" said industry analyst Tim Bajarin. just to say. "In his public life.which became Pixar Animation Studios and transformed the cartoon world with such films as "Toy Story" and "WALL-E. I will miss Steve immensely." Apple said it was not planning any public events. In the years that followed. Jobs' family released a statement tonight thanking everyone who had expressed concern about his health in the final year of his life. started Apple with Wozniak in his parents' garage. 2011 that he was stepping down as Apple's chief executive. "I have always said if there ever came a day when I could no longer meet my duties and expectations as Apple's CEO. buying the computer graphics arm of Lucasfilm." Click here for more reaction to Jobs' death. he cherished his family.. founding NeXT computers and. 37. "Steve. Jobs continued to create in recent years despite his failing health. He said the design and aesthetics of a device were as important as the hardware and software inside. though Cook's memo to Apple employees said the company was "planning a celebration of Steve's extraordinary life for Apple employees that will take place soon." the statement said. I will miss you. he went into other businesses. thank you for being a mentor and a friend." Jobs wrote in his letter of resignation. though a security guard said he was told to pick up any flowers and remove anything like a shrine. and was ousted at Apple at age 30. In 2004. We know many of you will mourn with us. when it benefits Apple. Calif. Ltd.I felt I was obligated." At Apple headquarters in Cupertino. people were hugging and crying. "He's granted interviews in the context of product launches. in his private life. tonight. after Jobs resigned in August. president of Creative Strategies. "We are grateful for the support and kindness of those who share our feelings for Steve. -. of Miami. the way he changed technology and communications -. "Unfortunately. he beat back an unusual form of pancreatic cancer. in a way. and we ask that you respect our privacy during our time of grief." One of the world's most famous CEOs. I would be the first to let you know. Steve was known as a visionary. The highlights of Jobs's career trajectory are well-known: a prodigy who dropped out of Reed College in Oregon and. that day has come. Jobs remained stubbornly private about his personal life. at 21. in 1985. He was a multimillionaire by 25. ordering up and rejecting multiple versions of new products until the final version was just right. . Jobs finally announced on Aug. 24." He was described as an exacting and sometimes fearsome leader." He remained as chairman of the corporation. He took three medical leaves from Apple. and people quietly stood and looked at the memorial.'" said David Del Toro. but you never see him talk about himself. a new position created for him." Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg said. "For all he did -. "He's never been a media person. Candles were lit around an iPad with a picture of Jobs on the screen. Apple fans also gathered at an Apple store in New York City. and in 2009 he was forced to get a liver transplant. refusing interviews and shielding his wife and their children from public view.his inventions. in 1986. "Thank you.great honor. Thanks for showing that what you build can change the world. appeared on the cover of Time magazine at 26.

" Holmes confirmed the details to ABC News. he transformed the cellphone. Mona Simpson. It could be used for almost anything software designers could conceive. struggled after it appeared." Holmes tells biographer Alan Deutschman that Jobs broke up with his serious girlfriend to "begin an affair with the charismatic singer-activist. and had three children. Lisa Brennan Jobs. ." But he did not meet Simpson until they were adults and he was seeking out his birth parents. with its iconic touch screen. lived in Woodside. No longer did people have to go out and buy a CD if they liked just one song from it. Their daughter. at one point swearing in a court document that he was infertile and could not have children.. Jobs and his wife. By 2001. Before Steve Jobs. He became CEO in 1997 and put the company on a remarkable upward path. Calif. the personal computer. Jobs became romantically involved with the singer Joan Baez. Apple's new iPad began to cannibalize its original business. had an illegitimate child. Nokia and Motorola. In 2007. made it unnecessary for millions of people to buy compact discs. According to the report. Apple. But then his body began to fail him. After. as well." Fortune magazine reported that Jobs denied for years that he was the father of Lisa Brennan Jobs. a friend and classmate. They bought a digital file and stored it in their iPods. Reed.almost incidentally -. He set up the iTunes online music store. "Other companies made digital music available on computers and digital phones and used it in commercials. according to Elizabeth Holmes.telephone. By 2010. were married in a small ceremony in Yosemite National Park in 1991. Jobs' Health and Apple's Health Enigmatic and charismatic.was that Apple made it exciting and simple and effortless and fun. which had struggled without Jobs. the author of such well-known books as "Anywhere But Here. music player. Jobs took advantage with the iPod -. from watching movies to taking pictures to leafing through a virtual book. but beyond that. copied and shared online for free. was a handheld computer. At Reed.he was given up at birth for adoption. Chris Ann Brennan. messaging device. There were other personal details that emerged over the years. Chris Ann Brennan collected welfare for a time to support the child until Jobs later acknowledged Lisa as his daughter. He had a biological sister. and persuaded major recording labels to sell songs for 99 cents each. brought him back by buying NeXT." said Bill Werde. the commercial music industry was on its knees because digital recordings. was born in 1978. was romantically linked with movie stars -. Jobs said little about himself. Apple's brilliance -. shared very little of his personal life with anyone.Click Here for Pictures: Apple's Iconic Products In 1996. editorial director of Billboard magazine. including John Lasseter of Pixar and Larry Ellison of Oracle.essentially a pocket-sized computer hard drive with elegantly simple controls and a set of white earbuds so that one could listen to the hours of music one saved on it. digital wallet and -. Simpson later wrote a book based on their relationship.and I don't think anyone doubts that this was Steve Jobs' brilliance -. Laurene Powell. The iPad was a sleek tablet computer with a touch screen and almost no physical buttons. Jobs kept a close cadre of friends.was full of intrigue for his fan base and Apple consumers." Jobs did not rest. Major competitors. But that personal life -. he had a child out of wedlock with his high school girlfriend. Apple's iPhone. digital music was math class. In "The Second Coming of Steve Jobs. Bajarin said. Erin and Eve. Its title: "A Regular Guy. "Other companies sold digital music before Apple. He admitted that when he was 23. such as BlackBerry. it was recess.

" interwoven with the health of the company. Apple briefly passed ExxonMobil as the world's most valuable company. with a net worth of about $8. The company has a history of bouncing back.3 billion. Disney is the parent company of ABC News. was the hands-on manager even when Jobs was there. he became a Disney board member and the company's largest shareholder.In 2004. Krieg. Analysts said Apple performed well during Jobs' absence. it was revealed that he had quietly gone to a Memphis hospital for a liver transplant. sources said. Alex Stone and Catherine McKenzie contributed to this report. On one day in the summer of 2011. he was forced to say publicly he had a rare form of pancreatic cancer. But it quickly recovered and became one of the most successful stocks on Wall Street. He was listed in March as 109th on the Forbes list of the world's billionaires. . In 2009.20 per share. after he announced his second medical leave. In 2009. partly because he was available for big decisions and partly because his chief lieutenant. After selling Pixar animation studios to The Walt Disney Company in 2006. ABC News' Neal Karlinsky. Tim Cook. with the stock hitting the $400 level. Gregory J. Apple stock dropped to $78. members of Apple's board of directors had to persuade him to disclose more about his health as "a fiduciary issue. In January 2009.