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FUNDAMENTAL OF SEISMIC ENGINEERING

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

INTRODUCTION
All of you have felt the massive earthquake of 26th january-2011. Disaster with devastation of thousands of human lives and disturbance to complete destruction of building, towers, tunnels and dams is observed by us in massive and destructive earthquake.

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

TERMINOLOGY RELATED TO EARTHQUAKE

Seismology: Science related with study of earthquake with all aspects is known as seismology. Hypocenter: The place or point of disturbance from which shocking waves will travel in all direction causing vibration below earth surface is know as focus. Epicenter: The point or place on the earth surface vertically above the focus of a particular earthquake is known as epicenter .

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

Earthquake: Momentary shocks experienced by the earth at different locations at different time are known as earthquake. Aftershocks: After major earthquake the unstable plate will move and tend to obtain stable condition. phenomena for obtaining stable condition some shocks or vibrations are observed which are known as aftershocks.

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

CITIES HAVING MAXIMUM POSSIBILITES OF EARTHQUAKE


DELHI GAUHATI SHRINAGAR MUMBAI JAIPUR CALCUTTA BHOPAL BHUJ SHASAN GIR

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

EFFECTS OF EARTHQUAKE
PRIMARY EFFECTS: Formation of new hills Changing direction of existing water course Formation of new water course Change in topography Creation of fissures

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

SECONDARY EFFCTS: Up-rooting of trees. Destruction of dams,bridges and multistoried buildings. Destruction of human lives . Psychological effect on human being. Destruction of telephone, light or t.v. tower. Hugh waves in the sea.

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

WHAT TO DO DURING EARTHQUAKE


Obtain structural drawing of your building from structural engineer. Take photograph of buildings showing places where cracks or other failures have occurred. Tie the fans properly with ceiling Close the main switch of electricity Close the gas bottle during non use. Keep battery with pencil cell or torch. Help the affected people Give kind co-operation to authority.
Aarsh Mahavidyalaya Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir 8

NOT TO DO DURING THE TIME OF EARTHQUAKE

Do not use lift. Do not stand in center of room. Do not carry out haphazard repairs. Do not keep heavy things on shelves of cupboard. Do not run in narrow streets. Do not run here and there unnecessary. Avoid long talk on telephone. Close main switch of electricity.

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

SUGGESTIONS TO CONSTRUCT EARTHQUAKE PROOF HOUSE building. Avoid irregular shape



Always prefer plain roof. Do not keep thickness of any load bearing wall less than 23mm. Use is specified materials Use first class brick for brick masonry. Avoid multistoried building. Use p.v.c water tank. Tie roof covering with j bolt. Keep proper water cement ratio.

Aarsh Mahavidyalaya

Prepared By :Bhavesh Sir

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