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# Previous Lesson

## 1. Pressure What is Pressure??

Pressure is defined as force per unit area P= F A

2.

Pressure in liquids
P = hg

## What is GAS PRESSURE?

Gas pressure/ Air pressure the force exerted on a surface by air molecules per unit area of the surface.

## What is ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE?

The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on the surface of the earth as well as all objects on the earth.

## What is the instrument to measure gas and atmospheric pressure?

Gas u tube manometer, atm - barometer

## Can you explain Pascal principle?

Pressure applied to an enclosed liquid is transmitted equally to every part of the liquid

## What is the formula used in hydraulic system?

Try This!!!
Push the ball into the water. What do you feel???

## Chapter 5: Force and Pressure

3.5: Applying Archimedes Principle

Learning Outcomes:
At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: Explain Buoyant Force Relate buoyant force to the weight of the fluid displaced State Archimedes Principle Describe applications of Archimedes Principle Solve problems involving Archimedes Principle.

Todays Activities:
1. Class activity to investigate the relationship between the buoyant force and weight of fluid displaced.
2. Group discussion on Archimedes Principles application.

## What is Buoyant Force??

Buoyant Force is.

An upward force resulting from an object being wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.

What is the relationship between the buoyant force and the weight of fluid displaced??

Liquid displaced

Buoyant force

ACTIVITY 1 !!!
To investigate the relationship between the buoyant force and the weight of fluid displaced

ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE
State that, when an object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid, it experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of fluid displaced.

ACTIVITY 2 !!!
Applications of Archimedes Principle

In group, find.. - The working principle - How Archimedes Principle was applied?

Learning Outcomes
1. Explain Buoyant Force
The upward force resulting from an object being wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.

2.

## Relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid displaced

BUOYANT FORCE = WEIGHT OF THE LIQUID DISPLACED (for an object which immersed wholly or partially in fluid)

3.

## State Archimedes Principle

State that when object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid, it experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.

Pressure

P=F A Pressure in liquids, P = h g Si Unit: Pascal (Pa) Gas pressure Atmospheric pressure

Pascals Principle

Archimedes Principle

Bernoullis Principle

Hydraulic system

Buoyant force

Homework!!
1. Page 100 in text book Question 1 and 2
2. Read page 100 101 in text book (Bernoullis Principle)