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The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.


Tinley Park, Illinois
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Chapter 15 Doors and Windows


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Introduction
Doors and windows perform several functions.
They shield an opening from the elements. Add decoration and expand visibility. Emphasize the overall design. Provide light and ventilation.

Planning is necessary to provide maximum design and function.


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Interior and Exterior Doors


Several door classification systems are used to identify types of doors.
Two broad classes are interior and exterior doors. Doors also may be grouped according to method of construction, uses, function, or location.

Doors are typically 6'-8" high and available in various widths.


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Interior Doors
Common types of interior doors include:
Flush, panel, bi-fold, sliding, pocket, doubleaction, accordion, Dutch, and French.

Interior doors should be at least 32" wide for wheelchair passage. Lever or pull-handles may be easier for a handicapped person.
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Interior Doors
Flush Doors
Smooth on both sides. Generally 1-3/8" thick. Hollow-core doors with wood frame. Available in widths of 2'-0" to 3'-0" in increments of 2". Surfaces usually covered with 1/8" Masonite or plywood of mahogany or birch.
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Interior Doors

Flush door and symbol.


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Interior Doors
Panel Doors
Frame and panel construction. Vertical frame members are called stiles. Horizontal frame members are called rails. Panels are thinner than frame and fill the space between stiles and rails. Panels may be wood, glass, metal, etc. Frame may be made from white pine, plastic, or other woods.
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Interior Doors

LeftTypical panel door. RightPanel door with plan view symbol.


(Morgan Products Ltd.)
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Interior Doors
Bi-Fold Doors
Two-part door, hinged in the center. Supported with conventional hinges or secured to the head jamb and floor with a pivot hinge. May be flush, paneled, or louvered. Popular as closet doors. Installed as pairs (panels 1'-0" to 2'-0" wide). Heights of 6'-8" and 8'-0" available. Wood or plastic 1-1/8" thick and metal 1" thick.
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Interior Doors

LeftBi-fold door with panels. RightBi-fold door with plan view symbol.
(Morgan Products Ltd.)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Exterior Doors
Residential exterior and interior doors are similar in many ways, but have decided differences. Exterior doors are generally solid core and thicker than interior doors. Exterior doors may have one or more glass panels to provide visibility. Exterior door styles include flush, panel, and swinging or sliding glass doors.
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Exterior Doors

These are standard plan view symbols of common exterior doors. (continued)
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Exterior Doors
Flush Doors
One of the most popular exterior doors. Wood flush doors are generally 1-3/4" thick and 3'-0" wide; other widths are available. Doors are made from birch, mahogany, oak, or metal. Moldings or other decorative millwork may be added to enhance the appearance.
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Exterior Doors

This exterior flush door has decorative molding and a large, leaded-glass light.
(Peachtree Doors, Inc.)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Exterior Doors
Panel Doors
Exterior panel doors are available in a great variety of styles. They are constructed from white pine, oak, fir, various other woods, metal, and plastics. Produced in the same sizes as flush doors.
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Exterior Doors

A traditional exterior panel door.


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Exterior Doors
Sliding glass door sizes.

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Specifying Doors
Each door used in a residential plan should appear in a door schedule.
The specifications for each door will appear in the door schedule. Use manufacturers literature for specifications.

Place the door schedule on the sheet with the floor plan or elevations.
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Specifying Doors

Typical door schedule.


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Door Details
Most interior and exterior doors are placed in a door jamb. The door jamb fits inside the rough opening. Jambs may be wood or metal. A jamb consists of two side jambs and a head jamb. Exterior jambs are usually 1-1/8" thick and interior jambs are 3/4" thick.
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Door Jamb

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Windows
Windows
Admit light from outside. Provide fresh air and ventilation. Help create an atmosphere inside. Add detail, balance, and design to the exterior of the house.

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Window Types
Many types of windows are available. Most types have unique proportions. Windows are made from wood, metal, or plastic. Construction differs by manufacturer. It is important to obtain window specifications from the manufacturer.
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Window Types

Typical windows.
(Caradco)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Window Types
Typical windows.

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Window Types
There are three basic types of windows used in residential construction.
Sliding. Swinging. Fixed.

Combination windows combine two or more types. Skylights and clerestory windows are location specific. 27
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Sliding Windows
Double-hung and horizontal sliding are the two types of sliding windows generally used in residential construction. Double-hung windows have two major assemblies called sashes.
Each sash may be opened. Muntins divide the glass area of a window into smaller units. Mullions are placed between window units.
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Sliding Windows
Four different sizes are usually given for each window
Basic unit size: Overall dimensions of the window. Rough opening size: Dimensions of the framed space in the wall. Sash opening: Outside dimensions of sash. Glass size: Inside dimensions of the sash.
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Double-Hung Window Details

Unit sizes.
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Horizontal Sliding Window Details

Unit sizes.
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Swinging Windows
There are four common types of swinging windows:
Casement, awning, hopper, and jalousie.

A casement window may have several sashes or a single sash.


Sashes are hinged at the side and swing outward. Sashes may be opened using a crank or push bar.
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Casement Windows

(Marvin Windows)
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Casement Windows

Unit sizes.
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Casement Windows

A dashed line may be used in the elevation to indicate the hinge position.
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Awning Windows
Each sash in an awning window is hinged at the top. May have one or more sashes. Usually crank operated.
(Caradco)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Awning Windows

Unit sizes.
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Hopper Windows

(Andersen Corporation)
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Hopper Windows
A hopper window is usually hinged at the bottom and swings inward. Opened by a lock-handle at the top of the sash. Usually made as a single unit only. Popular for basements; directs air upward. Inward swing is the major disadvantage.
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Hopper Windows

Unit sizes.
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Fixed Windows
Fixed windows provide a view and/or admit light. They do not permit ventilation. Usually custom made. Do not open. Examples include picture windows, circle top windows, and special shapes.
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Picture Windows
Picture windows are fixed-glass units.
They are usually rather large. Generally frame a view. Often the center unit of a group of regular windows.

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Picture Windows

(Pella/Rolscreen Company)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Circle Top Windows


Circle top windows are typically installed above another window or installed as single units. They are available as:
Quarter circles. Half circles. Ellipses. Full circles.
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Circle Top Windows

LeftCircle top window with casement window. RightCircle top window with double-hung windows. (continued)
(Shouldice/Peachtree Doors, Inc.)
Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

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Circle Top Windows

Unit sizes.
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Window Schedules
A window schedule provides information about each window in the house. Types of information include:
Type of window and size. Identifying symbol and quantity. Rough opening size. Manufacturers identification number. See example of window schedule in text.
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