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Macroteaching

Topic:
Applying Archimedes Principle

By:
Siti Rahayu Binti Mua’ai
L20091002823
Previous Lesson
1. Pressure
What is Pressure??
• Pressure is defined as force per unit
area
• P= F
A
2. Pressure in liquids
• P = hρg
Try This!!!

Push the ball into the water.


What do you feel???
Learning Outcomes:

At the end of this lesson, you


should be able to:

• Explain Buoyant Force


• Relate buoyant force to the
weight of the fluid displaced
• State Archimedes’ Principle
Today’s Activities:

1. Class activity – to investigate


the relationship between the
buoyant force and weight of
fluid displaced.

3. Group discussion on
Archimedes Principle’s
application.
What is Buoyant
Force??
Buoyant Force is….
An upward force resulting from an
object being wholly or partially
immersed in a fluid.
What is the relationship between
the buoyant force and the weight
of fluid displaced??

Liquid
displaced

Buoyant force
ACTIVITY 1 !!!

To investigate the relationship


between the buoyant force and
the weight of fluid displaced
From ACTIVITY 1..

ARCHIMEDES
PRINCIPLE
ARCHIMEDES
PRINCIPLE…
State that,
when an object is wholly or
partially immersed in a fluid, it
experiences a buoyant force
equal to the weight of fluid
displaced.
ACTIVITY 2 !!!

Applications of Archimedes
Principle…
Group 1, 3 & 5

In group, find..
- The working principle
- How Archimedes Principle
was applied?

Group 2, 4 & 6
Hot Balloon
• The hot air in the balloon displaces the
surrounding air, which is denser resulting in a
bigger up thrust that causes the balloon to rise.
Submarine
• Has special compartments – ballast tanks.
• In diving – ballast tanks are flooded with sea water to
increase the overall weight (higher than the buoyant
force)
• When water is forced out of its ballast tanks, the
submarine rises.
Learning Outcomes…
1. Explain Buoyant Force
The upward force resulting from an object being
wholly or partially immersed in a fluid.

4. Relate buoyant force to the weight of the


liquid displaced
BUOYANT FORCE = WEIGHT OF THE LIQUID DISPLACED
(for an object which immersed wholly or partially in fluid)

7. State Archimedes Principle


State that when object is wholly or partially immersed in a fluid,
it experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid
displaced.
Pressure

P=F
A
Pressure in liquids, Gas
P = hρg pressure
Si Unit:
Pascal (Pa)
Atmospheric
pressure

Pascal’s
Principle Archimedes’ Bernoulli’s
Principle Principle

Hydraulic
system Buoyant force
Homework!!

1. Page 100 in text book


Question 1 and 2

4. Read page 100 – 101 in text


book
(Bernoulli’s Principle)
That’s all for today

Thank you for your attention!!